Table 20 - Shipment Characteristics by Commodity Group and Mode of Transportation for State of Origin: 2002 and 1997

Table 20 - Shipment Characteristics by Commodity Group and Mode of Transportation for State of Origin: 2002 and 1997

[Estimates are based on data from the Commodity Flow Survey. Because of rounding, estimates may not be additive]

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All Commodities2

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles per shipment
2002
(million $)
1997
(million $)
Percent Change 1997-2002 2002
(thousands)
1997
(thousands)
Percent Change 1997-2002 2002
(millions)
1997
(millions)
Percent change 1997-2002 2002 (average miles) 1997 (average miles) Percent change 1997-2002
All modes 16,238 12,947 25.4 16,218 10,095 60.7 3,296 2,071 59.1 732 573 27.6
Single modes 13,633 10,937 24.6 15,748 9,871 59.5 3,049 1,938 57.3 169 223 −24.2
Truck 12,571 9,216 36.4 14,624 9,519 53.6 2,217 1,579 40.4 135 160 −15.8
Rail 146 75 93.7 1,121 S S 827 S S 673 1,084 −37.9
Water
Air (including truck and air) S 1,646 S 3 15 −79.1 S S S 1,749 1,487 17.6
Pipeline S S S S S S
Multiple modes 2,224 1,753 26.9 S 109 S 201 107 88.1 1,110 924 20.1
Parcel, USPS or courier 2,209 1,709 29.3 124 49 151.7 147 44 237 1,110 923 20.2
Truck and Rail 14 37 −61.3 S 54 S S 54 S S S S
Other multiple modes S S S S S S S S S 2,540 5,250 −51.6
Other and unknown modes 381 257 48.2 203 116 74.9 46 27 74.1 173 S S

SCTG 01-05, Agriculture products and fish

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles per shipment
2002
(million $)
1997
(million $)
Percent Change 1997-2002 2002
(thousands)
1997
(thousands)
Percent Change 1997-2002 2002
(millions)
1997
(millions)
Percent change 1997-2002 2002 (average miles) 1997 (average miles) Percent change 1997-2002
All modes 345 481 −28.4 976 1,627 −40 62 257 −75.7 S 762 S
Single modes 345 453 −24 976 1,586 −38.4 62 251 −75.1 S S S
Truck 345 441 −21.8 976 1,579 −38.2 62 242 −74.2 S S S
Rail
Water
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 1,197
Pipeline S S S S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S S 6 S 1,151 1,100 4.7
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S S S S 1,151 1,106 4.1
Truck and Rail S S S S S S 92
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 12

SCTG 06-09, Grains, alcohol, and tobacco products

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles per shipment
2002
(million $)
1997
(million $)
Percent Change 1997-2002 2002
(thousands)
1997
(thousands)
Percent Change 1997-2002 2002
(millions)
1997
(millions)
Percent change 1997-2002 2002 (average miles) 1997 (average miles) Percent change 1997-2002
All modes 2,552 1,221 109.1 2,401 557 331.4 725 200 263.1 740 311 138.2
Single modes 2,374 1,119 112.1 2,281 543 319.8 616 184 234 214 153 39.6
Truck 2,373 1,118 112.3 2,280 543 319.8 616 184 234.9 211 141 49.5
Rail S S S S S S 189
Water
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S S S 1,210 2,470 −51
Pipeline S S S S S S
Multiple modes 151 99 53.1 78 13 498.3 101 15 566.7 1,216 577 110.8
Parcel, USPS or courier 151 S S 77 9 734.5 101 S S 1,216 571 112.8
Truck and Rail S S S S S S 2,863
Other multiple modes S S S S S S S S S 524 8,191 −93.6
Other and unknown modes 27 S S S S S S S S S S S

SCTG 10-14, Stones, non-metallic minerals, and metallic ores

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles per shipment
2002
(million $)
1997
(million $)
Percent Change 1997-2002 2002
(thousands)
1997
(thousands)
Percent Change 1997-2002 2002
(millions)
1997
(millions)
Percent change 1997-2002 2002 (average miles) 1997 (average miles) Percent change 1997-2002
All modes 358 194 84.3 6,227 2,821 120.7 1,497 525 185.1 S S S
Single modes 356 191 86.3 6,088 2,809 116.8 1,459 523 178.7 S S S
Truck 222 159 39.6 4,981 S S 657 256 156.9 S S S
Rail 134 S S 1,107 S S 801 S S 632 857 −26.3
Water
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline S S S S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S S S S 251 281 −10.4
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S S S S 125 281 −55.5
Truck and Rail S S S S S S 283
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S S S S S S S

SCTG 15-19, Coal and petroleum products

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles per shipment
2002
(million $)
1997
(million $)
Percent Change 1997-2002 2002
(thousands)
1997
(thousands)
Percent Change 1997-2002 2002
(millions)
1997
(millions)
Percent change 1997-2002 2002 (average miles) 1997 (average miles) Percent change 1997-2002
All modes 503 413 22 2,550 1,827 39.5 75 63 18.4 S 26 S
Single modes 502 409 22.7 2,550 1,815 40.5 75 62 20.3 36 31 16
Truck 502 409 22.7 2,550 1,815 40.5 75 62 20.3 36 31 16
Rail
Water
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline S S S S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S S S S 637 17 S
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S S S S 637 17 S
Truck and Rail
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S S S S 10 15 −35.6

SCTG 20-24, Pharmaceutical and chemical products

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles per shipment
2002
(million $)
1997
(million $)
Percent Change 1997-2002 2002
(thousands)
1997
(thousands)
Percent Change 1997-2002 2002
(millions)
1997
(millions)
Percent change 1997-2002 2002 (average miles) 1997 (average miles) Percent change 1997-2002
All modes 629 659 −4.5 331 411 −19.4 112 71 56.2 561 227 147.5
Single modes 552 583 −5.3 322 405 −20.5 103 67 54 S 71 S
Truck 549 580 −5.4 322 405 −20.4 103 67 54.3 S 68 S
Rail
Water
Air (including truck and air) S 3 S −69.5 −40.7 1,880 916 105.1
Pipeline S S S S S S
Multiple modes 72 52 37.5 5 3 38.8 4 2 45.2 1,097 884 24.1
Parcel, USPS or courier 71 52 36.2 5 3 33.8 3 2 27.3 1,097 884 24.1
Truck and Rail S S S S S S 2,652
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes 5 24 −77.8 S 2 S S S S 69 147 −53

SCTG 25-30, Logs, wood products, and textile and leather

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles per shipment
2002
(million $)
1997
(million $)
Percent Change 1997-2002 2002
(thousands)
1997
(thousands)
Percent Change 1997-2002 2002
(millions)
1997
(millions)
Percent change 1997-2002 2002 (average miles) 1997 (average miles) Percent change 1997-2002
All modes 1,505 1,891 −20.4 1,211 1,533 −21 501 716 −30 955 456 109.5
Single modes 1,140 1,621 −29.6 1,173 1,500 −21.8 476 663 −28.3 279 237 17.7
Truck 1,122 1,577 −28.9 1,161 1,478 −21.5 450 597 −24.7 232 219 6.1
Rail S S S S S S S S S 1,616 3,018 −46.5
Water
Air (including truck and air) S 10 S −55.4 −21.8 1,912 1,171 63.3
Pipeline S S S S S S
Multiple modes 338 244 38.4 17 26 −34.5 23 51 −54 1,071 748 43.2
Parcel, USPS or courier 332 225 47.4 11 9 26.5 12 7 72.5 1,071 744 43.8
Truck and Rail 6 S S 6 13 −53.8 11 42 −72.6 2,776 3,273 −15.2
Other multiple modes S S S S S S 400
Other and unknown modes 27 S S S 7 S 2 S S 377 S S

SCTG 31-34, Base metal and machinery

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles per shipment
2002
(million $)
1997
(million $)
Percent Change 1997-2002 2002
(thousands)
1997
(thousands)
Percent Change 1997-2002 2002
(millions)
1997
(millions)
Percent change 1997-2002 2002 (average miles) 1997 (average miles) Percent change 1997-2002
All modes 840 1,046 −19.7 1,795 880 104 110 93 18.5 680 549 23.9
Single modes 571 688 −16.9 1,778 807 120.4 103 71 46 S 125 S
Truck 543 671 −19 1,778 804 121 103 64 60.4 S 100 S
Rail S S S S S S 827
Water
Air (including truck and air) S 17 S S S S S 1,740 1,914 −9.1
Pipeline S S S S S S
Multiple modes 238 316 −24.7 S 7 S 6 6 −7.2 1,025 991 3.4
Parcel, USPS or courier 238 315 −24.6 S 7 S 6 6 −7.1 1,025 991 3.4
Truck and Rail S S S S S S 17
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S 43 S S S S S S S S S S

SCTG 35-38, Electronic, motorized vehicles, and precision instruments

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles per shipment
2002
(million $)
1997
(million $)
Percent Change 1997-2002 2002
(thousands)
1997
(thousands)
Percent Change 1997-2002 2002
(millions)
1997
(millions)
Percent change 1997-2002 2002 (average miles) 1997 (average miles) Percent change 1997-2002
All modes 6,167 5,862 5.2 131 92 42.4 66 52 25.9 561 409 37.1
Single modes 5,163 5,125 0.7 107 75 42.4 48 40 18.5 305 213 43.4
Truck 4,309 3,558 21.1 106 71 49.6 47 37 26.1 S S S
Rail
Water
Air (including truck and air) S 1,567 S 1 S S 1 3 −67.3 1,816 1,998 −9.1
Pipeline S S S S S S
Multiple modes 885 636 39.1 7 8 −14 6 10 −35.1 816 966 −15.5
Parcel, USPS or courier 885 636 39.1 7 8 −14 6 10 −35.1 816 966 −15.5
Truck and Rail
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S 101 S S 9 S S S S 182 30 497.5

SCTG 39-43, Furniture, mixed freight and misc. manufactured products

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles per shipment
2002
(million $)
1997
(million $)
Percent Change 1997-2002 2002
(thousands)
1997
(thousands)
Percent Change 1997-2002 2002
(millions)
1997
(millions)
Percent change 1997-2002 2002 (average miles) 1997 (average miles) Percent change 1997-2002
All modes 3,234 1,139 184.1 568 S S 145 93 56.5 912 922 −1.1
Single modes 2,527 706 257.8 444 S S 105 75 39.4 139 741 −81.2
Truck 2,501 661 278.7 442 S S 101 70 45 119 533 −77.7
Rail S S S S S S S S S 534 2,257 −76.4
Water
Air (including truck and air) 25 S S S S S S S S 1,444 1,291 11.9
Pipeline S S S S S S
Multiple modes 537 379 41.7 18 11 54.5 22 17 32.7 1,193 961 24.1
Parcel, USPS or courier 531 376 41.3 17 10 61.5 19 10 97.9 1,192 961 24.1
Truck and Rail S S S S S S S S S 3,418 2,804 21.9
Other multiple modes S S S S S S S S S 5,454 8,163 −33.2
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S S S S 203 98 108.5

Commodity Unknown

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles per shipment
2002
(million $)
1997
(million $)
Percent Change 1997-2002 2002
(thousands)
1997
(thousands)
Percent Change 1997-2002 2002
(millions)
1997
(millions)
Percent change 1997-2002 2002 (average miles) 1997 (average miles) Percent change 1997-2002
All modes S S S S S S S S S 119 245 −51.3
Single modes S S S S S S S S S 119 312 −62
Truck S S S S S S S S S 119 192 −38.1
Rail
Water
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 1,743
Pipeline S S S S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S S S S S 81 S
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S S S S S 81 S
Truck and Rail
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 40

KEY:
– Represents data cell equal to zero or less than 1 unit of measure.
S Estimate does not meet publication standards because of high sampling variability or poor response quality.

1 Ton-miles estimates are based on estimated distances traveled along a modeled transportation network. See "Mileage Calculations" section for additional information.
2 Estimates exclude shipments of crude petroleum (SCTG 16).

NOTES: Value-of-shipments estimates have not been adjusted for price changes. Appendix B tables provide estimated measures of sampling variability. The Introduction and appendixes give information on confidentiality protection, sampling error, nonsampling error, sample design, and definitions. Links to this information on the Internet may be found at www.census.gov/cfs. Coverage for the 2002 Commodity Flow Survey (CFS) differs from the previous surveys due to a change from the 1987 Standard Industrial Classification System to the 1997 North American Industry Classification System and other survey improvements. Therefore, data users are urged to use caution when comparing 2002 CFS estimates with estimates from prior years.

SOURCE: Bureau of Transportation Statistics (USDOT) and U.S. Census Bureau, 2002 Commodity Flow Survey, Individual State Data, December 2004.