Table B-15 - Estimated Measures of Reliability for Shipment Characteristics by Origin State and Mode of Transportation for State of Destination: 2002

Table B-15 - Estimated Measures of Reliability for Shipment Characteristics by Origin State and Mode of Transportation for State of Destination: 2002

[Estimates are based on data from the Commodity Flow Survey. Because of rounding, estimates may not be additive]

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Total

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes 15.3 16.9 14.1 7.7
Single modes 16.4 1.4 16.8 0.5 12.5 3.3 12.4
Truck 16.1 1.4 17.1 1.1 14.5 4.6 13.1
For-hire truck 17.2 2.8 23.9 5.6 19.2 4.1 12.9
Private truck 19.0 3.0 21.3 6.1 15.7 3.4 8.7
Rail 37.3 0.2 30.7 0.9 27.5 3.5 28.1
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) 35.4 S S S S 14.1
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes 8.5 1.7 15.4 0.2 21.5 0.9 5.7
Parcel, USPS or courier 8.7 1.7 13.2 0.1 14.0 0.6 5.7
Truck and rail 47.6 S S S S 27.6
Truck and water S S S S S S 31.6
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes 46.0 0.6 39.5 0.5 S S 44.8

Alabama

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes S S S S S S 15.0
Single modes S S S S S S 21.1
Truck S S S S S S 21.1
For-hire truck S S S S S S 21.1
Private truck
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 25.8
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 25.8
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 31.6

Alaska

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes S S S S S S 31.6
Single modes S S S S S S 31.6
Truck S S S S S S 31.6
For-hire truck S S S S S S 31.6
Private truck
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes
Parcel, USPS or courier
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

Arizona

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes 36.2 S S S S 18.3
Single modes S S S S S S 25.8
Truck S S S S S S 27.9
For-hire truck S S S S S S 29.8
Private truck S S S S S S 31.6
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 31.6
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes 46.4 10.6 S S S S 18.3
Parcel, USPS or courier 46.4 10.6 S S S S 18.3
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

Arkansas

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes S S S S S S 18.3
Single modes S S S S S S 26.0
Truck S S S S S S 27.9
For-hire truck S S S S S S 27.9
Private truck
Rail S S S S S S 31.6
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 21.1
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 21.1
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

California

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes 25.7 43.1 42.9 0.5
Single modes 36.8 11.4 44.8 14.0 44.3 13.9 1.0
Truck 37.5 11.4 45.5 12.7 44.9 12.7 0.7
For-hire truck 37.5 11.4 45.5 12.7 44.9 12.7 0.7
Private truck
Rail S S S S S S 31.6
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 23.6
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes 45.0 11.8 S S S S 0.6
Parcel, USPS or courier 45.4 11.9 S S S S 0.6
Truck and rail S S S S S S 28.0
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 31.6

Colorado

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes S S S S S S 18.3
Single modes S S S S S S 27.9
Truck S S S S S S 27.9
For-hire truck S S S S S S 27.9
Private truck
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 18.3
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 18.3
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

Connecticut

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes 19.9 20.3 19.8 5.6
Single modes 25.5 8.7 21.5 7.7 21.3 7.4 7.4
Truck 26.2 9.3 23.2 8.7 22.5 8.9 7.2
For-hire truck 27.2 8.6 27.6 10.6 25.6 10.1 6.8
Private truck 31.8 3.3 40.4 9.7 38.3 8.7 14.2
Rail S S S S S S 31.6
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 31.6
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes 27.1 7.4 40.7 1.1 31.6 0.9 6.9
Parcel, USPS or courier 27.1 7.4 40.7 1.1 31.6 0.9 6.9
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 30.1

Delaware

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes 48.3 S S S S 3.8
Single modes S S S S S S 11.1
Truck S S S S S S 11.1
For-hire truck S S S S S S 21.3
Private truck S S S S S S 25.9
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 21.4
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 21.4
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

District of Columbia

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes S S S S S S 29.8
Single modes S S S S S S 31.6
Truck S S S S S S 31.6
For-hire truck S S S S S S 31.6
Private truck
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 31.6
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 31.6
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

Florida

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes S S S S S S 1.9
Single modes S S 48.6 18.3 S S 15.2
Truck S S 44.6 19.2 45.5 19.6 15.3
For-hire truck S S 46.3 17.3 47.1 17.7 15.1
Private truck S S S S S S 31.6
Rail S S S S S S 31.6
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 29.8
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes 27.1 17.2 S S S S 1.6
Parcel, USPS or courier 27.4 16.7 S S S S 1.6
Truck and rail S S S S S S 31.6
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 28.0

Georgia

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes 28.0 46.8 45.3 2.0
Single modes 30.0 10.2 47.7 10.5 46.1 10.5 10.7
Truck 30.1 9.9 44.6 9.9 42.6 9.9 10.8
For-hire truck 31.1 9.7 46.7 10.3 44.7 10.3 10.8
Private truck S S S S S S 29.8
Rail S S S S S S 31.6
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 31.6
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes 33.8 10.2 40.0 10.5 39.6 10.5 18.3
Parcel, USPS or courier 33.8 10.2 40.0 10.5 39.6 10.5 18.3
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

Hawaii

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes S S S S S S 29.8
Single modes S S S S S S 31.6
Truck
For-hire truck
Private truck
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 31.6
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 29.8
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 29.8
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

Idaho

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes S S S S S S 21.1
Single modes S S S S S S 27.9
Truck S S S S S S 27.9
For-hire truck S S S S S S 27.9
Private truck
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 25.8
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 25.8
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

Illinois

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes 33.7 S S S S 0.9
Single modes 29.8 8.3 S S S S 2.7
Truck 28.5 8.5 38.8 13.6 37.3 10.0 2.2
For-hire truck 28.5 8.5 38.8 13.6 37.3 10.0 2.2
Private truck
Rail S S S S S S 31.6
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 31.6
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 1.1
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 1.1
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

Indiana

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes 38.5 S S S S 3.9
Single modes 30.0 10.3 S S S S 11.6
Truck 33.6 12.2 42.4 19.2 43.0 18.3 11.5
For-hire truck 40.6 13.1 S S S S 18.6
Private truck 42.9 13.7 42.7 15.7 42.7 15.4 23.6
Rail S S S S S S 31.6
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes S S 44.7 10.9 43.2 10.8 15.0
Parcel, USPS or courier S S 44.7 10.9 43.2 10.8 15.0
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 31.6

Iowa

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes 22.1 S S S S 10.7
Single modes 34.8 13.4 S S S S 15.1
Truck 37.9 13.1 S S S S 15.1
For-hire truck 37.9 13.1 S S S S 15.1
Private truck
Rail S S S S S S 31.6
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 18.4
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 18.4
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

Kansas

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes 33.4 39.6 39.1 2.1
Single modes 35.5 15.2 46.7 15.0 47.9 14.8 15.1
Truck 44.2 16.3 47.3 15.8 48.6 15.8 23.6
For-hire truck S S S S S S 25.8
Private truck S S S S S S 29.8
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 27.9
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 15.0
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 15.0
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

Kentucky

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes 48.6 35.8 35.9 3.2
Single modes 32.7 15.2 40.4 14.0 39.9 14.1 15.3
Truck 32.7 15.2 40.4 14.0 39.9 14.1 15.3
For-hire truck 33.1 15.3 40.4 14.0 39.9 14.0 15.3
Private truck S S S S S S 31.6
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 11.0
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 11.0
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

Louisiana

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes S S S S S S 25.9
Single modes S S S S S S 29.8
Truck S S S S S S 29.8
For-hire truck S S S S S S 29.8
Private truck
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 27.9
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 27.9
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 31.6

Maine

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes 26.5 28.0 25.6 3.9
Single modes 18.7 5.3 28.3 0.8 25.9 1.1 3.7
Truck 17.5 6.6 29.1 5.8 26.8 5.6 3.6
For-hire truck 19.8 5.1 39.4 8.7 32.8 8.2 6.1
Private truck 22.9 6.8 36.8 10.1 40.5 10.2 3.9
Rail S S S S S S 38.8
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes S S 27.5 0.1 31.8 4.8
Parcel, USPS or courier S S 27.5 0.1 31.8 4.8
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 26.9

Maryland

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes 30.7 38.6 38.2 2.2
Single modes 33.1 10.4 41.5 8.0 41.0 7.9 2.7
Truck 33.1 10.4 41.5 8.0 41.0 7.9 2.7
For-hire truck 34.2 11.4 43.5 8.2 42.7 8.1 2.4
Private truck S S S S S S 23.9
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 10.6
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 10.6
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

Massachusetts

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes 43.4 26.5 23.4 6.2
Single modes 47.5 4.8 27.8 2.3 25.2 3.2 9.4
Truck 47.5 4.8 27.8 2.3 25.2 3.2 9.4
For-hire truck 48.8 10.4 35.3 9.1 37.7 9.4 4.1
Private truck S S 33.1 8.7 25.3 9.2 25.0
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 31.6
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes 35.3 4.6 31.1 0.7 28.3 0.9 3.6
Parcel, USPS or courier 35.3 4.6 31.1 0.7 28.3 0.9 3.6
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 11.4

Michigan

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes 26.9 S S S S 1.8
Single modes S S S S S S 11.1
Truck S S S S S S 11.3
For-hire truck S S S S S S 11.3
Private truck S S S S S S 29.8
Rail S S S S S S 31.9
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 31.6
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes 33.1 11.6 32.8 13.7 32.1 12.5 5.3
Parcel, USPS or courier 33.1 11.6 32.8 13.7 32.1 12.5 5.3
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 31.6

Minnesota

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes S S S S S S 2.1
Single modes S S S S S S 1.7
Truck S S S S S S 1.2
For-hire truck S S S S S S 10.6
Private truck S S S S S S 29.8
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 29.8
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 10.8
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 10.8
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

Mississippi

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes S S S S S S 18.5
Single modes S S S S S S 21.2
Truck S S S S S S 21.2
For-hire truck S S S S S S 21.2
Private truck
Rail S S S S S S 31.6
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 31.6
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 29.9
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 29.9
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

Missouri

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes 47.9 32.8 32.7 2.7
Single modes 41.9 12.7 38.9 15.5 38.7 15.8 21.8
Truck 38.0 12.1 37.6 14.7 37.7 15.1 21.1
For-hire truck 46.7 12.4 45.6 13.6 45.9 13.8 23.6
Private truck S S S S S S 31.6
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 31.6
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes S S S S 49.1 15.8 2.2
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S 49.1 15.8 2.2
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

Montana

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes S S S S S S 23.6
Single modes
Truck
For-hire truck
Private truck
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 23.6
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 23.6
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

Nebraska

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes S S S S S S 21.1
Single modes S S S S S S 27.9
Truck S S S S S S 27.9
For-hire truck S S S S S S 27.9
Private truck
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 23.6
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 23.6
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

Nevada

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes S S S S S S 14.9
Single modes S S S S S S 25.8
Truck S S S S S S 31.6
For-hire truck S S S S S S 31.6
Private truck
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 27.9
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 15.0
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 15.0
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

New Hampshire

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes 17.4 26.8 27.5 5.8
Single modes 16.3 5.7 27.7 1.9 28.9 2.8 6.8
Truck 16.3 5.7 27.7 1.9 28.9 2.8 6.8
For-hire truck 34.9 6.9 43.0 9.6 40.1 9.6 5.9
Private truck 16.5 6.3 29.9 8.9 20.5 8.6 9.1
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes 25.4 5.3 37.9 0.6 42.1 1.0 11.5
Parcel, USPS or courier 25.4 5.3 37.9 0.6 42.1 1.0 11.5
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 16.5

New Jersey

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes 39.0 38.7 37.8 12.8
Single modes 35.3 7.1 39.5 5.7 38.7 5.6 18.0
Truck 37.8 8.5 39.6 5.9 38.7 6.2 6.0
For-hire truck 41.9 10.1 33.4 13.1 36.3 12.7 12.6
Private truck S S S S S S 21.4
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 31.6
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes S S 26.6 5.7 26.8 5.6 10.8
Parcel, USPS or courier S S 26.6 5.7 26.8 5.6 10.8
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

New Mexico

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes S S S S S S 28.0
Single modes S S S S S S 29.8
Truck S S S S S S 31.6
For-hire truck S S S S S S 31.6
Private truck
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 31.6
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 31.6
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 31.6
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

New York

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes 24.6 41.3 33.1 14.6
Single modes 26.0 2.2 45.3 7.8 38.8 8.9 21.3
Truck 26.1 2.3 45.4 7.8 38.9 8.9 13.8
For-hire truck 44.5 10.6 S S S S 9.4
Private truck 20.5 9.9 39.3 11.6 48.8 11.7 14.6
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 30.5
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes 35.3 2.1 31.8 0.6 30.9 0.5 8.8
Parcel, USPS or courier 35.3 2.1 31.8 0.6 30.9 0.5 8.8
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 29.8

North Carolina

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes S S 49.5 49.2 1.5
Single modes S S S S S S 2.3
Truck S S S S S S 1.9
For-hire truck S S S S S S 1.8
Private truck S S S S S S 27.9
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 29.8
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes 29.7 11.5 24.6 4.2 25.0 4.2 1.7
Parcel, USPS or courier 29.7 11.5 24.6 4.2 25.0 4.2 1.7
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

North Dakota

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes 41.4 S S S S 10.7
Single modes S S S S S S 21.1
Truck S S S S S S 23.6
For-hire truck S S S S S S 25.8
Private truck S S S S S S 31.6
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 31.6
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 21.2
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 21.2
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

Ohio

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes 33.6 30.6 28.7 2.9
Single modes 46.9 13.5 33.1 13.6 31.1 13.6 4.5
Truck 39.9 11.5 28.9 12.9 29.4 12.9 4.0
For-hire truck S S 46.5 14.1 48.7 14.1 11.2
Private truck 38.8 7.7 S S S S 18.8
Rail S S S S S S 31.6
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 23.9
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes 37.4 13.0 35.4 12.3 36.6 12.1 3.1
Parcel, USPS or courier 37.4 13.0 35.4 12.3 36.6 12.1 3.1
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 31.6

Oklahoma

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes S S S S S S 15.0
Single modes
Truck
For-hire truck
Private truck
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 15.0
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 15.0
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 31.6

Oregon

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes 21.6 S S S S 0.8
Single modes 41.1 15.1 S S S S 18.4
Truck S S S S S S 25.8
For-hire truck S S S S S S 25.8
Private truck
Rail S S S S S S 29.9
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 31.6
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes 37.7 15.1 S S S S 10.6
Parcel, USPS or courier 37.7 15.1 S S S S 10.6
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

Pennsylvania

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes 15.7 35.1 38.9 4.6
Single modes 27.4 10.9 37.0 3.9 40.7 3.7 5.2
Truck 27.4 10.9 37.0 3.9 40.7 3.7 5.2
For-hire truck 31.7 11.1 42.3 7.5 45.6 7.2 5.2
Private truck 49.6 4.9 S S S S 23.7
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes 36.9 11.0 26.8 2.3 31.4 1.6 4.8
Parcel, USPS or courier 36.9 11.0 26.8 2.3 31.4 1.6 4.8
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 27.9

Rhode Island

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes 18.4 30.8 30.7 2.5
Single modes 23.8 6.8 31.5 4.0 31.3 4.1 2.7
Truck 23.8 6.8 31.5 4.0 31.3 4.1 2.7
For-hire truck 24.7 6.9 34.9 8.7 35.0 8.7 3.7
Private truck 42.9 7.6 S S S S 12.3
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes 24.3 6.1 35.2 3.5 35.5 3.6 3.4
Parcel, USPS or courier 24.3 6.1 35.2 3.5 35.5 3.6 3.4
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 31.6

South Carolina

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes 27.4 41.9 41.0 1.5
Single modes 26.8 8.9 42.5 4.4 41.6 4.3 1.1
Truck 26.9 8.6 39.7 4.2 38.4 4.2 1.1
For-hire truck 28.0 8.3 43.1 7.8 41.7 7.8 1.1
Private truck S S S S S S 31.6
Rail S S S S S S 31.6
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 29.8
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes 46.6 8.9 36.9 4.5 37.1 4.4 10.7
Parcel, USPS or courier 46.6 8.9 36.9 4.5 37.1 4.4 10.7
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 31.6

South Dakota

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes S S S S S S 14.9
Single modes S S S S S S 18.3
Truck S S S S S S 18.3
For-hire truck S S S S S S 23.6
Private truck S S S S S S 27.9
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 25.8
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 25.8
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

Tennessee

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes 27.6 36.8 39.6 10.8
Single modes 31.3 12.6 37.7 10.4 40.4 10.4 15.3
Truck 31.6 12.4 37.9 10.4 40.5 10.4 15.2
For-hire truck 31.6 12.4 37.9 10.4 40.5 10.4 15.2
Private truck
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 31.6
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes S S 37.5 10.4 35.8 10.4 15.3
Parcel, USPS or courier S S 37.5 10.4 35.8 10.4 15.3
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 31.6

Texas

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes 27.4 47.3 48.7 10.7
Single modes 42.2 12.4 S S S S 18.4
Truck 34.6 10.4 45.3 13.6 45.3 13.9 18.4
For-hire truck 48.4 10.0 S S S S 18.4
Private truck S S S S S S 27.9
Rail S S S S S S 29.8
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes 47.0 12.3 39.7 15.4 40.2 15.4 15.0
Parcel, USPS or courier 47.0 12.3 39.7 15.4 40.2 15.4 15.0
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 31.6

Utah

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes S S S S S S 21.1
Single modes S S S S S S 27.9
Truck S S S S S S 29.8
For-hire truck S S S S S S 29.8
Private truck
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 31.6
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes S S 49.8 19.8 49.5 19.9 21.1
Parcel, USPS or courier S S 49.8 19.8 49.5 19.9 21.1
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

Vermont

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes 11.6 22.5 15.7 7.1
Single modes 12.1 1.1 22.6 0.3 15.8 0.5 7.5
Truck 12.2 1.1 22.6 0.5 16.8 3.6 7.5
For-hire truck 34.9 5.2 33.8 7.8 25.9 5.8 21.0
Private truck 9.5 5.1 27.0 8.4 18.8 6.7 8.2
Rail S S S S S S 38.3
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 31.6
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes 20.4 0.8 37.4 S S 14.1
Parcel, USPS or courier 20.7 0.8 40.2 36.7 14.2
Truck and rail S S S S S S 31.6
Truck and water S S S S S S 31.6
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes 24.1 0.5 27.5 0.3 S S 28.1

Virginia

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes S S 47.9 48.6 7.4
Single modes S S 49.6 10.4 S S 12.9
Truck S S 50.0 14.5 S S 15.2
For-hire truck S S S S S S 15.4
Private truck S S S S S S 29.8
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 31.6
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 11.3
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 11.3
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

Washington

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes S S S S 32.6 1.2
Single modes S S S S S S 25.9
Truck S S S S S S 27.9
For-hire truck S S S S S S 27.9
Private truck
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 31.6
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes S S S S 35.9 14.4 14.9
Parcel, USPS or courier S S 40.5 18.5 40.7 14.1 14.9
Truck and rail S S S S S S 31.6
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

West Virginia

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes 49.6 S S S S 12.0
Single modes S S S S S S 11.8
Truck S S S S S S 11.9
For-hire truck S S S S S S 11.6
Private truck S S S S S S 28.0
Rail S S S S S S 31.6
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 25.6
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 25.6
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 31.6

Wisconsin

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes 33.2 S S S S 1.4
Single modes 39.6 7.6 S S S S 2.4
Truck 37.9 7.4 S S S S 2.4
For-hire truck 41.6 9.5 S S S S 10.7
Private truck S S S S S S 25.9
Rail S S S S S S 31.6
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes 29.9 7.6 S S S S 1.5
Parcel, USPS or courier 36.0 7.5 S S S S 1.6
Truck and rail S S S S S S 31.6
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

Wyoming

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes S S S S S S 26.0
Single modes S S S S S S 29.9
Truck S S S S S S 31.6
For-hire truck S S S S S S 31.6
Private truck
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 31.6
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 28.0
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 28.0
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

KEY:
– Represents data cell equal to zero or less than 1 unit of measure.
S Estimate does not meet publication standards because of high sampling variability or poor response quality.
CV Coefficient of variation of number

NOTE: The Introduction and appendixes give information onf confidentiality protection, sampling error, nonsampling error, sample design, and definitions. Links to this information on the Internet may be found at www.census.gov/cfs.

SOURCE: Bureau of Transportation Statistics (USDOT) and U.S. Census Bureau, 2002 Commodity Flow Survey, Individual State Data, December 2004.