Table 3. Shipment Characteristics by Mode of Transportation and Distance Shipped for State of Origin: 2002

Table 3. Shipment Characteristics by Mode of Transportation and Distance Shipped for State of Origin: 2002

[Estimates are based on data from the Commodity Flow Survey. Because of rounding, estimates may not be additive]

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All modes

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1
2002
(million $)
Percent 2002
(thousands)
Percent 2002
(millions)
Percent
All distances 164,557 100.0 268,935 100.0 44,113 100.0
Less than 50 miles 51,734 31.4 161,386 60.0 3,336 7.6
50 to 99 miles 18,928 11.5 25,102 9.3 2,533 5.7
100 to 249 miles 35,003 21.3 42,450 15.8 10,417 23.6
250 to 499 miles 27,380 16.6 28,344 10.5 13,859 31.4
500 to 749 miles 11,419 6.9 5,676 2.1 4,491 10.2
750 to 999 miles 5,756 3.5 3,166 1.2 3,332 7.6
1,000 to 1,499 miles 4,634 2.8 1,148 0.4 1,644 3.7
1,500 to 1,999 miles 1,611 1.0 242 525 1.2
2,000 miles or more 8,091 4.9 1,420 0.5 3,976 9.0

Single modes

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1
2002
(million $)
Percent 2002
(thousands)
Percent 2002
(millions)
Percent
All distances 144,336 100.0 263,668 100.0 42,235 100.0
Less than 50 miles 47,666 33.0 159,010 60.3 3,310 7.8
50 to 99 miles 17,338 12.0 24,144 9.2 2,389 5.7
100 to 249 miles 32,137 22.3 42,264 16.0 10,373 24.6
250 to 499 miles 23,251 16.1 27,025 10.2 13,193 31.2
500 to 749 miles 9,136 6.3 5,608 2.1 4,441 10.5
750 to 999 miles 4,666 3.2 3,124 1.2 3,291 7.8
1,000 to 1,499 miles 3,495 2.4 1,125 0.4 1,611 3.8
1,500 to 1,999 miles 961 0.7 234 506 1.2
2,000 miles or more 5,687 3.9 1,136 0.4 3,121 7.4

Truck2

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1
2002
(million $)
Percent 2002
(thousands)
Percent 2002
(millions)
Percent
All distances 137,943 100.0 216,324 100.0 23,392 100.0
Less than 50 miles 47,380 34.3 152,902 70.7 2,961 12.7
50 to 99 miles 16,916 12.3 21,355 9.9 1,983 8.5
100 to 249 miles 30,866 22.4 23,978 11.1 4,608 19.7
250 to 499 miles 20,862 15.1 10,105 4.7 4,532 19.4
500 to 749 miles 8,630 6.3 3,606 1.7 2,627 11.2
750 to 999 miles 4,208 3.1 2,372 1.1 2,494 10.7
1,000 to 1,499 miles 3,143 2.3 846 0.4 1,171 5.0
1,500 to 1,999 miles 886 0.6 183 381 1.6
2,000 miles or more 5,052 3.7 978 0.5 2,635 11.3

For-hire truck

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1
2002
(million $)
Percent 2002
(thousands)
Percent 2002
(millions)
Percent
All distances 75,100 100.0 109,856 100.0 17,222 100.0
Less than 50 miles 15,951 21.2 71,980 65.5 1,616 9.4
50 to 99 miles 5,171 6.9 7,811 7.1 725 4.2
100 to 249 miles 15,876 21.1 14,993 13.6 2,943 17.1
250 to 499 miles 17,529 23.3 8,144 7.4 3,675 21.3
500 to 749 miles 7,874 10.5 2,902 2.6 2,121 12.3
750 to 999 miles 3,968 5.3 2,209 2.0 2,327 13.5
1,000 to 1,499 miles 2,956 3.9 751 0.7 1,038 6.0
1,500 to 1,999 miles 798 1.1 153 0.1 319 1.9
2,000 miles or more 4,979 6.6 911 0.8 2,458 14.3

Private truck

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1
2002
(million $)
Percent 2002
(thousands)
Percent 2002
(millions)
Percent
All distances 62,465 100.0 106,125 100.0 6,151 100.0
Less than 50 miles 31,167 49.9 80,614 76.0 1,337 21.7
50 to 99 miles 11,744 18.8 13,535 12.8 1,257 20.4
100 to 249 miles 14,886 23.8 8,962 8.4 1,659 27.0
250 to 499 miles 3,326 5.3 1,958 1.8 855 13.9
500 to 749 miles 753 1.2 703 0.7 505 8.2
750 to 999 miles 240 0.4 163 0.2 167 2.7
1,000 to 1,499 miles 187 0.3 95 133 2.2
1,500 to 1,999 miles 88 0.1 S S S S
2,000 miles or more S S 66 177 2.9

Rail

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1
2002
(million $)
Percent 2002
(thousands)
Percent 2002
(millions)
Percent
All distances 3,206 100.0 45,359 100.0 18,637 100.0
Less than 50 miles 231 7.2 5,462 12.0 332 1.8
50 to 99 miles 80 2.5 1,779 3.9 S S
100 to 249 miles 940 29.3 17,982 39.6 5,705 30.6
250 to 499 miles 1,279 39.9 16,909 37.3 8,653 46.4
500 to 749 miles 299 9.3 1,998 4.4 1,809 9.7
750 to 999 miles 96 3.0 749 1.7 793 4.3
1,000 to 1,499 miles 128 4.0 277 0.6 437 2.3
1,500 to 1,999 miles S S S S S S
2,000 miles or more 142 4.4 S S S S

Water

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1
2002
(million $)
Percent 2002
(thousands)
Percent 2002
(millions)
Percent
All distances S S 1,947 100.0 166 100.0
Less than 50 miles S S 646 33.2 S S
50 to 99 miles S S S S S S
100 to 249 miles S S S S S S
250 to 499 miles
500 to 749 miles
750 to 999 miles
1,000 to 1,499 miles
1,500 to 1,999 miles
2,000 miles or more

Shallow draft

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1
2002
(million $)
Percent 2002
(thousands)
Percent 2002
(millions)
Percent
All distances S S 1,788 100.0 151 100.0
Less than 50 miles S S S S S S
50 to 99 miles S S S S S S
100 to 249 miles S S S S S S
250 to 499 miles
500 to 749 miles
750 to 999 miles
1,000 to 1,499 miles
1,500 to 1,999 miles
2,000 miles or more

Great Lakes

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1
2002
(million $)
Percent 2002
(thousands)
Percent 2002
(millions)
Percent
All distances
Less than 50 miles
50 to 99 miles
100 to 249 miles
250 to 499 miles
500 to 749 miles
750 to 999 miles
1,000 to 1,499 miles
1,500 to 1,999 miles
2,000 miles or more

Deep draft

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1
2002
(million $)
Percent 2002
(thousands)
Percent 2002
(millions)
Percent
All distances S S S S S S
Less than 50 miles S S S S S S
50 to 99 miles
100 to 249 miles S S S S S S
250 to 499 miles
500 to 749 miles
750 to 999 miles
1,000 to 1,499 miles
1,500 to 1,999 miles
2,000 miles or more

Air (including truck and air)

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1
2002
(million $)
Percent 2002
(thousands)
Percent 2002
(millions)
Percent
All distances 3,069 100.0 38 100.0 39 100.0
Less than 50 miles
50 to 99 miles 317 10.3 S S 1 1.5
100 to 249 miles 294 9.6 8 20.8 5 12.0
250 to 499 miles 1,111 36.2 12 30.8 8 21.0
500 to 749 miles 207 6.7 5 12.6 5 12.9
750 to 999 miles S S S S S S
1,000 to 1,499 miles 224 7.3 2 4.2 2 6.2
1,500 to 1,999 miles S S S S S S
2,000 miles or more 492 16.0 5 12.5 13 33.8

Pipeline3

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1
2002
(million $)
Percent 2002
(thousands)
Percent 2002
(millions)
Percent
All distances S S S S S S
Less than 50 miles S S
50 to 99 miles S S
100 to 249 miles S S
250 to 499 miles S S S S S S
500 to 749 miles S S
750 to 999 miles S S
1,000 to 1,499 miles S S
1,500 to 1,999 miles S S
2,000 miles or more S S

Multiple modes

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1
2002
(million $)
Percent 2002
(thousands)
Percent 2002
(millions)
Percent
All distances 16,395 100.0 2,467 100.0 1,714 100.0
Less than 50 miles 2,011 12.3 65 2.6 2 0.1
50 to 99 miles 1,020 6.2 S S 120 7.0
100 to 249 miles 2,247 13.7 85 3.4 22 1.3
250 to 499 miles 3,833 23.4 S S S S
500 to 749 miles 2,215 13.5 53 2.1 39 2.3
750 to 999 miles 1,051 6.4 24 1.0 24 1.4
1,000 to 1,499 miles 1,027 6.3 18 0.7 26 1.5
1,500 to 1,999 miles S S 8 0.3 16 1.0
2,000 miles or more 2,387 14.6 S S S S

Parcel, USPS or courier

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1
2002
(million $)
Percent 2002
(thousands)
Percent 2002
(millions)
Percent
All distances 14,902 100.0 337 100.0 231 100.0
Less than 50 miles 1,965 13.2 48 14.3 1 0.6
50 to 99 miles 994 6.7 17 5.1 2 0.7
100 to 249 miles 2,213 14.8 56 16.6 12 5.3
250 to 499 miles 3,480 23.4 88 26.0 40 17.5
500 to 749 miles 2,215 14.9 53 15.7 39 16.9
750 to 999 miles 1,051 7.0 24 7.1 24 10.5
1,000 to 1,499 miles 1,027 6.9 18 5.5 26 11.3
1,500 to 1,999 miles S S 8 2.3 16 7.1
2,000 miles or more 1,352 9.1 25 7.4 70 30.2

Truck and rail

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1
2002
(million $)
Percent 2002
(thousands)
Percent 2002
(millions)
Percent
All distances S S S S S S
Less than 50 miles S S S S S S
50 to 99 miles S S S S S S
100 to 249 miles S S S S S S
250 to 499 miles S S S S S S
500 to 749 miles
750 to 999 miles
1,000 to 1,499 miles
1,500 to 1,999 miles
2,000 miles or more S S S S S S

Truck and water

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1
2002
(million $)
Percent 2002
(thousands)
Percent 2002
(millions)
Percent
All distances S S S S S S
Less than 50 miles
50 to 99 miles S S S S S S
100 to 249 miles
250 to 499 miles S S S S S S
500 to 749 miles
750 to 999 miles
1,000 to 1,499 miles
1,500 to 1,999 miles
2,000 miles or more S S S S S S

Rail and water

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1
2002
(million $)
Percent 2002
(thousands)
Percent 2002
(millions)
Percent
All distances S S S S S S
Less than 50 miles
50 to 99 miles S S S S S S
100 to 249 miles
250 to 499 miles
500 to 749 miles
750 to 999 miles
1,000 to 1,499 miles
1,500 to 1,999 miles
2,000 miles or more

Other Multiple modes

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1
2002
(million $)
Percent 2002
(thousands)
Percent 2002
(millions)
Percent
All distances S S S S S S
Less than 50 miles S S S S S S
50 to 99 miles S S S S S S
100 to 249 miles
250 to 499 miles S S S S S S
500 to 749 miles
750 to 999 miles
1,000 to 1,499 miles
1,500 to 1,999 miles
2,000 miles or more

Other and unknown modes

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1
2002
(million $)
Percent 2002
(thousands)
Percent 2002
(millions)
Percent
All distances 3,826 100.0 S S 164 100.0
Less than 50 miles 2,057 53.8 S S 24 14.6
50 to 99 miles 570 14.9 276 9.9 24 14.7
100 to 249 miles 619 16.2 102 3.6 22 13.5
250 to 499 miles 296 7.7 60 2.1 25 15.2
500 to 749 miles 69 1.8 15 0.5 11 6.7
750 to 999 miles S S S S S S
1,000 to 1,499 miles S S 5 0.2 7 4.2
1,500 to 1,999 miles S S S S S S
2,000 miles or more S S S S S S

KEY:
– Represents data cell equal to zero or less than 1 unit of measure.
S Estimate does not meet publication standards because of high sampling variability or poor response quality.

1 Ton-miles estimates are based on estimated distances traveled along a modeled transportation network. See "Mileage Calculations" section for additional information.
2 "Truck" as a single mode includes shipments that were made by only private truck, only for-hire truck, or a combination of private truck and for-hire truck.
3 Estimates for pipeline exclude shipments of crude petroleum.

NOTES: Value-of-shipments estimates have not been adjusted for price changes. Appendix B tables provide estimated measures of sampling variability. The Introduction and appendixes give information on confidentiality protection, sampling error, nonsampling error, sample design, and definitions. Links to this information on the Internet may be found at www.census.gov/cfs.
Coverage for the 2002 Commodity Flow Survey (CFS) differs from the previous surveys due to a change from the 1987 Standard Industrial Classification System to the 1997 North American Industry Classification System and other survey improvements. Therefore, data users are urged to use caution when comparing 2002 CFS estimates with estimates from prior years.

SOURCE: Bureau of Transportation Statistics (USDOT) and U.S. Census Bureau, 2002 Commodity Flow Survey, Individual State Data, December 2004.