Table 4. Shipment Characteristics by Mode of Transportation and Shipment Size for State of Origin: 2002

Table 4. Shipment Characteristics by Mode of Transportation and Shipment Size for State of Origin: 2002

[Estimates are based on data from the Commodity Flow Survey. Because of rounding, estimates may not be additive]

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All modes

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All shipment sizes 164,557 100.0 268,935 100.0 44,113 100.0 441
Less than 50 lbs 13,974 8.5 330 0.1 141 0.3 569
50 to 99 lbs 3,921 2.4 255 66 0.2 266
100 to 499 lbs 12,164 7.4 1,178 0.4 290 0.7 236
500 to 749 lbs 3,835 2.3 702 0.3 161 0.4 241
750 to 999 lbs 2,869 1.7 594 0.2 116 0.3 196
1,000 to 9,999 lbs 31,499 19.1 11,546 4.3 2,351 5.3 200
10,000 to 49,999 lbs 83,257 50.6 133,356 49.6 16,442 37.3 129
50,000 to 99,999 lbs 6,715 4.1 46,594 17.3 3,003 6.8 64
100,000 lbs or more 6,323 3.8 74,380 27.7 21,542 48.8 318

Single modes

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All shipment sizes 144,336 100.0 263,668 100.0 42,235 100.0 183
Less than 50 lbs 4,169 2.9 151 18 199
50 to 99 lbs 2,005 1.4 189 25 136
100 to 499 lbs 8,708 6.0 1,063 0.4 235 0.6 202
500 to 749 lbs 3,512 2.4 678 0.3 154 0.4 241
750 to 999 lbs 2,720 1.9 577 0.2 108 0.3 187
1,000 to 9,999 lbs 29,927 20.7 11,293 4.3 2,321 5.5 202
10,000 to 49,999 lbs 81,627 56.6 131,035 49.7 16,189 38.3 129
50,000 to 99,999 lbs 6,510 4.5 46,466 17.6 2,928 6.9 62
100,000 lbs or more 5,158 3.6 72,216 27.4 20,256 48.0 293

Truck2

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All shipment sizes 137,943 100.0 216,324 100.0 23,392 100.0 144
Less than 50 lbs 2,789 2.0 147 13 109
50 to 99 lbs 1,572 1.1 187 23 0.1 126
100 to 499 lbs 8,058 5.8 1,056 0.5 228 1.0 195
500 to 749 lbs 3,303 2.4 676 0.3 153 0.7 239
750 to 999 lbs 2,553 1.9 576 0.3 106 0.5 184
1,000 to 9,999 lbs 29,710 21.5 11,278 5.2 2,308 9.9 201
10,000 to 49,999 lbs 81,092 58.8 130,431 60.3 15,848 67.7 127
50,000 to 99,999 lbs 6,364 4.6 46,290 21.4 2,865 12.2 62
100,000 lbs or more 2,502 1.8 25,682 11.9 S S 64

For-hire truck

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All shipment sizes 75,100 100.0 109,856 100.0 17,222 100.0 500
Less than 50 lbs 574 0.8 9 5 776
50 to 99 lbs 446 0.6 16 12 820
100 to 499 lbs 3,686 4.9 217 0.2 175 1.0 786
500 to 749 lbs 1,460 1.9 146 0.1 123 0.7 879
750 to 999 lbs 1,397 1.9 132 0.1 77 0.4 584
1,000 to 9,999 lbs 16,780 22.3 3,128 2.8 1,659 9.6 604
10,000 to 49,999 lbs 45,675 60.8 69,917 63.6 11,722 68.1 192
50,000 to 99,999 lbs 3,156 4.2 21,470 19.5 1,805 10.5 82
100,000 lbs or more 1,926 2.6 14,821 13.5 S S 80

Private truck

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All shipment sizes 62,465 100.0 106,125 100.0 6,151 100.0 57
Less than 50 lbs 2,213 3.5 137 0.1 8 0.1 48
50 to 99 lbs 1,121 1.8 170 0.2 10 0.2 59
100 to 499 lbs 4,305 6.9 828 0.8 53 0.9 62
500 to 749 lbs 1,818 2.9 527 0.5 30 0.5 57
750 to 999 lbs 1,141 1.8 441 0.4 30 0.5 67
1,000 to 9,999 lbs 12,900 20.7 8,120 7.7 646 10.5 76
10,000 to 49,999 lbs 35,182 56.3 60,237 56.8 4,113 66.9 64
50,000 to 99,999 lbs 3,208 5.1 24,802 23.4 1,058 17.2 43
100,000 lbs or more 577 0.9 10,861 10.2 204 3.3 S

Rail

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All shipment sizes 3,206 100.0 45,359 100.0 18,637 100.0 549
Less than 50 lbs
50 to 99 lbs S S S S S S 214
100 to 499 lbs
500 to 749 lbs
750 to 999 lbs
1,000 to 9,999 lbs S S S S S S S
10,000 to 49,999 lbs 510 15.9 479 1.1 320 1.7 749
50,000 to 99,999 lbs 145 4.5 173 0.4 63 0.3 365
100,000 lbs or more 2,541 79.3 44,702 98.6 18,251 97.9 528

Water

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All shipment sizes S S 1,947 100.0 166 100.0 87
Less than 50 lbs
50 to 99 lbs
100 to 499 lbs
500 to 749 lbs
750 to 999 lbs
1,000 to 9,999 lbs S S S S S S 13
10,000 to 49,999 lbs S S S S S S 92
50,000 to 99,999 lbs S S S S S S 101
100,000 lbs or more S S S S 156 93.6 78

Shallow draft

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All shipment sizes S S 1,788 100.0 151 100.0 88
Less than 50 lbs
50 to 99 lbs
100 to 499 lbs
500 to 749 lbs
750 to 999 lbs
1,000 to 9,999 lbs
10,000 to 49,999 lbs S S S S S S 92
50,000 to 99,999 lbs S S S S S S 101
100,000 lbs or more S S S S S S 76

Great Lakes

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All shipment sizes
Less than 50 lbs
50 to 99 lbs
100 to 499 lbs
500 to 749 lbs
750 to 999 lbs
1,000 to 9,999 lbs
10,000 to 49,999 lbs
50,000 to 99,999 lbs
100,000 lbs or more

Deep draft

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All shipment sizes S S S S S S 84
Less than 50 lbs
50 to 99 lbs
100 to 499 lbs
500 to 749 lbs
750 to 999 lbs
1,000 to 9,999 lbs S S S S S S 13
10,000 to 49,999 lbs
50,000 to 99,999 lbs
100,000 lbs or more S S S S S S 90

Air (including truck and air)

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All shipment sizes 3,069 100.0 38 100.0 39 100.0 1,312
Less than 50 lbs 1,380 45.0 4 11.2 5 13.0 1,338
50 to 99 lbs 432 14.1 2 6.4 2 5.2 807
100 to 499 lbs 651 21.2 6 16.2 7 19.0 1,220
500 to 749 lbs 208 6.8 S S S S 935
750 to 999 lbs 167 5.4 1 2.9 2 4.2 1,471
1,000 to 9,999 lbs 206 6.7 11 28.8 11 27.7 1,039
10,000 to 49,999 lbs S S 10 25.9 S S 901
50,000 to 99,999 lbs S S S S S S 282
100,000 lbs or more

Pipeline3

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All shipment sizes S S S S S S S
Less than 50 lbs S S S
50 to 99 lbs S S S
100 to 499 lbs S S S S S S S
500 to 749 lbs S S S
750 to 999 lbs S S S
1,000 to 9,999 lbs S S S
10,000 to 49,999 lbs S S S
50,000 to 99,999 lbs S S S
100,000 lbs or more S S S

Multiple modes

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All shipment sizes 16,395 100.0 2,467 100.0 1,714 100.0 834
Less than 50 lbs 9,366 57.1 157 6.3 122 7.1 845
50 to 99 lbs 1,860 11.3 61 2.5 41 2.4 684
100 to 499 lbs S S 86 3.5 53 3.1 641
500 to 749 lbs 302 1.8 19 0.8 6 0.4 328
750 to 999 lbs 143 0.9 S S 8 0.5 S
1,000 to 9,999 lbs S S S S S S S
10,000 to 49,999 lbs 197 1.2 66 2.7 156 9.1 2,032
50,000 to 99,999 lbs S S S S S S 1,207
100,000 lbs or more S S S S S S 2,304

Parcel, USPS or courier

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All shipment sizes 14,902 100.0 337 100.0 231 100.0 834
Less than 50 lbs 9,366 62.8 157 46.4 122 52.8 845
50 to 99 lbs 1,860 12.5 61 18.2 41 17.9 685
100 to 499 lbs S S 86 25.4 53 23.0 641
500 to 749 lbs 302 2.0 19 5.6 6 2.7 328
750 to 999 lbs 143 1.0 S S 8 3.4 S
1,000 to 9,999 lbs S S S S S S 6
10,000 to 49,999 lbs
50,000 to 99,999 lbs
100,000 lbs or more

Truck and rail

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All shipment sizes S S S S S S 1,905
Less than 50 lbs
50 to 99 lbs
100 to 499 lbs
500 to 749 lbs
750 to 999 lbs
1,000 to 9,999 lbs S S S S S S S
10,000 to 49,999 lbs S S 50 17.8 S S 2,584
50,000 to 99,999 lbs S S S S S S 1,207
100,000 lbs or more S S S S S S 3,004

Truck and water

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All shipment sizes S S S S S S S
Less than 50 lbs S S S S S S 1,474
50 to 99 lbs
100 to 499 lbs
500 to 749 lbs
750 to 999 lbs
1,000 to 9,999 lbs S S S S S S 1,652
10,000 to 49,999 lbs S S S S S S S
50,000 to 99,999 lbs
100,000 lbs or more S S S S S S 198

Rail and water

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All shipment sizes S S S S S S 447
Less than 50 lbs
50 to 99 lbs
100 to 499 lbs
500 to 749 lbs
750 to 999 lbs
1,000 to 9,999 lbs
10,000 to 49,999 lbs
50,000 to 99,999 lbs
100,000 lbs or more S S S S S S 447

Other Multiple modes

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All shipment sizes S S S S S S 43
Less than 50 lbs
50 to 99 lbs S S S S S S 1
100 to 499 lbs
500 to 749 lbs
750 to 999 lbs S S S S S S 3
1,000 to 9,999 lbs
10,000 to 49,999 lbs S S S S S S 7
50,000 to 99,999 lbs
100,000 lbs or more S S S S S S 280

Other and unknown modes

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All shipment sizes 3,826 100.0 S S 164 100.0 S
Less than 50 lbs 439 11.5 22 0.8 0.3 S
50 to 99 lbs 57 1.5 5 0.2 S S S
100 to 499 lbs 228 6.0 30 1.1 1 0.7 S
500 to 749 lbs 22 0.6 6 0.2 0.2 68
750 to 999 lbs S S 2 S S 127
1,000 to 9,999 lbs 1,553 40.6 247 8.8 28 17.3 130
10,000 to 49,999 lbs 1,432 37.4 S S 97 59.1 S
50,000 to 99,999 lbs 47 1.2 S S 11 6.7 146
100,000 lbs or more 43 1.1 152 5.4 S S 417

KEY:
– Represents data cell equal to zero or less than 1 unit of measure.
S Estimate does not meet publication standards because of high sampling variability or poor response quality.

1 Ton-miles estimates are based on estimated distances traveled along a modeled transportation network. See "Mileage Calculations" section for additional information.
2 "Truck" as a single mode includes shipments that were made by only private truck, only for-hire truck, or a combination of private tuck and for-hire truck.
3 Estimates for pipeline exclude shipments of crude petroleum.

NOTES: Value-of-shipments estimates have not been adjusted for price changes. Appendix B tables provide estimated measures of sampling variability. The Introduction and appendixes give information on confidentiality protection, sampling error, nonsampling error, sample design, and definitions. Links to this information on the Internet may be found at www.census.gov/cfs.
Coverage for the 2002 Commodity Flow Survey (CFS) differs from the previous surveys due to a change from the 1987 Standard Industrial Classification System to the 1997 North American Industry Classification System and other survey improvements. Therefore, data users are urged to use caution when comparing 2002 CFS estimates with estimates from prior years.

SOURCE: Bureau of Transportation Statistics (USDOT) and U.S. Census Bureau, 2002 Commodity Flow Survey, Individual State Data, December 2004.