Table 6. Shipment Characteristics by Two-Digit Commodity and Mode of Transportation for State of Origin: 2002

Table 6. Shipment Characteristics by Two-Digit Commodity and Mode of Transportation for State of Origin: 2002

[Estimates are based on data from the Commodity Flow Survey. Because of rounding, estimates may not be additive]

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All Commodities2

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 164,557 100.0 268,935 100.0 44,113 100.0 441
Single modes 144,336 87.7 263,668 98.0 42,235 95.7 183
Truck3 137,943 83.8 216,324 80.4 23,392 53.0 144
For-hire Truck 75,100 45.6 109,856 40.8 17,222 39.0 500
Private Truck 62,465 38.0 106,125 39.5 6,151 13.9 57
Rail 3,206 1.9 45,359 16.9 18,637 42.2 549
Water S S 1,947 0.7 166 0.4 87
Shallow draft S S 1,788 0.7 151 0.3 88
Great Lakes
Deep draft S S S S S S 84
Air (including truck and air) 3,069 1.9 38 39 1,312
Pipeline4 S S S S S S S
Multiple modes 16,395 10.0 2,467 0.9 1,714 3.9 834
Parcel, USPS or courier 14,902 9.1 337 0.1 231 0.5 834
Truck and rail S S S S S S 1,905
Truck and water S S S S S S S
Rail and water S S S S S S 447
Other multiple modes S S S S S S 43
Other and unknown modes 3,826 2.3 S S 164 0.4 S

SCTG 1, Live animals and live fish

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes S S S S S S 562
Single modes S S S S S S 562
Truck3 S S S S S S 562
For-hire Truck S S S S S S 562
Private Truck
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes
Parcel, USPS or courier
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

SCTG 2, Cereal grains

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes S S S S S S 106
Single modes S S S S S S 104
Truck3 S S S S S S S
For-hire Truck S S S S S S S
Private Truck 32 11.6 354 13.5 15 1.0 43
Rail S S S S S S 340
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 174
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 141
Truck and rail
Truck and water S S S S S S 206
Rail and water S S S S S S 447
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

SCTG 3, Other agricultural products

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 2,484 100.0 1,459 100.0 729 100.0 S
Single modes 2,143 86.3 1,313 90.0 528 72.4 S
Truck3 2,129 85.7 1,288 88.3 449 61.5 S
For-hire Truck 1,599 64.4 909 62.3 399 54.7 534
Private Truck 529 21.3 378 25.9 50 6.8 S
Rail S S S S S S 3,191
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 774
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 1,345
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 1,337
Truck and rail S S S S S S 2,958
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 2

SCTG 4, Animal feed and products of animal origin, nec

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 335 100.0 1,411 100.0 244 100.0 221
Single modes 252 75.2 1,028 72.9 228 93.7 329
Truck3 252 75.2 1,028 72.9 228 93.7 329
For-hire Truck S S S S S S 478
Private Truck 197 59.0 749 53.1 87 35.7 297
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 444
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 444
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S S

SCTG 5, Meat, fish,s eafood, and their preparations

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 4,680 100.0 2,711 100.0 1,029 100.0 S
Single modes 4,625 98.8 2,672 98.6 1,017 98.8 S
Truck3 4,625 98.8 2,672 98.6 1,017 98.8 S
For-hire Truck 2,879 61.5 1,886 69.5 S S 503
Private Truck 1,747 37.3 787 29.0 176 17.1 S
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 323
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 998
Truck and rail S S S S S S 339
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes S S S S S S 1
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 27

SCTG 6, Milled grain products and preparations, and bakery products

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 2,030 100.0 1,034 100.0 S S S
Single modes 2,015 99.3 1,032 99.8 S S 397
Truck3 2,015 99.3 1,032 99.8 S S 397
For-hire Truck 1,591 78.4 628 60.8 432 57.8 537
Private Truck S S S S S S 288
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 490
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 490
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 7

SCTG 7, Other prepared food stuffs and fats and oils

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 6,154 100.0 7,281 100.0 1,347 100.0 300
Single modes 6,053 98.4 7,258 99.7 1,336 99.2 158
Truck3 5,804 94.3 6,699 92.0 1,084 80.5 155
For-hire Truck 2,044 33.2 1,420 19.5 636 47.2 587
Private Truck 3,761 61.1 5,279 72.5 448 33.3 77
Rail S S S S S S 706
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 762
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 762
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S S

SCTG 8, Alcoholic beverages

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 3,234 100.0 3,468 100.0 1,413 100.0 155
Single modes 3,229 99.8 3,467 100.0 1,411 99.9 129
Truck3 2,923 90.4 3,019 87.0 1,233 87.3 125
For-hire Truck 1,105 34.2 S S S S S
Private Truck 1,817 56.2 1,785 51.5 552 39.1 79
Rail 306 9.5 449 12.9 179 12.6 370
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 2,108
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 2,108
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 13

SCTG 9, Tobacco products

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes S S 488 100.0 S S S
Single modes S S 387 79.3 S S S
Truck3 S S 387 79.3 S S S
For-hire Truck S S 304 62.2 S S S
Private Truck S S S S S S S
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 2,456
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 885
Truck and rail S S S S S S 3,058
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 2

SCTG 10, Monumental or building stone

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes S S S S S S 127
Single modes S S S S S S 146
Truck3 S S S S S S 146
For-hire Truck S S S S S S 181
Private Truck S S S S S S 143
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes
Parcel, USPS or courier
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 11

SCTG 11, Natural sands

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 110 100.0 11,147 100.0 752 100.0 34
Single modes 109 99.9 11,117 99.7 750 99.6 34
Truck3 75 68.9 9,721 87.2 259 34.4 26
For-hire Truck 36 32.6 5,190 46.6 132 17.6 S
Private Truck S S S S 126 16.8 28
Rail S S S S S S 414
Water S S S S S S 76
Shallow draft S S S S S S 76
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes
Parcel, USPS or courier
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes 0.1 S S S S S

SCTG 12, Gravel and crushed stone

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 506 100.0 74,420 100.0 2,192 100.0 25
Single modes 504 99.6 74,043 99.5 2,139 97.6 25
Truck3 479 94.6 72,165 97.0 1,840 84.0 24
For-hire Truck 264 52.2 36,882 49.6 990 45.2 28
Private Truck 214 42.3 35,228 47.3 850 38.8 21
Rail S S S S S S 306
Water S S S S S S 90
Shallow draft S S S S S S 90
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 1,719
Parcel, USPS or courier
Truck and rail
Truck and water S S S S S S 7,811
Rail and water
Other multiple modes S S S S S S 113
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 13

SCTG 13, Non-metallic minerals nec

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 58 100.0 S S 206 100.0 S
Single modes 53 90.7 S S S S S
Truck3 49 83.6 S S S S S
For-hire Truck 23 39.4 S S S S 319
Private Truck 26 44.2 S S S S 34
Rail S S S S S S 744
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 1,400
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 1,226
Truck and rail
Truck and water S S S S S S 5,422
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 2,970

SCTG 14, Metallic ores and concentrates

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes S S S S S S 640
Single modes S S S S S S 641
Truck3 S S S S S S 545
For-hire Truck S S S S S S 599
Private Truck S S S S S S 543
Rail S S S S S S 846
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes
Parcel, USPS or courier
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 486

SCTG 15, Coal

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 1,477 100.0 50,771 100.0 14,119 100.0 S
Single modes 1,477 99.9 50,747 100.0 14,111 99.9 S
Truck3 S S S S 200 1.4 S
For-hire Truck S S S S S S 35
Private Truck S S S S 66 0.5 S
Rail 1,150 77.8 36,548 72.0 13,911 98.5 381
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes
Parcel, USPS or courier
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 305

SCTG 17, Gasoline and aviation turbine fuel

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 4,965 100.0 17,744 100.0 S S 31
Single modes 4,631 93.3 16,577 93.4 632 51.3 31
Truck3 4,631 93.3 16,577 93.4 632 51.3 31
For-hire Truck 1,983 39.9 7,104 40.0 355 28.8 47
Private Truck 2,647 53.3 9,473 53.4 277 22.5 24
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 513
Parcel, USPS or courier
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes S S S S S S 513
Other and unknown modes

SCTG 18, Fuel oils

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 1,748 100.0 6,848 100.0 281 100.0 18
Single modes 1,744 99.8 6,831 99.7 280 99.9 19
Truck3 1,744 99.8 6,831 99.7 280 99.9 19
For-hire Truck 637 36.4 2,485 36.3 153 54.6 S
Private Truck 1,107 63.3 4,346 63.5 127 45.3 16
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes
Parcel, USPS or courier
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 7

SCTG 19, Coal and petroleum products, nec

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 610 100.0 2,525 100.0 709 100.0 29
Single modes 603 99.0 2,523 99.9 709 100.0 27
Truck3 517 84.8 1,484 58.8 S S S
For-hire Truck S S S S S S 283
Private Truck 388 63.7 1,018 40.3 50 7.1 20
Rail S S S S S S 490
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes 3 0.4 1 150
Parcel, USPS or courier 3 0.4 1 150
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 28

SCTG 20, Basic chemicals

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 924 100.0 1,034 100.0 191 100.0 S
Single modes 903 97.8 1,032 99.8 190 99.8 S
Truck3 770 83.4 791 76.5 120 63.1 S
For-hire Truck 458 49.5 395 38.2 107 56.2 323
Private Truck 313 33.9 S S S S 34
Rail S S S S S S 297
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 190
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 406
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 406
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 44

SCTG 21, Pharmaceutical products

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 4,482 100.0 417 100.0 S S 552
Single modes 4,204 93.8 415 99.4 S S 266
Truck3 4,193 93.6 415 99.4 S S 260
For-hire Truck 4,101 91.5 341 81.6 S S 267
Private Truck S S S S S S 85
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 885
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes 278 6.2 2 0.6 2 0.7 673
Parcel, USPS or courier 278 6.2 2 0.6 2 0.7 673
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

SCTG 22, Fertilizers

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 300 100.0 1,987 100.0 S S 260
Single modes 300 100.0 1,987 100.0 S S 254
Truck3 S S S S 168 16.8 137
For-hire Truck S S S S S S 209
Private Truck S S S S S S 67
Rail S S 782 39.4 S S 1,061
Water S S S S S S 84
Shallow draft S S S S S S 84
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 539
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 539
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

SCTG 23, Chemical products and preparations, nec

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 3,221 100.0 953 100.0 382 100.0 439
Single modes 3,043 94.5 901 94.6 363 94.9 246
Truck3 3,014 93.6 878 92.2 349 91.3 245
For-hire Truck 1,840 57.1 668 70.1 332 86.8 698
Private Truck 1,175 36.5 211 22.1 17 4.5 43
Rail S S S S S S 603
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 742
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes 90 2.8 S S S S 615
Parcel, USPS or courier 74 2.3 4 0.4 3 0.7 615
Truck and rail
Truck and water S S S S S S 717
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 191

SCTG 24, Plastics and rubber

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 9,800 100.0 3,347 100.0 1,603 100.0 303
Single modes 9,376 95.7 3,258 97.3 1,545 96.4 170
Truck3 9,246 94.3 3,163 94.5 1,419 88.5 166
For-hire Truck 6,497 66.3 2,158 64.5 1,302 81.2 751
Private Truck 2,749 28.1 S S 117 7.3 62
Rail 107 1.1 93 2.8 124 7.8 1,379
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 1,267
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes 339 3.5 36 1.1 52 3.3 847
Parcel, USPS or courier S S 11 0.3 S S 846
Truck and rail 34 0.3 15 0.4 45 2.8 3,039
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes S S S S S S 7
Other and unknown modes S S S S 6 0.3 S

SCTG 25, Logs and other wood in the rough

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes S S S S S S 57
Single modes S S S S S S 56
Truck3 S S S S S S 56
For-hire Truck S S S S S S S
Private Truck 17 7.5 S S S S 73
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 490
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 490
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 207

SCTG 26, Wood products

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 4,246 100.0 14,734 100.0 1,892 100.0 132
Single modes 4,222 99.4 14,721 99.9 1,873 99.0 123
Truck3 4,140 97.5 14,502 98.4 1,740 91.9 122
For-hire Truck 1,516 35.7 4,873 33.1 1,101 58.2 306
Private Truck 2,623 61.8 9,610 65.2 637 33.7 87
Rail 82 1.9 219 1.5 134 7.1 669
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 1,909
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes 13 0.3 8 17 0.9 652
Parcel, USPS or courier 4 631
Truck and rail 10 0.2 8 17 0.9 1,928
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes 11 0.3 5 S S S

SCTG 27, Pulp, newsprint, paper, and paper board

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 2,712 100.0 4,161 100.0 2,049 100.0 289
Single modes 2,700 99.6 4,143 99.6 2,048 100.0 293
Truck3 2,225 82.0 3,260 78.4 1,504 73.4 279
For-hire Truck 1,612 59.5 2,571 61.8 1,257 61.4 332
Private Truck 612 22.6 689 16.6 247 12.0 166
Rail 473 17.5 880 21.2 545 26.6 616
Water S S S S S S 1
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft S S S S S S 1
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 989
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 187
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 187
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 47

SCTG 28, Paper or paper board articles

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 1,224 100.0 934 100.0 159 100.0 73
Single modes 1,203 98.4 929 99.6 159 99.8 70
Truck3 1,203 98.4 929 99.6 159 99.8 70
For-hire Truck 662 54.1 602 64.4 124 77.6 236
Private Truck 541 44.2 328 35.1 S S 49
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes 9 0.7 1 211
Parcel, USPS or courier 9 0.7 1 211
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes 11 0.9 3 0.3 S S 26

SCTG 29, Printed products

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 3,729 100.0 1,333 100.0 444 100.0 451
Single modes 2,473 66.3 1,195 89.7 422 94.9 264
Truck3 2,452 65.8 1,189 89.2 411 92.6 185
For-hire Truck 1,671 44.8 949 71.2 403 90.8 580
Private Truck 781 21.0 240 18.0 8 1.8 23
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S 6 0.5 S S 1,233
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes 754 20.2 28 2.1 S S 676
Parcel, USPS or courier 754 20.2 28 2.1 S S 676
Truck and rail
Truck and water S S S S S S 5,252
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S 109 8.2 10 2.3 S

SCTG 30, Textiles, leather,and articles of textiles or leather

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 13,159 100.0 1,583 100.0 889 100.0 988
Single modes 9,390 71.4 1,474 93.1 815 91.6 791
Truck3 9,328 70.9 1,466 92.6 810 91.0 788
For-hire Truck 7,781 59.1 1,006 63.6 707 79.5 1,044
Private Truck 1,535 11.7 455 28.8 101 11.3 139
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) 63 0.5 8 0.5 S S 881
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes S S 80 5.1 64 7.2 1,016
Parcel, USPS or courier S S 80 5.1 64 7.2 1,016
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes 734 5.6 29 1.8 11 1.2 S

SCTG 31, Nonmetallic mineral products

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 3,100 100.0 19,353 100.0 1,995 100.0 S
Single modes 3,042 98.1 19,328 99.9 1,993 99.9 S
Truck3 2,882 92.9 17,700 91.5 1,556 78.0 S
For-hire Truck 1,726 55.7 S S S S 192
Private Truck 1,104 35.6 7,757 40.1 398 19.9 45
Rail 80 2.6 1,220 6.3 397 19.9 310
Water S S S S S S 78
Shallow draft S S S S S S 64
Great Lakes
Deep draft S S S S S S 95
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 1,370
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes 32 1.0 S S 1 803
Parcel, USPS or courier 19 0.6 1 1 811
Truck and rail S S S S S S 50
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S 17 S S S

SCTG 32, Base metal in primary or semifinished forms and in finished basic shapes

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 4,145 100.0 3,715 100.0 S S 190
Single modes 4,015 96.9 3,627 97.6 S S 162
Truck3 3,769 90.9 3,146 84.7 867 61.2 156
For-hire Truck 2,547 61.4 1,701 45.8 695 49.1 524
Private Truck 1,207 29.1 1,429 38.5 S S 65
Rail S S S S S S 830
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S 1,479
Pipeline4 S S S S S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 561
Parcel, USPS or courier S S 4 0.1 S S 550
Truck and rail S S S S S S 2,907
Truck and water S S S S S S 107
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes 46 1.1 S S S S S

SCTG 33, Articles of base metal

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 2,628 100.0 709 100.0 269 100.0 331
Single modes 2,278 86.7 692 97.6 263 97.7 206
Truck3 2,185 83.2 690 97.2 259 96.2 139
For-hire Truck 1,401 53.3 360 50.8 210 78.0 497
Private Truck 780 29.7 327 46.2 S S 41
Rail S S S S S S 2,876
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 1,113
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes 289 11.0 9 1.3 5 1.9 570
Parcel, USPS or courier 289 11.0 9 1.3 5 1.9 570
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes 60 2.3 8 1.1 S S S

SCTG 34, Machinery

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 7,613 100.0 899 100.0 320 100.0 324
Single modes 6,541 85.9 853 94.9 306 95.7 205
Truck3 6,409 84.2 849 94.4 303 94.7 197
For-hire Truck 4,893 64.3 549 61.0 276 86.2 662
Private Truck 1,279 16.8 214 23.8 S S 38
Rail S S S S S S 3,149
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 1,245
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes 871 11.4 24 2.6 12 3.6 505
Parcel, USPS or courier 867 11.4 23 2.6 12 3.6 505
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes S S S S S S 3
Other and unknown modes 201 2.6 S S S S 14

SCTG 35, Electronic and other electrical equipment and components and office equipment

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 16,140 100.0 556 100.0 309 100.0 544
Single modes 11,675 72.3 486 87.5 259 83.9 215
Truck3 9,704 60.1 481 86.6 253 81.7 S
For-hire Truck 5,796 35.9 274 49.3 208 67.4 764
Private Truck 3,908 24.2 207 37.3 44 14.4 S
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) 1,971 12.2 5 0.9 7 2.2 1,083
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes 4,176 25.9 61 11.1 46 14.8 809
Parcel, USPS or courier 4,176 25.9 61 11.1 46 14.8 810
Truck and rail
Truck and water S S S S S S 511
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes 289 1.8 S S S S S

SCTG 36, Motorized and other vehicles (including parts)

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 9,203 100.0 2,344 100.0 950 100.0 150
Single modes 8,036 87.3 2,201 93.9 942 99.2 99
Truck3 8,029 87.2 2,197 93.7 939 98.8 98
For-hire Truck 6,234 67.7 1,931 82.4 919 96.7 410
Private Truck 1,757 19.1 229 9.8 19 2.0 66
Rail S S S S S S 1,259
Water S S S S S S 13
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft S S S S S S 13
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 729
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes 333 3.6 9 0.4 3 0.4 378
Parcel, USPS or courier 333 3.6 9 0.4 3 0.4 378
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes S S S S S S 3
Other and unknown modes 833 9.1 135 5.7 S S 43

SCTG 37, Transportation equipment, nec

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 746 100.0 S S S S 919
Single modes 639 85.7 S S S S 987
Truck3 355 47.7 S S S S 637
For-hire Truck 251 33.6 S S S S 842
Private Truck S S S S S S 181
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 1,239
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S S
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 532
Truck and rail S S S S S S 3,082
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 18

SCTG 38, Precision instruments and apparatus

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 3,517 100.0 S S S S 928
Single modes S S S S S S 1,091
Truck3 S S S S S S S
For-hire Truck S S S S S S 711
Private Truck S S S S S S 11
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 1,555
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes 1,827 51.9 S S S S 918
Parcel, USPS or courier 1,827 51.9 S S S S 918
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 48

SCTG 39, Furniture, mattresses and mattress supports, lamps, lighting fittings

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 3,981 100.0 919 100.0 435 100.0 S
Single modes 3,787 95.1 900 97.9 428 98.4 S
Truck3 3,773 94.8 896 97.5 423 97.4 S
For-hire Truck 2,359 59.3 625 68.0 371 85.5 606
Private Truck 1,414 35.5 271 29.5 52 11.9 S
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 1,543
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes 36 0.9 S S S S 985
Parcel, USPS or courier 36 0.9 S S S S 985
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S 2 0.5 S

SCTG 40, Miscellaneous manufactured products

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 3,741 100.0 S S 386 100.0 765
Single modes 1,517 40.5 508 25.4 342 88.6 181
Truck3 1,485 39.7 488 24.4 304 78.8 160
For-hire Truck 794 21.2 270 13.5 273 70.9 517
Private Truck 685 18.3 217 10.8 S S 70
Rail S S S S S S 1,901
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) 16 0.4 S S S S 1,060
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes 2,128 56.9 52 2.6 38 9.8 845
Parcel, USPS or courier 2,128 56.9 52 2.6 38 9.8 845
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S S

SCTG 41, Waste and scrap

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 75 100.0 S S S S 303
Single modes 73 97.8 210 95.0 46 59.3 194
Truck3 73 97.8 210 95.0 46 59.3 194
For-hire Truck 62 82.1 S S 41 52.6 189
Private Truck S S 26 11.5 S S 249
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 3,247
Parcel, USPS or courier
Truck and rail S S S S S S 3,247
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 177

SCTG 43, Mixed freight

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 21,918 100.0 9,092 100.0 1,179 100.0 251
Single modes 21,003 95.8 8,824 97.1 1,148 97.3 171
Truck3 20,982 95.7 8,823 97.0 1,148 97.3 167
For-hire Truck 1,057 4.8 472 5.2 S S 1,447
Private Truck 19,925 90.9 8,350 91.8 866 73.4 81
Rail S S S S S S 214
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 885
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes 526 2.4 19 0.2 11 0.9 590
Parcel, USPS or courier 526 2.4 19 0.2 11 0.9 590
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S S

Commodity unknown

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 186 100.0 234 100.0 50 100.0 S
Single modes 161 86.5 223 95.2 S S S
Truck3 161 86.5 223 95.2 S S S
For-hire Truck 81 43.3 116 49.3 S S 886
Private Truck 69 36.8 104 44.6 2 4.6 30
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 436
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 828
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 828
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S S

KEY:
– Represents data cell equal to zero or less than 1 unit of measure.
S Estimate does not meet publication standards because of high sampling variability or poor response quality.

1 Ton-miles estimates are based on estimated distances traveled along a modeled transportation network. See "Mileage Calculations" section for additional information.
2 Estimates exclude shipments of crude petroleum (SCTG 16).
3 "Truck" as a single mode includes shipments that were made by only private truck, only for-hire truck, or a combination of private tuck and for-hire truck.
4 Estimates for pipeline exclude shipments of crude petroleum.

NOTES: Value-of-shipments estimates have not been adjusted for price changes. Appendix B tables provide estimated measures of sampling variability. The Introduction and appendixes give information on confidentiality protection, sampling error, nonsampling error, sample design, and definitions. Links to this information on the Internet may be found at www.census.gov/cfs. Coverage for the 2002 Commodity Flow Survey (CFS) differs from the previous surveys due to a change from the 1987 Standard Industrial Classification System to the 1997 North American Industry Classification System and other survey improvements. Therefore, data users are urged to use caution when comparing 2002 CFS estimates with estimates from prior years.

SOURCE: Bureau of Transportation Statistics (USDOT) and U.S. Census Bureau, 2002 Commodity Flow Survey, Individual State Data, December 2004.