Table 13 - Shipment Characteristics by Destination and Mode of Transportation for State of Origin: 2002

Table 13 - Shipment Characteristics by Destination and Mode of Transportation for State of Origin: 2002

[Estimates are based on data from the Commodity Flow Survey. Because of rounding, estimates may not be additive]

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Total

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 164,557 100.0 268,935 100.0 44,113 100.0 441
Single modes 144,336 87.7 263,668 98.0 42,235 95.7 183
Truck 137,943 83.8 216,324 80.4 23,392 53.0 144
For-hire truck 75,100 45.6 109,856 40.8 17,222 39.0 500
Private truck 62,465 38.0 106,125 39.5 6,151 13.9 57
Rail 3,206 1.9 45,359 16.9 18,637 42.2 549
Water S S 1,947 0.7 166 0.4 87
Shallow draft S S 1,788 0.7 151 0.3 88
Great Lakes
Deep draft S S S S S S 84
Air (including truck and air) 3,069 1.9 38 39 1,312
Pipeline3 S S S S S S S
Multiple modes 16,395 10.0 2,467 0.9 1,714 3.9 834
Parcel, USPS or courier 14,902 9.1 337 0.1 231 0.5 834
Truck and rail S S S S S S 1,905
Truck and water S S S S S S S
Rail and water S S S S S S 447
Other multiple modes S S S S S S 43
Other and unknown modes 3,826 2.3 S S 164 0.4 S

Alabama

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 1,468 100.0 1,201 100.0 677 100.0 610
Single modes 1,151 78.4 1,191 99.2 671 99.0 629
Truck 1,081 73.6 451 37.6 284 41.9 584
For-hire truck 932 63.4 308 25.6 185 27.3 571
Private truck 149 10.2 S S S S 607
Rail S S 739 61.6 387 57.1 831
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 1,064
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 313 21.3 9 0.7 6 0.9 607
Parcel, USPS or courier 313 21.3 9 0.7 6 0.9 607
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 532

Alaska

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 37 100.0 1 100.0 2 100.0 2,802
Single modes 4 9.5 59.8 1 63.3 4,095
Truck S S S S S S 2,174
For-hire truck S S S S S S 2,174
Private truck
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 4,131
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes S S 40.2 1 36.7 2,228
Parcel, USPS or courier S S 40.2 1 36.7 2,228
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

Arizona

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 722 100.0 66 100.0 148 100.0 2,179
Single modes 266 36.9 62 93.9 140 94.2 2,157
Truck 215 29.8 62 93.8 139 94.1 2,162
For-hire truck 198 27.4 46 70.6 104 70.5 2,156
Private truck S S S S S S 2,297
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 2,132
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes S S 3 4.5 7 4.4 2,180
Parcel, USPS or courier S S 3 4.5 7 4.4 2,180
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 2,040

Arkansas

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 916 100.0 131 100.0 129 100.0 992
Single modes 790 86.2 126 96.1 124 96.2 1,044
Truck S S 125 95.8 123 95.9 953
For-hire truck S S 117 89.4 115 89.3 954
Private truck S S S S S S 940
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 1,164
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 126 13.8 5 3.9 5 3.8 983
Parcel, USPS or courier 126 13.8 5 3.9 5 3.8 983
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

California

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 6,725 100.0 1,098 100.0 3,059 100.0 2,635
Single modes 4,908 73.0 867 78.9 2,375 77.6 2,624
Truck 4,371 65.0 743 67.6 1,998 65.3 2,680
For-hire truck 4,358 64.8 733 66.8 1,972 64.5 2,680
Private truck S S S S S S 2,654
Rail 113 1.7 120 11.0 368 12.0 3,085
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) 425 6.3 4 0.3 9 0.3 2,451
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 1,801 26.8 S S S S 2,638
Parcel, USPS or courier 981 14.6 18 1.6 48 1.6 2,638
Truck and rail S S S S S S 3,023
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 2,707

Colorado

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 296 100.0 52 100.0 89 100.0 1,642
Single modes 153 51.6 48 93.7 84 94.0 1,700
Truck 109 36.9 28 54.5 47 52.6 1,643
For-hire truck 109 36.8 28 54.4 47 52.5 1,644
Private truck S S S S S S 1,595
Rail S S S S S S 1,880
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 1,972
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 143 48.4 3 6.3 5 6.0 1,638
Parcel, USPS or courier 143 48.4 3 6.3 5 6.0 1,638
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

Connecticut

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 703 100.0 404 100.0 208 100.0 508
Single modes 541 77.0 397 98.4 205 98.7 486
Truck 482 68.6 290 71.8 130 62.4 467
For-hire truck 452 64.3 259 64.2 116 55.6 469
Private truck 30 4.3 31 7.6 S S 441
Rail S S S S S S 702
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 965
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 159 22.6 4 0.9 2 0.9 512
Parcel, USPS or courier 159 22.6 4 0.9 2 0.9 512
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 425

Delaware

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 1,484 100.0 967 100.0 249 100.0 210
Single modes 1,377 92.8 961 99.4 248 99.6 199
Truck 1,349 90.9 757 78.3 155 62.1 197
For-hire truck 448 30.2 360 37.2 69 27.6 207
Private truck 902 60.7 398 41.1 S S 195
Rail S S S S S S 547
Water S S S S S S 214
Shallow draft S S S S S S 214
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 853
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 101 6.8 1 0.1 0.1 246
Parcel, USPS or courier 101 6.8 1 0.1 0.1 246
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 200

District of Columbia

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 2,173 100.0 927 100.0 38 100.0 38
Single modes 1,629 75.0 916 98.9 37 96.8 29
Truck 1,321 60.8 915 98.8 37 96.4 25
For-hire truck 575 26.5 376 40.6 12 30.0 31
Private truck 744 34.2 538 58.1 26 66.4 25
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) 309 14.2 1 0.1 0.4 188
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 333 15.3 6 0.6 1.2 81
Parcel, USPS or courier 329 15.2 4 0.4 S S 81
Truck and rail S S S S S S 47
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S 5 0.5 S S S

Florida

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 3,152 100.0 2,201 100.0 1,893 100.0 845
Single modes 2,256 71.6 2,178 98.9 1,873 99.0 914
Truck 2,153 68.3 842 38.2 675 35.6 806
For-hire truck 1,981 62.8 650 29.5 527 27.9 804
Private truck 171 5.4 192 8.7 147 7.8 820
Rail 52 1.7 S S S S 843
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) 51 1.6 S S S S 1,303
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 863 27.4 18 0.8 15 0.8 833
Parcel, USPS or courier 863 27.4 18 0.8 15 0.8 833
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 951

Georgia

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 4,210 100.0 9,204 100.0 4,187 100.0 512
Single modes 3,708 88.1 9,176 99.7 4,175 99.7 560
Truck 3,278 77.9 1,589 17.3 807 19.3 479
For-hire truck 2,985 70.9 1,355 14.7 694 16.6 479
Private truck 291 6.9 233 2.5 113 2.7 478
Rail 281 6.7 7,585 82.4 3,366 80.4 569
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) 149 3.5 S S S S 1,032
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 486 11.5 11 0.1 6 0.1 498
Parcel, USPS or courier 480 11.4 11 0.1 5 0.1 498
Truck and rail
Truck and water S S S S S S 967
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 503

Hawaii

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes S S S S S S 5,195
Single modes S S S S S S 5,125
Truck
For-hire truck
Private truck
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 5,125
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 5,206
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 5,202
Truck and rail
Truck and water S S S S S S 5,660
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

Idaho

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes S S S S S S 2,263
Single modes S S S S S S 2,325
Truck S S S S S S 2,329
For-hire truck S S S S S S 2,294
Private truck S S S S S S 2,634
Rail S S S S S S 2,479
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 2,137
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 8 13.3 0.3 0.3 2,234
Parcel, USPS or courier 8 13.3 0.3 0.3 2,234
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

Illinois

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 2,670 100.0 910 100.0 738 100.0 756
Single modes 2,145 80.3 898 98.8 729 98.7 771
Truck 1,977 74.1 678 74.6 526 71.2 736
For-hire truck 1,836 68.8 534 58.7 418 56.6 758
Private truck 141 5.3 S S S S 678
Rail 131 4.9 218 24.0 201 27.2 857
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) 37 1.4 S S S S 863
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 513 19.2 9 1.0 7 0.9 753
Parcel, USPS or courier 513 19.2 9 1.0 7 0.9 753
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 930

Indiana

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 1,956 100.0 3,047 100.0 1,787 100.0 592
Single modes 1,699 86.9 3,037 99.7 1,782 99.7 620
Truck 1,579 80.7 669 21.9 403 22.6 561
For-hire truck 1,385 70.8 587 19.3 359 20.1 562
Private truck 194 9.9 81 2.7 44 2.5 545
Rail 108 5.5 2,368 77.7 1,378 77.1 618
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 779
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 220 11.3 6 0.2 3 0.2 585
Parcel, USPS or courier 220 11.3 6 0.2 3 0.2 585
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 459

Iowa

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 476 100.0 244 100.0 268 100.0 1,010
Single modes 401 84.2 242 99.3 266 99.3 995
Truck 360 75.5 151 62.1 145 54.1 985
For-hire truck 350 73.5 144 59.1 139 51.9 991
Private truck 10 2.1 S S S S 946
Rail S S S S S S 1,283
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 1,207
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes S S 2 0.7 2 0.7 1,011
Parcel, USPS or courier S S 2 0.7 2 0.7 1,011
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

Kansas

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 379 100.0 121 100.0 135 100.0 1,140
Single modes 270 71.2 119 98.6 134 98.6 1,095
Truck 268 70.7 119 98.6 133 98.5 1,096
For-hire truck 246 64.8 113 93.3 126 93.3 1,092
Private truck 23 6.0 S S S S 1,187
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 1,089
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes S S 2 1.4 2 1.4 1,149
Parcel, USPS or courier S S 2 1.4 2 1.4 1,149
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

Kentucky

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 2,698 100.0 1,511 100.0 594 100.0 389
Single modes 2,423 89.8 1,505 99.6 591 99.5 294
Truck 2,223 82.4 1,481 98.0 576 96.9 278
For-hire truck 1,522 56.4 972 64.3 467 78.6 376
Private truck 699 25.9 508 33.6 108 18.2 236
Rail S S S S S S 652
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 423
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 273 10.1 6 0.4 3 0.5 470
Parcel, USPS or courier 273 10.1 6 0.4 3 0.5 470
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 139

Louisiana

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 557 100.0 S S S S 1,038
Single modes 484 86.9 S S S S 1,109
Truck 463 83.0 S S S S 1,005
For-hire truck S S S S S S 996
Private truck S S 18 1.5 19 1.5 1,033
Rail S S S S S S 1,339
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S 1,176
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 58 10.5 2 0.2 2 0.2 1,017
Parcel, USPS or courier 58 10.5 2 0.2 2 0.2 1,017
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 1,093

Maine

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 288 100.0 107 100.0 S S 829
Single modes 256 88.9 S S S S 1,052
Truck 223 77.3 64 60.1 50 57.3 772
For-hire truck 219 75.9 62 57.7 48 54.9 773
Private truck S S S S S S 762
Rail S S S S S S 873
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 1,203
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 32 11.1 1 1.0 1 1.0 731
Parcel, USPS or courier 32 11.1 1 1.0 1 1.0 731
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 898

Maryland

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 10,177 100.0 9,352 100.0 1,223 100.0 107
Single modes 9,413 92.5 9,128 97.6 1,166 95.4 82
Truck 9,367 92.0 8,922 95.4 1,116 91.3 79
For-hire truck 3,022 29.7 5,177 55.4 S S 140
Private truck 6,343 62.3 3,744 40.0 416 34.1 68
Rail 23 0.2 S S S S 269
Water S S S S S S 148
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft S S S S S S 148
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 930
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 613 6.0 S S S S 177
Parcel, USPS or courier 599 5.9 13 0.1 2 0.2 177
Truck and rail S S S S S S 85
Truck and water S S S S S S 229
Rail and water S S S S S S 447
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes 151 1.5 59 0.6 5 0.4 119

Massachusetts

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 1,324 100.0 820 100.0 467 100.0 631
Single modes 1,097 82.9 811 98.9 461 98.9 587
Truck 1,039 78.5 742 90.4 410 87.8 553
For-hire truck 928 70.1 670 81.6 370 79.2 564
Private truck 111 8.4 72 8.8 40 8.7 528
Rail S S 69 8.4 51 11.0 740
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) 26 1.9 S S 690
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 211 15.9 7 0.9 4 1.0 640
Parcel, USPS or courier 211 15.9 7 0.9 4 1.0 640
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 709

Michigan

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 2,365 100.0 777 100.0 466 100.0 643
Single modes 1,920 81.2 771 99.3 462 99.1 622
Truck 1,754 74.2 603 77.6 362 77.8 606
For-hire truck 1,564 66.1 515 66.3 310 66.5 607
Private truck 190 8.0 88 11.4 53 11.3 593
Rail S S S S S S 792
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) 51 2.1 1 0.1 673
Pipeline3 S S S S S S S
Multiple modes 412 17.4 6 0.7 4 0.9 648
Parcel, USPS or courier 412 17.4 6 0.7 4 0.9 648
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 627

Minnesota

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 914 100.0 250 100.0 310 100.0 1,170
Single modes 763 83.4 246 98.3 305 98.5 1,224
Truck 714 78.0 184 73.5 218 70.2 1,203
For-hire truck 680 74.3 175 69.7 206 66.4 1,200
Private truck S S S S S S 1,283
Rail S S S S S S 1,407
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S 0.1 0.1 1,275
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 151 16.5 S S S S 1,163
Parcel, USPS or courier 151 16.5 S S S S 1,163
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 1,101

Mississippi

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 367 100.0 196 100.0 177 100.0 867
Single modes 322 87.8 195 99.4 176 99.4 833
Truck 300 81.7 99 50.6 80 44.9 822
For-hire truck 285 77.5 88 45.1 70 39.7 825
Private truck 15 4.2 S S S S 806
Rail S S S S S S 1,010
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 1,144
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 44 12.0 1 0.6 1 0.6 880
Parcel, USPS or courier 44 12.0 1 0.6 1 0.6 880
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 834

Missouri

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 1,036 100.0 376 100.0 324 100.0 906
Single modes 851 82.1 355 94.5 305 94.1 866
Truck 809 78.0 346 92.0 293 90.4 858
For-hire truck 716 69.0 253 67.3 219 67.5 852
Private truck S S S S S S 870
Rail S S S S S S 1,287
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S 1,020
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 158 15.2 4 1.1 4 1.2 915
Parcel, USPS or courier 158 15.2 4 1.1 4 1.2 915
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 992

Montana

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes S S S S S S 2,164
Single modes S S S S S S 1,914
Truck S S S S S S 2,057
For-hire truck S S S S S S 2,053
Private truck S S S S S S 2,069
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 1,877
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 16 8.6 1 2.4 1 2.6 2,241
Parcel, USPS or courier 16 8.6 1 2.4 1 2.6 2,241
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

Nebraska

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 315 100.0 65 100.0 79 100.0 1,213
Single modes 274 86.9 64 98.4 77 98.3 1,180
Truck 202 64.0 64 98.2 77 98.2 1,253
For-hire truck 181 57.4 37 56.6 47 60.2 1,265
Private truck S S S S S S 1,119
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 1,103
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 41 13.1 1 1.5 1 1.6 1,219
Parcel, USPS or courier 41 13.1 1 1.5 1 1.6 1,219
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 1,270

Nevada

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 368 100.0 102 100.0 245 100.0 2,414
Single modes 319 86.7 102 99.2 242 99.2 2,433
Truck 318 86.4 101 99.1 242 99.1 2,416
For-hire truck 308 83.6 89 86.8 211 86.4 2,418
Private truck S S S S S S 2,388
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 2,483
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 49 13.3 1 0.8 2 0.8 2,413
Parcel, USPS or courier 49 13.3 1 0.8 2 0.8 2,413
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 2,593

New Hampshire

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 264 100.0 672 100.0 672 100.0 640
Single modes 206 77.7 670 99.8 671 99.9 632
Truck 186 70.3 S S S S 629
For-hire truck 170 64.2 88 13.1 S S 629
Private truck 16 6.1 17 2.5 11 1.6 630
Rail S S S S S S 1,070
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 1,221
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 58 22.0 2 0.2 1 0.1 642
Parcel, USPS or courier 58 22.0 2 0.2 1 0.1 642
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 581

New Jersey

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 3,911 100.0 1,521 100.0 499 100.0 386
Single modes 3,512 89.8 1,488 97.8 487 97.6 466
Truck 3,218 82.3 1,319 86.7 422 84.4 331
For-hire truck 2,300 58.8 1,083 71.2 350 70.0 342
Private truck 918 23.5 236 15.5 72 14.4 289
Rail 95 2.4 165 10.8 65 12.9 390
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) 199 5.1 S S 1 0.3 787
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 317 8.1 11 0.7 4 0.8 361
Parcel, USPS or courier 306 7.8 9 0.6 3 0.6 361
Truck and rail
Truck and water S S S S S S 467
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes 82 2.1 S S S S 378

New Mexico

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 99 100.0 10 100.0 17 100.0 1,744
Single modes 65 66.0 S S 16 89.7 1,719
Truck 65 66.0 S S 16 89.7 1,719
For-hire truck 34 34.4 5 45.5 8 45.7 1,725
Private truck S S S S S S 1,652
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 34 34.0 1 9.9 2 10.3 1,746
Parcel, USPS or courier 34 34.0 1 9.9 2 10.3 1,746
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

New York

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 5,418 100.0 3,189 100.0 1,580 100.0 472
Single modes 4,073 75.2 1,990 62.4 965 61.1 559
Truck 3,756 69.3 1,809 56.7 847 53.7 465
For-hire truck 3,194 59.0 1,541 48.3 714 45.2 460
Private truck 561 10.3 268 8.4 133 8.4 496
Rail 53 1.0 178 5.6 115 7.3 566
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) 264 4.9 S S S S 1,360
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 1,307 24.1 S S S S 459
Parcel, USPS or courier 970 17.9 17 0.5 8 0.5 459
Truck and rail S S S S S S 431
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes S S S S S S 513
Other and unknown modes 38 0.7 S S S S 471

North Carolina

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 9,090 100.0 13,768 100.0 3,255 100.0 195
Single modes 8,368 92.1 13,703 99.5 3,243 99.7 175
Truck 7,888 86.8 7,638 55.5 1,343 41.3 167
For-hire truck 4,747 52.2 3,908 28.4 770 23.7 195
Private truck 3,132 34.5 3,721 27.0 571 17.5 151
Rail 372 4.1 S S S S 293
Water S S S S S S 195
Shallow draft S S S S S S 195
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 806
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 584 6.4 18 0.1 4 0.1 212
Parcel, USPS or courier 584 6.4 18 0.1 4 0.1 212
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S 47 0.3 7 0.2 178

North Dakota

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 87 100.0 40 100.0 62 100.0 1,584
Single modes 76 87.5 39 99.0 62 98.9 1,547
Truck 76 87.5 39 99.0 62 98.9 1,547
For-hire truck 63 72.4 32 80.8 50 79.9 1,551
Private truck S S S S S S 1,538
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes S S 1.0 1 1.1 1,589
Parcel, USPS or courier S S 1.0 1 1.1 1,589
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

Ohio

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 3,907 100.0 3,689 100.0 1,580 100.0 452
Single modes 3,444 88.1 3,668 99.4 1,570 99.4 458
Truck 3,070 78.6 1,564 42.4 641 40.6 416
For-hire truck 2,573 65.9 1,359 36.8 560 35.4 426
Private truck 398 10.2 190 5.2 76 4.8 347
Rail 188 4.8 2,101 57.0 928 58.8 606
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) 186 4.8 2 1 538
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 425 10.9 15 0.4 7 0.4 451
Parcel, USPS or courier 425 10.9 15 0.4 7 0.4 451
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 447

Oklahoma

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 390 100.0 225 100.0 257 100.0 1,142
Single modes 351 90.0 222 98.9 253 98.7 1,116
Truck 318 81.6 222 98.8 253 98.6 1,094
For-hire truck 307 78.6 215 95.7 242 94.3 1,083
Private truck S S S S S S 1,337
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 1,218
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 38 9.7 1 0.4 1 0.4 1,148
Parcel, USPS or courier 38 9.7 1 0.4 1 0.4 1,148
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 1,355

Oregon

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 345 100.0 88 100.0 253 100.0 2,851
Single modes 258 74.8 76 86.6 218 86.1 2,806
Truck 244 70.6 73 82.6 207 81.7 2,812
For-hire truck 244 70.6 73 82.6 207 81.7 2,812
Private truck S S S S S S 2,739
Rail S S S S S S 3,135
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 2,629
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes S S 2 2.7 7 2.8 2,869
Parcel, USPS or courier S S 1 1.6 4 1.7 2,869
Truck and rail S S S S S S 3,158
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 2,940

Pennsylvania

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 7,066 100.0 4,537 100.0 1,351 100.0 315
Single modes 6,420 90.9 4,508 99.4 1,342 99.4 300
Truck 6,201 87.8 3,197 70.5 817 60.5 259
For-hire truck 5,326 75.4 2,596 57.2 698 51.7 281
Private truck 873 12.4 600 13.2 119 8.8 205
Rail 114 1.6 1,310 28.9 525 38.8 332
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) 104 1.5 1 714
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 586 8.3 16 0.4 5 0.4 320
Parcel, USPS or courier 586 8.3 16 0.4 5 0.4 320
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes 60 0.9 S S S S 337

Rhode Island

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 313 100.0 39 100.0 22 100.0 576
Single modes 256 82.0 38 96.6 21 96.6 581
Truck 207 66.2 38 96.2 21 95.8 546
For-hire truck 182 58.1 29 74.6 16 74.8 548
Private truck S S S S S S 538
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 1,073
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 56 18.0 1 3.4 1 3.4 575
Parcel, USPS or courier 56 18.0 1 3.4 1 3.4 575
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

South Carolina

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 2,220 100.0 3,454 100.0 1,454 100.0 362
Single modes 1,933 87.1 3,447 99.8 1,451 99.8 332
Truck 1,667 75.1 1,073 31.1 370 25.5 324
For-hire truck 1,163 52.4 602 17.4 205 14.1 329
Private truck 504 22.7 471 13.6 166 11.4 313
Rail 252 11.4 2,372 68.7 1,079 74.2 414
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 882
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 283 12.8 6 0.2 3 0.2 384
Parcel, USPS or courier 283 12.8 6 0.2 3 0.2 384
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 406

South Dakota

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 37 100.0 S S S S 1,414
Single modes 17 46.7 S S S S 1,378
Truck 17 46.7 S S S S 1,378
For-hire truck 17 45.8 S S S S 1,379
Private truck S S S S S S 1,366
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 20 53.3 8.0 1 8.5 1,417
Parcel, USPS or courier 20 53.3 8.0 1 8.5 1,417
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

Tennessee

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 4,624 100.0 12,294 100.0 2,453 100.0 359
Single modes 4,048 87.5 12,276 99.9 2,443 99.6 198
Truck 3,753 81.2 2,297 18.7 561 22.9 189
For-hire truck 1,963 42.5 664 5.4 295 12.0 460
Private truck 1,790 38.7 1,633 13.3 266 10.8 127
Rail 291 6.3 9,979 81.2 1,882 76.7 620
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) 4 953
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes S S 11 6 0.2 527
Parcel, USPS or courier S S 11 6 0.2 527
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes 24 0.5 7 S S 460

Texas

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 3,898 100.0 916 100.0 1,249 100.0 1,329
Single modes 3,077 78.9 900 98.3 1,227 98.3 1,380
Truck 2,833 72.7 694 75.8 925 74.0 1,338
For-hire truck 2,682 68.8 605 66.1 806 64.5 1,340
Private truck 151 3.9 89 9.7 119 9.5 1,314
Rail 87 2.2 205 22.4 301 24.1 1,636
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) 157 4.0 1 0.1 1 0.1 1,430
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 722 18.5 12 1.3 17 1.4 1,315
Parcel, USPS or courier 722 18.5 12 1.3 17 1.4 1,315
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 1,415

Utah

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 288 100.0 45 100.0 92 100.0 2,144
Single modes 199 69.2 43 95.4 88 95.2 2,246
Truck 192 66.6 42 94.2 87 94.0 2,069
For-hire truck S S 38 86.0 79 85.8 2,069
Private truck S S S S S S 2,052
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) 7 2.6 S S S S 2,308
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 88 30.8 S S S S 2,114
Parcel, USPS or courier 88 30.8 S S S S 2,114
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 2,151

Vermont

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes S S 19 100.0 13 100.0 651
Single modes S S 18 96.3 S S 699
Truck S S 18 95.8 S S 673
For-hire truck S S S S S S 654
Private truck S S S S S S 680
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 1,127
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 622
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 622
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

Virginia

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 70,575 100.0 184,840 100.0 9,018 100.0 41
Single modes 65,250 92.5 181,689 98.3 8,887 98.6 38
Truck 64,531 91.4 171,279 92.7 5,507 61.1 38
For-hire truck 21,927 31.1 80,476 43.5 2,813 31.2 51
Private truck 42,347 60.0 90,489 49.0 2,684 29.8 36
Rail 593 0.8 8,755 4.7 3,268 36.2 190
Water 80 0.1 1,651 0.9 111 1.2 82
Shallow draft 61 1,567 0.8 106 1.2 83
Great Lakes
Deep draft S S S S S S 46
Air (including truck and air) 47 S S S S 313
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 2,748 3.9 S S S S 92
Parcel, USPS or courier 2,660 3.8 69 5 92
Truck and rail S S S S S S 216
Truck and water S S S S S S 481
Rail and water
Other multiple modes S S S S S S S
Other and unknown modes 2,577 3.7 S S 47 0.5 11

Washington

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 629 100.0 134 100.0 399 100.0 2,764
Single modes 262 41.6 97 72.4 283 71.0 2,688
Truck 234 37.2 67 50.0 188 47.3 2,758
For-hire truck 184 29.2 41 30.8 116 29.1 2,755
Private truck S S S S S S 2,816
Rail S S S S S S 3,100
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 2,622
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 2,772
Parcel, USPS or courier 157 24.9 4 2.7 10 2.6 2,772
Truck and rail S S S S S S 3,154
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 2,463

West Virginia

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 2,213 100.0 3,729 100.0 468 100.0 162
Single modes 1,954 88.3 3,696 99.1 462 98.9 134
Truck 1,946 87.9 3,352 89.9 414 88.6 134
For-hire truck 684 30.9 1,440 38.6 190 40.7 177
Private truck 1,262 57.0 1,912 51.3 224 47.9 125
Rail S S S S S S 140
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 126 5.7 3 1 0.2 215
Parcel, USPS or courier 126 5.7 3 1 0.2 215
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 167

Wisconsin

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 939 100.0 295 100.0 278 100.0 960
Single modes 795 84.7 291 98.7 274 98.6 998
Truck 704 75.0 226 76.8 207 74.5 907
For-hire truck 597 63.6 202 68.5 183 66.0 906
Private truck 107 11.4 24 8.2 S S 917
Rail S S S S S S 1,038
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 1,293
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 143 15.3 4 1.3 4 1.3 951
Parcel, USPS or courier 143 15.3 4 1.3 4 1.3 951
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 871

Wyoming

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 27 100.0 S S S S 1,927
Single modes S S S S S S 1,687
Truck S S S S S S 1,702
For-hire truck S S S S S S 1,702
Private truck
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 1,656
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 1,939
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 1,939
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

KEY:
– Represents data cell equal to zero or less than 1 unit of measure.
S Estimate does not meet publication standards because of high sampling variability or poor response quality.

1 Estimates represent activity for a given mode across single and multiple mode shipments. For example, "Truck" ton-miles includes total ton-miles for shipments moving only by truck plus ton-miles for truck segments of multiple mode shipments.
2 Ton-miles estimates are based on estimated distances traveled along a modeled transportation network. See "Mileage Calculations" section for additional information.
3 Estimates for pipeline exclude shipments of crude petroleum.

NOTES: Value-of-shipments estimates have not been adjusted for price changes. Appendix B tables provide estimated measures of sampling variability. The Introduction and appendixes give information on confidentiality protection, sampling error, nonsampling error, sample design, and definitions. Links to this information on the Internet may be found at www.census.gov/cfs. Coverage for the 2002 Commodity Flow Survey (CFS) differs from the previous surveys due to a change from the 1987 Standard Industrial Classification System to the 1997 North American Industry Classification System and other survey improvements. Therefore, data users are urged to use caution when comparing 2002 CFS estimates with estimates from prior years.

SOURCE: Bureau of Transportation Statistics (USDOT) and U.S. Census Bureau, 2002 Commodity Flow Survey, Individual State Data, December 2004.