Table 15 - Shipment Characteristics by Origin State and Mode of Transportation for State of Destination: 2002

Table 15 - Shipment Characteristics by Origin State and Mode of Transportation for State of Destination: 2002

[Estimates are based on data from the Commodity Flow Survey. Because of rounding, estimates may not be additive]

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Total

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 198,879 100.0 273,849 100.0 53,122 100.0 467
Single modes 171,421 86.2 266,892 97.5 48,706 91.7 191
Truck 161,263 81.1 225,657 82.4 24,243 45.6 163
For-hire truck 89,857 45.2 114,856 41.9 17,360 32.7 476
Private truck 71,042 35.7 110,258 40.3 6,793 12.8 76
Rail 5,637 2.8 38,564 14.1 24,068 45.3 857
Water 162 2,452 0.9 184 0.3 1,533
Shallow draft 102 2,356 0.9 171 0.3 83
Great Lakes
Deep draft 60 S S 13 5,585
Air (including truck and air) 4,308 2.2 30 31 1,369
Pipeline3 S S S S S S S
Multiple modes 23,256 11.7 3,888 1.4 4,097 7.7 776
Parcel, USPS or courier 21,502 10.8 631 0.2 443 0.8 775
Truck and Rail 1,297 0.7 1,291 0.5 1,052 2.0 1,049
Truck and water S S S S S S 1,098
Rail and water
Other multiple modes S S S S S S S
Other and unknown modes 4,202 2.1 3,069 1.1 319 0.6 122

Alabama

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 1,346 100.0 792 100.0 550 100.0 684
Single modes 1,094 81.3 782 98.7 543 98.8 667
Truck 992 73.7 513 64.7 337 61.2 657
For-hire truck 645 47.9 453 57.2 301 54.7 647
Private truck S S 60 7.6 36 6.5 689
Rail 98 7.3 269 34.0 207 37.6 765
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 944
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 161 12.0 3 0.4 2 0.4 687
Parcel, USPS or courier 161 12.0 3 0.4 2 0.4 687
Truck and Rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 668

Alaska

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes S S S S S S 3,025
Single modes S S S S S S 3,045
Truck S S S S S S 2,303
For-hire truck S S S S S S 2,303
Private truck
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 3,777
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 2,965
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 2,965
Truck and Rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

Arizona

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 493 100.0 16 100.0 36 100.0 2,245
Single modes 177 35.8 11 69.6 25 68.8 2,173
Truck 135 27.3 11 68.8 25 68.0 2,149
For-hire truck 135 27.3 11 68.8 25 68.0 2,149
Private truck
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S 0.8 2,249
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes S S 2 9.5 3 9.5 2,256
Parcel, USPS or courier S S 2 9.5 3 9.5 2,256
Truck and Rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 2,317

Arkansas

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 1,990 100.0 S S S S 993
Single modes S S 467 45.5 460 36.7 1,003
Truck S S 383 37.3 364 29.0 1,000
For-hire truck S S 341 33.2 320 25.5 1,007
Private truck 103 5.2 42 4.1 43 3.5 960
Rail 59 3.0 S S 94 7.5 1,145
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 1,132
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 985
Parcel, USPS or courier 24 1.2 1 0.1 1 983
Truck and Rail
Truck and water S S S S S S 1,427
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes 42 2.1 S S S S 961

California

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 7,744 100.0 438 100.0 1,225 100.0 2,685
Single modes 4,748 61.3 375 85.6 1,042 85.1 2,612
Truck 2,901 37.5 313 71.5 850 69.4 2,637
For-hire truck 2,555 33.0 298 68.0 808 66.0 2,637
Private truck S S S S S S 2,637
Rail S S S S S S 3,066
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 2,487
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 2,938 37.9 56 12.9 164 13.4 2,705
Parcel, USPS or courier 2,902 37.5 30 6.7 79 6.5 2,704
Truck and Rail 36 0.5 27 6.1 85 6.9 3,172
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes 57 0.7 7 1.6 18 1.5 2,621

Colorado

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 662 100.0 128 100.0 230 100.0 1,686
Single modes 380 57.4 125 97.7 225 97.8 1,819
Truck 275 41.6 61 47.7 101 43.8 1,638
For-hire truck 252 38.0 50 39.3 83 35.9 1,640
Private truck 23 3.5 S S S S 1,615
Rail S S S S S S 1,941
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 1,962
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 282 42.6 3 2.3 5 2.2 1,680
Parcel, USPS or courier 282 42.6 3 2.3 5 2.2 1,680
Truck and Rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 1,668

Connecticut

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 886 100.0 149 100.0 75 100.0 507
Single modes 582 65.7 132 89.1 65 86.8 701
Truck 559 63.1 115 77.3 53 70.1 451
For-hire truck 517 58.4 99 66.9 46 61.1 455
Private truck 42 4.7 S S S S 413
Rail S S S S S S 722
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 925
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 293 33.1 14 9.6 9 11.5 448
Parcel, USPS or courier 289 32.6 9 6.1 4 5.6 448
Truck and Rail S S S S S S 858
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 628

Delaware

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 526 100.0 744 100.0 164 100.0 152
Single modes 419 79.7 730 98.1 161 98.2 204
Truck 375 71.3 410 55.1 88 53.2 190
For-hire truck 256 48.7 201 27.0 49 29.9 238
Private truck 118 22.5 209 28.1 38 23.3 157
Rail 7 1.3 105 14.1 37 22.4 356
Water S S S S S S 172
Shallow draft S S S S S S 172
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 951
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 85 16.2 11 1.4 2 1.3 146
Parcel, USPS or courier 85 16.2 11 1.4 2 1.3 146
Truck and Rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 216

District of Columbia

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes S S S S 8 100.0 34
Single modes S S S S 8 99.5 33
Truck S S S S 8 99.5 33
For-hire truck S S 46 21.5 6 66.7 119
Private truck S S S S S S 30
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 789
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 6 0.4 0.2 0.1 56
Parcel, USPS or courier 6 0.4 0.2 0.1 56
Truck and Rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 15

Florida

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 2,854 100.0 712 100.0 562 100.0 894
Single modes 2,193 76.8 695 97.7 548 97.4 936
Truck 1,847 64.7 662 92.9 513 91.3 848
For-hire truck S S 568 79.8 427 76.0 847
Private truck 217 7.6 93 13.1 86 15.3 853
Rail S S S S S S 1,161
Water S S S S S S 800
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft S S S S S S 800
Air (including truck and air) S S 1 0.1 1,441
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 652 22.8 16 2.2 13 2.4 888
Parcel, USPS or courier 648 22.7 14 2.0 12 2.2 888
Truck and Rail S S S S S S 738
Truck and water S S S S S S 887
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 700

Georgia

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 3,709 100.0 3,043 100.0 1,668 100.0 531
Single modes 3,269 88.1 3,008 98.9 1,651 99.0 530
Truck 2,930 79.0 2,309 75.9 1,229 73.6 507
For-hire truck 2,535 68.4 2,088 68.6 1,117 67.0 501
Private truck 386 10.4 133 4.4 67 4.0 547
Rail 159 4.3 695 22.8 418 25.1 603
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 793
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 412 11.1 19 0.6 9 0.5 532
Parcel, USPS or courier 411 11.1 11 0.4 6 0.4 532
Truck and Rail S S S S S S 375
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S 15 0.5 8 0.5 514

Hawaii

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 14 100.0 100.0 100.0 5,349
Single modes S S S S S S 6,124
Truck
For-hire truck
Private truck
Rail
Water S S S S S S 7,564
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft S S S S S S 7,564
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 5,097
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 7 48.2 75.0 69.5 5,150
Parcel, USPS or courier 7 48.2 75.0 69.5 5,150
Truck and Rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

Idaho

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 372 100.0 79 100.0 205 100.0 2,245
Single modes S S 74 93.7 193 93.9 2,211
Truck S S 53 66.8 S S 2,426
For-hire truck S S 22 27.5 52 25.6 2,414
Private truck S S S S S S 2,446
Rail S S S S S S 2,795
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 2,199
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 2,313
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 2,312
Truck and Rail S S S S S S 2,479
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

Illinois

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 2,331 100.0 1,574 100.0 1,243 100.0 781
Single modes 1,539 66.0 1,458 92.6 1,137 91.5 792
Truck 1,417 60.8 741 47.1 546 43.9 786
For-hire truck 1,406 60.3 734 46.6 541 43.5 787
Private truck S S S S S S 683
Rail 114 4.9 716 45.5 591 47.5 909
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 844
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 785 33.7 116 7.4 105 8.5 779
Parcel, USPS or courier 636 27.3 77 4.9 S S 779
Truck and Rail S S 39 2.5 42 3.4 1,030
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 765

Indiana

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 4,079 100.0 1,195 100.0 761 100.0 674
Single modes 3,243 79.5 1,157 96.8 736 96.7 636
Truck 3,098 76.0 934 78.2 592 77.8 627
For-hire truck 2,905 71.2 791 66.2 511 67.1 625
Private truck 193 4.7 S S S S 642
Rail S S S S S S 782
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S 915
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 808 19.8 36 3.0 24 3.2 675
Parcel, USPS or courier 595 14.6 19 1.6 11 1.4 675
Truck and Rail S S S S S S 829
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 597

Iowa

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 591 100.0 290 100.0 305 100.0 1,038
Single modes 510 86.3 286 98.7 301 98.8 1,030
Truck 440 74.4 178 61.3 179 58.6 1,024
For-hire truck 390 66.0 155 53.5 156 51.0 1,037
Private truck 50 8.4 23 7.8 23 7.6 932
Rail S S 108 37.4 S S 1,325
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 948
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 79 13.4 4 1.2 4 1.2 1,040
Parcel, USPS or courier 79 13.4 3 1.2 3 1.1 1,040
Truck and Rail S S S S S S 1,437
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 1,113

Kansas

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 793 100.0 202 100.0 241 100.0 1,115
Single modes 746 94.0 194 96.3 229 95.2 1,163
Truck 642 81.0 168 83.0 198 82.3 1,145
For-hire truck 572 72.1 155 76.5 185 76.6 1,147
Private truck S S S S S S 1,077
Rail 82 10.4 S S S S 1,198
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S 0.1 1,187
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 47 6.0 S S S S 1,104
Parcel, USPS or courier 43 5.5 1 0.7 2 0.7 1,104
Truck and Rail S S S S S S 1,631
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 1,097

Kentucky

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 3,623 100.0 5,641 100.0 2,942 100.0 470
Single modes 3,393 93.6 5,602 99.3 2,925 99.4 408
Truck 3,132 86.4 1,316 23.3 571 19.4 387
For-hire truck S S 822 14.6 376 12.8 469
Private truck 902 24.9 493 8.7 195 6.6 341
Rail 233 6.4 4,285 76.0 2,353 80.0 417
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 699
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 216 6.0 S S S S 527
Parcel, USPS or courier 191 5.3 8 0.1 4 0.1 527
Truck and Rail S S S S S S 733
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S S

Louisiana

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 894 100.0 S S S S 1,093
Single modes 673 75.3 978 56.6 1,103 43.3 1,115
Truck 214 23.9 124 7.2 129 5.1 1,039
For-hire truck 201 22.5 119 6.9 123 4.8 1,039
Private truck S S S S S S 1,065
Rail 409 45.8 664 38.4 794 31.1 1,261
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 1,189
Pipeline3 S S S S S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 1,086
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 1,077
Truck and Rail
Truck and water S S S S S S 1,932
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

Maine

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 346 100.0 316 100.0 279 100.0 702
Single modes 257 74.2 314 99.4 278 99.5 747
Truck 156 45.2 148 46.8 121 43.3 705
For-hire truck 154 44.6 148 46.8 121 43.2 738
Private truck S S S S S S 630
Rail S S S S S S 942
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 1,230
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 89 25.6 2 0.6 1 0.5 699
Parcel, USPS or courier 89 25.6 2 0.6 1 0.5 699
Truck and Rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 737

Maryland

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 16,440 100.0 16,853 100.0 1,680 100.0 76
Single modes 15,491 94.2 16,768 99.5 1,673 99.6 66
Truck 15,380 93.6 15,163 90.0 1,386 82.5 64
For-hire truck 3,272 19.9 6,604 39.2 769 45.8 130
Private truck 12,106 73.6 8,557 50.8 617 36.7 58
Rail S S S S S S 252
Water S S S S S S 38
Shallow draft S S S S S S 38
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S 816
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 855 5.2 29 0.2 3 0.2 127
Parcel, USPS or courier 855 5.2 29 0.2 3 0.2 127
Truck and Rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes 95 0.6 S S S S 60

Massachusetts

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 2,842 100.0 266 100.0 151 100.0 550
Single modes 1,936 68.1 245 92.3 140 92.5 624
Truck 1,071 37.7 238 89.7 135 89.0 572
For-hire truck 990 34.8 227 85.4 128 84.8 560
Private truck 72 2.5 S S S S 608
Rail S S S S S S 498
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 973
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 889 31.3 19 7.1 11 7.1 537
Parcel, USPS or courier 889 31.3 19 7.1 11 7.1 537
Truck and Rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 468

Michigan

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 4,403 100.0 1,223 100.0 938 100.0 671
Single modes 3,855 87.5 1,173 95.9 902 96.1 710
Truck 2,814 63.9 611 49.9 437 46.5 685
For-hire truck 2,106 47.8 489 40.0 362 38.5 683
Private truck 708 16.1 122 10.0 75 8.0 701
Rail 1,019 23.1 S S 464 49.5 898
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 869
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 653
Parcel, USPS or courier 200 4.5 9 0.7 6 0.6 653
Truck and Rail S S S S S S 732
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S 15 1.2 10 1.1 679

Minnesota

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 1,628 100.0 S S 1,174 100.0 1,160
Single modes 910 55.9 S S S S 1,186
Truck 782 48.0 S S S S 1,184
For-hire truck 584 35.9 226 23.2 268 22.8 1,222
Private truck 196 12.0 S S S S 1,156
Rail S S S S S S 1,417
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) 64 3.9 1 1 1,191
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes S S 23 2.4 30 2.5 1,155
Parcel, USPS or courier S S 15 1.5 S S 1,155
Truck and Rail S S S S S S 1,351
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 1,116

Mississippi

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes S S 502 100.0 454 100.0 782
Single modes S S 499 99.4 451 99.3 777
Truck S S 319 63.6 271 59.7 760
For-hire truck S S 282 56.1 238 52.5 753
Private truck 36 1.5 S S S S 812
Rail 91 3.7 179 35.8 180 39.7 979
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 1,038
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 795
Parcel, USPS or courier 13 0.5 1 0.1 1 0.1 794
Truck and Rail S S S S S S 1,057
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 976

Missouri

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 1,150 100.0 723 100.0 789 100.0 941
Single modes 671 58.3 644 89.1 S S 986
Truck 584 50.8 264 36.5 234 29.7 999
For-hire truck 536 46.6 249 34.5 219 27.8 1,004
Private truck 48 4.2 S S 15 1.9 919
Rail S S S S S S 1,246
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 861
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 438 38.1 77 10.6 81 10.2 938
Parcel, USPS or courier 304 26.5 19 2.6 17 2.2 938
Truck and Rail S S S S S S 1,104
Truck and water S S S S S S 985
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 820

Montana

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 22 100.0 S S S S 2,108
Single modes S S S S S S 2,162
Truck S S 18 20.9 41 19.7 2,156
For-hire truck S S 16 18.5 36 17.4 2,156
Private truck S S S S S S 2,159
Rail S S S S S S 2,387
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 1,831
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 9 42.4 0.2 0.2 2,105
Parcel, USPS or courier 9 42.4 0.2 0.2 2,105
Truck and Rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

Nebraska

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 284 100.0 83 100.0 109 100.0 1,277
Single modes 222 78.3 76 91.5 99 91.1 1,248
Truck 222 78.0 75 90.8 98 90.3 1,246
For-hire truck 202 71.0 73 87.4 95 86.8 1,248
Private truck S S S S S S 1,202
Rail S S S S S S 1,562
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 1,324
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 62 21.7 6 7.4 8 7.8 1,281
Parcel, USPS or courier 30 10.5 S S S S 1,280
Truck and Rail S S 3 3.6 5 4.2 1,524
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 1,374

Nevada

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 107 100.0 17 100.0 42 100.0 2,570
Single modes 57 53.2 16 92.5 39 92.5 2,575
Truck 53 49.7 16 92.4 39 92.4 2,548
For-hire truck 53 49.7 16 92.4 39 92.4 2,548
Private truck
Rail S S S S S S 2,911
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S 0.1 0.1 2,525
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 50 46.8 S S S S 2,567
Parcel, USPS or courier 50 46.8 S S S S 2,558
Truck and Rail S S S S S S 2,771
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

New Hampshire

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 466 100.0 145 100.0 89 100.0 612
Single modes 340 73.0 136 93.9 84 93.8 631
Truck 259 55.5 130 89.5 80 89.2 615
For-hire truck 237 50.9 122 84.2 S S 619
Private truck S S S S S S 558
Rail
Water S S S S S S 642
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft S S S S S S 642
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 872
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 125 26.8 2 1.3 1 1.3 609
Parcel, USPS or courier 125 26.8 2 1.3 1 1.3 609
Truck and Rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 659

New Jersey

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 6,460 100.0 1,501 100.0 464 100.0 330
Single modes 5,078 78.6 1,448 96.5 445 96.0 298
Truck 4,900 75.8 1,257 83.8 344 74.2 288
For-hire truck 4,021 62.2 994 66.2 266 57.3 289
Private truck 878 13.6 263 17.5 78 16.9 286
Rail S S S S S S 527
Water S S S S S S 302
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft S S S S S S 302
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 1,303 20.2 37 2.5 13 2.9 340
Parcel, USPS or courier 1,303 20.2 37 2.5 13 2.9 340
Truck and Rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 343

New Mexico

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 58 100.0 S S S S 1,926
Single modes S S S S S S 2,177
Truck S S S S S S 1,936
For-hire truck S S S S S S 1,936
Private truck
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 2,342
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 7 11.5 S S S S 1,883
Parcel, USPS or courier 7 11.5 S S S S 1,883
Truck and Rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 1,831

New York

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 5,962 100.0 1,064 100.0 500 100.0 430
Single modes 4,310 72.3 1,026 96.5 485 97.0 517
Truck 4,134 69.3 946 88.9 427 85.4 444
For-hire truck 3,310 55.5 785 73.8 350 70.0 450
Private truck 820 13.8 154 14.4 73 14.7 408
Rail S S S S S S 722
Water S S S S S S 518
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft S S S S S S 518
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 779
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 1,431 24.0 19 1.8 7 1.5 404
Parcel, USPS or courier 1,431 24.0 19 1.8 7 1.5 404
Truck and Rail
Truck and water S S S S S S 559
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes 220 3.7 19 1.7 7 1.5 392

North Carolina

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 15,690 100.0 12,680 100.0 2,072 100.0 227
Single modes 14,992 95.6 12,559 99.0 2,044 98.7 189
Truck 14,924 95.1 12,170 96.0 1,925 92.9 188
For-hire truck 10,185 64.9 7,570 59.7 1,278 61.7 224
Private truck 4,681 29.8 4,496 35.5 630 30.4 148
Rail S S S S S S 347
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 718
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 591 3.8 37 0.3 10 0.5 256
Parcel, USPS or courier 589 3.8 34 0.3 8 0.4 256
Truck and Rail
Truck and water S S S S S S 574
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes 107 0.7 84 0.7 18 0.9 191

North Dakota

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 116 100.0 S S S S 1,393
Single modes 109 94.6 S S S S 1,541
Truck 50 43.4 S S S S 1,517
For-hire truck 17 15.0 S S S S 1,405
Private truck S S S S S S 1,564
Rail S S S S S S 1,581
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 1,314
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 6 5.3 1,382
Parcel, USPS or courier 6 5.3 1,382
Truck and Rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 1,521

Ohio

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 4,244 100.0 2,781 100.0 1,455 100.0 468
Single modes 3,148 74.2 2,679 96.4 1,396 95.9 479
Truck 2,946 69.4 1,849 66.5 837 57.5 473
For-hire truck 2,251 53.0 1,550 55.7 698 48.0 482
Private truck 694 16.4 299 10.8 138 9.5 454
Rail 178 4.2 830 29.8 559 38.4 677
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S 535
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 1,079 25.4 74 2.7 46 3.1 465
Parcel, USPS or courier 933 22.0 35 1.3 16 1.1 465
Truck and Rail 146 3.4 39 1.4 30 2.0 779
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes 17 0.4 S S S S 494

Oklahoma

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 602 100.0 184 100.0 235 100.0 1,285
Single modes 528 87.7 181 98.2 231 98.2 1,285
Truck 352 58.5 S S S S 1,304
For-hire truck 294 48.9 S S S S 1,222
Private truck S S S S S S 1,381
Rail S S S S S S 1,479
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 1,183
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 65 10.7 3 1.4 3 1.4 1,268
Parcel, USPS or courier 65 10.7 3 1.4 3 1.4 1,268
Truck and Rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 1,404

Oregon

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 448 100.0 78 100.0 238 100.0 2,924
Single modes 315 70.4 61 77.3 178 75.0 2,700
Truck 289 64.6 48 61.2 136 57.2 2,861
For-hire truck 263 58.7 48 61.0 136 57.1 2,861
Private truck S S S S S S 2,967
Rail S S S S S S 3,335
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 2,589
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 132 29.6 S S S S 2,956
Parcel, USPS or courier 111 24.8 3 4.1 S S 2,955
Truck and Rail S S S S S S 3,422
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 2,951

Pennsylvania

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 10,755 100.0 9,300 100.0 4,531 100.0 249
Single modes 9,483 88.2 9,214 99.1 4,510 99.5 248
Truck 9,194 85.5 3,878 41.7 1,034 22.8 244
For-hire truck 7,139 66.4 2,409 25.9 707 15.6 288
Private truck 2,046 19.0 1,453 15.6 322 7.1 186
Rail 261 2.4 S S S S 553
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S 592
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 1,178 11.0 51 0.5 12 0.3 249
Parcel, USPS or courier 1,178 11.0 51 0.5 12 0.3 249
Truck and Rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes 94 0.9 35 0.4 9 0.2 228

Rhode Island

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 543 100.0 S S S S 480
Single modes S S S S S S 531
Truck S S S S S S 520
For-hire truck S S S S S S 530
Private truck S S S S S S 446
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 853
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 144 26.5 4 5.7 2 5.0 469
Parcel, USPS or courier 144 26.5 4 5.7 2 5.0 469
Truck and Rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 605

South Carolina

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 2,970 100.0 2,167 100.0 717 100.0 362
Single modes 2,704 91.0 2,089 96.4 695 97.0 328
Truck 2,654 89.4 1,852 85.5 610 85.1 325
For-hire truck 1,777 59.8 1,531 70.6 503 70.2 371
Private truck 871 29.3 319 14.7 106 14.7 253
Rail 47 1.6 237 10.9 85 11.8 364
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 813
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 189 6.4 6 0.3 2 0.3 386
Parcel, USPS or courier 189 6.4 6 0.3 2 0.3 386
Truck and Rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes 77 2.6 71 3.3 S S 252

South Dakota

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 95 100.0 86 100.0 144 100.0 1,487
Single modes 85 89.3 85 98.9 142 99.0 1,427
Truck 83 87.7 50 58.3 78 54.0 1,413
For-hire truck 79 82.9 49 57.5 77 53.3 1,393
Private truck S S 1 0.9 1 0.7 1,451
Rail 1 1.2 35 40.5 65 45.0 1,853
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 1,416
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 9 9.0 0.3 S S 1,514
Parcel, USPS or courier 9 9.0 0.3 S S 1,514
Truck and Rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 1,374

Tennessee

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 6,931 100.0 2,430 100.0 928 100.0 545
Single modes 5,788 83.5 2,395 98.5 903 97.3 327
Truck 5,616 81.0 2,199 90.5 787 84.8 288
For-hire truck 3,876 55.9 1,152 47.4 569 61.3 503
Private truck 1,741 25.1 1,047 43.1 218 23.5 143
Rail S S S S S S 566
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) 73 1.1 783
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 964 13.9 13 0.5 8 0.8 674
Parcel, USPS or courier 964 13.9 13 0.5 8 0.8 674
Truck and Rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S S

Texas

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 4,186 100.0 2,116 100.0 3,052 100.0 1,346
Single modes 3,173 75.8 1,952 92.3 2,718 89.0 1,347
Truck 2,425 57.9 995 47.0 1,300 42.6 1,331
For-hire truck 2,354 56.2 940 44.4 1,237 40.5 1,334
Private truck 66 1.6 49 2.3 55 1.8 1,293
Rail 563 13.4 S S S S 1,478
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 1,411
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 946 22.6 S S S S 1,346
Parcel, USPS or courier 902 21.5 S S 22 0.7 1,346
Truck and Rail
Truck and water S S S S S S 2,185
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 1,366

Utah

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 356 100.0 74 100.0 150 100.0 2,125
Single modes 130 36.4 67 91.1 135 90.4 2,167
Truck 113 31.9 67 90.9 135 90.2 2,126
For-hire truck 110 30.8 66 89.1 133 88.5 2,145
Private truck S S S S S S 2,009
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S 0.2 0.2 2,185
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 2,115
Parcel, USPS or courier S S 5 6.7 11 7.1 2,115
Truck and Rail S S S S S S 2,359
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 2,147

Vermont

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 121 100.0 225 100.0 S S 605
Single modes 68 56.2 S S S S 680
Truck 46 37.8 S S S S 657
For-hire truck 40 33.4 S S S S 656
Private truck S S S S S S 660
Rail S S S S S S 712
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 1,053
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 51 42.2 S S S S 600
Parcel, USPS or courier 51 42.2 S S S S 600
Truck and Rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 768

Virginia

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 70,575 100.0 184,840 100.0 9,018 100.0 41
Single modes 65,250 92.5 181,689 98.3 8,887 98.6 38
Truck 64,531 91.4 171,279 92.7 5,507 61.1 38
For-hire truck 21,927 31.1 80,476 43.5 2,813 31.2 51
Private truck 42,347 60.0 90,489 49.0 2,684 29.8 36
Rail 593 0.8 8,755 4.7 3,268 36.2 190
Water 80 0.1 1,651 0.9 111 1.2 82
Shallow draft 61 1,567 0.8 106 1.2 83
Great Lakes
Deep draft S S S S S S 46
Air (including truck and air) 47 S S S S 313
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 2,748 3.9 S S S S 92
Parcel, USPS or courier 2,660 3.8 69 5 92
Truck and Rail S S S S S S 216
Truck and water S S S S S S 481
Rail and water
Other multiple modes S S S S S S S
Other and unknown modes 2,577 3.7 S S 47 0.5 11

Washington

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 746 100.0 161 100.0 471 100.0 2,801
Single modes 447 60.0 116 72.1 331 70.4 2,856
Truck S S 100 62.3 282 60.0 2,861
For-hire truck S S 63 39.1 175 37.1 2,861
Private truck S S S S S S 2,879
Rail S S S S S S 3,036
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 2,759
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 299 40.0 44 27.3 137 29.0 2,797
Parcel, USPS or courier 289 38.7 12 7.5 33 7.0 2,796
Truck and Rail S S 32 19.8 104 22.1 3,257
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 2,806

West Virginia

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 1,612 100.0 12,317 100.0 5,524 100.0 182
Single modes 1,499 93.0 11,346 92.1 4,954 89.7 142
Truck 1,112 69.0 1,891 15.4 322 5.8 136
For-hire truck 661 41.0 1,131 9.2 235 4.3 212
Private truck 451 28.0 760 6.2 87 1.6 107
Rail 386 24.0 9,455 76.8 4,633 83.9 393
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 791
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 98 6.1 S S S S 226
Parcel, USPS or courier 71 4.4 4 S S 212
Truck and Rail S S S S S S 610
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 143

Wisconsin

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 1,903 100.0 S S S S 942
Single modes 1,355 71.2 S S S S 932
Truck 1,161 61.0 439 20.5 S S 926
For-hire truck 1,054 55.4 409 19.1 405 14.7 923
Private truck 106 5.6 30 1.4 31 1.1 942
Rail S S S S S S 1,361
Water S S S S S S 3,178
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft S S S S S S 3,178
Air (including truck and air) S S 904
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 386 20.3 28 1.3 28 1.0 942
Parcel, USPS or courier 360 18.9 19 0.9 18 0.7 942
Truck and Rail 26 1.4 S S S S 1,100
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 983

Wyoming

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 28 100.0 29 100.0 54 100.0 1,684
Single modes 10 36.1 S S S S 1,913
Truck 9 33.4 22 75.6 40 73.6 1,834
For-hire truck 9 33.4 22 75.6 40 73.6 1,834
Private truck
Rail S S S S S S 2,044
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 2,053
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 18 63.9 S S S S 1,682
Parcel, USPS or courier 18 63.9 S S S S 1,682
Truck and Rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

KEY:
– Represents data cell equal to zero or less than 1 unit of measure.
S Estimate does not meet publication standards because of high sampling variability or poor response quality.

1 Estimates represent activity for a given mode across single and multiple mode shipments. For example, "Truck" ton-miles includes total ton-miles for shipments moving only by truck plus ton-miles for truck segments of multiple mode shipments.
2 Ton-miles estimates are based on estimated distances traveled along a modeled transportation network. See "Mileage Calculations" section for additional information.
3 Estimates for pipeline exclude shipments of crude petroleum.

NOTES: Value-of-shipments estimates have not been adjusted for price changes. Appendix B tables provide estimated measures of sampling variability. The Introduction and appendixes give information on confidentiality protection, sampling error, nonsampling error, sample design, and definitions. Links to this information on the Internet may be found at www.census.gov/cfs. Coverage for the 2002 Commodity Flow Survey (CFS) differs from the previous surveys due to a change from the 1987 Standard Industrial Classification System to the 1997 North American Industry Classification System and other survey improvements. Therefore, data users are urged to use caution when comparing 2002 CFS estimates with estimates from prior years.

SOURCE: Bureau of Transportation Statistics (USDOT) and U.S. Census Bureau, 2002 Commodity Flow Survey, Individual State Data, December 2004.