Table 20 - Shipment Characteristics by Commodity Group and Mode of Transportation for State of Origin: 2002 and 1997

Table 20 - Shipment Characteristics by Commodity Group and Mode of Transportation for State of Origin: 2002 and 1997

[Estimates are based on data from the Commodity Flow Survey. Because of rounding, estimates may not be additive]

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All Commodities2

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles per shipment
2002
(million $)
1997
(million $)
Percent Change 1997-2002 2002
(thousands)
1997
(thousands)
Percent Change 1997-2002 2002
(millions)
1997
(millions)
Percent change 1997-2002 2002 (average miles) 1997 (average miles) Percent change 1997-2002
All modes 164,557 122,527 34.3 268,935 236,721 13.6 44,113 47,600 −7.3 441 468 −5.7
Single modes 144,336 107,216 34.6 263,668 228,997 15.1 42,235 44,052 −4.1 183 180 1.6
Truck 137,943 102,857 34.1 216,324 178,989 20.9 23,392 20,254 15.5 144 135 6.1
Rail 3,206 2,474 29.6 45,359 49,002 −7.4 18,637 23,680 −21.3 549 560 −1.9
Water S 160 S 1,947 674 188.7 166 76 119.2 87 S S
Air (including truck and air) 3,069 1,655 85.5 38 27 41.7 39 39 −0.2 1,312 1,582 −17.1
Pipeline S 70 S S S S S S S S S S
Multiple modes 16,395 12,396 32.3 2,467 4,050 −39.1 1,714 1,994 −14.1 834 817 2.1
Parcel, USPS or courier 14,902 11,747 26.9 337 298 13.2 231 199 15.9 834 817 2.1
Truck and Rail S S S S S S S S S 1,905 1,450 31.4
Other multiple modes S 254 S S 3,547 S S 1,539 S S S S
Other and unknown modes 3,826 2,914 31.3 S 3,673 S 164 S S S 50 S

SCTG 01-05, Agriculture products and fish

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles per shipment
2002
(million $)
1997
(million $)
Percent Change 1997-2002 2002
(thousands)
1997
(thousands)
Percent Change 1997-2002 2002
(millions)
1997
(millions)
Percent change 1997-2002 2002 (average miles) 1997 (average miles) Percent change 1997-2002
All modes 7,780 8,365 −7 8,198 10,860 −24.5 3,484 3,376 3.2 148 80 84.7
Single modes 7,281 7,932 −8.2 7,323 9,411 −22.2 3,178 2,054 54.7 132 76 74.5
Truck 7,224 7,708 −6.3 6,744 8,084 −16.6 2,915 1,561 86.7 131 75 74.8
Rail S 150 S S 932 S S 440 S 496 453 9.4
Water S S S S S S 132
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S S S S 774 1,114 −30.6
Pipeline S S S S S S
Multiple modes S S S 404 40 905 S S S 1,247 344 262.3
Parcel, USPS or courier S 6 S S 1 S S S 1,304 337 286.6
Truck and Rail S S S S 23 S S S S 848 1,715 −50.5
Other multiple modes S S S S S S S S S S 91 S
Other and unknown modes S 384 S S S S S S S S 64 S

SCTG 06-09, Grains, alcohol, and tobacco products

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles per shipment
2002
(million $)
1997
(million $)
Percent Change 1997-2002 2002
(thousands)
1997
(thousands)
Percent Change 1997-2002 2002
(millions)
1997
(millions)
Percent change 1997-2002 2002 (average miles) 1997 (average miles) Percent change 1997-2002
All modes 26,024 19,944 30.5 12,272 11,268 8.9 3,849 3,058 25.9 234 98 138.8
Single modes 25,247 19,525 29.3 12,144 11,077 9.6 3,524 3,002 17.4 163 59 174.2
Truck 24,692 19,348 27.6 11,137 10,975 1.5 3,093 2,895 6.8 160 59 172.2
Rail 556 178 212.7 S 103 S S 106 S S 1,264 S
Water
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline S S S S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S S S S 801 1,047 −23.5
Parcel, USPS or courier S 31 S S 4 S S 4 S 791 1,044 −24.2
Truck and Rail S S S S S S S S S 3,058 2,672 14.4
Other multiple modes S S S S S S 5,846
Other and unknown modes S 209 S S 180 S S S S S S S

SCTG 10-14, Stones, non-metallic minerals, and metallic ores

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles per shipment
2002
(million $)
1997
(million $)
Percent Change 1997-2002 2002
(thousands)
1997
(thousands)
Percent Change 1997-2002 2002
(millions)
1997
(millions)
Percent change 1997-2002 2002 (average miles) 1997 (average miles) Percent change 1997-2002
All modes 934 622 50.2 88,645 74,591 18.8 3,448 2,092 64.8 33 24 38.1
Single modes 922 604 52.6 88,226 73,455 20.1 3,364 2,046 64.4 29 24 23.2
Truck 823 575 43.1 84,571 71,235 18.7 2,267 1,669 35.8 27 23 17.1
Rail 78 29 164.1 2,227 2,220 0.3 980 378 159.6 456 S S
Water S S S S S S 89
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline S S S S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S S S S 1,409 136 938
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S S S S 1,226 136 802.9
Truck and Rail
Other multiple modes S S S S S S 3,921
Other and unknown modes S 16 S 61 S S S S S S 37 S

SCTG 15-19, Coal and petroleum products

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles per shipment
2002
(million $)
1997
(million $)
Percent Change 1997-2002 2002
(thousands)
1997
(thousands)
Percent Change 1997-2002 2002
(millions)
1997
(millions)
Percent change 1997-2002 2002 (average miles) 1997 (average miles) Percent change 1997-2002
All modes 8,800 7,300 20.5 77,888 82,709 −5.8 16,339 25,117 −34.9 26 46 −43.3
Single modes 8,454 7,110 18.9 76,678 78,947 −2.9 15,732 23,612 −33.4 26 46 −45
Truck 7,218 5,692 26.8 39,091 35,525 10 1,313 2,131 −38.4 24 45 −46
Rail 1,236 1,350 −8.4 37,587 43,198 −13 14,419 21,473 −32.8 384 462 −17.1
Water S S S S S S 49
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline S S S S S S S S S S
Multiple modes S 124 S S 3,518 S S 1,499 S 154 S S
Parcel, USPS or courier 3 1 104.4 1 910.9 291.3 150 S S
Truck and Rail
Other multiple modes S 122 S S 3,518 S S 1,499 S 513 414 23.8
Other and unknown modes 9 S S S S S S S S S S S

SCTG 20-24, Pharmaceutical and chemical products

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles per shipment
2002
(million $)
1997
(million $)
Percent Change 1997-2002 2002
(thousands)
1997
(thousands)
Percent Change 1997-2002 2002
(millions)
1997
(millions)
Percent change 1997-2002 2002 (average miles) 1997 (average miles) Percent change 1997-2002
All modes 18,727 15,222 23 7,738 6,960 11.2 3,424 1,934 77 361 295 22.2
Single modes 17,826 13,402 33 7,592 6,686 13.6 3,345 1,737 92.5 188 114 64
Truck 17,397 13,173 32.1 6,344 6,313 0.5 2,302 1,629 41.3 183 110 66.8
Rail 381 122 212.2 1,136 134 744.9 1,030 97 958.2 1,025 720 42.4
Water S S S S S S S S S 84 102 −17.9
Air (including truck and air) 36 46 −20.4 S 3 S S S S 1,062 1,157 −8.2
Pipeline S S S S S S S S S S
Multiple modes 717 1,487 −51.7 46 S S 59 S S 706 509 38.6
Parcel, USPS or courier 638 1,288 −50.5 18 29 −39.8 12 14 −18 705 509 38.5
Truck and Rail 34 S S 15 S S 45 S S 3,039 953 218.7
Other multiple modes S S S S S S 351
Other and unknown modes 184 333 −44.8 S 103 S 21 44 −51.8 S S S

SCTG 25-30, Logs, wood products, and textile and leather

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles per shipment
2002
(million $)
1997
(million $)
Percent Change 1997-2002 2002
(thousands)
1997
(thousands)
Percent Change 1997-2002 2002
(millions)
1997
(millions)
Percent change 1997-2002 2002 (average miles) 1997 (average miles) Percent change 1997-2002
All modes 25,300 24,125 4.9 34,042 21,155 60.9 6,072 5,855 3.7 740 694 6.6
Single modes 20,218 21,608 −6.4 33,761 20,851 61.9 5,956 5,701 4.5 302 473 −36.1
Truck 19,577 21,094 −7.2 32,644 19,782 65 5,262 5,140 2.4 282 342 −17.6
Rail 555 388 43.2 1,099 1,059 3.8 678 548 23.6 623 517 20.5
Water S S S S S S S S S 1 357 −99.7
Air (including truck and air) 83 124 −32.7 14 7 96.4 16 12 29.9 1,129 1,893 −40.4
Pipeline S S S S S S S S S S
Multiple modes 3,812 2,138 78.3 118 114 3.1 94 113 −16.6 972 856 13.6
Parcel, USPS or courier 3,802 2,107 80.4 110 90 22.1 76 57 33.6 972 856 13.6
Truck and Rail 10 S S 8 S S 17 S S 1,928 1,977 −2.5
Other multiple modes S S S S S S S S S 5,252 74 S
Other and unknown modes 1,270 379 235.1 163 190 −14 23 41 −44.5 S 53 S

SCTG 31-34, Base metal and machinery

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles per shipment
2002
(million $)
1997
(million $)
Percent Change 1997-2002 2002
(thousands)
1997
(thousands)
Percent Change 1997-2002 2002
(millions)
1997
(millions)
Percent change 1997-2002 2002 (average miles) 1997 (average miles) Percent change 1997-2002
All modes 17,486 13,129 33.2 24,676 17,920 37.7 4,000 2,711 47.5 243 214 13.8
Single modes 15,877 11,617 36.7 24,500 17,710 38.3 3,825 2,630 45.4 144 107 34.3
Truck 15,245 11,360 34.2 22,385 17,175 30.3 2,984 2,382 25.3 128 98 30.3
Rail S 73 S 1,702 410 315.3 796 228 248.4 S 885 S
Water S 16 S S 119 S S S S 78 125 −37.4
Air (including truck and air) 229 159 43.7 6 4 55.9 5 5 −1.8 1,144 1,055 8.5
Pipeline S S S S S S S S S S S S
Multiple modes 1,276 1,170 9.1 92 39 138.4 S 36 S 548 485 12.9
Parcel, USPS or courier 1,243 1,155 7.6 37 35 7.7 19 17 11.7 548 484 13.2
Truck and Rail S S S S S S S S S 749 372 101.2
Other multiple modes S 14 S S S S S 18 S 80 7,135 −98.9
Other and unknown modes 332 342 −3 85 172 −50.8 S 45 S S 51 S

SCTG 35-38, Electronic, motorized vehicles, and precision instruments

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles per shipment
2002
(million $)
1997
(million $)
Percent Change 1997-2002 2002
(thousands)
1997
(thousands)
Percent Change 1997-2002 2002
(millions)
1997
(millions)
Percent change 1997-2002 2002 (average miles) 1997 (average miles) Percent change 1997-2002
All modes 29,606 19,320 53.2 3,006 1,784 68.5 1,369 982 39.3 567 421 34.6
Single modes 21,970 13,411 63.8 2,779 1,607 72.9 1,298 901 44 291 183 58.5
Truck 19,293 12,180 58.4 2,768 1,596 73.4 1,285 890 44.5 S 97 S
Rail S S S S S S S S S 1,259 S S
Water S S S S S S 13
Air (including truck and air) 2,672 1,230 117.1 8 11 −28.9 9 12 −19.5 1,363 1,251 8.9
Pipeline S S S S S S S S S S
Multiple modes 6,413 5,050 27 80 69 16.1 62 58 6.6 820 731 12.2
Parcel, USPS or courier 6,407 5,005 28 79 60 31.4 59 40 46.3 820 730 12.3
Truck and Rail S 45 S S 9 S S 18 S 3,082 1,593 93.5
Other multiple modes S S S S S S 504
Other and unknown modes 1,223 860 42.3 146 108 35.9 9 23 −63.2 S 48 S

SCTG 39-43, Furniture, mixed freight and misc. manufactured products

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles per shipment
2002
(million $)
1997
(million $)
Percent Change 1997-2002 2002
(thousands)
1997
(thousands)
Percent Change 1997-2002 2002
(millions)
1997
(millions)
Percent change 1997-2002 2002 (average miles) 1997 (average miles) Percent change 1997-2002
All modes 29,716 13,603 118.4 12,236 9,099 34.5 2,077 2,333 −10.9 370 820 −54.9
Single modes 26,380 11,261 134.3 10,442 8,888 17.5 1,964 2,241 −12.4 167 292 −42.9
Truck 26,314 11,054 138 10,417 7,954 31 1,921 1,839 4.5 162 229 −29.3
Rail S 112 S S 932 S S 401 S S 668 S
Water
Air (including truck and air) 49 S S S S S S 2 S 971 1,658 −41.4
Pipeline S S S S S S S S S S
Multiple modes 2,691 2,087 29 86 87 −1.1 85 73 15.9 775 1,023 −24.2
Parcel, USPS or courier 2,691 2,071 29.9 76 76 0.5 54 65 −18.2 775 1,023 −24.2
Truck and Rail S S S S S S S S S 3,247 1,592 104
Other multiple modes S S S S S S S S
Other and unknown modes S 255 S S S S S 18 S S S S

Commodity Unknown

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles per shipment
2002
(million $)
1997
(million $)
Percent Change 1997-2002 2002
(thousands)
1997
(thousands)
Percent Change 1997-2002 2002
(millions)
1997
(millions)
Percent change 1997-2002 2002 (average miles) 1997 (average miles) Percent change 1997-2002
All modes 186 S S 234 S S 50 S S S 381 S
Single modes 161 S S 223 S S S S S S S S
Truck 161 S S 223 S S S S S S 158 S
Rail S S S S S S 1,445
Water
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S S S S 436 1,285 −66.1
Pipeline S S S S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S S S S 828 430 92.6
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S S S S 828 430 92.6
Truck and Rail
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S S S S S S S

KEY:
– Represents data cell equal to zero or less than 1 unit of measure.
S Estimate does not meet publication standards because of high sampling variability or poor response quality.

1 Ton-miles estimates are based on estimated distances traveled along a modeled transportation network. See "Mileage Calculations" section for additional information.
2 Estimates exclude shipments of crude petroleum (SCTG 16).

NOTES: Value-of-shipments estimates have not been adjusted for price changes. Appendix B tables provide estimated measures of sampling variability. The Introduction and appendixes give information on confidentiality protection, sampling error, nonsampling error, sample design, and definitions. Links to this information on the Internet may be found at www.census.gov/cfs. Coverage for the 2002 Commodity Flow Survey (CFS) differs from the previous surveys due to a change from the 1987 Standard Industrial Classification System to the 1997 North American Industry Classification System and other survey improvements. Therefore, data users are urged to use caution when comparing 2002 CFS estimates with estimates from prior years.

SOURCE: Bureau of Transportation Statistics (USDOT) and U.S. Census Bureau, 2002 Commodity Flow Survey, Individual State Data, December 2004.