Table B-6. Estimated Measures of Reliability for Shipment Characteristics by Two-Digit Commodity and Mode of Transportation for State of Origin: 2002

Table B-6. Estimated Measures of Reliability for Shipment Characteristics by Two-Digit Commodity and Mode of Transportation for State of Origin: 2002

[Estimates are based on data from the Commodity Flow Survey. Because of rounding, estimates may not be additive]

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All Commodities

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes 8.5 5.1 6.6 8.0
Single modes 9.9 2.1 4.7 0.7 5.8 1.4 12.5
Truck 10.5 2.2 5.0 2.1 5.9 3.1 14.6
For-hire truck 9.3 3.4 8.4 2.1 8.2 2.9 14.7
Private truck 19.3 3.7 7.9 2.8 13.1 2.0 8.1
Rail 13.7 0.3 12.6 1.7 11.0 2.6 8.2
Water S S 46.6 0.4 45.7 0.2 22.3
Shallow draft S S 49.7 0.4 48.1 0.2 22.4
Great Lakes
Deep draft S S S S S S 31.1
Air (including truck and air) 16.3 0.4 12.0 16.7 7.2
Pipeline S S S S S S S
Multiple modes 16.5 1.9 46.1 0.3 42.9 1.3 4.5
Parcel, USPS or courier 18.4 2.0 15.5 12.9 4.5
Truck and rail S S S S S S 22.0
Truck and water S S S S S S S
Rail and water S S S S S S 31.6
Other Multiple modes S S S S S S 38.5
Other and unknown modes 15.0 0.4 S S 34.3 0.1 S

SCTG 1, Live animals and live fish

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes S S S S S S 31.6
Single modes S S S S S S 31.6
Truck S S S S S S 31.6
For-hire truck S S S S S S 31.6
Private truck
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes
Parcel, USPS or courier
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

SCTG 2, Cereal grains

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes S S S S S S 35.7
Single modes S S S S S S 33.4
Truck S S S S S S S
For-hire truck S S S S S S S
Private truck 45.6 9.3 46.5 8.8 37.5 10.4 40.5
Rail S S S S S S 28.5
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 30.9
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 31.6
Truck and rail
Truck and water S S S S S S 29.9
Rail and water S S S S S S 31.6
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

SCTG 3, Other agricultural products

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes 33.9 36.5 42.2 S
Single modes 25.8 4.7 38.2 3.9 39.3 9.8 S
Truck 26.1 4.6 38.8 4.0 38.9 12.0 S
For-hire truck 32.7 8.0 38.4 7.1 42.2 11.1 23.5
Private truck 42.7 7.2 44.8 7.4 36.7 10.8 S
Rail S S S S S S 31.6
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 31.6
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 31.2
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 30.4
Truck and rail S S S S S S 31.6
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 48.4

SCTG 4, Animal feed and products of animal origin, nec

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes 35.1 37.4 39.7 43.3
Single modes 42.0 10.5 45.4 11.9 42.9 9.0 26.9
Truck 42.0 10.5 45.4 11.9 42.9 9.0 26.9
For-hire truck S S S S S S 36.7
Private truck 39.3 11.1 43.0 12.9 35.9 15.0 29.2
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 30.2
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 30.2
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S S

SCTG 5, Meat, fish, seafood, and their preparations

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes 28.9 38.9 46.9 S
Single modes 28.4 0.4 38.3 0.5 46.4 0.4 S
Truck 28.4 0.4 38.3 0.5 46.4 0.4 S
For-hire truck 39.3 8.3 49.8 8.3 S S 17.0
Private truck 27.2 8.4 34.7 8.3 34.6 7.6 S
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 31.2
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 30.2
Truck and rail S S S S S S 31.6
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes S S S S S S 31.6
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 29.1

SCTG 6, Milled grain products and preparations, and bakery products

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes 29.4 42.9 S S S
Single modes 29.4 0.2 43.0 0.1 S S 27.9
Truck 29.4 0.2 43.0 0.1 S S 27.9
For-hire truck 30.3 12.1 46.2 13.0 37.9 12.9 23.0
Private truck S S S S S S 36.0
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 27.0
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 27.0
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 31.6

SCTG 7, Other prepared foodstuffs and fats and oils

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes 21.6 15.0 22.7 24.8
Single modes 21.9 1.1 15.1 0.2 22.9 0.8 18.0
Truck 23.2 3.5 12.2 3.7 24.7 8.5 19.2
For-hire truck 31.3 7.1 32.9 5.6 35.6 10.7 19.4
Private truck 24.6 8.6 12.9 6.2 20.9 11.9 13.6
Rail S S S S S S 39.3
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 28.7
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 28.7
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S S

SCTG 8, Alcoholic beverages

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes 26.6 30.5 37.3 37.9
Single modes 26.6 30.5 37.2 38.4
Truck 25.7 2.2 29.9 2.7 36.7 2.5 39.0
For-hire truck 46.9 9.1 S S S S S
Private truck 30.9 8.9 39.2 9.3 39.5 10.1 46.2
Rail 44.0 2.1 45.8 2.7 48.0 2.5 25.9
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 31.6
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 31.6
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 31.6

SCTG 9, Tobacco products

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes S S 38.9 S S S
Single modes S S 31.7 7.4 S S S
Truck S S 31.7 7.4 S S S
For-hire truck S S 39.3 14.5 S S S
Private truck S S S S S S S
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 29.2
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 30.3
Truck and rail S S S S S S 31.6
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 31.6

SCTG 10, Monumental or building stone

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes S S S S S S 30.9
Single modes S S S S S S 31.0
Truck S S S S S S 31.0
For-hire truck S S S S S S 31.6
Private truck S S S S S S 31.0
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes
Parcel, USPS or courier
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 31.6

SCTG 11, Natural sands

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes 36.4 33.7 46.0 17.5
Single modes 36.5 0.4 33.8 0.6 46.3 1.6 18.8
Truck 45.6 10.3 36.6 4.9 25.3 16.4 24.7
For-hire truck 35.0 10.3 27.7 8.7 30.1 12.1 S
Private truck S S S S 43.1 12.9 33.6
Rail S S S S S S 29.8
Water S S S S S S 31.6
Shallow draft S S S S S S 31.6
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes
Parcel, USPS or courier
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes 48.7 0.4 S S S S S

SCTG 12, Gravel and crushed stone

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes 12.4 18.6 16.6 14.7
Single modes 12.3 0.3 18.5 0.3 16.9 1.6 14.5
Truck 13.8 4.3 19.5 3.7 18.6 7.3 11.9
For-hire truck 17.0 6.0 21.1 5.5 17.6 6.4 16.3
Private truck 17.6 4.8 21.3 4.4 24.9 5.2 12.0
Rail S S S S S S 30.8
Water S S S S S S 27.9
Shallow draft S S S S S S 27.9
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 48.8
Parcel, USPS or courier
Truck and rail
Truck and water S S S S S S 31.6
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes S S S S S S 31.6
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 27.2

SCTG 13, Nonmetallic minerals nec

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes 37.3 S S 49.4 S
Single modes 36.1 3.2 S S S S S
Truck 35.0 3.8 S S S S S
For-hire truck 44.6 9.4 S S S S 32.8
Private truck 42.1 10.9 S S S S 46.2
Rail S S S S S S 36.7
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 28.5
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 28.6
Truck and rail
Truck and water S S S S S S 31.6
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 31.6

SCTG 14, Metallic ores and concentrates

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes S S S S S S 26.6
Single modes S S S S S S 26.7
Truck S S S S S S 26.8
For-hire truck S S S S S S 28.6
Private truck S S S S S S 31.6
Rail S S S S S S 31.6
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes
Parcel, USPS or courier
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 31.6

SCTG 15, Coal

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes 19.2 20.7 16.7 S
Single modes 19.2 20.7 16.7 S
Truck S S S S 45.1 0.7 S
For-hire truck S S S S S S 25.0
Private truck S S S S 48.7 0.3 S
Rail 20.2 7.2 16.8 8.3 17.1 0.7 6.3
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes
Parcel, USPS or courier
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 31.6

SCTG 17, Gasoline and aviation turbine fuel

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes 18.9 19.0 S S 14.1
Single modes 15.0 3.1 15.3 3.1 16.2 15.8 14.1
Truck 15.0 3.1 15.3 3.1 16.2 15.8 14.1
For-hire truck 20.7 5.9 21.2 6.0 20.6 10.1 22.8
Private truck 18.2 5.1 18.9 5.2 16.3 10.2 13.6
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 31.6
Parcel, USPS or courier
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes S S S S S S 31.6
Other and unknown modes

SCTG 18, Fuel oils

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes 10.4 10.2 18.4 24.5
Single modes 10.4 0.2 10.2 0.3 18.5 0.3 23.4
Truck 10.4 0.2 10.2 0.3 18.5 0.3 23.4
For-hire truck 19.9 7.4 16.7 7.2 32.3 7.4 S
Private truck 19.8 7.5 19.1 7.3 22.9 7.4 18.2
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes
Parcel, USPS or courier
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 47.5

SCTG 19, Coal and petroleum products, nec

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes 21.6 28.6 41.1 45.7
Single modes 21.8 0.5 28.6 41.1 0.2 49.9
Truck 27.1 10.3 34.3 14.1 S S S
For-hire truck S S S S S S 24.8
Private truck 20.4 9.7 26.9 13.4 47.3 17.5 23.9
Rail S S S S S S 27.9
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes 42.3 0.3 47.4 42.5 0.2 41.4
Parcel, USPS or courier 42.3 0.3 47.4 42.5 0.2 41.4
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 30.6

SCTG 20, Basic chemicals

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes 35.5 41.3 42.4 S
Single modes 35.4 4.1 41.3 2.9 42.5 7.0 S
Truck 35.9 5.2 46.5 6.8 42.8 10.4 S
For-hire truck 39.2 11.7 44.3 12.6 44.4 10.7 20.9
Private truck 43.0 12.4 S S S S 24.3
Rail S S S S S S 28.2
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 31.6
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 30.3
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 30.3
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 31.6

SCTG 21, Pharmaceutical products

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes 29.7 37.5 S S 16.1
Single modes 30.2 7.7 37.7 2.9 S S 39.3
Truck 30.3 7.8 37.7 2.9 S S 39.3
For-hire truck 30.8 7.6 36.4 6.4 S S 37.2
Private truck S S S S S S 49.1
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 26.8
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes 35.7 7.7 31.0 2.9 31.0 3.9 15.2
Parcel, USPS or courier 35.7 7.7 31.0 2.9 31.0 3.9 15.2
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

SCTG 22, Fertilizers

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes 44.8 43.6 S S 30.3
Single modes 44.8 10.5 43.6 10.5 S S 30.6
Truck S S S S 46.7 13.8 29.4
For-hire truck S S S S S S 26.9
Private truck S S S S S S 27.1
Rail S S 48.0 9.3 S S 29.0
Water S S S S S S 31.6
Shallow draft S S S S S S 31.6
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 29.8
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 29.8
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

SCTG 23, Chemical products and preparations, nec

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes 26.9 19.4 27.9 17.5
Single modes 28.2 2.3 18.4 1.9 27.6 2.1 27.8
Truck 27.6 2.3 17.6 2.2 26.9 2.5 27.9
For-hire truck 25.6 10.8 23.3 11.4 27.3 8.9 11.3
Private truck 46.0 11.7 39.0 11.9 34.9 9.3 14.5
Rail S S S S S S 31.6
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 28.0
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes 44.9 1.9 S S S S 16.1
Parcel, USPS or courier 39.7 1.2 32.2 0.1 32.2 0.3 16.1
Truck and rail
Truck and water S S S S S S 31.6
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 37.1

SCTG 24, Plastics and rubber

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes 14.6 22.7 13.1 26.6
Single modes 16.0 3.0 23.7 2.4 13.1 1.0 38.4
Truck 16.2 3.0 24.3 2.3 13.1 2.5 38.6
For-hire truck 15.2 4.2 19.4 5.0 12.8 2.6 7.0
Private truck 33.7 4.8 S S 39.7 2.1 12.5
Rail 35.9 0.4 33.5 0.9 31.1 1.9 26.0
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 15.9
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes 49.1 3.1 28.2 0.5 30.1 1.0 14.3
Parcel, USPS or courier S S 47.7 0.3 S S 14.6
Truck and rail 40.7 0.2 36.5 0.2 36.3 1.1 23.6
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes S S S S S S 31.6
Other and unknown modes S S S S 38.4 0.2 S

SCTG 25, Logs and other wood in the rough

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes S S S S S S 32.5
Single modes S S S S S S 32.1
Truck S S S S S S 32.1
For-hire truck S S S S S S S
Private truck 37.4 17.3 S S S S 27.4
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 31.6
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 31.6
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 33.7

SCTG 26, Wood products

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes 13.9 30.0 16.2 12.5
Single modes 14.1 0.3 30.0 16.4 0.6 11.4
Truck 14.4 0.6 30.6 1.1 16.8 2.2 11.1
For-hire truck 21.6 5.7 26.8 8.1 18.4 5.5 17.1
Private truck 22.8 6.1 37.6 8.9 28.6 6.1 12.2
Rail 29.9 0.7 32.7 1.1 38.9 2.1 15.2
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 30.5
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes 33.6 0.2 37.6 45.1 0.7 40.6
Parcel, USPS or courier 29.6 41.8 39.2 18.2
Truck and rail 39.6 0.1 39.5 45.8 0.7 27.1
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes 41.7 0.2 33.8 S S S

SCTG 27, Pulp, newsprint, paper, and paperboard

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes 10.4 11.1 10.3 11.9
Single modes 10.5 0.3 11.1 0.3 10.3 11.6
Truck 12.8 4.3 12.7 4.5 11.7 6.1 12.5
For-hire truck 24.5 10.6 20.8 8.9 19.3 9.3 11.7
Private truck 38.5 9.3 37.0 7.3 41.6 6.9 34.9
Rail 27.9 4.5 25.9 4.7 33.2 6.1 12.0
Water S S S S S S 31.6
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft S S S S S S 31.6
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 31.6
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 30.2
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 30.2
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 31.5

SCTG 28, Paper or paperboard articles

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes 27.1 32.0 37.9 33.6
Single modes 27.3 2.1 32.1 0.9 38.0 2.0 32.9
Truck 27.3 2.1 32.1 0.9 38.0 2.0 32.9
For-hire truck 43.9 10.9 50.0 13.1 47.5 12.3 13.7
Private truck 24.9 10.1 33.1 12.7 S S 18.3
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes 47.4 0.7 37.6 0.1 45.1 0.6 21.5
Parcel, USPS or courier 47.4 0.7 37.6 0.1 45.1 0.6 21.5
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes 38.0 1.4 40.3 0.7 S S 27.1

SCTG 29, Printed products

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes 17.0 20.0 28.9 20.5
Single modes 19.3 5.9 22.4 4.0 29.1 1.7 35.1
Truck 19.5 5.7 22.4 3.9 29.4 1.9 37.3
For-hire truck 29.7 6.5 28.1 7.6 30.0 2.7 11.7
Private truck 24.7 6.8 26.0 6.5 21.6 1.0 26.6
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S 48.8 0.3 S S 15.7
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes 24.5 3.5 20.7 0.6 S S 17.9
Parcel, USPS or courier 24.5 3.5 20.4 0.6 S S 17.9
Truck and rail
Truck and water S S S S S S 31.6
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S 30.9 3.4 33.1 1.7 S

SCTG 30, Textiles, leather, and articles of textiles or leather

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes 21.9 15.6 17.6 8.8
Single modes 15.9 3.6 16.4 2.8 18.5 3.8 11.6
Truck 15.8 3.6 16.5 2.8 18.7 3.8 12.9
For-hire truck 17.2 2.8 17.0 6.1 20.1 4.4 12.4
Private truck 19.8 2.4 41.0 6.6 30.0 3.5 24.8
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) 40.2 0.2 48.1 0.3 S S 16.2
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes S S 23.4 2.1 23.1 3.1 9.3
Parcel, USPS or courier S S 23.4 2.1 23.1 3.1 9.3
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes 27.8 1.7 32.4 0.9 37.9 1.0 S

SCTG 31, Nonmetallic mineral products

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes 21.8 33.5 36.7 S
Single modes 21.8 0.5 33.5 0.4 36.8 0.2 S
Truck 23.5 4.4 36.1 5.6 43.2 8.4 S
For-hire truck 31.0 8.8 S S S S 41.9
Private truck 23.9 8.9 42.7 9.3 39.3 9.4 19.4
Rail 30.9 0.9 33.5 2.8 31.2 6.4 39.1
Water S S S S S S 30.7
Shallow draft S S S S S S 31.0
Great Lakes
Deep draft S S S S S S 31.6
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 28.9
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes 46.5 0.3 S S 35.9 14.7
Parcel, USPS or courier 34.5 0.3 31.5 35.6 16.6
Truck and rail S S S S S S 31.6
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S 45.3 0.4 S S S

SCTG 32, Base metal in primary or semifinished forms and in finished basic shapes

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes 18.0 31.8 S S 21.5
Single modes 17.9 1.0 31.3 0.8 S S 21.4
Truck 14.8 3.0 22.2 5.0 31.1 11.9 22.1
For-hire truck 14.6 6.2 27.2 9.7 31.0 13.3 10.8
Private truck 29.3 5.4 35.0 9.1 S S 16.3
Rail S S S S S S 31.6
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S 41.3 37.1 22.0
Pipeline S S S S S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 17.2
Parcel, USPS or courier S S 48.4 S S 18.7
Truck and rail S S S S S S 31.6
Truck and water S S S S S S 31.6
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes 45.0 0.4 S S S S S

SCTG 33, Articles of base metal

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes 14.6 14.8 17.4 25.1
Single modes 15.1 2.6 15.3 0.9 17.6 0.7 46.0
Truck 15.1 3.9 15.4 1.0 17.8 1.5 45.9
For-hire truck 16.4 4.2 17.9 7.6 17.4 5.2 17.4
Private truck 25.1 5.4 23.5 8.0 S S 45.1
Rail S S S S S S 31.6
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 23.2
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes 26.2 2.3 20.9 0.2 36.0 0.5 18.2
Parcel, USPS or courier 26.2 2.3 20.9 0.2 36.0 0.5 18.2
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes 42.6 1.0 47.0 0.7 S S S

SCTG 34, Machinery

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes 12.1 17.0 17.5 19.2
Single modes 12.4 3.3 18.3 2.4 18.6 1.9 23.5
Truck 12.4 3.5 18.4 2.4 18.5 2.2 24.9
For-hire truck 13.7 5.8 16.6 8.1 21.0 3.8 4.9
Private truck 30.5 4.2 47.9 6.2 S S 22.1
Rail S S S S S S 31.6
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 21.2
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes 31.0 2.8 36.1 1.6 35.2 1.6 20.7
Parcel, USPS or courier 31.0 2.8 36.3 1.6 35.2 1.6 20.7
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes S S S S S S 31.6
Other and unknown modes 49.1 1.4 S S S S 33.5

SCTG 35, Electronic and other electrical equipment and components and office equipment

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes 14.2 17.5 21.6 16.7
Single modes 21.4 7.5 19.1 5.7 22.3 5.2 27.1
Truck 27.5 9.0 19.5 5.6 23.3 5.3 S
For-hire truck 47.2 8.1 22.6 7.4 24.7 4.1 9.7
Private truck 32.1 7.9 31.5 9.1 34.3 3.7 S
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) 30.1 5.2 45.9 0.7 45.2 1.9 22.1
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes 29.9 7.6 36.7 5.7 28.9 5.3 9.7
Parcel, USPS or courier 29.9 7.6 36.8 5.7 28.9 5.3 9.7
Truck and rail
Truck and water S S S S S S 31.6
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes 29.0 0.6 S S S S S

SCTG 36, Motorized and other vehicles (including parts)

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes 22.0 31.6 38.7 20.0
Single modes 24.1 5.6 34.1 6.1 39.0 1.6 34.7
Truck 24.2 5.6 34.2 6.1 39.1 1.6 34.9
For-hire truck 27.7 7.6 36.8 7.2 39.8 3.4 18.9
Private truck 38.7 4.3 27.7 2.9 34.0 1.8 19.7
Rail S S S S S S 29.8
Water S S S S S S 31.6
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft S S S S S S 31.6
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 27.9
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes 31.6 2.0 34.2 0.2 39.5 1.2 16.3
Parcel, USPS or courier 31.6 2.0 34.2 0.2 39.5 1.2 16.3
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes S S S S S S 31.6
Other and unknown modes 46.8 5.7 47.7 6.2 S S 25.6

SCTG 37, Transportation equipment, nec

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes 38.1 S S S S 21.9
Single modes 39.5 2.7 S S S S 21.1
Truck 43.0 9.4 S S S S 29.0
For-hire truck 42.2 10.6 S S S S 25.4
Private truck S S S S S S 30.0
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 28.7
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S S
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 25.1
Truck and rail S S S S S S 29.8
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 31.6

SCTG 38, Precision instruments and apparatus

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes 35.6 S S S S 19.5
Single modes S S S S S S 22.0
Truck S S S S S S S
For-hire truck S S S S S S 25.2
Private truck S S S S S S 27.2
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 21.8
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes 45.1 10.2 S S S S 20.6
Parcel, USPS or courier 45.1 10.2 S S S S 20.6
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 29.7

SCTG 39, Furniture, mattresses and mattress supports, lamps, lighting fittings

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes 11.0 10.1 20.0 S
Single modes 10.6 2.3 10.0 0.9 19.8 0.3 S
Truck 10.6 2.3 10.2 1.0 20.3 1.8 S
For-hire truck 17.5 7.1 16.3 5.4 22.5 4.8 5.7
Private truck 18.8 6.2 12.9 5.0 30.2 3.5 S
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 28.4
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes 26.3 0.2 S S S S 10.8
Parcel, USPS or courier 26.3 0.2 S S S S 10.8
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S 29.3 0.1 S

SCTG 40, Miscellaneous manufactured products

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes 10.4 S S 38.9 7.4
Single modes 18.0 8.5 29.9 18.1 44.1 8.9 26.0
Truck 17.8 8.1 29.0 17.6 43.6 7.2 26.0
For-hire truck 13.7 3.2 36.3 14.2 48.4 8.4 15.5
Private truck 33.1 7.1 46.1 8.2 S S 26.7
Rail S S S S S S 30.0
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) 43.2 0.2 S S S S 28.0
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes 23.6 9.1 26.2 7.0 20.0 8.9 7.8
Parcel, USPS or courier 23.6 9.1 26.2 7.0 20.0 8.9 7.8
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S S

SCTG 41, Waste and scrap

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes 36.5 S S S S 16.6
Single modes 36.9 1.8 48.9 1.5 37.7 13.0 28.1
Truck 36.9 1.8 48.9 1.5 37.7 13.0 28.1
For-hire truck 35.3 5.6 S S 37.2 12.3 33.7
Private truck S S 43.3 8.8 S S 29.5
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 31.6
Parcel, USPS or courier
Truck and rail S S S S S S 31.6
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 31.6

SCTG 43, Mixed freight

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes 42.4 35.2 34.4 16.5
Single modes 44.5 2.2 36.2 2.2 35.5 1.7 17.9
Truck 44.6 2.2 36.2 2.2 35.5 1.7 18.8
For-hire truck 18.9 2.0 32.9 2.2 S S 29.1
Private truck 47.2 3.5 38.5 2.9 43.4 7.7 10.9
Rail S S S S S S 31.6
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 25.9
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes 36.5 1.7 36.2 0.1 39.8 0.8 30.7
Parcel, USPS or courier 36.5 1.7 36.2 0.1 39.8 0.8 30.7
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S S

Commodity unknown

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes 23.3 29.8 49.9 S
Single modes 26.5 6.7 30.3 3.3 S S S
Truck 26.5 6.7 30.3 3.3 S S S
For-hire truck 36.0 10.0 30.8 9.1 S S 20.6
Private truck 33.3 8.2 48.3 10.5 24.4 6.3 43.8
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 31.6
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 39.6
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 39.6
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S S

KEY:
– Represents data cell equal to zero or less than 1 unit of measure.
S Estimate does not meet publication standards because of high sampling variability or poor response quality.
CV Coefficient of variation of number

NOTE: The Introduction and appendixes give information onf confidentiality protection, sampling error, nonsampling error, sample design, and definitions. Links to this information on the Internet may be found at www.census.gov/cfs.

SOURCE: Bureau of Transportation Statistics (USDOT) and U.S. Census Bureau, 2002 Commodity Flow Survey, Individual State Data, December 2004.