Table 3. Shipment Characteristics by Mode of Transportation and Distance Shipped for State of Origin: 2002

Table 3. Shipment Characteristics by Mode of Transportation and Distance Shipped for State of Origin: 2002

[Estimates are based on data from the Commodity Flow Survey. Because of rounding, estimates may not be additive]

Excel | CSV

All modes

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1
2002
(million $)
Percent 2002
(thousands)
Percent 2002
(millions)
Percent
All distances 177,395 100.0 259,594 100.0 46,724 100.0
Less than 50 miles 100,998 56.9 157,336 60.6 2,186 4.7
50 to 99 miles 13,849 7.8 50,580 19.5 5,071 10.9
100 to 249 miles 17,913 10.1 27,880 10.7 6,024 12.9
250 to 499 miles 5,411 3.1 4,555 1.8 1,962 4.2
500 to 749 miles 7,037 4.0 3,512 1.4 2,840 6.1
750 to 999 miles 6,233 3.5 5,106 2.0 5,988 12.8
1,000 to 1,499 miles 5,034 2.8 4,335 1.7 6,878 14.7
1,500 to 1,999 miles 10,361 5.8 3,650 1.4 8,102 17.3
2,000 miles or more 10,559 6.0 2,639 1.0 7,674 16.4

Single modes

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1
2002
(million $)
Percent 2002
(thousands)
Percent 2002
(millions)
Percent
All distances 153,770 100.0 241,834 100.0 41,445 100.0
Less than 50 miles 95,445 62.1 145,181 60.0 2,093 5.1
50 to 99 miles 12,893 8.4 49,301 20.4 4,925 11.9
100 to 249 miles 15,285 9.9 25,931 10.7 5,701 13.8
250 to 499 miles 4,414 2.9 4,282 1.8 1,834 4.4
500 to 749 miles 5,110 3.3 3,310 1.4 2,649 6.4
750 to 999 miles 4,638 3.0 4,785 2.0 5,582 13.5
1,000 to 1,499 miles 3,545 2.3 4,019 1.7 S S
1,500 to 1,999 miles 6,864 4.5 3,159 1.3 6,995 16.9
2,000 miles or more 5,576 3.6 1,864 0.8 5,374 13.0

Truck2

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1
2002
(million $)
Percent 2002
(thousands)
Percent 2002
(millions)
Percent
All distances 89,594 100.0 159,578 100.0 19,452 100.0
Less than 50 miles 43,894 49.0 122,412 76.7 1,902 9.8
50 to 99 miles 9,280 10.4 13,326 8.4 1,253 6.4
100 to 249 miles 12,912 14.4 12,673 7.9 2,552 13.1
250 to 499 miles 4,178 4.7 2,847 1.8 1,269 6.5
500 to 749 miles 3,624 4.0 2,161 1.4 1,650 8.5
750 to 999 miles 3,388 3.8 2,120 1.3 2,369 12.2
1,000 to 1,499 miles 2,675 3.0 1,261 0.8 1,781 9.2
1,500 to 1,999 miles 5,349 6.0 1,672 1.0 3,550 18.2
2,000 miles or more 4,294 4.8 1,105 0.7 3,128 16.1

For-hire truck

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1
2002
(million $)
Percent 2002
(thousands)
Percent 2002
(millions)
Percent
All distances 37,244 100.0 40,625 100.0 15,055 100.0
Less than 50 miles 7,962 21.4 17,859 44.0 355 2.4
50 to 99 miles 2,857 7.7 4,629 11.4 425 2.8
100 to 249 miles 6,804 18.3 8,267 20.3 1,692 11.2
250 to 499 miles 2,475 6.6 2,278 5.6 1,048 7.0
500 to 749 miles 2,185 5.9 1,936 4.8 1,476 9.8
750 to 999 miles 2,975 8.0 1,912 4.7 2,134 14.2
1,000 to 1,499 miles 2,539 6.8 1,144 2.8 1,678 11.1
1,500 to 1,999 miles 5,187 13.9 1,572 3.9 3,340 22.2
2,000 miles or more 4,259 11.4 1,028 2.5 2,908 19.3

Private truck

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1
2002
(million $)
Percent 2002
(thousands)
Percent 2002
(millions)
Percent
All distances 51,527 100.0 118,787 100.0 4,360 100.0
Less than 50 miles 35,839 69.6 S S 1,546 35.5
50 to 99 miles 6,278 12.2 8,684 7.3 827 19.0
100 to 249 miles 5,567 10.8 4,295 3.6 839 19.2
250 to 499 miles 1,676 3.3 553 0.5 215 4.9
500 to 749 miles 1,427 2.8 215 0.2 166 3.8
750 to 999 miles 407 0.8 208 0.2 234 5.4
1,000 to 1,499 miles S S 117 0.1 103 2.4
1,500 to 1,999 miles S S S S S S
2,000 miles or more 35 S S S S

Rail

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1
2002
(million $)
Percent 2002
(thousands)
Percent 2002
(millions)
Percent
All distances 4,874 100.0 26,931 100.0 14,516 100.0
Less than 50 miles 1,959 40.2 14,782 54.9 80 0.6
50 to 99 miles 24 0.5 131 0.5 16 0.1
100 to 249 miles 381 7.8 S S S S
250 to 499 miles 134 2.7 S S S S
500 to 749 miles 278 5.7 1,106 4.1 962 6.6
750 to 999 miles S S S S 2,931 20.2
1,000 to 1,499 miles 270 5.5 S S S S
1,500 to 1,999 miles 713 14.6 1,355 5.0 3,183 21.9
2,000 miles or more 409 8.4 701 2.6 2,074 14.3

Water

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1
2002
(million $)
Percent 2002
(thousands)
Percent 2002
(millions)
Percent
All distances 2,304 100.0 S S 3,931 100.0
Less than 50 miles S S S S S S
50 to 99 miles S S S S S S
100 to 249 miles S S S S S S
250 to 499 miles 72 3.1 580 1.9 196 5.0
500 to 749 miles S S S S S S
750 to 999 miles S S S S S S
1,000 to 1,499 miles S S S S S S
1,500 to 1,999 miles S S S S S S
2,000 miles or more 26 1.1 S S S S

Shallow draft

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1
2002
(million $)
Percent 2002
(thousands)
Percent 2002
(millions)
Percent
All distances S S S S S S
Less than 50 miles S S S S S S
50 to 99 miles S S S S S S
100 to 249 miles S S S S S S
250 to 499 miles 72 4.3 580 2.0 196 6.4
500 to 749 miles S S S S S S
750 to 999 miles S S S S S S
1,000 to 1,499 miles
1,500 to 1,999 miles
2,000 miles or more

Great Lakes

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1
2002
(million $)
Percent 2002
(thousands)
Percent 2002
(millions)
Percent
All distances
Less than 50 miles
50 to 99 miles
100 to 249 miles
250 to 499 miles
500 to 749 miles
750 to 999 miles
1,000 to 1,499 miles
1,500 to 1,999 miles
2,000 miles or more

Deep draft

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1
2002
(million $)
Percent 2002
(thousands)
Percent 2002
(millions)
Percent
All distances 647 100.0 S S 868 100.0
Less than 50 miles S S S S S S
50 to 99 miles S S S S S S
100 to 249 miles S S S S S S
250 to 499 miles
500 to 749 miles S S S S S S
750 to 999 miles S S S S S S
1,000 to 1,499 miles S S S S S S
1,500 to 1,999 miles S S S S S S
2,000 miles or more 26 4.0 S S S S

Air (including truck and air)

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1
2002
(million $)
Percent 2002
(thousands)
Percent 2002
(millions)
Percent
All distances S S 205 100.0 S S
Less than 50 miles S S S S S S
50 to 99 miles S S S S S S
100 to 249 miles 152 0.3 S S S S
250 to 499 miles S S S S S S
500 to 749 miles 1,194 2.3 S S S S
750 to 999 miles S S S S S S
1,000 to 1,499 miles 305 0.6 5 2.6 12 5.3
1,500 to 1,999 miles 781 1.5 S S S S
2,000 miles or more 848 1.6 S S S S

Pipeline3

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1
2002
(million $)
Percent 2002
(thousands)
Percent 2002
(millions)
Percent
All distances 5,085 100.0 24,254 100.0 S S
Less than 50 miles 401 7.9 1,553 6.4 S S
50 to 99 miles 3,073 60.4 14,123 58.2 S S
100 to 249 miles 1,586 31.2 8,452 34.8 S S
250 to 499 miles S S
500 to 749 miles S S S S S S
750 to 999 miles S S S S S S
1,000 to 1,499 miles S S
1,500 to 1,999 miles S S S S S S
2,000 miles or more S S

Multiple modes

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1
2002
(million $)
Percent 2002
(thousands)
Percent 2002
(millions)
Percent
All distances 19,635 100.0 2,267 100.0 4,292 100.0
Less than 50 miles 3,684 18.8 140 6.2 3
50 to 99 miles 745 3.8 49 2.2 6 0.1
100 to 249 miles 2,136 10.9 125 5.5 32 0.7
250 to 499 miles 960 4.9 51 2.3 23 0.5
500 to 749 miles 1,435 7.3 165 7.3 162 3.8
750 to 999 miles 1,529 7.8 297 13.1 380 8.9
1,000 to 1,499 miles 1,367 7.0 257 11.3 467 10.9
1,500 to 1,999 miles 3,282 16.7 433 19.1 991 23.1
2,000 miles or more 4,497 22.9 750 33.1 2,227 51.9

Parcel, USPS or courier

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1
2002
(million $)
Percent 2002
(thousands)
Percent 2002
(millions)
Percent
All distances 18,252 100.0 475 100.0 482 100.0
Less than 50 miles 3,661 20.1 80 16.9 2 0.4
50 to 99 miles 738 4.0 36 7.5 4 0.8
100 to 249 miles 2,113 11.6 84 17.6 19 3.9
250 to 499 miles 960 5.3 47 9.8 20 4.2
500 to 749 miles 1,348 7.4 37 7.8 30 6.3
750 to 999 miles 1,375 7.5 31 6.6 35 7.4
1,000 to 1,499 miles 1,123 6.2 31 6.5 48 10.0
1,500 to 1,999 miles 2,826 15.5 59 12.4 125 25.9
2,000 miles or more 4,108 22.5 71 15.0 199 41.3

Truck and rail

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1
2002
(million $)
Percent 2002
(thousands)
Percent 2002
(millions)
Percent
All distances 791 100.0 1,134 100.0 2,249 100.0
Less than 50 miles S S S S S S
50 to 99 miles S S S S S S
100 to 249 miles S S 27 2.3 6 0.3
250 to 499 miles S S S S S S
500 to 749 miles S S 126 11.1 S S
750 to 999 miles 131 16.5 250 22.0 330 14.7
1,000 to 1,499 miles 40 5.1 57 5.0 96 4.3
1,500 to 1,999 miles 354 44.8 323 28.5 754 33.5
2,000 miles or more 161 20.3 299 26.4 927 41.2

Truck and water

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1
2002
(million $)
Percent 2002
(thousands)
Percent 2002
(millions)
Percent
All distances 569 100.0 628 100.0 1,552 100.0
Less than 50 miles S S S S S S
50 to 99 miles
100 to 249 miles S S S S S S
250 to 499 miles S S S S S S
500 to 749 miles S S S S S S
750 to 999 miles S S 16 2.5 15 0.9
1,000 to 1,499 miles S S S S S S
1,500 to 1,999 miles 100 17.6 50 7.9 111 7.1
2,000 miles or more 228 40.1 380 60.5 1,101 71.0

Rail and water

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1
2002
(million $)
Percent 2002
(thousands)
Percent 2002
(millions)
Percent
All distances
Less than 50 miles
50 to 99 miles
100 to 249 miles
250 to 499 miles
500 to 749 miles
750 to 999 miles
1,000 to 1,499 miles
1,500 to 1,999 miles
2,000 miles or more

Other Multiple modes

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1
2002
(million $)
Percent 2002
(thousands)
Percent 2002
(millions)
Percent
All distances S S S S S S
Less than 50 miles S S S S S S
50 to 99 miles S S S S S S
100 to 249 miles S S S S S S
250 to 499 miles
500 to 749 miles
750 to 999 miles
1,000 to 1,499 miles S S S S S S
1,500 to 1,999 miles S S S S S S
2,000 miles or more

Other and unknown modes

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1
2002
(million $)
Percent 2002
(thousands)
Percent 2002
(millions)
Percent
All distances 3,990 100.0 15,493 100.0 987 100.0
Less than 50 miles 1,870 46.9 12,015 77.6 89 9.0
50 to 99 miles 211 5.3 1,230 7.9 139 14.1
100 to 249 miles 493 12.3 1,823 11.8 291 29.4
250 to 499 miles S S S S S S
500 to 749 miles S S 38 0.2 29 2.9
750 to 999 miles 66 1.6 24 0.2 26 2.7
1,000 to 1,499 miles S S S S S S
1,500 to 1,999 miles S S S S S S
2,000 miles or more S S 25 0.2 73 7.4

KEY:
– Represents data cell equal to zero or less than 1 unit of measure.
S Estimate does not meet publication standards because of high sampling variability or poor response quality.

1 Ton-miles estimates are based on estimated distances traveled along a modeled transportation network. See "Mileage Calculations" section for additional information.
2 "Truck" as a single mode includes shipments that were made by only private truck, only for-hire truck, or a combination of private truck and for-hire truck.
3 Estimates for pipeline exclude shipments of crude petroleum.

NOTES: Value-of-shipments estimates have not been adjusted for price changes. Appendix B tables provide estimated measures of sampling variability. The Introduction and appendixes give information on confidentiality protection, sampling error, nonsampling error, sample design, and definitions. Links to this information on the Internet may be found at www.census.gov/cfs.
Coverage for the 2002 Commodity Flow Survey (CFS) differs from the previous surveys due to a change from the 1987 Standard Industrial Classification System to the 1997 North American Industry Classification System and other survey improvements. Therefore, data users are urged to use caution when comparing 2002 CFS estimates with estimates from prior years.

SOURCE: Bureau of Transportation Statistics (USDOT) and U.S. Census Bureau, 2002 Commodity Flow Survey, Individual State Data, December 2004.