Table 4. Shipment Characteristics by Mode of Transportation and Shipment Size for State of Origin: 2002

Table 4. Shipment Characteristics by Mode of Transportation and Shipment Size for State of Origin: 2002

[Estimates are based on data from the Commodity Flow Survey. Because of rounding, estimates may not be additive]

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All modes

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All shipment sizes 177,395 100.0 259,594 100.0 46,724 100.0 589
Less than 50 lbs 17,410 9.8 334 0.1 228 0.5 812
50 to 99 lbs 4,999 2.8 288 0.1 136 0.3 498
100 to 499 lbs 14,685 8.3 1,831 0.7 453 1.0 266
500 to 749 lbs 3,954 2.2 852 0.3 200 0.4 237
750 to 999 lbs 2,607 1.5 734 0.3 140 0.3 193
1,000 to 9,999 lbs 22,277 12.6 9,993 3.8 2,310 4.9 225
10,000 to 49,999 lbs 37,597 21.2 S S 14,372 30.8 156
50,000 to 99,999 lbs 9,122 5.1 54,966 21.2 4,809 10.3 89
100,000 lbs or more S S 107,259 41.3 24,076 51.5 681

Single modes

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All shipment sizes 153,770 100.0 241,834 100.0 41,445 100.0 236
Less than 50 lbs 5,353 3.5 142 25 352
50 to 99 lbs 2,410 1.6 182 31 166
100 to 499 lbs 10,049 6.5 1,628 0.7 280 0.7 167
500 to 749 lbs 3,585 2.3 791 0.3 141 0.3 179
750 to 999 lbs 2,393 1.6 717 0.3 121 0.3 170
1,000 to 9,999 lbs 21,384 13.9 9,645 4.0 2,069 5.0 211
10,000 to 49,999 lbs 36,252 23.6 S S 12,276 29.6 S
50,000 to 99,999 lbs 8,594 5.6 52,104 21.5 3,889 9.4 76
100,000 lbs or more S S 95,737 39.6 22,612 54.6 711

Truck2

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All shipment sizes 89,594 100.0 159,578 100.0 19,452 100.0 130
Less than 50 lbs 4,221 4.7 137 13 86
50 to 99 lbs 2,052 2.3 178 0.1 25 0.1 129
100 to 499 lbs 8,870 9.9 1,618 1.0 259 1.3 153
500 to 749 lbs 3,029 3.4 784 0.5 130 0.7 164
750 to 999 lbs 2,269 2.5 716 0.4 118 0.6 166
1,000 to 9,999 lbs 20,870 23.3 9,577 6.0 1,939 10.0 196
10,000 to 49,999 lbs 35,801 40.0 S S 11,550 59.4 S
50,000 to 99,999 lbs 8,452 9.4 51,918 32.5 3,682 18.9 73
100,000 lbs or more 4,029 4.5 14,223 8.9 1,737 8.9 196

For-hire truck

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All shipment sizes 37,244 100.0 40,625 100.0 15,055 100.0 504
Less than 50 lbs 981 2.6 12 5 300
50 to 99 lbs 764 2.1 19 14 0.1 684
100 to 499 lbs 3,647 9.8 313 0.8 188 1.2 622
500 to 749 lbs 1,254 3.4 135 0.3 90 0.6 665
750 to 999 lbs 828 2.2 96 0.2 65 0.4 684
1,000 to 9,999 lbs 9,318 25.0 2,330 5.7 1,477 9.8 639
10,000 to 49,999 lbs 16,552 44.4 16,519 40.7 9,499 63.1 563
50,000 to 99,999 lbs 3,101 8.3 15,996 39.4 2,392 15.9 155
100,000 lbs or more 798 2.1 5,205 12.8 1,323 8.8 333

Private truck

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All shipment sizes 51,527 100.0 118,787 100.0 4,360 100.0 50
Less than 50 lbs 2,798 5.4 119 0.1 6 0.1 43
50 to 99 lbs 1,191 2.3 151 0.1 9 0.2 59
100 to 499 lbs 5,110 9.9 1,267 1.1 65 1.5 51
500 to 749 lbs 1,751 3.4 628 0.5 35 0.8 57
750 to 999 lbs 1,428 2.8 614 0.5 52 1.2 86
1,000 to 9,999 lbs 11,434 22.2 7,174 6.0 442 10.2 66
10,000 to 49,999 lbs 19,236 37.3 S S 2,050 47.0 S
50,000 to 99,999 lbs 5,349 10.4 35,919 30.2 1,288 29.5 35
100,000 lbs or more 3,229 6.3 9,012 7.6 413 9.5 S

Rail

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All shipment sizes 4,874 100.0 26,931 100.0 14,516 100.0 1,387
Less than 50 lbs S S S S S S 2,145
50 to 99 lbs S S S S S S 508
100 to 499 lbs
500 to 749 lbs S S S S S S 134
750 to 999 lbs S S S S S S 3,059
1,000 to 9,999 lbs 9 0.2 2 5 2,039
10,000 to 49,999 lbs 362 7.4 362 1.3 586 4.0 1,700
50,000 to 99,999 lbs 70 1.4 130 0.5 197 1.4 1,533
100,000 lbs or more 4,431 90.9 26,436 98.2 13,727 94.6 1,299

Water

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All shipment sizes 2,304 100.0 S S 3,931 100.0 1,196
Less than 50 lbs S S S S S S 1,204
50 to 99 lbs S S S S S S 816
100 to 499 lbs S S S S S S 1,169
500 to 749 lbs S S S S S S 1,401
750 to 999 lbs
1,000 to 9,999 lbs S S S S S S 1,906
10,000 to 49,999 lbs 26 1.1 S S S S 766
50,000 to 99,999 lbs S S S S S S S
100,000 lbs or more 2,082 90.3 S S 3,827 97.3 162

Shallow draft

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All shipment sizes S S S S S S 310
Less than 50 lbs
50 to 99 lbs
100 to 499 lbs S S S S S S 478
500 to 749 lbs S S S S S S 210
750 to 999 lbs
1,000 to 9,999 lbs
10,000 to 49,999 lbs S S S S S S S
50,000 to 99,999 lbs S S S S S S 374
100,000 lbs or more S S S S S S 119

Great Lakes

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All shipment sizes
Less than 50 lbs
50 to 99 lbs
100 to 499 lbs
500 to 749 lbs
750 to 999 lbs
1,000 to 9,999 lbs
10,000 to 49,999 lbs
50,000 to 99,999 lbs
100,000 lbs or more

Deep draft

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All shipment sizes 647 100.0 S S 868 100.0 1,358
Less than 50 lbs S S S S S S 1,204
50 to 99 lbs S S S S S S 816
100 to 499 lbs S S S S S S 1,896
500 to 749 lbs S S S S S S 1,926
750 to 999 lbs
1,000 to 9,999 lbs S S S S S S 1,906
10,000 to 49,999 lbs 25 3.9 14 0.8 S S 1,026
50,000 to 99,999 lbs S S S S S S 22
100,000 lbs or more S S S S 765 88.1 707

Air (including truck and air)

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All shipment sizes S S 205 100.0 S S 2,450
Less than 50 lbs 1,118 2.2 5 2.3 11 5.0 2,453
50 to 99 lbs 356 0.7 2 1.1 6 2.6 2,561
100 to 499 lbs 1,167 2.2 6 3.2 17 7.5 2,544
500 to 749 lbs S S 2 0.8 3 1.5 2,168
750 to 999 lbs S S 1 0.6 2 0.9 1,682
1,000 to 9,999 lbs 411 0.8 29 14.2 57 25.8 1,921
10,000 to 49,999 lbs 60 0.1 S S S S 2,250
50,000 to 99,999 lbs S S S S S S 1,526
100,000 lbs or more S S S S S S 1

Pipeline3

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All shipment sizes 5,085 100.0 24,254 100.0 S S S
Less than 50 lbs S S S S S S S
50 to 99 lbs S S S
100 to 499 lbs S S S
500 to 749 lbs S S S
750 to 999 lbs S S S
1,000 to 9,999 lbs S S S S S S S
10,000 to 49,999 lbs S S S S S S S
50,000 to 99,999 lbs S S S S S S S
100,000 lbs or more 5,081 99.9 24,237 99.9 S S S

Multiple modes

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All shipment sizes 19,635 100.0 2,267 100.0 4,292 100.0 1,135
Less than 50 lbs 11,284 57.5 178 7.8 199 4.6 1,143
50 to 99 lbs 2,447 12.5 95 4.2 99 2.3 1,094
100 to 499 lbs 4,167 21.2 169 7.4 161 3.7 964
500 to 749 lbs 319 1.6 46 2.0 53 1.2 1,162
750 to 999 lbs 177 0.9 11 0.5 S S 1,672
1,000 to 9,999 lbs 159 0.8 75 3.3 157 3.7 1,899
10,000 to 49,999 lbs 802 4.1 867 38.2 1,830 42.6 2,114
50,000 to 99,999 lbs 77 0.4 248 10.9 610 14.2 2,538
100,000 lbs or more 202 1.0 579 25.5 1,167 27.2 2,014

Parcel, USPS or courier

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All shipment sizes 18,252 100.0 475 100.0 482 100.0 1,128
Less than 50 lbs 11,272 61.8 177 37.3 197 40.9 1,141
50 to 99 lbs 2,443 13.4 94 19.9 97 20.2 1,089
100 to 499 lbs 4,103 22.5 155 32.6 139 28.9 932
500 to 749 lbs 295 1.6 43 9.1 S S 1,067
750 to 999 lbs S S 3 0.6 2 0.5 816
1,000 to 9,999 lbs S S S S S S S
10,000 to 49,999 lbs
50,000 to 99,999 lbs
100,000 lbs or more

Truck and rail

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All shipment sizes 791 100.0 1,134 100.0 2,249 100.0 2,016
Less than 50 lbs
50 to 99 lbs
100 to 499 lbs
500 to 749 lbs
750 to 999 lbs
1,000 to 9,999 lbs S S S S S S 2,765
10,000 to 49,999 lbs 570 72.1 S S 1,020 45.4 2,019
50,000 to 99,999 lbs S S 52 4.5 S S 1,624
100,000 lbs or more 189 23.9 559 49.3 1,142 50.8 2,020

Truck and water

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All shipment sizes 569 100.0 628 100.0 1,552 100.0 1,911
Less than 50 lbs S S 1 0.1 1 1,957
50 to 99 lbs S S S S S S 1,704
100 to 499 lbs 65 11.3 S S S S 1,587
500 to 749 lbs S S S S S S 2,525
750 to 999 lbs 49 8.6 S S S S 1,964
1,000 to 9,999 lbs 134 23.6 71 11.4 154 9.9 2,127
10,000 to 49,999 lbs 227 39.8 336 53.5 807 52.0 2,278
50,000 to 99,999 lbs S S 190 30.2 526 33.9 2,782
100,000 lbs or more S S S S S S 3,836

Rail and water

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All shipment sizes
Less than 50 lbs
50 to 99 lbs
100 to 499 lbs
500 to 749 lbs
750 to 999 lbs
1,000 to 9,999 lbs
10,000 to 49,999 lbs
50,000 to 99,999 lbs
100,000 lbs or more

Other Multiple modes

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All shipment sizes S S S S S S 396
Less than 50 lbs
50 to 99 lbs
100 to 499 lbs
500 to 749 lbs
750 to 999 lbs
1,000 to 9,999 lbs S S S S S S 868
10,000 to 49,999 lbs S S S S S S S
50,000 to 99,999 lbs S S S S S S S
100,000 lbs or more S S S S S S 463

Other and unknown modes

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All shipment sizes 3,990 100.0 15,493 100.0 987 100.0 S
Less than 50 lbs S S 14 S S S
50 to 99 lbs 142 3.6 12 S S 445
100 to 499 lbs S S 35 0.2 S S S
500 to 749 lbs 50 1.3 14 S S S
750 to 999 lbs 37 0.9 S S 1 0.1 S
1,000 to 9,999 lbs S S 273 1.8 84 8.5 349
10,000 to 49,999 lbs 543 13.6 1,581 10.2 266 26.9 197
50,000 to 99,999 lbs 451 11.3 2,615 16.9 310 31.4 123
100,000 lbs or more 793 19.9 10,944 70.6 297 30.1 S

KEY:
– Represents data cell equal to zero or less than 1 unit of measure.
S Estimate does not meet publication standards because of high sampling variability or poor response quality.

1 Ton-miles estimates are based on estimated distances traveled along a modeled transportation network. See "Mileage Calculations" section for additional information.
2 "Truck" as a single mode includes shipments that were made by only private truck, only for-hire truck, or a combination of private tuck and for-hire truck.
3 Estimates for pipeline exclude shipments of crude petroleum.

NOTES: Value-of-shipments estimates have not been adjusted for price changes. Appendix B tables provide estimated measures of sampling variability. The Introduction and appendixes give information on confidentiality protection, sampling error, nonsampling error, sample design, and definitions. Links to this information on the Internet may be found at www.census.gov/cfs.
Coverage for the 2002 Commodity Flow Survey (CFS) differs from the previous surveys due to a change from the 1987 Standard Industrial Classification System to the 1997 North American Industry Classification System and other survey improvements. Therefore, data users are urged to use caution when comparing 2002 CFS estimates with estimates from prior years.

SOURCE: Bureau of Transportation Statistics (USDOT) and U.S. Census Bureau, 2002 Commodity Flow Survey, Individual State Data, December 2004.