Table 6. Shipment Characteristics by Two-Digit Commodity and Mode of Transportation for State of Origin: 2002

Table 6. Shipment Characteristics by Two-Digit Commodity and Mode of Transportation for State of Origin: 2002

[Estimates are based on data from the Commodity Flow Survey. Because of rounding, estimates may not be additive]

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All Commodities2

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 177,395 100.0 259,594 100.0 46,724 100.0 589
Single modes 153,770 86.7 241,834 93.2 41,445 88.7 236
Truck3 89,594 50.5 159,578 61.5 19,452 41.6 130
For-hire Truck 37,244 21.0 40,625 15.6 15,055 32.2 504
Private Truck 51,527 29.0 118,787 45.8 4,360 9.3 50
Rail 4,874 2.7 26,931 10.4 14,516 31.1 1,387
Water 2,304 1.3 S S 3,931 8.4 1,196
Shallow draft S S S S S S 310
Great Lakes
Deep draft 647 0.4 S S 868 1.9 1,358
Air (including truck and air) S S 205 S S 2,450
Pipeline4 5,085 2.9 24,254 9.3 S S S
Multiple modes 19,635 11.1 2,267 0.9 4,292 9.2 1,135
Parcel, USPS or courier 18,252 10.3 475 0.2 482 1.0 1,128
Truck and rail 791 0.4 1,134 0.4 2,249 4.8 2,016
Truck and water 569 0.3 628 0.2 1,552 3.3 1,911
Rail and water
Other multiple modes S S S S S S 396
Other and unknown modes 3,990 2.2 15,493 6.0 987 2.1 S

SCTG 1, Live animals and live fish

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes
Single modes
Truck3
For-hire Truck
Private Truck
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes
Parcel, USPS or courier
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

SCTG 2, Cereal grains

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes S S 17,113 100.0 1,079 100.0 137
Single modes S S 16,920 98.9 984 91.2 118
Truck3 509 23.0 4,852 28.4 S S 118
For-hire Truck S S S S S S 142
Private Truck S S S S S S 89
Rail S S S S S S S
Water S S S S 585 54.2 187
Shallow draft S S S S 585 54.2 187
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes
Parcel, USPS or courier
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 491

SCTG 3, Other agricultural products

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 2,988 100.0 S S S S 603
Single modes 2,724 91.2 S S S S 600
Truck3 1,899 63.6 S S 2,855 78.0 576
For-hire Truck 1,270 42.5 S S 2,656 72.6 938
Private Truck 630 21.1 2,280 27.7 S S 152
Rail S S S S S S 2,560
Water S S S S S S 377
Shallow draft S S S S S S 377
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 595
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 1,333
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 1,283
Truck and rail
Truck and water S S S S S S 2,955
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 31

SCTG 4, Animal feed and products of animal origin, nec

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 1,935 100.0 9,065 100.0 S S 79
Single modes S S 8,815 97.2 S S S
Truck3 S S S S S S S
For-hire Truck S S S S S S S
Private Truck S S S S S S 77
Rail S S S S S S 4
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 1,709
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 162
Truck and rail S S S S S S 3,255
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 63

SCTG 5, Meat, fish,s eafood, and their preparations

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 3,607 100.0 1,055 100.0 847 100.0 494
Single modes 3,525 97.7 1,037 98.3 836 98.6 473
Truck3 3,514 97.4 1,035 98.2 832 98.2 467
For-hire Truck 2,826 78.4 741 70.3 662 78.1 765
Private Truck S S S S S S S
Rail
Water S S S S S S 2,772
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft S S S S S S 2,772
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 2,247
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 2,288
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 1,849
Truck and rail
Truck and water S S S S S S 2,817
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S S

SCTG 6, Milled grain products and preparations, and bakery products

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes S S S S S S 349
Single modes S S S S S S 358
Truck3 893 66.2 S S S S 179
For-hire Truck S S S S S S 304
Private Truck 465 34.5 357 15.1 S S 93
Rail S S S S S S 1,021
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 2,586
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes
Parcel, USPS or courier
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 3

SCTG 7, Other prepared food stuffs and fats and oils

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 6,732 100.0 6,303 100.0 3,601 100.0 294
Single modes 6,583 97.8 6,186 98.1 3,498 97.1 227
Truck3 6,350 94.3 5,783 91.8 2,576 71.5 222
For-hire Truck 3,214 47.7 2,880 45.7 2,181 60.6 615
Private Truck 3,133 46.5 2,903 46.1 395 11.0 68
Rail 230 3.4 400 6.3 917 25.5 1,842
Water S S S S S S 2,066
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft S S S S S S 2,066
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes 58 0.9 45 0.7 101 2.8 1,304
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 1,288
Truck and rail 16 0.2 20 0.3 48 1.3 2,416
Truck and water 8 0.1 23 0.4 51 1.4 2,150
Rail and water
Other multiple modes S S S S S S 1,866
Other and unknown modes S S S S 2 68

SCTG 8, Alcoholic beverages

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 1,774 100.0 1,111 100.0 329 100.0 S
Single modes 1,724 97.2 1,101 99.0 321 97.7 S
Truck3 1,723 97.2 1,101 99.0 321 97.7 S
For-hire Truck 886 50.0 414 37.3 261 79.3 233
Private Truck 837 47.2 686 61.7 61 18.4 S
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 1,593
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 1,803
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 1,820
Truck and rail
Truck and water S S S S S S 1,679
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 2,397

SCTG 9, Tobacco products

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 246 100.0 9 100.0 1 100.0 104
Single modes 246 100.0 9 100.0 1 100.0 104
Truck3 246 100.0 9 100.0 1 100.0 104
For-hire Truck
Private Truck 246 100.0 9 100.0 1 100.0 104
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes
Parcel, USPS or courier
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

SCTG 10, Monumental or building stone

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes S S 731 100.0 S S 562
Single modes S S 688 94.1 S S 105
Truck3 S S 688 94.1 S S 105
For-hire Truck S S S S S S 275
Private Truck S S 629 86.0 S S 20
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 947
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 544
Truck and rail
Truck and water S S S S S S 1,487
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

SCTG 11, Natural sands

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes S S 2,923 100.0 S S 173
Single modes S S 2,567 87.8 S S 30
Truck3 S S 2,567 87.8 S S 30
For-hire Truck S S S S S S 43
Private Truck 14 20.8 S S 46 17.5 S
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 1,867
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 29
Truck and rail
Truck and water S S S S S S 1,956
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 250

SCTG 12, Gravel and crushed stone

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes S S S S S S S
Single modes S S S S S S S
Truck3 S S S S S S S
For-hire Truck 43 7.4 5,705 5.6 114 3.1 19
Private Truck S S S S S S S
Rail S S S S S S 332
Water S S S S S S 105
Shallow draft S S S S S S 105
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 2,666
Parcel, USPS or courier
Truck and rail
Truck and water S S S S S S 2,666
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S 3,062 3.0 142 3.8 50

SCTG 13, Non-metallic minerals nec

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 18 100.0 S S 44 100.0 S
Single modes 17 94.3 S S 43 99.7 S
Truck3 12 69.6 S S 22 50.7 S
For-hire Truck S S S S 16 37.2 S
Private Truck 3 17.9 S S S S S
Rail S S S S S S 851
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes
Parcel, USPS or courier
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 43

SCTG 14, Metallic ores and concentrates

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes S S S S S S 948
Single modes S S S S S S 948
Truck3 S S S S S S 948
For-hire Truck S S S S S S 970
Private Truck S S S S S S 739
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes
Parcel, USPS or courier
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

SCTG 15, Coal

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes S S S S S S 7
Single modes
Truck3
For-hire Truck
Private Truck
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes
Parcel, USPS or courier
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 7

SCTG 17, Gasoline and aviation turbine fuel

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 7,360 100.0 29,743 100.0 2,984 100.0 39
Single modes 7,275 98.8 29,347 98.7 2,954 99.0 39
Truck3 3,142 42.7 11,604 39.0 485 16.2 38
For-hire Truck 487 6.6 1,740 5.8 95 3.2 54
Private Truck 2,655 36.1 9,865 33.2 389 13.1 35
Rail
Water S S S S S S 348
Shallow draft S S S S S S 121
Great Lakes
Deep draft S S S S S S 950
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline4 3,627 49.3 16,192 54.4 S S S
Multiple modes
Parcel, USPS or courier
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S S

SCTG 18, Fuel oils

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 2,972 100.0 14,318 100.0 1,653 100.0 S
Single modes 2,708 91.1 13,267 92.7 1,647 99.6 S
Truck3 1,084 36.5 3,989 27.9 125 7.5 S
For-hire Truck 165 5.5 604 4.2 48 2.9 S
Private Truck S S S S 77 4.6 22
Rail 27 0.9 135 0.9 37 2.2 274
Water S S S S S S 87
Shallow draft S S S S S S 81
Great Lakes
Deep draft S S S S S S 126
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline4 1,419 47.8 7,906 55.2 S S S
Multiple modes
Parcel, USPS or courier
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 4

SCTG 19, Coal and petroleum products, nec

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 1,653 100.0 5,864 100.0 S S S
Single modes 1,649 99.8 5,846 99.7 S S S
Truck3 1,234 74.7 2,640 45.0 112 9.7 20
For-hire Truck 125 7.6 651 11.1 65 5.6 114
Private Truck S S 1,990 33.9 48 4.1 19
Rail S S S S S S 699
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline4 S S S S S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 40
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 39
Truck and rail S S S S S S 94
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 11

SCTG 20, Basic chemicals

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes S S S S 375 100.0 S
Single modes S S S S 319 85.2 S
Truck3 S S S S S S S
For-hire Truck S S S S S S S
Private Truck S S S S S S S
Rail 30 3.6 152 7.7 104 27.7 644
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes S S 25 1.3 56 14.8 895
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 824
Truck and rail 26 3.0 23 1.2 54 14.3 2,309
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 2

SCTG 21, Pharmaceutical products

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 3,062 100.0 S S S S 1,827
Single modes 1,231 40.2 32 30.8 S S 2,017
Truck3 1,191 38.9 31 30.0 S S S
For-hire Truck S S S S S S S
Private Truck 380 12.4 S S S S 21
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) 41 1.3 S S S S 2,485
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes 1,824 59.6 7 6.4 5 11.3 1,698
Parcel, USPS or courier 1,824 59.6 7 6.4 5 11.3 1,698
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 454

SCTG 22, Fertilizers

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes S S S S 376 100.0 S
Single modes S S S S 376 100.0 S
Truck3 S S S S 126 33.5 S
For-hire Truck 42 12.0 281 14.7 70 18.5 233
Private Truck S S S S S S 22
Rail S S S S S S 834
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 2,707
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes
Parcel, USPS or courier
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

SCTG 23, Chemical products and preparations, nec

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 1,908 100.0 643 100.0 S S 81
Single modes 1,526 80.0 615 95.6 S S 58
Truck3 1,520 79.7 599 93.1 S S 57
For-hire Truck 260 13.6 S S S S S
Private Truck 1,260 66.0 536 83.3 S S 51
Rail S S S S S S 2,706
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 1,991
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S S
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S S
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S S

SCTG 24, Plastics and rubber

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 1,735 100.0 451 100.0 250 100.0 760
Single modes 1,165 67.1 394 87.2 174 69.6 S
Truck3 1,141 65.7 388 85.9 172 68.6 S
For-hire Truck 791 45.6 S S 165 66.1 668
Private Truck 350 20.2 103 22.8 6 2.5 33
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 2,743
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 1,335
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 1,334
Truck and rail
Truck and water S S S S S S 1,981
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes 27 1.6 6 1.3 S S S

SCTG 25, Logs and other wood in the rough

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 636 100.0 3,391 100.0 792 100.0 319
Single modes S S S S S S 286
Truck3 S S S S S S 189
For-hire Truck S S S S S S 209
Private Truck S S S S S S 35
Rail S S S S S S 563
Water S S S S S S 22
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft S S S S S S 22
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 2,711
Parcel, USPS or courier
Truck and rail S S S S S S 493
Truck and water S S S S S S 2,992
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 133

SCTG 26, Wood products

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 5,091 100.0 17,191 100.0 12,287 100.0 219
Single modes 4,653 91.4 16,566 96.4 11,117 90.5 185
Truck3 3,642 71.5 11,382 66.2 3,181 25.9 147
For-hire Truck 2,385 46.8 7,859 45.7 2,740 22.3 332
Private Truck 1,255 24.7 S S S S 80
Rail 874 17.2 4,896 28.5 7,598 61.8 1,685
Water S S S S S S 918
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft S S S S S S 918
Air (including truck and air) 8 0.2 S S S S 2,642
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 696
Parcel, USPS or courier 31 0.6 2 1 485
Truck and rail 151 3.0 190 1.1 405 3.3 2,050
Truck and water S S S S S S 2,250
Rail and water
Other multiple modes S S S S S S 9
Other and unknown modes 101 2.0 S S S S S

SCTG 27, Pulp, newsprint, paper, and paper board

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 2,057 100.0 3,505 100.0 2,595 100.0 138
Single modes 1,891 91.9 3,282 93.6 2,324 89.6 146
Truck3 1,388 67.5 2,351 67.1 1,268 48.9 119
For-hire Truck 963 46.8 1,900 54.2 1,193 46.0 518
Private Truck 423 20.6 448 12.8 73 2.8 51
Rail 459 22.3 881 25.1 1,041 40.1 1,378
Water S S S S S S 369
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft S S S S S S 369
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes 89 4.3 123 3.5 248 9.6 S
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 40
Truck and rail 60 2.9 87 2.5 184 7.1 2,067
Truck and water S S S S S S 3,021
Rail and water
Other multiple modes S S S S S S 467
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S S

SCTG 28, Paper or paper board articles

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 2,572 100.0 2,201 100.0 958 100.0 185
Single modes 2,345 91.2 2,079 94.5 702 73.3 121
Truck3 2,242 87.2 2,021 91.8 595 62.1 109
For-hire Truck 1,633 63.5 1,400 63.6 556 58.1 359
Private Truck S S S S S S 40
Rail 95 3.7 56 2.5 104 10.9 1,959
Water S S S S S S 1,806
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft S S S S S S 1,806
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 1,864
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes 218 8.5 S S S S S
Parcel, USPS or courier 70 2.7 S S 2 0.2 S
Truck and rail 109 4.3 S S S S 2,284
Truck and water S S S S S S 2,766
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S S

SCTG 29, Printed products

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 1,548 100.0 S S S S 578
Single modes 1,123 72.5 S S S S S
Truck3 1,119 72.3 S S S S S
For-hire Truck S S S S S S 1,209
Private Truck 199 12.8 12 6.6 S
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 2,459
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes S S 7 3.9 S S 908
Parcel, USPS or courier S S 7 3.8 S S 909
Truck and rail
Truck and water S S S S S S 296
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes 55 3.6 S S S S S

SCTG 30, Textiles, leather,and articles of textiles or leather

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 5,433 100.0 519 100.0 567 100.0 1,043
Single modes 3,628 66.8 446 85.9 491 86.7 1,109
Truck3 3,580 65.9 432 83.2 S S 1,033
For-hire Truck 2,188 40.3 282 54.2 S S 1,562
Private Truck 1,392 25.6 S S 16 2.8 76
Rail S S S S S S 2,530
Water S S S S S S 2,008
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft S S S S S S 2,008
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 2,834
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes 1,647 30.3 67 13.0 73 12.9 1,095
Parcel, USPS or courier 1,597 29.4 58 11.2 55 9.7 1,094
Truck and rail S S S S S S 2,163
Truck and water S S S S S S 2,005
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes 158 2.9 6 1.1 S S S

SCTG 31, Nonmetallic mineral products

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes S S S S 873 100.0 S
Single modes S S S S 608 69.6 114
Truck3 S S S S 513 58.8 102
For-hire Truck 299 7.7 708 22.6 334 38.3 266
Private Truck S S S S S S 92
Rail S S S S S S 1,307
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 1,999
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes 85 2.2 67 2.1 S S 772
Parcel, USPS or courier 71 1.8 5 0.2 6 0.7 759
Truck and rail S S S S S S 2,750
Truck and water S S S S S S 2,557
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S S

SCTG 32, Base metal in primary or semifinished forms and in finished basic shapes

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 2,116 100.0 2,100 100.0 S S S
Single modes 1,995 94.3 1,959 93.3 S S S
Truck3 1,833 86.6 1,595 76.0 406 37.3 169
For-hire Truck 945 44.7 S S 351 32.2 822
Private Truck 881 41.6 997 47.5 54 5.0 86
Rail S S S S S S 1,620
Water S S S S S S 210
Shallow draft S S S S S S 210
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) 3 0.1 S S S S 2,057
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes 55 2.6 S S S S 556
Parcel, USPS or courier 9 0.4 1 526
Truck and rail 44 2.1 S S S S 2,245
Truck and water S S S S S S 1,021
Rail and water
Other multiple modes S S S S S S 1,841
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S S

SCTG 33, Articles of base metal

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 3,262 100.0 1,170 100.0 404 100.0 524
Single modes 2,735 83.9 1,145 97.9 385 95.4 215
Truck3 2,620 80.3 1,119 95.7 341 84.6 164
For-hire Truck 1,418 43.5 525 44.8 257 63.6 S
Private Truck 1,084 33.2 525 44.9 67 16.7 73
Rail
Water S S S S S S 1,872
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft S S S S S S 1,872
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 2,042
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes 432 13.3 14 1.2 S S 1,101
Parcel, USPS or courier 432 13.2 13 1.1 S S 1,101
Truck and rail
Truck and water S S S S S S 1,071
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 257

SCTG 34, Machinery

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 3,855 100.0 433 100.0 596 100.0 S
Single modes 3,035 78.7 388 89.6 566 95.0 S
Truck3 2,988 77.5 387 89.4 565 94.7 S
For-hire Truck 2,052 53.2 277 64.0 541 90.8 842
Private Truck 932 24.2 110 25.4 S S 38
Rail
Water S S S S S S 953
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft S S S S S S 953
Air (including truck and air) S S S S 1 0.2 1,970
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S S
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S S
Truck and rail S S S S S S 226
Truck and water S S S S S S 3,077
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes 102 2.6 11 2.6 S S S

SCTG 35, Electronic and other electrical equipment and components and office equipment

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 14,266 100.0 468 100.0 263 100.0 531
Single modes 9,016 63.2 398 85.1 198 75.4 S
Truck3 6,823 47.8 385 82.4 174 66.2 S
For-hire Truck 3,716 26.0 162 34.5 167 63.6 S
Private Truck 3,099 21.7 S S 7 2.6 S
Rail S S S S S S 2,145
Water S S S S S S 872
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft S S S S S S 872
Air (including truck and air) 2,187 15.3 12 2.5 23 8.7 2,406
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes 4,743 33.2 51 10.9 50 19.2 1,080
Parcel, USPS or courier 4,720 33.1 48 10.2 44 16.6 1,076
Truck and rail S S S S S S 2,208
Truck and water S S S S S S 2,899
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S S

SCTG 36, Motorized and other vehicles (including parts)

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 2,082 100.0 312 100.0 205 100.0 487
Single modes 1,461 70.2 231 74.1 132 64.6 S
Truck3 1,461 70.2 231 74.1 132 64.5 S
For-hire Truck 507 24.3 75 24.2 107 52.5 1,194
Private Truck 953 45.8 156 49.9 25 12.1 S
Rail
Water S S S S S S 2,194
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft S S S S S S 2,194
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 1,158
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes 486 23.3 S S S S 740
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 717
Truck and rail 11 0.5 4 1.3 11 5.6 2,866
Truck and water 13 0.6 2 0.5 3 1.3 1,828
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes 135 6.5 S S S S S

SCTG 37, Transportation equipment, nec

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes S S 245 100.0 S S 794
Single modes S S 228 93.0 S S 430
Truck3 S S S S S S 190
For-hire Truck S S S S S S 1,093
Private Truck 1,007 2.0 39 15.8 9 4.2 S
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 2,487
Pipeline4 S S S S S S S
Multiple modes 642 1.3 2 0.7 3 1.3 1,596
Parcel, USPS or courier 642 1.3 2 0.7 3 1.3 1,596
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 1,604

SCTG 38, Precision instruments and apparatus

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 5,080 100.0 S S S S S
Single modes 2,329 45.8 S S 11 31.9 S
Truck3 1,219 24.0 S S 7 19.2 S
For-hire Truck 1,008 19.8 S S 5 13.7 S
Private Truck S S S S S S S
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S 5 12.7 2,577
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes 2,188 43.1 S S 6 17.1 822
Parcel, USPS or courier 2,188 43.1 S S 6 17.1 822
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 2,206

SCTG 39, Furniture, mattresses and mattress supports, lamps, lighting fittings

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 2,044 100.0 328 100.0 S S S
Single modes 1,905 93.2 316 96.4 S S S
Truck3 1,860 91.0 302 92.3 S S S
For-hire Truck 533 26.1 105 31.9 S S 574
Private Truck 1,301 63.6 193 58.9 S S 110
Rail S S S S S S 2,651
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 2,442
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes S S 9 2.9 S S 1,133
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 627
Truck and rail
Truck and water S S S S S S 2,094
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S S

SCTG 40, Miscellaneous manufactured products

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 5,536 100.0 737 100.0 416 100.0 1,494
Single modes 2,005 36.2 631 85.6 244 58.6 419
Truck3 1,953 35.3 626 85.0 232 55.8 S
For-hire Truck 1,333 24.1 S S 205 49.1 1,138
Private Truck 621 11.2 S S S S 44
Rail S S S S S S 2,304
Water S S S S S S 3,014
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft S S S S S S 3,014
Air (including truck and air) 26 0.5 1 S S 2,579
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes 3,141 56.7 S S S S 1,608
Parcel, USPS or courier 3,133 56.6 S S S S 1,608
Truck and rail
Truck and water S S S S S S 2,521
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S 18 2.5 14 3.3 S

SCTG 41, Waste and scrap

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes S S S S 1,337 100.0 287
Single modes S S S S S S S
Truck3 S S S S S S S
For-hire Truck S S S S S S 42
Private Truck S S S S S S S
Rail S S S S S S 372
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes S S 673 23.0 1,264 94.5 1,793
Parcel, USPS or courier
Truck and rail S S 673 23.0 1,264 94.5 1,793
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 7

SCTG 43, Mixed freight

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 22,101 100.0 6,053 100.0 857 100.0 425
Single modes 21,046 95.2 5,897 97.4 772 90.1 135
Truck3 20,924 94.7 5,864 96.9 710 82.8 118
For-hire Truck 2,534 11.5 860 14.2 223 26.0 321
Private Truck 18,280 82.7 4,956 81.9 478 55.7 70
Rail S S S S S S 2,346
Water S S S S S S 1,413
Shallow draft S S S S S S 478
Great Lakes
Deep draft S S S S S S 1,863
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 2,038
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes 950 4.3 69 1.1 77 8.9 993
Parcel, USPS or courier 864 3.9 49 0.8 43 5.0 985
Truck and rail
Truck and water S S 20 0.3 34 3.9 1,844
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S S

Commodity unknown

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 438 100.0 220 100.0 S S 689
Single modes 405 92.5 183 83.0 S S S
Truck3 399 91.0 168 76.4 S S S
For-hire Truck S S S S S S 846
Private Truck S S S S 2 1.4 S
Rail S S 15 6.6 S S 930
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes 32 7.3 1 0.5 S S 1,749
Parcel, USPS or courier 32 7.3 1 0.5 S S 1,749
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 750

KEY:
– Represents data cell equal to zero or less than 1 unit of measure.
S Estimate does not meet publication standards because of high sampling variability or poor response quality.

1 Ton-miles estimates are based on estimated distances traveled along a modeled transportation network. See "Mileage Calculations" section for additional information.
2 Estimates exclude shipments of crude petroleum (SCTG 16).
3 "Truck" as a single mode includes shipments that were made by only private truck, only for-hire truck, or a combination of private tuck and for-hire truck.
4 Estimates for pipeline exclude shipments of crude petroleum.

NOTES: Value-of-shipments estimates have not been adjusted for price changes. Appendix B tables provide estimated measures of sampling variability. The Introduction and appendixes give information on confidentiality protection, sampling error, nonsampling error, sample design, and definitions. Links to this information on the Internet may be found at www.census.gov/cfs. Coverage for the 2002 Commodity Flow Survey (CFS) differs from the previous surveys due to a change from the 1987 Standard Industrial Classification System to the 1997 North American Industry Classification System and other survey improvements. Therefore, data users are urged to use caution when comparing 2002 CFS estimates with estimates from prior years.

SOURCE: Bureau of Transportation Statistics (USDOT) and U.S. Census Bureau, 2002 Commodity Flow Survey, Individual State Data, December 2004.