Table 13 - Shipment Characteristics by Destination and Mode of Transportation for State of Origin: 2002

Table 13 - Shipment Characteristics by Destination and Mode of Transportation for State of Origin: 2002

[Estimates are based on data from the Commodity Flow Survey. Because of rounding, estimates may not be additive]

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Total

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 177,395 100.0 259,594 100.0 46,724 100.0 589
Single modes 153,770 86.7 241,834 93.2 41,445 88.7 236
Truck 89,594 50.5 159,578 61.5 19,452 41.6 130
For-hire truck 37,244 21.0 40,625 15.6 15,055 32.2 504
Private truck 51,527 29.0 118,787 45.8 4,360 9.3 50
Rail 4,874 2.7 26,931 10.4 14,516 31.1 1,387
Water 2,304 1.3 S S 3,931 8.4 1,196
Shallow draft S S S S S S 310
Great Lakes
Deep draft 647 0.4 S S 868 1.9 1,358
Air (including truck and air) S S 205 S S 2,450
Pipeline3 5,085 2.9 24,254 9.3 S S S
Multiple modes 19,635 11.1 2,267 0.9 4,292 9.2 1,135
Parcel, USPS or courier 18,252 10.3 475 0.2 482 1.0 1,128
Truck and rail 791 0.4 1,134 0.4 2,249 4.8 2,016
Truck and water 569 0.3 628 0.2 1,552 3.3 1,911
Rail and water
Other multiple modes S S S S S S 396
Other and unknown modes 3,990 2.2 15,493 6.0 987 2.1 S

Alabama

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 281 100.0 101 100.0 278 100.0 2,717
Single modes 128 45.7 98 96.7 268 96.4 2,661
Truck 84 29.8 29 28.8 77 27.8 2,619
For-hire truck 84 29.8 29 28.8 77 27.8 2,619
Private truck
Rail S S S S S S 2,935
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 2,843
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 2,723
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 2,723
Truck and rail S S S S S S 3,127
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 2,740

Alaska

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 918 100.0 511 100.0 730 100.0 1,225
Single modes 290 31.6 203 39.8 171 23.4 1,100
Truck 139 15.1 151 29.7 80 10.9 501
For-hire truck 84 9.2 78 15.2 40 5.5 449
Private truck 55 6.0 74 14.5 39 5.4 535
Rail
Water 135 14.7 51 10.0 S S 1,243
Shallow draft S S S S S S 393
Great Lakes
Deep draft S S S S S S 1,355
Air (including truck and air) 16 1.8 1 0.2 S S 1,923
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 507 55.3 238 46.7 448 61.4 1,327
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 975
Truck and rail
Truck and water 335 36.5 234 45.8 445 61.0 1,714
Rail and water
Other multiple modes S S S S S S 1,866
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 909

Arizona

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 837 100.0 767 100.0 1,171 100.0 1,505
Single modes 610 72.9 730 95.2 1,112 94.9 1,567
Truck 425 50.8 272 35.4 388 33.1 1,415
For-hire truck 392 46.9 226 29.5 324 27.7 1,415
Private truck S S 45 5.9 64 5.5 1,434
Rail 95 11.3 455 59.4 719 61.4 1,610
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 1,685
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 222 26.5 37 4.8 59 5.0 1,490
Parcel, USPS or courier 197 23.5 7 0.9 10 0.8 1,490
Truck and rail 25 3.0 30 3.9 49 4.2 1,646
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 1,303

Arkansas

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 522 100.0 182 100.0 396 100.0 2,251
Single modes 450 86.2 S S S S 2,212
Truck 421 80.7 S S S S 2,101
For-hire truck 291 55.7 S S 160 40.5 2,107
Private truck S S S S S S 2,071
Rail S S S S S S 2,582
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 2,823
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 2,259
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 2,257
Truck and rail S S S S S S 2,573
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 2,142

California

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 11,661 100.0 7,608 100.0 7,840 100.0 1,033
Single modes 8,942 76.7 7,199 94.6 7,355 93.8 1,166
Truck 6,170 52.9 3,803 50.0 3,573 45.6 951
For-hire truck 4,540 38.9 3,421 45.0 3,212 41.0 947
Private truck 1,624 13.9 380 5.0 359 4.6 960
Rail 841 7.2 S S 3,134 40.0 1,082
Water S S S S S S 1,330
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft S S S S S S 1,330
Air (including truck and air) 1,686 14.5 S S 30 0.4 1,800
Pipeline3 S S S S S S S
Multiple modes 2,249 19.3 371 4.9 452 5.8 1,002
Parcel, USPS or courier 2,103 18.0 46 0.6 44 0.6 1,001
Truck and rail 145 1.2 322 4.2 404 5.2 1,293
Truck and water S S S S S S 1,377
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S 38 0.5 33 0.4 960

Colorado

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 672 100.0 343 100.0 461 100.0 1,479
Single modes 379 56.4 325 94.9 437 94.7 1,901
Truck 306 45.6 206 59.9 265 57.5 1,244
For-hire truck 306 45.6 206 59.9 265 57.5 1,244
Private truck
Rail 36 5.3 119 34.8 171 37.0 1,417
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) 37 5.5 0.1 1 0.2 2,262
Pipeline3 S S S S S S S
Multiple modes 250 37.1 16 4.7 23 5.0 1,355
Parcel, USPS or courier 242 36.1 6 1.8 8 1.8 1,355
Truck and rail 7 1.1 S S S S 1,536
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S 1 0.4 2 0.3 1,336

Connecticut

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 213 100.0 104 100.0 S S 2,970
Single modes 70 33.0 S S S S 2,969
Truck 14 6.4 S S S S 2,909
For-hire truck 14 6.4 S S S S 2,909
Private truck
Rail S S S S S S 3,178
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 2,978
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 140 65.5 3 2.6 8 2.4 2,971
Parcel, USPS or courier 140 65.5 3 2.6 8 2.4 2,971
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 2,950

Delaware

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 81 100.0 S S S S 2,812
Single modes S S S S S S 2,865
Truck S S S S S S 2,865
For-hire truck S S S S S S 2,865
Private truck
Rail S S S S S S 2,964
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 2,644
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 2,773
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 2,773
Truck and rail S S S S S S 3,052
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

District of Columbia

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes S S S S S S 2,776
Single modes S S S S S S 2,765
Truck S S S S S S 2,765
For-hire truck S S S S S S 2,765
Private truck
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 2,776
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 2,776
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

Florida

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 1,665 100.0 396 100.0 1,237 100.0 3,151
Single modes 1,042 62.6 385 97.2 1,202 97.1 3,211
Truck 845 50.7 275 69.5 856 69.2 3,176
For-hire truck 833 50.0 247 62.3 773 62.5 3,177
Private truck S S S S S S 2,925
Rail S S S S S S 3,152
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S 1 0.1 2 0.1 3,230
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 589 35.4 8 2.1 27 2.1 3,141
Parcel, USPS or courier 586 35.2 7 1.7 22 1.8 3,141
Truck and rail S S S S S S 3,158
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 3,103

Georgia

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 745 100.0 309 100.0 859 100.0 2,721
Single modes 442 59.3 243 78.7 659 76.7 2,712
Truck 305 41.0 92 29.7 240 27.9 2,671
For-hire truck 304 40.8 91 29.4 237 27.6 2,671
Private truck S S S S S S 2,664
Rail 97 13.0 151 49.0 419 48.8 2,877
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 2,760
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 251 33.7 65 21.2 199 23.1 2,719
Parcel, USPS or courier S S 5 1.6 13 1.6 2,719
Truck and rail 32 4.4 60 19.6 185 21.6 3,010
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 2,744

Hawaii

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 310 100.0 411 100.0 1,196 100.0 3,251
Single modes 40 13.0 S S S S 4,342
Truck
For-hire truck
Private truck
Rail
Water 26 8.3 S S S S 2,940
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft 26 8.3 S S S S 2,940
Air (including truck and air) 15 4.7 S S S S 4,484
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 257 83.0 380 92.5 1,102 92.2 3,106
Parcel, USPS or courier 30 9.6 1 0.1 1 0.1 3,158
Truck and rail
Truck and water 227 73.4 380 92.3 1,101 92.1 2,948
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 2,959

Idaho

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 3,620 100.0 2,918 100.0 851 100.0 326
Single modes 3,105 85.8 2,852 97.7 837 98.5 303
Truck 2,922 80.7 2,569 88.0 644 75.7 194
For-hire truck 1,529 42.2 1,557 53.4 517 60.8 251
Private truck 1,296 35.8 994 34.1 126 14.8 168
Rail 95 2.6 283 9.7 193 22.7 683
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 3,487
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 497 13.7 25 0.9 8 1.0 356
Parcel, USPS or courier 497 13.7 25 0.9 8 1.0 356
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes 19 0.5 S S S S S

Illinois

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 2,086 100.0 1,047 100.0 2,248 100.0 2,101
Single modes 1,598 76.6 887 84.7 1,886 83.9 2,427
Truck 1,376 65.9 335 32.1 656 29.2 2,029
For-hire truck 1,376 65.9 335 32.1 656 29.2 2,029
Private truck
Rail 211 10.1 551 52.6 1,230 54.7 2,224
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 2,825
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 482 23.1 S S S S 2,036
Parcel, USPS or courier 335 16.1 8 0.8 17 0.7 2,035
Truck and rail S S S S S S 2,260
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 2,017

Indiana

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 520 100.0 74 100.0 166 100.0 2,170
Single modes 298 57.2 48 65.3 107 64.2 2,058
Truck 288 55.3 45 61.2 99 59.8 2,244
For-hire truck 288 55.3 45 61.2 99 59.8 2,244
Private truck
Rail S S S S S S 2,423
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) 7 1.4 S S S S 1,936
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 126 24.2 26 34.6 59 35.7 2,202
Parcel, USPS or courier 99 19.0 S S S S 2,202
Truck and rail S S S S S S 2,419
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 2,260

Iowa

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 401 100.0 S S S S 1,770
Single modes 306 76.4 S S S S 1,890
Truck 277 69.2 64 16.2 106 14.0 1,806
For-hire truck 277 69.2 64 16.2 106 14.0 1,806
Private truck
Rail 24 6.0 S S S S 2,004
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 2,910
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 1,745
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 1,741
Truck and rail S S S S S S 2,147
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

Kansas

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 254 100.0 37 100.0 67 100.0 1,792
Single modes 83 32.7 32 87.7 59 87.5 1,857
Truck 79 31.1 24 64.1 41 61.2 1,832
For-hire truck 79 31.1 24 64.1 41 61.2 1,832
Private truck
Rail S S S S S S 1,996
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 2,904
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 164 64.3 4 11.9 8 12.2 1,770
Parcel, USPS or courier 162 63.5 3 6.9 5 6.9 1,770
Truck and rail S S S S S S 1,929
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 1,947

Kentucky

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 827 100.0 104 100.0 239 100.0 2,272
Single modes 665 80.4 100 96.3 230 96.2 2,106
Truck 314 38.0 59 56.8 137 57.1 2,317
For-hire truck 314 38.0 59 56.8 137 57.1 2,317
Private truck
Rail S S S S S S 2,410
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) 332 40.1 S S S S 2,037
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 162 19.6 4 3.7 9 3.8 2,355
Parcel, USPS or courier 161 19.4 3 2.5 6 2.5 2,355
Truck and rail S S S S S S 2,449
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

Louisiana

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes S S 114 100.0 298 100.0 2,603
Single modes S S 110 96.5 287 96.4 2,700
Truck S S S S S S 2,619
For-hire truck S S S S S S 2,619
Private truck
Rail S S S S S S 2,754
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 2,791
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 48 16.3 S S S S 2,584
Parcel, USPS or courier 34 11.5 1 1.0 3 1.0 2,583
Truck and rail S S S S S S 2,805
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 2,573

Maine

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 72 100.0 25 100.0 80 100.0 3,187
Single modes 60 83.2 24 98.1 79 98.1 3,139
Truck 55 76.7 18 72.2 59 73.4 3,226
For-hire truck S S 16 64.0 52 64.9 3,223
Private truck S S S S S S 3,328
Rail S S S S S S 3,150
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S 2,892
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 5 7.3 0.7 1 0.7 3,201
Parcel, USPS or courier 5 7.3 0.7 1 0.7 3,201
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 3,171

Maryland

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 535 100.0 50 100.0 136 100.0 2,817
Single modes 221 41.4 41 81.8 108 79.9 2,944
Truck 201 37.6 39 79.2 105 77.3 2,737
For-hire truck 192 35.9 39 79.2 105 77.2 2,736
Private truck S S S S S S 2,762
Rail S S S S S S 2,945
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 3,021
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 308 57.6 S S S S 2,782
Parcel, USPS or courier 302 56.4 3 5.6 8 5.8 2,782
Truck and rail S S S S S S 3,005
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 2,810

Massachusetts

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 445 100.0 95 100.0 290 100.0 3,032
Single modes 134 30.1 74 78.2 224 77.2 2,972
Truck 102 23.0 41 43.3 124 42.7 3,030
For-hire truck 102 23.0 41 43.3 124 42.7 3,030
Private truck
Rail 15 3.3 33 34.7 99 34.3 3,068
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) 17 3.8 S S S S 2,830
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 3,034
Parcel, USPS or courier S S 2 2.3 7 2.3 3,034
Truck and rail S S S S S S 3,242
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 3,079

Michigan

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 1,543 100.0 580 100.0 1,272 100.0 2,311
Single modes 978 63.4 511 88.2 1,115 87.7 2,503
Truck 871 56.4 329 56.7 718 56.5 2,296
For-hire truck 852 55.2 315 54.4 687 54.0 2,290
Private truck 19 1.2 S S S S 2,387
Rail 64 4.2 82 14.2 202 15.9 2,445
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 2,730
Pipeline3 S S S S S S S
Multiple modes 553 35.9 38 6.6 89 7.0 2,253
Parcel, USPS or courier 517 33.5 8 1.4 18 1.4 2,253
Truck and rail 35 2.2 29 5.0 68 5.3 2,363
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes S S S S S S 1,841
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 2,338

Minnesota

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 987 100.0 S S S S 1,683
Single modes 694 70.3 S S S S 1,811
Truck 579 58.6 356 19.3 540 18.4 1,604
For-hire truck 579 58.6 356 19.3 540 18.4 1,604
Private truck
Rail S S S S S S 1,657
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 2,182
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes S S 15 0.8 27 0.9 1,653
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 1,653
Truck and rail S S S S S S 1,826
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 2,251

Mississippi

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 30 100.0 13 100.0 36 100.0 2,404
Single modes 14 47.1 13 99.0 35 99.1 2,641
Truck S S S S S S 2,407
For-hire truck S S S S S S 2,399
Private truck S S S S S S 2,431
Rail S S S S S S 2,788
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 2,984
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes S S 0.9 0.8 2,366
Parcel, USPS or courier S S 0.9 0.8 2,366
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 2,548

Missouri

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 608 100.0 144 100.0 301 100.0 2,158
Single modes 269 44.2 138 95.3 286 95.0 2,396
Truck 214 35.2 84 58.1 166 55.2 2,012
For-hire truck 214 35.2 84 58.1 166 55.2 2,012
Private truck
Rail 47 7.7 54 37.2 120 39.8 2,313
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 2,754
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes S S 7 4.7 15 5.0 2,092
Parcel, USPS or courier S S 3 2.1 6 2.1 2,092
Truck and rail 3 0.5 4 2.6 9 2.8 2,234
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 2,197

Montana

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 1,687 100.0 1,131 100.0 540 100.0 545
Single modes 1,409 83.5 917 81.1 438 81.1 563
Truck 1,391 82.5 844 74.6 366 67.9 384
For-hire truck 554 32.8 489 43.2 256 47.4 424
Private truck 703 41.7 332 29.4 102 18.9 372
Rail S S S S S S 840
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 2,546
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 247 14.6 S S 5 1.0 522
Parcel, USPS or courier 247 14.6 S S 5 1.0 522
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 441

Nebraska

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 139 100.0 S S S S 1,610
Single modes 106 76.1 S S S S 1,689
Truck 105 75.8 S S S S 1,664
For-hire truck 105 75.8 S S S S 1,664
Private truck S S S S S S 1,642
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 2,929
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 33 23.9 S S S S 1,587
Parcel, USPS or courier 33 23.9 S S S S 1,587
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

Nevada

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 517 100.0 166 100.0 181 100.0 981
Single modes 239 46.2 160 96.5 176 97.2 999
Truck 204 39.5 50 30.1 47 26.1 912
For-hire truck 186 36.0 46 27.5 43 23.5 867
Private truck S S S S S S 1,116
Rail S S S S S S 1,166
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 1,287
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 278 53.8 6 3.5 5 2.8 978
Parcel, USPS or courier 278 53.8 6 3.5 5 2.8 978
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

New Hampshire

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 73 100.0 14 100.0 42 100.0 3,057
Single modes 26 35.7 S S S S 3,076
Truck S S S S S S 3,074
For-hire truck S S S S S S 3,074
Private truck
Rail S S S S S S 2,908
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 3,088
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 47 64.3 S S S S 3,056
Parcel, USPS or courier 47 64.1 1 7.3 3 7.5 3,056
Truck and rail S S S S S S 3,274
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

New Jersey

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 575 100.0 145 100.0 421 100.0 2,852
Single modes 372 64.7 137 94.4 395 93.9 2,844
Truck 254 44.2 86 59.3 244 58.0 2,849
For-hire truck 254 44.2 86 59.3 244 58.0 2,849
Private truck
Rail 36 6.2 51 34.7 150 35.6 2,978
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S 1 0.4 2 0.4 2,827
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 196 34.1 8 5.4 24 5.8 2,853
Parcel, USPS or courier 192 33.4 2 1.2 5 1.2 2,853
Truck and rail 4 0.7 S S S S 3,168
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S 0.2 1 0.2 2,857

New Mexico

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 203 100.0 63 100.0 91 100.0 1,478
Single modes 158 78.0 62 98.4 90 98.4 1,516
Truck 149 73.4 62 98.4 90 98.3 1,484
For-hire truck 144 70.8 58 91.3 83 91.1 1,475
Private truck S S S S S S 1,531
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) 9 4.6 2,058
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 45 22.0 1 1.6 1 1.6 1,475
Parcel, USPS or courier 45 22.0 1 1.6 1 1.6 1,475
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

New York

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 1,339 100.0 346 100.0 1,009 100.0 2,826
Single modes 605 45.2 214 61.9 602 59.6 2,841
Truck 338 25.3 159 46.0 432 42.8 2,807
For-hire truck 338 25.2 151 43.6 411 40.7 2,809
Private truck S S S S S S 2,533
Rail 25 1.9 54 15.6 168 16.6 3,086
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 2,882
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 494 36.9 S S S S 2,828
Parcel, USPS or courier 463 34.6 7 1.9 19 1.9 2,828
Truck and rail S S S S S S 2,943
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S 3 0.8 8 0.7 2,694

North Carolina

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 744 100.0 84 100.0 233 100.0 2,788
Single modes 372 49.9 72 85.9 200 85.8 2,714
Truck 335 45.0 66 78.6 182 78.1 2,766
For-hire truck 334 44.8 66 78.6 182 78.0 2,756
Private truck S S S S S S 2,894
Rail S S S S S S 3,025
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 2,696
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 340 45.6 9 11.2 26 11.2 2,781
Parcel, USPS or courier 338 45.4 9 10.3 24 10.2 2,781
Truck and rail S S S S S S 2,901
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 2,941

North Dakota

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 73 100.0 S S S S 1,272
Single modes 14 19.4 S S S S 1,514
Truck S S S S S S 1,323
For-hire truck S S S S S S 1,323
Private truck
Rail S S S S S S 1,333
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 2,789
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 59 80.6 S S S S 1,262
Parcel, USPS or courier 59 80.6 S S S S 1,262
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

Ohio

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 1,202 100.0 284 100.0 663 100.0 2,455
Single modes 692 57.6 259 91.3 601 90.6 2,529
Truck 590 49.1 136 48.0 316 47.8 2,378
For-hire truck 590 49.1 136 48.0 316 47.8 2,378
Private truck
Rail S S S S S S 2,342
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 2,615
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 2,426
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 2,425
Truck and rail S S S S S S 2,588
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes 27 2.2 S S S S 2,442

Oklahoma

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 379 100.0 138 100.0 306 100.0 2,358
Single modes S S S S S S 2,522
Truck S S 36 26.3 72 23.5 1,970
For-hire truck S S 36 26.3 72 23.5 1,970
Private truck
Rail 19 5.1 S S S S 2,277
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 2,899
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 121 31.9 S S S S 2,292
Parcel, USPS or courier 97 25.7 1 0.5 2 0.5 2,291
Truck and rail S S S S S S 2,391
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes 17 4.5 1 0.8 2 0.7 1,808

Oregon

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 10,981 100.0 37,478 100.0 6,464 100.0 262
Single modes 9,667 88.0 37,211 99.3 6,402 99.0 230
Truck 7,395 67.3 9,296 24.8 1,702 26.3 194
For-hire truck 4,461 40.6 5,955 15.9 1,265 19.6 255
Private truck 2,795 25.5 3,278 8.7 425 6.6 157
Rail 230 2.1 S S S S 326
Water 384 3.5 S S S S S
Shallow draft 277 2.5 S S S S 122
Great Lakes
Deep draft S S S S S S S
Air (including truck and air) 102 0.9 S S S S 1,705
Pipeline3 1,556 14.2 8,433 22.5 S S S
Multiple modes 1,234 11.2 86 0.2 23 0.4 296
Parcel, USPS or courier 1,229 11.2 56 0.1 16 0.2 296
Truck and rail 6 29 7 0.1 242
Truck and water S S S S S S 371
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes 80 0.7 S S S S 194

Pennsylvania

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 1,207 100.0 259 100.0 722 100.0 2,772
Single modes 882 73.0 228 88.0 629 87.0 2,833
Truck 610 50.5 99 38.1 262 36.3 2,713
For-hire truck 610 50.5 99 38.1 262 36.3 2,713
Private truck
Rail 86 7.1 129 49.6 364 50.4 2,831
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) 186 15.4 S S S S 2,865
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 280 23.2 28 10.7 85 11.7 2,757
Parcel, USPS or courier 256 21.2 6 2.4 17 2.3 2,756
Truck and rail S S 22 8.4 68 9.4 3,142
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 2,803

Rhode Island

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 39 100.0 S S S S 3,045
Single modes S S S S S S 3,165
Truck S S S S S S 3,065
For-hire truck S S S S S S 3,065
Private truck
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 3,340
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 3,039
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 3,039
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

South Carolina

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 315 100.0 35 100.0 102 100.0 2,725
Single modes 231 73.3 27 77.3 77 75.7 2,416
Truck 221 70.1 23 64.0 64 62.2 2,869
For-hire truck 221 70.1 23 64.0 64 62.2 2,869
Private truck
Rail S S S S S S 2,986
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 2,289
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 84 26.7 S S S S 2,824
Parcel, USPS or courier 77 24.6 2 6.1 6 6.1 2,823
Truck and rail S S S S S S 3,188
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

South Dakota

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 41 100.0 18 100.0 29 100.0 1,433
Single modes S S 18 98.0 28 98.4 1,454
Truck S S 11 61.7 17 57.2 1,338
For-hire truck S S 11 61.7 17 57.2 1,338
Private truck
Rail S S S S S S 1,773
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 2,857
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 9 22.2 S S S S 1,431
Parcel, USPS or courier 9 22.2 S S S S 1,431
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

Tennessee

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 519 100.0 115 100.0 290 100.0 2,503
Single modes 228 44.0 103 89.7 259 89.3 2,419
Truck 191 36.8 51 44.9 121 41.9 2,336
For-hire truck 191 36.8 50 43.8 119 40.9 2,336
Private truck S S S S S S 2,382
Rail S S S S S S 2,684
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) 11 2.2 S S S S 2,620
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes S S 10 8.5 26 8.8 2,513
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 2,513
Truck and rail 5 0.9 7 6.0 19 6.4 2,698
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 2,599

Texas

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 2,600 100.0 735 100.0 1,685 100.0 2,410
Single modes 1,818 69.9 676 92.0 1,542 91.5 2,816
Truck 1,355 52.1 358 48.7 761 45.1 2,226
For-hire truck 1,300 50.0 344 46.8 731 43.4 2,231
Private truck S S S S S S 2,160
Rail 195 7.5 316 43.0 774 46.0 2,460
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) 268 10.3 2 0.3 8 0.4 3,118
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 762 29.3 56 7.6 137 8.1 2,294
Parcel, USPS or courier 734 28.2 19 2.5 40 2.4 2,293
Truck and rail 28 1.1 37 5.1 96 5.7 2,542
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 2,325

Utah

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 753 100.0 556 100.0 490 100.0 899
Single modes 516 68.5 479 86.1 404 82.4 1,063
Truck 468 62.2 358 64.5 285 58.1 820
For-hire truck 422 56.1 322 58.0 257 52.5 816
Private truck 45 5.9 33 6.0 26 5.2 837
Rail S S 120 21.6 119 24.3 973
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) 2 0.3 S S S S 1,600
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 213 28.3 S S S S 842
Parcel, USPS or courier 147 19.5 9 1.6 8 1.6 840
Truck and rail S S S S S S 1,166
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 847

Vermont

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes S S S S 2 100.0 2,963
Single modes S S S S S S 2,726
Truck S S S S S S 2,720
For-hire truck S S S S S S 2,720
Private truck
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 2,817
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes S S S S 2 93.5 2,964
Parcel, USPS or courier S S 30.3 1 73.7 2,965
Truck and rail S S S S S S 363
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

Virginia

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 746 100.0 161 100.0 471 100.0 2,801
Single modes 447 60.0 116 72.1 331 70.4 2,856
Truck S S 100 62.3 282 60.0 2,861
For-hire truck S S 63 39.1 175 37.1 2,861
Private truck S S S S S S 2,879
Rail S S S S S S 3,036
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 2,759
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 299 40.0 44 27.3 137 29.0 2,797
Parcel, USPS or courier 289 38.7 12 7.5 33 7.0 2,796
Truck and rail S S 32 19.8 104 22.1 3,257
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 2,806

Washington

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 122,189 100.0 198,971 100.0 7,545 100.0 52
Single modes 114,159 93.4 183,863 92.4 7,035 93.2 43
Truck 58,735 48.1 138,509 69.6 4,256 56.4 40
For-hire truck 13,620 11.1 24,996 12.6 1,475 19.6 84
Private truck 44,677 36.6 S S 2,774 36.8 33
Rail 2,206 1.8 17,427 8.8 S S 149
Water S S 12,130 6.1 775 10.3 128
Shallow draft S S 11,026 5.5 722 9.6 101
Great Lakes
Deep draft S S S S S S 359
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 1,310
Pipeline3 3,504 2.9 15,695 7.9 S S S
Multiple modes 5,546 4.5 242 0.1 27 0.4 95
Parcel, USPS or courier 5,499 4.5 152 15 0.2 95
Truck and rail 20 S S 3 119
Truck and water S S S S S S S
Rail and water
Other multiple modes S S S S S S S
Other and unknown modes 2,484 2.0 14,865 7.5 484 6.4 18

West Virginia

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 63 100.0 S S S S 2,621
Single modes S S S S S S 2,530
Truck S S S S S S 2,528
For-hire truck S S S S S S 2,528
Private truck
Rail S S S S S S 2,627
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 2,622
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 2,622
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

Wisconsin

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 561 100.0 549 100.0 996 100.0 2,061
Single modes 360 64.2 S S 930 93.4 2,465
Truck 232 41.2 169 30.8 318 31.9 1,933
For-hire truck 232 41.2 169 30.8 318 31.9 1,933
Private truck
Rail 64 11.4 S S S S 2,079
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 2,858
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 165 29.4 S S S S 1,943
Parcel, USPS or courier 137 24.4 4 0.8 8 0.8 1,942
Truck and rail S S S S S S 2,287
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 1,985

Wyoming

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 112 100.0 30 100.0 27 100.0 936
Single modes 82 73.5 27 89.8 24 90.0 887
Truck 81 72.3 26 88.7 23 87.3 759
For-hire truck 35 31.7 S S S S 879
Private truck S S S S S S 645
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 2,688
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 952
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 952
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 821

KEY:
– Represents data cell equal to zero or less than 1 unit of measure.
S Estimate does not meet publication standards because of high sampling variability or poor response quality.

1 Estimates represent activity for a given mode across single and multiple mode shipments. For example, "Truck" ton-miles includes total ton-miles for shipments moving only by truck plus ton-miles for truck segments of multiple mode shipments.
2 Ton-miles estimates are based on estimated distances traveled along a modeled transportation network. See "Mileage Calculations" section for additional information.
3 Estimates for pipeline exclude shipments of crude petroleum.

NOTES: Value-of-shipments estimates have not been adjusted for price changes. Appendix B tables provide estimated measures of sampling variability. The Introduction and appendixes give information on confidentiality protection, sampling error, nonsampling error, sample design, and definitions. Links to this information on the Internet may be found at www.census.gov/cfs. Coverage for the 2002 Commodity Flow Survey (CFS) differs from the previous surveys due to a change from the 1987 Standard Industrial Classification System to the 1997 North American Industry Classification System and other survey improvements. Therefore, data users are urged to use caution when comparing 2002 CFS estimates with estimates from prior years.

SOURCE: Bureau of Transportation Statistics (USDOT) and U.S. Census Bureau, 2002 Commodity Flow Survey, Individual State Data, December 2004.