Table 20 - Shipment Characteristics by Commodity Group and Mode of Transportation for State of Origin: 2002 and 1997

Table 20 - Shipment Characteristics by Commodity Group and Mode of Transportation for State of Origin: 2002 and 1997

[Estimates are based on data from the Commodity Flow Survey. Because of rounding, estimates may not be additive]

Excel | CSV

All Commodities2

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles per shipment
2002
(million $)
1997
(million $)
Percent Change 1997-2002 2002
(thousands)
1997
(thousands)
Percent Change 1997-2002 2002
(millions)
1997
(millions)
Percent change 1997-2002 2002 (average miles) 1997 (average miles) Percent change 1997-2002
All modes 177,395 147,293 20.4 259,594 200,852 29.2 46,724 49,680 −6 589 821 −28.3
Single modes 153,770 118,769 29.5 241,834 167,494 44.4 41,445 42,962 −3.5 236 225 4.9
Truck 89,594 68,374 31 159,578 112,459 41.9 19,452 17,955 8.3 130 150 −13.7
Rail 4,874 4,524 7.7 26,931 13,275 102.9 14,516 15,121 −4 1,387 1,255 10.5
Water 2,304 3,941 −41.5 S 25,799 S 3,931 8,356 −53 1,196 1,326 −9.8
Air (including truck and air) S 38,464 S 205 102 101.2 S 187 S 2,450 2,078 17.9
Pipeline 5,085 3,467 46.7 24,254 15,859 52.9 S S S S S S
Multiple modes 19,635 20,369 −3.6 2,267 3,385 −33 4,292 4,364 −1.6 1,135 1,480 −23.3
Parcel, USPS or courier 18,252 18,295 −0.2 475 395 20.2 482 464 3.7 1,128 1,479 −23.7
Truck and Rail 791 1,280 −38.2 1,134 1,530 −25.9 2,249 2,402 −6.4 2,016 2,029 −0.7
Other multiple modes 592 794 −25.4 658 1,460 −54.9 1,562 1,497 4.3 1,906 1,500 27.1
Other and unknown modes 3,990 8,155 −51.1 15,493 29,972 −48.3 987 S S S S S

SCTG 01-05, Agriculture products and fish

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles per shipment
2002
(million $)
1997
(million $)
Percent Change 1997-2002 2002
(thousands)
1997
(thousands)
Percent Change 1997-2002 2002
(millions)
1997
(millions)
Percent change 1997-2002 2002 (average miles) 1997 (average miles) Percent change 1997-2002
All modes 10,741 14,667 −26.8 35,463 48,110 −26.3 5,952 8,448 −29.5 S S S
Single modes 10,322 10,955 −5.8 34,637 26,021 33.1 5,791 7,487 −22.7 S S S
Truck 7,203 8,216 −12.3 13,409 8,955 49.7 4,370 3,781 15.6 S S S
Rail 1,936 269 620 14,467 1,251 S S 750 S 2,140 1,119 91.2
Water S 2,407 S S 15,803 S 587 2,933 −80 610 369 65.1
Air (including truck and air) S 63 S S S S S S S S 2,087 S
Pipeline S S S S S S
Multiple modes S 192 S 13 S S S S S 1,444 1,514 −4.6
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S S S S 1,320 1,619 −18.4
Truck and Rail S S S S S S S 70 S 3,255 2,515 29.4
Other multiple modes S S S S S S S S S 2,864 1,291 121.8
Other and unknown modes S 3,520 S 812 21,350 −96.2 S 588 S S S S

SCTG 06-09, Grains, alcohol, and tobacco products

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles per shipment
2002
(million $)
1997
(million $)
Percent Change 1997-2002 2002
(thousands)
1997
(thousands)
Percent Change 1997-2002 2002
(millions)
1997
(millions)
Percent change 1997-2002 2002 (average miles) 1997 (average miles) Percent change 1997-2002
All modes 10,101 10,086 0.2 9,786 9,272 5.5 5,549 5,634 −1.5 229 145 58
Single modes 9,866 9,803 0.6 9,621 8,961 7.4 5,438 5,302 2.6 181 103 76.5
Truck 9,213 9,260 −0.5 7,963 8,052 −1.1 3,239 3,489 −7.2 168 95 77.1
Rail S 532 S S 894 S S 1,787 S 1,292 2,151 −39.9
Water S 11 S S 15 S S S S 2,066 1,743 18.5
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S S S S 2,580 1,936 33.2
Pipeline S S S S S S
Multiple modes 99 180 −45 52 148 −64.8 103 274 −62.4 1,324 735 80.1
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S 3 6 −58.4 S S S 1,307 661 97.8
Truck and Rail 16 S S 20 S S 48 S S 2,416 1,771 36.4
Other multiple modes 14 104 −86.9 30 119 −75.1 53 211 −75.1 2,010 1,709 17.6
Other and unknown modes S 102 S S 163 S 8 57 −86.1 S S S

SCTG 10-14, Stones, non-metallic minerals, and metallic ores

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles per shipment
2002
(million $)
1997
(million $)
Percent Change 1997-2002 2002
(thousands)
1997
(thousands)
Percent Change 1997-2002 2002
(millions)
1997
(millions)
Percent change 1997-2002 2002 (average miles) 1997 (average miles) Percent change 1997-2002
All modes 2,647 952 178.2 S 38,667 S 4,121 1,031 299.6 S 22 S
Single modes 2,500 944 164.8 S 38,263 S S 999 S S 21 S
Truck 2,418 923 161.9 S 35,121 S S 749 S S 20 S
Rail 11 11 −2.7 84 264 −68.2 40 153 −73.8 530 945 −43.9
Water S S S S S S S S S 105 35 196.4
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline S S S S S S
Multiple modes S 1 S S S S S S S 992 784 26.5
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S S S S 542 643 −15.7
Truck and Rail S S S S S S 2,749
Other multiple modes S S S S S S S S S 1,542 1,831 −15.8
Other and unknown modes S 7 S 3,359 397 746.2 207 S S 80 S S

SCTG 15-19, Coal and petroleum products

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles per shipment
2002
(million $)
1997
(million $)
Percent Change 1997-2002 2002
(thousands)
1997
(thousands)
Percent Change 1997-2002 2002
(millions)
1997
(millions)
Percent change 1997-2002 2002 (average miles) 1997 (average miles) Percent change 1997-2002
All modes 12,153 8,381 45 57,581 41,381 39.2 5,858 6,883 −14.9 25 24 5.6
Single modes 11,632 8,042 44.6 48,460 35,475 36.6 5,766 6,761 −14.7 S 23 S
Truck 5,461 3,878 40.8 18,234 14,683 24.2 722 363 98.7 24 20 20.3
Rail 403 193 108.4 S 993 S S S S 616 865 −28.8
Water 683 1,025 −33.3 2,788 6,078 −54.1 S 4,226 S 207 522 −60.4
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 2,111
Pipeline 5,085 2,944 72.7 24,254 13,720 76.8 S S S S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S S 40 965 −95.8
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S S 39 965 −96
Truck and Rail S S S S S S 94
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S 339 S S 5,906 S 91 S S S 31 S

SCTG 20-24, Pharmaceutical and chemical products

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles per shipment
2002
(million $)
1997
(million $)
Percent Change 1997-2002 2002
(thousands)
1997
(thousands)
Percent Change 1997-2002 2002
(millions)
1997
(millions)
Percent change 1997-2002 2002 (average miles) 1997 (average miles) Percent change 1997-2002
All modes 7,896 9,805 −19.5 5,082 9,500 −46.5 1,175 4,954 −76.3 938 360 160.8
Single modes 5,049 7,932 −36.4 4,901 9,186 −46.6 1,010 4,714 −78.6 726 320 127.1
Truck 4,913 6,893 −28.7 4,432 6,373 −30.5 608 1,044 −41.8 85 162 −47.8
Rail 72 403 −82.3 462 2,220 −79.2 397 3,014 −86.8 863 1,536 −43.8
Water S S S S S S 1,807
Air (including truck and air) 65 S S S S S S S S 2,486 1,841 35.1
Pipeline 16 132 S S S S S S
Multiple modes 2,781 1,656 67.9 108 124 −12.7 S 204 S 1,208 500 141.8
Parcel, USPS or courier 2,748 1,538 78.7 S 42 S S 19 S 1,208 491 146
Truck and Rail 26 72 −64.2 23 41 −42.6 54 110 −51.3 2,309 2,762 −16.4
Other multiple modes S 47 S S 42 S S S S 1,981 1,420 39.5
Other and unknown modes 67 217 −69.1 S S S S S S 67 37 78.7

SCTG 25-30, Logs, wood products, and textile and leather

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles per shipment
2002
(million $)
1997
(million $)
Percent Change 1997-2002 2002
(thousands)
1997
(thousands)
Percent Change 1997-2002 2002
(millions)
1997
(millions)
Percent change 1997-2002 2002 (average miles) 1997 (average miles) Percent change 1997-2002
All modes 17,337 18,214 −4.8 26,992 22,336 20.8 17,421 14,784 17.8 729 821 −11.3
Single modes 13,930 14,549 −4.2 24,818 19,222 29.1 15,452 11,050 39.8 331 422 −21.6
Truck 12,044 12,408 −2.9 16,957 13,927 21.8 5,829 4,762 22.4 286 376 −23.9
Rail 1,575 1,873 −15.9 6,599 5,033 31.1 9,240 5,981 54.5 1,474 1,163 26.7
Water S 198 S S 249 S S S S 1,100 1,558 −29.4
Air (including truck and air) 29 69 −58.7 S 13 S S S S 2,655 1,895 40.1
Pipeline S S S S S S
Multiple modes 2,667 2,932 −9 802 1,683 −52.3 1,751 2,447 −28.4 1,039 1,177 −11.7
Parcel, USPS or courier 2,072 1,935 7 78 106 −26.2 69 140 −50.9 1,032 1,171 −11.8
Truck and Rail 321 678 −52.6 352 1,142 −69.2 747 1,702 −56.1 2,174 1,920 13.2
Other multiple modes 274 318 −13.8 S 435 S S 605 S 2,212 1,771 24.9
Other and unknown modes 740 734 0.7 1,371 1,430 −4.1 217 S S S 63 S

SCTG 31-34, Base metal and machinery

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles per shipment
2002
(million $)
1997
(million $)
Percent Change 1997-2002 2002
(thousands)
1997
(thousands)
Percent Change 1997-2002 2002
(millions)
1997
(millions)
Percent change 1997-2002 2002 (average miles) 1997 (average miles) Percent change 1997-2002
All modes 13,107 13,722 −4.5 6,842 19,972 −65.7 2,963 5,017 −40.9 325 324 0.3
Single modes 11,476 11,687 −1.8 6,492 19,263 −66.3 2,550 4,336 −41.2 180 170 6
Truck 11,138 10,308 8.1 6,036 17,284 −65.1 1,825 1,986 −8.1 151 146 3.6
Rail S 1,123 S S 1,879 S S 2,198 S 1,543 1,233 25.2
Water S 91 S S 92 S S 135 S 1,369 1,525 −10.2
Air (including truck and air) 94 164 −42.8 S 8 S S 18 S 2,012 2,013
Pipeline S S S S S S
Multiple modes 1,289 1,642 −21.5 155 403 −61.5 276 618 −55.3 668 807 −17.1
Parcel, USPS or courier 1,226 1,287 −4.7 S 38 S 32 26 26.6 666 801 −16.9
Truck and Rail 49 309 −84.1 S 219 S S 354 S 2,239 1,860 20.4
Other multiple modes S 46 S S 146 S S 239 S 1,797 1,473 22
Other and unknown modes 342 393 −13 195 306 −36.3 S 62 S S 57 S

SCTG 35-38, Electronic, motorized vehicles, and precision instruments

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles per shipment
2002
(million $)
1997
(million $)
Percent Change 1997-2002 2002
(thousands)
1997
(thousands)
Percent Change 1997-2002 2002
(millions)
1997
(millions)
Percent change 1997-2002 2002 (average miles) 1997 (average miles) Percent change 1997-2002
All modes 72,195 55,546 30 1,099 891 23.3 710 763 −7 530 616 −14
Single modes S 45,964 S 912 645 41.5 513 467 9.8 S 256 S
Truck 11,333 8,342 35.8 755 583 29.5 363 378 −4 S 94 S
Rail S S S S S S S S S 2,145 2,630 −18.5
Water S S S S S S S S S 872 606 43.9
Air (including truck and air) S 37,512 S 156 48 227.1 S 61 S 2,426 2,150 12.8
Pipeline S S S S S S S S S S
Multiple modes 8,059 7,172 12.4 126 109 16 119 125 −4.8 986 1,085 −9.1
Parcel, USPS or courier 8,013 7,003 14.4 117 93 26.1 98 96 2.2 978 1,085 −9.9
Truck and Rail 25 S S 7 14 −54.1 17 29 −39.5 2,507 2,552 −1.8
Other multiple modes 21 S S 2 S S 4 S S 2,057 S S
Other and unknown modes S 2,411 S 60 138 −56.2 78 172 −54.4 618 S S

SCTG 39-43, Furniture, mixed freight and misc. manufactured products

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles per shipment
2002
(million $)
1997
(million $)
Percent Change 1997-2002 2002
(thousands)
1997
(thousands)
Percent Change 1997-2002 2002
(millions)
1997
(millions)
Percent change 1997-2002 2002 (average miles) 1997 (average miles) Percent change 1997-2002
All modes 30,779 14,500 112.3 10,050 8,171 23 2,810 1,678 67.4 838 1,625 −48.4
Single modes 25,701 7,766 230.9 8,853 7,924 11.7 1,261 1,384 −8.9 163 351 −53.7
Truck 25,474 7,557 237.1 8,768 7,155 22.5 1,141 1,252 −8.9 140 231 −39.3
Rail S 51 S S 605 S S 101 S 2,310 S S
Water S S S S S S S S S 1,465 S S
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S S S S 2,230 2,403 −7.2
Pipeline S S S S S S
Multiple modes 4,568 6,517 −29.9 839 161 422.6 1,518 285 433.1 1,392 1,896 −26.6
Parcel, USPS or courier 4,078 6,400 −36.3 138 107 28.3 S 175 S 1,387 1,897 −26.9
Truck and Rail S 49 S 673 33 S 1,264 77 S 1,793 2,381 −24.7
Other multiple modes 140 68 105.1 29 21 38.4 53 33 61.1 1,999 970 106.1
Other and unknown modes S 216 S S 86 S 31 9 229.6 S 107 S

Commodity Unknown

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles per shipment
2002
(million $)
1997
(million $)
Percent Change 1997-2002 2002
(thousands)
1997
(thousands)
Percent Change 1997-2002 2002
(millions)
1997
(millions)
Percent change 1997-2002 2002 (average miles) 1997 (average miles) Percent change 1997-2002
All modes 438 1,420 −69.1 220 S S S 489 S 689 550 25.3
Single modes 405 S S 183 S S S 463 S S 183 S
Truck 399 S S 168 S S S S S S 109 S
Rail S S S 15 S S S S S 930 780 19.3
Water S S S S S S 1,612
Air (including truck and air) 2 S S 2,230
Pipeline S S S S S S S S S S
Multiple modes 32 S S 1 S S S S S 1,749 1,406 24.4
Parcel, USPS or courier 32 S S 1 S S S S S 1,749 1,389 26
Truck and Rail S S S S S S 2,410
Other multiple modes S S S S S S 1,631
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S S S S 750 1,415 −47

KEY:
– Represents data cell equal to zero or less than 1 unit of measure.
S Estimate does not meet publication standards because of high sampling variability or poor response quality.

1 Ton-miles estimates are based on estimated distances traveled along a modeled transportation network. See "Mileage Calculations" section for additional information.
2 Estimates exclude shipments of crude petroleum (SCTG 16).

NOTES: Value-of-shipments estimates have not been adjusted for price changes. Appendix B tables provide estimated measures of sampling variability. The Introduction and appendixes give information on confidentiality protection, sampling error, nonsampling error, sample design, and definitions. Links to this information on the Internet may be found at www.census.gov/cfs. Coverage for the 2002 Commodity Flow Survey (CFS) differs from the previous surveys due to a change from the 1987 Standard Industrial Classification System to the 1997 North American Industry Classification System and other survey improvements. Therefore, data users are urged to use caution when comparing 2002 CFS estimates with estimates from prior years.

SOURCE: Bureau of Transportation Statistics (USDOT) and U.S. Census Bureau, 2002 Commodity Flow Survey, Individual State Data, December 2004.