Table B-6. Estimated Measures of Reliability for Shipment Characteristics by Two-Digit Commodity and Mode of Transportation for State of Origin: 2002

Table B-6. Estimated Measures of Reliability for Shipment Characteristics by Two-Digit Commodity and Mode of Transportation for State of Origin: 2002

[Estimates are based on data from the Commodity Flow Survey. Because of rounding, estimates may not be additive]

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All Commodities

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes 19.6 23.8 9.2 12.0
Single modes 23.2 3.2 25.9 2.4 10.8 1.8 22.9
Truck 7.7 6.0 36.8 6.4 8.5 3.1 10.6
For-hire truck 5.5 3.6 9.2 3.5 8.0 2.6 14.6
Private truck 14.3 3.1 48.9 6.3 14.8 1.0 11.9
Rail 17.9 0.8 25.9 2.6 25.6 4.8 8.3
Water 40.9 0.8 S S 47.1 3.2 16.7
Shallow draft S S S S S S 15.9
Great Lakes
Deep draft 34.9 0.2 S S 41.9 1.0 15.9
Air (including truck and air) S S 37.3 S S 4.8
Pipeline 9.0 0.6 11.7 1.4 S S S
Multiple modes 17.7 3.1 16.3 0.2 18.8 1.7 9.9
Parcel, USPS or courier 18.3 3.0 19.7 26.6 0.3 10.2
Truck and rail 31.6 0.2 23.5 0.2 22.3 1.4 4.7
Truck and water 27.1 0.1 32.9 35.9 1.0 6.1
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes S S S S S S 49.0
Other and unknown modes 27.8 0.4 27.1 2.4 17.8 0.5 S

SCTG 1, Live animals and live fish

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes
Single modes
Truck
For-hire truck
Private truck
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes
Parcel, USPS or courier
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

SCTG 2, Cereal grains

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes S S 46.0 38.4 28.0
Single modes S S 46.4 0.8 35.0 3.0 33.0
Truck 41.3 15.1 41.5 14.6 S S 31.0
For-hire truck S S S S S S 32.2
Private truck S S S S S S 31.5
Rail S S S S S S S
Water S S S S 37.8 12.9 22.9
Shallow draft S S S S 37.8 12.9 22.9
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes
Parcel, USPS or courier
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 31.6

SCTG 3, Other agricultural products

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes 40.3 S S S S 40.4
Single modes 38.1 2.8 S S S S 40.3
Truck 31.9 10.0 S S 49.5 7.4 42.7
For-hire truck 32.6 11.4 S S 49.5 8.6 21.1
Private truck 39.9 6.6 49.7 9.0 S S 48.6
Rail S S S S S S 21.9
Water S S S S S S 29.8
Shallow draft S S S S S S 29.8
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 31.6
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 29.4
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 29.4
Truck and rail
Truck and water S S S S S S 31.2
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 26.8

SCTG 4, Animal feed and products of animal origin, nec

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes 48.4 42.4 S S 29.3
Single modes S S 44.0 9.6 S S S
Truck S S S S S S S
For-hire truck S S S S S S S
Private truck S S S S S S 36.2
Rail S S S S S S 27.9
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 32.7
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 31.6
Truck and rail S S S S S S 31.6
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 41.7

SCTG 5, Meat, fish, seafood, and their preparations

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes 30.1 27.4 29.9 47.9
Single modes 29.9 0.6 27.3 0.5 29.6 0.6 49.1
Truck 30.0 0.7 27.3 0.5 29.6 0.6 49.9
For-hire truck 34.2 9.8 32.6 11.1 36.3 9.7 20.8
Private truck S S S S S S S
Rail
Water S S S S S S 31.6
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft S S S S S S 31.6
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 28.4
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 24.0
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 30.0
Truck and rail
Truck and water S S S S S S 25.8
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S S

SCTG 6, Milled grain products and preparations, and bakery products

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes S S S S S S 25.9
Single modes S S S S S S 25.9
Truck 46.4 9.2 S S S S 31.9
For-hire truck S S S S S S 31.6
Private truck 34.0 14.4 45.1 18.7 S S 36.4
Rail S S S S S S 29.8
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 30.5
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes
Parcel, USPS or courier
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 48.7

SCTG 7, Other prepared foodstuffs and fats and oils

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes 26.3 22.9 30.1 29.1
Single modes 27.2 1.7 23.5 1.3 31.2 2.3 26.2
Truck 27.0 2.5 23.8 2.6 30.5 7.2 25.7
For-hire truck 46.8 7.8 33.5 6.8 36.3 7.7 14.6
Private truck 35.4 9.2 37.2 8.3 39.2 7.3 21.9
Rail 48.9 2.2 42.4 2.6 42.1 7.3 19.8
Water S S S S S S 28.2
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft S S S S S S 28.2
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes 42.8 0.8 20.4 0.5 22.2 2.2 24.4
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 24.6
Truck and rail 46.6 0.2 43.1 0.4 43.5 2.0 21.2
Truck and water 49.4 0.1 34.2 0.2 35.0 1.1 22.9
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes S S S S S S 31.6
Other and unknown modes S S S S 49.1 42.7

SCTG 8, Alcoholic beverages

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes 22.0 21.0 25.1 S
Single modes 22.9 3.0 21.2 1.6 25.4 6.5 S
Truck 22.9 3.1 21.2 1.6 25.5 6.6 S
For-hire truck 30.2 7.9 21.5 8.1 26.7 10.5 43.7
Private truck 24.5 7.8 30.8 8.1 44.8 9.6 S
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 31.6
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 28.6
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 31.6
Truck and rail
Truck and water S S S S S S 30.6
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 29.6

SCTG 9, Tobacco products

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes 34.4 42.8 46.4 38.5
Single modes 34.4 42.8 46.4 38.5
Truck 34.4 42.8 46.4 38.5
For-hire truck
Private truck 34.4 42.8 46.4 38.5
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes
Parcel, USPS or courier
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

SCTG 10, Monumental or building stone

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes S S 35.5 S S 30.5
Single modes S S 37.9 5.1 S S 25.9
Truck S S 37.9 5.1 S S 25.9
For-hire truck S S S S S S 31.2
Private truck S S 42.3 8.5 S S 39.0
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 31.6
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 31.6
Truck and rail
Truck and water S S S S S S 31.6
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

SCTG 11, Natural sands

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes S S 41.9 S S 35.8
Single modes S S 49.1 11.0 S S 47.8
Truck S S 49.1 11.0 S S 47.8
For-hire truck S S S S S S 33.9
Private truck 38.1 15.0 S S 47.8 15.8 S
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 31.6
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 31.6
Truck and rail
Truck and water S S S S S S 31.6
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 30.4

SCTG 12, Gravel and crushed stone

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes S S S S S S S
Single modes S S S S S S S
Truck S S S S S S S
For-hire truck 32.4 5.1 43.7 5.4 30.7 7.1 33.8
Private truck S S S S S S S
Rail S S S S S S 27.9
Water S S S S S S 27.9
Shallow draft S S S S S S 27.9
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 31.6
Parcel, USPS or courier
Truck and rail
Truck and water S S S S S S 31.6
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S 39.0 7.9 37.8 7.6 42.2

SCTG 13, Nonmetallic minerals nec

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes 34.1 S S 38.9 S
Single modes 36.1 4.3 S S 38.9 10.2 S
Truck 41.9 9.7 S S 33.8 14.7 S
For-hire truck S S S S 36.7 13.0 S
Private truck 38.4 12.0 S S S S S
Rail S S S S S S 31.1
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes
Parcel, USPS or courier
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 30.3

SCTG 14, Metallic ores and concentrates

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes S S S S S S 29.0
Single modes S S S S S S 29.0
Truck S S S S S S 29.0
For-hire truck S S S S S S 34.9
Private truck S S S S S S 27.9
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes
Parcel, USPS or courier
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

SCTG 15, Coal

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes S S S S S S 28.0
Single modes
Truck
For-hire truck
Private truck
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes
Parcel, USPS or courier
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 28.0

SCTG 17, Gasoline and aviation turbine fuel

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes 19.0 18.8 18.2 20.9
Single modes 18.9 0.6 18.5 0.6 18.0 0.6 20.7
Truck 28.9 5.7 23.3 4.5 24.6 5.7 20.5
For-hire truck 27.9 3.8 26.8 3.5 31.1 0.9 28.9
Private truck 33.2 5.6 27.1 4.0 26.8 5.2 18.1
Rail
Water S S S S S S 42.6
Shallow draft S S S S S S 29.9
Great Lakes
Deep draft S S S S S S 30.7
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline 16.7 6.5 19.5 6.7 S S S
Multiple modes
Parcel, USPS or courier
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S S

SCTG 18, Fuel oils

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes 19.1 22.1 37.6 S
Single modes 20.5 5.5 23.3 4.4 37.7 0.2 S
Truck 48.3 10.5 47.4 9.7 30.0 7.1 S
For-hire truck 17.6 1.9 17.1 1.9 41.3 3.2 S
Private truck S S S S 35.0 4.9 36.4
Rail 43.0 0.5 43.0 0.5 43.6 2.3 24.7
Water S S S S S S 24.3
Shallow draft S S S S S S 26.2
Great Lakes
Deep draft S S S S S S 31.6
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline 32.9 9.6 39.0 9.3 S S S
Multiple modes
Parcel, USPS or courier
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 30.0

SCTG 19, Coal and petroleum products, nec

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes 36.1 36.1 S S S
Single modes 36.2 0.3 36.2 0.3 S S S
Truck 45.7 11.1 28.2 13.8 30.5 16.9 43.1
For-hire truck 37.2 9.1 30.2 8.6 41.4 11.5 18.5
Private truck S S 35.3 11.8 32.5 9.5 19.4
Rail S S S S S S 33.8
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline S S S S S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 33.0
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 31.6
Truck and rail S S S S S S 31.6
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 30.8

SCTG 20, Basic chemicals

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes S S S S 35.9 S
Single modes S S S S 41.9 7.9 S
Truck S S S S S S S
For-hire truck S S S S S S S
Private truck S S S S S S S
Rail 38.6 12.4 40.3 13.1 44.7 14.9 25.8
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes S S 38.7 4.4 42.6 7.9 41.8
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 32.1
Truck and rail 43.5 4.4 42.3 4.2 44.8 8.0 26.3
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 31.6

SCTG 21, Pharmaceutical products

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes 26.5 S S S S 23.9
Single modes 42.1 12.5 47.8 13.8 S S 25.8
Truck 43.2 12.8 49.7 13.7 S S S
For-hire truck S S S S S S S
Private truck 38.1 3.7 S S S S 24.0
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) 45.7 4.0 S S S S 23.7
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes 38.5 12.9 28.0 18.0 38.3 19.0 22.4
Parcel, USPS or courier 38.5 12.9 28.0 18.0 38.3 19.0 22.4
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 30.2

SCTG 22, Fertilizers

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes S S S S 45.8 S
Single modes S S S S 45.8 S
Truck S S S S 47.7 10.3 S
For-hire truck 37.8 10.7 38.3 9.9 37.7 8.9 22.0
Private truck S S S S S S 47.4
Rail S S S S S S 26.2
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 31.6
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes
Parcel, USPS or courier
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

SCTG 23, Chemical products and preparations, nec

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes 33.7 43.1 S S 43.2
Single modes 34.3 7.6 45.4 4.5 S S 36.6
Truck 34.3 7.6 44.7 4.6 S S 33.7
For-hire truck 42.3 11.5 S S S S S
Private truck 36.9 12.2 46.5 11.1 S S 32.6
Rail S S S S S S 29.8
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 29.7
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S S
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S S
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S S

SCTG 24, Plastics and rubber

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes 36.7 39.2 41.7 28.7
Single modes 39.9 9.0 44.9 6.5 39.4 10.7 S
Truck 40.9 8.6 45.8 7.0 39.7 10.4 S
For-hire truck 49.2 10.3 S S 40.6 11.8 27.2
Private truck 36.6 7.1 34.5 9.7 40.7 5.7 33.6
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 24.4
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 19.9
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 20.8
Truck and rail
Truck and water S S S S S S 28.7
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes 31.0 2.3 36.4 2.0 S S S

SCTG 25, Logs and other wood in the rough

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes 39.5 40.0 48.9 30.3
Single modes S S S S S S 31.7
Truck S S S S S S 31.4
For-hire truck S S S S S S 32.0
Private truck S S S S S S 33.0
Rail S S S S S S 40.2
Water S S S S S S 31.6
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft S S S S S S 31.6
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 29.9
Parcel, USPS or courier
Truck and rail S S S S S S 31.6
Truck and water S S S S S S 30.0
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 27.9

SCTG 26, Wood products

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes 19.5 23.1 31.1 21.8
Single modes 18.3 1.8 23.9 1.7 33.4 3.7 22.5
Truck 19.4 2.7 21.7 4.1 24.6 3.1 17.0
For-hire truck 23.1 3.8 23.5 6.5 28.5 2.7 19.6
Private truck 22.2 4.5 S S S S 20.6
Rail 15.4 2.1 43.9 4.2 41.7 6.6 7.8
Water S S S S S S 32.5
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft S S S S S S 32.5
Air (including truck and air) 37.0 S S S S 23.3
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 42.4
Parcel, USPS or courier 41.5 0.2 44.6 33.9 46.5
Truck and rail 46.6 0.8 42.0 0.6 37.9 1.7 18.7
Truck and water S S S S S S 18.7
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes S S S S S S 31.6
Other and unknown modes 35.4 0.8 S S S S S

SCTG 27, Pulp, newsprint, paper, and paperboard

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes 13.8 16.6 21.2 49.5
Single modes 15.3 3.6 17.4 2.1 22.5 3.2 43.0
Truck 18.4 5.4 21.9 6.3 22.0 8.2 43.7
For-hire truck 23.1 5.9 26.3 7.6 23.4 8.7 14.5
Private truck 24.9 4.6 24.4 3.7 46.4 0.9 17.6
Rail 27.3 5.2 29.1 5.7 30.2 6.4 17.0
Water S S S S S S 29.9
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft S S S S S S 29.9
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes 39.4 1.6 42.2 1.3 41.4 3.4 S
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 33.4
Truck and rail 36.4 1.0 38.3 0.8 39.6 2.9 18.9
Truck and water S S S S S S 29.8
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes S S S S S S 31.6
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S S

SCTG 28, Paper or paperboard articles

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes 27.6 36.3 31.4 23.4
Single modes 27.5 2.5 36.4 2.6 25.0 7.4 38.4
Truck 29.3 5.3 37.7 4.8 32.0 9.1 42.2
For-hire truck 23.3 6.9 30.2 6.5 31.0 8.6 27.1
Private truck S S S S S S 27.7
Rail 43.7 3.8 44.1 4.4 46.9 12.4 26.1
Water S S S S S S 31.6
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft S S S S S S 31.6
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 33.0
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes 37.6 2.4 S S S S S
Parcel, USPS or courier 42.2 2.7 S S 42.6 0.3 S
Truck and rail 47.1 1.8 S S S S 26.2
Truck and water S S S S S S 25.8
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S S

SCTG 29, Printed products

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes 32.5 S S S S 27.5
Single modes 44.4 13.4 S S S S S
Truck 44.3 13.3 S S S S S
For-hire truck S S S S S S 23.6
Private truck 38.5 7.5 32.1 7.3 37.1 0.2 S
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 22.8
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes S S 43.7 12.2 S S 23.6
Parcel, USPS or courier S S 44.8 12.2 S S 23.5
Truck and rail
Truck and water S S S S S S 29.8
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes 49.1 4.4 S S S S S

SCTG 30, Textiles, leather, and articles of textiles or leather

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes 17.0 36.0 42.6 13.7
Single modes 24.0 8.7 43.3 8.6 48.3 9.0 18.1
Truck 24.3 8.8 44.6 9.2 S S 16.8
For-hire truck 28.8 9.1 46.0 8.3 S S 10.8
Private truck 46.2 8.8 S S 44.5 1.6 25.6
Rail S S S S S S 27.9
Water S S S S S S 29.8
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft S S S S S S 29.8
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 20.9
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes 31.2 7.9 19.8 8.0 19.2 9.0 16.3
Parcel, USPS or courier 32.9 8.2 26.4 8.3 26.6 8.4 16.3
Truck and rail S S S S S S 31.6
Truck and water S S S S S S 25.9
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes 43.6 1.2 41.0 0.9 S S S

SCTG 31, Nonmetallic mineral products

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes S S S S 27.8 S
Single modes S S S S 32.8 10.8 44.7
Truck S S S S 37.1 12.0 43.8
For-hire truck 32.8 9.7 28.0 6.7 31.8 7.1 34.0
Private truck S S S S S S 17.3
Rail S S S S S S 30.3
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 31.6
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes 33.3 12.2 49.2 10.4 S S 41.5
Parcel, USPS or courier 40.1 12.2 42.9 10.5 48.1 10.6 32.9
Truck and rail S S S S S S 31.6
Truck and water S S S S S S 29.8
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S S

SCTG 32, Base metal in primary or semifinished forms and in finished basic shapes

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes 25.4 36.9 S S S
Single modes 24.5 1.9 37.8 2.6 S S S
Truck 26.7 7.7 33.0 8.4 36.2 13.8 38.4
For-hire truck 37.0 11.3 S S 42.4 12.1 22.1
Private truck 39.2 11.9 46.9 11.7 44.5 7.9 23.4
Rail S S S S S S 26.5
Water S S S S S S 31.6
Shallow draft S S S S S S 31.6
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) 47.6 0.2 S S S S 26.2
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes 41.7 1.0 S S S S 32.3
Parcel, USPS or courier 30.0 0.4 29.2 41.7 34.3
Truck and rail 49.2 1.0 S S S S 26.1
Truck and water S S S S S S 31.6
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes S S S S S S 31.6
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S S

SCTG 33, Articles of base metal

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes 23.3 23.9 26.9 29.9
Single modes 28.5 9.4 24.9 3.4 29.4 9.0 39.7
Truck 28.3 9.1 24.2 3.1 27.8 8.4 49.6
For-hire truck 37.8 9.8 34.3 9.5 33.4 10.3 S
Private truck 27.3 6.4 28.0 8.3 20.4 5.9 23.8
Rail
Water S S S S S S 29.8
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft S S S S S S 29.8
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 21.8
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes 44.2 9.5 40.6 1.6 S S 20.4
Parcel, USPS or courier 44.3 9.5 40.9 1.6 S S 20.5
Truck and rail
Truck and water S S S S S S 29.9
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 37.0

SCTG 34, Machinery

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes 20.0 20.1 22.4 S
Single modes 17.8 5.7 22.4 4.8 24.3 3.8 S
Truck 18.2 6.1 22.5 4.9 24.5 4.3 S
For-hire truck 15.7 8.2 21.3 8.2 25.3 5.0 36.7
Private truck 36.4 4.6 38.3 5.8 S S 12.1
Rail
Water S S S S S S 31.6
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft S S S S S S 31.6
Air (including truck and air) S S S S 45.6 1.1 18.9
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S S
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S S
Truck and rail S S S S S S 31.6
Truck and water S S S S S S 31.6
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes 25.3 0.9 30.3 1.7 S S S

SCTG 35, Electronic and other electrical equipment and components and office equipment

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes 18.0 33.4 27.5 42.5
Single modes 16.6 6.7 39.1 6.6 36.7 9.9 S
Truck 20.2 7.0 40.1 6.5 39.6 9.9 S
For-hire truck 17.4 7.0 36.6 10.4 41.9 12.1 S
Private truck 33.8 6.2 S S 48.2 3.1 S
Rail S S S S S S 31.6
Water S S S S S S 38.7
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft S S S S S S 38.7
Air (including truck and air) 31.3 4.2 42.3 1.2 41.7 2.8 7.4
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes 36.3 5.7 16.3 4.2 19.5 7.7 15.9
Parcel, USPS or courier 36.5 5.8 18.4 3.6 23.1 8.0 16.1
Truck and rail S S S S S S 27.9
Truck and water S S S S S S 28.6
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S S

SCTG 36, Motorized and other vehicles (including parts)

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes 20.2 23.0 27.6 29.4
Single modes 19.5 6.0 20.1 6.2 39.9 9.3 S
Truck 19.4 6.0 20.1 6.2 39.9 9.3 S
For-hire truck 35.5 7.6 34.8 8.3 48.2 11.1 17.8
Private truck 23.7 6.2 25.3 7.4 21.4 8.7 S
Rail
Water S S S S S S 31.6
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft S S S S S S 31.6
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 34.1
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes 48.8 6.1 S S S S 43.6
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 29.7
Truck and rail 46.5 0.5 44.9 0.9 44.0 2.5 25.9
Truck and water 49.4 0.4 41.9 0.4 40.2 0.8 24.3
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes 48.1 5.0 S S S S S

SCTG 37, Transportation equipment, nec

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes S S 37.4 S S 22.0
Single modes S S 37.1 7.8 S S 34.4
Truck S S S S S S 49.6
For-hire truck S S S S S S 26.1
Private truck 41.4 16.5 30.1 16.4 39.8 19.8 S
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 15.8
Pipeline S S S S S S S
Multiple modes 46.8 11.6 40.6 8.3 45.6 11.8 13.8
Parcel, USPS or courier 46.8 11.6 40.6 8.3 45.6 11.8 13.8
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 29.8

SCTG 38, Precision instruments and apparatus

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes 29.5 S S S S S
Single modes 33.3 8.8 S S 26.1 11.5 S
Truck 37.5 7.6 S S 31.9 8.4 S
For-hire truck 45.6 7.3 S S 41.5 7.7 S
Private truck S S S S S S S
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S 48.6 9.8 15.9
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes 42.0 9.7 S S 34.1 14.9 39.1
Parcel, USPS or courier 42.0 9.7 S S 34.1 14.9 39.1
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 29.7

SCTG 39, Furniture, mattresses and mattress supports, lamps, lighting fittings

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes 40.6 36.0 S S S
Single modes 40.9 1.8 35.5 1.0 S S S
Truck 41.4 2.7 35.6 2.2 S S S
For-hire truck 42.3 8.6 44.6 10.2 S S 45.3
Private truck 47.2 9.0 46.2 10.7 S S 27.0
Rail S S S S S S 31.6
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 25.8
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes S S 49.1 0.9 S S 29.7
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 48.9
Truck and rail
Truck and water S S S S S S 26.8
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S S

SCTG 40, Miscellaneous manufactured products

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes 28.4 28.2 25.1 13.1
Single modes 20.9 8.7 33.4 8.9 26.0 9.7 47.7
Truck 21.5 8.1 33.7 8.9 26.5 9.6 S
For-hire truck 31.0 7.8 S S 31.7 10.1 17.2
Private truck 49.0 5.4 S S S S 47.2
Rail S S S S S S 31.6
Water S S S S S S 31.6
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft S S S S S S 31.6
Air (including truck and air) 44.9 0.3 48.7 S S 16.6
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes 42.0 9.9 S S S S 11.2
Parcel, USPS or courier 42.1 10.0 S S S S 11.2
Truck and rail
Truck and water S S S S S S 28.4
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S 27.7 2.9 35.3 2.2 S

SCTG 41, Waste and scrap

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes S S S S 43.4 30.3
Single modes S S S S S S S
Truck S S S S S S S
For-hire truck S S S S S S 34.2
Private truck S S S S S S S
Rail S S S S S S 29.9
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes S S 42.9 8.4 43.2 10.0 23.8
Parcel, USPS or courier
Truck and rail S S 42.9 8.4 43.2 10.0 23.8
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 31.6

SCTG 43, Mixed freight

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes 35.6 17.0 19.6 31.1
Single modes 37.0 1.9 17.4 1.9 20.5 2.8 10.4
Truck 37.2 2.0 17.3 1.9 19.5 3.7 10.3
For-hire truck 44.5 4.6 35.6 3.9 43.2 7.4 40.0
Private truck 42.4 5.8 19.2 4.9 25.7 7.5 7.3
Rail S S S S S S 31.6
Water S S S S S S 28.3
Shallow draft S S S S S S 31.6
Great Lakes
Deep draft S S S S S S 28.2
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 26.0
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes 34.0 1.6 20.8 0.5 28.2 2.9 20.4
Parcel, USPS or courier 34.2 1.5 28.4 0.5 48.9 2.8 21.2
Truck and rail
Truck and water S S 49.6 0.1 48.7 1.7 23.9
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S S

Commodity unknown

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes 44.8 40.7 S S 40.7
Single modes 48.2 11.8 40.5 6.2 S S S
Truck 49.2 14.1 43.4 10.3 S S S
For-hire truck S S S S S S 36.1
Private truck S S S S 37.9 17.4 S
Rail S S 40.9 10.8 S S 33.3
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes 32.8 11.7 43.8 0.7 S S 19.7
Parcel, USPS or courier 32.8 11.7 43.8 0.7 S S 19.7
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 32.2

KEY:
– Represents data cell equal to zero or less than 1 unit of measure.
S Estimate does not meet publication standards because of high sampling variability or poor response quality.
CV Coefficient of variation of number

NOTE: The Introduction and appendixes give information onf confidentiality protection, sampling error, nonsampling error, sample design, and definitions. Links to this information on the Internet may be found at www.census.gov/cfs.

SOURCE: Bureau of Transportation Statistics (USDOT) and U.S. Census Bureau, 2002 Commodity Flow Survey, Individual State Data, December 2004.