Table 3. Shipment Characteristics by Mode of Transportation and Distance Shipped for State of Origin: 2002

Table 3. Shipment Characteristics by Mode of Transportation and Distance Shipped for State of Origin: 2002

[Estimates are based on data from the Commodity Flow Survey. Because of rounding, estimates may not be additive]

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All modes

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1
2002
(million $)
Percent 2002
(thousands)
Percent 2002
(millions)
Percent
All distances 38,479 100.0 275,583 100.0 78,437 100.0
Less than 50 miles 8,929 23.2 78,761 28.6 2,020 2.6
50 to 99 miles 4,911 12.8 37,101 13.5 4,839 6.2
100 to 249 miles 9,683 25.2 86,041 31.2 28,477 36.3
250 to 499 miles 9,181 23.9 68,610 24.9 36,962 47.1
500 to 749 miles 1,674 4.4 2,862 1.0 2,246 2.9
750 to 999 miles 950 2.5 802 0.3 1,001 1.3
1,000 to 1,499 miles 1,354 3.5 738 0.3 1,188 1.5
1,500 to 1,999 miles S S 106 221 0.3
2,000 miles or more 1,282 3.3 561 0.2 1,482 1.9

Single modes

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1
2002
(million $)
Percent 2002
(thousands)
Percent 2002
(millions)
Percent
All distances 35,150 100.0 245,787 100.0 71,545 100.0
Less than 50 miles 8,260 23.5 64,967 26.4 1,919 2.7
50 to 99 miles 4,490 12.8 34,867 14.2 4,296 6.0
100 to 249 miles 8,837 25.1 78,673 32.0 25,984 36.3
250 to 499 miles 8,578 24.4 62,996 25.6 33,963 47.5
500 to 749 miles 1,503 4.3 2,202 0.9 1,795 2.5
750 to 999 miles 839 2.4 767 0.3 948 1.3
1,000 to 1,499 miles 1,262 3.6 736 0.3 1,185 1.7
1,500 to 1,999 miles S S 104 217 0.3
2,000 miles or more 916 2.6 475 0.2 1,239 1.7

Truck2

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1
2002
(million $)
Percent 2002
(thousands)
Percent 2002
(millions)
Percent
All distances 28,536 100.0 57,618 100.0 7,602 100.0
Less than 50 miles 7,537 26.4 33,744 58.6 1,013 13.3
50 to 99 miles 3,889 13.6 12,130 21.1 1,077 14.2
100 to 249 miles 6,612 23.2 5,481 9.5 1,184 15.6
250 to 499 miles 6,377 22.3 4,144 7.2 1,867 24.6
500 to 749 miles 1,324 4.6 1,040 1.8 742 9.8
750 to 999 miles 684 2.4 416 0.7 427 5.6
1,000 to 1,499 miles 928 3.3 303 0.5 422 5.5
1,500 to 1,999 miles S S 67 0.1 128 1.7
2,000 miles or more 761 2.7 293 0.5 742 9.8

For-hire truck

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1
2002
(million $)
Percent 2002
(thousands)
Percent 2002
(millions)
Percent
All distances 20,566 100.0 39,366 100.0 6,382 100.0
Less than 50 miles 3,370 16.4 19,989 50.8 675 10.6
50 to 99 miles 2,634 12.8 9,203 23.4 796 12.5
100 to 249 miles 5,330 25.9 4,593 11.7 997 15.6
250 to 499 miles 5,674 27.6 3,634 9.2 1,639 25.7
500 to 749 miles 1,197 5.8 961 2.4 685 10.7
750 to 999 miles 567 2.8 387 1.0 398 6.2
1,000 to 1,499 miles 788 3.8 252 0.6 352 5.5
1,500 to 1,999 miles S S 60 0.2 115 1.8
2,000 miles or more 602 2.9 286 0.7 726 11.4

Private truck

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1
2002
(million $)
Percent 2002
(thousands)
Percent 2002
(millions)
Percent
All distances 7,970 100.0 18,252 100.0 1,220 100.0
Less than 50 miles 4,166 52.3 13,754 75.4 338 27.7
50 to 99 miles 1,255 15.7 2,928 16.0 282 23.1
100 to 249 miles 1,282 16.1 888 4.9 187 15.3
250 to 499 miles 703 8.8 509 2.8 228 18.7
500 to 749 miles 127 1.6 79 0.4 57 4.7
750 to 999 miles 117 1.5 29 0.2 30 2.4
1,000 to 1,499 miles S S 51 0.3 70 5.7
1,500 to 1,999 miles S S S S S S
2,000 miles or more S S 6 16 1.3

Rail

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1
2002
(million $)
Percent 2002
(thousands)
Percent 2002
(millions)
Percent
All distances 5,590 100.0 151,686 100.0 57,866 100.0
Less than 50 miles S S 17,592 11.6 725 1.3
50 to 99 miles 298 5.3 16,582 10.9 2,586 4.5
100 to 249 miles 1,905 34.1 58,186 38.4 20,765 35.9
250 to 499 miles 2,154 38.5 57,475 37.9 31,388 54.2
500 to 749 miles 152 2.7 S S S S
750 to 999 miles 140 2.5 135 176 0.3
1,000 to 1,499 miles 294 5.3 S S S S
1,500 to 1,999 miles S S S S S S
2,000 miles or more S S S S S S

Water

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1
2002
(million $)
Percent 2002
(thousands)
Percent 2002
(millions)
Percent
All distances 580 100.0 17,566 100.0 S S
Less than 50 miles 25 4.3 S S 89 1.8
50 to 99 miles S S 6,155 35.0 633 13.1
100 to 249 miles S S S S S S
250 to 499 miles S S S S S S
500 to 749 miles S S S S S S
750 to 999 miles S S S S S S
1,000 to 1,499 miles S S S S S S
1,500 to 1,999 miles
2,000 miles or more

Shallow draft

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1
2002
(million $)
Percent 2002
(thousands)
Percent 2002
(millions)
Percent
All distances 580 100.0 17,566 100.0 S S
Less than 50 miles 25 4.3 S S 89 1.8
50 to 99 miles S S 6,155 35.0 633 13.1
100 to 249 miles S S S S S S
250 to 499 miles S S S S S S
500 to 749 miles S S S S S S
750 to 999 miles S S S S S S
1,000 to 1,499 miles S S S S S S
1,500 to 1,999 miles
2,000 miles or more

Great Lakes

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1
2002
(million $)
Percent 2002
(thousands)
Percent 2002
(millions)
Percent
All distances
Less than 50 miles
50 to 99 miles
100 to 249 miles
250 to 499 miles
500 to 749 miles
750 to 999 miles
1,000 to 1,499 miles
1,500 to 1,999 miles
2,000 miles or more

Deep draft

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1
2002
(million $)
Percent 2002
(thousands)
Percent 2002
(millions)
Percent
All distances
Less than 50 miles
50 to 99 miles
100 to 249 miles
250 to 499 miles
500 to 749 miles
750 to 999 miles
1,000 to 1,499 miles
1,500 to 1,999 miles
2,000 miles or more

Air (including truck and air)

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1
2002
(million $)
Percent 2002
(thousands)
Percent 2002
(millions)
Percent
All distances 71 100.0 1 100.0 1 100.0
Less than 50 miles
50 to 99 miles
100 to 249 miles S S S S S S
250 to 499 miles 14 20.4 S S S S
500 to 749 miles S S S S S S
750 to 999 miles S S 15.3 19.1
1,000 to 1,499 miles S S S S S S
1,500 to 1,999 miles S S 1.7 3.3
2,000 miles or more S S S S S S

Pipeline3

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1
2002
(million $)
Percent 2002
(thousands)
Percent 2002
(millions)
Percent
All distances S S S S S S
Less than 50 miles S S S S S S
50 to 99 miles S S S S S S
100 to 249 miles S S S S S S
250 to 499 miles S S
500 to 749 miles S S
750 to 999 miles S S
1,000 to 1,499 miles S S
1,500 to 1,999 miles S S
2,000 miles or more S S

Multiple modes

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1
2002
(million $)
Percent 2002
(thousands)
Percent 2002
(millions)
Percent
All distances 2,479 100.0 10,714 100.0 4,501 100.0
Less than 50 miles 201 8.1 S S S S
50 to 99 miles S S S S S S
100 to 249 miles 697 28.1 5,930 55.4 2,136 47.5
250 to 499 miles 483 19.5 2,439 22.8 1,525 33.9
500 to 749 miles 133 5.3 3 2
750 to 999 miles 74 3.0 S S S S
1,000 to 1,499 miles 74 3.0 1 2
1,500 to 1,999 miles 47 1.9 2 4 0.1
2,000 miles or more 365 14.7 86 0.8 243 5.4

Parcel, USPS or courier

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1
2002
(million $)
Percent 2002
(thousands)
Percent 2002
(millions)
Percent
All distances 1,465 100.0 55 100.0 25 100.0
Less than 50 miles 200 13.7 11 19.4 1.4
50 to 99 miles 148 10.1 S S S S
100 to 249 miles 306 20.9 14 24.9 3 10.8
250 to 499 miles 398 27.1 10 17.7 4 17.5
500 to 749 miles 133 9.0 3 6.2 2 9.6
750 to 999 miles 66 4.5 3 5.4 3 12.0
1,000 to 1,499 miles 74 5.0 1 2.1 2 6.5
1,500 to 1,999 miles 46 3.1 1 2.0 2 9.0
2,000 miles or more 95 6.5 3 5.1 7 29.2

Truck and rail

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1
2002
(million $)
Percent 2002
(thousands)
Percent 2002
(millions)
Percent
All distances 711 100.0 1,780 100.0 1,217 100.0
Less than 50 miles S S S S S S
50 to 99 miles S S S S S S
100 to 249 miles S S S S S S
250 to 499 miles S S S S S S
500 to 749 miles
750 to 999 miles
1,000 to 1,499 miles
1,500 to 1,999 miles S S S S S S
2,000 miles or more 271 38.1 84 4.7 235 19.3

Truck and water

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1
2002
(million $)
Percent 2002
(thousands)
Percent 2002
(millions)
Percent
All distances S S S S S S
Less than 50 miles S S S S S S
50 to 99 miles
100 to 249 miles S S S S S S
250 to 499 miles
500 to 749 miles
750 to 999 miles
1,000 to 1,499 miles
1,500 to 1,999 miles
2,000 miles or more

Rail and water

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1
2002
(million $)
Percent 2002
(thousands)
Percent 2002
(millions)
Percent
All distances 295 100.0 8,539 100.0 3,141 100.0
Less than 50 miles
50 to 99 miles S S S S S S
100 to 249 miles 182 61.6 5,178 60.6 1,781 56.7
250 to 499 miles S S S S S S
500 to 749 miles
750 to 999 miles S S S S S S
1,000 to 1,499 miles
1,500 to 1,999 miles
2,000 miles or more

Other Multiple modes

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1
2002
(million $)
Percent 2002
(thousands)
Percent 2002
(millions)
Percent
All distances
Less than 50 miles
50 to 99 miles
100 to 249 miles
250 to 499 miles
500 to 749 miles
750 to 999 miles
1,000 to 1,499 miles
1,500 to 1,999 miles
2,000 miles or more

Other and unknown modes

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1
2002
(million $)
Percent 2002
(thousands)
Percent 2002
(millions)
Percent
All distances 851 100.0 19,082 100.0 S S
Less than 50 miles 467 54.9 S S S S
50 to 99 miles 15 1.8 S S S S
100 to 249 miles 149 17.6 S S S S
250 to 499 miles S S S S S S
500 to 749 miles S S S S S S
750 to 999 miles S S S S S S
1,000 to 1,499 miles S S S S S S
1,500 to 1,999 miles S S S S S S
2,000 miles or more S S S S S S

KEY:
– Represents data cell equal to zero or less than 1 unit of measure.
S Estimate does not meet publication standards because of high sampling variability or poor response quality.

1 Ton-miles estimates are based on estimated distances traveled along a modeled transportation network. See "Mileage Calculations" section for additional information.
2 "Truck" as a single mode includes shipments that were made by only private truck, only for-hire truck, or a combination of private truck and for-hire truck.
3 Estimates for pipeline exclude shipments of crude petroleum.

NOTES: Value-of-shipments estimates have not been adjusted for price changes. Appendix B tables provide estimated measures of sampling variability. The Introduction and appendixes give information on confidentiality protection, sampling error, nonsampling error, sample design, and definitions. Links to this information on the Internet may be found at www.census.gov/cfs.
Coverage for the 2002 Commodity Flow Survey (CFS) differs from the previous surveys due to a change from the 1987 Standard Industrial Classification System to the 1997 North American Industry Classification System and other survey improvements. Therefore, data users are urged to use caution when comparing 2002 CFS estimates with estimates from prior years.

SOURCE: Bureau of Transportation Statistics (USDOT) and U.S. Census Bureau, 2002 Commodity Flow Survey, Individual State Data, December 2004.