Table 4. Shipment Characteristics by Mode of Transportation and Shipment Size for State of Origin: 2002

Table 4. Shipment Characteristics by Mode of Transportation and Shipment Size for State of Origin: 2002

[Estimates are based on data from the Commodity Flow Survey. Because of rounding, estimates may not be additive]

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All modes

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All shipment sizes 38,479 100.0 275,583 100.0 78,437 100.0 297
Less than 50 lbs 3,732 9.7 52 16 441
50 to 99 lbs 803 2.1 63 8 133
100 to 499 lbs 2,540 6.6 374 0.1 49 120
500 to 749 lbs 691 1.8 132 24 180
750 to 999 lbs S S 111 17 157
1,000 to 9,999 lbs 5,033 13.1 2,302 0.8 473 0.6 189
10,000 to 49,999 lbs 16,318 42.4 36,743 13.3 6,110 7.8 161
50,000 to 99,999 lbs 1,058 2.8 13,252 4.8 1,336 1.7 88
100,000 lbs or more 7,336 19.1 222,554 80.8 70,403 89.8 398

Single modes

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All shipment sizes 35,150 100.0 245,787 100.0 71,545 100.0 127
Less than 50 lbs S S 29 3 115
50 to 99 lbs 634 1.8 53 5 88
100 to 499 lbs 2,165 6.2 344 0.1 41 105
500 to 749 lbs 630 1.8 129 23 177
750 to 999 lbs S S 109 17 157
1,000 to 9,999 lbs 4,783 13.6 2,170 0.9 446 0.6 187
10,000 to 49,999 lbs 15,624 44.4 36,479 14.8 5,854 8.2 156
50,000 to 99,999 lbs 1,041 3.0 12,718 5.2 998 1.4 73
100,000 lbs or more 6,560 18.7 193,756 78.8 64,159 89.7 389

Truck2

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All shipment sizes 28,536 100.0 57,618 100.0 7,602 100.0 119
Less than 50 lbs S S 29 3 97
50 to 99 lbs 609 2.1 52 5 85
100 to 499 lbs 2,154 7.5 344 0.6 40 0.5 104
500 to 749 lbs 630 2.2 129 0.2 23 0.3 177
750 to 999 lbs S S 109 0.2 17 0.2 157
1,000 to 9,999 lbs 4,780 16.7 2,169 3.8 445 5.9 187
10,000 to 49,999 lbs 15,526 54.4 35,876 62.3 5,782 76.1 156
50,000 to 99,999 lbs 952 3.3 12,296 21.3 768 10.1 62
100,000 lbs or more 205 0.7 6,614 11.5 518 6.8 127

For-hire truck

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All shipment sizes 20,566 100.0 39,366 100.0 6,382 100.0 275
Less than 50 lbs S S S S S S 227
50 to 99 lbs S S S S S S 255
100 to 499 lbs 751 3.7 48 0.1 23 0.4 415
500 to 749 lbs 161 0.8 22 15 0.2 694
750 to 999 lbs S S 30 11 0.2 365
1,000 to 9,999 lbs 2,690 13.1 597 1.5 309 4.8 533
10,000 to 49,999 lbs 12,824 62.4 22,748 57.8 4,982 78.1 226
50,000 to 99,999 lbs 758 3.7 10,272 26.1 602 9.4 59
100,000 lbs or more 163 0.8 5,634 14.3 435 6.8 117

Private truck

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All shipment sizes 7,970 100.0 18,252 100.0 1,220 100.0 62
Less than 50 lbs 532 6.7 22 0.1 1 0.1 64
50 to 99 lbs 298 3.7 45 0.2 3 0.2 56
100 to 499 lbs 1,402 17.6 296 1.6 17 1.4 56
500 to 749 lbs 469 5.9 107 0.6 7 0.6 67
750 to 999 lbs 241 3.0 79 0.4 6 0.5 76
1,000 to 9,999 lbs 2,090 26.2 1,572 8.6 136 11.2 80
10,000 to 49,999 lbs 2,702 33.9 13,128 71.9 800 65.6 57
50,000 to 99,999 lbs 195 2.4 2,025 11.1 167 13.7 81
100,000 lbs or more 42 0.5 S S 83 6.8 150

Rail

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All shipment sizes 5,590 100.0 151,686 100.0 57,866 100.0 584
Less than 50 lbs
50 to 99 lbs
100 to 499 lbs S S S S S S 893
500 to 749 lbs
750 to 999 lbs
1,000 to 9,999 lbs S S S S S S 615
10,000 to 49,999 lbs S S S S 58 0.1 S
50,000 to 99,999 lbs S S S S 55 854
100,000 lbs or more 5,458 97.6 151,382 99.8 57,753 99.8 636

Water

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All shipment sizes 580 100.0 17,566 100.0 S S 594
Less than 50 lbs
50 to 99 lbs
100 to 499 lbs
500 to 749 lbs
750 to 999 lbs
1,000 to 9,999 lbs
10,000 to 49,999 lbs S S S S S S 1,119
50,000 to 99,999 lbs S S S S S S 1,848
100,000 lbs or more 536 92.4 17,469 99.5 S S 194

Shallow draft

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All shipment sizes 580 100.0 17,566 100.0 S S 594
Less than 50 lbs
50 to 99 lbs
100 to 499 lbs
500 to 749 lbs
750 to 999 lbs
1,000 to 9,999 lbs
10,000 to 49,999 lbs S S S S S S 1,119
50,000 to 99,999 lbs S S S S S S 1,848
100,000 lbs or more 536 92.4 17,469 99.5 S S 194

Great Lakes

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All shipment sizes
Less than 50 lbs
50 to 99 lbs
100 to 499 lbs
500 to 749 lbs
750 to 999 lbs
1,000 to 9,999 lbs
10,000 to 49,999 lbs
50,000 to 99,999 lbs
100,000 lbs or more

Deep draft

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All shipment sizes
Less than 50 lbs
50 to 99 lbs
100 to 499 lbs
500 to 749 lbs
750 to 999 lbs
1,000 to 9,999 lbs
10,000 to 49,999 lbs
50,000 to 99,999 lbs
100,000 lbs or more

Air (including truck and air)

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All shipment sizes 71 100.0 1 100.0 1 100.0 1,540
Less than 50 lbs S S 13.3 18.0 1,564
50 to 99 lbs S S 12.9 16.3 1,332
100 to 499 lbs S S 24.5 S S 1,565
500 to 749 lbs S S S S S S 1,299
750 to 999 lbs
1,000 to 9,999 lbs S S S S S S 548
10,000 to 49,999 lbs
50,000 to 99,999 lbs
100,000 lbs or more

Pipeline3

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All shipment sizes S S S S S S S
Less than 50 lbs S S S S S S S
50 to 99 lbs S S S
100 to 499 lbs S S S
500 to 749 lbs S S S
750 to 999 lbs S S S
1,000 to 9,999 lbs S S S
10,000 to 49,999 lbs S S S S S S S
50,000 to 99,999 lbs S S S S S S S
100,000 lbs or more S S S S S S S

Multiple modes

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All shipment sizes 2,479 100.0 10,714 100.0 4,501 100.0 651
Less than 50 lbs 913 36.8 21 0.2 13 0.3 670
50 to 99 lbs 146 5.9 8 4 445
100 to 499 lbs 323 13.0 22 0.2 8 0.2 350
500 to 749 lbs S S S S S S 716
750 to 999 lbs S S S S S S 542
1,000 to 9,999 lbs S S S S S S S
10,000 to 49,999 lbs 648 26.2 135 1.3 234 5.2 1,697
50,000 to 99,999 lbs S S S S S S 640
100,000 lbs or more 336 13.6 9,999 93.3 3,905 86.8 461

Parcel, USPS or courier

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All shipment sizes 1,465 100.0 55 100.0 25 100.0 650
Less than 50 lbs 913 62.3 21 38.9 13 51.7 670
50 to 99 lbs 146 10.0 8 14.4 4 14.1 445
100 to 499 lbs 323 22.0 22 40.3 8 29.8 350
500 to 749 lbs S S S S S S 716
750 to 999 lbs S S S S S S 542
1,000 to 9,999 lbs S S S S S S 9
10,000 to 49,999 lbs
50,000 to 99,999 lbs
100,000 lbs or more

Truck and rail

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All shipment sizes 711 100.0 1,780 100.0 1,217 100.0 1,046
Less than 50 lbs
50 to 99 lbs
100 to 499 lbs
500 to 749 lbs
750 to 999 lbs
1,000 to 9,999 lbs S S S S S S 1,185
10,000 to 49,999 lbs 648 91.2 S S 234 19.2 1,702
50,000 to 99,999 lbs S S S S S S 640
100,000 lbs or more S S S S S S 1,043

Truck and water

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All shipment sizes S S S S S S 316
Less than 50 lbs
50 to 99 lbs
100 to 499 lbs
500 to 749 lbs
750 to 999 lbs
1,000 to 9,999 lbs
10,000 to 49,999 lbs S S S S S S 260
50,000 to 99,999 lbs
100,000 lbs or more S S S S S S 323

Rail and water

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All shipment sizes 295 100.0 8,539 100.0 3,141 100.0 457
Less than 50 lbs
50 to 99 lbs
100 to 499 lbs
500 to 749 lbs
750 to 999 lbs
1,000 to 9,999 lbs
10,000 to 49,999 lbs
50,000 to 99,999 lbs
100,000 lbs or more 295 100.0 8,539 100.0 3,141 100.0 457

Other Multiple modes

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All shipment sizes
Less than 50 lbs
50 to 99 lbs
100 to 499 lbs
500 to 749 lbs
750 to 999 lbs
1,000 to 9,999 lbs
10,000 to 49,999 lbs
50,000 to 99,999 lbs
100,000 lbs or more

Other and unknown modes

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All shipment sizes 851 100.0 19,082 100.0 S S 56
Less than 50 lbs 40 4.6 2 S
50 to 99 lbs S S S S S S 18
100 to 499 lbs 51 6.0 8 S
500 to 749 lbs S S S S S
750 to 999 lbs S S S S S S 65
1,000 to 9,999 lbs 234 27.5 S S S S 243
10,000 to 49,999 lbs 45 5.3 129 0.7 22 0.9 127
50,000 to 99,999 lbs S S S S S S 302
100,000 lbs or more S S 18,800 98.5 S S 132

KEY:
– Represents data cell equal to zero or less than 1 unit of measure.
S Estimate does not meet publication standards because of high sampling variability or poor response quality.

1 Ton-miles estimates are based on estimated distances traveled along a modeled transportation network. See "Mileage Calculations" section for additional information.
2 "Truck" as a single mode includes shipments that were made by only private truck, only for-hire truck, or a combination of private tuck and for-hire truck.
3 Estimates for pipeline exclude shipments of crude petroleum.

NOTES: Value-of-shipments estimates have not been adjusted for price changes. Appendix B tables provide estimated measures of sampling variability. The Introduction and appendixes give information on confidentiality protection, sampling error, nonsampling error, sample design, and definitions. Links to this information on the Internet may be found at www.census.gov/cfs.
Coverage for the 2002 Commodity Flow Survey (CFS) differs from the previous surveys due to a change from the 1987 Standard Industrial Classification System to the 1997 North American Industry Classification System and other survey improvements. Therefore, data users are urged to use caution when comparing 2002 CFS estimates with estimates from prior years.

SOURCE: Bureau of Transportation Statistics (USDOT) and U.S. Census Bureau, 2002 Commodity Flow Survey, Individual State Data, December 2004.