Table 6. Shipment Characteristics by Two-Digit Commodity and Mode of Transportation for State of Origin: 2002

Table 6. Shipment Characteristics by Two-Digit Commodity and Mode of Transportation for State of Origin: 2002

[Estimates are based on data from the Commodity Flow Survey. Because of rounding, estimates may not be additive]

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All Commodities2

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 38,479 100.0 275,583 100.0 78,437 100.0 297
Single modes 35,150 91.3 245,787 89.2 71,545 91.2 127
Truck3 28,536 74.2 57,618 20.9 7,602 9.7 119
For-hire Truck 20,566 53.4 39,366 14.3 6,382 8.1 275
Private Truck 7,970 20.7 18,252 6.6 1,220 1.6 62
Rail 5,590 14.5 151,686 55.0 57,866 73.8 584
Water 580 1.5 17,566 6.4 S S 594
Shallow draft 580 1.5 17,566 6.4 S S 594
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) 71 0.2 1 1 1,540
Pipeline4 S S S S S S S
Multiple modes 2,479 6.4 10,714 3.9 4,501 5.7 651
Parcel, USPS or courier 1,465 3.8 55 25 650
Truck and rail 711 1.8 1,780 0.6 1,217 1.6 1,046
Truck and water S S S S S S 316
Rail and water 295 0.8 8,539 3.1 3,141 4.0 457
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes 851 2.2 19,082 6.9 S S 56

SCTG 1, Live animals and live fish

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes
Single modes
Truck3
For-hire Truck
Private Truck
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes
Parcel, USPS or courier
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

SCTG 2, Cereal grains

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes S S S S S S 186
Single modes S S S S S S 186
Truck3 S S S S S S 186
For-hire Truck
Private Truck S S S S S S 186
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes
Parcel, USPS or courier
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

SCTG 3, Other agricultural products

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes S S S S S S 279
Single modes S S S S S S 279
Truck3 S S S S S S 279
For-hire Truck S S S S S S 298
Private Truck S S S S S S 144
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes
Parcel, USPS or courier
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

SCTG 4, Animal feed and products of animal origin, nec

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 63 100.0 427 100.0 11 100.0 25
Single modes 63 100.0 427 100.0 11 100.0 25
Truck3 63 100.0 427 100.0 11 100.0 25
For-hire Truck
Private Truck 63 100.0 427 100.0 11 100.0 25
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes
Parcel, USPS or courier
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

SCTG 5, Meat, fish,s eafood, and their preparations

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 446 100.0 238 100.0 115 100.0 S
Single modes 445 99.8 238 99.9 115 100.0 S
Truck3 445 99.8 238 99.9 115 100.0 S
For-hire Truck 285 64.0 156 65.4 94 81.6 532
Private Truck S S S S S S 81
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes
Parcel, USPS or courier
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 32

SCTG 6, Milled grain products and preparations, and bakery products

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes S S S S S S 73
Single modes S S S S S S 73
Truck3 S S S S S S 73
For-hire Truck
Private Truck S S S S S S 73
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes
Parcel, USPS or courier
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

SCTG 7, Other prepared food stuffs and fats and oils

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 817 100.0 1,706 100.0 S S 48
Single modes 817 100.0 1,706 100.0 S S 47
Truck3 817 100.0 1,706 100.0 S S 47
For-hire Truck S S S S S S 372
Private Truck 655 80.2 1,242 72.8 58 24.2 34
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 2,494
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 2,494
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

SCTG 8, Alcoholic beverages

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 387 100.0 263 100.0 7 100.0 S
Single modes 387 100.0 263 100.0 7 100.0 S
Truck3 387 100.0 263 100.0 7 100.0 S
For-hire Truck 76 19.5 16 6.0 2 28.4 100
Private Truck 312 80.5 247 93.9 5 71.6 17
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes
Parcel, USPS or courier
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 7

SCTG 9, Tobacco products

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 442 100.0 12 100.0 4 100.0 195
Single modes 437 99.0 11 99.5 4 99.9 196
Truck3 437 99.0 11 99.5 4 99.9 196
For-hire Truck 96 21.8 6 54.3 3 86.6 677
Private Truck 341 77.2 5 45.2 1 13.3 100
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 53
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 53
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

SCTG 10, Monumental or building stone

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes S S S S S S 106
Single modes S S S S S S 105
Truck3 S S S S S S 105
For-hire Truck
Private Truck S S S S S S 105
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes
Parcel, USPS or courier
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 108

SCTG 11, Natural sands

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 28 100.0 S S 162 100.0 117
Single modes 28 99.3 S S 160 98.8 113
Truck3 22 76.5 730 50.8 91 56.4 111
For-hire Truck 19 67.6 583 40.5 82 50.8 221
Private Truck S S S S S S 36
Rail 4 15.6 238 16.5 47 29.2 196
Water S S S S S S 43
Shallow draft S S S S S S 43
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes
Parcel, USPS or courier
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 1,077

SCTG 12, Gravel and crushed stone

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 101 100.0 21,658 100.0 1,106 100.0 28
Single modes 101 100.0 21,653 100.0 1,106 100.0 28
Truck3 83 82.2 11,554 53.3 355 32.1 28
For-hire Truck 51 51.1 7,603 35.1 243 21.9 31
Private Truck 31 31.1 3,951 18.2 113 10.2 24
Rail 15 15.1 9,584 44.3 720 65.1 43
Water S S S S S S 59
Shallow draft S S S S S S 59
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes
Parcel, USPS or courier
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S S

SCTG 13, Non-metallic minerals nec

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 7 100.0 S S 9 100.0 S
Single modes 7 99.9 S S 9 100.0 S
Truck3 7 99.9 S S 9 100.0 S
For-hire Truck 7 94.4 54 68.3 8 95.7 144
Private Truck S S S S S S S
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 10
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 10
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

SCTG 14, Metallic ores and concentrates

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes S S S S S S 587
Single modes S S S S S S 587
Truck3 S S S S S S 587
For-hire Truck S S S S S S 670
Private Truck S S S S S S 423
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes
Parcel, USPS or courier
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

SCTG 15, Coal

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 5,509 100.0 197,498 100.0 66,069 100.0 104
Single modes 4,728 85.8 168,204 85.2 59,549 90.1 S
Truck3 413 7.5 14,904 7.5 931 1.4 55
For-hire Truck 403 7.3 14,562 7.4 904 1.4 55
Private Truck S S S S S S 31
Rail 3,998 72.6 137,878 69.8 54,179 82.0 405
Water 317 5.8 15,422 7.8 S S 257
Shallow draft 317 5.8 15,422 7.8 S S 257
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes 341 6.2 10,487 5.3 4,178 6.3 503
Parcel, USPS or courier
Truck and rail S S S S S S 631
Truck and water S S S S S S 323
Rail and water 287 5.2 8,515 4.3 3,098 4.7 441
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S 18,808 9.5 S S 150

SCTG 17, Gasoline and aviation turbine fuel

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes S S S S S S 24
Single modes S S S S S S 25
Truck3 S S S S S S 25
For-hire Truck S S S S S S 31
Private Truck 98 57.6 379 63.1 24 73.9 23
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes
Parcel, USPS or courier
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 8

SCTG 18, Fuel oils

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes S S S S S S 21
Single modes S S S S S S 21
Truck3 S S S S S S 21
For-hire Truck S S S S S S 30
Private Truck 327 40.4 1,238 37.1 46 34.9 20
Rail
Water S S S S S S 83
Shallow draft S S S S S S 83
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes
Parcel, USPS or courier
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S S

SCTG 19, Coal and petroleum products, nec

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 746 100.0 2,249 100.0 S S S
Single modes 735 98.6 2,215 98.5 S S S
Truck3 552 73.9 1,232 54.8 284 33.5 S
For-hire Truck 329 44.0 704 31.3 221 26.0 S
Private Truck 223 29.9 528 23.5 63 7.4 44
Rail S S S S S S 601
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 354
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 354
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 13

SCTG 20, Basic chemicals

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 2,130 100.0 S S S S 185
Single modes 2,112 99.1 S S S S 181
Truck3 1,502 70.5 S S 516 21.7 194
For-hire Truck 1,100 51.6 879 3.8 327 13.7 418
Private Truck S S S S S S S
Rail 222 10.4 1,003 4.3 528 22.2 567
Water S S S S S S 351
Shallow draft S S S S S S 351
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 1,146
Pipeline4 S S S S S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S S
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S S
Truck and rail S S S S S S 2,838
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 407

SCTG 21, Pharmaceutical products

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes S S S S S S 158
Single modes S S S S S S 154
Truck3 S S S S S S 154
For-hire Truck S S S S S S 157
Private Truck 468 9.6 S S S S 121
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 452
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 452
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S S

SCTG 22, Fertilizers

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes S S S S S S 10
Single modes S S S S S S 10
Truck3 S S S S S S 10
For-hire Truck
Private Truck S S S S S S 10
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes
Parcel, USPS or courier
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

SCTG 23, Chemical products and preparations, nec

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 672 100.0 377 100.0 180 100.0 S
Single modes 670 99.6 376 99.6 180 99.8 S
Truck3 530 78.8 283 75.1 107 59.6 S
For-hire Truck 453 67.4 256 67.8 106 59.0 498
Private Truck S S S S S S 64
Rail S S S S S S 784
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S S

SCTG 24, Plastics and rubber

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 3,148 100.0 1,379 100.0 962 100.0 304
Single modes 2,821 89.6 1,298 94.1 860 89.4 236
Truck3 2,322 73.8 742 53.8 307 31.9 208
For-hire Truck 2,023 64.2 662 48.0 287 29.9 531
Private Truck 300 9.5 80 5.8 19 2.0 58
Rail 466 14.8 556 40.3 553 57.5 987
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S 1,362
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 795
Parcel, USPS or courier 78 2.5 3 0.2 2 0.2 775
Truck and rail S S S S S S 1,351
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 22

SCTG 25, Logs and other wood in the rough

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes S S S S S S 173
Single modes S S S S S S 173
Truck3 S S S S S S 170
For-hire Truck S S S S S S 170
Private Truck
Rail S S S S S S 2,861
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes
Parcel, USPS or courier
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

SCTG 26, Wood products

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 2,063 100.0 4,813 100.0 1,708 100.0 342
Single modes 2,043 99.0 4,757 98.8 1,636 95.8 290
Truck3 1,961 95.1 4,534 94.2 1,442 84.4 283
For-hire Truck 1,805 87.5 4,068 84.5 1,333 78.0 330
Private Truck 156 7.6 S S 109 6.4 169
Rail 81 4.0 222 4.6 195 11.4 917
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes 13 0.6 27 0.6 S S 1,232
Parcel, USPS or courier 1 S S 1,162
Truck and rail 12 0.6 27 0.6 S S 2,483
Truck and water S S S S S S 260
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 441

SCTG 27, Pulp, newsprint, paper, and paper board

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 171 100.0 231 100.0 114 100.0 175
Single modes 165 96.9 231 99.9 114 100.0 154
Truck3 108 63.5 203 88.0 93 81.5 150
For-hire Truck 84 49.3 182 78.9 90 79.2 406
Private Truck S S 21 9.1 S S S
Rail S S 28 12.0 21 18.5 805
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 195
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 195
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 426

SCTG 28, Paper or paper board articles

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 288 100.0 132 100.0 18 100.0 S
Single modes 285 98.9 131 99.1 18 99.2 S
Truck3 285 98.9 131 99.1 18 99.2 S
For-hire Truck 42 14.7 30 22.3 9 50.6 169
Private Truck 242 84.2 102 76.8 S S 60
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 135
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 135
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 5

SCTG 29, Printed products

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 579 100.0 294 100.0 150 100.0 S
Single modes 524 90.5 291 99.0 150 99.7 S
Truck3 523 90.5 291 99.0 150 99.7 S
For-hire Truck 308 53.2 231 78.8 124 82.5 500
Private Truck S S 59 20.2 26 17.1 S
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 1,106
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes 33 5.8 2 0.6 S S 289
Parcel, USPS or courier 33 5.8 2 0.6 S S 289
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 30

SCTG 30, Textiles, leather,and articles of textiles or leather

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 279 100.0 16 100.0 10 100.0 565
Single modes 188 67.4 13 79.5 8 78.3 550
Truck3 182 65.3 13 79.1 8 77.6 518
For-hire Truck 134 47.9 10 60.4 6 58.2 668
Private Truck S S S S S S S
Rail S S S S S S 409
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 1,628
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes 37 13.2 1 6.9 1 6.9 563
Parcel, USPS or courier 37 13.2 1 6.9 1 6.9 563
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes 54 19.4 2 13.6 S S 712

SCTG 31, Nonmetallic mineral products

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 723 100.0 4,757 100.0 409 100.0 307
Single modes 684 94.6 4,748 99.8 407 99.6 150
Truck3 673 93.1 4,699 98.8 404 98.8 150
For-hire Truck 458 63.3 1,225 25.8 255 62.4 430
Private Truck 215 29.7 3,474 73.0 148 36.3 35
Rail S S S S S S 68
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 756
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes 30 4.1 S S 1 0.4 829
Parcel, USPS or courier 28 3.9 1 1 0.2 831
Truck and rail 2 0.2 S S S S S
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes 9 1.3 S S S S S

SCTG 32, Base metal in primary or semifinished forms and in finished basic shapes

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 3,879 100.0 4,696 100.0 2,395 100.0 530
Single modes 3,798 97.9 4,653 99.1 2,343 97.8 542
Truck3 3,278 84.5 3,568 76.0 1,345 56.2 518
For-hire Truck 2,771 71.4 3,398 72.3 1,273 53.1 585
Private Truck 507 13.1 171 3.6 72 3.0 381
Rail S S S S S S 1,372
Water S S S S S S 1,060
Shallow draft S S S S S S 1,060
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 375
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 361
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water S S S S S S 1,752
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 540

SCTG 33, Articles of base metal

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 935 100.0 466 100.0 232 100.0 324
Single modes 896 95.8 449 96.4 231 99.6 312
Truck3 893 95.5 449 96.4 231 99.5 311
For-hire Truck 711 76.1 383 82.1 212 91.5 740
Private Truck 181 19.4 66 14.3 S S 51
Rail S S S S S S 893
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 698
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes 22 2.3 S S 0.2 499
Parcel, USPS or courier 21 2.3 1 0.2 0.1 500
Truck and rail S S S S S S 73
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S S

SCTG 34, Machinery

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 2,897 100.0 379 100.0 227 100.0 183
Single modes 2,134 73.7 319 84.2 S S 108
Truck3 2,129 73.5 319 84.2 S S 102
For-hire Truck 1,501 51.8 276 72.8 S S 295
Private Truck 629 21.7 43 11.5 S S 53
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 1,433
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes 635 21.9 52 13.6 S S 327
Parcel, USPS or courier 218 7.5 4 1.2 S S 319
Truck and rail S S S S S S 2,104
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes 128 4.4 8 2.1 0.1 S

SCTG 35, Electronic and other electrical equipment and components and office equipment

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 685 100.0 S S 10 100.0 318
Single modes 557 81.4 S S 9 89.7 S
Truck3 557 81.4 S S 9 89.6 S
For-hire Truck 191 27.9 19 43.7 7 66.4 S
Private Truck 366 53.5 S S S S S
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 1,283
Pipeline4 S S S S S S S
Multiple modes S S 2 5.2 S S 680
Parcel, USPS or courier S S 2 5.2 S S 680
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S S

SCTG 36, Motorized and other vehicles (including parts)

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 1,756 100.0 212 100.0 113 100.0 639
Single modes 1,447 82.4 204 96.3 106 94.2 S
Truck3 1,393 79.3 172 81.2 64 57.0 S
For-hire Truck 939 53.5 96 45.2 36 31.6 423
Private Truck 454 25.9 76 36.0 29 25.5 S
Rail 54 3.1 S S S S 1,287
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes S S 7 3.3 6 5.6 816
Parcel, USPS or courier S S 7 3.3 6 5.6 816
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 112

SCTG 37, Transportation equipment, nec

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes S S S S S S 692
Single modes S S S S S S 671
Truck3 S S S S S S 638
For-hire Truck S S S S S S 639
Private Truck S S S S S S 110
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 1,005
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 744
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 744
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 319

SCTG 38, Precision instruments and apparatus

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 303 100.0 S S S S S
Single modes 130 43.1 S S S S 1,101
Truck3 113 37.3 S S S S S
For-hire Truck 87 28.8 S S S S 396
Private Truck S S S S S S 35
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 1,825
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S S
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S S
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 162

SCTG 39, Furniture, mattresses and mattress supports, lamps, lighting fittings

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes S S S S S S S
Single modes S S S S S S S
Truck3 S S S S S S S
For-hire Truck S S S S S S 218
Private Truck S S S S S S 33
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 1,298
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S S
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S S
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

SCTG 40, Miscellaneous manufactured products

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 1,021 100.0 S S 133 100.0 194
Single modes 940 92.0 S S 131 98.7 123
Truck3 940 92.0 S S 131 98.7 123
For-hire Truck 673 65.9 68 3.8 51 38.6 680
Private Truck 267 26.1 S S S S S
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes 71 7.0 S S S S 317
Parcel, USPS or courier 71 7.0 S S S S 317
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S S

SCTG 41, Waste and scrap

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes S S S S S S 104
Single modes S S S S S S 104
Truck3 S S S S S S 104
For-hire Truck S S S S S S 83
Private Truck S S S S S S 146
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes
Parcel, USPS or courier
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

SCTG 43, Mixed freight

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 1,556 100.0 1,056 100.0 124 100.0 520
Single modes 1,194 76.7 S S S S 129
Truck3 1,193 76.6 S S S S 126
For-hire Truck S S 12 1.1 S S S
Private Truck 973 62.5 S S S S 128
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 1,194
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes 321 20.6 S S 9 7.2 744
Parcel, USPS or courier 321 20.6 S S 9 7.2 744
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 44

Commodity unknown

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 111 100.0 S S S S S
Single modes 109 98.6 S S S S S
Truck3 S S S S S S S
For-hire Truck S S S S S S S
Private Truck S S S S 2 1.1 S
Rail S S S S S S 428
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

KEY:
– Represents data cell equal to zero or less than 1 unit of measure.
S Estimate does not meet publication standards because of high sampling variability or poor response quality.

1 Ton-miles estimates are based on estimated distances traveled along a modeled transportation network. See "Mileage Calculations" section for additional information.
2 Estimates exclude shipments of crude petroleum (SCTG 16).
3 "Truck" as a single mode includes shipments that were made by only private truck, only for-hire truck, or a combination of private tuck and for-hire truck.
4 Estimates for pipeline exclude shipments of crude petroleum.

NOTES: Value-of-shipments estimates have not been adjusted for price changes. Appendix B tables provide estimated measures of sampling variability. The Introduction and appendixes give information on confidentiality protection, sampling error, nonsampling error, sample design, and definitions. Links to this information on the Internet may be found at www.census.gov/cfs. Coverage for the 2002 Commodity Flow Survey (CFS) differs from the previous surveys due to a change from the 1987 Standard Industrial Classification System to the 1997 North American Industry Classification System and other survey improvements. Therefore, data users are urged to use caution when comparing 2002 CFS estimates with estimates from prior years.

SOURCE: Bureau of Transportation Statistics (USDOT) and U.S. Census Bureau, 2002 Commodity Flow Survey, Individual State Data, December 2004.