Table 13 - Shipment Characteristics by Destination and Mode of Transportation for State of Origin: 2002

Table 13 - Shipment Characteristics by Destination and Mode of Transportation for State of Origin: 2002

[Estimates are based on data from the Commodity Flow Survey. Because of rounding, estimates may not be additive]

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Total

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 38,479 100.0 275,583 100.0 78,437 100.0 297
Single modes 35,150 91.3 245,787 89.2 71,545 91.2 127
Truck 28,536 74.2 57,618 20.9 7,602 9.7 119
For-hire truck 20,566 53.4 39,366 14.3 6,382 8.1 275
Private truck 7,970 20.7 18,252 6.6 1,220 1.6 62
Rail 5,590 14.5 151,686 55.0 57,866 73.8 584
Water 580 1.5 17,566 6.4 S S 594
Shallow draft 580 1.5 17,566 6.4 S S 594
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) 71 0.2 1 1 1,540
Pipeline3 S S S S S S S
Multiple modes 2,479 6.4 10,714 3.9 4,501 5.7 651
Parcel, USPS or courier 1,465 3.8 55 25 650
Truck and rail 711 1.8 1,780 0.6 1,217 1.6 1,046
Truck and water S S S S S S 316
Rail and water 295 0.8 8,539 3.1 3,141 4.0 457
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes 851 2.2 19,082 6.9 S S 56

Alabama

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 275 100.0 351 100.0 232 100.0 674
Single modes 268 97.5 351 100.0 232 100.0 641
Truck 246 89.4 160 45.6 104 45.1 630
For-hire truck 183 66.6 126 36.0 84 36.1 626
Private truck S S S S S S 644
Rail 22 8.0 S S S S 884
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 996
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 7 2.5 S S 702
Parcel, USPS or courier 7 2.5 S S 702
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 801

Alaska

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes S S S S S S 2,418
Single modes
Truck
For-hire truck
Private truck
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 2,418
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 2,418
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

Arizona

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 131 100.0 69 100.0 150 100.0 2,099
Single modes 98 74.5 68 99.4 150 99.4 2,026
Truck S S S S S S 2,016
For-hire truck 46 35.0 25 35.7 49 32.4 2,045
Private truck S S S S S S 1,978
Rail S S S S S S 2,357
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 2,060
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes S S 0.6 1 0.6 2,119
Parcel, USPS or courier S S 0.6 1 0.6 2,119
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

Arkansas

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes S S S S S S 845
Single modes S S S S S S 737
Truck S S S S S S 735
For-hire truck S S S S S S 734
Private truck S S S S S S 871
Rail S S S S S S 1,158
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 7 1.4 S S S S 897
Parcel, USPS or courier 7 1.4 S S S S 897
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

California

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 1,085 100.0 431 100.0 1,132 100.0 2,592
Single modes 755 69.6 S S S S 2,458
Truck 635 58.6 197 45.8 491 43.4 2,431
For-hire truck 483 44.5 195 45.3 486 42.9 2,433
Private truck S S 2 0.5 5 0.5 2,373
Rail S S S S S S 2,717
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 2,512
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 330 30.4 85 19.8 240 21.2 2,610
Parcel, USPS or courier 63 5.8 2 0.5 5 0.5 2,608
Truck and rail 267 24.6 83 19.3 234 20.7 2,820
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 2,697

Colorado

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 101 100.0 S S S S 1,617
Single modes 79 77.9 S S S S 1,536
Truck 78 77.7 S S S S 1,512
For-hire truck 72 71.2 S S S S 1,508
Private truck S S S S S S 1,595
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 1,883
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 22 22.1 0.9 1 0.9 1,625
Parcel, USPS or courier 22 22.1 0.9 1 0.9 1,625
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

Connecticut

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 171 100.0 179 100.0 S S 542
Single modes 166 97.5 128 71.2 69 50.6 583
Truck 160 93.5 122 68.1 65 47.3 514
For-hire truck 136 79.4 94 52.5 50 36.8 527
Private truck 24 14.1 28 15.6 14 10.5 484
Rail S S S S S S 810
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 1,174
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 4 2.4 S S S S 522
Parcel, USPS or courier 3 1.5 S S S S 509
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water S S S S S S 1,311
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 525

Delaware

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes S S S S S S 329
Single modes S S S S S S 425
Truck S S S S S S 408
For-hire truck S S S S S S 424
Private truck 15 5.7 3 0.2 1 0.1 343
Rail S S S S S S 486
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes S S 275
Parcel, USPS or courier S S 275
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

District of Columbia

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 23 100.0 110 100.0 10 100.0 141
Single modes 21 88.6 110 100.0 10 99.9 91
Truck 21 88.6 110 100.0 10 99.9 91
For-hire truck 11 45.7 67 60.7 7 65.8 133
Private truck S S S S S S 80
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 309
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 309
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

Florida

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 299 100.0 295 100.0 279 100.0 967
Single modes 248 83.0 292 99.0 276 98.9 998
Truck 217 72.6 135 45.6 128 45.8 960
For-hire truck 181 60.5 121 40.8 116 41.4 958
Private truck S S S S S S 978
Rail 11 3.8 S S S S 1,021
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 1,325
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 49 16.4 1 0.3 1 0.3 960
Parcel, USPS or courier 49 16.4 1 0.3 1 0.3 960
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 1,099

Georgia

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 553 100.0 S S S S 653
Single modes 511 92.3 S S S S 612
Truck 350 63.4 S S S S 603
For-hire truck 320 57.8 238 12.6 145 12.3 605
Private truck 31 5.6 18 0.9 11 0.9 578
Rail 160 28.9 S S S S 623
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 997
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 40 7.3 S S S S 662
Parcel, USPS or courier 37 6.7 1 1 662
Truck and rail S S S S S S 650
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 523

Hawaii

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes S S S S S S 5,258
Single modes S S S S S S 4,769
Truck
For-hire truck
Private truck
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 4,769
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 5,314
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 5,314
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

Idaho

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes S S S S S S 2,123
Single modes S S S S S S 2,066
Truck S S S S S S 2,039
For-hire truck S S S S S S 2,039
Private truck
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 2,074
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 2,143
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 2,143
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

Illinois

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 597 100.0 1,020 100.0 617 100.0 570
Single modes 544 91.1 911 89.3 515 83.5 524
Truck 458 76.7 455 44.6 228 37.0 521
For-hire truck 387 64.8 424 41.6 212 34.4 499
Private truck 71 12.0 30 3.0 16 2.6 610
Rail 84 14.1 457 44.8 287 46.5 558
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 869
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 48 8.0 S S S S 590
Parcel, USPS or courier 44 7.3 1 0.1 1 0.1 590
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water S S S S S S 940
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 567

Indiana

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 877 100.0 11,764 100.0 6,177 100.0 426
Single modes 842 96.0 11,747 99.9 6,171 99.9 371
Truck 490 55.8 585 5.0 220 3.6 365
For-hire truck 451 51.4 551 4.7 208 3.4 370
Private truck 38 4.4 35 0.3 12 0.2 340
Rail 320 36.5 9,545 81.1 5,326 86.2 529
Water S S S S S S 387
Shallow draft S S S S S S 387
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 21 2.4 S S 454
Parcel, USPS or courier 21 2.4 S S 454
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 286

Iowa

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 103 100.0 153 100.0 124 100.0 904
Single modes 99 96.2 S S 123 99.9 837
Truck 58 56.1 58 37.9 47 38.1 835
For-hire truck 46 44.5 49 32.3 39 31.5 778
Private truck S S S S S S 928
Rail S S S S S S 816
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 1,114
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 4 3.8 931
Parcel, USPS or courier 4 3.8 931
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

Kansas

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 123 100.0 23 100.0 22 100.0 1,125
Single modes 90 73.1 S S 22 98.2 928
Truck 81 66.5 14 61.0 14 63.3 907
For-hire truck 81 65.7 14 59.8 14 62.3 907
Private truck S S S S S S 780
Rail S S S S S S 926
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 1,419
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 8 6.4 1.7 1.7 1,139
Parcel, USPS or courier 8 6.4 1.7 1.7 1,139
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 1,060

Kentucky

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 2,645 100.0 13,583 100.0 S S 124
Single modes 2,314 87.5 13,325 98.1 S S 102
Truck 2,033 76.9 S S 403 9.9 98
For-hire truck 1,651 62.4 S S 350 8.6 219
Private truck 382 14.4 345 2.5 53 1.3 75
Rail 142 5.4 S S S S 424
Water S S S S S S 389
Shallow draft S S S S S S 389
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 547
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 148
Parcel, USPS or courier 126 4.8 S S S S 147
Truck and rail S S S S S S 324
Truck and water S S S S S S 361
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S S

Louisiana

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 62 100.0 49 100.0 54 100.0 1,073
Single modes 51 82.4 48 99.0 54 99.0 1,022
Truck 41 66.7 32 66.3 33 61.7 1,009
For-hire truck 32 51.6 31 64.0 32 59.7 1,014
Private truck S S S S S S 949
Rail 10 15.6 16 32.7 20 37.3 1,249
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 1,392
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 11 17.5 S S S S 1,087
Parcel, USPS or courier 11 17.5 S S S S 1,087
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 1,221

Maine

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 46 100.0 42 100.0 37 100.0 746
Single modes 43 93.8 38 89.7 33 89.6 771
Truck 38 83.0 21 49.9 16 43.4 739
For-hire truck 32 69.7 20 46.8 15 41.1 743
Private truck S S S S S S 732
Rail S S S S S S 1,028
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 1,392
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 741
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 741
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 904

Maryland

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 843 100.0 25,361 100.0 6,151 100.0 125
Single modes 772 91.6 24,107 95.1 5,400 87.8 111
Truck 425 50.5 4,865 19.2 417 6.8 107
For-hire truck 334 39.6 4,555 18.0 392 6.4 110
Private truck 92 10.9 310 1.2 25 0.4 100
Rail 347 41.1 19,243 75.9 4,983 81.0 227
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 859
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 155
Parcel, USPS or courier 20 2.4 1 154
Truck and rail S S S S S S 441
Truck and water
Rail and water S S S S S S 598
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 136

Massachusetts

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 177 100.0 83 100.0 47 100.0 552
Single modes 164 92.5 82 99.2 47 99.2 575
Truck 164 92.5 82 99.1 47 99.1 577
For-hire truck 135 75.9 75 90.9 43 91.5 587
Private truck 29 16.5 7 8.2 4 7.6 528
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 488
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 9 5.3 0.6 0.6 543
Parcel, USPS or courier 9 5.3 0.6 0.6 543
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 671

Michigan

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 1,004 100.0 3,114 100.0 1,489 100.0 478
Single modes 842 83.9 2,728 87.6 1,294 86.9 418
Truck 698 69.6 398 12.8 151 10.1 407
For-hire truck 644 64.2 372 11.9 139 9.3 371
Private truck 54 5.4 26 0.8 12 0.8 559
Rail S S 2,330 74.8 1,143 76.7 341
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 803
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 497
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 497
Truck and rail S S S S S S 506
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 459

Minnesota

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 127 100.0 58 100.0 57 100.0 1,022
Single modes 119 93.7 57 99.2 56 99.2 952
Truck 111 87.6 48 83.7 46 81.7 934
For-hire truck 93 73.0 44 76.8 42 73.9 936
Private truck 18 14.6 4 6.9 S S 915
Rail S S S S S S 1,005
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 1,201
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 8 6.3 S S S S 1,041
Parcel, USPS or courier 8 6.3 S S S S 1,041
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

Mississippi

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 57 100.0 S S S S 876
Single modes 55 96.7 S S S S 875
Truck 41 72.8 S S S S 864
For-hire truck 40 70.7 S S S S 863
Private truck S S S S S S 876
Rail S S S S S S 1,062
Water S S S S S S 1,594
Shallow draft S S S S S S 1,594
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 877
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 877
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

Missouri

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 199 100.0 140 100.0 87 100.0 698
Single modes 190 95.1 139 99.5 86 99.4 676
Truck 177 88.5 129 92.4 78 89.6 650
For-hire truck 171 85.5 124 88.9 75 86.3 654
Private truck S S S S S S 628
Rail S S S S S S 865
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 894
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 8 4.2 0.3 0.3 706
Parcel, USPS or courier 8 4.2 0.3 0.3 706
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 617

Montana

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 3 100.0 S S S S 1,953
Single modes S S S S S S 1,861
Truck S S S S S S 1,820
For-hire truck S S S S S S 1,820
Private truck
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 2,166
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 1,993
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 1,993
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

Nebraska

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 69 100.0 S S S S 1,240
Single modes 67 96.3 S S S S 1,028
Truck S S S S S S 1,036
For-hire truck S S S S S S 1,036
Private truck
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 995
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 1,313
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 1,313
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

Nevada

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 15 100.0 2 100.0 4 100.0 2,284
Single modes S S 2 95.5 4 95.7 2,250
Truck S S 2 95.5 4 95.7 2,250
For-hire truck 3 22.6 1 46.2 2 46.3 2,243
Private truck S S S S S S 2,359
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 2 13.3 4.5 4.3 2,295
Parcel, USPS or courier 2 13.3 4.5 4.3 2,295
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

New Hampshire

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 61 100.0 43 100.0 30 100.0 628
Single modes 59 97.2 43 99.0 30 99.0 689
Truck 59 97.0 40 93.7 28 91.3 688
For-hire truck S S 24 55.0 16 52.9 703
Private truck S S S S S S 625
Rail S S S S S S 1,043
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 1 1.4 586
Parcel, USPS or courier 1 1.4 586
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 651

New Jersey

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 1,320 100.0 S S S S 373
Single modes 1,177 89.2 S S S S 387
Truck 728 55.2 295 1.7 112 1.3 373
For-hire truck 681 51.6 280 1.6 107 1.2 373
Private truck 47 3.6 S S S S 373
Rail S S S S S S 547
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 776
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 138 10.5 2,333 13.7 990 11.1 367
Parcel, USPS or courier S S 1 352
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water 106 8.0 2,333 13.7 990 11.1 424
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 491

New Mexico

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 15 100.0 S S S S 1,712
Single modes S S S S S S 1,644
Truck S S S S S S 1,603
For-hire truck S S S S S S 1,603
Private truck S S S S S S 1,591
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 1,690
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 1 6.5 0.4 0.4 1,727
Parcel, USPS or courier 1 6.5 0.4 0.4 1,727
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

New York

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 1,080 100.0 S S 6,030 100.0 363
Single modes 1,005 93.1 S S 6,030 100.0 429
Truck 664 61.5 553 5.0 229 3.8 409
For-hire truck 550 50.9 443 4.0 185 3.1 420
Private truck 115 10.6 111 1.0 44 0.7 373
Rail S S S S 5,800 96.2 597
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 1,098
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 63 5.8 2 1 341
Parcel, USPS or courier 63 5.8 2 1 341
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 465

North Carolina

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 2,011 100.0 14,402 100.0 5,994 100.0 362
Single modes 1,890 94.0 9,937 69.0 4,198 70.0 368
Truck 1,615 80.3 497 3.5 172 2.9 355
For-hire truck 1,530 76.1 425 2.9 144 2.4 374
Private truck 85 4.2 S S S S 321
Rail 275 13.7 9,440 65.5 4,026 67.2 629
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 852
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 10 0.5 358
Parcel, USPS or courier 10 0.5 358
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 396

North Dakota

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes S S S S S S 1,324
Single modes S S S S S S 1,316
Truck S S S S S S 1,295
For-hire truck S S S S S S 1,295
Private truck
Rail S S S S S S 1,717
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 1,334
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 1,334
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

Ohio

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 6,093 100.0 36,872 100.0 8,755 100.0 117
Single modes 5,728 94.0 34,330 93.1 8,131 92.9 82
Truck 4,737 77.7 3,805 10.3 478 5.5 80
For-hire truck 3,632 59.6 1,859 5.0 299 3.4 119
Private truck 1,105 18.1 S S S S 63
Rail 649 10.7 20,280 55.0 6,029 68.9 293
Water S S 3,177 8.6 480 5.5 138
Shallow draft S S 3,177 8.6 480 5.5 138
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 763
Pipeline3 S S S S S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 224
Parcel, USPS or courier 65 1.1 S S 1 224
Truck and rail S S S S S S 236
Truck and water S S S S S S 311
Rail and water S S S S S S 246
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S 26 S S S

Oklahoma

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 40 100.0 S S S S 1,231
Single modes 18 45.7 11 26.2 S S 1,055
Truck 15 36.6 11 26.1 S S 1,063
For-hire truck 13 31.0 10 23.3 S S 1,064
Private truck S S S S S S 1,058
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 1,045
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 1,271
Parcel, USPS or courier S S 0.4 0.3 1,268
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water S S S S S S 1,752
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 975

Oregon

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 93 100.0 59 100.0 157 100.0 2,673
Single modes S S 58 99.1 156 99.1 2,613
Truck S S 52 87.3 135 86.1 2,610
For-hire truck S S 49 83.9 130 82.7 2,611
Private truck S S S S S S 2,586
Rail S S S S S S 2,936
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 2,325
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 2,687
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 2,687
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

Pennsylvania

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 3,072 100.0 21,563 100.0 4,848 100.0 164
Single modes 2,859 93.1 18,763 87.0 4,053 83.6 147
Truck 2,393 77.9 4,541 21.1 611 12.6 150
For-hire truck 1,872 60.9 2,818 13.1 476 9.8 171
Private truck 521 17.0 1,723 8.0 135 2.8 102
Rail 309 10.1 9,188 42.6 3,094 63.8 345
Water S S 4,105 19.0 332 6.8 88
Shallow draft S S 4,105 19.0 332 6.8 88
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) 1 S S S S 742
Pipeline3 S S S S S S S
Multiple modes 158 5.1 S S S S 197
Parcel, USPS or courier 79 2.6 2 197
Truck and rail S S S S S S 381
Truck and water S S S S S S 353
Rail and water S S S S S S 275
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 178

Rhode Island

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 26 100.0 37 100.0 S S 678
Single modes 25 98.9 37 100.0 S S 632
Truck S S 16 43.6 S S 605
For-hire truck S S 15 41.0 S S 625
Private truck S S S S S S 497
Rail S S S S S S 918
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 750
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 750
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

South Carolina

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 327 100.0 S S S S 464
Single modes 304 92.9 S S S S 476
Truck 255 77.9 S S S S 448
For-hire truck 166 50.9 113 7.9 56 6.7 467
Private truck S S S S S S 395
Rail S S S S S S 597
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 746
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 7 2.1 S S S S 455
Parcel, USPS or courier 7 2.1 S S S S 455
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 499

South Dakota

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes S S S S S S 1,294
Single modes S S S S S S 1,294
Truck S S S S S S 1,294
For-hire truck S S S S S S 1,294
Private truck
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes
Parcel, USPS or courier
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

Tennessee

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 538 100.0 S S S S 574
Single modes 487 90.6 S S S S 503
Truck 335 62.2 S S S S 477
For-hire truck 317 58.9 S S 186 5.7 489
Private truck 18 3.3 S S S S 346
Rail S S S S S S 635
Water S S S S S S 1,119
Shallow draft S S S S S S 1,119
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 983
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 50 9.3 1 1 594
Parcel, USPS or courier 50 9.3 1 1 594
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 631

Texas

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 1,552 100.0 880 100.0 1,343 100.0 1,326
Single modes 1,471 94.8 877 99.6 1,339 99.6 1,303
Truck 1,033 66.6 367 41.7 472 35.1 1,280
For-hire truck 834 53.7 317 36.0 407 30.3 1,306
Private truck 200 12.9 S S S S 1,264
Rail 397 25.6 430 48.9 709 52.8 1,666
Water S S S S S S 1,977
Shallow draft S S S S S S 1,977
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 1,253
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 62 4.0 S S S S 1,342
Parcel, USPS or courier 62 4.0 1 0.1 1 0.1 1,342
Truck and rail S S S S S S 1,998
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 1,332

Utah

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes S S 16 100.0 30 100.0 1,912
Single modes S S 16 97.6 30 97.4 1,874
Truck S S 16 97.6 30 97.4 1,855
For-hire truck S S 16 97.6 30 97.4 1,855
Private truck
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 2,106
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 4 1.3 S S S S 1,924
Parcel, USPS or courier 4 1.3 S S S S 1,924
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 2,028

Vermont

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 68 100.0 S S S S 506
Single modes S S S S S S 617
Truck S S S S S S 616
For-hire truck S S S S S S 685
Private truck S S S S S S 540
Rail S S S S S S 790
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 468
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 468
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 1,061

Virginia

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 1,612 100.0 12,317 100.0 5,524 100.0 182
Single modes 1,499 93.0 11,346 92.1 4,954 89.7 142
Truck 1,112 69.0 1,891 15.4 322 5.8 136
For-hire truck 661 41.0 1,131 9.2 235 4.3 212
Private truck 451 28.0 760 6.2 87 1.6 107
Rail 386 24.0 9,455 76.8 4,633 83.9 393
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 791
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 98 6.1 S S S S 226
Parcel, USPS or courier 71 4.4 4 S S 212
Truck and rail S S S S S S 610
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 143

Washington

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 115 100.0 73 100.0 196 100.0 2,713
Single modes 95 82.8 72 99.0 194 99.0 2,589
Truck 65 56.1 S S S S 2,580
For-hire truck 64 55.6 S S S S 2,580
Private truck S S S S S S 2,661
Rail S S S S S S 2,809
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 2,669
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 19 16.6 S S S S 2,735
Parcel, USPS or courier 15 13.2 S S S S 2,735
Truck and rail S S S S S S 2,814
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 2,786

West Virginia

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 9,446 100.0 92,394 100.0 8,002 100.0 40
Single modes 8,666 91.7 78,706 85.2 7,903 98.8 35
Truck 7,409 78.4 32,519 35.2 1,172 14.6 35
For-hire truck 3,240 34.3 20,004 21.7 814 10.2 56
Private truck 4,169 44.1 12,515 13.5 358 4.5 32
Rail 1,013 10.7 33,409 36.2 6,397 79.9 97
Water 32 0.3 1,857 2.0 S S 155
Shallow draft 32 0.3 1,857 2.0 S S 155
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline3 S S S S S S S
Multiple modes 318 3.4 S S S S 83
Parcel, USPS or courier 318 3.4 14 1 83
Truck and rail
Truck and water S S S S S S 191
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes 462 4.9 S S S S 16

Wisconsin

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 298 100.0 S S S S 695
Single modes 264 88.8 S S S S 656
Truck 259 87.1 S S S S 656
For-hire truck 200 67.3 218 23.8 S S 650
Private truck 59 19.8 S S S S 668
Rail S S S S S S 668
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 726
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 12 4.0 713
Parcel, USPS or courier 12 4.0 713
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 888

Wyoming

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 14 100.0 S S S S 1,626
Single modes S S S S S S 1,537
Truck S S S S S S 1,537
For-hire truck S S S S S S 1,537
Private truck
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 1,632
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 1,632
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

KEY:
– Represents data cell equal to zero or less than 1 unit of measure.
S Estimate does not meet publication standards because of high sampling variability or poor response quality.

1 Estimates represent activity for a given mode across single and multiple mode shipments. For example, "Truck" ton-miles includes total ton-miles for shipments moving only by truck plus ton-miles for truck segments of multiple mode shipments.
2 Ton-miles estimates are based on estimated distances traveled along a modeled transportation network. See "Mileage Calculations" section for additional information.
3 Estimates for pipeline exclude shipments of crude petroleum.

NOTES: Value-of-shipments estimates have not been adjusted for price changes. Appendix B tables provide estimated measures of sampling variability. The Introduction and appendixes give information on confidentiality protection, sampling error, nonsampling error, sample design, and definitions. Links to this information on the Internet may be found at www.census.gov/cfs. Coverage for the 2002 Commodity Flow Survey (CFS) differs from the previous surveys due to a change from the 1987 Standard Industrial Classification System to the 1997 North American Industry Classification System and other survey improvements. Therefore, data users are urged to use caution when comparing 2002 CFS estimates with estimates from prior years.

SOURCE: Bureau of Transportation Statistics (USDOT) and U.S. Census Bureau, 2002 Commodity Flow Survey, Individual State Data, December 2004.