Table 15 - Shipment Characteristics by Origin State and Mode of Transportation for State of Destination: 2002

Table 15 - Shipment Characteristics by Origin State and Mode of Transportation for State of Destination: 2002

[Estimates are based on data from the Commodity Flow Survey. Because of rounding, estimates may not be additive]

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Total

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 36,747 100.0 131,725 100.0 17,606 100.0 458
Single modes 32,193 87.6 117,482 89.2 17,294 98.2 154
Truck 29,025 79.0 55,571 42.2 5,983 34.0 131
For-hire truck 17,444 47.5 36,042 27.4 4,288 24.4 286
Private truck 11,548 31.4 19,464 14.8 1,679 9.5 67
Rail 2,250 6.1 39,084 29.7 8,869 50.4 531
Water 388 1.1 11,751 8.9 2,356 13.4 255
Shallow draft 388 1.1 11,751 8.9 2,356 13.4 255
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) 289 0.8 S S S S 972
Pipeline3 S S S S S S S
Multiple modes 3,737 10.2 198 0.2 108 0.6 746
Parcel, USPS or courier 3,716 10.1 119 67 0.4 746
Truck and Rail 15 S S S S 935
Truck and water S S S S S S 2,603
Rail and water S S S S S S 186
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes 817 2.2 14,045 10.7 204 1.2 149

Alabama

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 129 100.0 104 100.0 67 100.0 629
Single modes 97 75.1 102 98.2 66 98.2 574
Truck 92 71.3 87 83.5 53 79.4 572
For-hire truck S S 63 60.3 39 57.9 571
Private truck S S S S S S 576
Rail S S S S S S 821
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes S S 1 0.6 0.7 661
Parcel, USPS or courier S S 1 0.6 0.7 661
Truck and Rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 643

Alaska

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes
Single modes
Truck
For-hire truck
Private truck
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes
Parcel, USPS or courier
Truck and Rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

Arizona

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes S S S S S S 2,094
Single modes S S S S S S 2,120
Truck S S S S S S 2,091
For-hire truck S S S S S S 2,091
Private truck
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 2,194
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 2,087
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 2,087
Truck and Rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 2,067

Arkansas

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 183 100.0 118 100.0 105 100.0 860
Single modes 151 82.3 103 86.9 92 87.8 815
Truck 146 79.7 77 64.7 64 60.9 808
For-hire truck 135 73.9 73 61.6 61 58.1 814
Private truck S S S S S S 769
Rail S S S S S S 1,068
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 1,207
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 20 10.9 1 1.0 1 1.0 867
Parcel, USPS or courier S S 1 0.8 1 0.8 867
Truck and Rail S S S S S S 1,244
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 821

California

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 590 100.0 20 100.0 52 100.0 2,597
Single modes 196 33.3 S S S S 2,542
Truck 151 25.6 S S S S 2,430
For-hire truck 148 25.0 S S S S 2,432
Private truck S S S S S S 2,385
Rail S S S S S S 2,942
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 3,040
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 393 66.7 7 33.3 17 33.5 2,599
Parcel, USPS or courier 390 66.1 5 26.2 13 25.8 2,598
Truck and Rail S S S S S S 2,747
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

Colorado

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 56 100.0 S S S S 1,434
Single modes 29 51.5 S S S S 1,519
Truck 28 50.3 S S S S 1,450
For-hire truck 28 49.8 S S S S 1,445
Private truck S S S S S S 1,467
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 1,927
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 27 48.5 1 4.8 1 4.6 1,432
Parcel, USPS or courier 27 48.5 1 4.8 1 4.6 1,432
Truck and Rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

Connecticut

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes S S 13 100.0 8 100.0 567
Single modes S S S S S S 610
Truck S S S S S S 572
For-hire truck S S S S S S 569
Private truck S S S S S S 606
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 956
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 38 5.7 2 19.2 1 17.6 559
Parcel, USPS or courier 38 5.7 2 19.2 1 17.6 559
Truck and Rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

Delaware

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 40 100.0 46 100.0 21 100.0 344
Single modes 30 74.8 46 99.9 21 99.9 368
Truck 27 68.7 35 76.2 14 66.3 356
For-hire truck 25 63.8 23 50.5 9 42.7 345
Private truck S S S S S S 391
Rail S S S S S S 645
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes S S 333
Parcel, USPS or courier S S 333
Truck and Rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

District of Columbia

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes S S 100.0 100.0 261
Single modes S S 99.3 98.2 167
Truck S S 99.3 98.2 167
For-hire truck S S S S S S 68
Private truck S S S S S S 177
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 281
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 281
Truck and Rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

Florida

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 275 100.0 83 100.0 74 100.0 1,005
Single modes 182 66.1 79 95.5 70 95.1 897
Truck 138 50.1 S S S S 866
For-hire truck 112 40.7 26 31.6 21 28.4 874
Private truck S S S S S S 810
Rail S S 24 29.5 24 32.1 974
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 1,306
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 93 33.8 4 4.5 4 4.8 1,009
Parcel, USPS or courier 93 33.8 4 4.5 4 4.8 1,009
Truck and Rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 806

Georgia

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 1,063 100.0 529 100.0 295 100.0 572
Single modes 945 88.9 463 87.5 256 86.7 559
Truck 807 75.9 388 73.4 209 70.8 511
For-hire truck 749 70.4 306 57.8 164 55.6 516
Private truck S S S S S S 480
Rail S S S S S S 605
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 964
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 104 9.8 S S S S 580
Parcel, USPS or courier 97 9.2 2 0.3 1 0.4 580
Truck and Rail S S S S S S 610
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 495

Hawaii

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes S S S S S S 4,949
Single modes S S S S S S 4,890
Truck
For-hire truck
Private truck
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 4,890
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 5,087
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 4,997
Truck and Rail
Truck and water S S S S S S 5,153
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

Idaho

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes S S S S S S 2,144
Single modes S S S S S S 2,118
Truck S S S S S S 1,953
For-hire truck S S S S S S 1,953
Private truck
Rail S S S S S S 2,087
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 2,306
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 2,173
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 2,173
Truck and Rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 2,201

Illinois

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 733 100.0 S S S S 554
Single modes 662 90.3 S S S S 530
Truck 633 86.3 135 38.4 75 36.9 516
For-hire truck 633 86.3 135 38.3 75 36.8 516
Private truck S S S S S S 482
Rail S S S S S S 594
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 1,061
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 69 9.4 3 0.9 2 0.9 560
Parcel, USPS or courier 65 8.9 3 0.7 2 0.7 560
Truck and Rail S S S S S S 589
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 531

Indiana

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 1,173 100.0 1,493 100.0 649 100.0 309
Single modes 1,039 88.6 1,487 99.6 647 99.7 396
Truck 1,031 87.9 798 53.4 331 51.0 396
For-hire truck 461 39.3 383 25.7 148 22.8 385
Private truck 569 48.5 414 27.7 183 28.2 408
Rail S S S S S S 397
Water 5 0.4 633 42.4 293 45.2 464
Shallow draft 5 0.4 633 42.4 293 45.2 464
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 125 10.7 4 0.3 1 0.2 301
Parcel, USPS or courier 125 10.7 4 0.3 1 0.2 301
Truck and Rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 354

Iowa

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 119 100.0 114 100.0 88 100.0 750
Single modes 97 81.3 S S S S 772
Truck 97 81.3 S S S S 772
For-hire truck 69 58.4 56 49.2 42 48.1 753
Private truck S S S S S S 801
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 22 18.2 S S S S 748
Parcel, USPS or courier 16 13.6 S S S S 747
Truck and Rail
Truck and water S S S S S S 1,155
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 712

Kansas

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 44 100.0 12 100.0 11 100.0 962
Single modes 25 56.2 S S 8 74.9 1,040
Truck 22 50.5 S S 8 74.1 945
For-hire truck 22 50.3 S S S S 945
Private truck S S S S S S 922
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) 3 5.7 0.6 0.8 1,080
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 8 18.2 S S S S 921
Parcel, USPS or courier 8 18.2 S S S S 921
Truck and Rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 1,001

Kentucky

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 2,097 100.0 6,485 100.0 1,115 100.0 252
Single modes 1,811 86.4 6,478 99.9 1,113 99.8 182
Truck 1,659 79.1 2,687 41.4 431 38.7 178
For-hire truck 995 47.5 1,558 24.0 225 20.2 197
Private truck S S S S 206 18.5 158
Rail S S S S S S 393
Water S S S S S S 327
Shallow draft S S S S S S 327
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 723
Pipeline3 S S S S S S S
Multiple modes S S 7 0.1 2 0.2 292
Parcel, USPS or courier S S 7 0.1 2 0.2 292
Truck and Rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes 1 16

Louisiana

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 391 100.0 724 100.0 958 100.0 1,039
Single modes 368 94.1 723 99.9 957 99.9 1,006
Truck 82 21.1 S S S S 965
For-hire truck 82 21.0 S S S S 964
Private truck S S S S S S 1,137
Rail 173 44.2 332 45.9 409 42.7 1,235
Water S S S S S S 1,545
Shallow draft S S S S S S 1,545
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 23 5.9 1 0.1 1 1,049
Parcel, USPS or courier 23 5.9 1 0.1 1 1,049
Truck and Rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

Maine

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 74 100.0 S S S S 833
Single modes S S S S S S 834
Truck S S S S S S 869
For-hire truck S S S S S S 869
Private truck
Rail S S S S S S 762
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 833
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 833
Truck and Rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

Maryland

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 498 100.0 S S 168 100.0 118
Single modes 432 86.8 S S S S 89
Truck 427 85.8 S S S S 89
For-hire truck 140 28.2 S S S S S
Private truck 287 57.7 398 9.1 25 15.2 108
Rail S S S S S S 504
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 62 12.4 1 0.2 241
Parcel, USPS or courier 62 12.4 1 0.2 241
Truck and Rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S S

Massachusetts

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 266 100.0 37 100.0 23 100.0 667
Single modes 195 73.2 34 93.1 21 92.4 743
Truck 171 64.1 34 93.1 21 92.3 733
For-hire truck 75 28.1 S S S S 693
Private truck S S S S S S 747
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 1,070
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 71 26.7 2 4.1 1 4.3 656
Parcel, USPS or courier 71 26.7 2 4.1 1 4.3 656
Truck and Rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 708

Michigan

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 519 100.0 S S 249 100.0 580
Single modes 422 81.3 S S S S 775
Truck 385 74.1 S S S S 461
For-hire truck 344 66.3 S S S S 449
Private truck S S S S S S 506
Rail S S S S S S 620
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) 1 0.2 S S S S 984
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 79 15.2 1 0.2 0.2 454
Parcel, USPS or courier 79 15.2 1 0.2 0.2 454
Truck and Rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 350

Minnesota

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 283 100.0 S S S S 987
Single modes 240 84.9 S S S S 1,008
Truck 209 73.9 S S S S 896
For-hire truck 208 73.6 S S S S 885
Private truck S S S S S S 1,038
Rail S S S S S S 1,397
Water S S S S S S 1,575
Shallow draft S S S S S S 1,575
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 1,198
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 33 11.6 2 0.8 2 0.7 985
Parcel, USPS or courier 33 11.6 2 0.8 2 0.7 985
Truck and Rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 775

Mississippi

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 103 100.0 86 100.0 S S 702
Single modes 100 96.9 86 99.8 S S 707
Truck 55 53.4 18 20.9 S S 704
For-hire truck 52 50.8 17 19.6 13 11.8 676
Private truck S S S S S S 790
Rail S S S S S S 1,075
Water S S S S S S 1,513
Shallow draft S S S S S S 1,513
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 696
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 696
Truck and Rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

Missouri

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 357 100.0 S S S S 719
Single modes 255 71.5 S S S S 582
Truck 255 71.3 S S S S 574
For-hire truck 229 64.1 S S S S 556
Private truck S S S S S S 772
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 988
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 102 28.5 S S S S 734
Parcel, USPS or courier 102 28.5 S S S S 734
Truck and Rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

Montana

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 4 100.0 S S S S 1,972
Single modes S S S S S S 1,912
Truck S S S S S S 1,978
For-hire truck S S S S S S 1,978
Private truck
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 1,875
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 1,980
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 1,980
Truck and Rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 1,623

Nebraska

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 71 100.0 S S S S 1,228
Single modes S S S S S S 1,087
Truck S S S S S S 1,087
For-hire truck S S S S S S 1,088
Private truck S S S S S S 996
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes S S 1.0 1.0 1,247
Parcel, USPS or courier S S 1.0 1.0 1,247
Truck and Rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

Nevada

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes S S S S S S 2,327
Single modes S S S S S S 2,289
Truck S S S S S S 2,252
For-hire truck S S S S S S 2,252
Private truck
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 2,637
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 2,341
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 2,341
Truck and Rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

New Hampshire

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 38 100.0 S S S S 762
Single modes 28 73.8 S S S S 715
Truck 28 73.8 S S S S 708
For-hire truck 27 72.7 S S S S 708
Private truck S S S S S S 704
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 1,250
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 10 26.2 3.7 4.3 769
Parcel, USPS or courier 10 26.2 3.7 4.3 769
Truck and Rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

New Jersey

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 662 100.0 117 100.0 60 100.0 412
Single modes 339 51.3 110 94.5 57 95.6 489
Truck 287 43.4 73 62.8 34 56.6 440
For-hire truck 243 36.8 57 48.9 27 45.8 403
Private truck 44 6.6 16 13.9 6 10.8 519
Rail S S S S S S 661
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 1,004
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 318 48.0 5 4.6 2 3.4 401
Parcel, USPS or courier 318 48.0 5 4.6 2 3.4 401
Truck and Rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 546

New Mexico

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes S S S S S S 1,657
Single modes S S S S S S 1,546
Truck S S S S S S 1,546
For-hire truck S S S S S S 1,546
Private truck
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 1,681
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 1,681
Truck and Rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

New York

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 703 100.0 S S S S 515
Single modes 669 95.1 S S S S 486
Truck 667 94.8 S S S S 484
For-hire truck 649 92.3 S S S S 485
Private truck 18 2.6 18 3.9 7 3.0 450
Rail S S S S S S 493
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 907
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 34 4.8 2 0.4 1 0.3 522
Parcel, USPS or courier 34 4.8 2 0.4 1 0.3 522
Truck and Rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 585

North Carolina

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 1,097 100.0 925 100.0 280 100.0 383
Single modes 1,050 95.7 922 99.7 278 99.6 466
Truck 1,036 94.4 714 77.1 185 66.3 248
For-hire truck 703 64.1 360 38.9 110 39.4 275
Private truck 304 27.7 293 31.6 61 21.9 206
Rail S S S S S S 411
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 806
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 34 3.1 1 0.1 0.1 308
Parcel, USPS or courier 34 3.1 1 0.1 0.1 308
Truck and Rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 335

North Dakota

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 8 100.0 6 100.0 8 100.0 1,250
Single modes S S S S S S 1,254
Truck S S S S S S 1,254
For-hire truck S S S S S S 1,236
Private truck S S S S S S 1,342
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 1,250
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 1,250
Truck and Rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

Ohio

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 4,743 100.0 8,373 100.0 988 100.0 189
Single modes 4,222 89.0 8,340 99.6 982 99.3 149
Truck 4,021 84.8 4,524 54.0 622 63.0 145
For-hire truck 2,492 52.5 3,628 43.3 491 49.7 203
Private truck 1,528 32.2 896 10.7 131 13.3 84
Rail 124 2.6 668 8.0 210 21.3 315
Water S S S S S S 47
Shallow draft S S S S S S 47
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 660
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 502 10.6 25 0.3 6 0.6 221
Parcel, USPS or courier 502 10.6 25 0.3 6 0.6 221
Truck and Rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 166

Oklahoma

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 51 100.0 S S 64 100.0 1,077
Single modes S S S S 64 99.0 999
Truck S S S S S S 989
For-hire truck S S S S S S 988
Private truck S S S S S S 996
Rail S S S S S S 1,254
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 12 23.3 S S S S 1,105
Parcel, USPS or courier 12 23.3 S S S S 1,105
Truck and Rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

Oregon

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 47 100.0 21 100.0 55 100.0 2,656
Single modes 37 79.6 S S S S 2,620
Truck 37 79.6 S S S S 2,620
For-hire truck 37 79.6 S S S S 2,620
Private truck
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 2,667
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 10 20.4 S S S S 2,685
Parcel, USPS or courier 10 20.4 S S S S 2,685
Truck and Rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

Pennsylvania

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 4,489 100.0 8,207 100.0 1,230 100.0 319
Single modes 4,063 90.5 8,180 99.7 1,223 99.4 231
Truck 3,769 84.0 3,288 40.1 570 46.3 211
For-hire truck 2,223 49.5 1,917 23.4 360 29.2 297
Private truck 1,545 34.4 1,370 16.7 209 17.0 117
Rail 172 3.8 551 6.7 134 10.9 246
Water 119 2.6 4,340 52.9 519 42.2 120
Shallow draft 119 2.6 4,340 52.9 519 42.2 120
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 815
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 365 8.1 13 0.2 3 0.3 359
Parcel, USPS or courier 365 8.1 10 0.1 3 0.2 359
Truck and Rail
Truck and water
Rail and water S S S S S S 186
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S 14 0.2 S S 256

Rhode Island

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 18 100.0 2 100.0 1 100.0 565
Single modes S S 2 86.4 1 87.0 694
Truck S S 2 86.4 1 87.0 694
For-hire truck S S 2 86.4 1 87.0 694
Private truck
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 9 49.2 13.6 13.0 562
Parcel, USPS or courier 9 49.2 13.6 13.0 562
Truck and Rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

South Carolina

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 375 100.0 207 100.0 86 100.0 428
Single modes 358 95.5 202 97.3 83 97.1 437
Truck 337 89.9 179 86.2 69 80.1 432
For-hire truck S S 148 71.5 58 67.7 444
Private truck 95 25.2 31 14.7 11 12.4 351
Rail S S S S S S 491
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 886
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 12 3.2 S S S S 423
Parcel, USPS or courier 12 3.2 S S S S 423
Truck and Rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 453

South Dakota

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 15 100.0 5 100.0 6 100.0 1,206
Single modes S S S S S S 1,215
Truck S S S S S S 1,215
For-hire truck S S S S S S 1,250
Private truck S S S S S S 1,132
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 1,206
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 1,206
Truck and Rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

Tennessee

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 1,944 100.0 701 100.0 279 100.0 426
Single modes 1,837 94.5 644 91.9 252 90.4 415
Truck 1,808 93.0 593 84.6 224 80.3 356
For-hire truck 1,161 59.7 421 60.0 181 64.9 404
Private truck S S 172 24.5 43 15.3 290
Rail S S 51 7.3 28 10.1 533
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 990
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 94 4.8 2 0.2 1 0.2 432
Parcel, USPS or courier 94 4.8 2 0.2 1 0.2 432
Truck and Rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 420

Texas

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 637 100.0 388 100.0 558 100.0 1,181
Single modes 481 75.5 383 98.8 553 99.0 1,222
Truck 232 36.4 90 23.1 105 18.7 1,207
For-hire truck 176 27.6 63 16.4 77 13.8 1,230
Private truck S S S S S S 1,103
Rail 248 39.0 294 75.7 448 80.3 1,522
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 1,317
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 143 22.4 4 0.9 4 0.8 1,171
Parcel, USPS or courier 143 22.4 4 0.9 4 0.8 1,171
Truck and Rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 1,160

Utah

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes S S S S S S 1,930
Single modes S S S S S S 2,067
Truck S S S S S S 1,891
For-hire truck S S S S S S 1,891
Private truck
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 2,267
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 1,926
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 1,926
Truck and Rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 1,892

Vermont

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 13 100.0 S S S S 517
Single modes 11 82.3 S S S S 577
Truck 11 82.2 S S S S 565
For-hire truck 10 72.8 S S S S 566
Private truck S S S S S S 564
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 1,021
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 510
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 510
Truck and Rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

Virginia

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 2,213 100.0 3,729 100.0 468 100.0 162
Single modes 1,954 88.3 3,696 99.1 462 98.9 134
Truck 1,946 87.9 3,352 89.9 414 88.6 134
For-hire truck 684 30.9 1,440 38.6 190 40.7 177
Private truck 1,262 57.0 1,912 51.3 224 47.9 125
Rail S S S S S S 140
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 126 5.7 3 1 0.2 215
Parcel, USPS or courier 126 5.7 3 1 0.2 215
Truck and Rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 167

Washington

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 63 100.0 S S S S 2,621
Single modes S S S S S S 2,530
Truck S S S S S S 2,528
For-hire truck S S S S S S 2,528
Private truck
Rail S S S S S S 2,627
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 2,622
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 2,622
Truck and Rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

West Virginia

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 9,446 100.0 92,394 100.0 8,002 100.0 40
Single modes 8,666 91.7 78,706 85.2 7,903 98.8 35
Truck 7,409 78.4 32,519 35.2 1,172 14.6 35
For-hire truck 3,240 34.3 20,004 21.7 814 10.2 56
Private truck 4,169 44.1 12,515 13.5 358 4.5 32
Rail 1,013 10.7 33,409 36.2 6,397 79.9 97
Water 32 0.3 1,857 2.0 S S 155
Shallow draft 32 0.3 1,857 2.0 S S 155
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline3 S S S S S S S
Multiple modes 318 3.4 S S S S 83
Parcel, USPS or courier 318 3.4 14 1 83
Truck and Rail
Truck and water S S S S S S 191
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes 462 4.9 S S S S 16

Wisconsin

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 197 100.0 S S S S 696
Single modes 155 78.7 S S S S 704
Truck 95 48.0 56 46.7 39 37.8 683
For-hire truck 79 40.1 S S 23 22.2 687
Private truck S S S S S S 668
Rail S S S S S S 1,007
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 902
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 42 21.3 1 1.2 1 0.9 696
Parcel, USPS or courier 42 21.3 1 1.2 1 0.9 696
Truck and Rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

Wyoming

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes S S S S S S 1,538
Single modes S S S S S S 1,693
Truck S S S S S S 1,613
For-hire truck S S S S S S 1,613
Private truck
Rail S S S S S S 1,751
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 1,524
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 1,524
Truck and Rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

KEY:
– Represents data cell equal to zero or less than 1 unit of measure.
S Estimate does not meet publication standards because of high sampling variability or poor response quality.

1 Estimates represent activity for a given mode across single and multiple mode shipments. For example, "Truck" ton-miles includes total ton-miles for shipments moving only by truck plus ton-miles for truck segments of multiple mode shipments.
2 Ton-miles estimates are based on estimated distances traveled along a modeled transportation network. See "Mileage Calculations" section for additional information.
3 Estimates for pipeline exclude shipments of crude petroleum.

NOTES: Value-of-shipments estimates have not been adjusted for price changes. Appendix B tables provide estimated measures of sampling variability. The Introduction and appendixes give information on confidentiality protection, sampling error, nonsampling error, sample design, and definitions. Links to this information on the Internet may be found at www.census.gov/cfs. Coverage for the 2002 Commodity Flow Survey (CFS) differs from the previous surveys due to a change from the 1987 Standard Industrial Classification System to the 1997 North American Industry Classification System and other survey improvements. Therefore, data users are urged to use caution when comparing 2002 CFS estimates with estimates from prior years.

SOURCE: Bureau of Transportation Statistics (USDOT) and U.S. Census Bureau, 2002 Commodity Flow Survey, Individual State Data, December 2004.