Table 20 - Shipment Characteristics by Commodity Group and Mode of Transportation for State of Origin: 2002 and 1997

Table 20 - Shipment Characteristics by Commodity Group and Mode of Transportation for State of Origin: 2002 and 1997

[Estimates are based on data from the Commodity Flow Survey. Because of rounding, estimates may not be additive]

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All Commodities2

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles per shipment
2002
(million $)
1997
(million $)
Percent Change 1997-2002 2002
(thousands)
1997
(thousands)
Percent Change 1997-2002 2002
(millions)
1997
(millions)
Percent change 1997-2002 2002 (average miles) 1997 (average miles) Percent change 1997-2002
All modes 38,479 35,170 9.4 275,583 229,306 20.2 78,437 70,611 11.1 297 174 70.2
Single modes 35,150 33,011 6.5 245,787 210,177 16.9 71,545 62,851 13.8 127 120 6.2
Truck 28,536 26,028 9.6 57,618 55,038 4.7 7,602 6,281 21 119 102 16
Rail 5,590 5,792 −3.5 151,686 129,729 16.9 57,866 48,633 19 584 837 −30.2
Water 580 923 −37.2 17,566 25,160 −30.2 S 7,932 S 594 481 23.6
Air (including truck and air) 71 208 −65.7 1 3 −73.1 1 4 −79 1,540 1,473 4.5
Pipeline S S S S S S S S S S S S
Multiple modes 2,479 1,396 77.6 10,714 7,807 37.2 4,501 6,048 −25.6 651 656 −0.7
Parcel, USPS or courier 1,465 900 62.8 55 28 91.8 25 18 42.4 650 647 0.5
Truck and Rail 711 283 150.8 1,780 221 706.3 1,217 590 106.3 1,046 2,522 −58.5
Other multiple modes 304 213 42.6 8,879 7,557 17.5 3,259 5,440 −40.1 455 706 −35.5
Other and unknown modes 851 763 11.5 19,082 11,322 68.5 S 1,712 S 56 S S

SCTG 01-05, Agriculture products and fish

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles per shipment
2002
(million $)
1997
(million $)
Percent Change 1997-2002 2002
(thousands)
1997
(thousands)
Percent Change 1997-2002 2002
(millions)
1997
(millions)
Percent change 1997-2002 2002 (average miles) 1997 (average miles) Percent change 1997-2002
All modes 584 958 −39 719 988 −27.2 144 159 −9.1 133 S S
Single modes 583 951 −38.6 719 981 −26.7 144 149 −3.2 137 S S
Truck 583 933 −37.5 719 972 −26.1 144 135 7.2 137 S S
Rail S S S S 14 1,257
Water
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline S S S S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 1,087
Parcel, USPS or courier
Truck and Rail S S S S S S 1,087
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S S S S 32 S S

SCTG 06-09, Grains, alcohol, and tobacco products

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles per shipment
2002
(million $)
1997
(million $)
Percent Change 1997-2002 2002
(thousands)
1997
(thousands)
Percent Change 1997-2002 2002
(millions)
1997
(millions)
Percent change 1997-2002 2002 (average miles) 1997 (average miles) Percent change 1997-2002
All modes 1,710 1,058 61.7 2,019 764 164.2 253 33 658 45 54 −17.2
Single modes 1,705 984 73.3 2,019 758 166.3 253 30 735.6 45 48 −6.9
Truck 1,705 984 73.3 2,019 758 166.3 253 30 735.6 45 48 −6.9
Rail
Water
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline S S S S S S
Multiple modes S 26 S S 2 S S 1 S S 697 S
Parcel, USPS or courier S 25 S S 2 S S 1 S S 711 S
Truck and Rail S S S S S S 23
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S S S S 7 117 −93.9

SCTG 10-14, Stones, non-metallic minerals, and metallic ores

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles per shipment
2002
(million $)
1997
(million $)
Percent Change 1997-2002 2002
(thousands)
1997
(thousands)
Percent Change 1997-2002 2002
(millions)
1997
(millions)
Percent change 1997-2002 2002 (average miles) 1997 (average miles) Percent change 1997-2002
All modes S 126 S 23,403 6,906 238.9 1,361 216 529.6 56 S S
Single modes S 126 S 23,365 6,906 238.3 1,356 216 527.1 55 S S
Truck S 122 S 12,560 6,780 85.2 537 189 183.7 56 S S
Rail 20 4 413.7 9,822 125 S 768 27 S 53 222 −76
Water S S S S S S 50
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline S S S S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 10
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 10
Truck and Rail
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S S S

SCTG 15-19, Coal and petroleum products

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles per shipment
2002
(million $)
1997
(million $)
Percent Change 1997-2002 2002
(thousands)
1997
(thousands)
Percent Change 1997-2002 2002
(millions)
1997
(millions)
Percent change 1997-2002 2002 (average miles) 1997 (average miles) Percent change 1997-2002
All modes 7,237 6,094 18.7 203,682 193,658 5.2 67,083 61,497 9.1 S 35 S
Single modes 6,441 5,589 15.2 174,339 175,077 −0.4 60,561 54,453 11.2 S 36 S
Truck 1,872 1,379 35.7 19,632 23,556 −16.7 1,345 908 48 S 28 S
Rail 4,182 3,559 17.5 138,860 126,634 9.7 54,742 46,060 18.9 482 414 16.4
Water 386 651 −40.6 15,846 24,887 −36.3 S 7,484 S 244 319 −23.5
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline S S S S S S
Multiple modes 341 212 60.5 10,487 7,555 38.8 4,178 5,437 −23.2 502 571 −12.2
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S S S S 354 S S
Truck and Rail S S S S S S 631
Other multiple modes 295 212 39.2 8,854 7,555 17.2 3,215 5,437 −40.9 440 703 −37.4
Other and unknown modes 455 293 55.5 18,857 11,026 71 S 1,607 S S S S

SCTG 20-24, Pharmaceutical and chemical products

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles per shipment
2002
(million $)
1997
(million $)
Percent Change 1997-2002 2002
(thousands)
1997
(thousands)
Percent Change 1997-2002 2002
(millions)
1997
(millions)
Percent change 1997-2002 2002 (average miles) 1997 (average miles) Percent change 1997-2002
All modes 10,839 10,020 8.2 S 7,564 S 3,532 4,648 −24 215 118 81.8
Single modes 10,489 9,639 8.8 S 7,344 S 3,424 4,163 −17.7 183 112 63.2
Truck 9,239 7,866 17.5 4,119 4,223 −2.5 943 1,522 −38 175 101 73.3
Rail 828 1,580 −47.6 1,651 2,675 −38.3 1,153 2,279 −49.4 712 827 −13.9
Water S S S S S S S S S 351 1,822 −80.7
Air (including truck and air) S 1 S 210.9 S S 1,353 1,637 −17.4
Pipeline S S S S S S S S S S S S
Multiple modes S 246 S S 161 S S 429 S 709 S S
Parcel, USPS or courier 83 28 195.9 5 2 179.5 2 1 332 687 213 222.6
Truck and Rail S 218 S S 159 S S 429 S 1,430 2,708 −47.2
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S 136 S S 59 S S S S S S S

SCTG 25-30, Logs, wood products, and textile and leather

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles per shipment
2002
(million $)
1997
(million $)
Percent Change 1997-2002 2002
(thousands)
1997
(thousands)
Percent Change 1997-2002 2002
(millions)
1997
(millions)
Percent change 1997-2002 2002 (average miles) 1997 (average miles) Percent change 1997-2002
All modes 3,711 2,328 59.4 6,607 5,581 18.4 2,192 1,186 84.8 173 343 −49.7
Single modes 3,537 2,246 57.5 6,542 5,372 21.8 2,117 1,018 108 133 328 −59.3
Truck 3,392 2,241 51.3 6,291 5,366 17.2 1,897 998 90.1 128 328 −60.9
Rail 140 S S 252 S S 220 S S 942 2,723 −65.4
Water
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S S S S 1,202 518 132.1
Pipeline S S S S S S
Multiple modes 92 60 52 32 50 −37.1 S 143 S 413 S S
Parcel, USPS or courier 79 40 99.6 4 2 178.2 1 1 99 407 513 −20.7
Truck and Rail 12 21 −40.1 27 49 −44.1 S 143 S 2,483 2,947 −15.8
Other multiple modes S S S S S S 260
Other and unknown modes 82 22 277.4 S 158 S S 25 S S S S

SCTG 31-34, Base metal and machinery

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles per shipment
2002
(million $)
1997
(million $)
Percent Change 1997-2002 2002
(thousands)
1997
(thousands)
Percent Change 1997-2002 2002
(millions)
1997
(millions)
Percent change 1997-2002 2002 (average miles) 1997 (average miles) Percent change 1997-2002
All modes 8,434 8,063 4.6 10,298 12,351 −16.6 3,263 2,318 40.8 280 173 61.9
Single modes 7,512 7,660 −1.9 10,169 12,295 −17.3 3,112 2,292 35.8 247 121 103.9
Truck 6,973 7,368 −5.4 9,036 12,171 −25.8 2,111 2,163 −2.4 238 110 116.7
Rail S S S S 50 S S 42 S 1,001 2,560 −60.9
Water S S S S S S S S S 1,060 1,224 −13.4
Air (including truck and air) 8 31 −72.9 S 1 S 1 −44.8 1,248 1,200 4
Pipeline S S S S S S
Multiple modes 717 313 129.1 84 19 345 141 18 700.1 413 478 −13.5
Parcel, USPS or courier 290 294 −1.2 8 11 −25.9 4 5 −25.4 407 477 −14.7
Truck and Rail S S S S 5 S S 10 S 1,773 2,174 −18.4
Other multiple modes S S S S S S S S S 1,752 1,254 39.7
Other and unknown modes 205 90 128.6 S 37 S S 8 S 70 S S

SCTG 35-38, Electronic, motorized vehicles, and precision instruments

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles per shipment
2002
(million $)
1997
(million $)
Percent Change 1997-2002 2002
(thousands)
1997
(thousands)
Percent Change 1997-2002 2002
(millions)
1997
(millions)
Percent change 1997-2002 2002 (average miles) 1997 (average miles) Percent change 1997-2002
All modes 2,891 4,780 −39.5 307 813 −62.2 161 449 −64.2 520 349 49.1
Single modes 2,265 4,266 −46.9 296 776 −61.9 153 435 −64.9 S 203 S
Truck 2,189 3,826 −42.8 264 563 −53.2 111 251 −55.8 97 126 −23.5
Rail 54 274 −80.4 S 211 S S 181 S 1,287 1,337 −3.7
Water
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S S 3 S 1,735 1,519 14.2
Pipeline S S S S S S S S S S
Multiple modes 606 393 54.2 10 14 −26.3 8 12 −36 677 886 −23.6
Parcel, USPS or courier 606 378 60.5 10 9 16.6 8 8 −6.6 677 886 −23.6
Truck and Rail S S S S S S 1,305
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes 20 121 −83.6 S S S S 2 S S S S

SCTG 39-43, Furniture, mixed freight and misc. manufactured products

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles per shipment
2002
(million $)
1997
(million $)
Percent Change 1997-2002 2002
(thousands)
1997
(thousands)
Percent Change 1997-2002 2002
(millions)
1997
(millions)
Percent change 1997-2002 2002 (average miles) 1997 (average miles) Percent change 1997-2002
All modes 2,658 1,646 61.4 S 643 S 273 94 191 470 124 277.9
Single modes 2,206 1,464 50.6 S 631 S 248 86 189.4 124 S S
Truck 2,205 1,231 79.1 S 612 S 248 76 226.7 121 S S
Rail S S S S S S 509
Water
Air (including truck and air) S 1 S S S S S S S 1,198 978 22.5
Pipeline S S S S S S
Multiple modes 400 134 199 S 5 S 10 S S 711 504 41
Parcel, USPS or courier 400 123 225.1 S 3 S 10 S S 711 503 41.2
Truck and Rail S S S S S S 2,856
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S 48 S S 7 S S 1 S S S S

Commodity Unknown

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles per shipment
2002
(million $)
1997
(million $)
Percent Change 1997-2002 2002
(thousands)
1997
(thousands)
Percent Change 1997-2002 2002
(millions)
1997
(millions)
Percent change 1997-2002 2002 (average miles) 1997 (average miles) Percent change 1997-2002
All modes 111 98 13.6 S S S S S S S 414 S
Single modes 109 86 27.3 S S S S S S S S S
Truck S 79 S S S S S S S S S S
Rail S S S S S S 428
Water
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 2,683
Pipeline S S S S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S S S 609 S
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S S S 609 S
Truck and Rail
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

KEY:
– Represents data cell equal to zero or less than 1 unit of measure.
S Estimate does not meet publication standards because of high sampling variability or poor response quality.

1 Ton-miles estimates are based on estimated distances traveled along a modeled transportation network. See "Mileage Calculations" section for additional information.
2 Estimates exclude shipments of crude petroleum (SCTG 16).

NOTES: Value-of-shipments estimates have not been adjusted for price changes. Appendix B tables provide estimated measures of sampling variability. The Introduction and appendixes give information on confidentiality protection, sampling error, nonsampling error, sample design, and definitions. Links to this information on the Internet may be found at www.census.gov/cfs. Coverage for the 2002 Commodity Flow Survey (CFS) differs from the previous surveys due to a change from the 1987 Standard Industrial Classification System to the 1997 North American Industry Classification System and other survey improvements. Therefore, data users are urged to use caution when comparing 2002 CFS estimates with estimates from prior years.

SOURCE: Bureau of Transportation Statistics (USDOT) and U.S. Census Bureau, 2002 Commodity Flow Survey, Individual State Data, December 2004.