Table B-6. Estimated Measures of Reliability for Shipment Characteristics by Two-Digit Commodity and Mode of Transportation for State of Origin: 2002

Table B-6. Estimated Measures of Reliability for Shipment Characteristics by Two-Digit Commodity and Mode of Transportation for State of Origin: 2002

[Estimates are based on data from the Commodity Flow Survey. Because of rounding, estimates may not be additive]

Excel | CSV

All Commodities

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes 8.0 10.4 16.9 12.4
Single modes 8.4 1.4 12.0 3.9 17.1 2.6 14.5
Truck 10.1 2.4 12.4 2.8 9.0 2.5 14.2
For-hire truck 12.8 2.6 16.8 2.5 10.8 1.7 18.4
Private truck 8.4 2.2 16.0 1.1 14.8 0.9 13.5
Rail 15.3 2.3 19.4 8.0 19.9 6.5 13.8
Water 38.9 0.6 43.2 2.2 S S 24.5
Shallow draft 38.9 0.6 43.2 2.2 S S 24.5
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) 42.8 32.8 27.5 21.9
Pipeline S S S S S S S
Multiple modes 19.7 1.1 37.8 1.4 32.3 1.7 8.2
Parcel, USPS or courier 17.9 0.6 25.3 15.4 8.2
Truck and rail 37.0 0.6 47.1 0.4 44.9 0.8 39.5
Truck and water S S S S S S 28.0
Rail and water 43.7 0.3 49.0 1.4 45.9 1.7 21.3
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes 33.6 1.0 41.2 4.1 S S 39.4

SCTG 1, Live animals and live fish

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes
Single modes
Truck
For-hire truck
Private truck
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes
Parcel, USPS or courier
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

SCTG 2, Cereal grains

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes S S S S S S 31.6
Single modes S S S S S S 31.6
Truck S S S S S S 31.6
For-hire truck
Private truck S S S S S S 31.6
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes
Parcel, USPS or courier
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

SCTG 3, Other agricultural products

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes S S S S S S 23.2
Single modes S S S S S S 23.2
Truck S S S S S S 23.2
For-hire truck S S S S S S 29.8
Private truck S S S S S S 26.0
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes
Parcel, USPS or courier
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

SCTG 4, Animal feed and products of animal origin, nec

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes 41.4 40.9 41.4 25.9
Single modes 41.4 40.9 41.4 25.9
Truck 41.4 40.9 41.4 25.9
For-hire truck
Private truck 41.4 40.9 41.4 25.9
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes
Parcel, USPS or courier
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

SCTG 5, Meat, fish, seafood, and their preparations

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes 21.0 26.6 26.5 S
Single modes 20.9 26.5 26.5 S
Truck 20.9 26.5 26.5 S
For-hire truck 30.1 13.4 37.7 13.3 34.3 15.2 29.2
Private truck S S S S S S 41.0
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes
Parcel, USPS or courier
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 31.6

SCTG 6, Milled grain products and preparations, and bakery products

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes S S S S S S 20.0
Single modes S S S S S S 20.0
Truck S S S S S S 20.0
For-hire truck
Private truck S S S S S S 20.0
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes
Parcel, USPS or courier
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

SCTG 7, Other prepared foodstuffs and fats and oils

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes 23.6 28.3 S S 17.8
Single modes 23.6 28.3 S S 17.9
Truck 23.6 28.3 S S 17.9
For-hire truck S S S S S S 26.8
Private truck 28.6 8.2 31.5 11.8 40.6 18.1 19.1
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 31.6
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 31.6
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

SCTG 8, Alcoholic beverages

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes 28.9 34.4 33.5 S
Single modes 28.9 34.4 33.5 S
Truck 28.9 34.4 33.5 S
For-hire truck 40.5 12.6 38.0 14.1 41.1 13.3 26.1
Private truck 34.8 12.6 36.6 14.1 48.0 13.3 33.3
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes
Parcel, USPS or courier
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 31.6

SCTG 9, Tobacco products

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes 40.8 43.3 41.9 36.8
Single modes 40.5 0.3 43.3 0.2 41.9 36.6
Truck 40.5 0.3 43.3 0.2 41.9 36.6
For-hire truck 43.1 9.0 48.6 9.6 43.1 13.0 25.9
Private truck 43.5 8.9 43.1 9.6 42.1 13.0 23.8
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 31.6
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 31.6
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

SCTG 10, Monumental or building stone

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes S S S S S S 31.6
Single modes S S S S S S 31.6
Truck S S S S S S 31.6
For-hire truck
Private truck S S S S S S 31.6
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes
Parcel, USPS or courier
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 31.6

SCTG 11, Natural sands

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes 45.3 S S 45.9 24.5
Single modes 45.6 0.7 S S 46.5 1.4 24.5
Truck 44.8 5.1 42.6 11.1 44.9 9.3 25.5
For-hire truck 45.6 12.8 46.5 9.7 45.7 10.6 24.2
Private truck S S S S S S 29.3
Rail 46.8 3.9 46.1 4.7 46.1 6.8 25.8
Water S S S S S S 31.6
Shallow draft S S S S S S 31.6
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes
Parcel, USPS or courier
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 31.6

SCTG 12, Gravel and crushed stone

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes 20.6 23.5 33.9 21.0
Single modes 20.6 23.6 33.9 21.0
Truck 23.3 6.3 26.9 12.3 45.5 16.1 21.6
For-hire truck 22.2 5.6 28.2 10.0 46.0 13.2 23.9
Private truck 31.1 3.0 37.4 3.5 46.1 3.6 23.5
Rail 38.9 6.3 41.9 12.9 50.0 17.1 31.3
Water S S S S S S 31.6
Shallow draft S S S S S S 31.6
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes
Parcel, USPS or courier
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S S

SCTG 13, Nonmetallic minerals nec

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes 32.1 S S 33.2 S
Single modes 32.1 10.5 S S 33.2 10.5 S
Truck 32.1 10.5 S S 33.2 10.5 S
For-hire truck 33.5 10.8 42.2 10.1 35.2 11.4 39.2
Private truck S S S S S S S
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 31.6
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 31.6
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

SCTG 14, Metallic ores and concentrates

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes S S S S S S 31.1
Single modes S S S S S S 31.1
Truck S S S S S S 31.1
For-hire truck S S S S S S 31.6
Private truck S S S S S S 30.9
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes
Parcel, USPS or courier
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

SCTG 15, Coal

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes 15.7 15.3 20.1 41.4
Single modes 18.4 5.8 17.7 5.4 20.6 3.1 S
Truck 34.1 2.2 34.2 2.5 35.9 0.6 10.7
For-hire truck 34.8 2.2 34.8 2.5 37.0 0.6 10.6
Private truck S S S S S S 37.4
Rail 20.0 7.9 19.5 7.8 20.6 4.7 6.0
Water 49.4 4.5 49.2 4.6 S S 22.6
Shallow draft 49.4 4.5 49.2 4.6 S S 22.6
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes 36.7 2.2 38.6 1.8 33.7 2.4 18.8
Parcel, USPS or courier
Truck and rail S S S S S S 27.9
Truck and water S S S S S S 29.8
Rail and water 44.8 2.4 49.2 1.9 46.5 2.5 21.3
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S 41.4 5.7 S S 34.2

SCTG 17, Gasoline and aviation turbine fuel

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes S S S S S S 26.4
Single modes S S S S S S 26.1
Truck S S S S S S 26.1
For-hire truck S S S S S S 30.0
Private truck 38.7 9.2 38.4 8.1 47.5 6.2 28.2
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes
Parcel, USPS or courier
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 31.6

SCTG 18, Fuel oils

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes S S S S S S 34.5
Single modes S S S S S S 33.6
Truck S S S S S S 33.6
For-hire truck S S S S S S 30.3
Private truck 37.6 11.5 36.9 12.1 38.2 12.6 36.6
Rail
Water S S S S S S 31.6
Shallow draft S S S S S S 31.6
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes
Parcel, USPS or courier
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S S

SCTG 19, Coal and petroleum products, nec

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes 26.2 41.0 S S S
Single modes 26.8 2.1 41.8 2.5 S S S
Truck 26.5 8.5 26.1 11.7 35.8 15.3 S
For-hire truck 34.9 13.5 44.2 14.0 44.0 15.5 S
Private truck 34.7 11.6 31.1 12.6 34.4 12.4 43.7
Rail S S S S S S 42.3
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 31.6
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 31.6
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 30.9

SCTG 20, Basic chemicals

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes 38.9 S S S S 48.8
Single modes 39.0 0.9 S S S S 46.4
Truck 38.5 6.1 S S 33.7 12.0 47.7
For-hire truck 37.4 9.3 24.1 14.2 21.6 12.4 15.0
Private truck S S S S S S S
Rail 28.1 3.1 31.5 13.9 29.4 10.1 22.2
Water S S S S S S 31.6
Shallow draft S S S S S S 31.6
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 27.9
Pipeline S S S S S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S S
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S S
Truck and rail S S S S S S 29.8
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 35.6

SCTG 21, Pharmaceutical products

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes S S S S S S 42.7
Single modes S S S S S S 18.5
Truck S S S S S S 18.5
For-hire truck S S S S S S 49.9
Private truck 49.2 18.9 S S S S 19.4
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 30.1
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 30.1
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S S

SCTG 22, Fertilizers

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes S S S S S S 31.6
Single modes S S S S S S 31.6
Truck S S S S S S 31.6
For-hire truck
Private truck S S S S S S 31.6
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes
Parcel, USPS or courier
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

SCTG 23, Chemical products and preparations, nec

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes 33.0 45.6 48.4 S
Single modes 33.1 0.5 45.9 0.6 48.5 0.2 S
Truck 28.4 7.1 37.0 7.1 39.7 12.5 S
For-hire truck 35.7 14.2 41.1 13.9 40.2 14.0 43.2
Private truck S S S S S S 22.9
Rail S S S S S S 30.6
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes S S S S 37.2 0.2 S
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S 37.2 0.2 S
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S S

SCTG 24, Plastics and rubber

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes 41.0 33.2 35.7 34.0
Single modes 40.5 3.4 32.0 1.6 34.4 3.6 45.5
Truck 44.5 10.7 35.6 12.4 33.9 15.9 32.1
For-hire truck 46.9 11.5 36.5 10.4 35.0 12.1 13.4
Private truck 41.7 11.1 38.5 12.4 44.8 10.6 43.0
Rail 40.7 10.9 41.1 11.9 44.1 14.9 22.5
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S 42.5 42.6 0.3 23.6
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 26.3
Parcel, USPS or courier 42.4 3.5 37.7 0.2 44.4 1.2 26.8
Truck and rail S S S S S S 33.1
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 45.8

SCTG 25, Logs and other wood in the rough

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes S S S S S S 41.6
Single modes S S S S S S 41.6
Truck S S S S S S 32.6
For-hire truck S S S S S S 32.6
Private truck
Rail S S S S S S 31.6
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes
Parcel, USPS or courier
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

SCTG 26, Wood products

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes 25.1 25.4 24.7 17.5
Single modes 25.0 0.4 25.5 0.5 24.1 1.4 15.5
Truck 26.2 2.1 26.7 1.7 26.7 4.6 16.2
For-hire truck 29.6 6.5 31.8 8.2 30.4 7.4 19.2
Private truck 30.1 5.1 S S 38.1 4.5 25.0
Rail 26.9 2.0 27.9 1.6 30.5 4.0 23.7
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes 45.1 0.3 42.3 0.2 S S 28.9
Parcel, USPS or courier 42.2 47.3 S S 28.9
Truck and rail 48.4 0.2 42.6 0.2 S S 24.6
Truck and water S S S S S S 31.6
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 30.0

SCTG 27, Pulp, newsprint, paper, and paperboard

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes 47.1 36.4 37.5 34.7
Single modes 49.2 8.8 36.5 3.1 37.5 4.7 43.6
Truck 36.1 9.1 36.0 2.7 37.7 4.1 44.0
For-hire truck 35.4 10.7 38.0 12.2 38.2 12.1 24.3
Private truck S S 47.1 11.8 S S S
Rail S S 42.3 2.3 41.2 3.6 26.0
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 30.6
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 30.6
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 31.6

SCTG 28, Paper or paperboard articles

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes 33.4 33.3 30.8 S
Single modes 33.5 0.7 33.4 0.5 31.2 1.8 S
Truck 33.5 0.7 33.4 0.5 31.2 1.8 S
For-hire truck 34.1 17.0 33.9 17.6 37.8 15.0 46.5
Private truck 41.6 17.0 45.0 17.4 S S 21.8
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 46.4
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 46.4
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 31.6

SCTG 29, Printed products

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes 36.4 32.1 39.6 S
Single modes 35.0 9.8 31.9 10.4 39.6 10.5 S
Truck 35.0 9.8 31.9 10.4 39.6 10.5 S
For-hire truck 34.1 13.0 31.8 12.4 39.3 10.7 15.0
Private truck S S 42.8 9.3 43.3 6.1 S
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 30.0
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes 43.8 10.0 46.3 10.5 S S 31.9
Parcel, USPS or courier 43.8 10.0 46.3 10.5 S S 31.9
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 30.0

SCTG 30, Textiles, leather, and articles of textiles or leather

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes 19.5 24.1 31.3 17.1
Single modes 24.3 9.7 26.9 6.2 31.4 10.4 19.4
Truck 25.8 9.9 27.0 6.2 31.6 10.4 17.8
For-hire truck 27.9 10.5 28.3 10.3 25.6 10.9 14.5
Private truck S S S S S S S
Rail S S S S S S 31.6
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 29.9
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes 23.6 9.2 20.8 3.1 20.7 9.5 21.3
Parcel, USPS or courier 23.6 9.2 20.8 3.1 20.7 9.5 21.3
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes 42.6 7.7 47.4 5.7 S S 27.2

SCTG 31, Nonmetallic mineral products

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes 10.9 23.3 16.7 19.9
Single modes 10.5 1.6 23.3 0.2 16.7 0.1 43.6
Truck 10.0 1.7 23.6 1.1 16.6 0.6 43.5
For-hire truck 13.2 7.3 28.9 12.8 27.9 11.0 25.2
Private truck 25.7 7.4 35.5 13.3 36.8 11.1 44.5
Rail S S S S S S 31.6
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 30.1
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes 43.1 1.3 S S 26.0 0.1 20.5
Parcel, USPS or courier 46.3 1.3 40.3 39.7 0.1 20.9
Truck and rail 45.2 0.1 S S S S S
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes 47.7 0.6 S S S S S

SCTG 32, Base metal in primary or semifinished forms and in finished basic shapes

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes 18.1 38.7 45.4 13.0
Single modes 18.6 1.3 39.0 0.7 46.2 1.1 14.5
Truck 12.8 4.7 29.4 6.7 22.8 12.1 15.5
For-hire truck 19.0 8.3 31.3 5.2 24.7 10.4 12.9
Private truck 38.4 9.3 33.0 3.6 46.9 4.0 27.2
Rail S S S S S S 26.2
Water S S S S S S 27.9
Shallow draft S S S S S S 27.9
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 44.3
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 24.6
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water S S S S S S 31.6
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 30.4

SCTG 33, Articles of base metal

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes 26.3 22.3 32.9 27.1
Single modes 27.1 2.2 22.9 2.7 32.9 5.5 25.8
Truck 26.9 2.2 22.9 2.7 32.9 5.5 25.9
For-hire truck 31.9 12.9 26.2 14.0 31.0 11.0 18.2
Private truck 37.0 11.3 42.2 13.0 S S 14.7
Rail S S S S S S 31.6
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 30.4
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes 21.6 1.6 S S 27.5 5.6 20.0
Parcel, USPS or courier 21.4 1.6 30.5 0.4 28.0 5.6 19.9
Truck and rail S S S S S S 31.6
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S S

SCTG 34, Machinery

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes 23.7 35.8 36.3 26.7
Single modes 26.8 8.2 40.6 9.5 S S 48.9
Truck 26.9 8.1 40.6 9.4 S S 46.5
For-hire truck 37.3 11.5 47.1 14.7 S S 23.6
Private truck 43.9 7.8 37.5 12.2 S S 36.0
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 29.1
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes 36.0 6.8 47.2 8.6 S S 20.5
Parcel, USPS or courier 34.9 4.4 37.1 2.5 S S 20.5
Truck and rail S S S S S S 29.2
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes 30.4 2.2 40.1 2.9 36.2 1.5 S

SCTG 35, Electronic and other electrical equipment and components and office equipment

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes 30.6 S S 37.2 42.5
Single modes 35.9 9.8 S S 42.5 12.3 S
Truck 36.0 9.8 S S 42.5 12.3 S
For-hire truck 42.3 10.2 41.6 11.1 41.7 11.8 S
Private truck 46.3 11.3 S S S S S
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 31.6
Pipeline S S S S S S S
Multiple modes S S 49.1 9.9 S S 25.2
Parcel, USPS or courier S S 49.1 9.9 S S 25.2
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S S

SCTG 36, Motorized and other vehicles (including parts)

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes 28.9 25.8 32.8 17.8
Single modes 27.0 7.8 26.7 4.6 35.5 9.8 S
Truck 28.4 7.2 25.2 4.1 32.2 7.4 S
For-hire truck 41.9 12.4 36.0 11.2 45.0 10.2 17.4
Private truck 26.0 10.4 30.2 10.3 44.1 7.4 S
Rail 44.3 2.7 S S S S 27.0
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes S S 25.2 4.7 31.7 9.8 11.6
Parcel, USPS or courier S S 25.2 4.7 31.7 9.8 11.6
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 34.8

SCTG 37, Transportation equipment, nec

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes S S S S S S 25.2
Single modes S S S S S S 26.6
Truck S S S S S S 25.4
For-hire truck S S S S S S 25.4
Private truck S S S S S S 31.6
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 31.4
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 23.7
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 23.7
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 31.6

SCTG 38, Precision instruments and apparatus

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes 38.4 S S S S S
Single modes 35.1 13.9 S S S S 26.3
Truck 40.9 14.9 S S S S S
For-hire truck 47.0 13.1 S S S S 29.9
Private truck S S S S S S 43.5
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 28.2
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S S
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S S
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 31.6

SCTG 39, Furniture, mattresses and mattress supports, lamps, lighting fittings

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes S S S S S S S
Single modes S S S S S S S
Truck S S S S S S S
For-hire truck S S S S S S 35.3
Private truck S S S S S S 31.6
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 30.1
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S S
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S S
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

SCTG 40, Miscellaneous manufactured products

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes 32.8 S S 46.2 27.3
Single modes 33.2 4.3 S S 46.7 5.0 40.9
Truck 33.2 4.3 S S 46.7 5.0 40.9
For-hire truck 44.9 13.2 47.0 13.9 45.9 12.2 22.2
Private truck 42.1 13.2 S S S S S
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes 44.5 4.1 S S S S 28.0
Parcel, USPS or courier 44.5 4.1 S S S S 28.0
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S S

SCTG 41, Waste and scrap

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes S S S S S S 30.1
Single modes S S S S S S 30.1
Truck S S S S S S 30.1
For-hire truck S S S S S S 31.5
Private truck S S S S S S 30.6
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes
Parcel, USPS or courier
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

SCTG 43, Mixed freight

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes 15.8 49.8 42.5 17.6
Single modes 14.7 5.4 S S S S 40.9
Truck 14.7 5.4 S S S S 42.1
For-hire truck S S 41.0 1.3 S S S
Private truck 16.5 6.0 S S S S 48.3
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 43.2
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes 33.3 4.8 S S 34.6 6.4 17.1
Parcel, USPS or courier 33.3 4.8 S S 34.6 6.4 17.1
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 42.8

Commodity unknown

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes 48.7 S S S S S
Single modes 49.2 1.2 S S S S S
Truck S S S S S S S
For-hire truck S S S S S S S
Private truck S S S S 47.1 17.0 S
Rail S S S S S S 29.8
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes S S 48.3 S S S
Parcel, USPS or courier S S 48.3 S S S
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

KEY:
– Represents data cell equal to zero or less than 1 unit of measure.
S Estimate does not meet publication standards because of high sampling variability or poor response quality.
CV Coefficient of variation of number

NOTE: The Introduction and appendixes give information onf confidentiality protection, sampling error, nonsampling error, sample design, and definitions. Links to this information on the Internet may be found at www.census.gov/cfs.

SOURCE: Bureau of Transportation Statistics (USDOT) and U.S. Census Bureau, 2002 Commodity Flow Survey, Individual State Data, December 2004.