Table B-15 - Estimated Measures of Reliability for Shipment Characteristics by Origin State and Mode of Transportation for State of Destination: 2002

Table B-15 - Estimated Measures of Reliability for Shipment Characteristics by Origin State and Mode of Transportation for State of Destination: 2002

[Estimates are based on data from the Commodity Flow Survey. Because of rounding, estimates may not be additive]

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Total

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes 3.8 13.8 13.5 19.1
Single modes 5.1 1.4 14.5 4.3 13.7 0.4 10.7
Truck 4.5 0.9 11.0 4.0 7.0 4.8 11.1
For-hire truck 7.0 2.0 16.2 3.1 6.7 4.0 8.6
Private truck 5.1 1.7 18.8 3.1 18.5 1.6 8.5
Rail 18.9 1.1 26.8 6.2 27.1 7.1 11.1
Water 21.4 0.2 21.2 2.5 32.8 4.3 46.8
Shallow draft 21.4 0.2 21.2 2.5 32.8 4.3 46.8
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) 44.3 0.3 S S S S 11.9
Pipeline S S S S S S S
Multiple modes 5.9 0.8 36.5 32.2 0.1 15.0
Parcel, USPS or courier 5.9 0.8 7.2 10.1 0.1 15.0
Truck and rail 46.7 S S S S 44.9
Truck and water S S S S S S 31.8
Rail and water S S S S S S 31.6
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes 31.5 0.8 49.4 4.3 31.9 0.4 19.0

Alabama

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes 34.0 36.5 33.7 3.0
Single modes 45.7 10.0 37.0 10.4 34.2 10.4 11.3
Truck 45.2 10.2 36.0 10.6 33.9 11.0 11.3
For-hire truck S S 42.9 13.4 39.7 13.4 15.6
Private truck S S S S S S 25.9
Rail S S S S S S 28.1
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes S S 36.3 10.5 43.5 10.5 5.7
Parcel, USPS or courier S S 36.3 10.5 43.5 10.5 5.7
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 28.1

Alaska

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes
Single modes
Truck
For-hire truck
Private truck
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes
Parcel, USPS or courier
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

Arizona

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes S S S S S S 14.9
Single modes S S S S S S 25.8
Truck S S S S S S 27.9
For-hire truck S S S S S S 27.9
Private truck
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 29.8
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 23.6
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 23.6
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 31.6

Arkansas

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes 29.7 31.7 35.4 3.5
Single modes 27.4 4.3 31.5 4.7 36.2 4.3 3.9
Truck 28.6 4.1 28.0 10.4 30.5 11.1 3.8
For-hire truck 32.6 7.6 30.0 9.9 32.8 10.4 4.7
Private truck S S S S S S 27.9
Rail S S S S S S 29.8
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 29.8
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes 47.5 4.1 40.3 0.9 39.6 1.0 6.2
Parcel, USPS or courier S S 49.4 0.9 49.1 1.1 11.3
Truck and rail S S S S S S 31.6
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 29.8

California

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes 35.2 43.6 43.6 1.7
Single modes 34.6 9.0 S S S S 2.7
Truck 35.9 9.0 S S S S 1.3
For-hire truck 36.4 8.9 S S S S 1.6
Private truck S S S S S S 29.8
Rail S S S S S S 31.6
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 26.1
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes 40.8 9.0 26.5 10.1 27.1 10.1 1.7
Parcel, USPS or courier 41.3 8.7 29.2 9.9 30.1 9.8 1.7
Truck and rail S S S S S S 25.8
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

Colorado

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes 31.6 S S S S 4.5
Single modes 28.6 11.5 S S S S 11.6
Truck 28.7 12.6 S S S S 15.0
For-hire truck 28.9 12.2 S S S S 15.0
Private truck S S S S S S 31.6
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 28.0
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes 44.3 11.5 46.8 19.3 46.3 19.2 3.1
Parcel, USPS or courier 44.3 11.5 46.8 19.3 46.3 19.2 3.1
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

Connecticut

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes S S 46.1 48.4 2.7
Single modes S S S S S S 15.9
Truck S S S S S S 18.6
For-hire truck S S S S S S 21.4
Private truck S S S S S S 24.0
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 28.1
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes 49.5 19.8 43.5 16.7 44.0 16.7 11.0
Parcel, USPS or courier 49.5 19.8 43.5 16.7 44.0 16.7 11.0
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

Delaware

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes 28.5 38.8 45.1 4.9
Single modes 35.7 12.6 38.8 14.9 45.2 14.9 15.9
Truck 33.5 11.9 35.1 13.9 35.9 14.3 16.0
For-hire truck 36.6 11.9 29.0 15.5 32.0 16.7 16.2
Private truck S S S S S S 31.6
Rail S S S S S S 31.6
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes S S 31.2 14.9 32.5 14.9 15.8
Parcel, USPS or courier S S 31.2 14.9 32.5 14.9 15.8
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

District of Columbia

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes S S 47.0 48.6 24.4
Single modes S S 47.4 10.5 49.8 10.5 25.3
Truck S S 47.4 10.5 49.8 10.5 25.3
For-hire truck S S S S S S 29.8
Private truck S S S S S S 27.9
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 29.9
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 29.9
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

Florida

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes 22.5 37.2 36.5 3.5
Single modes 32.4 9.8 39.4 8.9 38.8 9.5 4.0
Truck 39.4 10.5 S S S S 11.3
For-hire truck 39.4 8.7 41.0 10.2 41.1 10.0 11.7
Private truck S S S S S S 27.9
Rail S S 40.5 13.4 40.6 13.5 23.6
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 25.8
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes 34.3 9.9 42.4 8.9 42.2 9.6 3.4
Parcel, USPS or courier 34.3 9.9 42.4 8.9 42.2 9.6 3.4
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 31.6

Georgia

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes 26.5 38.7 38.4 2.7
Single modes 28.8 8.2 43.9 7.8 43.0 7.3 7.2
Truck 34.9 11.3 42.6 9.4 43.0 9.6 4.2
For-hire truck 33.5 10.8 37.0 11.1 36.6 11.4 5.0
Private truck S S S S S S 18.6
Rail S S S S S S 29.8
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 25.9
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes 33.9 4.4 S S S S 3.1
Parcel, USPS or courier 31.2 4.3 34.6 0.2 36.2 0.3 3.1
Truck and rail S S S S S S 31.6
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 29.8

Hawaii

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes S S S S S S 29.8
Single modes S S S S S S 31.6
Truck
For-hire truck
Private truck
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 31.6
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 29.8
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 31.6
Truck and rail
Truck and water S S S S S S 31.6
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

Idaho

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes S S S S S S 18.3
Single modes S S S S S S 25.8
Truck S S S S S S 29.8
For-hire truck S S S S S S 29.8
Private truck
Rail S S S S S S 27.9
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 31.6
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 25.8
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 25.8
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 31.6

Illinois

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes 37.9 S S S S 2.5
Single modes 41.8 8.8 S S S S 6.7
Truck 40.1 9.1 33.2 13.4 35.9 13.4 2.6
For-hire truck 40.1 9.1 33.2 13.5 35.9 13.5 2.8
Private truck S S S S S S 29.8
Rail S S S S S S 28.0
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 29.8
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes 35.3 8.6 27.9 9.3 27.8 9.3 3.1
Parcel, USPS or courier 38.1 8.6 31.3 9.2 30.9 9.1 3.1
Truck and rail S S S S S S 31.6
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 29.8

Indiana

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes 21.4 28.3 30.5 10.3
Single modes 25.4 4.4 28.4 0.5 30.6 0.4 2.3
Truck 25.4 4.3 23.0 11.5 24.7 12.2 2.3
For-hire truck 20.4 9.6 28.9 10.4 33.7 10.7 2.8
Private truck 38.8 11.0 41.3 11.9 42.9 12.2 12.6
Rail S S S S S S 30.0
Water 47.9 0.3 46.4 11.9 46.9 12.7 25.8
Shallow draft 47.9 0.3 46.4 11.9 46.9 12.7 25.8
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes 39.0 4.5 34.1 0.4 32.2 0.4 12.6
Parcel, USPS or courier 39.0 4.5 34.1 0.4 32.2 0.4 12.6
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 30.4

Iowa

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes 24.6 49.5 49.3 2.4
Single modes 30.8 7.2 S S S S 3.5
Truck 30.8 7.2 S S S S 3.5
For-hire truck 30.2 9.1 25.1 13.1 25.5 13.6 4.0
Private truck S S S S S S 26.0
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes 38.6 7.3 S S S S 11.2
Parcel, USPS or courier 29.1 6.9 S S S S 11.2
Truck and rail
Truck and water S S S S S S 31.6
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 31.6

Kansas

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes 35.4 46.6 45.3 3.4
Single modes 34.7 11.5 S S 48.5 13.7 11.2
Truck 41.3 14.0 S S 49.2 16.3 21.3
For-hire truck 41.4 14.0 S S S S 21.3
Private truck S S S S S S 31.6
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) 44.9 10.8 49.8 9.7 48.4 10.1 23.8
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes 44.0 11.1 S S S S 4.9
Parcel, USPS or courier 44.0 11.1 S S S S 4.9
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 28.0

Kentucky

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes 24.3 33.1 27.8 11.1
Single modes 26.8 6.0 33.1 0.1 27.8 12.6
Truck 29.9 7.9 28.5 16.7 26.0 17.3 12.6
For-hire truck 32.2 9.9 36.0 12.9 35.7 13.2 11.0
Private truck S S S S 47.4 12.8 14.8
Rail S S S S S S 25.1
Water S S S S S S 30.1
Shallow draft S S S S S S 30.1
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 29.8
Pipeline S S S S S S S
Multiple modes S S 41.3 0.1 37.1 9.5
Parcel, USPS or courier S S 41.3 0.1 37.1 9.5
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes 47.7 41.7 43.6 26.1

Louisiana

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes 21.0 36.0 39.3 2.6
Single modes 22.1 2.4 36.1 0.2 39.4 0.2 6.9
Truck 46.0 6.2 S S S S 10.6
For-hire truck 46.2 6.1 S S S S 10.6
Private truck S S S S S S 31.6
Rail 31.7 9.7 33.7 12.1 33.6 12.8 15.1
Water S S S S S S 25.8
Shallow draft S S S S S S 25.8
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes 47.5 2.4 39.6 0.2 39.4 0.2 10.9
Parcel, USPS or courier 47.5 2.4 39.6 0.2 39.4 0.2 10.9
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

Maine

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes 44.3 S S S S 15.1
Single modes S S S S S S 26.0
Truck S S S S S S 27.9
For-hire truck S S S S S S 27.9
Private truck
Rail S S S S S S 28.0
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 15.3
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 15.3
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

Maryland

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes 21.9 S S 49.0 21.5
Single modes 25.1 6.2 S S S S 31.4
Truck 25.6 6.0 S S S S 31.4
For-hire truck 43.6 6.9 S S S S S
Private truck 26.1 8.4 40.9 13.4 37.3 11.7 29.1
Rail S S S S S S 31.6
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes 44.0 6.3 29.0 0.5 28.2 1.6 14.1
Parcel, USPS or courier 44.0 6.3 29.0 0.5 28.2 1.6 14.1
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S S

Massachusetts

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes 32.5 41.2 42.9 3.2
Single modes 42.7 14.2 45.7 14.9 48.0 15.2 14.3
Truck 49.8 14.5 45.7 15.7 48.1 16.2 12.9
For-hire truck 42.7 11.5 S S S S 16.4
Private truck S S S S S S 27.9
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 29.9
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes 23.2 13.2 44.3 11.8 44.1 12.2 3.1
Parcel, USPS or courier 23.2 13.2 44.3 11.8 44.1 12.2 3.1
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 31.6

Michigan

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes 26.6 S S 48.5 9.2
Single modes 29.4 9.1 S S S S 11.6
Truck 32.8 10.7 S S S S 4.9
For-hire truck 30.6 10.3 S S S S 5.8
Private truck S S S S S S 21.3
Rail S S S S S S 28.1
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) 48.7 0.6 S S S S 26.0
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes 41.8 9.6 27.5 0.7 27.1 0.7 6.7
Parcel, USPS or courier 41.8 9.6 27.5 0.7 27.1 0.7 6.7
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 30.5

Minnesota

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes 41.4 S S S S 3.1
Single modes 46.4 10.5 S S S S 11.4
Truck 45.3 11.2 S S S S 11.1
For-hire truck 45.2 11.1 S S S S 11.2
Private truck S S S S S S 31.6
Rail S S S S S S 31.6
Water S S S S S S 31.6
Shallow draft S S S S S S 31.6
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 25.9
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes 36.1 10.3 44.0 10.8 45.4 10.8 10.7
Parcel, USPS or courier 36.1 10.3 44.0 10.8 45.4 10.8 10.7
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 31.6

Mississippi

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes 33.2 44.6 S S 11.8
Single modes 35.1 13.6 44.7 10.6 S S 15.4
Truck 46.9 13.4 41.0 18.3 S S 15.5
For-hire truck 49.1 12.6 43.5 16.5 39.6 18.1 16.1
Private truck S S S S S S 27.9
Rail S S S S S S 27.9
Water S S S S S S 29.8
Shallow draft S S S S S S 29.8
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 21.7
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 21.7
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

Missouri

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes 24.0 S S S S 3.4
Single modes 32.7 13.4 S S S S 7.4
Truck 32.7 13.3 S S S S 7.5
For-hire truck 34.3 13.0 S S S S 8.1
Private truck S S S S S S 24.2
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 31.6
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes 39.4 13.4 S S S S 2.2
Parcel, USPS or courier 39.4 13.4 S S S S 2.2
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

Montana

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes 35.9 S S S S 18.3
Single modes S S S S S S 29.8
Truck S S S S S S 31.6
For-hire truck S S S S S S 31.6
Private truck
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 31.6
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 18.3
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 18.3
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 31.6

Nebraska

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes 49.8 S S S S 12.0
Single modes S S S S S S 18.5
Truck S S S S S S 18.5
For-hire truck S S S S S S 18.5
Private truck S S S S S S 31.6
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes S S 33.0 18.0 31.8 18.0 12.0
Parcel, USPS or courier S S 33.0 18.0 31.8 18.0 12.0
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

Nevada

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes S S S S S S 15.0
Single modes S S S S S S 25.9
Truck S S S S S S 27.9
For-hire truck S S S S S S 27.9
Private truck
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 31.6
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 15.0
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 15.0
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

New Hampshire

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes 36.2 S S S S 1.7
Single modes 44.1 14.8 S S S S 11.1
Truck 44.1 14.7 S S S S 11.2
For-hire truck 44.1 14.5 S S S S 11.2
Private truck S S S S S S 31.6
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 31.6
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes 35.2 14.8 48.2 10.9 49.0 10.9 2.9
Parcel, USPS or courier 35.2 14.8 48.2 10.9 49.0 10.9 2.9
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

New Jersey

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes 17.1 29.3 35.5 9.5
Single modes 22.5 10.0 29.1 3.6 35.4 2.6 9.4
Truck 22.2 9.7 20.8 9.9 22.9 11.6 4.2
For-hire truck 25.4 9.5 24.3 10.2 27.7 11.3 7.4
Private truck 37.9 2.5 32.7 8.0 31.4 9.5 16.5
Rail S S S S S S 28.0
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 25.1
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes 34.3 10.1 46.8 3.6 47.7 2.6 9.6
Parcel, USPS or courier 34.3 10.1 46.8 3.6 47.7 2.6 9.6
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 31.6

New Mexico

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes S S S S S S 18.3
Single modes S S S S S S 27.9
Truck S S S S S S 27.9
For-hire truck S S S S S S 27.9
Private truck
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 23.6
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 23.6
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

New York

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes 27.2 S S S S 4.1
Single modes 29.0 3.5 S S S S 4.5
Truck 28.9 3.5 S S S S 4.6
For-hire truck 29.4 3.4 S S S S 4.6
Private truck 36.7 1.0 37.5 3.6 37.5 3.2 21.3
Rail S S S S S S 31.6
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 31.6
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes 20.2 3.5 26.1 0.4 24.8 0.5 4.6
Parcel, USPS or courier 20.2 3.5 26.1 0.4 24.8 0.5 4.6
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 28.0

North Carolina

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes 10.8 16.9 19.0 10.2
Single modes 11.7 1.9 16.9 0.2 19.2 0.4 13.6
Truck 11.7 1.9 21.1 9.0 15.5 10.9 6.3
For-hire truck 9.8 7.0 12.2 8.3 12.1 8.3 5.5
Private truck 36.8 7.8 45.6 8.9 36.6 8.0 10.7
Rail S S S S S S 29.2
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 27.9
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes 26.7 0.9 25.5 26.2 5.7
Parcel, USPS or courier 26.7 0.9 25.5 26.2 5.7
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 27.9

North Dakota

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes 33.8 33.0 32.4 1.8
Single modes S S S S S S 18.3
Truck S S S S S S 18.3
For-hire truck S S S S S S 21.2
Private truck S S S S S S 31.6
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 15.2
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 15.2
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

Ohio

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes 15.2 26.7 17.8 9.9
Single modes 15.0 2.5 26.9 0.9 18.0 0.8 13.1
Truck 15.2 2.6 17.7 10.4 16.0 7.6 14.3
For-hire truck 22.8 7.1 22.4 7.4 20.9 5.1 6.8
Private truck 32.2 8.1 22.1 5.7 27.4 5.6 33.7
Rail 35.8 0.8 26.0 3.0 27.1 5.2 17.5
Water S S S S S S 27.9
Shallow draft S S S S S S 27.9
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 24.5
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes 31.6 2.5 38.5 0.6 45.6 0.8 6.0
Parcel, USPS or courier 31.6 2.5 38.5 0.6 45.6 0.8 6.0
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 27.6

Oklahoma

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes 46.3 S S 47.8 11.2
Single modes S S S S 48.5 14.8 18.6
Truck S S S S S S 18.5
For-hire truck S S S S S S 18.5
Private truck S S S S S S 31.6
Rail S S S S S S 29.8
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes 48.6 13.4 S S S S 18.6
Parcel, USPS or courier 48.6 13.4 S S S S 18.6
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

Oregon

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes 37.4 49.7 49.7 1.0
Single modes 36.8 11.7 S S S S 10.6
Truck 36.8 11.7 S S S S 10.6
For-hire truck 36.8 11.7 S S S S 10.6
Private truck
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 29.8
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes 44.3 11.7 S S S S 10.6
Parcel, USPS or courier 44.3 11.7 S S S S 10.6
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

Pennsylvania

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes 11.2 25.0 20.5 8.4
Single modes 14.0 3.4 25.1 0.1 20.6 0.2 12.7
Truck 15.1 3.5 9.9 10.9 20.3 10.3 11.0
For-hire truck 25.7 7.0 16.5 7.9 33.3 8.8 11.3
Private truck 14.4 5.4 22.5 5.0 29.6 6.5 7.4
Rail 34.4 1.5 32.7 4.5 48.5 4.6 30.4
Water 45.9 1.1 46.3 12.6 47.5 11.5 20.3
Shallow draft 45.9 1.1 46.3 12.6 47.5 11.5 20.3
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 29.8
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes 23.5 3.4 28.0 24.5 0.1 9.8
Parcel, USPS or courier 23.5 3.4 19.3 18.7 0.1 9.8
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water S S S S S S 31.6
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S 41.2 S S 25.4

Rhode Island

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes 34.3 39.9 39.2 6.5
Single modes S S 47.2 18.4 45.7 18.5 21.3
Truck S S 47.2 18.4 45.7 18.5 21.3
For-hire truck S S 47.2 18.4 45.7 18.5 21.3
Private truck
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes 33.0 12.9 46.4 18.4 44.4 18.5 6.5
Parcel, USPS or courier 33.0 12.9 46.4 18.4 44.4 18.5 6.5
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

South Carolina

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes 35.0 23.5 24.5 5.3
Single modes 36.1 3.6 24.2 2.2 25.2 2.2 3.9
Truck 36.5 3.7 18.6 4.6 15.0 6.5 4.0
For-hire truck S S 17.2 7.2 15.2 8.0 3.6
Private truck 47.7 10.4 41.8 6.9 39.9 7.2 18.9
Rail S S S S S S 28.1
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 27.9
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes 38.0 2.5 S S S S 6.2
Parcel, USPS or courier 38.0 2.5 S S S S 6.2
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 31.6

South Dakota

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes 32.4 46.7 45.1 3.2
Single modes S S S S S S 18.5
Truck S S S S S S 18.5
For-hire truck S S S S S S 23.8
Private truck S S S S S S 29.8
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 18.5
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 18.5
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

Tennessee

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes 31.5 15.8 13.1 5.1
Single modes 33.7 2.4 15.6 3.2 10.8 3.5 7.3
Truck 33.9 2.5 18.2 5.2 12.6 5.9 8.3
For-hire truck 24.7 5.1 16.8 4.6 12.9 4.5 6.5
Private truck S S 33.9 5.9 27.1 4.3 11.6
Rail S S 49.1 4.6 48.9 4.9 25.8
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 25.8
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes 39.9 2.4 25.8 0.2 25.4 0.2 4.4
Parcel, USPS or courier 39.9 2.4 25.8 0.2 25.4 0.2 4.4
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 22.5

Texas

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes 25.1 28.5 28.2 1.6
Single modes 32.6 8.6 28.9 1.5 28.5 1.3 1.8
Truck 38.8 7.7 41.6 12.1 38.8 12.6 1.6
For-hire truck 27.5 7.9 26.3 13.0 25.6 13.4 2.0
Private truck S S S S S S 25.9
Rail 32.4 9.3 29.6 13.2 30.0 13.7 15.0
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 27.9
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes 38.7 8.1 27.8 1.5 28.2 1.3 1.9
Parcel, USPS or courier 38.7 8.1 27.8 1.5 28.2 1.3 1.9
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 29.8

Utah

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes S S S S S S 1.1
Single modes S S S S S S 18.4
Truck S S S S S S 21.1
For-hire truck S S S S S S 21.1
Private truck
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 27.9
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 14.9
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 14.9
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 31.6

Vermont

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes 49.1 S S S S 12.5
Single modes 47.9 16.7 S S S S 17.3
Truck 48.0 16.9 S S S S 18.7
For-hire truck 44.7 15.6 S S S S 18.8
Private truck S S S S S S 29.8
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 29.8
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 16.6
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 16.6
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

Virginia

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes 12.2 22.5 18.0 3.6
Single modes 13.5 4.0 22.8 1.1 18.4 1.1 6.5
Truck 13.5 3.9 23.0 5.2 14.0 4.9 6.5
For-hire truck 14.4 7.2 18.3 5.3 18.1 6.2 4.0
Private truck 20.3 7.2 31.5 6.0 24.8 7.1 6.5
Rail S S S S S S 31.6
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes 34.7 2.2 30.4 29.9 6.7
Parcel, USPS or courier 34.7 2.2 30.4 29.9 6.7
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 22.0

Washington

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes 44.5 S S S S 10.6
Single modes S S S S S S 23.6
Truck S S S S S S 23.6
For-hire truck S S S S S S 23.6
Private truck
Rail S S S S S S 31.6
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 18.3
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 18.3
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

West Virginia

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes 11.9 16.9 28.8 6.3
Single modes 13.3 2.3 18.4 5.8 29.1 1.3 4.3
Truck 13.3 2.7 12.8 5.3 16.6 7.0 4.4
For-hire truck 24.7 6.0 20.6 4.5 20.1 5.4 17.7
Private truck 11.3 5.1 20.9 3.7 26.0 2.2 6.9
Rail 30.5 3.2 30.2 8.2 38.1 11.8 39.1
Water 42.9 0.2 40.0 1.7 S S 29.6
Shallow draft 42.9 0.2 40.0 1.7 S S 29.6
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline S S S S S S S
Multiple modes 15.8 0.6 S S S S 9.6
Parcel, USPS or courier 15.7 0.6 25.5 39.2 9.6
Truck and rail
Truck and water S S S S S S 31.6
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes 41.9 2.2 S S S S 39.2

Wisconsin

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes 29.7 S S S S 3.4
Single modes 37.3 11.9 S S S S 4.3
Truck 24.9 9.5 39.7 14.4 38.5 16.7 2.9
For-hire truck 32.8 9.9 S S 47.3 16.2 3.2
Private truck S S S S S S 25.9
Rail S S S S S S 31.6
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 25.9
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes 42.1 11.9 36.0 8.3 34.9 8.0 3.9
Parcel, USPS or courier 42.1 11.9 36.0 8.3 34.9 8.0 3.9
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

Wyoming

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes S S S S S S 18.6
Single modes S S S S S S 23.6
Truck S S S S S S 27.9
For-hire truck S S S S S S 27.9
Private truck
Rail S S S S S S 29.8
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 23.8
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 23.8
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

KEY:
– Represents data cell equal to zero or less than 1 unit of measure.
S Estimate does not meet publication standards because of high sampling variability or poor response quality.
CV Coefficient of variation of number

NOTE: The Introduction and appendixes give information onf confidentiality protection, sampling error, nonsampling error, sample design, and definitions. Links to this information on the Internet may be found at www.census.gov/cfs.

SOURCE: Bureau of Transportation Statistics (USDOT) and U.S. Census Bureau, 2002 Commodity Flow Survey, Individual State Data, December 2004.