Table 3. Shipment Characteristics by Mode of Transportation and Distance Shipped for State of Origin: 2002

Table 3. Shipment Characteristics by Mode of Transportation and Distance Shipped for State of Origin: 2002

[Estimates are based on data from the Commodity Flow Survey. Because of rounding, estimates may not be additive]

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All modes

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1
2002
(million $)
Percent 2002
(thousands)
Percent 2002
(millions)
Percent
All distances 217,451 100.0 229,502 100.0 70,753 100.0
Less than 50 miles 48,005 22.1 103,764 45.2 1,721 2.4
50 to 99 miles 26,682 12.3 31,413 13.7 3,113 4.4
100 to 249 miles 36,747 16.9 29,012 12.6 6,335 9.0
250 to 499 miles 35,227 16.2 28,799 12.5 14,037 19.8
500 to 749 miles 23,749 10.9 11,006 4.8 9,183 13.0
750 to 999 miles 25,093 11.5 18,164 7.9 23,066 32.6
1,000 to 1,499 miles 10,019 4.6 3,853 1.7 5,707 8.1
1,500 to 1,999 miles 11,556 5.3 3,461 1.5 7,437 10.5
2,000 miles or more S S S S S S

Single modes

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1
2002
(million $)
Percent 2002
(thousands)
Percent 2002
(millions)
Percent
All distances 179,774 100.0 218,134 100.0 66,184 100.0
Less than 50 miles 44,306 24.6 99,444 45.6 1,608 2.4
50 to 99 miles 24,746 13.8 28,920 13.3 2,898 4.4
100 to 249 miles 33,385 18.6 27,722 12.7 6,089 9.2
250 to 499 miles 28,909 16.1 28,252 13.0 13,788 20.8
500 to 749 miles 18,201 10.1 10,150 4.7 8,459 12.8
750 to 999 miles 16,111 9.0 17,364 8.0 22,214 33.6
1,000 to 1,499 miles 6,951 3.9 3,418 1.6 5,056 7.6
1,500 to 1,999 miles 7,159 4.0 2,863 1.3 6,071 9.2
2,000 miles or more 5 1

Truck2

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1
2002
(million $)
Percent 2002
(thousands)
Percent 2002
(millions)
Percent
All distances 172,120 100.0 169,843 100.0 34,949 100.0
Less than 50 miles 43,488 25.3 91,019 53.6 1,504 4.3
50 to 99 miles 24,024 14.0 19,485 11.5 1,699 4.9
100 to 249 miles 33,014 19.2 24,066 14.2 5,029 14.4
250 to 499 miles 27,115 15.8 17,895 10.5 7,679 22.0
500 to 749 miles 17,293 10.0 7,614 4.5 6,050 17.3
750 to 999 miles 14,069 8.2 5,616 3.3 5,866 16.8
1,000 to 1,499 miles 6,662 3.9 2,335 1.4 3,389 9.7
1,500 to 1,999 miles 6,454 3.7 1,812 1.1 3,733 10.7
2,000 miles or more S S S S S S

For-hire truck

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1
2002
(million $)
Percent 2002
(thousands)
Percent 2002
(millions)
Percent
All distances 102,267 100.0 89,144 100.0 26,143 100.0
Less than 50 miles 11,943 11.7 39,990 44.9 708 2.7
50 to 99 miles 11,954 11.7 9,316 10.5 794 3.0
100 to 249 miles 19,156 18.7 12,566 14.1 2,670 10.2
250 to 499 miles 21,365 20.9 12,427 13.9 5,507 21.1
500 to 749 miles 14,260 13.9 6,271 7.0 5,003 19.1
750 to 999 miles 11,844 11.6 4,876 5.5 5,088 19.5
1,000 to 1,499 miles 5,756 5.6 2,063 2.3 3,009 11.5
1,500 to 1,999 miles 5,988 5.9 1,635 1.8 3,364 12.9
2,000 miles or more S S S S S S

Private truck

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1
2002
(million $)
Percent 2002
(thousands)
Percent 2002
(millions)
Percent
All distances 69,085 100.0 80,346 100.0 8,671 100.0
Less than 50 miles 31,490 45.6 50,934 63.4 793 9.1
50 to 99 miles 12,063 17.5 10,135 12.6 902 10.4
100 to 249 miles 13,463 19.5 11,404 14.2 2,340 27.0
250 to 499 miles 5,687 8.2 5,439 6.8 2,159 24.9
500 to 749 miles 2,983 4.3 1,324 1.6 1,031 11.9
750 to 999 miles 2,030 2.9 665 0.8 702 8.1
1,000 to 1,499 miles 902 1.3 267 0.3 374 4.3
1,500 to 1,999 miles 466 0.7 178 0.2 369 4.3
2,000 miles or more

Rail

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1
2002
(million $)
Percent 2002
(thousands)
Percent 2002
(millions)
Percent
All distances 4,190 100.0 37,956 100.0 22,347 100.0
Less than 50 miles 151 3.6 S S 68 0.3
50 to 99 miles S S S S S S
100 to 249 miles 235 5.6 3,651 9.6 1,056 4.7
250 to 499 miles 995 23.8 10,333 27.2 6,087 27.2
500 to 749 miles 473 11.3 2,085 5.5 1,958 8.8
750 to 999 miles 1,028 24.5 6,216 16.4 7,996 35.8
1,000 to 1,499 miles 166 4.0 1,080 2.8 1,661 7.4
1,500 to 1,999 miles 448 10.7 1,044 2.8 2,321 10.4
2,000 miles or more

Water

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1
2002
(million $)
Percent 2002
(thousands)
Percent 2002
(millions)
Percent
All distances S S S S S S
Less than 50 miles S S S S S S
50 to 99 miles
100 to 249 miles
250 to 499 miles
500 to 749 miles S S S S S S
750 to 999 miles S S S S S S
1,000 to 1,499 miles
1,500 to 1,999 miles
2,000 miles or more

Shallow draft

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1
2002
(million $)
Percent 2002
(thousands)
Percent 2002
(millions)
Percent
All distances S S S S S S
Less than 50 miles S S S S S S
50 to 99 miles
100 to 249 miles
250 to 499 miles
500 to 749 miles
750 to 999 miles S S S S S S
1,000 to 1,499 miles
1,500 to 1,999 miles
2,000 miles or more

Great Lakes

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1
2002
(million $)
Percent 2002
(thousands)
Percent 2002
(millions)
Percent
All distances S S S S S S
Less than 50 miles S S S S S S
50 to 99 miles
100 to 249 miles
250 to 499 miles
500 to 749 miles
750 to 999 miles
1,000 to 1,499 miles
1,500 to 1,999 miles
2,000 miles or more

Deep draft

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1
2002
(million $)
Percent 2002
(thousands)
Percent 2002
(millions)
Percent
All distances S S S S S S
Less than 50 miles S S S S S S
50 to 99 miles
100 to 249 miles
250 to 499 miles
500 to 749 miles S S S S S S
750 to 999 miles S S S S S S
1,000 to 1,499 miles
1,500 to 1,999 miles
2,000 miles or more

Air (including truck and air)

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1
2002
(million $)
Percent 2002
(thousands)
Percent 2002
(millions)
Percent
All distances 1,993 100.0 55 100.0 65 100.0
Less than 50 miles S S S S S S
50 to 99 miles S S 1 0.9 0.5
100 to 249 miles 136 6.8 5 8.4 3 4.3
250 to 499 miles 799 40.1 S S S S
500 to 749 miles 328 16.4 8 14.6 8 11.7
750 to 999 miles 317 15.9 7 12.6 8 12.1
1,000 to 1,499 miles 123 6.2 4 7.2 6 9.9
1,500 to 1,999 miles 257 12.9 7 12.5 17 26.7
2,000 miles or more 5 0.2 S S S S

Pipeline3

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1
2002
(million $)
Percent 2002
(thousands)
Percent 2002
(millions)
Percent
All distances S S S S S S
Less than 50 miles S S
50 to 99 miles S S
100 to 249 miles S S S S S S
250 to 499 miles S S
500 to 749 miles S S
750 to 999 miles S S
1,000 to 1,499 miles S S
1,500 to 1,999 miles S S
2,000 miles or more S S

Multiple modes

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1
2002
(million $)
Percent 2002
(thousands)
Percent 2002
(millions)
Percent
All distances 29,984 100.0 2,435 100.0 2,928 100.0
Less than 50 miles 1,668 5.6 88 3.6 S S
50 to 99 miles 1,528 5.1 66 2.7 7 0.2
100 to 249 miles 2,568 8.6 95 3.9 22 0.7
250 to 499 miles 5,146 17.2 247 10.1 114 3.9
500 to 749 miles 4,887 16.3 664 27.3 561 19.1
750 to 999 miles 7,185 24.0 575 23.6 621 21.2
1,000 to 1,499 miles 2,687 9.0 137 5.6 214 7.3
1,500 to 1,999 miles 3,946 13.2 532 21.9 1,232 42.1
2,000 miles or more S S S S S S

Parcel, USPS or courier

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1
2002
(million $)
Percent 2002
(thousands)
Percent 2002
(millions)
Percent
All distances 22,439 100.0 749 100.0 607 100.0
Less than 50 miles 1,645 7.3 47 6.2 1 0.2
50 to 99 miles 1,491 6.6 55 7.3 6 0.9
100 to 249 miles 2,501 11.1 90 12.0 21 3.4
250 to 499 miles 3,606 16.1 131 17.5 59 9.7
500 to 749 miles 3,338 14.9 112 14.9 91 14.9
750 to 999 miles 5,536 24.7 179 23.9 185 30.6
1,000 to 1,499 miles 1,971 8.8 66 8.9 97 16.1
1,500 to 1,999 miles 2,322 10.3 68 9.1 139 22.9
2,000 miles or more 30 0.1 2 0.3 8 1.3

Truck and rail

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1
2002
(million $)
Percent 2002
(thousands)
Percent 2002
(millions)
Percent
All distances S S 1,673 100.0 2,279 100.0
Less than 50 miles S S S S S S
50 to 99 miles S S S S S S
100 to 249 miles S S S S S S
250 to 499 miles S S S S S S
500 to 749 miles S S 550 32.9 467 20.5
750 to 999 miles S S 395 23.6 434 19.1
1,000 to 1,499 miles S S S S S S
1,500 to 1,999 miles S S 464 27.7 1,093 48.0
2,000 miles or more S S S S S S

Truck and water

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1
2002
(million $)
Percent 2002
(thousands)
Percent 2002
(millions)
Percent
All distances 28 100.0 S S S S
Less than 50 miles S S S S S S
50 to 99 miles
100 to 249 miles
250 to 499 miles
500 to 749 miles S S S S S S
750 to 999 miles
1,000 to 1,499 miles
1,500 to 1,999 miles
2,000 miles or more S S S S S S

Rail and water

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1
2002
(million $)
Percent 2002
(thousands)
Percent 2002
(millions)
Percent
All distances S S S S S S
Less than 50 miles
50 to 99 miles
100 to 249 miles
250 to 499 miles
500 to 749 miles
750 to 999 miles
1,000 to 1,499 miles
1,500 to 1,999 miles
2,000 miles or more S S S S S S

Other Multiple modes

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1
2002
(million $)
Percent 2002
(thousands)
Percent 2002
(millions)
Percent
All distances S S S S S S
Less than 50 miles S S S S S S
50 to 99 miles
100 to 249 miles
250 to 499 miles
500 to 749 miles S S S S S S
750 to 999 miles S S S S S S
1,000 to 1,499 miles
1,500 to 1,999 miles
2,000 miles or more

Other and unknown modes

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1
2002
(million $)
Percent 2002
(thousands)
Percent 2002
(millions)
Percent
All distances 7,693 100.0 8,933 100.0 1,641 100.0
Less than 50 miles 2,031 26.4 S S S S
50 to 99 miles 408 5.3 2,426 27.2 209 12.7
100 to 249 miles 793 10.3 1,196 13.4 S S
250 to 499 miles S S 300 3.4 135 8.2
500 to 749 miles 660 8.6 S S S S
750 to 999 miles S S 225 2.5 230 14.0
1,000 to 1,499 miles 381 4.9 S S S S
1,500 to 1,999 miles 451 5.9 65 0.7 134 8.1
2,000 miles or more S S S S S S

KEY:
– Represents data cell equal to zero or less than 1 unit of measure.
S Estimate does not meet publication standards because of high sampling variability or poor response quality.

1 Ton-miles estimates are based on estimated distances traveled along a modeled transportation network. See "Mileage Calculations" section for additional information.
2 "Truck" as a single mode includes shipments that were made by only private truck, only for-hire truck, or a combination of private truck and for-hire truck.
3 Estimates for pipeline exclude shipments of crude petroleum.

NOTES: Value-of-shipments estimates have not been adjusted for price changes. Appendix B tables provide estimated measures of sampling variability. The Introduction and appendixes give information on confidentiality protection, sampling error, nonsampling error, sample design, and definitions. Links to this information on the Internet may be found at www.census.gov/cfs.
Coverage for the 2002 Commodity Flow Survey (CFS) differs from the previous surveys due to a change from the 1987 Standard Industrial Classification System to the 1997 North American Industry Classification System and other survey improvements. Therefore, data users are urged to use caution when comparing 2002 CFS estimates with estimates from prior years.

SOURCE: Bureau of Transportation Statistics (USDOT) and U.S. Census Bureau, 2002 Commodity Flow Survey, Individual State Data, December 2004.