Table 4. Shipment Characteristics by Mode of Transportation and Shipment Size for State of Origin: 2002

Table 4. Shipment Characteristics by Mode of Transportation and Shipment Size for State of Origin: 2002

[Estimates are based on data from the Commodity Flow Survey. Because of rounding, estimates may not be additive]

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All modes

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All shipment sizes 217,451 100.0 229,502 100.0 70,753 100.0 642
Less than 50 lbs 22,028 10.1 631 0.3 377 0.5 741
50 to 99 lbs 5,406 2.5 327 0.1 110 0.2 321
100 to 499 lbs 17,353 8.0 1,807 0.8 610 0.9 336
500 to 749 lbs 5,523 2.5 904 0.4 288 0.4 317
750 to 999 lbs 3,491 1.6 781 0.3 230 0.3 292
1,000 to 9,999 lbs 53,841 24.8 16,427 7.2 5,367 7.6 305
10,000 to 49,999 lbs 97,465 44.8 121,719 53.0 27,902 39.4 228
50,000 to 99,999 lbs 5,589 2.6 23,488 10.2 3,461 4.9 147
100,000 lbs or more 6,756 3.1 63,417 27.6 32,409 45.8 553

Single modes

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All shipment sizes 179,774 100.0 218,134 100.0 66,184 100.0 203
Less than 50 lbs 5,641 3.1 214 0.1 31 141
50 to 99 lbs 2,790 1.6 208 0.1 34 160
100 to 499 lbs 13,052 7.3 1,516 0.7 431 0.7 266
500 to 749 lbs 4,885 2.7 860 0.4 263 0.4 303
750 to 999 lbs 3,341 1.9 756 0.3 221 0.3 289
1,000 to 9,999 lbs 45,241 25.2 15,381 7.1 4,402 6.7 277
10,000 to 49,999 lbs 93,001 51.7 117,012 53.6 25,905 39.1 223
50,000 to 99,999 lbs 5,208 2.9 22,653 10.4 3,189 4.8 140
100,000 lbs or more 6,614 3.7 59,534 27.3 31,707 47.9 562

Truck2

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All shipment sizes 172,120 100.0 169,843 100.0 34,949 100.0 183
Less than 50 lbs 4,981 2.9 209 0.1 25 106
50 to 99 lbs 2,682 1.6 206 0.1 32 149
100 to 499 lbs 12,635 7.3 1,500 0.9 412 1.2 255
500 to 749 lbs 4,687 2.7 854 0.5 255 0.7 296
750 to 999 lbs 3,286 1.9 755 0.4 218 0.6 286
1,000 to 9,999 lbs 44,819 26.0 15,340 9.0 4,348 12.4 274
10,000 to 49,999 lbs 92,017 53.5 116,784 68.8 25,631 73.3 221
50,000 to 99,999 lbs 4,962 2.9 22,334 13.1 3,012 8.6 135
100,000 lbs or more 2,051 1.2 S S 1,015 2.9 S

For-hire truck

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All shipment sizes 102,267 100.0 89,144 100.0 26,143 100.0 476
Less than 50 lbs 949 0.9 22 11 403
50 to 99 lbs 586 0.6 31 20 624
100 to 499 lbs 6,275 6.1 468 0.5 301 1.2 644
500 to 749 lbs 2,792 2.7 332 0.4 198 0.8 597
750 to 999 lbs 2,057 2.0 274 0.3 172 0.7 623
1,000 to 9,999 lbs 27,235 26.6 6,878 7.7 3,350 12.8 506
10,000 to 49,999 lbs 58,921 57.6 68,706 77.1 19,661 75.2 298
50,000 to 99,999 lbs 2,502 2.4 10,149 11.4 1,640 6.3 151
100,000 lbs or more 949 0.9 2,284 2.6 790 3.0 385

Private truck

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All shipment sizes 69,085 100.0 80,346 100.0 8,671 100.0 86
Less than 50 lbs 4,028 5.8 186 0.2 14 0.2 75
50 to 99 lbs 2,096 3.0 175 0.2 12 0.1 69
100 to 499 lbs 6,329 9.2 1,028 1.3 111 1.3 97
500 to 749 lbs 1,895 2.7 522 0.7 57 0.7 107
750 to 999 lbs 1,229 1.8 481 0.6 47 0.5 97
1,000 to 9,999 lbs 17,192 24.9 8,408 10.5 979 11.3 107
10,000 to 49,999 lbs 32,772 47.4 47,846 59.5 5,859 67.6 123
50,000 to 99,999 lbs 2,442 3.5 12,123 15.1 S S 121
100,000 lbs or more 1,102 1.6 S S 225 2.6 S

Rail

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All shipment sizes 4,190 100.0 37,956 100.0 22,347 100.0 787
Less than 50 lbs S S S S S S 602
50 to 99 lbs S S S S S S 1,312
100 to 499 lbs S S S S S S 1,194
500 to 749 lbs S S S S S S 1,405
750 to 999 lbs
1,000 to 9,999 lbs S S 28 38 0.2 1,373
10,000 to 49,999 lbs 761 18.2 208 0.5 251 1.1 1,243
50,000 to 99,999 lbs 246 5.9 318 0.8 177 0.8 536
100,000 lbs or more 3,098 73.9 37,394 98.5 21,871 97.9 643

Water

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All shipment sizes S S S S S S 1,227
Less than 50 lbs
50 to 99 lbs
100 to 499 lbs S S S S S S 1
500 to 749 lbs
750 to 999 lbs
1,000 to 9,999 lbs
10,000 to 49,999 lbs S S S S S S 3,178
50,000 to 99,999 lbs
100,000 lbs or more S S S S S S 1,360

Shallow draft

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All shipment sizes S S S S S S 1,455
Less than 50 lbs
50 to 99 lbs
100 to 499 lbs
500 to 749 lbs
750 to 999 lbs
1,000 to 9,999 lbs
10,000 to 49,999 lbs
50,000 to 99,999 lbs
100,000 lbs or more S S S S S S 1,455

Great Lakes

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All shipment sizes S S S S S S 1
Less than 50 lbs
50 to 99 lbs
100 to 499 lbs S S S S S S 1
500 to 749 lbs
750 to 999 lbs
1,000 to 9,999 lbs
10,000 to 49,999 lbs
50,000 to 99,999 lbs
100,000 lbs or more

Deep draft

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All shipment sizes S S S S S S 992
Less than 50 lbs
50 to 99 lbs
100 to 499 lbs
500 to 749 lbs
750 to 999 lbs
1,000 to 9,999 lbs
10,000 to 49,999 lbs S S S S S S 3,178
50,000 to 99,999 lbs
100,000 lbs or more S S S S S S 150

Air (including truck and air)

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All shipment sizes 1,993 100.0 55 100.0 65 100.0 1,243
Less than 50 lbs 659 33.0 5 9.2 6 9.4 1,244
50 to 99 lbs 106 5.3 2 3.2 2 3.4 1,244
100 to 499 lbs 397 19.9 12 21.6 15 22.5 1,226
500 to 749 lbs 186 9.3 2 3.5 2 3.5 1,199
750 to 999 lbs 56 2.8 2 3.0 S S 1,368
1,000 to 9,999 lbs 371 18.6 14 25.0 17 26.6 1,335
10,000 to 49,999 lbs S S S S S S 1,147
50,000 to 99,999 lbs
100,000 lbs or more

Pipeline3

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All shipment sizes S S S S S S S
Less than 50 lbs S S S S S S S
50 to 99 lbs S S S
100 to 499 lbs S S S
500 to 749 lbs S S S
750 to 999 lbs S S S
1,000 to 9,999 lbs S S S
10,000 to 49,999 lbs S S S
50,000 to 99,999 lbs S S S
100,000 lbs or more S S S

Multiple modes

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All shipment sizes 29,984 100.0 2,435 100.0 2,928 100.0 911
Less than 50 lbs 15,736 52.5 390 16.0 342 11.7 918
50 to 99 lbs 2,448 8.2 103 4.2 74 2.5 690
100 to 499 lbs 3,496 11.7 218 9.0 163 5.6 751
500 to 749 lbs S S 24 1.0 22 0.8 926
750 to 999 lbs 117 0.4 13 0.5 7 0.2 553
1,000 to 9,999 lbs S S S S S S 1,482
10,000 to 49,999 lbs 1,603 5.3 1,094 44.9 1,481 50.6 1,423
50,000 to 99,999 lbs S S S S S S 83
100,000 lbs or more S S S S S S 1,390

Parcel, USPS or courier

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All shipment sizes 22,439 100.0 749 100.0 607 100.0 909
Less than 50 lbs 15,735 70.1 390 52.1 342 56.4 918
50 to 99 lbs 2,448 10.9 103 13.7 74 12.1 690
100 to 499 lbs 3,480 15.5 217 28.9 159 26.2 742
500 to 749 lbs S S 24 3.2 22 3.6 926
750 to 999 lbs 114 0.5 12 1.7 7 1.1 540
1,000 to 9,999 lbs S S S S S S 1,164
10,000 to 49,999 lbs
50,000 to 99,999 lbs
100,000 lbs or more

Truck and rail

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All shipment sizes S S 1,673 100.0 2,279 100.0 1,408
Less than 50 lbs
50 to 99 lbs
100 to 499 lbs
500 to 749 lbs
750 to 999 lbs S S S S S S 1,208
1,000 to 9,999 lbs S S S S S S 1,407
10,000 to 49,999 lbs S S 1,089 65.1 1,476 64.8 1,419
50,000 to 99,999 lbs S S S S S S 83
100,000 lbs or more S S S S S S 1,391

Truck and water

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All shipment sizes 28 100.0 S S S S 4,645
Less than 50 lbs S S S S S S 3,319
50 to 99 lbs S S S S S S 4,743
100 to 499 lbs S S S S S S 4,791
500 to 749 lbs S S S S S S S
750 to 999 lbs
1,000 to 9,999 lbs S S S S S S 9,304
10,000 to 49,999 lbs S S S S S S S
50,000 to 99,999 lbs
100,000 lbs or more

Rail and water

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All shipment sizes S S S S S S 4,733
Less than 50 lbs
50 to 99 lbs
100 to 499 lbs
500 to 749 lbs
750 to 999 lbs
1,000 to 9,999 lbs
10,000 to 49,999 lbs S S S S S S 4,733
50,000 to 99,999 lbs
100,000 lbs or more

Other Multiple modes

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All shipment sizes S S S S S S 1,256
Less than 50 lbs S S S S S S 10
50 to 99 lbs
100 to 499 lbs S S S S S S 1,323
500 to 749 lbs
750 to 999 lbs
1,000 to 9,999 lbs
10,000 to 49,999 lbs
50,000 to 99,999 lbs
100,000 lbs or more S S S S S S 1,356

Other and unknown modes

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All shipment sizes 7,693 100.0 8,933 100.0 1,641 100.0 S
Less than 50 lbs 651 8.5 27 0.3 S S S
50 to 99 lbs 168 2.2 17 0.2 S S S
100 to 499 lbs 804 10.5 73 0.8 S S S
500 to 749 lbs 90 1.2 19 0.2 3 0.2 S
750 to 999 lbs 32 0.4 S S 2 0.1 S
1,000 to 9,999 lbs 2,707 35.2 579 6.5 276 16.8 514
10,000 to 49,999 lbs 2,861 37.2 S S 516 31.4 S
50,000 to 99,999 lbs S S 830 9.3 S S 385
100,000 lbs or more S S 3,764 42.1 S S 232

KEY:
– Represents data cell equal to zero or less than 1 unit of measure.
S Estimate does not meet publication standards because of high sampling variability or poor response quality.

1 Ton-miles estimates are based on estimated distances traveled along a modeled transportation network. See "Mileage Calculations" section for additional information.
2 "Truck" as a single mode includes shipments that were made by only private truck, only for-hire truck, or a combination of private tuck and for-hire truck.
3 Estimates for pipeline exclude shipments of crude petroleum.

NOTES: Value-of-shipments estimates have not been adjusted for price changes. Appendix B tables provide estimated measures of sampling variability. The Introduction and appendixes give information on confidentiality protection, sampling error, nonsampling error, sample design, and definitions. Links to this information on the Internet may be found at www.census.gov/cfs.
Coverage for the 2002 Commodity Flow Survey (CFS) differs from the previous surveys due to a change from the 1987 Standard Industrial Classification System to the 1997 North American Industry Classification System and other survey improvements. Therefore, data users are urged to use caution when comparing 2002 CFS estimates with estimates from prior years.

SOURCE: Bureau of Transportation Statistics (USDOT) and U.S. Census Bureau, 2002 Commodity Flow Survey, Individual State Data, December 2004.