Table 6. Shipment Characteristics by Two-Digit Commodity and Mode of Transportation for State of Origin: 2002

Table 6. Shipment Characteristics by Two-Digit Commodity and Mode of Transportation for State of Origin: 2002

[Estimates are based on data from the Commodity Flow Survey. Because of rounding, estimates may not be additive]

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All Commodities2

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 217,451 100.0 229,502 100.0 70,753 100.0 642
Single modes 179,774 82.7 218,134 95.0 66,184 93.5 203
Truck3 172,120 79.2 169,843 74.0 34,949 49.4 183
For-hire Truck 102,267 47.0 89,144 38.8 26,143 36.9 476
Private Truck 69,085 31.8 80,346 35.0 8,671 12.3 86
Rail 4,190 1.9 37,956 16.5 22,347 31.6 787
Water S S S S S S 1,227
Shallow draft S S S S S S 1,455
Great Lakes S S S S S S 1
Deep draft S S S S S S 992
Air (including truck and air) 1,993 0.9 55 65 1,243
Pipeline4 S S S S S S S
Multiple modes 29,984 13.8 2,435 1.1 2,928 4.1 911
Parcel, USPS or courier 22,439 10.3 749 0.3 607 0.9 909
Truck and rail S S 1,673 0.7 2,279 3.2 1,408
Truck and water 28 S S S S 4,645
Rail and water S S S S S S 4,733
Other multiple modes S S S S S S 1,256
Other and unknown modes 7,693 3.5 8,933 3.9 1,641 2.3 S

SCTG 1, Live animals and live fish

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes S S S S S S 871
Single modes S S S S S S 871
Truck3
For-hire Truck
Private Truck
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 871
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes
Parcel, USPS or courier
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

SCTG 2, Cereal grains

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 2,646 100.0 27,019 100.0 11,670 100.0 S
Single modes 2,646 100.0 27,019 100.0 11,670 100.0 S
Truck3 S S S S S S S
For-hire Truck S S S S S S 55
Private Truck S S S S S S S
Rail S S S S S S 1,024
Water 821 31.0 S S S S 1,289
Shallow draft S S S S S S 1,429
Great Lakes
Deep draft S S S S S S 174
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes
Parcel, USPS or courier
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

SCTG 3, Other agricultural products

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes S S S S S S 550
Single modes S S S S S S 160
Truck3 S S S S S S 154
For-hire Truck S S S S S S 284
Private Truck S S S S S S 83
Rail S S S S S S 2,276
Water S S S S S S 1,450
Shallow draft S S S S S S 1,485
Great Lakes
Deep draft S S S S S S 8
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 1,040
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 1,040
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 13

SCTG 4, Animal feed and products of animal origin, nec

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes S S S S S S S
Single modes S S S S S S S
Truck3 S S S S S S S
For-hire Truck S S S S S S 370
Private Truck S S S S S S 43
Rail 1 14 0.3 10 1.2 663
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 702
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 702
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 126

SCTG 5, Meat, fish,s eafood, and their preparations

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 5,548 100.0 1,769 100.0 890 100.0 276
Single modes 5,505 99.2 1,763 99.6 887 99.7 S
Truck3 5,416 97.6 1,704 96.3 839 94.2 S
For-hire Truck 2,629 47.4 836 47.2 658 73.9 661
Private Truck 2,787 50.2 869 49.1 180 20.3 S
Rail S S S S S S 946
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 1,987
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 909
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 909
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S S

SCTG 6, Milled grain products and preparations, and bakery products

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 2,021 100.0 1,246 100.0 S S 659
Single modes 1,979 97.9 1,241 99.6 S S 123
Truck3 1,971 97.5 1,182 94.9 S S 122
For-hire Truck 1,181 58.4 890 71.4 S S 500
Private Truck S S 292 23.4 39 6.8 81
Rail S S 59 4.7 59 10.4 1,003
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes 41 2.0 4 0.4 S S 1,224
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 1,223
Truck and rail S S S S S S 1,961
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 105

SCTG 7, Other prepared food stuffs and fats and oils

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 25,716 100.0 19,924 100.0 7,253 100.0 454
Single modes 25,342 98.5 19,826 99.5 7,160 98.7 S
Truck3 25,333 98.5 19,821 99.5 7,155 98.6 S
For-hire Truck 14,382 55.9 10,135 50.9 4,781 65.9 521
Private Truck 10,622 41.3 9,556 48.0 2,271 31.3 80
Rail S S S S S S S
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 1,612
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes 290 1.1 49 0.2 70 1.0 1,158
Parcel, USPS or courier S S 10 S S 1,158
Truck and rail S S S S S S 1,904
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes 84 0.3 50 0.2 23 0.3 327

SCTG 8, Alcoholic beverages

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 2,423 100.0 2,286 100.0 243 100.0 35
Single modes 2,380 98.2 2,248 98.3 243 99.7 35
Truck3 2,380 98.2 2,248 98.3 243 99.7 35
For-hire Truck S S S S S S S
Private Truck 2,110 87.1 1,968 86.1 223 91.6 34
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S S
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 3
Truck and rail
Truck and water S S S S S S 67
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 26

SCTG 9, Tobacco products

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes S S S S S S 92
Single modes S S S S S S 89
Truck3 S S S S S S 89
For-hire Truck
Private Truck S S S S S S 89
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 238
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 238
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

SCTG 10, Monumental or building stone

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes S S S S S S 284
Single modes S S S S S S 284
Truck3 S S S S S S 284
For-hire Truck 7 21.7 S S S S 630
Private Truck S S S S S S 128
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 109
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 109
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 66

SCTG 11, Natural sands

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 50 100.0 3,839 100.0 1,175 100.0 S
Single modes 49 97.2 3,717 96.8 1,174 99.9 S
Truck3 19 37.4 2,426 63.2 81 6.9 32
For-hire Truck S S 1,196 31.1 31 2.6 S
Private Truck 10 20.7 S S 50 4.3 36
Rail 30 59.8 1,292 33.6 1,093 93.0 839
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes
Parcel, USPS or courier
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S 122 3.2 1 9

SCTG 12, Gravel and crushed stone

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 325 100.0 57,138 100.0 10,687 100.0 S
Single modes 306 94.3 53,403 93.5 10,118 94.7 S
Truck3 186 57.3 36,893 64.6 994 9.3 31
For-hire Truck 62 19.2 12,552 22.0 566 5.3 S
Private Truck 124 38.1 24,341 42.6 428 4.0 22
Rail 120 37.0 16,509 28.9 9,124 85.4 544
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes
Parcel, USPS or courier
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes 19 5.7 3,735 6.5 S S 224

SCTG 13, Non-metallic minerals nec

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes S S S S S S 256
Single modes S S S S S S 181
Truck3 S S S S S S 181
For-hire Truck S S S S S S 286
Private Truck S S S S S S S
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 670
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 670
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 1,065

SCTG 14, Metallic ores and concentrates

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes S S S S S S 426
Single modes
Truck3
For-hire Truck
Private Truck
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 426
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 426
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

SCTG 15, Coal

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes
Single modes
Truck3
For-hire Truck
Private Truck
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes
Parcel, USPS or courier
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

SCTG 17, Gasoline and aviation turbine fuel

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 1,314 100.0 5,330 100.0 S S 126
Single modes 1,305 99.4 5,275 99.0 S S 120
Truck3 1,216 92.6 4,598 86.3 S S 101
For-hire Truck 547 41.6 2,096 39.3 321 28.0 147
Private Truck S S S S S S S
Rail S S S S S S 689
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 2,404
Parcel, USPS or courier
Truck and rail S S S S S S 2,404
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

SCTG 18, Fuel oils

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 1,029 100.0 5,722 100.0 2,752 100.0 S
Single modes 1,029 100.0 5,722 100.0 2,752 100.0 S
Truck3 781 75.9 3,607 63.0 S S S
For-hire Truck 314 30.5 1,586 27.7 422 15.3 242
Private Truck 467 45.4 2,022 35.3 S S S
Rail S S S S S S 991
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes
Parcel, USPS or courier
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

SCTG 19, Coal and petroleum products, nec

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes S S 846 100.0 S S S
Single modes S S 841 99.4 S S S
Truck3 S S 486 57.5 S S S
For-hire Truck S S 435 51.5 109 17.7 746
Private Truck 59 11.9 51 6.0 5 0.8 S
Rail S S S S S S 1,416
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 679
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 847
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 846
Truck and rail S S S S S S 1,594
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S S

SCTG 20, Basic chemicals

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 1,044 100.0 1,826 100.0 431 100.0 557
Single modes 993 95.1 1,824 99.9 429 99.7 647
Truck3 814 77.9 1,283 70.2 168 39.1 648
For-hire Truck 321 30.7 588 32.2 91 21.0 286
Private Truck 493 47.2 S S S S 676
Rail S S S S S S 477
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 1,366
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S S
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S S
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 404

SCTG 21, Pharmaceutical products

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 1,254 100.0 S S S S 721
Single modes S S S S S S S
Truck3 S S S S S S S
For-hire Truck S S S S S S 499
Private Truck 112 9.0 S S S S 25
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 1,625
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes 605 48.2 2 28.8 1 33.5 811
Parcel, USPS or courier 605 48.2 2 28.8 1 33.5 811
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 14

SCTG 22, Fertilizers

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes S S S S S S 215
Single modes S S S S S S 215
Truck3 S S S S S S 215
For-hire Truck S S S S S S 291
Private Truck S S S S S S 158
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes
Parcel, USPS or courier
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

SCTG 23, Chemical products and preparations, nec

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 6,543 100.0 4,189 100.0 2,665 100.0 178
Single modes 5,432 83.0 3,465 82.7 1,752 65.7 S
Truck3 5,432 83.0 3,465 82.7 1,752 65.7 S
For-hire Truck 4,326 66.1 3,229 77.1 1,683 63.2 451
Private Truck 1,106 16.9 237 5.6 S S 53
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 2,169
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes 1,083 16.6 717 17.1 913 34.3 341
Parcel, USPS or courier 252 3.9 12 0.3 4 0.1 300
Truck and rail 830 12.7 705 16.8 909 34.1 1,334
Truck and water S S S S S S 4,858
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 20

SCTG 24, Plastics and rubber

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 8,227 100.0 3,243 100.0 1,167 100.0 335
Single modes 7,441 90.4 3,152 97.2 1,083 92.8 207
Truck3 7,250 88.1 2,567 79.1 837 71.7 199
For-hire Truck 4,633 56.3 1,362 42.0 638 54.6 512
Private Truck 2,614 31.8 1,205 37.1 S S 78
Rail S S S S S S 496
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) 47 0.6 4 0.1 S S 976
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes 664 8.1 57 1.8 60 5.2 612
Parcel, USPS or courier 604 7.3 36 1.1 24 2.1 610
Truck and rail S S S S S S 1,645
Truck and water S S S S S S S
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S 34 1.1 S S S

SCTG 25, Logs and other wood in the rough

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes S S S S S S 130
Single modes S S S S S S 40
Truck3 S S S S S S 40
For-hire Truck S S S S S S 124
Private Truck S S S S S S 39
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 406
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 406
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

SCTG 26, Wood products

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 6,206 100.0 8,376 100.0 2,393 100.0 390
Single modes 6,075 97.9 7,999 95.5 2,381 99.5 341
Truck3 6,039 97.3 7,863 93.9 2,268 94.7 340
For-hire Truck 2,087 33.6 3,713 44.3 S S 577
Private Truck 3,952 63.7 4,149 49.5 873 36.5 218
Rail 36 0.6 136 1.6 113 4.7 909
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 1,290
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 833
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 833
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S 8 0.3 S

SCTG 27, Pulp, newsprint, paper, and paper board

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 5,415 100.0 4,407 100.0 2,811 100.0 448
Single modes 5,291 97.7 4,347 98.6 2,703 96.1 383
Truck3 4,640 85.7 3,539 80.3 2,046 72.8 367
For-hire Truck 3,997 73.8 3,190 72.4 2,031 72.2 652
Private Truck 642 11.9 349 7.9 15 0.5 32
Rail 651 12.0 808 18.3 657 23.4 927
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 2,503
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes 93 1.7 27 0.6 52 1.8 714
Parcel, USPS or courier S S 5 0.1 S S 703
Truck and rail 26 0.5 22 0.5 48 1.7 2,223
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 643

SCTG 28, Paper or paper board articles

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 8,583 100.0 5,344 100.0 1,867 100.0 416
Single modes 8,192 95.4 5,226 97.8 1,701 91.1 320
Truck3 8,104 94.4 5,207 97.4 1,692 90.6 251
For-hire Truck 7,488 87.2 4,950 92.6 1,616 86.6 325
Private Truck 602 7.0 247 4.6 S S S
Rail S S S S S S 989
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 1,258
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes 328 3.8 89 1.7 153 8.2 757
Parcel, USPS or courier 156 1.8 21 0.4 13 0.7 728
Truck and rail S S 67 1.3 S S 2,126
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes S S S S S S 1,323
Other and unknown modes S S 29 0.5 S S 174

SCTG 29, Printed products

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 3,991 100.0 1,725 100.0 1,313 100.0 543
Single modes 3,429 85.9 1,439 83.4 994 75.7 253
Truck3 3,367 84.4 1,416 82.1 944 71.9 S
For-hire Truck 2,588 64.8 1,265 73.3 923 70.3 634
Private Truck 779 19.5 151 8.8 S S S
Rail S S S S S S 2,271
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 1,394
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes 472 11.8 S S S S 874
Parcel, USPS or courier 392 9.8 16 0.9 11 0.8 864
Truck and rail 68 1.7 S S S S 1,413
Truck and water S S S S S S S
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes 90 2.3 36 2.1 12 0.9 S

SCTG 30, Textiles, leather,and articles of textiles or leather

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 7,305 100.0 339 100.0 274 100.0 959
Single modes 1,972 27.0 176 51.7 97 35.3 473
Truck3 1,927 26.4 174 51.3 96 34.8 389
For-hire Truck 1,466 20.1 105 31.0 86 31.4 714
Private Truck 461 6.3 S S 9 3.4 51
Rail S S S S S S 931
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 843
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes 5,039 69.0 142 41.9 140 51.2 973
Parcel, USPS or courier 5,029 68.8 139 40.9 135 49.2 973
Truck and rail 10 0.1 3 0.9 5 2.0 1,587
Truck and water S S S S S S 4,779
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S S

SCTG 31, Nonmetallic mineral products

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 3,831 100.0 S S 1,294 100.0 510
Single modes 3,658 95.5 S S 1,256 97.1 S
Truck3 3,654 95.4 S S 1,253 96.8 S
For-hire Truck 3,103 81.0 S S 1,088 84.1 S
Private Truck 550 14.4 S S S S 64
Rail S S S S S S 101
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 1,716
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes 129 3.4 S S 27 2.1 980
Parcel, USPS or courier 101 2.6 6 S S 980
Truck and rail S S S S S S 552
Truck and water
Rail and water S S S S S S 4,733
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S S

SCTG 32, Base metal in primary or semifinished forms and in finished basic shapes

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 6,177 100.0 5,126 100.0 1,911 100.0 270
Single modes 5,784 93.6 4,857 94.8 1,640 85.8 256
Truck3 5,696 92.2 4,465 87.1 1,452 76.0 252
For-hire Truck 3,843 62.2 3,155 61.6 1,279 66.9 468
Private Truck 1,776 28.8 1,130 22.0 155 8.1 S
Rail S S 392 7.6 188 9.8 466
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 1,549
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes S S 5 0.1 3 0.1 538
Parcel, USPS or courier S S 5 0.1 3 0.1 541
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes S S S S S S 10
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S S

SCTG 33, Articles of base metal

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 8,390 100.0 2,059 100.0 886 100.0 274
Single modes 7,034 83.8 1,753 85.2 669 75.6 163
Truck3 6,680 79.6 1,517 73.7 556 62.7 159
For-hire Truck 4,038 48.1 928 45.1 425 48.0 446
Private Truck 2,640 31.5 588 28.6 S S S
Rail 330 3.9 236 11.4 113 12.8 492
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) 24 0.3 S S 741
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes 980 11.7 34 1.7 S S 533
Parcel, USPS or courier 956 11.4 29 1.4 22 2.5 530
Truck and rail S S S S S S 1,224
Truck and water S S S S S S 4,653
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes 377 4.5 S S S S S

SCTG 34, Machinery

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 17,255 100.0 2,424 100.0 1,648 100.0 311
Single modes 13,591 78.8 2,217 91.4 1,505 91.3 180
Truck3 12,999 75.3 2,158 89.0 1,435 87.1 163
For-hire Truck 8,417 48.8 1,688 69.6 1,357 82.4 681
Private Truck 4,582 26.6 470 19.4 78 4.7 S
Rail 197 1.1 34 1.4 44 2.7 1,348
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 1,363
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes 2,102 12.2 50 2.1 67 4.0 706
Parcel, USPS or courier 1,980 11.5 36 1.5 31 1.9 702
Truck and rail S S S S S S 1,206
Truck and water S S S S S S 9,020
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes 1,563 9.1 158 6.5 77 4.7 S

SCTG 35, Electronic and other electrical equipment and components and office equipment

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 12,676 100.0 1,284 100.0 923 100.0 444
Single modes 9,250 73.0 1,140 88.8 800 86.7 337
Truck3 8,500 67.1 1,126 87.7 785 85.1 252
For-hire Truck 7,022 55.4 992 77.3 725 78.6 497
Private Truck 1,472 11.6 130 10.1 57 6.2 S
Rail 48 0.4 7 0.6 S S 910
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) 702 5.5 7 0.5 8 0.9 1,519
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes 1,733 13.7 35 2.7 26 2.9 682
Parcel, USPS or courier 1,701 13.4 31 2.4 22 2.3 681
Truck and rail S S S S S S 395
Truck and water S S S S S S 4,601
Rail and water
Other multiple modes S S S S S S 1,356
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S S

SCTG 36, Motorized and other vehicles (including parts)

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 23,593 100.0 6,366 100.0 1,916 100.0 325
Single modes 15,068 63.9 2,577 40.5 1,159 60.5 152
Truck3 14,485 61.4 2,518 39.5 1,053 55.0 144
For-hire Truck 9,939 42.1 1,498 23.5 783 40.9 585
Private Truck 4,219 17.9 995 15.6 263 13.7 S
Rail S S S S S S 1,791
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) 39 0.2 2 3 0.2 1,313
Pipeline4 S S S S S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 807
Parcel, USPS or courier S S 40 0.6 S S 782
Truck and rail S S S S S S 1,380
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes 1,084 4.6 S S S S S

SCTG 37, Transportation equipment, nec

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 499 100.0 10 100.0 S S 765
Single modes 192 38.5 S S S S 443
Truck3 192 38.5 S S S S 443
For-hire Truck S S S S S S 442
Private Truck S S S S S S 446
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes S S 1 5.3 1 16.2 793
Parcel, USPS or courier S S 1 5.3 1 16.2 793
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 1,583

SCTG 38, Precision instruments and apparatus

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 2,880 100.0 S S S S 774
Single modes 1,819 63.2 S S S S 666
Truck3 1,658 57.6 S S S S 584
For-hire Truck 1,480 51.4 S S S S 731
Private Truck S S S S S S 308
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) 161 5.6 2 1.0 2 1.2 1,016
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 818
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 818
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S S

SCTG 39, Furniture, mattresses and mattress supports, lamps, lighting fittings

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 3,799 100.0 837 100.0 469 100.0 387
Single modes 3,477 91.5 801 95.7 456 97.2 508
Truck3 3,455 90.9 794 94.8 444 94.8 489
For-hire Truck 1,832 48.2 402 48.0 301 64.1 664
Private Truck 1,622 42.7 392 46.8 144 30.7 389
Rail S S S S S S 1,333
Water S S S S S S 3,178
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft S S S S S S 3,178
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 824
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes 50 1.3 5 0.6 3 0.7 581
Parcel, USPS or courier 50 1.3 5 0.6 3 0.7 581
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S 31 3.7 S S S

SCTG 40, Miscellaneous manufactured products

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 11,804 100.0 2,023 100.0 1,300 100.0 785
Single modes 6,390 54.1 1,802 89.1 1,147 88.2 486
Truck3 6,227 52.8 1,799 88.9 1,142 87.8 419
For-hire Truck 4,532 38.4 1,323 65.4 1,015 78.0 665
Private Truck 1,696 14.4 476 23.5 S S 146
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) 162 1.4 3 0.2 5 0.4 1,573
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes 4,484 38.0 141 7.0 117 9.0 816
Parcel, USPS or courier 4,320 36.6 136 6.7 108 8.3 816
Truck and rail S S S S S S 1,457
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes 931 7.9 80 3.9 S S 919

SCTG 41, Waste and scrap

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes S S S S 233 100.0 156
Single modes S S S S 233 100.0 56
Truck3 S S S S S S 49
For-hire Truck S S S S S S S
Private Truck S S S S S S 40
Rail 47 9.1 497 14.5 99 42.6 209
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 740
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 740
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

SCTG 43, Mixed freight

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 29,207 100.0 7,962 100.0 1,198 100.0 859
Single modes 26,115 89.4 7,697 96.7 1,043 87.1 121
Truck3 26,101 89.4 7,697 96.7 1,042 87.0 109
For-hire Truck 8,121 27.8 1,138 14.3 265 22.1 297
Private Truck 17,973 61.5 6,556 82.3 776 64.8 89
Rail
Water S S S S S S 1
Shallow draft
Great Lakes S S S S S S 1
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) 12 S S S S 1,392
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes 2,678 9.2 162 2.0 151 12.6 969
Parcel, USPS or courier 2,525 8.6 121 1.5 93 7.8 969
Truck and rail S S S S S S 1,425
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S S

Commodity unknown

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 521 100.0 266 100.0 54 100.0 252
Single modes 370 71.0 261 98.1 S S 301
Truck3 354 68.1 261 97.9 S S 273
For-hire Truck 107 20.6 47 17.8 17 31.4 642
Private Truck S S S S S S 148
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 1,037
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 256
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 256
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S S

KEY:
– Represents data cell equal to zero or less than 1 unit of measure.
S Estimate does not meet publication standards because of high sampling variability or poor response quality.

1 Ton-miles estimates are based on estimated distances traveled along a modeled transportation network. See "Mileage Calculations" section for additional information.
2 Estimates exclude shipments of crude petroleum (SCTG 16).
3 "Truck" as a single mode includes shipments that were made by only private truck, only for-hire truck, or a combination of private tuck and for-hire truck.
4 Estimates for pipeline exclude shipments of crude petroleum.

NOTES: Value-of-shipments estimates have not been adjusted for price changes. Appendix B tables provide estimated measures of sampling variability. The Introduction and appendixes give information on confidentiality protection, sampling error, nonsampling error, sample design, and definitions. Links to this information on the Internet may be found at www.census.gov/cfs. Coverage for the 2002 Commodity Flow Survey (CFS) differs from the previous surveys due to a change from the 1987 Standard Industrial Classification System to the 1997 North American Industry Classification System and other survey improvements. Therefore, data users are urged to use caution when comparing 2002 CFS estimates with estimates from prior years.

SOURCE: Bureau of Transportation Statistics (USDOT) and U.S. Census Bureau, 2002 Commodity Flow Survey, Individual State Data, December 2004.