Table 15 - Shipment Characteristics by Origin State and Mode of Transportation for State of Destination: 2002

Table 15 - Shipment Characteristics by Origin State and Mode of Transportation for State of Destination: 2002

[Estimates are based on data from the Commodity Flow Survey. Because of rounding, estimates may not be additive]

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Total

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 182,785 100.0 248,800 100.0 88,921 100.0 401
Single modes 159,808 87.4 235,608 94.7 85,192 95.8 273
Truck 145,492 79.6 168,705 67.8 27,929 31.4 147
For-hire truck 86,990 47.6 88,470 35.6 21,701 24.4 384
Private truck 58,302 31.9 80,006 32.2 6,173 6.9 65
Rail S S 61,698 24.8 56,520 63.6 630
Water S S S S S S S
Shallow draft S S S S S S 851
Great Lakes S S S S S S S
Deep draft S S S S S S 8
Air (including truck and air) 1,439 0.8 15 25 2,262
Pipeline3 S S S S S S S
Multiple modes 18,999 10.4 3,809 1.5 2,349 2.6 582
Parcel, USPS or courier 17,708 9.7 652 0.3 316 0.4 582
Truck and Rail 1,184 0.6 S S 484 0.5 822
Truck and water S S S S S S 975
Rail and water S S S S S S 866
Other multiple modes S S S S S S 10
Other and unknown modes 3,978 2.2 9,383 3.8 1,381 1.6 S

Alabama

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 995 100.0 1,269 100.0 1,189 100.0 822
Single modes 909 91.4 1,264 99.5 1,184 99.6 884
Truck 805 80.9 S S S S 831
For-hire truck 789 79.2 S S S S 836
Private truck 17 1.7 S S S S 770
Rail 96 9.7 240 18.9 242 20.3 999
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) 8 0.8 S S S S 1,275
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 81 8.1 S S S S 796
Parcel, USPS or courier 80 8.1 2 0.1 1 0.1 796
Truck and Rail
Truck and water S S S S S S 913
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 863

Alaska

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes S S S S S S 2,209
Single modes S S S S S S 4,295
Truck
For-hire truck
Private truck
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 4,295
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 1,302
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 1,302
Truck and Rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

Arizona

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 385 100.0 94 100.0 175 100.0 1,892
Single modes 264 68.6 93 98.8 172 98.8 1,965
Truck 243 63.0 93 98.6 172 98.5 1,861
For-hire truck 242 62.9 93 98.5 172 98.4 1,862
Private truck S S S S S S 1,796
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 2,229
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 119 30.9 1 1.1 2 1.1 1,885
Parcel, USPS or courier 119 30.9 1 1.1 2 1.1 1,885
Truck and Rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 1,901

Arkansas

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 1,087 100.0 712 100.0 615 100.0 794
Single modes 1,040 95.6 702 98.6 608 98.7 846
Truck 956 87.9 490 68.9 402 65.3 786
For-hire truck 856 78.7 459 64.5 378 61.4 790
Private truck S S 31 4.4 24 3.8 663
Rail 83 7.7 212 29.8 206 33.5 986
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 1,276
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes S S 3 0.4 2 0.3 757
Parcel, USPS or courier S S 3 0.4 2 0.3 757
Truck and Rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes 5 0.4 S S S S 765

California

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 6,179 100.0 854 100.0 1,857 100.0 2,296
Single modes 4,487 72.6 770 90.2 1,673 90.1 2,482
Truck 3,733 60.4 609 71.3 1,289 69.4 2,087
For-hire truck 3,524 57.0 560 65.6 1,185 63.8 2,084
Private truck S S 49 5.8 104 5.6 2,095
Rail 145 2.3 S S S S 2,348
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 2,552
Pipeline3 S S S S S S S
Multiple modes 1,637 26.5 50 5.9 115 6.2 2,112
Parcel, USPS or courier 1,614 26.1 28 3.3 58 3.1 2,112
Truck and Rail S S S S S S 2,520
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes 55 0.9 S S S S 2,052

Colorado

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 574 100.0 80 100.0 83 100.0 1,092
Single modes S S 75 94.2 78 94.2 1,368
Truck S S 70 87.8 71 85.7 1,023
For-hire truck 220 38.4 65 82.3 67 80.6 1,029
Private truck S S S S S S 977
Rail S S S S S S 1,367
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 1,638
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 118 20.5 5 5.8 5 5.8 1,058
Parcel, USPS or courier 118 20.5 5 5.8 5 5.8 1,058
Truck and Rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 954

Connecticut

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 798 100.0 64 100.0 66 100.0 1,080
Single modes 359 44.9 57 89.2 59 89.1 1,034
Truck 336 42.0 57 88.6 58 88.5 1,028
For-hire truck 297 37.2 53 82.4 54 82.2 1,027
Private truck 39 4.8 S S S S 1,055
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 1,100
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 440 55.1 7 10.8 7 10.9 1,085
Parcel, USPS or courier 440 55.1 7 10.8 7 10.9 1,085
Truck and Rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

Delaware

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 257 100.0 S S S S 978
Single modes 97 37.7 S S S S 953
Truck 74 28.8 46 21.8 41 20.0 937
For-hire truck 71 27.7 43 20.3 38 18.6 941
Private truck S S S S S S 894
Rail S S S S S S 1,000
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 1,220
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 160 62.2 S S S S 987
Parcel, USPS or courier 15 5.7 0.1 0.1 945
Truck and Rail S S S S S S 1,088
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 921

District of Columbia

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes S S S S S S 928
Single modes
Truck
For-hire truck
Private truck
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 928
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 928
Truck and Rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

Florida

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 1,584 100.0 533 100.0 731 100.0 1,455
Single modes 968 61.1 478 89.8 648 88.7 1,498
Truck 945 59.7 448 84.0 606 82.9 1,509
For-hire truck 881 55.6 416 78.1 563 77.0 1,533
Private truck 45 2.8 22 4.0 30 4.1 1,302
Rail 7 0.5 31 5.8 42 5.7 1,340
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) 15 1.0 S S S S 1,303
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 602 38.0 S S S S 1,446
Parcel, USPS or courier 591 37.3 12 2.3 18 2.4 1,446
Truck and Rail S S S S S S 1,780
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 1,279

Georgia

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 1,938 100.0 1,176 100.0 1,269 100.0 942
Single modes 1,635 84.3 1,160 98.6 1,255 98.9 921
Truck 1,522 78.5 531 45.1 497 39.2 911
For-hire truck 1,466 75.6 501 42.6 469 37.0 897
Private truck 56 2.9 30 2.6 28 2.2 1,017
Rail 91 4.7 629 53.5 758 59.7 1,205
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) 22 1.1 954
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 282 14.5 8 0.7 8 0.6 949
Parcel, USPS or courier 282 14.5 8 0.7 8 0.6 949
Truck and Rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes 22 1.1 8 0.7 7 0.5 860

Hawaii

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes S S S S S S 4,864
Single modes
Truck
For-hire truck
Private truck
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 4,864
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 4,656
Truck and Rail
Truck and water S S S S S S 10,651
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

Idaho

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 368 100.0 285 100.0 461 100.0 2,163
Single modes 356 96.8 285 99.8 460 99.8 2,395
Truck 314 85.4 186 65.3 296 64.3 1,582
For-hire truck 298 81.0 171 60.1 272 59.1 1,582
Private truck 16 4.4 15 5.3 24 5.2 1,584
Rail 30 8.1 98 34.5 164 35.5 1,647
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) 12 3.3 2,523
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 12 3.2 0.2 1 0.2 1,629
Parcel, USPS or courier 12 3.2 0.2 1 0.2 1,629
Truck and Rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 1,627

Illinois

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 18,851 100.0 24,381 100.0 3,353 100.0 153
Single modes 16,336 86.7 22,373 91.8 3,011 89.8 140
Truck 15,905 84.4 19,627 80.5 2,519 75.1 139
For-hire truck 10,865 57.6 9,880 40.5 1,577 47.0 148
Private truck 5,028 26.7 9,740 40.0 940 28.0 124
Rail S S S S S S 184
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) 1 S S S S 786
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 2,300 12.2 S S S S 162
Parcel, USPS or courier 2,188 11.6 S S S S 162
Truck and Rail S S S S S S 219
Truck and water S S S S S S 171
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes 215 1.1 S S S S 98

Indiana

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 4,387 100.0 4,472 100.0 1,033 100.0 368
Single modes 3,662 83.5 4,380 97.9 1,000 96.9 290
Truck 3,478 79.3 3,376 75.5 789 76.4 291
For-hire truck 1,923 43.8 1,991 44.5 446 43.2 304
Private truck 1,555 35.4 S S S S 267
Rail 184 4.2 S S S S 232
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 565
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 640 14.6 21 0.5 6 0.6 376
Parcel, USPS or courier 631 14.4 15 0.3 5 0.4 376
Truck and Rail
Truck and water S S S S S S 200
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S 71 1.6 S S 335

Iowa

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 4,432 100.0 6,719 100.0 1,600 100.0 263
Single modes 4,137 93.3 6,683 99.5 1,590 99.4 194
Truck 4,044 91.2 6,102 90.8 1,344 84.0 190
For-hire truck 3,021 68.2 4,398 65.5 884 55.2 250
Private truck 1,024 23.1 1,704 25.4 460 28.8 143
Rail 92 2.1 580 8.6 246 15.4 453
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 942
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 198 4.5 10 0.1 3 0.2 349
Parcel, USPS or courier 198 4.5 10 0.1 3 0.2 349
Truck and Rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 222

Kansas

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 903 100.0 541 100.0 346 100.0 699
Single modes 780 86.4 534 98.6 342 98.6 772
Truck 691 76.6 516 95.3 331 95.7 622
For-hire truck 654 72.4 482 89.1 310 89.5 620
Private truck 37 4.1 33 6.2 22 6.2 651
Rail S S 18 3.3 10 2.9 575
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S 1,123
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 114 12.6 3 0.6 2 0.7 659
Parcel, USPS or courier 114 12.6 3 0.6 2 0.7 659
Truck and Rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 740

Kentucky

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 2,080 100.0 S S S S 525
Single modes 1,734 83.4 S S S S 495
Truck 1,694 81.4 742 41.9 400 37.0 494
For-hire truck 1,597 76.8 704 39.8 382 35.3 514
Private truck 97 4.7 37 2.1 18 1.7 470
Rail S S S S S S 646
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) 3 0.1 442
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 346 16.6 9 0.5 5 0.4 539
Parcel, USPS or courier 346 16.6 9 0.5 5 0.4 539
Truck and Rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 518

Louisiana

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 640 100.0 1,474 100.0 1,802 100.0 1,109
Single modes 575 89.9 1,442 97.8 1,769 98.2 1,119
Truck 328 51.3 194 13.2 205 11.3 1,099
For-hire truck 317 49.5 188 12.8 198 11.0 1,100
Private truck 11 1.7 S S S S 1,072
Rail 215 33.6 S S S S 1,180
Water S S S S S S 1,527
Shallow draft S S S S S S 1,527
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 1,725
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 1,106
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 1,106
Truck and Rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 1,022

Maine

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 410 100.0 379 100.0 486 100.0 1,298
Single modes 383 93.4 378 99.7 485 99.7 1,299
Truck 231 56.3 177 46.6 243 50.0 1,312
For-hire truck 219 53.5 176 46.3 241 49.5 1,369
Private truck S S S S S S 1,266
Rail 151 36.9 201 53.0 242 49.7 1,164
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 1,199
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 23 5.6 1 0.2 1 0.2 1,296
Parcel, USPS or courier 23 5.6 1 0.2 1 0.2 1,296
Truck and Rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S 1,395

Maryland

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 835 100.0 256 100.0 230 100.0 899
Single modes 765 91.6 254 99.1 229 99.2 854
Truck 723 86.6 222 86.9 193 84.0 845
For-hire truck 722 86.6 222 86.8 193 83.9 846
Private truck S S S S S S 820
Rail S S S S S S 1,013
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 862
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 70 8.4 2 0.9 2 0.8 911
Parcel, USPS or courier 70 8.4 2 0.9 2 0.8 911
Truck and Rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

Massachusetts

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 1,414 100.0 169 100.0 189 100.0 1,169
Single modes 522 36.9 156 92.4 174 92.3 1,148
Truck 495 35.0 137 80.8 152 80.2 1,142
For-hire truck 485 34.3 133 78.6 148 78.1 1,133
Private truck S S S S S S 1,192
Rail S S S S S S 1,173
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S 1,163
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 704 49.8 7 4.2 8 4.3 1,173
Parcel, USPS or courier 704 49.8 7 4.2 8 4.3 1,173
Truck and Rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 1,114

Michigan

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 6,746 100.0 4,398 100.0 2,038 100.0 397
Single modes 5,308 78.7 4,231 96.2 1,965 96.4 341
Truck 4,727 70.1 2,392 54.4 911 44.7 335
For-hire truck 4,292 63.6 2,232 50.8 860 42.2 365
Private truck 434 6.4 159 3.6 50 2.5 282
Rail 495 7.3 S S S S 449
Water S S S S S S 499
Shallow draft
Great Lakes S S S S S S 499
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S 580
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 1,314 19.5 161 3.7 70 3.4 415
Parcel, USPS or courier 516 7.6 17 0.4 6 0.3 415
Truck and Rail 798 11.8 145 3.3 63 3.1 427
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 439

Minnesota

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 9,987 100.0 10,264 100.0 2,159 100.0 228
Single modes 8,677 86.9 10,090 98.3 2,129 98.6 213
Truck 8,364 83.8 7,088 69.1 1,583 73.3 185
For-hire truck 6,437 64.5 5,114 49.8 1,239 57.4 220
Private truck 1,868 18.7 1,966 19.2 342 15.8 156
Rail 284 2.8 3,001 29.2 545 25.3 359
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S 1,159
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 1,070 10.7 63 0.6 13 0.6 236
Parcel, USPS or courier 1,070 10.7 63 0.6 13 0.6 236
Truck and Rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes 239 2.4 111 1.1 17 0.8 141

Mississippi

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 635 100.0 404 100.0 376 100.0 801
Single modes 588 92.5 363 89.6 329 87.5 799
Truck 530 83.4 240 59.3 198 52.5 769
For-hire truck 474 74.5 200 49.4 166 44.2 770
Private truck 56 8.8 S S 31 8.3 713
Rail 49 7.8 123 30.3 132 35.0 1,064
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 1,034
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 19 3.0 S S S S 808
Parcel, USPS or courier 16 2.5 1 0.2 1 0.2 808
Truck and Rail S S S S S S 894
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 845

Missouri

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 2,765 100.0 2,036 100.0 989 100.0 540
Single modes 2,431 87.9 2,022 99.3 982 99.2 602
Truck 2,392 86.5 1,939 95.2 931 94.1 524
For-hire truck 1,858 67.2 S S 825 83.4 532
Private truck S S S S 103 10.4 494
Rail 17 0.6 S S S S 606
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 856
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 320 11.6 12 0.6 6 0.6 516
Parcel, USPS or courier 319 11.5 12 0.6 6 0.6 515
Truck and Rail
Truck and water S S S S S S 764
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 582

Montana

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 269 100.0 13,454 100.0 14,302 100.0 1,311
Single modes 259 95.9 13,454 100.0 14,302 100.0 1,237
Truck 25 9.2 73 0.5 95 0.7 1,184
For-hire truck 21 7.7 62 0.5 84 0.6 1,358
Private truck S S S S S S 1,093
Rail 234 86.8 13,380 99.5 14,207 99.3 1,285
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 2,198
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 11 4.0 1,334
Parcel, USPS or courier 11 4.0 1,334
Truck and Rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 1,141

Nebraska

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 960 100.0 491 100.0 282 100.0 770
Single modes 858 89.4 474 96.6 272 96.4 1,000
Truck 830 86.5 400 81.5 228 80.7 581
For-hire truck 787 82.0 381 77.7 217 77.0 582
Private truck 41 4.3 18 3.8 10 3.6 561
Rail S S S S S S 601
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 1,218
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 73 7.6 3 0.6 2 0.6 625
Parcel, USPS or courier 73 7.6 3 0.6 2 0.6 625
Truck and Rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 608

Nevada

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 127 100.0 25 100.0 46 100.0 1,974
Single modes 55 43.1 24 95.9 44 95.8 2,067
Truck 51 40.1 24 94.6 43 94.2 1,861
For-hire truck 51 40.1 24 94.6 43 94.2 1,861
Private truck
Rail S S S S S S 2,091
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) 3 2.6 0.1 0.2 2,515
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes S S 1 4.1 2 4.2 1,958
Parcel, USPS or courier S S 1 4.1 2 4.2 1,958
Truck and Rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

New Hampshire

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 370 100.0 181 100.0 215 100.0 1,176
Single modes 206 55.7 143 78.8 172 79.8 1,228
Truck 204 55.1 143 78.7 172 79.8 1,229
For-hire truck 186 50.1 118 64.9 141 65.6 1,229
Private truck S S S S S S 1,224
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 1,230
Pipeline3 S S S S S S S
Multiple modes 117 31.5 2 1.3 3 1.2 1,162
Parcel, USPS or courier 117 31.5 2 1.3 3 1.2 1,162
Truck and Rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 1,105

New Jersey

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 2,677 100.0 812 100.0 815 100.0 961
Single modes 2,078 77.6 802 98.8 806 98.9 969
Truck 1,698 63.4 488 60.1 469 57.5 965
For-hire truck 1,524 56.9 439 54.1 423 51.8 957
Private truck S S 48 5.9 47 5.7 1,006
Rail S S S S S S 1,075
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 992
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 578 21.6 8 1.0 8 1.0 960
Parcel, USPS or courier 578 21.6 8 1.0 8 1.0 960
Truck and Rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 911

New Mexico

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 132 100.0 135 100.0 195 100.0 1,710
Single modes 126 95.6 135 99.8 195 99.8 1,993
Truck 120 90.9 112 82.9 162 83.0 1,483
For-hire truck 117 88.6 75 55.3 108 55.1 1,486
Private truck S S S S S S 1,465
Rail S S S S S S 1,434
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S 2,323
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 6 4.4 S S S S 1,482
Parcel, USPS or courier 6 4.4 S S S S 1,482
Truck and Rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

New York

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 2,421 100.0 812 100.0 739 100.0 919
Single modes 1,937 80.0 793 97.7 721 97.6 886
Truck 1,802 74.4 763 94.0 701 94.8 882
For-hire truck 1,604 66.3 679 83.7 628 85.0 887
Private truck 195 8.1 81 10.0 71 9.6 831
Rail S S S S S S 678
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) 64 2.6 S S S S 1,083
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 440 18.2 17 2.1 16 2.1 930
Parcel, USPS or courier 433 17.9 15 1.9 14 1.9 919
Truck and Rail S S S S S S 760
Truck and water S S S S S S 3,185
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 897

North Carolina

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 1,924 100.0 578 100.0 572 100.0 981
Single modes 1,749 90.9 570 98.5 564 98.6 947
Truck 1,696 88.1 464 80.3 436 76.2 946
For-hire truck 1,487 77.3 384 66.4 358 62.6 950
Private truck 209 10.9 S S S S 927
Rail S S S S S S 1,206
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 976
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 161 8.3 7 1.2 7 1.2 993
Parcel, USPS or courier 161 8.3 7 1.2 7 1.2 993
Truck and Rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 870

North Dakota

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 616 100.0 2,560 100.0 1,105 100.0 536
Single modes 590 95.7 2,560 100.0 1,105 100.0 501
Truck 313 50.8 S S S S 514
For-hire truck 112 18.3 S S S S 446
Private truck S S S S S S 567
Rail 277 44.9 1,720 67.2 738 66.7 408
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 1,342
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 26 4.2 1 562
Parcel, USPS or courier 26 4.2 1 562
Truck and Rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 552

Ohio

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 15,287 100.0 4,822 100.0 2,204 100.0 501
Single modes S S 4,782 99.2 2,183 99.1 488
Truck 7,743 50.6 3,290 68.2 1,583 71.8 489
For-hire truck 7,004 45.8 2,646 54.9 1,284 58.3 497
Private truck 738 4.8 644 13.3 299 13.6 463
Rail S S S S S S 404
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 527
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 788 5.2 28 0.6 15 0.7 505
Parcel, USPS or courier 788 5.2 28 0.6 15 0.7 505
Truck and Rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 565

Oklahoma

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 331 100.0 296 100.0 265 100.0 893
Single modes 276 83.2 292 98.8 262 98.9 924
Truck 226 68.2 139 47.0 116 43.7 824
For-hire truck 204 61.5 129 43.7 108 40.7 823
Private truck 22 6.6 9 3.2 8 3.0 834
Rail 47 14.1 153 51.8 146 55.1 960
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S 1,229
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes S S 1 0.4 1 0.4 883
Parcel, USPS or courier S S 1 0.4 1 0.4 883
Truck and Rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 787

Oregon

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 633 100.0 751 100.0 1,671 100.0 2,065
Single modes 535 84.5 735 97.9 1,637 97.9 2,027
Truck 414 65.5 S S S S 2,002
For-hire truck S S S S S S 2,002
Private truck S S S S S S 2,120
Rail 120 18.9 S S S S 2,285
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 2,691
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 51 8.0 10 1.4 23 1.4 2,073
Parcel, USPS or courier 45 7.2 2 0.3 4 0.2 2,073
Truck and Rail S S S S S S 2,234
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 2,108

Pennsylvania

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 3,374 100.0 3,003 100.0 2,506 100.0 829
Single modes 2,946 87.3 1,324 44.1 1,040 41.5 798
Truck 2,882 85.4 999 33.3 770 30.7 781
For-hire truck 2,378 70.5 847 28.2 653 26.1 782
Private truck S S 152 5.1 117 4.7 779
Rail 42 1.2 S S S S 772
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 1,095
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 378 11.2 S S S S 837
Parcel, USPS or courier 305 9.0 12 0.4 10 0.4 836
Truck and Rail S S S S S S 1,212
Truck and water
Rail and water S S S S S S 866
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 800

Rhode Island

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 121 100.0 S S S S 1,112
Single modes 55 45.8 S S S S 1,124
Truck 55 45.7 S S S S 1,123
For-hire truck 45 37.2 S S S S 1,127
Private truck S S S S S S 1,087
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 1,144
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 65 54.2 1 9.4 1 9.0 1,111
Parcel, USPS or courier 65 54.2 1 9.4 1 9.0 1,111
Truck and Rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 1,079

South Carolina

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 1,284 100.0 449 100.0 457 100.0 944
Single modes 1,213 94.5 444 98.8 451 98.8 954
Truck 1,067 83.1 349 77.8 341 74.6 955
For-hire truck 840 65.5 304 67.8 300 65.8 958
Private truck S S 45 10.0 40 8.9 900
Rail 43 3.4 92 20.6 109 23.9 1,183
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 945
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 65 5.1 4 1.0 4 0.9 940
Parcel, USPS or courier 61 4.8 3 0.6 2 0.5 940
Truck and Rail S S S S S S 1,185
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 857

South Dakota

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 724 100.0 374 100.0 210 100.0 562
Single modes 646 89.2 370 98.9 208 99.2 627
Truck 616 85.1 332 88.8 186 88.7 478
For-hire truck 585 80.8 308 82.4 172 82.0 476
Private truck 31 4.3 24 6.4 14 6.7 500
Rail S S S S S S 576
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) 11 1.5 S S S S 1,325
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 55 7.6 1 0.4 1 0.3 547
Parcel, USPS or courier 55 7.6 1 0.4 1 0.3 547
Truck and Rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 486

Tennessee

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 3,434 100.0 817 100.0 605 100.0 684
Single modes 2,782 81.0 795 97.3 590 97.4 747
Truck 2,684 78.2 674 82.5 491 81.1 737
For-hire truck 2,565 74.7 536 65.6 386 63.8 738
Private truck 115 3.3 S S S S 723
Rail 58 1.7 121 14.8 98 16.2 808
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) 40 1.2 S S S S 914
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 594 17.3 12 1.5 9 1.4 666
Parcel, USPS or courier 589 17.1 10 1.2 7 1.1 666
Truck and Rail S S S S S S 1,058
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 662

Texas

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 3,142 100.0 3,120 100.0 4,005 100.0 1,149
Single modes 2,438 77.6 3,058 98.0 3,932 98.2 1,175
Truck 1,439 45.8 974 31.2 1,137 28.4 1,135
For-hire truck 1,250 39.8 870 27.9 1,018 25.4 1,130
Private truck 189 6.0 104 3.3 119 3.0 1,154
Rail 970 30.9 S S S S 1,343
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 1,633
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 681 21.7 S S S S 1,139
Parcel, USPS or courier 671 21.4 14 0.5 17 0.4 1,139
Truck and Rail S S S S S S 1,173
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 1,259

Utah

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 165 100.0 S S S S 1,448
Single modes 102 61.9 S S S S 1,512
Truck 99 59.9 S S S S 1,427
For-hire truck 98 59.1 S S S S 1,427
Private truck S S S S S S 1,430
Rail S S S S S S 1,625
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 2,195
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 63 38.1 1 0.4 2 0.4 1,440
Parcel, USPS or courier 63 38.1 1 0.4 2 0.4 1,440
Truck and Rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 1,489

Vermont

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 92 100.0 S S S S 1,082
Single modes 58 63.5 S S S S 1,101
Truck 51 55.3 43 49.8 44 46.5 1,076
For-hire truck 49 53.7 42 48.9 43 45.6 1,074
Private truck S S S S S S 1,091
Rail S S S S S S 1,162
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 1,240
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 27 29.5 1 1.1 1 1.1 1,079
Parcel, USPS or courier 27 29.5 1 1.1 1 1.1 1,079
Truck and Rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 1,161

Virginia

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 939 100.0 295 100.0 278 100.0 960
Single modes 795 84.7 291 98.7 274 98.6 998
Truck 704 75.0 226 76.8 207 74.5 907
For-hire truck 597 63.6 202 68.5 183 66.0 906
Private truck 107 11.4 24 8.2 S S 917
Rail S S S S S S 1,038
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 1,293
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 143 15.3 4 1.3 4 1.3 951
Parcel, USPS or courier 143 15.3 4 1.3 4 1.3 951
Truck and Rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 871

Washington

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 561 100.0 549 100.0 996 100.0 2,061
Single modes 360 64.2 S S 930 93.4 2,465
Truck 232 41.2 169 30.8 318 31.9 1,933
For-hire truck 232 41.2 169 30.8 318 31.9 1,933
Private truck
Rail 64 11.4 S S S S 2,079
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 2,858
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 165 29.4 S S S S 1,943
Parcel, USPS or courier 137 24.4 4 0.8 8 0.8 1,942
Truck and Rail S S S S S S 2,287
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 1,985

West Virginia

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 298 100.0 S S S S 695
Single modes 264 88.8 S S S S 656
Truck 259 87.1 S S S S 656
For-hire truck 200 67.3 218 23.8 S S 650
Private truck 59 19.8 S S S S 668
Rail S S S S S S 668
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 726
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 12 4.0 713
Parcel, USPS or courier 12 4.0 713
Truck and Rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 888

Wisconsin

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 74,401 100.0 128,411 100.0 5,369 100.0 51
Single modes 68,318 91.8 120,632 93.9 4,833 90.0 40
Truck 67,297 90.5 110,953 86.4 4,492 83.7 39
For-hire truck 23,111 31.1 47,883 37.3 1,981 36.9 53
Private truck 44,117 59.3 62,928 49.0 2,503 46.6 37
Rail 344 0.5 S S 306 5.7 S
Water S S S S S S 4
Shallow draft S S S S S S 6
Great Lakes S S S S S S 1
Deep draft S S S S S S 8
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 1,060
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 3,687 5.0 169 0.1 15 0.3 108
Parcel, USPS or courier 3,634 4.9 119 12 0.2 108
Truck and Rail S S S S S S 67
Truck and water S S S S S S 121
Rail and water
Other multiple modes S S S S S S 10
Other and unknown modes 2,396 3.2 7,610 5.9 520 9.7 25

Wyoming

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 247 100.0 22,932 100.0 28,427 100.0 1,046
Single modes 208 84.2 22,932 100.0 28,426 100.0 1,200
Truck 22 9.0 74 0.3 80 0.3 1,124
For-hire truck 22 8.8 73 0.3 79 0.3 1,126
Private truck S S S S S S 1,088
Rail 185 75.0 22,858 99.7 28,346 99.7 1,264
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 2,547
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 1,051
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 1,051
Truck and Rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 919

KEY:
– Represents data cell equal to zero or less than 1 unit of measure.
S Estimate does not meet publication standards because of high sampling variability or poor response quality.

1 Estimates represent activity for a given mode across single and multiple mode shipments. For example, "Truck" ton-miles includes total ton-miles for shipments moving only by truck plus ton-miles for truck segments of multiple mode shipments.
2 Ton-miles estimates are based on estimated distances traveled along a modeled transportation network. See "Mileage Calculations" section for additional information.
3 Estimates for pipeline exclude shipments of crude petroleum.

NOTES: Value-of-shipments estimates have not been adjusted for price changes. Appendix B tables provide estimated measures of sampling variability. The Introduction and appendixes give information on confidentiality protection, sampling error, nonsampling error, sample design, and definitions. Links to this information on the Internet may be found at www.census.gov/cfs. Coverage for the 2002 Commodity Flow Survey (CFS) differs from the previous surveys due to a change from the 1987 Standard Industrial Classification System to the 1997 North American Industry Classification System and other survey improvements. Therefore, data users are urged to use caution when comparing 2002 CFS estimates with estimates from prior years.

SOURCE: Bureau of Transportation Statistics (USDOT) and U.S. Census Bureau, 2002 Commodity Flow Survey, Individual State Data, December 2004.