Table 20 - Shipment Characteristics by Commodity Group and Mode of Transportation for State of Origin: 2002 and 1997

Table 20 - Shipment Characteristics by Commodity Group and Mode of Transportation for State of Origin: 2002 and 1997

[Estimates are based on data from the Commodity Flow Survey. Because of rounding, estimates may not be additive]

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All Commodities2

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles per shipment
2002
(million $)
1997
(million $)
Percent Change 1997-2002 2002
(thousands)
1997
(thousands)
Percent Change 1997-2002 2002
(millions)
1997
(millions)
Percent change 1997-2002 2002 (average miles) 1997 (average miles) Percent change 1997-2002
All modes 217,451 177,858 22.3 229,502 233,880 −1.9 70,753 46,688 51.5 642 537 19.4
Single modes 179,774 152,365 18 218,134 229,473 −4.9 66,184 43,873 50.9 203 204 −0.4
Truck 172,120 144,503 19.1 169,843 209,287 −18.8 34,949 33,481 4.4 183 167 9.2
Rail 4,190 3,857 8.6 37,956 14,801 156.4 22,347 7,467 199.3 787 719 9.4
Water S 452 S S 3,047 S S S S 1,227 1,506 −18.5
Air (including truck and air) 1,993 3,033 −34.3 55 56 −1.9 65 56 15.9 1,243 1,275 −2.5
Pipeline S 520 S S 2,283 S S S S S S S
Multiple modes 29,984 19,781 51.6 2,435 1,254 94.2 2,928 1,252 133.8 911 866 5.2
Parcel, USPS or courier 22,439 18,917 18.6 749 668 12.2 607 480 26.6 909 865 5.1
Truck and Rail S 827 S 1,673 572 192.4 2,279 691 229.7 1,408 1,326 6.2
Other multiple modes 59 37 62.2 12 13 −8.5 S S S 2,325 6,724 −65.4
Other and unknown modes 7,693 5,712 34.7 8,933 3,153 183.3 1,641 1,562 5 S 140 S

SCTG 01-05, Agriculture products and fish

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles per shipment
2002
(million $)
1997
(million $)
Percent Change 1997-2002 2002
(thousands)
1997
(thousands)
Percent Change 1997-2002 2002
(millions)
1997
(millions)
Percent change 1997-2002 2002 (average miles) 1997 (average miles) Percent change 1997-2002
All modes 11,057 9,365 18.1 41,984 18,449 127.6 S 6,287 S 294 480 −38.8
Single modes 10,917 8,749 24.8 41,961 17,441 140.6 S 5,703 S 102 92 10.7
Truck 8,118 7,729 5 18,092 10,663 69.7 2,686 2,035 32 96 89 7.7
Rail S 497 S S 3,729 S S 1,019 S 1,090 710 53.6
Water S 452 S S 3,047 S S S S 1,360 1,269 7.1
Air (including truck and air) S 71 S S S S S S S 1,635 1,126 45.3
Pipeline S S S S S S
Multiple modes S 167 S S S S S S S 903 1,138 −20.7
Parcel, USPS or courier S 122 S S 12 S S 14 S 903 1,140 −20.8
Truck and Rail S S S S S S S S
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S 449 S S 821 S S S S 37 S S

SCTG 06-09, Grains, alcohol, and tobacco products

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles per shipment
2002
(million $)
1997
(million $)
Percent Change 1997-2002 2002
(thousands)
1997
(thousands)
Percent Change 1997-2002 2002
(millions)
1997
(millions)
Percent change 1997-2002 2002 (average miles) 1997 (average miles) Percent change 1997-2002
All modes 31,372 25,311 23.9 23,483 18,831 24.7 8,070 7,188 12.3 370 502 −26.3
Single modes 30,900 24,679 25.2 23,341 18,400 26.9 7,968 6,832 16.6 104 149 −30.5
Truck 30,883 24,230 27.5 23,277 17,056 36.5 7,904 5,598 41.2 102 147 −30.6
Rail 15 441 −96.5 63 1,344 −95.3 64 1,233 −94.8 558 933 −40.2
Water
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S S S S 1,612 S S
Pipeline S S S S S S
Multiple modes 345 260 33 54 138 −60.9 78 247 −68.3 1,158 1,330 −12.9
Parcel, USPS or courier S 155 S 12 10 23.7 13 11 15.6 1,158 1,329 −12.9
Truck and Rail 110 105 4.4 S 128 S 66 236 −72.2 1,915 1,855 3.2
Other multiple modes S S S S S S 67
Other and unknown modes 127 373 −65.8 88 293 −70 23 109 −78.6 S S S

SCTG 10-14, Stones, non-metallic minerals, and metallic ores

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles per shipment
2002
(million $)
1997
(million $)
Percent Change 1997-2002 2002
(thousands)
1997
(thousands)
Percent Change 1997-2002 2002
(millions)
1997
(millions)
Percent change 1997-2002 2002 (average miles) 1997 (average miles) Percent change 1997-2002
All modes 675 667 1.3 63,533 85,492 −25.7 12,525 4,048 209.4 113 51 121.1
Single modes 623 660 −5.5 59,636 85,028 −29.9 11,920 3,981 199.4 102 43 136.3
Truck 473 537 −11.9 41,835 81,281 −48.5 1,703 2,902 −41.3 53 41 30.6
Rail 150 123 22.3 17,801 3,747 375 10,217 1,078 847.3 564 267 111.8
Water
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline S S S S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S S S S 659 S S
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S S S S 659 607 8.5
Truck and Rail S S S S S S 2,546
Other multiple modes S S S S S S 4,304
Other and unknown modes 31 4 597.2 3,896 S S 605 S S 313 S S

SCTG 15-19, Coal and petroleum products

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles per shipment
2002
(million $)
1997
(million $)
Percent Change 1997-2002 2002
(thousands)
1997
(thousands)
Percent Change 1997-2002 2002
(millions)
1997
(millions)
Percent change 1997-2002 2002 (average miles) 1997 (average miles) Percent change 1997-2002
All modes 2,836 7,103 −60.1 11,897 31,065 −61.7 4,508 2,322 94.1 117 36 222.2
Single modes 2,806 7,095 −60.4 11,837 31,035 −61.9 4,372 2,322 88.3 110 35 217.3
Truck 2,422 6,717 −63.9 8,692 28,912 −69.9 1,305 1,799 −27.4 89 33 165.8
Rail 380 60 536.8 3,145 324 871.3 3,066 303 912.7 974 986 −1.2
Water
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S S S S 679 79 754.5
Pipeline S S S S S S S S S S
Multiple modes S 5 S S 1 S S S 888 384 131.4
Parcel, USPS or courier S 5 S S 1 S S S 846 384 120.6
Truck and Rail S S S S S S 2,386
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S 3 S S S S S S S S 14 S

SCTG 20-24, Pharmaceutical and chemical products

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles per shipment
2002
(million $)
1997
(million $)
Percent Change 1997-2002 2002
(thousands)
1997
(thousands)
Percent Change 1997-2002 2002
(millions)
1997
(millions)
Percent change 1997-2002 2002 (average miles) 1997 (average miles) Percent change 1997-2002
All modes 18,860 17,402 8.4 18,010 8,466 112.7 6,371 2,649 140.5 319 462 −31.1
Single modes 16,307 14,202 14.8 17,192 8,211 109.4 5,371 2,524 112.8 239 250 −4.4
Truck 15,676 13,970 12.2 16,065 7,842 104.9 4,864 2,220 119.1 223 176 27.2
Rail S 79 S S 364 S S 296 S 487 857 −43.2
Water S S S S S S 707
Air (including truck and air) 308 153 101.3 4 5 −12.1 S 8 S 1,414 1,822 −22.4
Pipeline S S S S S S
Multiple modes 2,396 2,784 −13.9 777 126 515.3 975 91 976.6 534 676 −21
Parcel, USPS or courier 1,505 2,707 −44.4 51 108 −52.7 30 53 −44.4 523 676 −22.5
Truck and Rail 889 77 S 726 19 S 945 37 S 1,364 837 63
Other multiple modes S S S S S S S S S 1,478 2,803 −47.3
Other and unknown modes 157 416 −62.2 41 129 −68.1 S 34 S S 136 S

SCTG 25-30, Logs, wood products, and textile and leather

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles per shipment
2002
(million $)
1997
(million $)
Percent Change 1997-2002 2002
(thousands)
1997
(thousands)
Percent Change 1997-2002 2002
(millions)
1997
(millions)
Percent change 1997-2002 2002 (average miles) 1997 (average miles) Percent change 1997-2002
All modes 31,505 25,596 23.1 20,204 24,393 −17.2 8,659 12,226 −29.2 888 765 16.1
Single modes 24,964 22,220 12.3 19,198 23,944 −19.8 7,876 11,833 −33.4 343 344 −0.1
Truck 24,082 20,473 17.6 18,210 21,117 −13.8 7,045 9,831 −28.3 295 293 0.7
Rail 729 1,441 −49.4 978 2,339 −58.2 818 1,994 −59 1,067 902 18.4
Water
Air (including truck and air) S 105 S S 6 S 13 6 125.3 1,035 1,333 −22.4
Pipeline S S S S S S S S S S
Multiple modes 5,958 2,842 109.6 515 290 77.7 656 348 88.6 966 948 2
Parcel, USPS or courier 5,670 2,563 121.3 187 118 57.8 167 88 89.6 966 948 1.9
Truck and Rail 266 276 −3.7 S 168 S S 246 S 1,571 1,379 13.9
Other multiple modes S S S S S S S S S 1,690 4,871 −65.3
Other and unknown modes S 534 S S 159 S 127 45 179.6 S S S

SCTG 31-34, Base metal and machinery

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles per shipment
2002
(million $)
1997
(million $)
Percent Change 1997-2002 2002
(thousands)
1997
(thousands)
Percent Change 1997-2002 2002
(millions)
1997
(millions)
Percent change 1997-2002 2002 (average miles) 1997 (average miles) Percent change 1997-2002
All modes 35,653 38,293 −6.9 27,993 32,131 −12.9 5,739 6,736 −14.8 318 427 −25.5
Single modes 30,066 33,090 −9.1 S 30,871 S 5,069 5,812 −12.8 192 232 −17.3
Truck 29,029 32,208 −9.9 S 29,116 S 4,695 4,700 −0.1 183 193 −5.5
Rail 603 435 38.6 689 1,734 −60.3 348 S S 673 739 −8.9
Water S S S S S S 33
Air (including truck and air) S 447 S S 22 S S 23 S 1,232 1,135 8.5
Pipeline S S S S S S
Multiple modes 3,417 3,565 −4.2 160 184 −13.2 125 202 −37.9 672 722 −7
Parcel, USPS or courier 3,243 3,326 −2.5 76 128 −40.5 61 85 −28.6 669 720 −7.1
Truck and Rail S 210 S S 51 S 29 75 −61.4 903 1,608 −43.9
Other multiple modes S S S S S S S S S 5,371 9,683 −44.5
Other and unknown modes 2,170 1,637 32.6 732 1,076 −32 544 S S S S S

SCTG 35-38, Electronic, motorized vehicles, and precision instruments

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles per shipment
2002
(million $)
1997
(million $)
Percent Change 1997-2002 2002
(thousands)
1997
(thousands)
Percent Change 1997-2002 2002
(millions)
1997
(millions)
Percent change 1997-2002 2002 (average miles) 1997 (average miles) Percent change 1997-2002
All modes 39,648 34,646 14.4 7,871 4,694 67.7 2,994 2,317 29.2 414 408 1.6
Single modes 26,329 25,886 1.7 3,868 4,393 −12 2,055 2,126 −3.3 226 153 48.2
Truck 24,835 23,202 7 3,792 4,248 −10.7 1,933 1,961 −1.4 190 S S
Rail S 507 S 64 127 −49.4 S 150 S 1,774 1,127 57.4
Water
Air (including truck and air) 903 2,177 −58.5 11 18 −37.2 13 15 −12.4 1,330 1,176 13
Pipeline S S S S S S S S S S
Multiple modes S 6,890 S S 150 S S 115 S 769 714 7.8
Parcel, USPS or courier 4,583 6,865 −33.2 135 146 −7.6 117 109 6.7 758 713 6.2
Truck and Rail S 21 S S 4 S S 5 S 1,380 1,612 −14.3
Other multiple modes S S S S S S S S S 4,399 10,719 −59
Other and unknown modes 2,980 1,870 59.3 S 152 S S 75 S S 173 S

SCTG 39-43, Furniture, mixed freight and misc. manufactured products

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles per shipment
2002
(million $)
1997
(million $)
Percent Change 1997-2002 2002
(thousands)
1997
(thousands)
Percent Change 1997-2002 2002
(millions)
1997
(millions)
Percent change 1997-2002 2002 (average miles) 1997 (average miles) Percent change 1997-2002
All modes 45,323 18,900 139.8 14,260 9,470 50.6 3,200 2,762 15.9 812 802 1.3
Single modes 36,492 15,260 139.1 13,739 9,274 48.1 2,879 2,599 10.8 290 397 −27
Truck 36,247 14,919 143 13,231 8,188 61.6 2,763 2,305 19.8 262 384 −31.8
Rail 66 269 −75.6 504 1,084 −53.5 109 291 −62.7 1,194 506 135.8
Water S S S S S S S S S S 10,468 S
Air (including truck and air) 174 71 144.2 4 3 32.8 5 3 83.5 1,525 1,084 40.7
Pipeline S S S S S S
Multiple modes 7,214 3,243 122.5 308 164 88.3 271 152 78.1 916 949 −3.4
Parcel, USPS or courier 6,897 3,153 118.8 263 144 82.7 205 118 73.7 916 948 −3.4
Truck and Rail S 90 S S 20 S S 34 S 1,435 1,408 1.9
Other multiple modes S S S S S S 90
Other and unknown modes 1,616 398 306.7 S 32 S 50 11 365.3 271 389 −30.1

Commodity Unknown

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles per shipment
2002
(million $)
1997
(million $)
Percent Change 1997-2002 2002
(thousands)
1997
(thousands)
Percent Change 1997-2002 2002
(millions)
1997
(millions)
Percent change 1997-2002 2002 (average miles) 1997 (average miles) Percent change 1997-2002
All modes 521 574 −9.4 266 S S 54 154 −64.9 252 533 −52.8
Single modes 370 525 −29.5 261 S S S 142 S 301 291 3.5
Truck 354 517 −31.4 261 S S S 128 S 273 288 −5.5
Rail S S S S S S 1,335
Water
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S S S S 1,037 585 77.4
Pipeline S S S S S S
Multiple modes S 22 S S S S S S S 256 767 −66.6
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S 1 S S 1 S 256 765 −66.5
Truck and Rail S S S S S S 2,641
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S S S S S S S

KEY:
– Represents data cell equal to zero or less than 1 unit of measure.
S Estimate does not meet publication standards because of high sampling variability or poor response quality.

1 Ton-miles estimates are based on estimated distances traveled along a modeled transportation network. See "Mileage Calculations" section for additional information.
2 Estimates exclude shipments of crude petroleum (SCTG 16).

NOTES: Value-of-shipments estimates have not been adjusted for price changes. Appendix B tables provide estimated measures of sampling variability. The Introduction and appendixes give information on confidentiality protection, sampling error, nonsampling error, sample design, and definitions. Links to this information on the Internet may be found at www.census.gov/cfs. Coverage for the 2002 Commodity Flow Survey (CFS) differs from the previous surveys due to a change from the 1987 Standard Industrial Classification System to the 1997 North American Industry Classification System and other survey improvements. Therefore, data users are urged to use caution when comparing 2002 CFS estimates with estimates from prior years.

SOURCE: Bureau of Transportation Statistics (USDOT) and U.S. Census Bureau, 2002 Commodity Flow Survey, Individual State Data, December 2004.