Table 3. Shipment Characteristics by Mode of Transportation and Distance Shipped for State of Origin: 2002

Table 3. Shipment Characteristics by Mode of Transportation and Distance Shipped for State of Origin: 2002

[Estimates are based on data from the Commodity Flow Survey. Because of rounding, estimates may not be additive]

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All modes

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1
2002
(million $)
Percent 2002
(thousands)
Percent 2002
(millions)
Percent
All distances 12,106 100.0 401,092 100.0 421,230 100.0
Less than 50 miles 2,629 21.7 28,891 7.2 804 0.2
50 to 99 miles 1,370 11.3 15,086 3.8 1,973 0.5
100 to 249 miles 1,835 15.2 16,208 4.0 3,420 0.8
250 to 499 miles 960 7.9 27,601 6.9 15,352 3.6
500 to 749 miles 1,425 11.8 73,347 18.3 66,632 15.8
750 to 999 miles 1,710 14.1 114,797 28.6 137,608 32.7
1,000 to 1,499 miles 1,872 15.5 123,635 30.8 192,289 45.6
1,500 to 1,999 miles 296 2.4 1,527 0.4 3,152 0.7
2,000 miles or more 11 S S

Single modes

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1
2002
(million $)
Percent 2002
(thousands)
Percent 2002
(millions)
Percent
All distances 10,005 100.0 364,696 100.0 381,070 100.0
Less than 50 miles 2,271 22.7 15,844 4.3 523 0.1
50 to 99 miles 1,303 13.0 14,331 3.9 1,886 0.5
100 to 249 miles 1,656 16.6 15,935 4.4 3,353 0.9
250 to 499 miles 872 8.7 27,598 7.6 15,351 4.0
500 to 749 miles 1,254 12.5 73,335 20.1 66,621 17.5
750 to 999 miles 1,397 14.0 114,774 31.5 137,582 36.1
1,000 to 1,499 miles 1,123 11.2 101,372 27.8 152,648 40.1
1,500 to 1,999 miles 129 1.3 1,506 0.4 3,106 0.8
2,000 miles or more S S S S S S

Truck2

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1
2002
(million $)
Percent 2002
(thousands)
Percent 2002
(millions)
Percent
All distances 5,675 100.0 30,721 100.0 5,740 100.0
Less than 50 miles 2,195 38.7 14,130 46.0 399 7.0
50 to 99 miles 825 14.5 4,619 15.0 407 7.1
100 to 249 miles 1,345 23.7 6,273 20.4 1,258 21.9
250 to 499 miles 492 8.7 3,236 10.5 1,256 21.9
500 to 749 miles 369 6.5 1,525 5.0 1,223 21.3
750 to 999 miles 219 3.9 S S S S
1,000 to 1,499 miles 180 3.2 230 0.7 329 5.7
1,500 to 1,999 miles 51 0.9 99 0.3 191 3.3
2,000 miles or more S S S S S S

For-hire truck

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1
2002
(million $)
Percent 2002
(thousands)
Percent 2002
(millions)
Percent
All distances 2,181 100.0 14,276 100.0 4,173 100.0
Less than 50 miles 286 13.1 3,474 24.3 S S
50 to 99 miles 303 13.9 2,813 19.7 223 5.4
100 to 249 miles 536 24.6 3,662 25.6 774 18.6
250 to 499 miles 284 13.0 2,168 15.2 888 21.3
500 to 749 miles 346 15.9 1,255 8.8 1,031 24.7
750 to 999 miles 205 9.4 S S S S
1,000 to 1,499 miles 170 7.8 212 1.5 301 7.2
1,500 to 1,999 miles 50 2.3 95 0.7 183 4.4
2,000 miles or more S S S S S S

Private truck

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1
2002
(million $)
Percent 2002
(thousands)
Percent 2002
(millions)
Percent
All distances 3,492 100.0 16,419 100.0 1,561 100.0
Less than 50 miles 1,908 54.7 10,656 64.9 291 18.7
50 to 99 miles 522 15.0 1,806 11.0 184 11.8
100 to 249 miles 809 23.2 2,590 15.8 480 30.7
250 to 499 miles 206 5.9 1,064 6.5 367 23.5
500 to 749 miles 23 0.7 S S S S
750 to 999 miles 14 0.4 S S S S
1,000 to 1,499 miles S S S S S S
1,500 to 1,999 miles S S S S S S
2,000 miles or more

Rail

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1
2002
(million $)
Percent 2002
(thousands)
Percent 2002
(millions)
Percent
All distances 3,649 100.0 329,697 100.0 374,875 100.0
Less than 50 miles S S S S S S
50 to 99 miles S S S S S S
100 to 249 miles 138 3.8 S S S S
250 to 499 miles 378 10.3 24,362 7.4 14,095 3.8
500 to 749 miles 882 24.2 71,810 21.8 65,398 17.4
750 to 999 miles 1,175 32.2 114,164 34.6 136,905 36.5
1,000 to 1,499 miles 940 25.8 101,142 30.7 152,319 40.6
1,500 to 1,999 miles 71 2.0 1,407 0.4 2,915 0.8
2,000 miles or more

Water

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1
2002
(million $)
Percent 2002
(thousands)
Percent 2002
(millions)
Percent
All distances
Less than 50 miles
50 to 99 miles
100 to 249 miles
250 to 499 miles
500 to 749 miles
750 to 999 miles
1,000 to 1,499 miles
1,500 to 1,999 miles
2,000 miles or more

Shallow draft

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1
2002
(million $)
Percent 2002
(thousands)
Percent 2002
(millions)
Percent
All distances
Less than 50 miles
50 to 99 miles
100 to 249 miles
250 to 499 miles
500 to 749 miles
750 to 999 miles
1,000 to 1,499 miles
1,500 to 1,999 miles
2,000 miles or more

Great Lakes

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1
2002
(million $)
Percent 2002
(thousands)
Percent 2002
(millions)
Percent
All distances
Less than 50 miles
50 to 99 miles
100 to 249 miles
250 to 499 miles
500 to 749 miles
750 to 999 miles
1,000 to 1,499 miles
1,500 to 1,999 miles
2,000 miles or more

Deep draft

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1
2002
(million $)
Percent 2002
(thousands)
Percent 2002
(millions)
Percent
All distances
Less than 50 miles
50 to 99 miles
100 to 249 miles
250 to 499 miles
500 to 749 miles
750 to 999 miles
1,000 to 1,499 miles
1,500 to 1,999 miles
2,000 miles or more

Air (including truck and air)

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1
2002
(million $)
Percent 2002
(thousands)
Percent 2002
(millions)
Percent
All distances 19 100.0 S S S S
Less than 50 miles
50 to 99 miles S S S S S S
100 to 249 miles S S S S S S
250 to 499 miles S S S S S S
500 to 749 miles S S S S S S
750 to 999 miles S S S S S S
1,000 to 1,499 miles S S S S S S
1,500 to 1,999 miles S S S S S S
2,000 miles or more S S S S S S

Pipeline3

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1
2002
(million $)
Percent 2002
(thousands)
Percent 2002
(millions)
Percent
All distances S S 4,278 100.0 S S
Less than 50 miles S S S S S S
50 to 99 miles S S 2,534 59.2 S S
100 to 249 miles S S S S S S
250 to 499 miles S S
500 to 749 miles S S
750 to 999 miles S S
1,000 to 1,499 miles S S
1,500 to 1,999 miles S S
2,000 miles or more S S

Multiple modes

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1
2002
(million $)
Percent 2002
(thousands)
Percent 2002
(millions)
Percent
All distances 1,734 100.0 S S S S
Less than 50 miles S S S S S S
50 to 99 miles 57 3.3 S S S S
100 to 249 miles 125 7.2 4 1
250 to 499 miles 81 4.7 2 1
500 to 749 miles 168 9.7 S S S S
750 to 999 miles S S 23 26
1,000 to 1,499 miles S S S S S S
1,500 to 1,999 miles S S 21 S S
2,000 miles or more S S S S S S

Parcel, USPS or courier

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1
2002
(million $)
Percent 2002
(thousands)
Percent 2002
(millions)
Percent
All distances S S 23 100.0 21 100.0
Less than 50 miles 17 1.2 1 3.1 0.1
50 to 99 miles 53 3.6 1 5.8 0.6
100 to 249 miles 125 8.5 4 16.0 1 3.6
250 to 499 miles 81 5.5 2 9.1 1 4.7
500 to 749 miles 166 11.3 2 9.1 2 8.0
750 to 999 miles S S 5 23.9 6 28.4
1,000 to 1,499 miles S S S S 7 32.2
1,500 to 1,999 miles S S 2 10.7 5 21.5
2,000 miles or more S S S S S S

Truck and rail

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1
2002
(million $)
Percent 2002
(thousands)
Percent 2002
(millions)
Percent
All distances 45 100.0 S S S S
Less than 50 miles
50 to 99 miles S S S S S S
100 to 249 miles
250 to 499 miles
500 to 749 miles S S S S S S
750 to 999 miles S S S S S S
1,000 to 1,499 miles 22 48.4 33 4.0 56 26.9
1,500 to 1,999 miles S S S S S S
2,000 miles or more

Truck and water

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1
2002
(million $)
Percent 2002
(thousands)
Percent 2002
(millions)
Percent
All distances
Less than 50 miles
50 to 99 miles
100 to 249 miles
250 to 499 miles
500 to 749 miles
750 to 999 miles
1,000 to 1,499 miles
1,500 to 1,999 miles
2,000 miles or more

Rail and water

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1
2002
(million $)
Percent 2002
(thousands)
Percent 2002
(millions)
Percent
All distances S S S S S S
Less than 50 miles
50 to 99 miles
100 to 249 miles
250 to 499 miles
500 to 749 miles
750 to 999 miles S S S S S S
1,000 to 1,499 miles S S S S S S
1,500 to 1,999 miles
2,000 miles or more

Other Multiple modes

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1
2002
(million $)
Percent 2002
(thousands)
Percent 2002
(millions)
Percent
All distances S S S S S S
Less than 50 miles S S S S S S
50 to 99 miles
100 to 249 miles
250 to 499 miles
500 to 749 miles
750 to 999 miles
1,000 to 1,499 miles
1,500 to 1,999 miles
2,000 miles or more

Other and unknown modes

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1
2002
(million $)
Percent 2002
(thousands)
Percent 2002
(millions)
Percent
All distances 367 100.0 S S 265 100.0
Less than 50 miles 284 77.3 S S 184 69.2
50 to 99 miles S S S S S S
100 to 249 miles S S S S S S
250 to 499 miles S S S S S S
500 to 749 miles S S S S S S
750 to 999 miles S S S S S S
1,000 to 1,499 miles 1 0.4 S S S S
1,500 to 1,999 miles S S S S S S
2,000 miles or more S S S S S S

KEY:
– Represents data cell equal to zero or less than 1 unit of measure.
S Estimate does not meet publication standards because of high sampling variability or poor response quality.

1 Ton-miles estimates are based on estimated distances traveled along a modeled transportation network. See "Mileage Calculations" section for additional information.
2 "Truck" as a single mode includes shipments that were made by only private truck, only for-hire truck, or a combination of private truck and for-hire truck.
3 Estimates for pipeline exclude shipments of crude petroleum.

NOTES: Value-of-shipments estimates have not been adjusted for price changes. Appendix B tables provide estimated measures of sampling variability. The Introduction and appendixes give information on confidentiality protection, sampling error, nonsampling error, sample design, and definitions. Links to this information on the Internet may be found at www.census.gov/cfs.
Coverage for the 2002 Commodity Flow Survey (CFS) differs from the previous surveys due to a change from the 1987 Standard Industrial Classification System to the 1997 North American Industry Classification System and other survey improvements. Therefore, data users are urged to use caution when comparing 2002 CFS estimates with estimates from prior years.

SOURCE: Bureau of Transportation Statistics (USDOT) and U.S. Census Bureau, 2002 Commodity Flow Survey, Individual State Data, December 2004.