Table 4. Shipment Characteristics by Mode of Transportation and Shipment Size for State of Origin: 2002

Table 4. Shipment Characteristics by Mode of Transportation and Shipment Size for State of Origin: 2002

[Estimates are based on data from the Commodity Flow Survey. Because of rounding, estimates may not be additive]

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All modes

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All shipment sizes 12,106 100.0 401,092 100.0 421,230 100.0 589
Less than 50 lbs S S 28 18 725
50 to 99 lbs 142 1.2 13 3 245
100 to 499 lbs 328 2.7 64 7 113
500 to 749 lbs 128 1.1 32 3 88
750 to 999 lbs 52 0.4 26 2 84
1,000 to 9,999 lbs 1,005 8.3 875 0.2 83 87
10,000 to 49,999 lbs 2,256 18.6 9,226 2.3 2,542 0.6 218
50,000 to 99,999 lbs 1,683 13.9 12,113 3.0 2,341 0.6 193
100,000 lbs or more 4,962 41.0 378,715 94.4 416,231 98.8 991

Single modes

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All shipment sizes 10,005 100.0 364,696 100.0 381,070 100.0 165
Less than 50 lbs 145 1.4 7 1 102
50 to 99 lbs 59 0.6 7 1 89
100 to 499 lbs 256 2.6 56 5 92
500 to 749 lbs 96 1.0 28 2 S
750 to 999 lbs 50 0.5 26 2 82
1,000 to 9,999 lbs 954 9.5 821 0.2 81 88
10,000 to 49,999 lbs 2,157 21.6 9,115 2.5 2,418 0.6 211
50,000 to 99,999 lbs 1,677 16.8 12,017 3.3 2,335 0.6 193
100,000 lbs or more 4,612 46.1 342,620 93.9 376,225 98.7 1,007

Truck2

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All shipment sizes 5,675 100.0 30,721 100.0 5,740 100.0 110
Less than 50 lbs 137 2.4 7 1 69
50 to 99 lbs 56 1.0 7 1 75
100 to 499 lbs 251 4.4 56 0.2 5 88
500 to 749 lbs 95 1.7 28 2 S
750 to 999 lbs 50 0.9 26 2 82
1,000 to 9,999 lbs 950 16.7 818 2.7 77 1.3 82
10,000 to 49,999 lbs 2,019 35.6 9,012 29.3 2,278 39.7 200
50,000 to 99,999 lbs 1,653 29.1 11,867 38.6 2,267 39.5 190
100,000 lbs or more 463 8.2 8,900 29.0 1,107 19.3 347

For-hire truck

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All shipment sizes 2,181 100.0 14,276 100.0 4,173 100.0 403
Less than 50 lbs 16 0.7 772
50 to 99 lbs 8 0.4 341
100 to 499 lbs 63 2.9 6 2 395
500 to 749 lbs 46 2.1 3 2 473
750 to 999 lbs 17 0.8 3 1 438
1,000 to 9,999 lbs 246 11.3 99 0.7 34 0.8 360
10,000 to 49,999 lbs 908 41.6 3,917 27.4 1,989 47.7 463
50,000 to 99,999 lbs 714 32.7 6,343 44.4 1,410 33.8 223
100,000 lbs or more S S 3,904 27.3 735 17.6 590

Private truck

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All shipment sizes 3,492 100.0 16,419 100.0 1,561 100.0 52
Less than 50 lbs 122 3.5 7 38
50 to 99 lbs 49 1.4 6 56
100 to 499 lbs 188 5.4 50 0.3 3 0.2 52
500 to 749 lbs 49 1.4 24 0.1 1 35
750 to 999 lbs 33 0.9 23 0.1 1 39
1,000 to 9,999 lbs 702 20.1 720 4.4 44 2.8 52
10,000 to 49,999 lbs 1,110 31.8 5,094 31.0 289 18.5 52
50,000 to 99,999 lbs 939 26.9 5,499 33.5 851 54.5 153
100,000 lbs or more 300 8.6 4,995 30.4 372 23.8 212

Rail

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All shipment sizes 3,649 100.0 329,697 100.0 374,875 100.0 1,107
Less than 50 lbs
50 to 99 lbs
100 to 499 lbs
500 to 749 lbs
750 to 999 lbs
1,000 to 9,999 lbs S S S S S S 361
10,000 to 49,999 lbs 138 3.8 102 140 1,294
50,000 to 99,999 lbs 22 0.6 146 68 487
100,000 lbs or more 3,489 95.6 329,447 99.9 374,667 99.9 1,122

Water

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All shipment sizes
Less than 50 lbs
50 to 99 lbs
100 to 499 lbs
500 to 749 lbs
750 to 999 lbs
1,000 to 9,999 lbs
10,000 to 49,999 lbs
50,000 to 99,999 lbs
100,000 lbs or more

Shallow draft

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All shipment sizes
Less than 50 lbs
50 to 99 lbs
100 to 499 lbs
500 to 749 lbs
750 to 999 lbs
1,000 to 9,999 lbs
10,000 to 49,999 lbs
50,000 to 99,999 lbs
100,000 lbs or more

Great Lakes

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All shipment sizes
Less than 50 lbs
50 to 99 lbs
100 to 499 lbs
500 to 749 lbs
750 to 999 lbs
1,000 to 9,999 lbs
10,000 to 49,999 lbs
50,000 to 99,999 lbs
100,000 lbs or more

Deep draft

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All shipment sizes
Less than 50 lbs
50 to 99 lbs
100 to 499 lbs
500 to 749 lbs
750 to 999 lbs
1,000 to 9,999 lbs
10,000 to 49,999 lbs
50,000 to 99,999 lbs
100,000 lbs or more

Air (including truck and air)

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All shipment sizes 19 100.0 S S S S 2,437
Less than 50 lbs S S 5.3 4.8 2,500
50 to 99 lbs S S 4.3 S S 1,925
100 to 499 lbs S S S S S S 1,779
500 to 749 lbs
750 to 999 lbs
1,000 to 9,999 lbs S S S S S S 2,801
10,000 to 49,999 lbs
50,000 to 99,999 lbs
100,000 lbs or more

Pipeline3

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All shipment sizes S S 4,278 100.0 S S S
Less than 50 lbs S S S S S S S
50 to 99 lbs S S S S S S S
100 to 499 lbs S S S S S S S
500 to 749 lbs S S S S S S S
750 to 999 lbs S S S
1,000 to 9,999 lbs S S S
10,000 to 49,999 lbs S S S S S S S
50,000 to 99,999 lbs S S S S S S S
100,000 lbs or more S S 4,274 99.9 S S S

Multiple modes

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All shipment sizes 1,734 100.0 S S S S 962
Less than 50 lbs S S 18 17 965
50 to 99 lbs 70 4.0 3 2 735
100 to 499 lbs 49 2.8 2 1 772
500 to 749 lbs S S S S S S 1,162
750 to 999 lbs S S S S S S 1,165
1,000 to 9,999 lbs S S S S S S 1,780
10,000 to 49,999 lbs 41 2.3 74 0.3 121 0.3 1,624
50,000 to 99,999 lbs
100,000 lbs or more S S S S S S 1,624

Parcel, USPS or courier

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All shipment sizes S S 23 100.0 21 100.0 961
Less than 50 lbs S S 18 77.2 17 81.0 965
50 to 99 lbs 70 4.7 3 14.2 2 11.6 735
100 to 499 lbs 49 3.3 2 7.8 1 6.4 772
500 to 749 lbs S S S S S S 1,162
750 to 999 lbs S S S S S S 1,165
1,000 to 9,999 lbs S S S S S S 1,780
10,000 to 49,999 lbs
50,000 to 99,999 lbs
100,000 lbs or more

Truck and rail

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All shipment sizes 45 100.0 S S S S 1,605
Less than 50 lbs
50 to 99 lbs
100 to 499 lbs
500 to 749 lbs
750 to 999 lbs
1,000 to 9,999 lbs
10,000 to 49,999 lbs 41 90.5 S S 121 58.4 1,624
50,000 to 99,999 lbs
100,000 lbs or more S S S S S S 117

Truck and water

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All shipment sizes
Less than 50 lbs
50 to 99 lbs
100 to 499 lbs
500 to 749 lbs
750 to 999 lbs
1,000 to 9,999 lbs
10,000 to 49,999 lbs
50,000 to 99,999 lbs
100,000 lbs or more

Rail and water

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All shipment sizes S S S S S S 1,767
Less than 50 lbs
50 to 99 lbs
100 to 499 lbs
500 to 749 lbs
750 to 999 lbs
1,000 to 9,999 lbs
10,000 to 49,999 lbs
50,000 to 99,999 lbs
100,000 lbs or more S S S S S S 1,767

Other Multiple modes

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All shipment sizes S S S S S S 41
Less than 50 lbs
50 to 99 lbs
100 to 499 lbs
500 to 749 lbs
750 to 999 lbs
1,000 to 9,999 lbs
10,000 to 49,999 lbs
50,000 to 99,999 lbs
100,000 lbs or more S S S S S S 41

Other and unknown modes

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All shipment sizes 367 100.0 S S 265 100.0 S
Less than 50 lbs 52 14.0 3 S S S
50 to 99 lbs S S 3 S S S
100 to 499 lbs 23 6.3 6 S S S
500 to 749 lbs S S 4 S S 46
750 to 999 lbs S S S S S S 24
1,000 to 9,999 lbs S S S S 3 1.0 S
10,000 to 49,999 lbs S S S S S S S
50,000 to 99,999 lbs 6 1.7 S S S S S
100,000 lbs or more 130 35.3 S S 254 95.6 S

KEY:
– Represents data cell equal to zero or less than 1 unit of measure.
S Estimate does not meet publication standards because of high sampling variability or poor response quality.

1 Ton-miles estimates are based on estimated distances traveled along a modeled transportation network. See "Mileage Calculations" section for additional information.
2 "Truck" as a single mode includes shipments that were made by only private truck, only for-hire truck, or a combination of private tuck and for-hire truck.
3 Estimates for pipeline exclude shipments of crude petroleum.

NOTES: Value-of-shipments estimates have not been adjusted for price changes. Appendix B tables provide estimated measures of sampling variability. The Introduction and appendixes give information on confidentiality protection, sampling error, nonsampling error, sample design, and definitions. Links to this information on the Internet may be found at www.census.gov/cfs.
Coverage for the 2002 Commodity Flow Survey (CFS) differs from the previous surveys due to a change from the 1987 Standard Industrial Classification System to the 1997 North American Industry Classification System and other survey improvements. Therefore, data users are urged to use caution when comparing 2002 CFS estimates with estimates from prior years.

SOURCE: Bureau of Transportation Statistics (USDOT) and U.S. Census Bureau, 2002 Commodity Flow Survey, Individual State Data, December 2004.