Table 6. Shipment Characteristics by Two-Digit Commodity and Mode of Transportation for State of Origin: 2002

Table 6. Shipment Characteristics by Two-Digit Commodity and Mode of Transportation for State of Origin: 2002

[Estimates are based on data from the Commodity Flow Survey. Because of rounding, estimates may not be additive]

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All Commodities2

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 12,106 100.0 401,092 100.0 421,230 100.0 589
Single modes 10,005 82.6 364,696 90.9 381,070 90.5 165
Truck3 5,675 46.9 30,721 7.7 5,740 1.4 110
For-hire Truck 2,181 18.0 14,276 3.6 4,173 1.0 403
Private Truck 3,492 28.8 16,419 4.1 1,561 0.4 52
Rail 3,649 30.1 329,697 82.2 374,875 89.0 1,107
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) 19 0.2 S S S S 2,437
Pipeline4 S S 4,278 1.1 S S S
Multiple modes 1,734 14.3 S S S S 962
Parcel, USPS or courier S S 23 21 961
Truck and rail 45 0.4 S S S S 1,605
Truck and water
Rail and water S S S S S S 1,767
Other multiple modes S S S S S S 41
Other and unknown modes 367 3.0 S S 265 S

SCTG 1, Live animals and live fish

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes
Single modes
Truck3
For-hire Truck
Private Truck
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes
Parcel, USPS or courier
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

SCTG 2, Cereal grains

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes S S S S S S 219
Single modes S S S S S S 219
Truck3 S S S S S S 30
For-hire Truck S S S S S S 115
Private Truck S S S S S S 16
Rail S S S S S S 681
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes
Parcel, USPS or courier
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

SCTG 3, Other agricultural products

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes S S S S S S 1,176
Single modes S S S S S S 1,176
Truck3 S S S S S S 636
For-hire Truck S S S S S S 806
Private Truck S S S S S S 34
Rail S S S S S S 1,765
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes
Parcel, USPS or courier
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

SCTG 4, Animal feed and products of animal origin, nec

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes S S S S 34 100.0 S
Single modes S S S S 34 100.0 S
Truck3 S S S S 11 32.6 S
For-hire Truck S S S S S S S
Private Truck S S S S 7 22.1 S
Rail S S S S S S 1,304
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes
Parcel, USPS or courier
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 21

SCTG 5, Meat, fish,s eafood, and their preparations

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes S S S S S S S
Single modes S S S S S S 131
Truck3 S S S S S S 131
For-hire Truck
Private Truck S S S S S S 131
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 793
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 793
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 10

SCTG 6, Milled grain products and preparations, and bakery products

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes S S S S S S 161
Single modes S S S S S S 161
Truck3 S S S S S S 161
For-hire Truck S S S S S S 114
Private Truck S S S S S S 173
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes
Parcel, USPS or courier
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

SCTG 7, Other prepared food stuffs and fats and oils

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 268 100.0 455 100.0 170 100.0 S
Single modes 267 99.9 454 99.8 169 99.6 S
Truck3 243 90.7 407 89.5 111 65.3 S
For-hire Truck 138 51.4 249 54.8 95 56.0 366
Private Truck 105 39.2 158 34.7 16 9.2 S
Rail 25 9.2 47 10.2 58 34.3 1,256
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 1,667
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 1,667
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 963

SCTG 8, Alcoholic beverages

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 141 100.0 S S S S 138
Single modes 141 100.0 S S S S 138
Truck3 141 100.0 S S S S 138
For-hire Truck 69 49.3 16 18.4 4 45.1 260
Private Truck S S S S S S 68
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes
Parcel, USPS or courier
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

SCTG 9, Tobacco products

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes S S S S S S 153
Single modes S S S S S S 153
Truck3 S S S S S S 153
For-hire Truck
Private Truck S S S S S S 153
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes
Parcel, USPS or courier
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

SCTG 10, Monumental or building stone

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes S S S S S S 8
Single modes S S S S S S 8
Truck3 S S S S S S 8
For-hire Truck
Private Truck S S S S S S 8
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes
Parcel, USPS or courier
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

SCTG 11, Natural sands

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 4 100.0 305 100.0 S S 45
Single modes 4 99.5 299 98.3 S S 45
Truck3 4 99.5 299 98.3 S S 45
For-hire Truck S S S S S S 33
Private Truck 2 67.9 263 86.3 S S 46
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes
Parcel, USPS or courier
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 16

SCTG 12, Gravel and crushed stone

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 23 100.0 3,229 100.0 S S 81
Single modes 21 92.1 2,944 91.2 S S 83
Truck3 21 90.1 2,783 86.2 S S 78
For-hire Truck S S S S S S 82
Private Truck 13 56.6 1,869 57.9 S S 76
Rail S S S S S S 535
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes
Parcel, USPS or courier
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 16

SCTG 13, Non-metallic minerals nec

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 327 100.0 6,709 100.0 6,686 100.0 861
Single modes 324 99.0 6,676 99.5 6,634 99.2 854
Truck3 81 24.7 S S S S 638
For-hire Truck S S S S S S 829
Private Truck 2 0.6 S S S S S
Rail S S S S S S 1,204
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline4 S S S S S S S
Multiple modes 3 0.9 26 0.4 41 0.6 1,596
Parcel, USPS or courier
Truck and rail 3 0.9 22 0.3 36 0.5 1,610
Truck and water
Rail and water S S S S S S 1,188
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 745

SCTG 14, Metallic ores and concentrates

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes S S S S S S 1,184
Single modes S S S S S S 1,184
Truck3 S S S S S S 1,184
For-hire Truck S S S S S S 1,184
Private Truck
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes
Parcel, USPS or courier
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

SCTG 15, Coal

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 3,106 100.0 361,171 100.0 401,132 100.0 431
Single modes 2,758 88.8 325,307 90.1 361,146 90.0 423
Truck3 225 7.2 8,396 2.3 729 0.2 97
For-hire Truck S S 4,634 1.3 S S 116
Private Truck S S S S S S 54
Rail 2,533 81.6 316,911 87.7 360,417 89.8 1,123
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 1,633
Parcel, USPS or courier
Truck and rail S S S S S S 117
Truck and water
Rail and water S S S S S S 1,781
Other multiple modes S S S S S S 41
Other and unknown modes 128 4.1 S S 238 S

SCTG 17, Gasoline and aviation turbine fuel

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 1,006 100.0 3,814 100.0 411 100.0 59
Single modes 996 99.0 3,787 99.3 411 99.9 61
Truck3 658 65.4 2,455 64.4 259 63.1 61
For-hire Truck 167 16.6 771 20.2 60 14.5 75
Private Truck 491 48.8 1,684 44.2 200 48.6 58
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline4 S S S S S S S
Multiple modes
Parcel, USPS or courier
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 19

SCTG 18, Fuel oils

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 860 100.0 3,695 100.0 384 100.0 53
Single modes 852 99.1 3,666 99.2 383 99.9 54
Truck3 639 74.3 2,778 75.2 262 68.4 52
For-hire Truck 156 18.1 705 19.1 101 26.3 122
Private Truck 483 56.2 2,073 56.1 162 42.1 42
Rail S S S S S S 853
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline4 S S S S S S S
Multiple modes
Parcel, USPS or courier
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 21

SCTG 19, Coal and petroleum products, nec

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 860 100.0 5,682 100.0 3,136 100.0 177
Single modes 852 99.0 5,679 99.9 3,136 100.0 212
Truck3 395 45.9 2,657 46.8 560 17.8 115
For-hire Truck 186 21.6 1,512 26.6 398 12.7 275
Private Truck 209 24.3 1,146 20.2 161 5.1 75
Rail 393 45.7 2,989 52.6 2,576 82.1 864
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline4 S S S S S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 409
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 409
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S S

SCTG 20, Basic chemicals

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 452 100.0 5,931 100.0 5,201 100.0 299
Single modes 450 99.6 5,926 99.9 5,197 99.9 306
Truck3 254 56.2 1,010 17.0 365 7.0 S
For-hire Truck 175 38.7 623 10.5 296 5.7 640
Private Truck 79 17.6 387 6.5 69 1.3 S
Rail 192 42.5 3,425 57.8 4,657 89.5 1,336
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 2,201
Pipeline4 S S S S S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 361
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 184
Truck and rail S S S S S S 956
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 7

SCTG 21, Pharmaceutical products

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes S S S S S S 231
Single modes S S S S S S 90
Truck3 S S S S S S 90
For-hire Truck
Private Truck S S S S S S 90
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 547
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 547
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

SCTG 22, Fertilizers

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 241 100.0 1,319 100.0 728 100.0 425
Single modes 241 100.0 1,318 100.0 728 100.0 426
Truck3 81 33.5 667 50.6 205 28.1 302
For-hire Truck 58 24.0 375 28.5 166 22.7 434
Private Truck 23 9.5 S S 39 5.4 119
Rail S S 651 49.3 523 71.9 805
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes
Parcel, USPS or courier
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 29

SCTG 23, Chemical products and preparations, nec

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 759 100.0 4,145 100.0 1,424 100.0 S
Single modes 705 92.9 4,100 98.9 1,349 94.7 S
Truck3 625 82.3 S S 881 61.8 S
For-hire Truck 247 32.6 1,143 27.6 549 38.5 521
Private Truck S S S S 332 23.3 S
Rail 80 10.6 440 10.6 469 32.9 1,084
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes S S 42 1.0 74 5.2 S
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S S
Truck and rail 21 2.8 42 1.0 74 5.2 1,778
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 40

SCTG 24, Plastics and rubber

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 167 100.0 S S S S 304
Single modes 141 84.1 S S S S S
Truck3 140 83.9 S S S S 65
For-hire Truck S S S S S S 336
Private Truck 73 43.8 16 21.2 1 4.0 28
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 2,534
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes 23 13.5 1 1.3 1 4.3 710
Parcel, USPS or courier 23 13.5 1 1.3 1 4.3 710
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 47

SCTG 25, Logs and other wood in the rough

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes S S S S S S S
Single modes S S S S S S S
Truck3 S S S S S S S
For-hire Truck S S S S S S 667
Private Truck S S S S S S 16
Rail S S S S S S 1,821
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes
Parcel, USPS or courier
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 2

SCTG 26, Wood products

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 270 100.0 852 100.0 559 100.0 367
Single modes 268 99.3 S S 559 100.0 374
Truck3 247 91.4 S S S S 362
For-hire Truck 215 79.8 S S S S 612
Private Truck 31 11.7 74 8.7 7 1.2 111
Rail 21 7.9 60 7.1 80 14.4 1,335
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 254
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 254
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 2

SCTG 27, Pulp, newsprint, paper, and paper board

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes S S S S S S S
Single modes S S S S S S 11
Truck3 S S S S S S 11
For-hire Truck
Private Truck S S S S S S 11
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 338
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 338
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 12

SCTG 28, Paper or paper board articles

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 18 100.0 4 100.0 100.0 S
Single modes 14 79.0 3 89.0 S S 36
Truck3 14 79.0 3 89.0 S S 36
For-hire Truck S S S S S S 22
Private Truck S S S S S S 36
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes 3 18.0 4.0 S S 253
Parcel, USPS or courier 3 18.0 4.0 S S 253
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 10

SCTG 29, Printed products

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 26 100.0 S S S S 194
Single modes S S S S S S S
Truck3 S S S S S S 21
For-hire Truck S S S S S S 529
Private Truck 8 29.3 1 6.9 S S 10
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 2,102
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes S S 1 12.2 S S 221
Parcel, USPS or courier S S 1 12.2 S S 221
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes 5 19.7 S S S S S

SCTG 30, Textiles, leather,and articles of textiles or leather

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 349 100.0 8 100.0 9 100.0 1,116
Single modes S S S S S S S
Truck3 S S S S S S S
For-hire Truck S S S S S S S
Private Truck S S S S S S S
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes 342 98.2 8 91.8 8 97.4 1,118
Parcel, USPS or courier 342 98.2 8 91.8 8 97.4 1,118
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 1,208

SCTG 31, Nonmetallic mineral products

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 168 100.0 2,404 100.0 323 100.0 86
Single modes 157 93.4 2,366 98.4 319 98.7 S
Truck3 147 87.5 2,216 92.2 224 69.3 S
For-hire Truck 72 43.0 982 40.8 155 48.0 114
Private Truck S S S S S S 49
Rail 10 5.8 149 6.2 93 28.8 616
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 2,715
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes S S 173
Parcel, USPS or courier S S 173
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 42

SCTG 32, Base metal in primary or semifinished forms and in finished basic shapes

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 28 100.0 S S S S S
Single modes 25 87.3 S S S S 45
Truck3 25 87.3 S S S S 45
For-hire Truck S S S S S S 613
Private Truck 16 55.6 S S S S 30
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 499
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 499
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S S

SCTG 33, Articles of base metal

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 463 100.0 164 100.0 43 100.0 394
Single modes 415 89.8 159 96.9 41 96.3 S
Truck3 S S 150 91.6 32 75.4 S
For-hire Truck 104 22.5 39 24.1 23 53.2 314
Private Truck S S S S S S 49
Rail S S S S S S 1,029
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 3,095
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes 29 6.4 1 0.7 S S 911
Parcel, USPS or courier 29 6.4 1 0.7 S S 911
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S S

SCTG 34, Machinery

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 748 100.0 123 100.0 14 100.0 139
Single modes 661 88.3 119 97.0 14 95.3 71
Truck3 658 88.0 119 97.0 14 94.2 60
For-hire Truck 86 11.5 S S 4 27.1 354
Private Truck 572 76.5 110 89.1 10 67.1 36
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 2,269
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes 59 7.8 2 1.3 1 4.4 320
Parcel, USPS or courier 59 7.8 2 1.3 1 4.4 320
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 41

SCTG 35, Electronic and other electrical equipment and components and office equipment

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes S S 23 100.0 S S 989
Single modes 140 14.9 16 70.7 3 41.6 S
Truck3 134 14.2 16 69.6 3 32.6 S
For-hire Truck 50 5.3 1 6.4 2 22.9 1,317
Private Truck 84 8.9 14 63.2 1 9.7 42
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 2,278
Pipeline4 S S S S S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 1,210
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 1,210
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes 12 1.2 S S 0.2 10

SCTG 36, Motorized and other vehicles (including parts)

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 231 100.0 31 100.0 5 100.0 178
Single modes 114 49.2 23 73.0 4 81.2 176
Truck3 114 49.2 23 73.0 4 80.2 125
For-hire Truck S S S S S S 182
Private Truck 101 43.7 21 67.7 4 72.8 112
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 2,559
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes 26 11.4 1 3.2 4.6 214
Parcel, USPS or courier 26 11.4 1 3.2 4.6 214
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 109

SCTG 37, Transportation equipment, nec

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes S S S S S S 1,286
Single modes S S S S S S 591
Truck3 S S S S S S 345
For-hire Truck
Private Truck S S S S S S 345
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 2,296
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes 1 11.4 S S 3.3 1,348
Parcel, USPS or courier 1 11.4 S S 3.3 1,348
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 879

SCTG 38, Precision instruments and apparatus

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 43 100.0 S S S S 713
Single modes 7 16.6 S S S S 47
Truck3 7 16.6 S S S S 47
For-hire Truck
Private Truck 7 16.6 S S S S 47
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes 36 83.0 23.3 S S 1,047
Parcel, USPS or courier 36 83.0 23.3 S S 1,047
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S S

SCTG 39, Furniture, mattresses and mattress supports, lamps, lighting fittings

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes S S S S S S 68
Single modes S S S S S S 116
Truck3 S S S S S S 116
For-hire Truck
Private Truck S S S S S S 116
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 150
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 150
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 3

SCTG 40, Miscellaneous manufactured products

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 241 100.0 31 100.0 15 100.0 1,033
Single modes 128 52.9 27 85.6 9 60.3 S
Truck3 121 50.0 27 85.4 9 59.8 S
For-hire Truck 67 27.8 S S 5 31.2 977
Private Truck 54 22.2 20 64.1 4 28.6 S
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 2,245
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes 110 45.5 4 14.1 S S 1,196
Parcel, USPS or courier 98 40.8 3 10.7 4 27.9 1,196
Truck and rail S S S S S S 1,576
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 313

SCTG 41, Waste and scrap

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes S S S S S S 539
Single modes S S S S S S 539
Truck3 S S S S S S 539
For-hire Truck S S S S S S 557
Private Truck S S S S S S 536
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes
Parcel, USPS or courier
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

SCTG 43, Mixed freight

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 142 100.0 S S S S S
Single modes 101 70.8 S S S S S
Truck3 101 70.8 S S S S S
For-hire Truck S S S S S S 452
Private Truck 75 53.0 6 14.5 S S S
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes 17 12.3 S S S S 353
Parcel, USPS or courier 14 9.6 0.9 0.5 351
Truck and rail S S S S S S 997
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S S

Commodity unknown

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 19 100.0 S S S S 294
Single modes 17 90.5 S S S S S
Truck3 S S S S S S S
For-hire Truck S S S S S S 341
Private Truck S S S S S S S
Rail S S S S S S 1,245
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes S S S S 478
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S 478
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 4

KEY:
– Represents data cell equal to zero or less than 1 unit of measure.
S Estimate does not meet publication standards because of high sampling variability or poor response quality.

1 Ton-miles estimates are based on estimated distances traveled along a modeled transportation network. See "Mileage Calculations" section for additional information.
2 Estimates exclude shipments of crude petroleum (SCTG 16).
3 "Truck" as a single mode includes shipments that were made by only private truck, only for-hire truck, or a combination of private tuck and for-hire truck.
4 Estimates for pipeline exclude shipments of crude petroleum.

NOTES: Value-of-shipments estimates have not been adjusted for price changes. Appendix B tables provide estimated measures of sampling variability. The Introduction and appendixes give information on confidentiality protection, sampling error, nonsampling error, sample design, and definitions. Links to this information on the Internet may be found at www.census.gov/cfs. Coverage for the 2002 Commodity Flow Survey (CFS) differs from the previous surveys due to a change from the 1987 Standard Industrial Classification System to the 1997 North American Industry Classification System and other survey improvements. Therefore, data users are urged to use caution when comparing 2002 CFS estimates with estimates from prior years.

SOURCE: Bureau of Transportation Statistics (USDOT) and U.S. Census Bureau, 2002 Commodity Flow Survey, Individual State Data, December 2004.