Table 13 - Shipment Characteristics by Destination and Mode of Transportation for State of Origin: 2002

Table 13 - Shipment Characteristics by Destination and Mode of Transportation for State of Origin: 2002

[Estimates are based on data from the Commodity Flow Survey. Because of rounding, estimates may not be additive]

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Total

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 12,106 100.0 401,092 100.0 421,230 100.0 589
Single modes 10,005 82.6 364,696 90.9 381,070 90.5 165
Truck 5,675 46.9 30,721 7.7 5,740 1.4 110
For-hire truck 2,181 18.0 14,276 3.6 4,173 1.0 403
Private truck 3,492 28.8 16,419 4.1 1,561 0.4 52
Rail 3,649 30.1 329,697 82.2 374,875 89.0 1,107
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) 19 0.2 S S S S 2,437
Pipeline3 S S 4,278 1.1 S S S
Multiple modes 1,734 14.3 S S S S 962
Parcel, USPS or courier S S 23 21 961
Truck and rail 45 0.4 S S S S 1,605
Truck and water
Rail and water S S S S S S 1,767
Other multiple modes S S S S S S 41
Other and unknown modes 367 3.0 S S 265 S

Alabama

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 100 100.0 11,760 100.0 18,345 100.0 1,369
Single modes 95 95.0 11,760 100.0 18,345 100.0 1,728
Truck S S S S S S 1,474
For-hire truck S S S S S S 1,474
Private truck
Rail 87 86.6 11,750 99.9 18,330 99.9 1,544
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 2,226
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 1,346
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 1,346
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

Alaska

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes S S S S S S 1,472
Single modes S S S S S S 4,223
Truck S S S S S S 748
For-hire truck S S S S S S 748
Private truck
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 4,366
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 1,095
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 1,095
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

Arizona

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 57 100.0 372 100.0 348 100.0 942
Single modes 42 73.8 372 99.9 348 99.9 1,008
Truck 27 47.9 S S S S 921
For-hire truck 27 46.7 S S S S 902
Private truck S S S S S S 1,036
Rail S S S S 178 51.1 958
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 2,117
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes S S 923
Parcel, USPS or courier S S 923
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 826

Arkansas

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 99 100.0 9,891 100.0 12,048 100.0 1,069
Single modes 94 95.1 9,887 100.0 12,041 99.9 1,110
Truck 12 12.6 25 0.2 28 0.2 1,094
For-hire truck 8 7.6 S S 21 0.2 1,183
Private truck S S S S S S 1,062
Rail 82 82.6 9,862 99.7 12,014 99.7 1,212
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 1,056
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 1,051
Truck and rail S S S S S S 1,515
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 1,124

California

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 493 100.0 1,209 100.0 1,365 100.0 1,152
Single modes 395 80.2 1,198 99.1 1,354 99.2 1,102
Truck 177 35.9 320 26.4 323 23.6 993
For-hire truck 176 35.8 314 26.0 318 23.3 996
Private truck S S S S S S 918
Rail 216 43.9 878 72.6 1,031 75.5 1,233
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 2,841
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 97 19.8 S S S S 1,156
Parcel, USPS or courier 95 19.4 2 0.2 2 0.2 1,157
Truck and rail S S S S S S 956
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 1,129

Colorado

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 667 100.0 13,736 100.0 5,406 100.0 232
Single modes 602 90.2 13,717 99.9 5,403 99.9 208
Truck 443 66.4 4,152 30.2 902 16.7 181
For-hire truck 211 31.6 2,445 17.8 639 11.8 221
Private truck 232 34.8 1,707 12.4 263 4.9 149
Rail 157 23.5 9,553 69.5 4,500 83.2 517
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 2,266
Pipeline3 S S S S S S S
Multiple modes 55 8.3 1 249
Parcel, USPS or courier 55 8.3 1 249
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 263

Connecticut

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes S S S S S S 1,862
Single modes 1 41.8 S S S S 2,425
Truck S S S S S S 2,118
For-hire truck S S S S S S 2,118
Private truck
Rail S S S S S S 2,262
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 2,506
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 1,839
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 1,839
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

Delaware

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes S S S S S S 2,147
Single modes S S S S S S 2,139
Truck
For-hire truck
Private truck
Rail S S S S S S 2,139
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 2,149
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 2,149
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

District of Columbia

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes S S S S S S 1,646
Single modes
Truck
For-hire truck
Private truck
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 1,646
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 1,646
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

Florida

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes S S 233 100.0 536 100.0 1,884
Single modes 15 17.7 233 99.9 535 99.9 2,328
Truck 2 1.9 S S S S 2,153
For-hire truck 2 1.9 S S S S 2,191
Private truck S S S S S S 1,959
Rail 13 14.6 229 98.2 528 98.5 2,277
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 2,692
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes S S S S 1,871
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S 1,871
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

Georgia

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 85 100.0 6,073 100.0 10,665 100.0 1,819
Single modes 83 97.9 6,068 99.9 10,655 99.9 1,760
Truck 15 17.1 S S S S 1,717
For-hire truck S S S S S S 1,718
Private truck S S S S S S 1,515
Rail 68 80.3 6,027 99.2 10,584 99.2 1,868
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 2,408
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 1,915
Parcel, USPS or courier 1 1.0 1,897
Truck and rail S S S S S S 2,349
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 1,614

Hawaii

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes S S S S S S 4,315
Single modes S S S S S S 4,429
Truck
For-hire truck
Private truck
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 4,429
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 4,097
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 4,097
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

Idaho

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 195 100.0 1,803 100.0 654 100.0 566
Single modes 185 94.9 1,802 100.0 654 100.0 467
Truck 44 22.7 150 8.3 S S 461
For-hire truck S S 144 8.0 S S 507
Private truck S S S S S S 388
Rail 90 46.1 1,068 59.2 529 80.8 465
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 1,036
Pipeline3 S S S S S S S
Multiple modes 10 4.9 611
Parcel, USPS or courier 10 4.9 611
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 128

Illinois

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 419 100.0 32,614 100.0 38,352 100.0 970
Single modes 335 79.8 32,612 100.0 38,350 100.0 1,178
Truck S S 89 0.3 91 0.2 1,017
For-hire truck S S 89 0.3 91 0.2 1,009
Private truck S S S S S S 1,103
Rail 276 65.8 32,522 99.7 38,258 99.8 1,226
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 1,710
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 963
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 963
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 1,404

Indiana

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 148 100.0 14,668 100.0 19,205 100.0 1,127
Single modes 124 83.9 14,667 100.0 19,204 100.0 1,366
Truck 18 11.9 15 0.1 18 1,256
For-hire truck 18 11.9 15 0.1 18 1,256
Private truck S S S S S S 1,318
Rail 107 72.0 14,652 99.9 19,186 99.9 1,469
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 1,108
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 1,108
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

Iowa

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 189 100.0 15,056 100.0 13,486 100.0 686
Single modes 165 87.6 15,056 100.0 13,486 100.0 804
Truck 16 8.6 75 0.5 53 0.4 783
For-hire truck S S 67 0.4 47 0.4 766
Private truck S S S S S S 882
Rail 149 79.1 14,981 99.5 13,433 99.6 825
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 671
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 671
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 922

Kansas

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 211 100.0 16,013 100.0 12,178 100.0 713
Single modes 210 99.3 16,013 100.0 12,178 100.0 828
Truck S S 69 0.4 43 0.4 673
For-hire truck S S S S 41 0.3 685
Private truck S S S S S S 376
Rail 191 90.6 15,944 99.6 12,135 99.6 792
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 2,286
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 646
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 646
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

Kentucky

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 55 100.0 4,005 100.0 5,586 100.0 1,363
Single modes 37 66.8 3,750 93.6 5,145 92.1 1,400
Truck 9 16.7 S S S S 1,326
For-hire truck 9 15.8 S S S S 1,423
Private truck S S S S S S 1,228
Rail 27 50.0 S S S S 1,562
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 1,373
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 1,362
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 1,361
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water S S S S S S 1,730
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

Louisiana

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes S S S S S S 1,514
Single modes S S S S S S 1,894
Truck S S S S S S 1,731
For-hire truck S S S S S S 1,728
Private truck S S S S S S 1,757
Rail S S S S S S 1,641
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 2,448
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 1,453
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 1,429
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water S S S S S S 1,782
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

Maine

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes S S S S S S 2,120
Single modes S S S S S S 2,134
Truck S S S S S S 2,417
For-hire truck S S S S S S 2,417
Private truck
Rail S S S S S S 2,083
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 2,120
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 2,120
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

Maryland

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 20 100.0 S S S S 1,720
Single modes S S S S S S 1,799
Truck S S S S S S 1,716
For-hire truck S S S S S S 1,826
Private truck S S S S S S 1,655
Rail S S S S S S 2,092
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 1,713
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 1,713
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 1,724

Massachusetts

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes S S S S S S 1,988
Single modes S S S S S S 2,197
Truck S S S S S S 2,196
For-hire truck S S S S S S 2,196
Private truck
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 2,201
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 1,986
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 1,986
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 2,408

Michigan

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes S S 7,252 100.0 10,344 100.0 1,207
Single modes S S 7,239 99.8 10,325 99.8 1,590
Truck 11 2.1 18 0.2 25 0.2 1,451
For-hire truck 10 1.9 12 0.2 17 0.2 1,460
Private truck S S S S S S 1,286
Rail 83 16.0 7,221 99.6 10,301 99.6 1,608
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 1,833
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 1,179
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 1,179
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water S S S S S S 1,188
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 1,358

Minnesota

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 109 100.0 8,330 100.0 8,866 100.0 960
Single modes 101 93.1 8,330 100.0 8,865 100.0 1,059
Truck 27 25.3 85 1.0 70 0.8 845
For-hire truck 27 25.3 85 1.0 70 0.8 841
Private truck S S S S S S 950
Rail 73 67.5 8,244 99.0 8,796 99.2 1,061
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 2,171
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 5 4.8 939
Parcel, USPS or courier 5 4.8 939
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 799

Mississippi

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 2 100.0 S S S S 1,378
Single modes S S S S S S 1,816
Truck S S S S S S 1,672
For-hire truck S S S S S S 1,672
Private truck
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 2,191
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 2 73.6 S S S S 1,369
Parcel, USPS or courier 2 73.6 S S S S 1,369
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

Missouri

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 290 100.0 32,007 100.0 32,307 100.0 812
Single modes 270 93.0 31,993 100.0 32,291 100.0 1,060
Truck 28 9.6 73 0.2 62 0.2 891
For-hire truck 27 9.4 55 0.2 50 0.2 921
Private truck S S S S S S 661
Rail 242 83.3 31,920 99.7 32,230 99.8 1,206
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 2,211
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 20 7.0 S S S S 794
Parcel, USPS or courier 12 4.0 793
Truck and rail S S S S S S 1,120
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

Montana

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 182 100.0 1,329 100.0 425 100.0 517
Single modes 161 88.2 1,326 99.8 424 99.8 381
Truck 149 81.7 533 40.1 178 42.0 294
For-hire truck 90 49.1 401 30.2 147 34.5 324
Private truck 57 31.5 133 10.0 32 7.5 268
Rail S S S S S S 411
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 2,827
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 21 11.3 1 0.1 567
Parcel, USPS or courier 21 11.3 1 0.1 567
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 518

Nebraska

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 585 100.0 11,948 100.0 5,349 100.0 258
Single modes 561 95.9 11,947 100.0 5,349 100.0 193
Truck 60 10.2 S S S S 175
For-hire truck 36 6.2 S S S S 279
Private truck 23 3.9 S S S S 128
Rail 131 22.3 9,387 78.6 4,965 92.8 506
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline3 S S S S S S S
Multiple modes S S 425
Parcel, USPS or courier S S 425
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 20

Nevada

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 99 100.0 499 100.0 374 100.0 859
Single modes 71 71.6 498 99.9 374 99.9 747
Truck 56 57.0 400 80.3 285 76.2 728
For-hire truck 39 39.5 247 49.5 180 48.1 734
Private truck S S S S S S 718
Rail S S S S S S 896
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 856
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 856
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 959

New Hampshire

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 9 100.0 S S S S 1,905
Single modes S S S S S S 2,087
Truck S S S S S S 2,070
For-hire truck S S S S S S 2,070
Private truck
Rail S S S S S S 2,256
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 1,904
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 1,904
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

New Jersey

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 23 100.0 78 100.0 161 100.0 1,792
Single modes 11 48.4 59 75.6 120 74.2 1,975
Truck 9 39.4 25 31.9 47 28.8 1,948
For-hire truck 9 39.4 25 31.9 47 28.8 1,948
Private truck
Rail 2 8.7 34 43.7 73 45.3 2,152
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 1,992
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 12 51.6 S S S S 1,778
Parcel, USPS or courier 4 15.9 S S S S 1,768
Truck and rail S S S S S S 2,205
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

New Mexico

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 110 100.0 S S S S 698
Single modes S S S S S S 730
Truck 27 24.1 S S S S 657
For-hire truck 19 17.5 S S S S 643
Private truck S S S S S S 685
Rail S S S S S S 762
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 2,721
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes S S 0.1 0.1 691
Parcel, USPS or courier S S 0.1 0.1 691
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

New York

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 36 100.0 196 100.0 364 100.0 1,757
Single modes 18 48.8 S S S S 1,966
Truck S S S S S S 1,979
For-hire truck S S S S S S 1,980
Private truck S S S S S S 1,975
Rail S S S S S S 1,868
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 2,227
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 19 51.2 S S S S 1,750
Parcel, USPS or courier 18 50.5 S S S S 1,750
Truck and rail S S S S S S 1,712
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

North Carolina

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 23 100.0 280 100.0 618 100.0 1,668
Single modes 13 55.9 279 99.8 617 99.8 2,101
Truck 6 26.9 S S S S 1,900
For-hire truck 6 26.5 S S S S 1,938
Private truck S S S S S S 1,706
Rail S S 263 94.0 583 94.4 2,231
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 10 44.1 S S S S 1,652
Parcel, USPS or courier 10 44.1 S S S S 1,652
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

North Dakota

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 31 100.0 110 100.0 76 100.0 606
Single modes 26 84.5 110 99.8 76 99.9 645
Truck 26 82.8 104 94.6 71 94.3 645
For-hire truck 14 44.6 96 86.8 67 87.9 680
Private truck S S S S 5 6.4 528
Rail S S S S S S 726
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 596
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 596
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 462

Ohio

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 138 100.0 7,899 100.0 11,556 100.0 1,302
Single modes 96 69.2 7,885 99.8 11,533 99.8 1,584
Truck 11 8.3 12 0.1 18 0.2 1,497
For-hire truck 11 8.2 S S S S 1,497
Private truck S S S S S S 1,490
Rail 83 60.4 7,873 99.7 11,515 99.6 1,535
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 1,892
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes S S 15 0.2 23 0.2 1,296
Parcel, USPS or courier S S 1 1 1,295
Truck and rail S S S S S S 1,548
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 1,241

Oklahoma

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 210 100.0 14,295 100.0 15,066 100.0 819
Single modes 161 76.6 14,295 100.0 15,066 100.0 968
Truck 24 11.5 S S S S 886
For-hire truck 22 10.7 S S S S 884
Private truck S S S S S S 1,061
Rail 136 65.1 14,132 98.9 14,921 99.0 1,139
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 2,278
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes S S 804
Parcel, USPS or courier S S 804
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 1,281

Oregon

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 189 100.0 S S S S 1,135
Single modes 159 84.1 S S S S 1,004
Truck 25 13.1 46 0.5 45 0.5 991
For-hire truck 23 12.0 42 0.5 42 0.4 990
Private truck S S S S S S 995
Rail 134 71.0 S S S S 1,009
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 1,147
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 1,147
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

Pennsylvania

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 118 100.0 4,846 100.0 8,548 100.0 1,576
Single modes 103 87.7 4,846 100.0 8,548 100.0 1,915
Truck 40 34.4 S S S S 1,690
For-hire truck 40 34.4 S S S S 1,690
Private truck
Rail 59 50.6 4,826 99.6 8,518 99.6 1,977
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 2,109
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 14 12.3 1 1,564
Parcel, USPS or courier 14 12.3 1 1,564
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 1,816

Rhode Island

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes S S S S S S 2,012
Single modes
Truck
For-hire truck
Private truck
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 2,012
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 2,012
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

South Carolina

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes S S S S S S 1,903
Single modes S S S S S S 1,789
Truck S S S S S S 1,789
For-hire truck S S S S S S 1,789
Private truck
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 1,937
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 1,937
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

South Dakota

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 185 100.0 2,644 100.0 S S 214
Single modes 182 98.3 2,644 100.0 S S 182
Truck 165 89.1 1,131 42.8 S S 179
For-hire truck 90 48.7 938 35.5 143 9.3 155
Private truck 75 40.4 193 7.3 33 2.1 206
Rail 17 9.2 S S S S 881
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes S S 339
Parcel, USPS or courier S S 339
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

Tennessee

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 89 100.0 2,263 100.0 3,771 100.0 1,389
Single modes 75 84.5 2,263 100.0 3,771 100.0 1,600
Truck S S S S S S 1,326
For-hire truck S S S S S S 1,326
Private truck
Rail 63 70.9 2,256 99.7 3,760 99.7 1,627
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 1,947
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 1,350
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 1,350
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

Texas

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 658 100.0 55,108 100.0 75,682 100.0 1,049
Single modes 628 95.4 55,107 100.0 75,680 100.0 1,134
Truck 99 15.1 512 0.9 503 0.7 1,015
For-hire truck 98 14.8 S S S S 1,062
Private truck S S S S S S 752
Rail 528 80.2 54,595 99.1 75,178 99.3 1,287
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 2,425
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 30 4.6 S S S S 1,016
Parcel, USPS or courier 19 2.9 1,016
Truck and rail S S S S S S 1,576
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

Utah

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 375 100.0 5,082 100.0 S S 319
Single modes 344 91.8 5,080 100.0 S S 333
Truck 264 70.3 1,424 28.0 S S 351
For-hire truck 120 32.1 814 16.0 286 10.1 358
Private truck 143 38.2 610 12.0 199 7.0 341
Rail S S S S S S 259
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 572
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes S S 1 306
Parcel, USPS or courier S S 1 306
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 309

Vermont

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes S S S S S S 1,895
Single modes S S S S S S 2,503
Truck S S S S S S 2,048
For-hire truck S S S S S S 2,048
Private truck
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 2,618
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 1,866
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 1,866
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

Virginia

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 28 100.0 29 100.0 54 100.0 1,684
Single modes 10 36.1 S S S S 1,913
Truck 9 33.4 22 75.6 40 73.6 1,834
For-hire truck 9 33.4 22 75.6 40 73.6 1,834
Private truck
Rail S S S S S S 2,044
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 2,053
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 18 63.9 S S S S 1,682
Parcel, USPS or courier 18 63.9 S S S S 1,682
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

Washington

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 102 100.0 S S S S 1,191
Single modes 71 69.7 S S S S 1,152
Truck 29 28.8 41 1.5 40 1.4 949
For-hire truck 26 25.2 41 1.5 40 1.4 948
Private truck S S S S S S 966
Rail S S S S S S 1,263
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 2,539
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 1,192
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 1,192
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 952

West Virginia

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes S S S S S S 1,538
Single modes S S S S S S 1,693
Truck S S S S S S 1,613
For-hire truck S S S S S S 1,613
Private truck
Rail S S S S S S 1,751
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 1,524
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 1,524
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

Wisconsin

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 247 100.0 22,932 100.0 28,427 100.0 1,046
Single modes 208 84.2 22,932 100.0 28,426 100.0 1,200
Truck 22 9.0 74 0.3 80 0.3 1,124
For-hire truck 22 8.8 73 0.3 79 0.3 1,126
Private truck S S S S S S 1,088
Rail 185 75.0 22,858 99.7 28,346 99.7 1,264
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 2,547
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 1,051
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 1,051
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 919

Wyoming

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 4,568 100.0 50,599 100.0 4,642 100.0 56
Single modes 4,047 88.6 36,548 72.2 4,210 90.7 41
Truck 3,698 80.9 19,717 39.0 1,208 26.0 41
For-hire truck 816 17.9 6,786 13.4 535 11.5 111
Private truck 2,882 63.1 12,931 25.6 673 14.5 34
Rail 109 2.4 14,708 29.1 2,745 59.1 138
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 2,823
Pipeline3 S S S S S S S
Multiple modes 188 4.1 S S S S 123
Parcel, USPS or courier 127 2.8 4 1 123
Truck and rail S S S S S S 117
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes S S S S S S 41
Other and unknown modes 333 7.3 S S 247 5.3 19

KEY:
– Represents data cell equal to zero or less than 1 unit of measure.
S Estimate does not meet publication standards because of high sampling variability or poor response quality.

1 Estimates represent activity for a given mode across single and multiple mode shipments. For example, "Truck" ton-miles includes total ton-miles for shipments moving only by truck plus ton-miles for truck segments of multiple mode shipments.
2 Ton-miles estimates are based on estimated distances traveled along a modeled transportation network. See "Mileage Calculations" section for additional information.
3 Estimates for pipeline exclude shipments of crude petroleum.

NOTES: Value-of-shipments estimates have not been adjusted for price changes. Appendix B tables provide estimated measures of sampling variability. The Introduction and appendixes give information on confidentiality protection, sampling error, nonsampling error, sample design, and definitions. Links to this information on the Internet may be found at www.census.gov/cfs. Coverage for the 2002 Commodity Flow Survey (CFS) differs from the previous surveys due to a change from the 1987 Standard Industrial Classification System to the 1997 North American Industry Classification System and other survey improvements. Therefore, data users are urged to use caution when comparing 2002 CFS estimates with estimates from prior years.

SOURCE: Bureau of Transportation Statistics (USDOT) and U.S. Census Bureau, 2002 Commodity Flow Survey, Individual State Data, December 2004.