Table 15 - Shipment Characteristics by Origin State and Mode of Transportation for State of Destination: 2002

Table 15 - Shipment Characteristics by Origin State and Mode of Transportation for State of Destination: 2002

[Estimates are based on data from the Commodity Flow Survey. Because of rounding, estimates may not be additive]

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Total

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 15,548 100.0 68,986 100.0 11,717 100.0 556
Single modes 11,224 72.2 54,620 79.2 11,079 94.6 281
Truck 10,174 65.4 35,003 50.7 5,824 49.7 225
For-hire truck 4,338 27.9 10,071 14.6 2,071 17.7 585
Private truck 5,767 37.1 24,873 36.1 3,718 31.7 109
Rail S S 16,675 24.2 S S 1,139
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) 110 0.7 3 S S 1,639
Pipeline3 272 1.8 S S S S S
Multiple modes 1,668 10.7 S S 249 2.1 845
Parcel, USPS or courier 1,606 10.3 65 62 0.5 845
Truck and Rail S S S S S S 231
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes S S S S S S 41
Other and unknown modes S S S S 390 3.3 S

Alabama

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes S S S S S S 1,718
Single modes S S S S S S 1,938
Truck S S S S S S 1,662
For-hire truck S S S S S S 1,662
Private truck
Rail S S S S S S 2,041
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 1,636
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 1,636
Truck and Rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

Alaska

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes S S S S S S 1,685
Single modes S S S S S S 2,197
Truck
For-hire truck
Private truck
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 2,197
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 1,002
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 1,002
Truck and Rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

Arizona

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 30 100.0 5 100.0 4 100.0 1,020
Single modes S S 5 96.7 4 96.3 956
Truck S S 5 96.7 4 96.3 956
For-hire truck S S S S S S 948
Private truck S S S S S S 982
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 20 67.5 3.3 3.7 1,042
Parcel, USPS or courier 20 67.5 3.3 3.7 1,042
Truck and Rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

Arkansas

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 35 100.0 S S S S 1,167
Single modes S S S S S S 1,331
Truck S S S S S S 1,277
For-hire truck S S S S S S 1,167
Private truck S S S S S S 1,332
Rail S S S S S S 1,214
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 2,282
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 1,137
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 1,137
Truck and Rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

California

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 214 100.0 43 100.0 45 100.0 1,081
Single modes 105 49.0 41 94.0 42 94.0 1,359
Truck 102 47.6 41 93.7 42 93.3 1,025
For-hire truck 97 45.4 40 91.7 41 91.1 1,015
Private truck S S S S S S 1,046
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) 3 1.5 S S S S 2,952
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 108 50.4 2 5.6 3 5.6 1,055
Parcel, USPS or courier 108 50.4 2 5.6 3 5.6 1,055
Truck and Rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 1,089

Colorado

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 2,403 100.0 S S S S 248
Single modes 2,013 83.8 S S S S 215
Truck 1,924 80.1 S S S S 201
For-hire truck 742 30.9 653 7.9 130 6.6 242
Private truck 1,178 49.0 S S S S 185
Rail 76 3.1 159 1.9 34 1.7 179
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 465
Pipeline3 S S S S S S S
Multiple modes 334 13.9 5 1 298
Parcel, USPS or courier 334 13.9 5 1 298
Truck and Rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 260

Connecticut

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 8 100.0 S S S S 2,151
Single modes S S S S S S 2,293
Truck S S S S S S 2,293
For-hire truck S S S S S S 2,293
Private truck
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 2,146
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 2,146
Truck and Rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

Delaware

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes S S S S S S 2,024
Single modes S S S S S S 2,048
Truck S S S S S S 2,048
For-hire truck S S S S S S 2,048
Private truck
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 2,048
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 1,856
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 1,856
Truck and Rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

District of Columbia

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes
Single modes
Truck
For-hire truck
Private truck
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes
Parcel, USPS or courier
Truck and Rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

Florida

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes S S S S S S 2,178
Single modes S S S S S S 2,099
Truck 13 18.8 S S S S 2,093
For-hire truck 9 13.2 S S S S 2,100
Private truck S S S S S S 1,965
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 2,451
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 2,193
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 2,193
Truck and Rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

Georgia

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 42 100.0 S S S S 1,731
Single modes 10 22.8 S S S S 1,997
Truck 9 22.2 S S S S 1,848
For-hire truck 9 22.2 S S S S 1,848
Private truck
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 2,210
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 33 77.2 S S S S 1,727
Parcel, USPS or courier 33 77.2 S S S S 1,727
Truck and Rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

Hawaii

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes S S S S S S 4,207
Single modes S S S S S S 4,665
Truck
For-hire truck
Private truck
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 4,665
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 3,701
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 3,701
Truck and Rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

Idaho

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 277 100.0 474 100.0 S S S
Single modes 255 92.2 471 99.4 S S S
Truck 239 86.4 464 97.9 S S 164
For-hire truck S S 61 12.8 18 12.2 177
Private truck 177 64.0 403 85.0 S S 159
Rail S S S S S S 176
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 2,093
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 15 5.6 407
Parcel, USPS or courier 15 5.6 407
Truck and Rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 259

Illinois

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 284 100.0 160 100.0 190 100.0 1,175
Single modes 255 89.8 159 99.2 189 99.3 1,090
Truck 248 87.2 148 92.2 S S 1,063
For-hire truck 210 73.9 S S S S 1,132
Private truck S S S S S S 940
Rail S S S S S S 1,274
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 1,758
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 1,185
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 1,185
Truck and Rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 1,122

Indiana

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes S S 4 100.0 5 100.0 1,305
Single modes 10 14.8 3 75.3 4 71.3 1,430
Truck 9 14.0 3 75.2 4 71.3 1,285
For-hire truck 6 8.6 3 72.0 4 68.0 1,260
Private truck S S S S S S 1,440
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 1,904
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 1,298
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 1,298
Truck and Rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 1,239

Iowa

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes S S 86 100.0 65 100.0 774
Single modes 41 28.7 80 93.8 60 91.5 780
Truck 38 26.6 73 85.6 53 80.7 779
For-hire truck 36 25.1 S S S S 773
Private truck S S S S S S 818
Rail S S S S S S 997
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 768
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 768
Truck and Rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 1,125

Kansas

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 80 100.0 S S S S 758
Single modes 61 76.4 S S S S 1,222
Truck 55 68.6 S S S S 850
For-hire truck 43 54.3 S S S S 862
Private truck 11 14.3 11 14.9 7 19.4 637
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 1,866
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 693
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 693
Truck and Rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 791

Kentucky

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes S S 7 100.0 9 100.0 1,346
Single modes S S S S S S 1,420
Truck S S S S S S 1,420
For-hire truck S S S S S S 1,420
Private truck S S S S S S 1,507
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 6 6.6 7.2 1 7.6 1,339
Parcel, USPS or courier 6 6.6 7.2 1 7.6 1,339
Truck and Rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 1,506

Louisiana

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 40 100.0 23 100.0 37 100.0 1,584
Single modes 21 52.2 S S S S 1,567
Truck 9 23.4 S S S S 1,555
For-hire truck S S S S S S 1,572
Private truck S S S S S S 1,431
Rail S S S S S S 1,620
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 1,584
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 1,584
Truck and Rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

Maine

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes S S S S S S 2,443
Single modes S S S S S S 2,258
Truck S S S S S S 2,258
For-hire truck
Private truck S S S S S S 2,258
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 2,469
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 2,469
Truck and Rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

Maryland

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes S S S S S S 2,002
Single modes S S S S S S 1,685
Truck S S S S S S 1,685
For-hire truck S S S S S S 1,685
Private truck
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 2,005
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 2,005
Truck and Rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

Massachusetts

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes S S 1 100.0 1 100.0 2,284
Single modes S S 71.5 1 69.7 2,054
Truck S S 71.4 1 69.6 1,980
For-hire truck S S 71.4 1 69.6 1,980
Private truck
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 2,479
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes S S 28.5 30.3 2,296
Parcel, USPS or courier S S 28.5 30.3 2,296
Truck and Rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

Michigan

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes S S S S S S 1,296
Single modes S S S S S S 1,322
Truck S S S S S S 1,297
For-hire truck S S S S S S 1,294
Private truck S S S S S S 1,404
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 1,727
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 1,290
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 1,290
Truck and Rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 1,317

Minnesota

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 110 100.0 54 100.0 43 100.0 734
Single modes 86 78.3 53 97.2 42 97.3 761
Truck 85 77.1 S S 20 46.1 752
For-hire truck 82 74.5 S S S S 795
Private truck S S S S S S 574
Rail 1 0.7 21 38.0 22 50.0 1,052
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 1,433
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 23 21.2 S S S S 733
Parcel, USPS or courier 23 21.2 S S S S 733
Truck and Rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 880

Mississippi

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes S S S S S S 1,302
Single modes S S S S S S 1,441
Truck S S S S S S 1,441
For-hire truck S S S S S S 1,441
Private truck
Rail S S S S S S 1,439
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 1,291
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 1,291
Truck and Rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

Missouri

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 132 100.0 S S S S 986
Single modes 55 41.7 S S S S 952
Truck 44 33.2 S S S S 952
For-hire truck 36 27.5 S S S S 947
Private truck S S S S S S 1,077
Rail S S S S S S 989
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 2,073
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 999
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 999
Truck and Rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

Montana

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 639 100.0 888 100.0 283 100.0 242
Single modes 557 87.1 884 99.6 282 99.7 228
Truck 556 87.0 872 98.2 273 96.7 227
For-hire truck 97 15.2 152 17.2 45 15.8 244
Private truck 446 69.7 676 76.1 S S 221
Rail S S S S S S 724
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 2,688
Pipeline3 S S S S S S S
Multiple modes 67 10.4 3 0.4 1 0.3 268
Parcel, USPS or courier 67 10.4 3 0.4 1 0.3 268
Truck and Rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S 131

Nebraska

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 215 100.0 50 100.0 18 100.0 587
Single modes 141 65.9 47 94.4 18 97.8 1,161
Truck 137 63.9 47 94.4 18 97.4 220
For-hire truck 52 24.3 24 48.2 S S 467
Private truck S S S S 4 23.3 S
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 2,044
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 280
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 280
Truck and Rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 49

Nevada

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 74 100.0 128 100.0 74 100.0 861
Single modes 38 51.1 126 98.8 73 98.3 1,032
Truck S S 53 41.2 28 37.3 835
For-hire truck S S 52 41.1 28 37.2 846
Private truck S S S S S S 689
Rail 4 4.8 73 57.6 45 61.0 616
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 1,235
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 36 48.9 1 1.2 1 1.7 813
Parcel, USPS or courier 36 48.9 1 1.2 1 1.7 813
Truck and Rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

New Hampshire

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes S S S S S S 2,192
Single modes S S S S S S 2,029
Truck S S S S S S 2,029
For-hire truck S S S S S S 2,029
Private truck
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 2,195
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 2,195
Truck and Rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

New Jersey

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 31 100.0 1 100.0 1 100.0 1,933
Single modes S S S S S S 1,968
Truck S S S S S S 1,948
For-hire truck S S S S S S 1,948
Private truck
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 2,116
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 27 89.0 S S S S 1,932
Parcel, USPS or courier 27 89.0 S S S S 1,932
Truck and Rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

New Mexico

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 34 100.0 S S 12 100.0 847
Single modes 30 89.7 S S 12 99.7 1,023
Truck S S S S 12 97.5 690
For-hire truck S S 4 22.5 S S 690
Private truck S S S S S S 710
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 1,923
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes S S 0.4 0.3 645
Parcel, USPS or courier S S 0.4 0.3 645
Truck and Rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

New York

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 34 100.0 S S S S 1,916
Single modes S S S S S S 1,861
Truck S S S S S S 1,857
For-hire truck S S S S S S 1,869
Private truck S S S S S S 1,774
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 2,210
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 19 56.3 10.8 1 10.2 1,935
Parcel, USPS or courier 19 56.3 10.8 1 10.2 1,935
Truck and Rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

North Carolina

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes S S S S S S 1,939
Single modes S S S S S S 1,868
Truck S S S S S S 1,868
For-hire truck S S S S S S 1,868
Private truck S S S S S S 1,876
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes S S 1.3 1.5 2,013
Parcel, USPS or courier S S 1.3 1.5 2,013
Truck and Rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

North Dakota

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 36 100.0 S S S S 700
Single modes 32 87.5 S S S S 601
Truck 24 67.0 S S S S 589
For-hire truck S S S S S S 706
Private truck 21 58.8 7 14.7 S S 546
Rail S S S S S S 848
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 773
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 773
Truck and Rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

Ohio

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 314 100.0 S S S S 1,432
Single modes 300 95.7 S S S S 1,479
Truck 300 95.4 S S S S 1,424
For-hire truck S S 45 48.5 63 47.5 1,420
Private truck S S S S S S 1,475
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 1,723
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 14 4.3 S S S S 1,417
Parcel, USPS or courier 14 4.3 S S S S 1,417
Truck and Rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 1,219

Oklahoma

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes S S S S S S 1,096
Single modes S S S S S S 1,157
Truck S S 74 58.1 76 56.0 1,074
For-hire truck S S S S S S 1,076
Private truck S S S S S S 990
Rail S S S S S S 1,097
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 2,214
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 1,056
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 1,056
Truck and Rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

Oregon

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 63 100.0 18 100.0 19 100.0 1,264
Single modes 48 76.3 18 97.5 19 97.8 1,616
Truck 47 74.0 18 97.5 19 97.7 1,070
For-hire truck 44 69.6 14 80.4 15 77.8 1,068
Private truck S S S S S S 1,159
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 2,227
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 15 23.7 2.5 2.2 1,041
Parcel, USPS or courier 15 23.7 2.5 2.2 1,041
Truck and Rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

Pennsylvania

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 85 100.0 25 100.0 44 100.0 1,800
Single modes 74 86.8 25 98.8 43 98.8 1,810
Truck 70 82.1 S S S S 1,768
For-hire truck 70 82.1 S S S S 1,768
Private truck
Rail S S S S S S 1,813
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 2,004
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 11 13.0 S S S S 1,796
Parcel, USPS or courier 11 13.0 S S S S 1,796
Truck and Rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 1,683

Rhode Island

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes S S S S S S 2,044
Single modes S S S S S S 1,934
Truck S S S S S S 1,934
For-hire truck S S S S S S 1,934
Private truck
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 2,057
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 2,057
Truck and Rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

South Carolina

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes S S S S S S 1,905
Single modes S S S S S S 1,801
Truck S S S S S S 1,801
For-hire truck S S S S S S 1,801
Private truck
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 1,887
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 1,887
Truck and Rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 2,081

South Dakota

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 188 100.0 680 100.0 130 100.0 230
Single modes 159 84.5 680 99.9 130 99.8 200
Truck 158 84.2 665 97.8 119 91.7 188
For-hire truck 49 26.1 377 55.5 76 58.3 356
Private truck 105 56.2 287 42.2 43 33.3 177
Rail S S S S S S 714
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 2,618
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 28 14.9 1 S S 338
Parcel, USPS or courier 28 14.9 1 S S 338
Truck and Rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 85

Tennessee

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 108 100.0 12 100.0 16 100.0 1,336
Single modes S S 10 88.9 14 89.0 1,481
Truck S S 10 88.9 14 89.0 1,336
For-hire truck S S 10 88.9 14 89.0 1,336
Private truck
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 1,757
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 21 19.3 S S S S 1,313
Parcel, USPS or courier 21 19.3 S S S S 1,313
Truck and Rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

Texas

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 299 100.0 115 100.0 131 100.0 1,139
Single modes 211 70.7 110 96.2 126 96.2 1,169
Truck 200 66.9 92 80.0 107 81.9 1,135
For-hire truck S S S S S S 1,108
Private truck S S 18 15.3 18 13.8 1,155
Rail S S S S S S 1,078
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 2,324
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 88 29.3 4 3.8 5 3.8 1,134
Parcel, USPS or courier 88 29.3 4 3.8 5 3.8 1,134
Truck and Rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

Utah

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 1,287 100.0 5,699 100.0 1,183 100.0 330
Single modes 1,160 90.1 5,679 99.7 1,178 99.5 236
Truck 1,109 86.2 4,236 74.3 928 78.4 227
For-hire truck 453 35.2 S S 219 18.5 277
Private truck 656 51.0 3,103 54.5 709 59.9 192
Rail S S S S S S 334
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 2,247
Pipeline3 S S S S S S S
Multiple modes 121 9.4 S S S S 442
Parcel, USPS or courier 120 9.4 7 0.1 3 0.2 442
Truck and Rail S S S S S S 242
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 135

Vermont

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 5 100.0 S S S S 2,075
Single modes S S S S S S 1,870
Truck S S S S S S 1,870
For-hire truck S S S S S S 1,870
Private truck
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 5 90.1 S S S S 2,076
Parcel, USPS or courier 5 90.1 S S S S 2,076
Truck and Rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

Virginia

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 27 100.0 S S S S 1,927
Single modes S S S S S S 1,687
Truck S S S S S S 1,702
For-hire truck S S S S S S 1,702
Private truck
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 1,656
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 1,939
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 1,939
Truck and Rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

Washington

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 112 100.0 30 100.0 27 100.0 936
Single modes 82 73.5 27 89.8 24 90.0 887
Truck 81 72.3 26 88.7 23 87.3 759
For-hire truck 35 31.7 S S S S 879
Private truck S S S S S S 645
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 2,688
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 952
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 952
Truck and Rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 821

West Virginia

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 14 100.0 S S S S 1,626
Single modes S S S S S S 1,537
Truck S S S S S S 1,537
For-hire truck S S S S S S 1,537
Private truck
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 1,632
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 1,632
Truck and Rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

Wisconsin

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 97 100.0 S S S S 1,042
Single modes 90 92.7 S S S S 1,034
Truck 86 88.6 S S S S 1,004
For-hire truck S S S S S S 1,048
Private truck S S S S S S 857
Rail S S S S S S 1,305
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 1,930
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 7 7.3 S S S S 1,045
Parcel, USPS or courier 7 7.3 S S S S 1,045
Truck and Rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

Wyoming

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 4,568 100.0 50,599 100.0 4,642 100.0 56
Single modes 4,047 88.6 36,548 72.2 4,210 90.7 41
Truck 3,698 80.9 19,717 39.0 1,208 26.0 41
For-hire truck 816 17.9 6,786 13.4 535 11.5 111
Private truck 2,882 63.1 12,931 25.6 673 14.5 34
Rail 109 2.4 14,708 29.1 2,745 59.1 138
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 2,823
Pipeline3 S S S S S S S
Multiple modes 188 4.1 S S S S 123
Parcel, USPS or courier 127 2.8 4 1 123
Truck and Rail S S S S S S 117
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes S S S S S S 41
Other and unknown modes 333 7.3 S S 247 5.3 19

KEY:
– Represents data cell equal to zero or less than 1 unit of measure.
S Estimate does not meet publication standards because of high sampling variability or poor response quality.

1 Estimates represent activity for a given mode across single and multiple mode shipments. For example, "Truck" ton-miles includes total ton-miles for shipments moving only by truck plus ton-miles for truck segments of multiple mode shipments.
2 Ton-miles estimates are based on estimated distances traveled along a modeled transportation network. See "Mileage Calculations" section for additional information.
3 Estimates for pipeline exclude shipments of crude petroleum.

NOTES: Value-of-shipments estimates have not been adjusted for price changes. Appendix B tables provide estimated measures of sampling variability. The Introduction and appendixes give information on confidentiality protection, sampling error, nonsampling error, sample design, and definitions. Links to this information on the Internet may be found at www.census.gov/cfs. Coverage for the 2002 Commodity Flow Survey (CFS) differs from the previous surveys due to a change from the 1987 Standard Industrial Classification System to the 1997 North American Industry Classification System and other survey improvements. Therefore, data users are urged to use caution when comparing 2002 CFS estimates with estimates from prior years.

SOURCE: Bureau of Transportation Statistics (USDOT) and U.S. Census Bureau, 2002 Commodity Flow Survey, Individual State Data, December 2004.