Table 20 - Shipment Characteristics by Commodity Group and Mode of Transportation for State of Origin: 2002 and 1997

Table 20 - Shipment Characteristics by Commodity Group and Mode of Transportation for State of Origin: 2002 and 1997

[Estimates are based on data from the Commodity Flow Survey. Because of rounding, estimates may not be additive]

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All Commodities2

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles per shipment
2002
(million $)
1997
(million $)
Percent Change 1997-2002 2002
(thousands)
1997
(thousands)
Percent Change 1997-2002 2002
(millions)
1997
(millions)
Percent change 1997-2002 2002 (average miles) 1997 (average miles) Percent change 1997-2002
All modes 12,106 9,174 32 401,092 274,251 46.3 421,230 276,172 52.5 589 S S
Single modes 10,005 7,765 28.8 364,696 234,108 55.8 381,070 240,157 58.7 165 130 27.1
Truck 5,675 4,207 34.9 30,721 21,079 45.7 5,740 4,334 32.4 110 87 26.2
Rail 3,649 3,306 10.4 329,697 212,398 55.2 374,875 235,753 59 1,107 1,167 −5.2
Water
Air (including truck and air) 19 S S S S S S S S 2,437 1,540 58.2
Pipeline S S S 4,278 S S S S S S S S
Multiple modes 1,734 1,047 65.6 S 24,641 S S 35,765 S 962 S S
Parcel, USPS or courier S 838 S 23 S S 21 18 22.4 961 S S
Truck and Rail 45 71 −36.7 S S S S S S 1,605 1,597 0.5
Other multiple modes S 138 S S 24,419 S S 35,488 S 1,664 1,419 17.3
Other and unknown modes 367 362 1.5 S S S 265 S S S S S

SCTG 01-05, Agriculture products and fish

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles per shipment
2002
(million $)
1997
(million $)
Percent Change 1997-2002 2002
(thousands)
1997
(thousands)
Percent Change 1997-2002 2002
(millions)
1997
(millions)
Percent change 1997-2002 2002 (average miles) 1997 (average miles) Percent change 1997-2002
All modes 52 25 106.5 290 S S 97 123 −21.6 S S S
Single modes 50 21 136.2 289 S S 97 75 29.4 S S S
Truck S S S S S S 15 S S S 32 S
Rail S 10 S S S S 82 70 16 1,203 536 124.5
Water
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline S S S S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 793
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 793
Truck and Rail
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S S S S 10 964 −99

SCTG 06-09, Grains, alcohol, and tobacco products

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles per shipment
2002
(million $)
1997
(million $)
Percent Change 1997-2002 2002
(thousands)
1997
(thousands)
Percent Change 1997-2002 2002
(millions)
1997
(millions)
Percent change 1997-2002 2002 (average miles) 1997 (average miles) Percent change 1997-2002
All modes 460 417 10.2 544 565 −3.8 179 341 −47.5 S S S
Single modes 460 417 10.1 543 565 −4 178 341 −47.7 S S S
Truck 435 346 25.7 496 417 19.1 120 181 −33.5 S S S
Rail 25 72 −65.4 47 149 −68.7 58 161 −63.7 1,256 1,084 15.8
Water
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline S S S S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S S S S 1,667 742 124.7
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S S S S 1,667 742 124.7
Truck and Rail
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 963

SCTG 10-14, Stones, non-metallic minerals, and metallic ores

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles per shipment
2002
(million $)
1997
(million $)
Percent Change 1997-2002 2002
(thousands)
1997
(thousands)
Percent Change 1997-2002 2002
(millions)
1997
(millions)
Percent change 1997-2002 2002 (average miles) 1997 (average miles) Percent change 1997-2002
All modes 388 464 −16.4 10,246 7,732 32.5 7,074 5,944 19 366 408 −10.3
Single modes 383 462 −17.1 9,922 7,696 28.9 7,017 5,933 18.3 369 410 −10
Truck 139 140 −0.6 4,676 S S S 555 S S S S
Rail S 322 S S 4,716 S S 5,378 S 1,178 1,419 −17
Water
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline S S S S S S S S S S
Multiple modes 3 S S 26 S S 41 S S 1,596 1,417 12.6
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 1,417
Truck and Rail 3 22 36 1,610
Other multiple modes S S S S S S 1,188
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S S S S S S S

SCTG 15-19, Coal and petroleum products

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles per shipment
2002
(million $)
1997
(million $)
Percent Change 1997-2002 2002
(thousands)
1997
(thousands)
Percent Change 1997-2002 2002
(millions)
1997
(millions)
Percent change 1997-2002 2002 (average miles) 1997 (average miles) Percent change 1997-2002
All modes 5,833 3,638 60.4 374,361 250,922 49.2 405,063 255,706 58.4 138 177 −21.9
Single modes 5,458 3,231 69 338,438 211,127 60.3 365,076 220,066 65.9 149 176 −15.7
Truck 1,917 1,024 87.3 16,287 12,674 28.5 1,810 1,537 17.8 80 115 −30.8
Rail 2,935 1,980 48.2 319,949 197,857 61.7 363,034 218,487 66.2 961 790 21.6
Water
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline S S S S S S S S S S S S
Multiple modes S 137 S S 24,414 S S 35,482 S 904 S S
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S S S S 409 S S
Truck and Rail S S S S S S S S S 117 213 −45.1
Other multiple modes S 137 S S 24,408 S S 35,481 S 1,675 1,459 14.8
Other and unknown modes 154 269 −42.9 S S S 240 S S 21 29 −26.9

SCTG 20-24, Pharmaceutical and chemical products

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles per shipment
2002
(million $)
1997
(million $)
Percent Change 1997-2002 2002
(thousands)
1997
(thousands)
Percent Change 1997-2002 2002
(millions)
1997
(millions)
Percent change 1997-2002 2002 (average miles) 1997 (average miles) Percent change 1997-2002
All modes 1,620 1,710 −5.2 11,471 12,432 −7.7 7,378 13,058 −43.5 251 S S
Single modes 1,538 1,600 −3.9 11,419 12,238 −6.7 7,297 12,768 −42.8 207 S S
Truck 1,101 763 44.3 5,412 3,462 56.3 1,473 1,604 −8.1 123 S S
Rail 433 826 −47.6 4,515 8,741 −48.3 5,649 11,138 −49.3 1,233 1,301 −5.3
Water
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 2,452
Pipeline S S S S S S S S S S S S
Multiple modes 77 90 −14.8 48 S S 80 S S 509 1,029 −50.5
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S 1 S S 1 S S 492 997 −50.6
Truck and Rail 23 71 −68 46 S S 79 S S 1,694 1,645 2.9
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes 6 S S S S S S S S S S S

SCTG 25-30, Logs, wood products, and textile and leather

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles per shipment
2002
(million $)
1997
(million $)
Percent Change 1997-2002 2002
(thousands)
1997
(thousands)
Percent Change 1997-2002 2002
(millions)
1997
(millions)
Percent change 1997-2002 2002 (average miles) 1997 (average miles) Percent change 1997-2002
All modes 666 S S 875 769 13.8 573 427 34.2 786 S S
Single modes 295 S S 856 726 17.9 562 417 34.7 124 S S
Truck 274 S S S 622 S S 275 S 119 S S
Rail 21 28 −24 60 104 −42.1 81 142 −43.3 1,340 1,347 −0.6
Water
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S S S S 2,102 1,675 25.5
Pipeline S S S S S S
Multiple modes 359 224 60.1 9 S S 9 9 −0.5 891 S S
Parcel, USPS or courier 359 224 60.2 9 S S 9 8 7.8 891 S S
Truck and Rail S S S S S S 719
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes 11 S S S S S S S S 419 S S

SCTG 31-34, Base metal and machinery

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles per shipment
2002
(million $)
1997
(million $)
Percent Change 1997-2002 2002
(thousands)
1997
(thousands)
Percent Change 1997-2002 2002
(millions)
1997
(millions)
Percent change 1997-2002 2002 (average miles) 1997 (average miles) Percent change 1997-2002
All modes 1,406 885 59 2,703 1,356 99.4 383 546 −29.8 213 166 28
Single modes 1,257 759 65.6 2,656 1,341 98.1 377 537 −29.8 S S S
Truck 1,230 681 80.5 2,497 683 265.8 273 163 67.6 67 S S
Rail 25 69 −64.5 158 658 −76 102 374 −72.7 660 844 −21.8
Water
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S S S S 2,801 1,492 87.8
Pipeline S S S S S S
Multiple modes 95 S S 3 S S 2 S S 580 670 −13.4
Parcel, USPS or courier 95 S S 3 S S 2 S S 580 670 −13.4
Truck and Rail
Other multiple modes S S S S S S 704
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S S S S S S S

SCTG 35-38, Electronic, motorized vehicles, and precision instruments

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles per shipment
2002
(million $)
1997
(million $)
Percent Change 1997-2002 2002
(thousands)
1997
(thousands)
Percent Change 1997-2002 2002
(millions)
1997
(millions)
Percent change 1997-2002 2002 (average miles) 1997 (average miles) Percent change 1997-2002
All modes S 366 S 56 11 406.1 13 S S 875 487 79.5
Single modes 265 S S 40 S S 7 1 S 209 89 135.9
Truck 255 S S 40 S S 7 S S 155 73 112.4
Rail
Water
Air (including truck and air) 9 S S S S S S S S 2,333 1,702 37.1
Pipeline S S S S S S S S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S S S S 1,123 997 12.6
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S S S S 1,123 997 12.6
Truck and Rail
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes 107 S S 10 S S S S S S S S

SCTG 39-43, Furniture, mixed freight and misc. manufactured products

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles per shipment
2002
(million $)
1997
(million $)
Percent Change 1997-2002 2002
(thousands)
1997
(thousands)
Percent Change 1997-2002 2002
(millions)
1997
(millions)
Percent change 1997-2002 2002 (average miles) 1997 (average miles) Percent change 1997-2002
All modes 440 318 38.5 S 40 S S 12 S 653 458 42.8
Single modes 282 95 197.3 S 37 S S 10 S 124 S S
Truck 275 95 189.9 S 35 S S 7 S 95 S S
Rail S S S S S S 1,405
Water
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 2,245
Pipeline S S S S S S
Multiple modes 127 S S S 3 S S 2 S 1,104 789 40
Parcel, USPS or courier 112 S S 4 3 48.1 4 2 130.2 1,104 789 40
Truck and Rail S S S S S S 1,116
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S S S S S 51 S

Commodity Unknown

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles per shipment
2002
(million $)
1997
(million $)
Percent Change 1997-2002 2002
(thousands)
1997
(thousands)
Percent Change 1997-2002 2002
(millions)
1997
(millions)
Percent change 1997-2002 2002 (average miles) 1997 (average miles) Percent change 1997-2002
All modes 19 S S S S S S S S 294 736 −60.1
Single modes 17 S S S S S S S S S 137 S
Truck S S S S S S S S S S 137 S
Rail S S S S S S 1,245
Water
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline S S S S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S S S 478 855 −44.1
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S S S 478 855 −44.1
Truck and Rail
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 4

KEY:
– Represents data cell equal to zero or less than 1 unit of measure.
S Estimate does not meet publication standards because of high sampling variability or poor response quality.

1 Ton-miles estimates are based on estimated distances traveled along a modeled transportation network. See "Mileage Calculations" section for additional information.
2 Estimates exclude shipments of crude petroleum (SCTG 16).

NOTES: Value-of-shipments estimates have not been adjusted for price changes. Appendix B tables provide estimated measures of sampling variability. The Introduction and appendixes give information on confidentiality protection, sampling error, nonsampling error, sample design, and definitions. Links to this information on the Internet may be found at www.census.gov/cfs. Coverage for the 2002 Commodity Flow Survey (CFS) differs from the previous surveys due to a change from the 1987 Standard Industrial Classification System to the 1997 North American Industry Classification System and other survey improvements. Therefore, data users are urged to use caution when comparing 2002 CFS estimates with estimates from prior years.

SOURCE: Bureau of Transportation Statistics (USDOT) and U.S. Census Bureau, 2002 Commodity Flow Survey, Individual State Data, December 2004.