Table B-13 - Estimated Measures of Reliability for Shipment Characteristics by Destination and Mode of Transportation for State of Origin: 2002

Table B-13 - Estimated Measures of Reliability for Shipment Characteristics by Destination and Mode of Transportation for State of Origin: 2002

[Estimates are based on data from the Commodity Flow Survey. Because of rounding, estimates may not be additive]

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Total

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes 9.5 15.2 21.5 20.3
Single modes 6.1 3.8 12.7 3.1 16.0 3.9 14.7
Truck 5.5 3.6 11.3 1.3 15.9 0.4 11.9
For-hire truck 10.0 1.7 17.4 0.5 18.8 0.3 10.8
Private truck 7.3 3.0 13.7 1.0 23.3 0.1 13.5
Rail 11.4 3.2 14.1 3.5 16.3 3.7 2.7
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) 45.8 S S S S 13.2
Pipeline S S 38.5 0.5 S S S
Multiple modes 45.4 3.9 S S S S 12.2
Parcel, USPS or courier S S 28.8 34.2 12.3
Truck and rail 34.5 0.1 S S S S 21.5
Truck and water
Rail and water S S S S S S 28.1
Other Multiple modes S S S S S S 31.6
Other and unknown modes 22.7 0.8 S S 35.9 S

Alabama

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes 18.8 28.0 27.9 9.4
Single modes 20.3 10.7 28.0 10.5 27.9 10.5 11.5
Truck S S S S S S 23.6
For-hire truck S S S S S S 23.6
Private truck
Rail 24.1 13.5 28.1 14.9 28.0 14.9 15.1
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 27.9
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 12.7
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 12.7
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

Alaska

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes S S S S S S 27.7
Single modes S S S S S S 31.6
Truck S S S S S S 31.6
For-hire truck S S S S S S 31.6
Private truck
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 31.6
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 25.0
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 25.0
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

Arizona

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes 26.0 38.4 39.3 3.8
Single modes 29.7 11.6 38.4 13.3 39.3 13.0 11.5
Truck 23.6 10.9 S S S S 11.6
For-hire truck 23.7 11.1 S S S S 11.5
Private truck S S S S S S 30.1
Rail S S S S 48.9 15.1 26.4
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 28.0
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes S S 38.0 13.3 33.1 13.0 11.2
Parcel, USPS or courier S S 38.0 13.3 33.1 13.0 11.2
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 29.8

Arkansas

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes 19.1 23.9 24.8 5.7
Single modes 20.0 2.9 24.0 24.8 5.0
Truck 44.4 7.2 43.4 3.7 40.1 4.2 19.2
For-hire truck 40.0 6.3 S S 49.0 4.2 18.8
Private truck S S S S S S 31.6
Rail 21.1 7.0 24.0 3.7 24.8 4.2 2.2
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 24.3
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 26.1
Truck and rail S S S S S S 31.6
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 31.6

California

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes 11.5 19.8 20.0 2.2
Single modes 13.3 6.5 20.2 1.4 20.4 1.4 3.2
Truck 27.1 11.1 41.8 11.6 47.2 11.6 3.1
For-hire truck 27.3 11.2 42.2 11.6 47.6 11.6 3.3
Private truck S S S S S S 27.9
Rail 31.6 11.0 26.8 11.9 26.7 11.9 10.9
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 28.7
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes 39.4 6.5 S S S S 2.6
Parcel, USPS or courier 39.9 6.4 37.2 37.7 2.6
Truck and rail S S S S S S 31.6
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 29.8

Colorado

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes 15.0 19.4 23.5 5.7
Single modes 14.2 3.2 19.5 0.5 23.5 0.3 9.0
Truck 17.7 7.3 25.7 13.0 33.9 13.9 7.4
For-hire truck 19.3 4.4 34.4 5.8 45.2 7.6 8.5
Private truck 26.2 6.2 20.8 7.6 28.0 7.6 12.4
Rail 34.9 7.3 27.5 13.2 27.6 14.1 10.9
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 29.1
Pipeline S S S S S S S
Multiple modes 39.1 2.9 39.5 33.5 14.5
Parcel, USPS or courier 39.1 2.9 39.5 33.5 14.5
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 28.4

Connecticut

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes S S S S S S 19.0
Single modes 46.2 13.9 S S S S 23.7
Truck S S S S S S 27.9
For-hire truck S S S S S S 27.9
Private truck
Rail S S S S S S 31.6
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 31.6
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 28.0
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 28.0
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

Delaware

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes S S S S S S 28.0
Single modes S S S S S S 29.8
Truck
For-hire truck
Private truck
Rail S S S S S S 29.8
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 28.0
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 28.0
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

District of Columbia

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes S S S S S S 29.9
Single modes
Truck
For-hire truck
Private truck
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 29.9
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 29.9
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

Florida

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes S S 33.1 32.9 6.0
Single modes 36.6 18.7 33.1 0.3 32.9 0.3 1.6
Truck 47.8 6.8 S S S S 18.4
For-hire truck 48.5 6.8 S S S S 18.4
Private truck S S S S S S 31.6
Rail 44.5 16.0 34.1 12.2 33.7 12.0 10.7
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 27.9
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes S S S S 48.4 0.3 5.5
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S 48.4 0.3 5.5
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

Georgia

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes 37.3 48.0 48.0 3.0
Single modes 38.4 6.7 48.1 7.9 48.0 8.4 3.2
Truck 50.0 13.0 S S S S 15.0
For-hire truck S S S S S S 15.0
Private truck S S S S S S 31.6
Rail 45.9 15.1 48.4 15.9 48.3 16.0 10.6
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 31.6
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 15.4
Parcel, USPS or courier 46.5 3.0 41.0 41.9 15.3
Truck and rail S S S S S S 31.6
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 31.6

Hawaii

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes S S S S S S 29.8
Single modes S S S S S S 31.6
Truck
For-hire truck
Private truck
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 31.6
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 29.9
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 29.9
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

Idaho

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes 38.2 36.7 42.0 10.9
Single modes 40.0 2.7 36.7 42.0 14.0
Truck 49.4 6.7 44.4 2.2 S S 13.3
For-hire truck S S 44.8 2.0 S S 11.8
Private truck S S S S S S 27.3
Rail 33.3 8.3 28.0 10.1 40.0 4.1 15.9
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 31.6
Pipeline S S S S S S S
Multiple modes 39.1 2.7 39.4 41.8 12.0
Parcel, USPS or courier 39.1 2.7 39.4 41.8 12.0
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 28.5

Illinois

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes 37.1 46.4 45.8 7.3
Single modes 44.8 9.3 46.4 0.1 45.8 3.8
Truck S S 47.7 5.8 46.2 5.1 11.5
For-hire truck S S 47.7 5.8 46.2 5.1 11.6
Private truck S S S S S S 29.8
Rail 44.0 8.8 46.5 5.9 45.9 5.2 2.0
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 29.8
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 6.8
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 6.8
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 31.6

Indiana

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes 18.4 32.6 32.4 6.1
Single modes 24.1 9.3 32.6 32.4 2.9
Truck 47.0 5.7 47.9 0.5 45.5 0.4 15.2
For-hire truck 47.1 5.7 47.9 0.5 45.5 0.4 18.5
Private truck S S S S S S 31.6
Rail 28.5 10.6 32.6 0.5 32.5 0.4 3.6
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 16.0
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 16.0
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

Iowa

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes 28.1 31.6 34.6 10.1
Single modes 28.8 5.8 31.6 34.6 4.5
Truck 48.9 5.9 43.0 0.6 40.8 0.5 18.9
For-hire truck S S 46.2 0.6 44.2 0.5 18.9
Private truck S S S S S S 26.2
Rail 32.6 7.0 31.8 0.6 34.8 0.5 3.9
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 34.6
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 34.6
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 31.6

Kansas

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes 17.5 25.7 24.6 10.7
Single modes 17.7 0.7 25.7 24.6 9.5
Truck S S 45.3 0.3 38.5 0.2 13.8
For-hire truck S S S S 41.7 0.2 16.5
Private truck S S S S S S 31.6
Rail 17.0 4.0 25.8 0.3 24.6 0.2 4.1
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 31.6
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 18.6
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 18.6
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

Kentucky

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes 38.9 42.3 43.1 4.0
Single modes 32.1 9.5 43.4 5.4 44.7 5.5 3.2
Truck 48.0 17.8 S S S S 11.3
For-hire truck 48.8 15.8 S S S S 15.4
Private truck S S S S S S 29.8
Rail 43.0 15.3 S S S S 23.8
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 31.6
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 18.6
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 18.5
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water S S S S S S 31.6
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

Louisiana

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes S S S S S S 6.4
Single modes S S S S S S 11.6
Truck S S S S S S 25.8
For-hire truck S S S S S S 27.9
Private truck S S S S S S 31.6
Rail S S S S S S 15.2
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 29.8
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 11.9
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 11.8
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water S S S S S S 31.6
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

Maine

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes S S S S S S 21.3
Single modes S S S S S S 28.0
Truck S S S S S S 29.8
For-hire truck S S S S S S 29.8
Private truck
Rail S S S S S S 31.6
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 26.0
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 26.0
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

Maryland

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes 42.5 S S S S 11.4
Single modes S S S S S S 23.6
Truck S S S S S S 23.6
For-hire truck S S S S S S 25.9
Private truck S S S S S S 31.6
Rail S S S S S S 31.6
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 15.5
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 15.5
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 31.6

Massachusetts

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes S S S S S S 15.3
Single modes S S S S S S 27.9
Truck S S S S S S 29.8
For-hire truck S S S S S S 29.8
Private truck
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 31.6
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 18.5
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 18.5
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 31.6

Michigan

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes S S 24.4 24.4 8.4
Single modes S S 24.4 0.8 24.4 0.6 1.2
Truck 30.7 4.4 39.1 0.2 39.6 0.1 10.9
For-hire truck 33.6 4.4 40.7 0.2 43.8 0.1 11.0
Private truck S S S S S S 31.6
Rail 24.1 19.3 24.5 0.9 24.5 0.7 1.2
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 29.8
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 8.1
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 8.1
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water S S S S S S 31.6
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 27.9

Minnesota

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes 20.5 25.3 25.1 3.8
Single modes 20.9 2.7 25.3 25.1 6.1
Truck 45.2 9.8 34.8 10.5 35.0 10.5 5.1
For-hire truck 45.2 9.8 34.8 10.5 35.0 10.5 5.3
Private truck S S S S S S 31.6
Rail 22.9 9.2 25.4 10.5 25.2 10.5 10.6
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 25.9
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes 34.8 2.6 43.8 41.9 11.2
Parcel, USPS or courier 34.8 2.6 43.8 41.9 11.2
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 31.6

Mississippi

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes 39.0 S S S S 12.1
Single modes S S S S S S 28.0
Truck S S S S S S 28.0
For-hire truck S S S S S S 28.0
Private truck
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 31.6
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes 42.1 9.2 S S S S 12.2
Parcel, USPS or courier 42.1 9.2 S S S S 12.2
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

Missouri

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes 14.1 19.8 20.5 12.7
Single modes 15.7 3.9 19.8 20.5 5.7
Truck 37.4 7.5 33.2 2.0 28.7 1.6 7.1
For-hire truck 37.5 7.5 21.6 2.0 20.9 1.6 6.3
Private truck S S S S S S 31.6
Rail 19.9 8.8 19.9 2.0 20.6 1.6 3.5
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 31.6
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes 46.6 3.9 S S S S 12.9
Parcel, USPS or courier 37.1 1.4 45.4 43.0 15.0
Truck and rail S S S S S S 29.9
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

Montana

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes 18.2 48.9 43.0 10.0
Single modes 18.0 3.7 49.0 0.4 43.1 0.2 21.8
Truck 17.6 4.7 18.6 14.5 18.7 13.7 4.2
For-hire truck 22.5 6.4 19.3 11.4 19.7 11.9 6.9
Private truck 24.2 5.5 20.3 5.0 23.7 3.5 6.6
Rail S S S S S S 21.2
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 29.9
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes 37.6 3.7 31.7 38.8 9.8
Parcel, USPS or courier 37.6 3.7 31.7 38.8 9.8
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 28.2

Nebraska

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes 38.6 14.1 17.5 23.1
Single modes 41.0 5.9 14.1 17.5 27.7
Truck 30.1 12.8 S S S S 39.9
For-hire truck 35.7 10.4 S S S S 26.4
Private truck 38.4 3.7 S S S S 45.9
Rail 27.1 12.3 20.6 13.5 20.5 13.2 13.0
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline S S S S S S S
Multiple modes S S 28.2 26.9 13.8
Parcel, USPS or courier S S 28.2 26.9 13.8
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 31.6

Nevada

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes 24.9 29.2 29.4 5.8
Single modes 29.3 10.0 29.2 10.5 29.5 10.5 4.7
Truck 37.7 12.4 38.0 13.6 39.4 13.7 4.9
For-hire truck 49.3 11.5 45.4 14.5 47.6 14.6 11.8
Private truck S S S S S S 23.8
Rail S S S S S S 29.8
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 12.2
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 12.2
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 31.6

New Hampshire

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes 43.7 S S S S 18.6
Single modes S S S S S S 29.8
Truck S S S S S S 29.8
For-hire truck S S S S S S 29.8
Private truck
Rail S S S S S S 31.6
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 21.4
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 21.4
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

New Jersey

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes 24.0 21.9 21.7 4.7
Single modes 32.6 12.3 31.4 13.6 31.5 13.6 10.7
Truck 39.5 11.1 41.9 12.9 40.7 12.9 21.1
For-hire truck 39.5 11.1 41.9 12.9 40.7 12.9 21.1
Private truck
Rail 46.8 10.5 46.8 15.3 46.8 15.4 25.8
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 31.6
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes 40.1 12.3 S S S S 5.2
Parcel, USPS or courier 40.0 12.9 S S S S 11.5
Truck and rail S S S S S S 27.9
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

New Mexico

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes 41.1 S S S S 5.1
Single modes S S S S S S 6.8
Truck 32.9 12.5 S S S S 7.3
For-hire truck 31.4 9.3 S S S S 9.2
Private truck S S S S S S 24.0
Rail S S S S S S 26.0
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 31.6
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes S S 46.9 3.2 46.9 2.3 5.6
Parcel, USPS or courier S S 46.9 3.2 46.9 2.3 5.6
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

New York

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes 24.4 49.3 49.7 4.0
Single modes 44.0 14.1 S S S S 21.1
Truck S S S S S S 23.6
For-hire truck S S S S S S 23.6
Private truck S S S S S S 29.8
Rail S S S S S S 27.9
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 27.9
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes 43.9 14.1 S S S S 3.9
Parcel, USPS or courier 44.8 14.5 S S S S 4.2
Truck and rail S S S S S S 31.6
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

North Carolina

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes 21.4 43.7 43.4 5.9
Single modes 28.4 12.6 43.8 1.0 43.5 0.9 4.0
Truck 37.5 13.3 S S S S 18.5
For-hire truck 38.3 13.3 S S S S 18.5
Private truck S S S S S S 31.6
Rail S S 45.2 17.2 44.5 17.3 18.4
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes 36.7 12.6 S S S S 12.0
Parcel, USPS or courier 36.7 12.6 S S S S 12.0
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

North Dakota

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes 23.2 28.4 33.6 4.5
Single modes 28.2 7.0 28.4 0.2 33.6 0.1 7.1
Truck 29.3 8.1 30.4 5.0 36.2 5.8 7.2
For-hire truck 34.1 9.9 33.8 7.8 39.3 9.2 7.9
Private truck S S S S 47.7 8.3 22.3
Rail S S S S S S 31.6
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 6.2
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 6.2
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 31.6

Ohio

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes 28.7 37.2 37.1 5.9
Single modes 32.1 10.7 37.3 10.5 37.3 10.5 11.0
Truck 46.3 7.7 45.6 10.5 44.9 10.5 15.2
For-hire truck 47.1 7.8 S S S S 15.2
Private truck S S S S S S 31.6
Rail 37.5 12.6 37.4 14.9 37.3 14.9 15.0
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 29.8
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes S S 48.6 10.5 49.0 10.5 5.4
Parcel, USPS or courier S S 46.8 44.4 5.4
Truck and rail S S S S S S 27.9
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 31.6

Oklahoma

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes 31.0 46.7 47.6 9.9
Single modes 38.8 10.0 46.7 0.3 47.6 0.2 6.0
Truck 40.2 11.9 S S S S 18.9
For-hire truck 38.9 11.9 S S S S 18.9
Private truck S S S S S S 31.6
Rail 46.4 11.6 47.2 10.6 48.0 10.6 10.9
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 31.6
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes S S 41.6 0.3 39.2 0.2 16.2
Parcel, USPS or courier S S 41.6 0.3 39.2 0.2 16.2
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 31.6

Oregon

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes 31.1 S S S S 2.8
Single modes 29.8 5.9 S S S S 1.7
Truck 36.6 8.4 30.5 11.1 30.6 11.4 15.0
For-hire truck 41.4 5.5 35.1 10.4 34.2 10.4 18.4
Private truck S S S S S S 29.8
Rail 32.5 12.1 S S S S 12.2
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 10.9
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 10.9
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

Pennsylvania

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes 28.8 41.9 41.5 4.7
Single modes 31.5 8.9 41.9 0.4 41.5 0.4 1.9
Truck 41.2 12.2 S S S S 11.2
For-hire truck 41.2 12.2 S S S S 11.2
Private truck
Rail 35.1 12.3 42.1 14.9 41.7 15.0 15.0
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 27.9
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes 35.6 8.9 47.6 0.4 47.9 0.4 4.6
Parcel, USPS or courier 35.6 8.9 47.6 0.4 47.9 0.4 4.6
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 31.6

Rhode Island

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes S S S S S S 27.9
Single modes
Truck
For-hire truck
Private truck
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 27.9
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 27.9
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

South Carolina

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes S S S S S S 18.5
Single modes S S S S S S 29.9
Truck S S S S S S 29.9
For-hire truck S S S S S S 29.9
Private truck
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 21.2
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 21.2
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

South Dakota

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes 31.0 43.5 S S 10.3
Single modes 31.3 5.3 43.5 2.2 S S 16.5
Truck 32.0 6.1 44.9 16.1 S S 16.9
For-hire truck 36.4 9.0 49.4 12.3 44.5 17.7 48.9
Private truck 29.8 6.5 28.3 12.6 33.2 10.2 10.5
Rail 49.1 5.1 S S S S 25.9
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes S S 38.5 2.2 41.6 4.0 16.6
Parcel, USPS or courier S S 38.5 2.2 41.6 4.0 16.6
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

Tennessee

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes 33.2 32.4 32.4 4.5
Single modes 37.1 6.8 32.4 32.4 1.9
Truck S S S S S S 23.7
For-hire truck S S S S S S 23.7
Private truck
Rail 38.5 8.4 32.4 0.4 32.4 0.3 2.3
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 31.6
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 15.6
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 15.6
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

Texas

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes 17.5 27.6 29.3 8.5
Single modes 19.2 2.9 27.6 29.3 6.3
Truck 30.3 6.5 44.4 0.7 49.0 0.5 6.9
For-hire truck 30.9 6.5 S S S S 5.5
Private truck S S S S S S 29.3
Rail 24.2 7.0 27.8 0.7 29.6 0.5 4.0
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 27.9
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes 43.2 2.9 S S S S 11.8
Parcel, USPS or courier 47.4 2.1 40.0 35.6 11.8
Truck and rail S S S S S S 31.6
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

Utah

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes 35.7 40.8 S S 11.0
Single modes 39.7 8.8 40.8 0.4 S S 7.7
Truck 36.9 7.3 40.2 17.8 S S 4.9
For-hire truck 38.0 7.5 42.3 16.1 41.3 18.3 7.6
Private truck 38.5 7.2 42.1 4.9 40.3 5.5 7.3
Rail S S S S S S 40.3
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 31.6
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes S S 43.4 0.3 35.8 0.2 14.5
Parcel, USPS or courier S S 43.4 0.3 35.8 0.2 14.5
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 26.6

Vermont

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes S S S S S S 26.0
Single modes S S S S S S 29.9
Truck S S S S S S 31.6
For-hire truck S S S S S S 31.6
Private truck
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 31.6
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 28.0
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 28.0
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

Virginia

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes 25.1 47.5 47.5 4.2
Single modes 42.8 14.3 S S S S 15.0
Truck 43.8 13.1 39.3 16.9 38.1 16.7 18.3
For-hire truck 43.8 13.1 39.3 16.9 38.1 16.7 18.3
Private truck
Rail S S S S S S 31.6
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 27.9
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes 43.2 14.3 S S S S 4.2
Parcel, USPS or courier 43.2 14.3 S S S S 4.2
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

Washington

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes 40.0 S S S S 6.5
Single modes 45.5 11.0 S S S S 4.5
Truck 46.2 9.5 45.0 16.7 44.4 16.3 21.1
For-hire truck 47.8 9.1 44.9 16.6 44.3 16.3 21.1
Private truck S S S S S S 29.8
Rail S S S S S S 15.0
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 31.6
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 7.0
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 7.0
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 31.6

West Virginia

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes S S S S S S 18.6
Single modes S S S S S S 23.6
Truck S S S S S S 27.9
For-hire truck S S S S S S 27.9
Private truck
Rail S S S S S S 29.8
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 23.8
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 23.8
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

Wisconsin

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes 24.8 21.6 21.5 2.9
Single modes 21.2 6.9 21.6 21.5 3.5
Truck 37.2 9.8 35.3 10.5 36.5 10.5 3.0
For-hire truck 38.3 9.8 35.2 10.5 36.4 10.5 3.1
Private truck S S S S S S 29.8
Rail 21.5 11.3 21.7 10.5 21.5 10.5 10.7
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 31.6
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 10.6
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 10.6
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 31.6

Wyoming

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes 9.4 27.3 33.8 23.4
Single modes 10.5 3.0 25.6 6.6 36.6 5.6 11.5
Truck 8.9 3.2 12.5 9.8 14.3 13.1 10.3
For-hire truck 16.9 2.7 28.7 4.6 23.1 6.8 12.8
Private truck 10.1 2.9 16.6 8.9 18.3 8.5 11.3
Rail 41.5 1.0 45.6 8.0 49.1 15.0 30.6
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 31.6
Pipeline S S S S S S S
Multiple modes 38.6 2.5 S S S S 27.3
Parcel, USPS or courier 31.9 1.0 23.5 27.0 27.3
Truck and rail S S S S S S 31.6
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes S S S S S S 31.6
Other and unknown modes 24.0 1.4 S S 36.8 3.8 36.1

KEY:
– Represents data cell equal to zero or less than 1 unit of measure.
S Estimate does not meet publication standards because of high sampling variability or poor response quality.
CV Coefficient of variation of number

NOTE: The Introduction and appendixes give information onf confidentiality protection, sampling error, nonsampling error, sample design, and definitions. Links to this information on the Internet may be found at www.census.gov/cfs.

SOURCE: Bureau of Transportation Statistics (USDOT) and U.S. Census Bureau, 2002 Commodity Flow Survey, Individual State Data, December 2004.