Table 1b. Shipment Characteristics by Mode of Transportation for the United States: Percent of Total for 2002, 1997 and 1993

Table 1b. Shipment Characteristics by Mode of Transportation for the United States: Percent of Total for 2002, 1997 and 1993

[Estimates are based on data from the 2002, 1997, and 1993 Commodity Flow Surveys. Because of rounding, estimates may not be additive]

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Mode of transportation Value (percent) Tons (percent) Ton-miles1 (percent)
2002 1997 1993 2002 1997 1993 2002 1997 1993
Total 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
Single modes 83.9 82.7 84.5 95.0 94.0 92.1 91.4 89.4 88.3
Truck2 74.3 72.0 75.3 67.2 69.0 65.9 40.0 38.5 35.9
For-hire truck 44.7 42.2 44.9 31.3 30.8 29.0 30.6 28.2 26.0
Private truck 29.1 29.2 30.0 35.6 36.8 36.6 9.3 9.8 9.7
Rail 3.7 4.6 4.2 16.1 14.6 15.9 40.2 39.4 38.9
Water 1.1 1.1 1.1 5.8 5.1 5.2 9.0 9.3 11.2
Shallow draft 0.7 0.8 0.7 3.9 3.8 3.7 6.7 7.0 6.8
Great Lakes S 0.3 0.4 0.3 0.4 0.5 0.5
Deep draft 0.4 0.3 0.3 1.6 0.9 1.1 1.8 1.8 3.9
Air (includes truck and air) 3.2 3.3 2.4 0.2 0.2 0.2
Pipeline3 1.8 1.7 1.5 5.9 5.2 5.0 S S S
Multiple modes 12.9 13.3 11.3 1.9 2.0 2.3 7.2 7.8 7.9
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier 11.8 12.0 9.6 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.6 0.6 0.5
Truck and rail 0.8 1.1 1.4 0.4 0.5 0.4 1.5 2.1 1.6
Truck and water 0.2 0.1 0.2 0.2 0.3 0.7 1.0 1.3 1.7
Rail and water 0.9 0.8 0.8 3.7 3.0 2.9
Other multiple modes 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.4 0.7 S
Other and unknown modes 3.2 4.0 4.1 3.1 4.0 5.6 1.4 2.8 3.8

KEY:
– Represents data cell equal to zero or less than 1 unit of measure.
S = Estimate does not meet publication standards because of high sampling variability or poor response quality

1 Ton-miles estimates are based on estimated distances traveled along a modeled transportation network. See the "Mileage Calculation" section for additional information.
2 "Truck" as a single mode includes shipment that were made by only private truck only for-hire truck, or a combination of private and for-hire truck.
3 Estimates for pipeline exclude shipments of crude petroleum

NOTE: Value-of-shipment estimates have not been adjusted for price changes. Appendix B tables provide estimated measures of sampling variability. The Introduction and appendixes give information on confidentiality protection, sampling error, nonsampling error, sample design, and definitions. Links to this information on the Internet may be found at www.census.gov/cfs.
Coverage for the 2002 Commodity Flow Survey (CFS) differs from the previous surveys due to a change from the 1987 Standard Industrial Classification System to the 1997 North American Industry Classification System and other survey improvements. Therefore, data users are urged to use caution when comparing 2002 CFS estimates with estimates from prior years.

SOURCE: Bureau of Transportation Statistics (USDOT) and U.S. Census Bureau, 2002 Commodity Flow Survey, United States Data, December 2004.