Table 11c. Shipment Characteristics by Mode of Transportation for the United States: Annualized Growth Rate for 1997 to 2002 and 1993 to 2002

Table 11c. Shipment Characteristics by Mode of Transportation for the United States: Annualized Growth Rate for 1997 to 2002 and 1993 to 2002

[Estimates are based on data from the 2002, 1997, and 1993 Commodity Flow Surveys. Because of rounding, estimates may not be additive]

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Mode of transportation Value
(percent)
Tons
(percent)
Ton-miles1
(percent)
Average miles per shipment
(percent)
1997 to 2002 1993 to 2002 1997 to 2002 1993 to 2002 1997 to 2002 1993 to 2002 1997 to 2002 1993 to 2002
Total 4.1 4.1 2.0 2.1 3.9 2.9 2.4 2.9
Single modes 4.4 4.0 2.2 2.4 4.3 3.3 3.7 2.2
Truck2 4.8 3.9 1.5 2.3 4.7 4.2 2.0 2.0
Rail −0.5 2.6 4.0 2.2 4.3 3.3 0.8 0.6
Water 3.4 4.2 4.9 3.4 3.3 0.4 3.3 S
Air (includes truck and air) 2.9 7.4 −3.0 2.0 −1.0 4.3 6.6 3.4
Pipeline3 5.6 5.8 4.4 3.9 S S S S
Multiple modes 3.4 5.6 0.3 −0.5 2.2 1.8 1.7 2.2
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier 3.7 6.4 2.9 3.4 2.6 4.2 1.7 2.2
Truck and rail −1.5 −1.9 −4.4 0.6 −3.8 2.1 0.9 0.1
Other multiple modes 8.5 3.2 1.6 −1.3 4.3 1.5 10.0 2.3
Other and unknown modes −0.3 1.2 −3.0 −4.3 −9.3 −7.9 1.2 −6.1

KEY:
– Represents data cell equal to zero or less than 1 unit of measure.
S Estimate does not meet publication standards because of high sampling variability or poor response quality.

1 Ton-miles estimates are based on estimated distances traveled along a modeled transportation network. See "Mileage Calculations" section for additional information.
2 "Truck" as a single mode includes shipments that were made by only private truck, only for-hire truck, or a combination of private truck and for-hire truck.
3 Estimates for pipeline exclude shipments of crude petroleum.

NOTES: Annualized growth rate measures the annual rate of change between estimates from any 2 years by assuming a constant yearly rate of change. See Appendix C for additional information about this rate.
Value-of-shipments estimates have not been adjusted for price changes. Appendix B tables provide estimated measures of sampling variability. The Introduction and appendixes give information on confidentiality protection, sampling error, nonsampling error, sample design, and definitions. Links to this information on the Internet may be found at www.census.gov/cfs.
Coverage for the 2002 Commodity Flow Survey (CFS) differs from the previous surveys due to a change from the 1987 Standard Industrial Classification System to the 1997 North American Industry Classification System and other survey improvements. Therefore, data users are urged to use caution when comparing 2002 CFS estimates with estimates from prior years.

SOURCE: Bureau of Transportation Statistics (USDOT) and U.S. Census Bureau, 2002 Commodity Flow Survey, United States Data, December 2004.