Table 7b. Export Shipment Characteristics by Commodity Group and Export Mode of Transportation: 2007 and 2002

Table 7b. Export Shipment Characteristics by Commodity Group and Export Mode of Transportation: 2007 and 2002

Estimates are based on data from the 2007 and 2002 Commodity Flow Surveys. Because of rounding, estimates may not be additive.

All Commodities 3

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Export mode of transportation Value Tons Value Tons
2007
(million $)
2002
(million $)
Percent Change 2007 (thousands) 2002 (thousands) Percent Change 2007 CV 2 2002 CV Standard Error of % change 2007 CV 2002 CV Standard Error of % change
All modes 873,409 595,518 46.7 479,578 487,473 -1.6 2.5 4.9 8.1 4.2 11.8 12.4
Single modes 777,854 508,639 52.9 461,065 452,934 1.8 2.9 4.1 7.7 4.6 12.4 13.5
Truck 4 155,630 148,459 4.8 57,565 54,923 4.8 2.4 6.4 7.2 4.5 6.5 8.3
Rail 34,610 17,536 97.4 50,617 49,916 1.4 11.3 8.9 28.5 10.1 16.2 19.3
Water 306,191 162,273 88.7 348,035 344,416 1.1 3.9 6.2 13.9 6 15.9 17.2
Air (incl truck and air) 279,987 180,265 55.3 3,671 3,441 6.7 4.5 7.5 13.5 6.2 11.2 13.7
Pipeline S S S S S S S S S S S S
Multiple modes 57,293 71,541 -19.9 511 24,242 -97.9 4.6 18.2 15 6 14.7 0.3
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier 57,293 24,360 135.2 511 585 -12.6 4.6 11 28.1 6 31.4 27.9
Other and unknown modes 38,262 15,338 149.5 18,002 10,296 74.8 5.9 13.8 37.5 10.2 28.6 53.1

SCTG 01-05, Live animals and live fish

Export mode of transportation Value Tons Value Tons
2007
(million $)
2002
(million $)
Percent Change 2007 (thousands) 2002 (thousands) Percent Change 2007 CV 2 2002 CV Standard Error of % change 2007 CV 2002 CV Standard Error of % change
All modes 59,864 47,056 27.2 165,711 218,571 -24.2 7.8 14.1 20.5 10.2 17.4 15.3
Single modes 58,001 44,553 30.2 161,722 210,677 -23.2 7.8 13.9 20.8 10.5 17.7 15.8
Truck 4 5,649 6,086 -7.2 6,062 6,960 -12.9 10.2 25.8 25.8 12.5 19.1 19.9
Rail 2,234 1,740 28.4 11,811 11,410 3.5 23.7 28.9 47.8 29.5 26.4 40.8
Water 48,864 35,946 35.9 143,701 191,786 -25.1 9.6 16.5 26 12.2 19 17
Air (incl truck and air) 1,254 S X 148 S X 24.5 S S 27.1 S S
Multiple modes S 1,679 S 1 4,279 -100.0 S 25.3 S 46.8 38.7 S
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier S S S 1 S X S S S 46.8 S S
Other and unknown modes 1,757 824 113.2 3,987 3,615 10.3 20.4 27.5 73 31.8 46.7 62.3

SCTG 06-09, Milled grain products and preparations, and bakery products

Export mode of transportation Value Tons Value Tons
2007
(million $)
2002
(million $)
Percent Change 2007 (thousands) 2002 (thousands) Percent Change 2007 CV 2 2002 CV Standard Error of % change 2007 CV 2002 CV Standard Error of % change
All modes 23,800 12,552 89.6 19,222 12,842 49.7 8.2 18.3 38.2 10.7 13.8 26.3
Single modes 22,490 11,358 98.0 18,425 11,774 56.5 9.2 19.8 43.4 11.4 14 28.4
Truck 4 6,513 3,455 88.5 4,301 3,465 24.1 6.8 14.2 29.6 9.3 21 28.5
Rail 1,385 932 48.6 2,679 2,356 13.7 19.5 23.4 45.3 18.6 16.7 28.9
Water 14,070 6,864 105.0 11,406 5,928 92.4 15.1 25.4 60.8 17.5 16.5 46.5
Air (incl truck and air) 521 S X 39 S X 24.5 S S 43.3 S S
Multiple modes 85 982 -91.3 3 816 -99.6 36.1 32.1 4.2 35 23.9 0.2
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier 85 15 466.7 3 S X 36.1 28 258.6 35 S S
Other and unknown modes 1,225 213 475.1 795 252 215.5 21.5 30.2 213.6 14.1 29.8 104.4

SCTG 10-14, Monumental or building stone, except dolomite

Export mode of transportation Value Tons Value Tons
2007
(million $)
2002
(million $)
Percent Change 2007 (thousands) 2002 (thousands) Percent Change 2007 CV 2 2002 CV Standard Error of % change 2007 CV 2002 CV Standard Error of % change
All modes 11,012 4,035 172.9 17,027 28,186 -39.6 26.3 16.9 86.8 13.5 23.9 16.6
Single modes 10,835 3,068 253.2 16,200 24,740 -34.5 27 13.8 109.3 13.4 23.9 18
Truck 4 835 540 54.6 2,358 2,298 2.6 15.7 23.6 44 22.7 23.5 34.1
Rail 1,400 380 268.4 5,233 10,165 -48.5 48.8 22.6 197.4 15.9 35.3 20.2
Water 5,776 2,121 172.3 8,585 12,272 -30.0 24.3 18.3 83.8 17.3 31.6 24.9
Air (incl truck and air) S S S 24 5 380.0 S S S 45.7 44.7 308.1
Multiple modes S S S S 3,259 S S S S S 39.8 S
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier S S S S S S S S S S S S
Other and unknown modes 115 36 219.4 S 187 S 34.2 41.1 171.1 S 42.4 S

SCTG 15-19, Nonagglomerated bituminous coal

Export mode of transportation Value Tons Value Tons
2007
(million $)
2002
(million $)
Percent Change 2007 (thousands) 2002 (thousands) Percent Change 2007 CV 2 2002 CV Standard Error of % change 2007 CV 2002 CV Standard Error of % change
All modes 25,494 6,946 267.0 92,585 63,235 46.4 11.9 31.2 122.3 16.9 24.2 43.4
Single modes 24,165 6,595 266.4 88,377 58,645 50.7 11.7 32.7 127 17.8 24.4 45.8
Truck 4 2,283 1,260 81.2 2,090 S X 36.2 45.2 105.1 33.3 S S
Rail S 374 S 8,455 2,568 229.2 S 31.7 S 33.4 38.5 168.9
Water 16,075 4,813 234.0 76,486 52,115 46.8 17 37.6 137.2 20.9 28.4 52.1
Air (incl truck and air) S S S S S S S S S S S S
Pipeline S S S S S S S S S S S S
Multiple modes S S S - S X S S S 35.9 S S
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier S S S - S X S S S 35.9 S S
Other and unknown modes 1,324 40 3210.0 4,207 S X 32.5 47.1 1,914.60 26.5 S S

SCTG 20-24, Pharmaceutical and chemical products

Export mode of transportation Value Tons Value Tons
2007
(million $)
2002
(million $)
Percent Change 2007 (thousands) 2002 (thousands) Percent Change 2007 CV 2 2002 CV Standard Error of % change 2007 CV 2002 CV Standard Error of % change
All modes 125,331 75,620 65.7 52,633 64,254 -18.1 6.8 7.2 16.2 8.4 23.2 20.2
Single modes 116,530 69,811 66.9 50,395 61,470 -18.0 7 7.3 16.6 8.8 23.9 20.9
Truck 4 20,851 17,652 18.1 9,231 8,832 4.5 5.9 11.6 15.3 15.8 16.7 23.6
Rail 8,726 3,856 126.3 11,486 17,228 -33.3 15.3 28.5 73.4 17.6 38.3 28.2
Water 58,294 32,775 77.9 29,089 35,038 -17.0 5.1 8.2 17.1 8.5 40.8 34.6
Air (incl truck and air) 28,659 15,525 84.6 589 371 58.8 19 11.9 40.4 14.6 19.1 38.1
Multiple modes 2,503 4,665 -46.3 49 2,285 -97.9 10.3 16 10.2 16.2 18.8 0.5
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier 2,503 485 416.1 49 43 14.0 10.3 9.8 73 16.2 36 45
Other and unknown modes 6,298 1,143 451.0 2,189 499 338.7 14 24.2 155.4 8.7 23.1 108

SCTG 25-30, Logs, wood products, and textile and leather

Export mode of transportation Value Tons Value Tons
2007
(million $)
2002
(million $)
Percent Change 2007 (thousands) 2002 (thousands) Percent Change 2007 CV 2 2002 CV Standard Error of % change 2007 CV 2002 CV Standard Error of % change
All modes 41,236 37,489 10.0 32,987 34,177 -3.5 7.8 7.3 11.7 8.9 11 13.6
Single modes 36,033 31,916 12.9 31,515 28,728 9.7 9.2 8.1 13.8 9.3 10.5 15.4
Truck 4 10,819 9,686 11.7 8,276 5,734 44.3 8 8.1 12.7 10.4 8.6 19.5
Rail 1,267 S X 2,325 2,303 1.0 12.7 S S 13.3 40.6 43
Water 20,303 18,044 12.5 20,741 20,549 0.9 14.3 15.4 23.7 13.5 16.1 21.3
Air (incl truck and air) 3,643 2,812 29.6 173 142 21.8 14.5 27.2 39.9 11.5 15.8 23.8
Pipeline S S S S S S S S S S S S
Multiple modes 2,659 4,855 -45.2 76 4,890 -98.4 17.2 22.5 15.5 9.5 37.6 0.6
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier 2,659 910 192.2 76 73 4.1 17.2 20.7 78.4 9.5 28.2 30.9
Other and unknown modes 2,544 718 254.3 1,397 559 149.9 14 20.9 89.2 13.1 15 49.8

SCTG 31-34, Base metal and machinery

Export mode of transportation Value Tons Value Tons
2007
(million $)
2002
(million $)
Percent Change 2007 (thousands) 2002 (thousands) Percent Change 2007 CV 2 2002 CV Standard Error of % change 2007 CV 2002 CV Standard Error of % change
All modes 146,139 85,835 70.3 32,537 31,965 1.8 4.7 7 14.4 3.4 12.4 13.1
Single modes 131,166 71,968 82.3 30,123 25,385 18.7 5 7.3 16.1 3.1 13.2 16.1
Truck 4 41,540 33,524 23.9 13,012 10,952 18.8 7.9 9.9 15.6 6.8 10.9 15.3
Rail 4,677 1,592 193.8 4,638 1,879 146.8 15.3 25 85.4 12.8 21.3 61.2
Water 53,706 19,751 171.9 11,476 11,855 -3.2 7.1 17.5 51.4 6.7 27.7 27.6
Air (incl truck and air) 31,242 17,101 82.7 997 699 42.6 6.9 12.2 25.8 26.7 17.7 45.6
Pipeline S S S S S S S S S S S S
Multiple modes 7,054 8,258 -14.6 117 2,694 -95.7 9.2 10.7 12.2 11.3 26.4 1.2
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier 7,054 3,018 133.7 117 111 5.4 9.2 15.4 42.3 11.3 33.5 37.2
Other and unknown modes 7,918 5,608 41.2 2,298 S X 6.2 31.4 45.3 12 S S

SCTG 35-38, Electronic, motorized vehicles, and precision instruments

Export mode of transportation Value Tons Value Tons
2007
(million $)
2002
(million $)
Percent Change 2007 (thousands) 2002 (thousands) Percent Change 2007 CV 2 2002 CV Standard Error of % change 2007 CV 2002 CV Standard Error of % change
All modes 368,098 285,483 28.9 16,576 17,083 -3.0 5.5 8.5 13 4.8 10.1 10.9
Single modes 315,881 238,235 32.6 14,895 15,532 -4.1 6.1 7.6 12.9 5.1 11.3 11.9
Truck 4 54,628 68,568 -20.3 6,888 10,265 -32.9 5.7 16.5 13.9 3.6 13.3 9.3
Rail 9,913 7,143 38.8 1,288 1,355 -4.9 25.2 22.2 46.8 16.2 13.2 20
Water 56,738 27,070 109.6 5,421 3,068 76.7 11.5 12.6 36 13.7 18.1 40.3
Air (incl truck and air) 194,602 135,387 43.7 1,297 843 53.9 7 9.6 17 13.2 11.4 27
Pipeline S S S S S S S S S S S S
Multiple modes 37,750 41,725 -9.5 195 1,002 -80.5 8 32.1 29.9 9 19 4.1
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier 37,750 16,234 132.5 195 124 57.3 8 7.5 25.5 9 15.7 28.3
Other and unknown modes 14,467 5,522 162.0 1,487 548 171.4 15.1 36.4 103.3 15.5 33.2 99.7

SCTG 39-43, Furniture, mixed freight and misc manufactured products

Export mode of transportation Value Tons Value Tons
2007
(million $)
2002
(million $)
Percent Change 2007 (thousands) 2002 (thousands) Percent Change 2007 CV 2 2002 CV Standard Error of % change 2007 CV 2002 CV Standard Error of % change
All modes 72,435 38,672 87.3 50,299 15,945 215.5 4 8.2 17 12.9 15.4 63.5
Single modes 62,752 29,996 109.2 49,414 14,783 234.3 4.5 9.6 22.1 13.1 16.7 71
Truck 4 12,512 7,418 68.7 5,347 3,227 65.7 7.8 11.3 23.1 19.5 15.7 41.2
Rail 853 106 704.7 2,702 607 345.1 33.3 33.2 376.8 40.4 36 241
Water 32,364 14,577 122.0 41,129 10,751 282.6 6.9 15.7 38.1 14.1 21.2 97.5
Air (incl truck and air) 17,023 7,895 115.6 236 197 19.8 17.4 17.3 52.8 16.4 16.7 28.1
Multiple modes 7,069 7,447 -5.1 70 1,026 -93.2 17.3 28.7 31.8 12.6 29.4 2.2
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier 7,069 S X 70 27 159.3 17.3 S S 12.6 16.3 53.3
Other and unknown modes 2,614 1,229 112.7 814 137 494.2 15.8 37.7 86.4 37.6 39.1 319.8

SCTG 99, Commodity Unknown

Export mode of transportation Value Tons Value Tons
2007
(million $)
2002
(million $)
Percent Change 2007 (thousands) 2002 (thousands) Percent Change 2007 CV 2 2002 CV Standard Error of % change 2007 CV 2002 CV Standard Error of % change
All modes S 1,830 S S S S S - S S - S
Single modes S 1,138 S S S S S - S S - S
Air (incl truck and air) S 516 S S S S S - S S - S
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S S - S S - S

KEY: S = Estimate does not meet publication standards because of high sampling variability or poor response quality. - = Zero of Less than half the unit shown; thus, it has been rounded to zero. X = Not applicable or comparison data unavailable.

1 Standard Classification of Transported Goods.
2 Coefficient of Variation.
3 Estimates exclude shipments of crude petroleum (SCTG 16).
4 "Truck" as a single mode includes shipments that were made by only private truck, only for-hire truck, or a combination of private and for-hire truck.

NOTES: Value-of-shipment estimates have not been adjusted for price changes. Estimated measures of sampling variability for each estimate known as coefficients of variation (CV) are also provided in these tables. More information on sampling error, confidentiality protection, nonsampling error, sample design, and definitions may be found at http://www.bts.gov/cfs.

SOURCE: U.S. Department of Transportation, Research and Innovative Technology Administration, Bureau of Transportation Statistics and U.S. Department of Commerce, U.S. Census Bureau, 2007 Economic Census: Transportation Commodity Flow Survey, December 2009.