Table 3. Shipment Characteristics by Mode of Transportation and Distance Shipped for Metropolitan Area of Origin: 2007

Table 3. Shipment Characteristics by Mode of Transportation and Distance Shipped for Metropolitan Area of Origin: 2007

Estimates are based on data from the 2007 Commodity Flow Survey. Because of rounding, estimates may not be additive.

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All modes

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles2 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 50,493 100 69,132 100 5,386 100 12.7 - 14.8 - 11.2 -
Less than 50 miles 15,984 31.7 50,023 72.4 841 15.6 21 3.8 18.6 3.9 24.4 2.5
50 - 99 miles 6,302 12.5 7,785 11.3 766 14.2 20.5 1.4 23.4 2.2 21.9 2.4
100 - 249 miles 17,790 35.2 9,377 13.6 1,731 32.1 18.8 3.9 14.5 2.3 14.5 3.1
250 - 499 miles 2,680 5.3 547 0.8 229 4.3 20.7 0.8 13.8 0.1 14.4 0.4
500 - 749 miles 2,570 5.1 575 0.8 434 8.1 14.3 0.9 19.6 0.3 18.9 1.4
750 - 999 miles 1,404 2.8 236 0.3 253 4.7 15.7 0.5 22.6 0.1 22.1 0.8
1,000 - 1,499 miles 1,938 3.8 340 0.5 503 9.3 15.5 1 18.8 0.1 19.1 1.6
1,500 - 2,000 miles 760 1.5 92 0.1 183 3.4 19.3 0.4 20.6 - 20.5 0.6
More than 2,000 miles 1,065 2.1 157 0.2 447 8.3 13.7 0.4 19.3 0.1 19.4 1.5

Single modes

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles2 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 39,410 100 65,850 100 5,122 100 14.9 - 15.8 - 11.7 -
Less than 50 miles 14,493 36.8 47,022 71.4 833 16.3 23.6 3.9 19.8 3.7 24.7 2.6
50 - 99 miles 5,869 14.9 7,744 11.8 762 14.9 22 1.4 23.4 2.1 21.8 2.4
100 - 249 miles 12,033 30.5 9,296 14.1 1,715 33.5 11.5 2.5 14.7 2.2 14.7 3.2
250 - 499 miles 1,854 4.7 513 0.8 213 4.1 29.5 0.7 13.6 0.1 13.9 0.3
500 - 749 miles 1,813 4.6 557 0.8 420 8.2 13.6 0.7 20.1 0.3 19.4 1.5
750 - 999 miles 1,058 2.7 227 0.3 243 4.7 17.8 0.6 22.8 0.1 22.2 0.8
1,000 - 1,499 miles 1,014 2.6 264 0.4 363 7.1 12.5 0.5 23.5 0.1 23.3 1.3
1,500 - 2,000 miles 568 1.4 84 0.1 168 3.3 20.7 0.4 21.3 - 21.4 0.7
More than 2,000 miles 708 1.8 143 0.2 406 7.9 19.2 0.4 20.7 0.1 20.7 1.5

Truck4

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles2 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 37,816 100 63,004 100 4,876 100 14.2 - 16.1 - 11.6 -
Less than 50 miles 14,176 37.5 45,188 71.7 829 17 22.3 3.7 20.6 3.8 24.9 2.7
50 - 99 miles 5,828 15.4 7,744 12.3 762 15.6 22.2 1.5 23.4 2.3 21.8 2.6
100 - 249 miles 11,302 29.9 8,411 13.4 1,556 31.9 9.3 2.7 11 2.3 11.4 2.9
250 - 499 miles 1,722 4.6 512 0.8 212 4.4 32.1 0.7 13.6 0.1 13.9 0.4
500 - 749 miles 1,647 4.4 441 0.7 349 7.2 12 0.5 18.6 0.2 18.7 1.1
750 - 999 miles 1,012 2.7 217 0.3 233 4.8 17.4 0.6 23.1 0.1 22.2 0.7
1,000 - 1,499 miles 927 2.5 263 0.4 362 7.4 11 0.4 23.5 0.1 23.4 1.3
1,500 - 2,000 miles 529 1.4 84 0.1 167 3.4 19 0.4 21.2 0.1 21.3 0.7
More than 2,000 miles 674 1.8 142 0.2 405 8.3 18.7 0.4 20.7 0.1 20.8 1.6

For-hire truck

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles2 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 17,463 100 25,918 100 3,277 100 18.7 - 34.9 - 18.1 -
Less than 50 miles 4,448 25.5 16,487 63.6 S S 39.7 5.2 47.4 7.6 S S
50 - 99 miles 1,616 9.3 3,062 11.8 303 9.2 28.6 1.1 25.4 4 24.1 2.3
100 - 249 miles 5,340 30.6 4,864 18.8 913 27.9 18 3.4 24.1 4.8 23.6 3.8
250 - 499 miles 1,369 7.8 376 1.5 163 5 32.7 1.2 18.9 0.4 18.1 0.7
500 - 749 miles 1,552 8.9 423 1.6 335 10.2 12.9 1.4 19.9 1 20 1.6
750 - 999 miles 1,008 5.8 216 0.8 232 7.1 17.4 1.5 23.2 0.3 22.3 2.2
1,000 - 1,499 miles 927 5.3 263 1 362 11.1 11 1.1 23.5 0.6 23.4 1.5
1,500 - 2,000 miles 529 3 84 0.3 167 5.1 19 0.6 21.2 0.2 21.3 1
More than 2,000 miles 674 3.9 142 0.5 405 12.4 18.7 1.1 20.7 0.4 20.8 1.9

Private truck

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles2 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 20,352 100 37,086 100 1,599 100 15.1 - 21.2 - 15.1 -
Less than 50 miles 9,728 47.8 28,701 77.4 432 27 16.3 4.3 25.6 3.4 18.8 3.6
50 - 99 miles 4,211 20.7 4,682 12.6 459 28.7 23.9 2.4 25.7 2.5 24.3 3.7
100 - 249 miles 5,962 29.3 3,548 9.6 643 40.2 18.4 3.1 14.9 1.8 13.9 3.5
250 - 499 miles 353 1.7 136 0.4 50 3.1 35.4 0.3 35.5 0.2 34.9 1
500 - 749 miles 95 0.5 18 - 14 0.9 35.9 0.3 22.8 - 24.7 0.3
750 - 999 miles 4 - 1 - 1 0.1 48.2 - 26.9 - 27.1 0.1
1,000 - 1,499 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
1,500 - 2,000 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
More than 2,000 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -

Rail

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles2 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total S S S S S S S S S S S S
Less than 50 miles S S S S 1 0.2 S S S S 40.8 3
50 - 99 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
100 - 249 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
250 - 499 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
500 - 749 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
750 - 999 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
1,000 - 1,499 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
1,500 - 2,000 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
More than 2,000 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -

Water

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles2 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total S S S S S S S S S S S S
Less than 50 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
50 - 99 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
100 - 249 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
250 - 499 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
500 - 749 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
750 - 999 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
1,000 - 1,499 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
1,500 - 2,000 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
More than 2,000 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -

Shallow draft

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles2 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total S S S S S S S S S S S S
Less than 50 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
50 - 99 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
100 - 249 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
250 - 499 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
500 - 749 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
750 - 999 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
1,000 - 1,499 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
1,500 - 2,000 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
More than 2,000 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -

Air (incl truck and air)

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles2 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 554 100 4 100 4 100 37.8 - 35.5 - 31.3 -
Less than 50 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
50 - 99 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
100 - 249 miles 49 8.9 - 9.5 S S 24.9 9.3 40.7 7.5 S S
250 - 499 miles S S 1 14.2 - 5.6 S S 40.6 15.1 39.3 12.3
500 - 749 miles S S - 9.1 - 6.2 S S 41.8 2.9 43 2
750 - 999 miles 36 6.4 S S S S 41.7 10.6 S S S S
1,000 - 1,499 miles 87 15.7 1 13.4 1 17.7 40.1 4.4 35.6 5.1 34.1 6.2
1,500 - 2,000 miles 39 7.1 - 4.5 - 7.7 37.2 1.9 34.1 3.6 35.2 7.9
More than 2,000 miles S S - 6.9 1 20.6 S S 32.1 9.8 33 15.2

Pipeline5

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles2 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total S S 1,624 100 S S S S 26 - S S
Less than 50 miles S S 1,624 100 S S S S 26 - S S
50 - 99 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
100 - 249 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
250 - 499 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
500 - 749 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
750 - 999 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
1,000 - 1,499 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
1,500 - 2,000 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
More than 2,000 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -

Multiple modes

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles2 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 9,947 100 282 100 223 100 31.5 - 26.6 - 33.7 -
Less than 50 miles 719 7.2 S S S S 41 2.8 S S S S
50 - 99 miles 382 3.8 S S S S 43.4 0.6 S S S S
100 - 249 miles S S 56 19.9 11 5 S S 29.2 6.5 29.6 3.8
250 - 499 miles 798 8 S S S S 30.3 1.6 S S S S
500 - 749 miles 750 7.5 17 6.1 14 6.2 22.6 3.8 23.1 2.9 24 4.3
750 - 999 miles 343 3.4 9 3.1 9 4.1 22 1.6 22.7 1 23.1 1.5
1,000 - 1,499 miles 867 8.7 67 23.7 S S 29.8 7.2 43.4 8.8 S S
1,500 - 2,000 miles 187 1.9 5 1.9 10 4.6 31.5 0.9 48.9 0.7 47.7 1.7
More than 2,000 miles 350 3.5 12 4.2 35 15.6 26.1 1.5 33.9 5.2 34.4 7.4

Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles2 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 9,489 100 193 100 105 100 34 - 30.9 - 30.4 -
Less than 50 miles 653 6.9 S S S S 46.2 2.4 S S S S
50 - 99 miles 382 4 S S S S 43.4 0.7 S S S S
100 - 249 miles S S 49 25.6 10 9.6 S S 29.3 5.6 30 3.4
250 - 499 miles 756 8 13 6.9 6 6 32 1.5 34.5 1.3 32.9 1
500 - 749 miles 750 7.9 17 8.9 14 13.2 22.6 4.5 23.1 4.7 24 3.6
750 - 999 miles 343 3.6 9 4.5 9 8.8 22 2 22.7 1.2 23.1 1.2
1,000 - 1,499 miles 549 5.8 S S S S 32.2 3.2 S S S S
1,500 - 2,000 miles 185 1.9 4 2.3 9 8.3 31.4 1 40.1 0.7 39.6 1.3
More than 2,000 miles 346 3.6 8 4.3 23 22.3 26.6 1.7 37.4 1.6 38.2 3.5

Truck and rail

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles2 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total S S S S S S S S S S S S
Less than 50 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
50 - 99 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
100 - 249 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
250 - 499 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
500 - 749 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
750 - 999 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
1,000 - 1,499 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
1,500 - 2,000 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
More than 2,000 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S

Truck and water

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles2 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total S S S S S S S S S S S S
Less than 50 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
50 - 99 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
100 - 249 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
250 - 499 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
500 - 749 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
750 - 999 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
1,000 - 1,499 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
1,500 - 2,000 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
More than 2,000 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S

Other multiple modes

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles2 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total S S S S S S S S S S S S
Less than 50 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
50 - 99 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
100 - 249 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
250 - 499 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
500 - 749 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
750 - 999 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
1,000 - 1,499 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
1,500 - 2,000 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
More than 2,000 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -

Other and unknown modes

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles2 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total S S S S 41 100 S S S S 29.2 -
Less than 50 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
50 - 99 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
100 - 249 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
250 - 499 miles S S 5 0.2 3 6.8 S S 38.1 6.9 38.6 4.2
500 - 749 miles S S 1 - - 1.1 S S 46.3 3.1 46.4 10.1
750 - 999 miles S S 1 - S S S S 49.3 5.3 S S
1,000 - 1,499 miles S S 9 0.3 13 31.8 S S 35 5.4 35.1 9.5
1,500 - 2,000 miles 5 0.4 2 0.1 S S 45.6 7.4 50 9.1 S S
More than 2,000 miles 6 0.5 S S S S 49 2.8 S S S S

KEY: S = Estimate does not meet publication standards because of high sampling variability or poor response quality. - = Zero or Less than half the unit shown; thus, it has been rounded to zero.

1 Commodity Flow Survey (CFS) geographic areas were drawn from a subset of Combined Statistical Areas (CSAs) and Metropolitan Statistical Areas (MeSAs) as defined by the Office of Management and Budget (OMB). However, CFS metropolitan areas are divided into their state parts when they include more than one state. In addition, the CFS also utilizes a unique geography referred to as, "remainder of state," to represent those areas of a state not contained within a separately published metropolitan area for the CFS (as opposed to not part of any Core-Based Statistical Area (CBSA) as defined by OMB). Because of the differences in the CFS geography, as compared to OMB defined geography, caution should be exercised when comparing CFS estimates to other estimates of similar geography.
2 Ton-miles estimates are based on estimated distances traveled along a modeled transportation network.
3 Coefficient of Variation.
4 "Truck" as a single mode includes any shipment that was made by private truck only, by for-hire truck only, or by a combination of private and for-hire truck.
5 Estimates for pipeline exclude shipments of crude petroleum.

NOTES: Value-of-shipment estimates are reported in current prices. Estimated measures of sampling variability for each estimate known as coefficients of variation (CV) are also provided in these tables. More information on sampling error, confidentiality protection, nonsampling error, sample design, and definitions may be found at http://www.bts.gov/publications/commodity_flow_survey/.
Rows are not shown if all cells for that particular mode have no data. For example, since Denver-Aurora-Boulder by "Water" has no data for any mileage group, the entire mode of "Water" for that area was removed from this table. However, if a mode has at least one row of data for one of the mileage groups, then the entire mode is shown even though there may be rows absent of data within that mode. For example, Denver-Aurora-Boulder by "Other and unknown modes" has a row absent of data for the mileage group of "More than 2,000 miles" but does have data for the other mileage groups under that mode so it will be shown in its entirety.

SOURCE: U.S. Department of Transportation, Research and Innovative Technology Administration, Bureau of Transportation Statistics and U.S. Department of Commerce, U.S. Census Bureau, 2007 Economic Census: Transportation Commodity Flow Survey, December 2009.