Table 4. Shipment Characteristics by Mode of Transportation and Shipment Size for Metropolitan Area of Origin: 2007

Table 4. Shipment Characteristics by Mode of Transportation and Shipment Size for Metropolitan Area of Origin: 2007

Estimates are based on data from the 2007 Commodity Flow Survey. Because of rounding, estimates may not be additive.

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All Modes

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 50,493 100 69,132 100 5,386 100 254 12.7 - 14.8 - 11.2 - 40.6
Less than 50 lbs 8,427 16.7 130 0.2 43 0.8 S 36.4 4.1 30.3 0.1 26.0 0.1 S
50 - 99 lbs 1,317 2.6 66 0.1 20 0.4 304 39.7 0.9 20.7 - 19.8 0.1 14.9
100 - 499 lbs 3,548 7.0 495 0.7 115 2.1 230 15.0 1.5 13.7 0.2 25.6 0.5 14.1
500 - 749 lbs 1,285 2.5 357 0.5 43 0.8 122 12.2 0.4 12.6 0.1 16.5 0.1 13.1
750 - 999 lbs 836 1.7 290 0.4 42 0.8 146 11.2 0.3 11.3 0.1 22.5 0.2 33.5
1,000 - 9,999 lbs 10,027 19.9 4,624 6.7 654 12.1 134 14.1 2.1 12.2 1.4 10.8 1.3 12.4
10,000 - 49,999 lbs 18,033 35.7 39,234 56.8 3,094 57.4 87 18.4 3.0 18.5 4.4 12.3 3.0 14.5
50,000 - 99,999 lbs 5,154 10.2 17,789 25.7 1,072 19.9 63 29.9 2.3 27.0 4.3 22.4 3.0 9.6
More than 100,000 lbs 1,866 3.7 6,148 8.9 302 5.6 136 42.6 1.5 46.0 3.7 41.2 1.9 26.6

Single modes

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 39,410 100 65,850 100 5,122 100 227 14.9 - 15.8 - 11.7 - 24.9
Less than 50 lbs 976 2.5 34 0.1 3 0.1 430 33.9 1.0 24.2 - 25.8 - 25.0
50 - 99 lbs 388 1.0 42 0.1 4 0.1 83 22.2 0.3 22.0 - 17.5 - 20.3
100 - 499 lbs 2,487 6.3 423 0.6 70 1.4 148 12.1 1.1 11.2 0.2 26.0 0.4 11.3
500 - 749 lbs 1,158 2.9 350 0.5 39 0.8 113 12.2 0.5 12.9 0.1 17.0 0.2 14.6
750 - 999 lbs 831 2.1 290 0.4 42 0.8 146 11.3 0.3 11.4 0.1 22.5 0.2 33.6
1,000 - 9,999 lbs 9,586 24.3 4,517 6.9 642 12.5 134 13.9 2.4 12.0 1.4 10.5 1.3 12.4
10,000 - 49,999 lbs 17,813 45.2 39,115 59.4 2,975 58.1 84 18.6 3.6 18.5 4.5 12.5 2.9 15.4
50,000 - 99,999 lbs 5,153 13.1 17,744 26.9 1,071 20.9 64 29.9 2.4 27.1 4.1 22.4 3.0 9.8
More than 100,000 lbs S S 3,336 5.1 275 5.4 177 S S 38.5 1.7 46.1 1.8 15.1

Truck4

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 37,816 100 63,004 100 4,876 100 101 14.2 - 16.1 - 11.6 - 9.3
Less than 50 lbs 545 1.4 33 0.1 2 - S 29.9 0.5 24.2 - 18.5 - S
50 - 99 lbs 381 1.0 42 0.1 3 0.1 76 22.6 0.3 22.1 - 14.4 - 23.2
100 - 499 lbs 2,385 6.3 422 0.7 70 1.4 147 11.5 1.0 11.2 0.2 26.3 0.4 11.4
500 - 749 lbs 1,158 3.1 350 0.6 39 0.8 113 12.2 0.5 12.9 0.1 17.0 0.2 14.6
750 - 999 lbs 820 2.2 289 0.5 42 0.9 145 11.2 0.3 11.3 0.1 22.8 0.2 33.9
1,000 - 9,999 lbs 9,581 25.3 4,515 7.2 641 13.1 134 13.9 2.5 12.0 1.5 10.6 1.2 12.5
10,000 - 49,999 lbs 17,745 46.9 39,091 62.0 2,972 61.0 84 18.8 3.6 18.6 4.2 12.5 2.6 15.4
50,000 - 99,999 lbs 5,148 13.6 17,676 28.1 1,071 22.0 64 29.9 2.5 27.3 4.3 22.4 3.2 10.2
More than 100,000 lbs 53 0.1 S S 37 0.8 106 44.4 0.1 S S 38.9 0.3 22.9

For-hire truck

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 17,463 100 25,918 100 3,277 100 386 18.7 - 34.9 - 18.1 - 20.1
Less than 50 lbs 73 0.4 S S 1 - 316 45.5 0.1 S S 44.5 - 47.2
50 - 99 lbs 90 0.5 4 - 2 0.1 441 35.4 0.1 35.2 - 18.0 - 48.2
100 - 499 lbs 829 4.7 61 0.2 49 1.5 758 18.7 0.8 16.7 0.1 38.3 0.7 17.3
500 - 749 lbs 409 2.3 43 0.2 23 0.7 537 19.4 0.5 18.2 0.1 26.1 0.4 26.6
750 - 999 lbs 311 1.8 45 0.2 26 0.8 590 18.7 0.5 20.6 0.1 34.5 0.4 19.4
1,000 - 9,999 lbs 3,664 21.0 874 3.4 405 12.3 542 10.3 3.6 12.2 1.2 14.9 2.1 10.0
10,000 - 49,999 lbs 8,651 49.5 12,899 49.8 2,037 62.2 177 20.8 2.8 32.4 4.7 18.6 3.2 20.7
50,000 - 99,999 lbs 3,387 19.4 11,823 45.6 708 21.6 64 39.1 3.8 41.2 5.9 33.4 4.1 16.3
More than 100,000 lbs 49 0.3 166 0.6 26 0.8 150 38.3 0.2 25.5 0.5 35.6 0.8 5.8

Private truck

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 20,352 100 37,086 100 1,599 100 45 15.1 - 21.2 - 15.1 - 8.2
Less than 50 lbs 472 2.3 30 0.1 1 0.1 28 35.8 1.1 27.4 - 20.9 - 16.9
50 - 99 lbs 291 1.4 38 0.1 1 0.1 37 31.9 0.6 25.9 - 20.0 - 11.7
100 - 499 lbs 1,557 7.6 361 1.0 20 1.3 52 10.4 2.3 10.9 0.3 11.5 0.2 9.7
500 - 749 lbs 748 3.7 307 0.8 17 1.0 53 12.8 0.9 13.1 0.2 18.2 0.3 10.5
750 - 999 lbs 509 2.5 244 0.7 15 0.9 62 13.6 0.5 13.4 0.2 19.3 0.1 16.4
1,000 - 9,999 lbs 5,917 29.1 3,641 9.8 236 14.8 62 20.8 4.0 14.0 1.9 15.2 1.9 11.9
10,000 - 49,999 lbs 9,094 44.7 26,192 70.6 935 58.4 40 26.7 6.9 26.7 3.9 15.6 2.9 14.9
50,000 - 99,999 lbs 1,761 8.7 5,853 15.8 363 22.7 64 19.6 2.2 20.4 2.9 22.9 2.9 9.4
More than 100,000 lbs S S S S S S 20 S S S S S S 19.2

Rail

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total S S S S S S 295 S S S S S S 40.8
Less than 50 lbs S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
50 - 99 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
100 - 499 lbs S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
500 - 749 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
750 - 999 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
1,000 - 9,999 lbs S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
10,000 - 49,999 lbs S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
50,000 - 99,999 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
More than 100,000 lbs S S S S S S 238 S S S S S S 29.0

Water

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Less than 50 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
50 - 99 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
100 - 499 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
500 - 749 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
750 - 999 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
1,000 - 9,999 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
10,000 - 49,999 lbs S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
50,000 - 99,999 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
More than 100,000 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -

Shallow draft

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Less than 50 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
50 - 99 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
100 - 499 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
500 - 749 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
750 - 999 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
1,000 - 9,999 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
10,000 - 49,999 lbs S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
50,000 - 99,999 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
More than 100,000 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -

Air (incl truck and air)

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 554 100 4 100 4 100 1,113 37.8 - 35.5 - 31.3 - 31.0
Less than 50 lbs 430 77.6 2 36.2 S S 1,111 45.1 15.7 48.4 15.0 S S 12.3
50 - 99 lbs S S - 3.4 S S 2,359 S S 36.2 7.6 S S 33.9
100 - 499 lbs S S 1 12.2 1 12.9 1,031 S S 28.4 10.8 26.4 14.9 20.7
500 - 749 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
750 - 999 lbs S S S S - 8.6 S S S S S 17.1 14.6 S
1,000 - 9,999 lbs S S S S S S 888 S S S S S S 39.3
10,000 - 49,999 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
50,000 - 99,999 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
More than 100,000 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -

Pipeline5

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total S S 1,624 100 S S S S S 26.0 - S S S
Less than 50 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
50 - 99 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
100 - 499 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
500 - 749 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
750 - 999 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
1,000 - 9,999 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
10,000 - 49,999 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
50,000 - 99,999 lbs S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
More than 100,000 lbs S S 1,556 95.8 S S S S S 31.5 5.9 S S S

Multiple modes

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 9,947 100 282 100 223 100 S 31.5 - 26.6 - 33.7 - S
Less than 50 lbs 7,392 74.3 94 33.2 40 17.8 S 41.4 8.6 42.4 9.1 29.0 8.9 S
50 - 99 lbs S S 23 8.2 16 7.4 700 S S 28.6 2.4 24.9 3.3 15.0
100 - 499 lbs 1,050 10.6 70 24.9 45 20.2 630 24.2 4.1 49.1 6.5 44.3 5.7 11.6
500 - 749 lbs 126 1.3 6 2.2 4 1.7 607 39.6 1.6 39.8 0.8 43.3 2.7 31.9
750 - 999 lbs 5 0.1 - 0.1 S S 373 38.0 0.1 23.1 0.1 S S 48.2
1,000 - 9,999 lbs S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
10,000 - 49,999 lbs S S S S S S 1,692 S S S S S S 24.0
50,000 - 99,999 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
More than 100,000 lbs S S S S S S S S S S S S S S

Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 9,489 100 193 100 105 100 S 34.0 - 30.9 - 30.4 - S
Less than 50 lbs 7,389 77.9 94 48.5 40 37.9 S 41.4 6.5 42.4 8.2 29.0 7.2 S
50 - 99 lbs S S 23 11.9 16 15.7 700 S S 28.6 2.5 24.9 2.9 15.0
100 - 499 lbs 1,050 11.1 70 36.3 45 43.0 629 24.2 4.4 49.2 7.3 44.5 7.0 11.8
500 - 749 lbs 124 1.3 6 3.1 3 3.3 573 40.9 2.1 42.1 3.1 48.9 2.9 20.7
750 - 999 lbs 3 - - 0.1 S S S 37.4 0.1 30.4 0.3 S S S
1,000 - 9,999 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
10,000 - 49,999 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
50,000 - 99,999 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
More than 100,000 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -

Truck and rail

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total S S S S S S 1,700 S S S S S S 30.0
Less than 50 lbs S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
50 - 99 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
100 - 499 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
500 - 749 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
750 - 999 lbs S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
1,000 - 9,999 lbs S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
10,000 - 49,999 lbs S S S S S S 2,464 S S S S S S 19.6
50,000 - 99,999 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
More than 100,000 lbs S S 30 86.1 S S S S S 12.6 13.8 S S S

Truck and water

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total S S S S S S 977 S S S S S S 36.1
Less than 50 lbs S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
50 - 99 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
100 - 499 lbs S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
500 - 749 lbs S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
750 - 999 lbs S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
1,000 - 9,999 lbs S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
10,000 - 49,999 lbs S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
50,000 - 99,999 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
More than 100,000 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -

Other multiple modes

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Less than 50 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
50 - 99 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
100 - 499 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
500 - 749 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
750 - 999 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
1,000 - 9,999 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
10,000 - 49,999 lbs S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
50,000 - 99,999 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
More than 100,000 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -

Other and unknown modes

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total S S S S 41 100 S S S S S 29.2 - S
Less than 50 lbs 59 5.2 2 0.1 - 0.1 S 41.3 9.2 34.3 1.0 32.3 0.8 S
50 - 99 lbs 6 0.6 1 - - 0.1 S 39.0 2.0 30.4 0.7 34.7 - S
100 - 499 lbs 10 0.9 2 0.1 S S 30 42.7 2.2 24.9 1.5 S S 33.6
500 - 749 lbs 1 0.1 S S - - S 49.7 1.3 S S 41.8 0.5 S
750 - 999 lbs S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
1,000 - 9,999 lbs S S S S 12 29.3 S S S S S 40.0 13.3 S
10,000 - 49,999 lbs 79 7.0 62 2.1 23 57.3 S 34.0 10.4 38.6 17.8 23.3 10.5 S
50,000 - 99,999 lbs S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
More than 100,000 lbs S S S S S S S S S S S S S S

KEY: S = Estimate does not meet publication standards because of high sampling variability or poor response quality. - = Zero or Less than half the unit shown; thus, it has been rounded to zero.

1 Commodity Flow Survey (CFS) geographic areas were drawn from a subset of Combined Statistical Areas (CSAs) and Metropolitan Statistical Areas (MeSAs) as defined by the Office of Management and Budget (OMB). However, CFS metropolitan areas are divided into their state parts when they include more than one state. In addition, the CFS also utilizes a unique geography referred to as, "remainder of state," to represent those areas of a state not contained within a separately published metropolitan area for the CFS (as opposed to not part of any Core-Based Statistical Area (CBSA) as defined by OMB). Because of the differences in the CFS geography, as compared to OMB defined geography, caution should be exercised when comparing CFS estimates to other estimates of similar geography.
2 Ton-miles estimates are based on estimated distances traveled along a modeled transportation network.
3 Coefficient of Variation.
4 ""Truck"" as a single mode includes any shipment that was made by private truck only, by for-hire truck only, or by a combination of private and for-hire truck.
5 Estimates for pipeline exclude shipments of crude petroleum.

NOTES: Value-of-shipment estimates are reported in current prices. Estimated measures of sampling variability for each estimate known as coefficients of variation (CV) are also provided in these tables. More information on sampling error, confidentiality protection, nonsampling error, sample design, and definitions may be found at http://www.bts.gov/publications/commodity_flow_survey/
Rows are not shown if all cells for that particular mode have no data. For example, since Denver-Aurora-Boulder by "Water" has no data for any shipment weight group, the entire mode of "Water" for that area was removed from this table. However, if a mode has at least one row of data for one of the shipment weight groups, then the entire mode is shown even though there may be rows absent of data within that mode. For example, Denver-Aurora-Boulder by "Other and unknown modes" has a row absent of data for the shipment size of "More than 100,000 lbs" but does have data for the other shipment weight groups under that mode so it will be shown in its entirety.

SOURCE: U.S. Department of Transportation, Research and Innovative Technology Administration, Bureau of Transportation Statistics and U.S. Department of Commerce, U.S. Census Bureau, 2007 Economic Census: Transportation Commodity Flow Survey, December 2009.