Table 7. Shipment Characteristics by Commodity Group and Mode of Transportation for Metropolitan Area of Origin: 2007

Table 7. Shipment Characteristics by Commodity Group and Mode of Transportation for Metropolitan Area of Origin: 2007

Estimates are based on data from the 2007 Commodity Flow Survey. Because of rounding, estimates may not be additive.

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All Commodities5

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes 50,493 100 69,132 100 5,386 100 254 12.7 - 14.8 - 11.2 - 40.6
Single modes 39,410 78.1 65,850 95.3 5,122 95.1 227 14.9 4.7 15.8 3.7 11.7 1.6 24.9
Truck6 37,816 74.9 63,004 91.1 4,876 90.5 101 14.2 4.3 16.1 3.8 11.6 2.2 9.3
For-hire truck 17,463 34.6 25,918 37.5 3,277 60.8 386 18.7 4.8 34.9 7.1 18.1 6.4 20.1
Private truck 20,352 40.3 37,086 53.6 1,599 29.7 45 15.1 3.4 21.2 7.5 15.1 6.3 8.2
Rail S S S S S S 295 S S S S S S 40.8
Water S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Shallow draft S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Air (incl truck and air) 554 1.1 4 - 4 0.1 1,113 37.8 0.6 35.5 - 31.3 0.1 31
Pipeline7 S S 1,624 2.3 S S S S S 26 9.9 S S S
Multiple modes 9,947 19.7 282 0.4 223 4.1 S 31.5 4.2 26.6 0.1 33.7 1.6 S
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier 9,489 18.8 193 0.3 105 1.9 S 34 4.5 30.9 0.1 30.4 0.4 S
Truck and rail S S S S S S 1,700 S S S S S S 30
Truck and water S S S S S S 977 S S S S S S 36.1
Other multiple modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Other and unknown modes S S S S 41 0.8 S S S S S 29.2 0.2 S

SCTG2 01-05, Agriculture products and fish

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes 1,559 100 S S 150 100 44 38.4 - S S 39.5 - 39.6
Single modes 1,011 64.8 3,010 52 146 97.3 44 36.5 12.7 42.5 15.9 40.9 3.5 39.2
Truck6 709 45.5 S S 144 95.9 44 25.9 16.2 S S 41.5 3.7 39.2
For-hire truck 201 12.9 839 14.5 S S S 29.6 12.8 44.4 14.6 S S S
Private truck 508 32.6 932 16.1 43 28.8 37 39.1 13.8 28.8 19.1 27.4 15.3 30.3
Rail 23 1.5 210 3.6 1 0.4 S 26.7 9.8 31.1 7.6 24.6 0.8 S
Pipeline7 S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 1 S S S S S S -

SCTG2 06-09, Grains, alcohol, and tobacco products

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes 4,892 100 4,595 100 750 100 69 20.7 - 19.5 - 26 - 34.8
Single modes 4,888 99.9 4,594 100 749 99.9 66 20.7 0.1 19.5 0.1 26.1 0.3 29.7
Truck6 4,888 99.9 4,594 100 749 99.9 66 20.7 0.1 19.5 0.1 26.1 0.3 29.7
For-hire truck 1,240 25.4 2,692 58.6 566 75.4 257 31.6 11.5 35.4 11.6 37 11.8 15.3
Private truck 3,648 74.6 1,903 41.4 184 24.5 41 31.3 11.5 27.5 11.6 34.1 11.8 26.7
Multiple modes 4 0.1 1 - S S 509 36.3 0.2 44.8 0.1 S S 34.7
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier 3 0.1 S S - - 507 34.5 0.2 S S 36.2 0.2 34.8
Truck and rail S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S

SCTG2 10-14, Stones, nonmetallic minerals, and metallic ores

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes 297 100 25,706 100 544 100 S 26.5 - 38.6 - 37 - S
Single modes 295 99.4 25,576 99.5 538 99 21 26.5 0.4 38.9 1.5 37.4 0.8 49.9
Truck6 294 99 25,575 99.5 538 99 S 26.7 0.7 38.9 1.5 37.4 0.8 S
For-hire truck 154 51.9 S S S S S 43.5 8.9 S S S S S
Private truck 140 47.1 15,146 58.9 194 35.6 12 43 9.2 48.5 10.4 41.6 10.3 25.4
Rail S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier - - - - S S 233 30.9 - 49.1 - S S 3
Truck and rail S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S

SCTG2 15-19, Coal and petroleum products

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes 9,081 100 14,486 100 746 100 45 42 - 39.6 - 45.4 - 41.2
Single modes 9,043 99.6 14,484 100 745 99.9 32 42.2 3 39.6 0.3 45.5 2.6 11.2
Truck6 8,433 92.9 13,690 94.5 607 81.4 32 42.5 3.5 39.6 2.3 38.3 5.6 11.2
For-hire truck S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Private truck 4,030 44.4 6,730 46.5 267 35.8 27 40.1 11.7 32.6 13 25.9 13.8 10.6
Rail S S S S S S 173 S S S S S S -
Multiple modes S S S S S S 432 S S S S S S 47.8
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier S S S S S S 432 S S S S S S 47.8
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 20 S S S S S S 23.4

SCTG2 20-24, Basic chemicals, chemical, and pharmaceutical products

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes 4,711 100 2,031 100 833 100 553 19.5 - 47.4 - 20.7 - 11.5
Single modes 3,531 75 1,927 94.9 694 83.3 263 18.5 6.4 50 2.7 21.1 6.1 23.3
Truck6 3,420 72.6 1,304 64.2 684 82.1 251 18.3 6.7 29.8 8.8 21.1 6.2 22.3
For-hire truck 2,776 58.9 687 33.8 600 72.1 819 23.6 6.5 24.2 11.9 22.9 7.2 5.2
Private truck 644 13.7 S S S S 67 20.9 5.5 S S S S 11.3
Rail 5 0.1 3 0.1 2 0.3 876 1.8 0.5 1.8 0.5 1.8 0.7 -
Water S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Shallow draft S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Air (incl truck and air) S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Pipeline7 S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Multiple modes 1,137 24.1 90 4.4 S S 616 43.2 6.5 47.9 2.5 S S 13.4
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier 1,005 21.3 41 2 S S 615 49.2 6.4 48.5 1.3 S S 13.4
Truck and water S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Other multiple modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Other and unknown modes 43 0.9 14 0.7 15 1.8 S 37.8 0.3 46.5 0.3 49.2 0.6 S

SCTG2 25-30, Logs, wood products, and textile and leather

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes 10,152 100 2,251 100 719 100 S 33.2 - 17.7 - 18.3 - S
Single modes 4,816 47.4 2,167 96.3 695 96.7 118 12.1 12.1 18.4 2.1 18.4 1.2 34.5
Truck6 4,815 47.4 2,167 96.3 695 96.7 109 12.1 12.1 18.4 2.1 18.4 1.2 36.8
For-hire truck 2,473 24.4 1,338 59.4 592 82.3 369 12.6 10.4 29.7 6.2 23.6 6.6 16.7
Private truck 2,342 23.1 829 36.8 103 14.3 32 23.7 4.4 19 6.3 27.7 5.9 47.8
Air (incl truck and air) S S S S S S 1,077 S S S S S S 30.5
Multiple modes S S S S 22 3 S S S S S 35.8 1.1 S
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier S S S S 12 1.7 S S S S S 34.6 0.9 S
Truck and rail 5 0.1 3 0.1 S S 2,371 22.9 0.4 40.8 0.7 S S 25.5
Truck and water S S S S S S 164 S S S S S S 17.6
Other and unknown modes 25 0.2 S S S S S 30.4 0.2 S S S S S

SCTG2 31-34, Base metal and machinery

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes 5,339 100 10,161 100 782 100 202 19.8 - 18 - 15.9 - 16.9
Single modes 4,430 83 10,076 99.2 742 94.9 96 21.5 3.6 18.2 0.7 16.7 3.6 22.8
Truck6 4,416 82.7 10,009 98.5 723 92.5 94 21.6 3.5 18.4 1.1 17.1 3.7 22.1
For-hire truck 1,942 36.4 1,897 18.7 339 43.4 564 26.9 6.4 20.5 8.7 15.2 8.1 17.3
Private truck 2,473 46.3 8,112 79.8 384 49.1 46 32.8 7 23 9.7 28.5 9.3 15
Rail S S S S S S 677 S S S S S S 41.2
Air (incl truck and air) 9 0.2 - - - - 994 46 0.1 44.9 - 46.8 - 43.6
Multiple modes 839 15.7 70 0.7 S S 377 28.8 2.9 38.8 0.7 S S 26
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier 537 10.1 S S 10 1.3 377 27.3 2.4 S S 44 0.5 26
Truck and rail S S 31 0.3 S S S S S 11.2 3.3 S S S
Truck and water S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S

SCTG2 35-38, Electronic, motorized vehicles, and precision instruments

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes 4,835 100 336 100 S S 1,046 28.6 - 40 - S S 15.6
Single modes 2,673 55.3 277 82.5 S S 867 31.4 8.7 46.6 10.3 S S 20.5
Truck6 2,162 44.7 276 82 S S 168 34 8.4 46.8 10.5 S S 38.8
For-hire truck 1,875 38.8 S S S S S 37.9 8.6 S S S S S
Private truck 287 5.9 56 16.7 S S S 28.5 3.3 37.9 11.1 S S S
Air (incl truck and air) 511 10.6 2 0.5 2 1.2 1,112 38.1 6.3 44.4 1.5 49.7 5.8 18.9
Multiple modes 1,719 35.6 18 5.3 S S 1,115 35.4 8.6 46.8 8 S S 14.5
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier 1,715 35.5 18 5.3 S S 1,115 35.4 8.6 46.5 8 S S 14.5
Truck and water 4 0.1 S S S S S 29.4 0.2 S S S S S
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S

SCTG2 39-43, Furniture, mixed freight and misc. manufactured products

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes 9,625 100 3,776 100 729 100 320 22.6 - 24.9 - 20.7 - 27.8
Single modes 8,723 90.6 3,739 99 706 96.9 139 24.5 3.1 25.2 1.1 21.1 2.8 18
Truck6 8,678 90.2 3,617 95.8 629 86.4 138 24.6 3.1 26.1 2 22.7 4.1 18.1
For-hire truck 2,399 24.9 856 22.7 294 40.3 817 26.7 5.7 29.7 7.4 34 7.8 15.3
Private truck 6,279 65.2 2,761 73.1 336 46.1 70 31.8 6.9 35 8.9 29.7 10.1 26.2
Rail 35 0.4 121 3.2 76 10.5 626 25.8 0.4 28.6 4.1 26.2 8.6 5.9
Air (incl truck and air) S S S S S S 1,396 S S S S S S 38.3
Multiple modes 899 9.3 37 1 23 3.1 535 31.5 3.1 36.6 1.1 33.9 2.8 23.5
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier 897 9.3 37 1 23 3.1 535 31.4 3.1 36.7 1.1 33.9 2.8 23.4
Truck and water S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Other and unknown modes 4 - - - S S 87 34.3 - 33.4 - S S 30.5

SCTG2 99, Commodity Unknown

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes 2 100 - 100 - 100 S 26.5 - 27.2 - 42.7 - S
Single modes 2 83.7 - 93.5 S S S 21.3 9.4 10.3 3.7 S S S
Truck6 2 83.7 - 93.5 S S S 21.3 9.4 10.3 3.7 S S S
Private truck 2 83.7 - 93.5 S S S 21.3 9.4 10.3 3.7 S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier S S S S S S S S S S S S S S

KEY: S = Estimate does not meet publication standards because of high sampling variability or poor response quality. - = Zero or Less than half the unit shown; thus, it has been rounded to zero.

1 Commodity Flow Survey (CFS) geographic areas were drawn from a subset of Combined Statistical Areas (CSAs) and Metropolitan Statistical Areas (MeSAs) as defined by the Office of Management and Budget (OMB). However, CFS metropolitan areas are divided into their state parts when they include more than one state. In addition, the CFS also utilizes a unique geography referred to as, "remainder of state," to represent those areas of a state not contained within a separately published metropolitan area for the CFS (as opposed to not part of any Core-Based Statistical Area (CBSA) as defined by OMB). Because of the differences in the CFS geography, as compared to OMB defined geography, caution should be exercised when comparing CFS estimates to other estimates of similar geography.
2 Standard Classification of Transported Goods.
3 Ton-miles estimates are based on estimated distances traveled along a modeled transportation network.
4 Coefficient of Variation.
5 Estimates exclude shipments of crude petroleum (SCTG 16).
6 "Truck" as a single mode includes any shipment that was made by private truck only, by for-hire truck only, or by a combination of private and for-hire truck.
7 Estimates for pipeline exclude shipments of crude petroleum.

NOTES: Value-of-shipment estimates are reported in current prices. Estimated measures of sampling variability for each estimate known as coefficients of variation (CV) are also provided in these tables. More information on sampling error, confidentiality protection, nonsampling error, sample design, and definitions may be found at http://www.bts.gov/publications/commodity_flow_survey/.
Rows are not shown if all cells for that particular row have no value. For example, Dallas-Fort Worth, TX by Base metal and machinery (31-34) by Water has no data for any shipment characteristic therefore the entire row is not shown. Also, entire commodity groups are not present if there is no such data for that commodity group by area. For example, Washington-Arlington-Alexandria, DC-VA-MD-WV (DC part) by Coal and petroleum products (15-19) has no data for any mode therefore the entire commodity group is not shown.

SOURCE: U.S. Department of Transportation, Research and Innovative Technology Administration, Bureau of Transportation Statistics and U.S. Department of Commerce, U.S. Census Bureau, 2007 Economic Census: Transportation Commodity Flow Survey, December 2009.