Table 8. Shipment Characteristics by Two-Digit Commodity and Mode of Transportation for Metropolitan Area of Origin: 2007

Table 8. Shipment Characteristics by Two-Digit Commodity and Mode of Transportation for Metropolitan Area of Origin: 2007

Estimates are based on data from the 2007 Commodity Flow Survey. Because of rounding, estimates may not be additive.

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All Commodities5

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes 50,493 100 69,132 100 5,386 100 254 12.7 - 14.8 - 11.2 - 40.6
Single modes 39,410 78.1 65,850 95.3 5,122 95.1 227 14.9 4.7 15.8 3.7 11.7 1.6 24.9
Truck6 37,816 74.9 63,004 91.1 4,876 90.5 101 14.2 4.3 16.1 3.8 11.6 2.2 9.3
For-hire truck 17,463 34.6 25,918 37.5 3,277 60.8 386 18.7 4.8 34.9 7.1 18.1 6.4 20.1
Private truck 20,352 40.3 37,086 53.6 1,599 29.7 45 15.1 3.4 21.2 7.5 15.1 6.3 8.2
Rail S S S S S S 295 S S S S S S 40.8
Water S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Shallow draft S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Air (incl truck and air) 554 1.1 4 - 4 0.1 1,113 37.8 0.6 35.5 - 31.3 0.1 31
Pipeline7 S S 1,624 2.3 S S S S S 26 9.9 S S S
Multiple modes 9,947 19.7 282 0.4 223 4.1 S 31.5 4.2 26.6 0.1 33.7 1.6 S
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier 9,489 18.8 193 0.3 105 1.9 S 34 4.5 30.9 0.1 30.4 0.4 S
Truck and rail S S S S S S 1,700 S S S S S S 30
Truck and water S S S S S S 977 S S S S S S 36.1
Other multiple modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Other and unknown modes S S S S 41 0.8 S S S S S 29.2 0.2 S

SCTG2 01, Live animals and live fish

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Single modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Truck6 S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
For-hire truck S S S S S S S S S S S S S S

SCTG2 02, Cereal grains

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes S S S S S S 77 S S S S S S 41
Single modes S S S S S S 85 S S S S S S 39
Truck6 S S S S S S 90 S S S S S S 38.1
For-hire truck S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Private truck S S S S S S 23 S S S S S S 31
Rail 16 1.6 107 2.3 - 0.5 S 43.5 1.6 48.9 3.2 37.1 3.2 S
Pipeline7 S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S

SCTG2 03, Other agricultural products

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes 321 100 196 100 S S 33 47.5 - 45.9 - S S 35.3
Single modes 321 100 196 100 S S 33 47.5 - 45.9 - S S 35.3
Truck6 321 100 196 100 S S 33 47.5 - 45.9 - S S 35.3
For-hire truck S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Private truck S S 164 83.6 S S 33 S S 40.2 9.2 S S 37.7

SCTG2 04, Animal feed and products of animal origin, nec

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes 114 100 782 100 50 100 71 18.2 - 48.9 - 25.3 - 21.9
Single modes 114 100 782 100 50 100 71 18.2 - 48.9 - 25.3 - 21.9
Truck6 107 93.7 680 86.9 50 99.7 73 17.7 4.4 41.7 5.2 25.1 0.1 20.7
For-hire truck S S 225 28.7 20 38.9 94 S S 44.6 18.5 40.4 18.4 27.6
Private truck 66 58 455 58.2 30 60.8 66 27.1 13.8 41.2 14 22.3 14.3 24.5
Rail S S S S S S S S S S S S S S

SCTG2 05, Meat, fish, seafood, and their preparations

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes 123 100 32 100 S S 98 48.6 - 44.3 - S S 26.4
Single modes 123 100 32 100 S S 98 48.6 - 44.3 - S S 26.4
Truck6 123 100 32 100 S S 98 48.6 - 44.3 - S S 26.4
For-hire truck S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Private truck 91 73.5 26 79.5 S S 57 33.6 14.2 33.1 11.2 S S 10.5
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S

SCTG2 06, Milled grain products and preparations and bakery products

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes 2,754 100 1,908 100 294 100 146 38.2 - 34.2 - 37.8 - 13.1
Single modes 2,752 99.9 1,907 100 293 99.9 145 38.3 0.3 34.2 0.1 37.8 0.6 13.2
Truck6 2,752 99.9 1,907 100 293 99.9 145 38.3 0.3 34.2 0.1 37.8 0.6 13.2
For-hire truck 499 18.1 1,272 66.7 214 72.8 203 32 17.8 45.7 12.3 48.2 12 7.7
Private truck 2,253 81.8 635 33.3 79 27.1 91 45.9 14.3 35.7 14.5 35.2 15.1 19.4
Multiple modes 2 0.1 - - S S S 21.9 1.5 27.7 0.3 S S S
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Truck and rail S S S S S S S S S S S S S S

SCTG2 07, Other prepared foodstuffs and fats and oils

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes 1,449 100 2,376 100 444 100 S 32.4 - 28.3 - 38.3 - S
Single modes 1,447 99.9 2,375 100 444 100 S 32.4 0.3 28.3 0.1 38.3 0.2 S
Truck6 1,447 99.9 2,375 100 444 100 S 32.4 0.3 28.3 0.1 38.3 0.2 S
For-hire truck S S 1,412 59.4 348 78.5 336 S S 44.2 12.8 48.5 14.3 34.7
Private truck 713 49.2 963 40.6 S S 48 35.3 12.7 40.7 13 S S 22.9
Multiple modes 2 0.1 S S - - 526 38.7 0.7 S S 40.2 0.4 38.7
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier 2 0.1 S S - - 526 38.7 0.7 S S 40.2 0.4 38.7
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S

SCTG2 08, Alcoholic beverages

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes 543 100 310 100 S S 32 35.8 - 44.1 - S S 38.2
Single modes 543 100 310 100 S S 32 35.8 - 44.1 - S S 38.2
Truck6 543 100 310 100 S S 32 35.8 - 44.1 - S S 38.2
For-hire truck S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Private truck 536 98.7 302 97.5 9 71.5 32 35.3 0.6 43.4 1.1 40.1 11.2 38.9

SCTG2 09, Tobacco products

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Single modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Truck6 S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Private truck S S S S S S S S S S S S S S

SCTG2 10, Calcareous monumental or building stone

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes 33 100 150 100 32 100 195 25 - 40.5 - 35.7 - 39.6
Single modes 33 99.8 150 100 32 100 196 25.1 0.5 40.5 - 35.7 - 39.4
Truck6 32 96.6 150 99.5 32 99.8 198 27.2 8.8 40.3 0.2 35.8 0.7 39.3
For-hire truck 19 56.9 80 52.9 30 93.8 402 33.5 15.8 17.6 15.7 32.1 10.9 30.3
Private truck 13 39.8 S S 2 6 45 38.9 14.5 S S 31.5 19.2 36.1
Rail S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Truck and rail S S S S S S S S S S S S S S

SCTG2 11, Natural sands

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes 22 100 S S 23 100 S 46.4 - S S 48.6 - S
Single modes 22 99.1 S S 22 98.2 S 46.5 0.5 S S 49 1 S
Truck6 22 99.1 S S 22 98.2 S 46.5 0.5 S S 49 1 S
For-hire truck 16 73.9 S S 15 65.5 S 36.7 6.2 S S 32 12.7 S
Private truck S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Multiple modes - - - - S S 233 30.9 0.1 49.1 0.1 S S 3
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier - - - - S S 233 30.9 0.1 49.1 0.1 S S 3
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S

SCTG2 12, Gravel and crushed stone

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes 161 100 21,130 100 S S 16 47.6 - 47.5 - S S 19.3
Single modes 161 99.7 21,064 99.7 S S 16 47.8 1.2 47.7 1.9 S S 19.1
Truck6 161 99.7 21,064 99.7 S S 16 47.8 1.2 47.7 1.9 S S 19.1
For-hire truck S S S S S S 24 S S S S S S 17.7
Private truck S S S S S S 12 S S S S S S 24.7
Other and unknown modes S S S S 1 0.1 S S S S S 49 2.9 S

SCTG2 13, Nonmetallic minerals nec

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes S S 3,477 100 S S 35 S S 28.5 - S S 47.8
Single modes S S 3,476 100 S S 34 S S 28.5 - S S 46.8
Truck6 S S 3,476 100 S S 34 S S 28.5 - S S 46.8
For-hire truck S S 678 19.5 S S S S S 48.4 7.1 S S S
Private truck 27 33.1 2,797 80.4 43 37.7 14 27.9 18.4 25.4 5.8 22 17 12.9
Multiple modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Truck and rail S S S S S S S S S S S S S S

SCTG2 17, Gasoline and aviation turbine fuel

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes 4,858 100 6,279 100 378 100 44 48.1 - 49.1 - 48 - 32.5
Single modes 4,858 100 6,279 100 378 100 44 48.1 - 49.1 - 48 - 32.5
Truck6 S S S S 241 63.7 44 S S S S 35.8 12.2 33.2
For-hire truck 1,902 39.2 2,488 39.6 108 28.6 44 48.4 8.9 48.2 9.1 47.2 8.4 40.5
Private truck S S S S 133 35.1 43 S S S S 43.8 14.5 38.5
Rail S S S S S S 173 S S S S S S -

SCTG2 18, Fuel oils

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes 3,815 100 6,173 100 332 100 29 39.6 - 44.1 - 46.4 - 16.3
Single modes 3,815 100 6,173 100 332 100 29 39.6 - 44.1 - 46.4 - 16.3
Truck6 3,815 100 6,173 100 332 100 29 39.6 - 44.1 - 46.4 - 16.3
For-hire truck S S S S S S 52 S S S S S S 18
Private truck 1,422 37.3 1,925 31.2 106 32 25 22.7 14.7 22.8 16.2 26 18 19.8
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S

SCTG2 19, Coal and petroleum products, nec

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes 408 100 2,034 100 36 100 89 29.9 - 34.1 - 30.5 - 32.3
Single modes 370 90.7 2,032 99.9 35 97 29 26.7 3.6 34.2 0.3 31.5 2.7 19.9
Truck6 370 90.7 2,032 99.9 35 97 29 26.7 3.6 34.2 0.3 31.5 2.7 19.9
For-hire truck 108 26.5 S S 7 18.5 S 31.5 11.2 S S 32.4 11.4 S
Private truck 262 64.2 1,808 88.9 28 78.5 23 25.4 9.7 39.9 8.3 36 8.2 14.4
Multiple modes S S S S S S 432 S S S S S S 47.8
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier S S S S S S 432 S S S S S S 47.8
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 21 S S S S S S 24.7

SCTG2 20, Basic chemicals

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes 784 100 S S 255 100 370 29.2 - S S 44.4 - 34.9
Single modes 717 91.5 S S 241 94.3 S 32.7 10.2 S S 46.1 6.5 S
Truck6 689 87.8 S S 236 92.3 S 32.3 9.8 S S 46.3 6.3 S
For-hire truck 570 72.6 S S 179 70.1 684 33.8 12.3 S S 48.2 11.4 18.6
Private truck S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Rail 5 0.6 3 0.2 2 0.9 876 1.8 2.3 1.8 1.8 1.8 3.6 -
Air (incl truck and air) S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Pipeline7 S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 941 S S S S S S 42.8
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier S S S S S S 941 S S S S S S 42.8
Other and unknown modes 30 3.8 12 1 14 5.5 S 41.4 14.2 36.7 6.7 41.6 6.6 S

SCTG2 21, Pharmaceutical products

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes S S 14 100 17 100 S S S 29.1 - 32.2 - S
Single modes S S 10 71.3 15 86.2 1,317 S S 35.9 14 38.8 6.4 19.6
Truck6 S S 10 71.3 15 86.2 1,327 S S 35.9 14 38.8 6.4 19.7
For-hire truck S S 9 64.2 15 85.1 1,431 S S 32.5 15.8 38.3 6.6 20.3
Private truck S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Air (incl truck and air) S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 494 S S S S S S S
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier S S S S S S 494 S S S S S S S
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S

SCTG2 23, Chemical products and preparations, nec

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes 668 100 230 100 164 100 349 35.8 - 35.6 - 49.2 - 18.9
Single modes 516 77.2 200 86.6 100 60.9 S 30 8.4 32 4.9 34.9 12.8 S
Truck6 516 77.2 200 86.6 100 60.9 S 30 8.4 32 4.9 34.9 12.8 S
For-hire truck 276 41.4 123 53.5 87 52.9 562 32.8 9.4 33.8 10 34.7 13.4 26.4
Private truck 240 35.9 76 33.1 13 8 55 25.1 11.5 26.2 10.9 25.1 7.2 17.3
Multiple modes S S S S S S 732 S S S S S S 15.6
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier S S S S S S 723 S S S S S S 15.5
Truck and water S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Other and unknown modes S S - 0.1 S S S S S 47.9 5.3 S S S

SCTG2 24, Plastics and rubber

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes 2,599 100 545 100 397 100 677 30.1 - 32.4 - 33.1 - 11.6
Single modes 2,156 82.9 490 89.8 339 85.5 350 28.3 4.3 31.4 2.7 31.9 4.7 16.2
Truck6 2,073 79.8 464 85.2 334 84.2 331 28.4 5 31.7 4.3 32.1 4.9 16.7
For-hire truck 1,791 68.9 395 72.4 320 80.7 890 33.6 8.3 37.6 7.2 33.6 6 6.3
Private truck 282 10.8 70 12.8 14 3.5 85 22.4 6.2 21.4 7.2 24.1 3.9 10.1
Water S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Shallow draft S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Air (incl truck and air) 15 0.6 S S S S S 44.1 1.9 S S S S S
Multiple modes 432 16.6 S S S S 773 46.4 4.2 S S S S 8.8
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier S S S S S S 772 S S S S S S 8.7
Truck and water S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Other multiple modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Other and unknown modes 12 0.4 1 0.3 S S S 41.9 0.4 43 0.2 S S S

SCTG2 25, Logs and other wood in the rough

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes S S S S S S 152 S S S S S S 38.4
Single modes S S S S S S 152 S S S S S S 38.4
Truck6 S S S S S S 152 S S S S S S 38.4
For-hire truck S S S S S S 189 S S S S S S 11
Private truck S S S S S S S S S S S S S S

SCTG2 26, Wood products

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes 488 100 378 100 50 100 147 19.3 - 35.2 - 41.7 - 14.3
Single modes 445 91.3 374 98.8 49 97.9 91 22.6 7.7 35.9 5.4 43.1 8 12.8
Truck6 445 91.3 374 98.8 49 97.9 91 22.6 7.7 35.9 5.4 43.1 8 12.8
For-hire truck 88 18 78 20.5 S S 301 36.9 9.2 48.3 6.3 S S 45.1
Private truck 358 73.4 296 78.3 23 46.7 77 24.6 8.2 32.6 6.2 29.9 10.7 10.7
Multiple modes S S S S S S 236 S S S S S S 35.2
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier S S S S S S 236 S S S S S S 35.2
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S

SCTG2 27, Pulp, newsprint, paper, and paperboard

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes 767 100 433 100 299 100 S 23.1 - 27.2 - 34.6 - S
Single modes 743 96.9 423 97.7 291 97.3 S 22.7 1.3 27.2 1.2 33.8 0.9 S
Truck6 743 96.9 423 97.6 291 97.2 S 22.7 1.3 27.3 1.2 33.9 0.9 S
For-hire truck 616 80.3 344 79.5 288 96.2 611 26.4 5.4 32.2 9.4 33.9 1.3 16.3
Private truck 127 16.5 79 18.1 3 1 25 21.9 6.3 25 10.5 37.9 0.8 40.2
Air (incl truck and air) S S S S S S 1,763 S S S S S S 9.8
Multiple modes S S S S S S 457 S S S S S S 30.6
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier S S S S S S 446 S S S S S S 48.5
Truck and rail S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Truck and water S S S S S S 164 S S S S S S 17.6
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S

SCTG2 28, Paper or paperboard articles

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes 860 100 539 100 115 100 S 11.2 - 15.1 - 17.5 - S
Single modes 838 97.5 517 96 110 96.1 S 11.5 0.9 14.8 1.7 18 2.9 S
Truck6 838 97.5 517 96 110 96.1 S 11.5 0.9 14.8 1.7 18 2.9 S
For-hire truck 554 64.4 358 66.4 91 79.2 401 19.5 9.1 16.8 6.5 17 5.2 17.6
Private truck 284 33 160 29.7 19 16.9 S 32.3 8.8 24.2 6 43.3 4.7 S
Multiple modes 12 1.4 S S S S 805 38.2 1.1 S S S S 28.7
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier 11 1.2 S S S S 800 49 1.1 S S S S 26.1
Truck and rail S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 36 S S S S S S 48.1

SCTG2 29, Printed products

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes S S 180 100 S S S S S 29.7 - S S S
Single modes S S 140 78.1 S S S S S 35.1 15.6 S S S
Truck6 S S 140 78.1 S S S S S 35.1 15.6 S S S
For-hire truck S S 93 51.8 S S S S S 42.7 15 S S S
Private truck 170 3.2 47 26.3 1 1.6 S 28.6 18.4 29.1 13.6 40.5 17.1 S
Multiple modes S S S S 2 3.9 S S S S S 44.9 18.1 S
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier S S S S 2 3.9 S S S S S 44.9 18.1 S
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 17 S S S S S S 38.5

SCTG2 30, Textiles, leather, and articles of textiles or leather

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes 2,721 100 280 100 118 100 877 27.7 - 36.9 - 30.8 - 12.7
Single modes 2,171 79.8 271 96.8 110 93.3 634 29.2 8.7 36.9 3.2 30.5 2.9 19.3
Truck6 2,171 79.8 271 96.8 110 93.2 597 29.2 8.7 36.9 3.2 30.5 3 18.8
For-hire truck 781 28.7 62 22.3 56 47.8 838 28.9 12.3 33.1 14.5 35.6 12 10.1
Private truck 1,390 51.1 208 74.5 53 45.4 77 38.3 12.4 41.2 15.3 43.2 11.2 47.8
Air (incl truck and air) S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Multiple modes 541 19.9 9 3.2 S S 1,008 39.7 8.8 48 2.4 S S 12.8
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier 541 19.9 9 3.2 S S 1,008 39.7 8.8 48 2.4 S S 12.8
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S

SCTG2 31, Nonmetallic mineral products

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes 1,067 100 8,908 100 602 100 68 15 - 17.5 - 18.1 - 48.8
Single modes 1,049 98.4 8,878 99.7 598 99.4 S 15.5 1.5 17.5 0.2 17.8 0.3 S
Truck6 1,045 98 8,811 98.9 580 96.5 S 15.7 1.6 17.8 1 18 2 S
For-hire truck 352 33 1,695 19 252 41.8 219 18.8 8.7 22.8 10.2 15.2 10.6 20.7
Private truck 693 64.9 7,116 79.9 329 54.6 46 22.5 8.7 23 10.7 31.7 10.9 32.1
Rail S S S S S S 267 S S S S S S 11.9
Multiple modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Other and unknown modes S S 9 0.1 S S 41 S S 46.4 0.1 S S 30.1

SCTG2 32, Base metal in prim. or semifin. forms & in finished basic shapes

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes 1,277 100 S S 48 100 S 46.2 - S S 41.6 - S
Single modes 1,270 99.4 S S 48 99.9 S 46.5 10.1 S S 41.7 9.9 S
Truck6 1,270 99.4 S S 48 99.9 S 46.5 10.1 S S 41.7 9.9 S
For-hire truck S S S S 6 13.2 587 S S S S 48.1 11 25.2
Private truck 1,197 93.7 S S 42 86.7 46 49.3 10.6 S S 47.8 11.2 16.6
Multiple modes S S - - S S 496 S S 46.3 19.2 S S 32.2
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier S S - - S S 496 S S 46.3 19.2 S S 32.2
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 27 S S S S S S 33

SCTG2 33, Articles of base metal

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes 884 100 235 100 40 100 300 23.1 - 35.4 - 28.5 - 25.5
Single modes 673 76.1 222 94.4 35 86.7 79 27.7 8.6 36.9 5 32.7 8.7 39.8
Truck6 672 76.1 222 94.4 35 86.6 77 27.7 8.6 36.9 5 32.7 8.7 33.5
For-hire truck 334 37.8 108 45.8 23 58.5 S 29.8 8.3 35.3 9 28.5 8.3 S
Private truck 338 38.2 115 48.7 11 28.1 46 31.8 9.7 41.4 8.5 44.4 6 20.6
Air (incl truck and air) 1 0.1 - - - - 1,264 48.8 0.3 48.2 0.1 32.5 0.6 32.2
Multiple modes 203 23 S S S S 462 37.4 8.7 S S S S 20.9
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier 203 23 S S S S 462 37.4 8.7 S S S S 20.9
Other and unknown modes S S S S - - S S S S S 36.6 0.1 S

SCTG2 34, Machinery

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes 2,111 100 144 100 92 100 347 29.2 - 29.2 - 43.1 - 25.5
Single modes 1,438 68.1 102 70.7 S S 367 35.7 6 34.9 8.4 S S 41.9
Truck6 1,429 67.7 102 70.6 S S 358 35.9 6.1 35 8.4 S S 41.4
For-hire truck 1,183 56 71 49.2 S S 963 43.9 7.9 45.3 7.4 S S 12.7
Private truck 246 11.6 31 21.5 2 2.6 41 23.1 7.6 33.6 9.7 48.2 5.9 42.2
Rail S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Air (incl truck and air) 9 0.4 - 0.1 - 0.3 S 45.3 0.6 43.6 0.5 43.6 1 S
Multiple modes 617 29.2 S S S S 353 38.5 6.6 S S S S 37.8
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier 315 14.9 S S 3 3.7 353 36.6 6.9 S S 48.5 3.9 37.9
Truck and rail S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Truck and water S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S

SCTG2 35, Electronic & other electrical equip & components & office equip

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes 1,248 100 44 100 19 100 1,085 34.2 - 37.5 - 47.9 - 22.4
Single modes 264 21.1 S S S S S 34.2 11.4 S S S S S
Truck6 252 20.2 S S S S S 35.1 11.6 S S S S S
For-hire truck S S S S S S 746 S S S S S S 25.3
Private truck S S S S - 1.7 23 S S S S 49.5 8.8 21.9
Air (incl truck and air) S S - 0.1 - 0.1 S S S 45.5 1.1 11.1 0.1 S
Multiple modes 955 76.5 S S S S 1,127 45 12.1 S S S S 20.3
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier 955 76.5 S S S S 1,127 45 12.1 S S S S 20.3
Other and unknown modes 30 2.4 2 4.6 S S S 38.7 15.4 41.6 20 S S S

SCTG2 36, Motorized and other vehicles (including parts)

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes 1,878 100 S S S S 174 45 - S S S S 34.7
Single modes S S S S S S 186 S S S S S S 33.7
Truck6 S S S S S S 186 S S S S S S 33.7
For-hire truck S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Private truck 176 9.4 31 11.8 S S S 34.6 18 44.9 18.6 S S S
Multiple modes 52 2.8 2 0.8 S S S 25 11.8 28.7 11.9 S S S
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier 48 2.6 2 0.7 1 0.8 S 24.6 11.9 29 11.9 45.7 14.7 S
Truck and water 4 0.2 S S S S S 29.4 0.3 S S S S S
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S

SCTG2 37, Transportation equipment, nec

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes S S S S S S 698 S S S S S S 22.5
Single modes S S S S S S 715 S S S S S S 26.4
Truck6 S S S S S S 716 S S S S S S 26.3
For-hire truck S S S S S S 718 S S S S S S 26.1
Private truck S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Air (incl truck and air) S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier S S S S S S S S S S S S S S

SCTG2 38, Precision instruments and apparatus

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes 1,586 100 12 100 9 100 1,093 28.9 - 39.1 - 28.7 - 7.8
Single modes 874 55.1 9 69.8 5 58 1,067 40.5 11.9 48.2 11.4 37.2 11.2 25.1
Truck6 375 23.6 7 57.8 4 40.9 S 41.1 7.5 48.2 10.1 35.6 9.3 S
For-hire truck 343 21.6 7 54.9 4 40.7 S 43.9 6.8 49.9 9.9 35.5 9.2 S
Private truck 31 2 - 2.9 S S 41 34.8 1.4 36.5 2.3 S S 26.5
Air (incl truck and air) 499 31.5 S S 2 17.1 1,114 31.5 7.6 S S 44.8 11.4 10.3
Multiple modes 712 44.9 4 30.2 4 42 1,133 31.3 12.5 22.3 13.6 21.8 12.2 9
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier 712 44.9 4 30.2 4 42 1,133 31.3 12.5 22.3 13.6 21.8 12.2 9
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S

SCTG2 39, Furniture, mattresses & mattress supports, lamps, lighting

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes 393 100 43 100 13 100 373 25.7 - 22.7 - 25.2 - 30.9
Single modes 391 99.4 42 99.5 13 98.3 298 26.1 1.2 22.8 0.9 25.9 2.7 43.5
Truck6 391 99.4 42 99.5 13 98.3 285 26.1 1.3 22.8 1 25.9 2.8 46.3
For-hire truck 74 18.9 9 21 S S 924 43.3 17 48.2 16.4 S S 25.2
Private truck 317 80.5 33 78.6 6 48.4 107 32.8 15.1 26.4 14.4 29 17.9 22.8
Air (incl truck and air) S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Multiple modes 2 0.4 - 0.4 S S 881 38.9 1.4 31.5 1.4 S S 16.4
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier 2 0.4 - 0.4 S S 881 38.9 1.4 31.5 1.4 S S 16.4
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S

SCTG2 40, Miscellaneous manufactured products

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes 1,493 100 235 100 199 100 773 40.1 - 44 - 48.4 - 15.8
Single modes 967 64.8 212 89.9 S S 659 49.5 9.3 47.7 10.3 S S 20.5
Truck6 S S 211 89.8 S S 659 S S 47.8 10.3 S S 20.5
For-hire truck S S S S S S 1,156 S S S S S S 11.4
Private truck 187 12.5 43 18.4 7 3.3 91 40.1 9.7 30.1 12 48 4.2 40.9
Air (incl truck and air) S S S S S S 881 S S S S S S 42.5
Multiple modes 524 35.1 23 9.9 19 9.5 807 28.1 9.3 30.8 10.1 34.8 11.9 12
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier 522 35 23 9.9 19 9.5 807 28.2 9.3 30.9 10.1 34.8 11.9 12
Truck and water S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Other and unknown modes 2 0.1 - 0.1 S S 67 20.7 0.1 31.1 0.2 S S 32.2

SCTG2 41, Waste and scrap

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes 35 100 121 100 76 100 626 25.8 - 28.6 - 26.2 - 5.9
Single modes 35 100 121 100 76 100 626 25.8 - 28.6 - 26.2 - 5.9
Rail 35 100 121 100 76 100 626 25.8 - 28.6 - 26.2 - 5.9

SCTG2 43, Mixed freight

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes 7,703 100 3,377 100 440 100 138 25.4 - 25.2 - 18.6 - 18.6
Single modes 7,329 95.1 3,364 99.6 437 99.2 72 27 2.9 25.4 0.4 18.8 0.5 20.4
Truck6 7,329 95.1 3,364 99.6 437 99.2 72 27 2.9 25.4 0.4 18.8 0.5 20.4
For-hire truck 1,553 20.2 679 20.1 114 25.9 S 21.3 6.6 31.8 10.5 31.6 11.2 S
Private truck 5,775 75 2,684 79.5 323 73.2 68 32.5 8 34.3 9.8 28.9 10.7 21.1
Multiple modes S S S S 4 0.8 S S S S S 48.3 0.6 S
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier S S S S 4 0.8 S S S S S 48.3 0.6 S
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S

SCTG2 99, Commodity Unknown

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes 2 100 - 100 - 100 S 26.5 - 27.2 - 42.7 - S
Single modes 2 83.7 - 93.5 S S S 21.3 9.4 10.3 3.7 S S S
Truck6 2 83.7 - 93.5 S S S 21.3 9.4 10.3 3.7 S S S
Private truck 2 83.7 - 93.5 S S S 21.3 9.4 10.3 3.7 S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier S S S S S S S S S S S S S S

KEY: S = Estimate does not meet publication standards because of high sampling variability or poor response quality. - = Zero or Less than half the unit shown; thus, it has been rounded to zero.

1 Commodity Flow Survey (CFS) geographic areas were drawn from a subset of Combined Statistical Areas (CSAs) and Metropolitan Statistical Areas (MeSAs) as defined by the Office of Management and Budget (OMB). However, CFS metropolitan areas are divided into their state parts when they include more than one state. In addition, the CFS also utilizes a unique geography referred to as, "remainder of state," to represent those areas of a state not contained within a separately published metropolitan area for the CFS (as opposed to not part of any Core-Based Statistical Area (CBSA) as defined by OMB). Because of the differences in the CFS geography, as compared to OMB defined geography, caution should be exercised when comparing CFS estimates to other estimates of similar geography.
2 Standard Classification of Transported Goods.
3 Ton-miles estimates are based on estimated distances traveled along a modeled transportation network.
4 Coefficient of Variation.
5 Estimates exclude shipments of crude petroleum (SCTG 16).
6 "Truck" as a single mode includes any shipment that was made by private truck only, by for-hire truck only, or by a combination of private and for-hire truck.
7 Estimates for pipeline exclude shipments of crude petroleum.

NOTES: Value-of-shipment estimates are reported in current prices. Estimated measures of sampling variability for each estimate known as coefficients of variation (CV) are also provided in these tables. More information on sampling error, confidentiality protection, nonsampling error, sample design, and definitions may be found at http://www.bts.gov/publications/commodity_flow_survey/.
Rows are not shown if all cells for that particular row have no value. For example, Orlando-Deltona-Daytona Beach, FL by Alcoholic Beverages (08) by Air has no data for any cell therefore the entire row is not shown. Also, two-digit commodities are not present if there is no such data for an entire commodity by area. For example, Pittsburgh-New Castle, PA by Cereal Grains (02) has no data for any mode therefore the entire commodity is not shown.

SOURCE: U.S. Department of Transportation, Research and Innovative Technology Administration, Bureau of Transportation Statistics and U.S. Department of Commerce, U.S. Census Bureau, 2007 Economic Census: Transportation Commodity Flow Survey, December 2009.