Table 3. Shipment Characteristics by Mode of Transportation and Distance Shipped for Metropolitan Area of Origin: 2007

Table 3. Shipment Characteristics by Mode of Transportation and Distance Shipped for Metropolitan Area of Origin: 2007

Estimates are based on data from the 2007 Commodity Flow Survey. Because of rounding, estimates may not be additive.

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All modes

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles2 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 243,052 100 209,792 100 33,282 100 6.6 - 16.7 - 9.7 -
Less than 50 miles 80,372 33.1 139,443 66.5 3,121 9.4 13.5 2.8 20.5 4.2 26 1.7
50 - 99 miles 16,421 6.8 11,357 5.4 1,089 3.3 10 0.6 23 0.8 24.6 0.5
100 - 249 miles 48,337 19.9 29,193 13.9 6,432 19.3 12.2 1.6 21.5 1.8 22.5 3.1
250 - 499 miles 43,330 17.8 15,223 7.3 6,753 20.3 5.9 0.8 9.4 1.4 9.7 1.8
500 - 749 miles 33,166 13.6 9,070 4.3 7,029 21.1 7.3 0.8 6.5 0.8 6.6 1.6
750 - 999 miles 9,855 4.1 2,839 1.4 2,954 8.9 14.5 0.7 19.4 0.4 19.5 1.5
1,000 - 1,499 miles 2,650 1.1 483 0.2 672 2 11.6 0.1 22.7 0.1 22.9 0.4
1,500 - 2,000 miles 5,898 2.4 1,284 0.6 2,835 8.5 11.8 0.2 27.9 0.2 28.1 1.8
More than 2,000 miles 3,020 1.2 899 0.4 2,397 7.2 12.4 0.1 29.8 0.1 29.7 1.5

Single modes

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles2 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 205,833 100 202,626 100 30,442 100 7.3 - 17 - 10.2 -
Less than 50 miles 73,237 35.6 136,617 67.4 3,042 10 14.9 3.4 20.6 4.3 26.5 1.8
50 - 99 miles 14,360 7 10,922 5.4 1,048 3.4 10.6 0.6 23.9 0.8 25.7 0.5
100 - 249 miles 41,912 20.4 27,907 13.8 6,161 20.2 14.3 1.8 22.3 1.9 23.1 3
250 - 499 miles 36,648 17.8 14,247 7 6,262 20.6 7.3 0.8 9.1 1.4 9.3 2
500 - 749 miles 24,698 12 8,051 4 6,080 20 8.8 1 7.9 0.8 8.1 1.8
750 - 999 miles 7,834 3.8 2,471 1.2 2,561 8.4 18.9 0.8 20.3 0.4 20.5 1.5
1,000 - 1,499 miles 1,876 0.9 449 0.2 623 2 16.8 0.2 25.2 0.1 25.5 0.5
1,500 - 2,000 miles 3,783 1.8 1,148 0.6 2,513 8.3 11.8 0.2 29.4 0.2 29.8 1.8
More than 2,000 miles 1,485 0.7 814 0.4 2,151 7.1 13.1 0.1 33.1 0.1 33.3 1.7

Truck4

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles2 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 200,373 100 199,462 100 28,789 100 7.7 - 17.2 - 10.5 -
Less than 50 miles 72,675 36.3 136,548 68.5 3,037 10.5 15.2 3.5 20.6 4.4 26.5 1.9
50 - 99 miles 14,343 7.2 10,869 5.4 1,041 3.6 10.6 0.7 24.1 0.8 25.9 0.5
100 - 249 miles 40,774 20.3 26,170 13.1 5,781 20.1 14.9 1.9 23.5 1.9 24.6 2.9
250 - 499 miles 35,874 17.9 13,904 7 6,075 21.1 7.6 0.9 8.9 1.4 9 2
500 - 749 miles 23,234 11.6 7,385 3.7 5,509 19.1 9.6 1 7.9 0.9 8 2.1
750 - 999 miles 6,859 3.4 2,297 1.2 2,363 8.2 20.2 0.8 19 0.4 19.1 1.5
1,000 - 1,499 miles 1,785 0.9 447 0.2 620 2.2 18 0.2 25.3 0.1 25.6 0.5
1,500 - 2,000 miles 3,507 1.8 1,060 0.5 2,302 8 13.1 0.2 29.9 0.2 30.4 1.7
More than 2,000 miles 1,322 0.7 782 0.4 2,061 7.2 13.2 0.1 32.6 0.1 32.8 1.7

For-hire truck

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles2 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 121,329 100 79,390 100 20,172 100 8.1 - 18.5 - 12.4 -
Less than 50 miles 28,293 23.3 43,944 55.4 918 4.6 15 3.7 31.7 6.9 27.2 1.6
50 - 99 miles 5,465 4.5 3,269 4.1 295 1.5 13.9 0.3 15.4 0.6 14.1 0.3
100 - 249 miles 27,395 22.6 10,633 13.4 2,413 12 21.5 2.5 16.2 3 16.1 1.7
250 - 499 miles 28,434 23.4 10,971 13.8 4,854 24.1 9.7 1 11.6 2.1 11.6 1.8
500 - 749 miles 18,861 15.5 6,170 7.8 4,622 22.9 9 1.4 7.7 1.5 7.9 2.7
750 - 999 miles 6,511 5.4 2,220 2.8 2,282 11.3 20 1.4 19.3 1 19.4 1.7
1,000 - 1,499 miles 1,601 1.3 387 0.5 536 2.7 14.1 0.2 20.1 0.1 20.4 0.4
1,500 - 2,000 miles 3,453 2.8 1,053 1.3 2,289 11.3 13.5 0.3 30.3 0.3 30.7 2
More than 2,000 miles 1,316 1.1 744 0.9 1,963 9.7 13.1 0.2 30.9 0.3 31.2 1.9

Private truck

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles2 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 79,043 100 120,072 100 8,617 100 15.5 - 26.7 - 29.1 -
Less than 50 miles 44,382 56.1 92,604 77.1 2,119 24.6 22.8 3.3 26 4.1 33.7 2.8
50 - 99 miles 8,877 11.2 7,600 6.3 746 8.7 15.1 1.7 33.5 1.3 35.6 0.9
100 - 249 miles 13,379 16.9 15,537 12.9 3,367 39.1 11.4 1.5 41.7 2.4 44.7 4.6
250 - 499 miles 7,440 9.4 2,932 2.4 1,221 14.2 11.6 0.8 7.8 0.7 6.9 2.5
500 - 749 miles 4,373 5.5 1,216 1 888 10.3 24 1.2 17 0.4 18 2.5
750 - 999 miles 348 0.4 77 0.1 81 0.9 34.1 0.2 34.9 0.1 34.7 0.5
1,000 - 1,499 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
1,500 - 2,000 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
More than 2,000 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S

Rail

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles2 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 1,230 100 3,094 100 1,600 100 15.8 - 25.4 - 26.3 -
Less than 50 miles 70 5.7 64 2.1 2 0.1 33.1 2.5 37.8 2 29.3 0.2
50 - 99 miles 17 1.4 52 1.7 7 0.4 34.4 1.1 35.1 4 31.5 1.4
100 - 249 miles 723 58.8 1,719 55.5 376 23.5 28.5 10.9 45.8 11.7 48.1 9.3
250 - 499 miles 88 7.2 336 10.9 184 11.5 26.3 4.8 37.1 6.3 36.6 4.9
500 - 749 miles 209 17 637 20.6 550 34.4 8.5 4.9 24.2 6.3 23.5 5.6
750 - 999 miles 76 6.2 S S S S 32.5 3.7 S S S S
1,000 - 1,499 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
1,500 - 2,000 miles 43 3.5 S S S S 30.5 3.2 S S S S
More than 2,000 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S

Water

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles2 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total S S S S S S S S S S S S
Less than 50 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
50 - 99 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
100 - 249 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
250 - 499 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
500 - 749 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
750 - 999 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
1,000 - 1,499 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
1,500 - 2,000 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
More than 2,000 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -

Shallow draft

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles2 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total S S S S S S S S S S S S
Less than 50 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
50 - 99 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
100 - 249 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
250 - 499 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
500 - 749 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
750 - 999 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
1,000 - 1,499 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
1,500 - 2,000 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
More than 2,000 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -

Air (incl truck and air)

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles2 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 4,228 100 69 100 53 100 25.6 - 26.4 - 29 -
Less than 50 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
50 - 99 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
100 - 249 miles 415 9.8 18 26.4 5 9.1 38.2 11.2 44 13.5 45.4 9.2
250 - 499 miles 686 16.2 6 9.2 3 5.6 33.9 4.1 38.4 2.8 37.3 3.7
500 - 749 miles 1,256 29.7 S S 21 40.3 31.3 6.1 S S 49.2 9.4
750 - 999 miles 899 21.3 3 4.2 3 5.1 34.6 9.1 30.3 4.3 29.1 2.9
1,000 - 1,499 miles 91 2.1 S S S S 38.7 2.5 S S S S
1,500 - 2,000 miles 233 5.5 3 4.6 6 11.4 39.9 2.6 40.9 1.7 40.4 5.3
More than 2,000 miles 160 3.8 3 4.2 9 16.6 40.6 1.1 41.6 2 40 5.7

Multiple modes

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles2 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 33,065 100 2,963 100 2,117 100 7.4 - 17.5 - 21.3 -
Less than 50 miles 4,354 13.2 322 10.9 15 0.7 12.7 1.7 34 3.7 42.4 0.8
50 - 99 miles 1,818 5.5 198 6.7 20 0.9 18 0.6 35.9 1.4 35 0.3
100 - 249 miles 6,014 18.2 569 19.2 124 5.9 12.9 1.5 29.5 5.1 30.3 3
250 - 499 miles 6,426 19.4 531 17.9 294 13.9 9.3 1.5 19.4 3.4 20.8 3.4
500 - 749 miles 8,194 24.8 895 30.2 852 40.2 7.5 1.5 27 4.7 26.8 5.7
750 - 999 miles 1,957 5.9 219 7.4 249 11.8 12.8 0.7 44.3 1.8 45.6 2.6
1,000 - 1,499 miles 770 2.3 33 1.1 48 2.3 16.2 0.4 39.1 0.2 42.6 0.4
1,500 - 2,000 miles 2,002 6.1 111 3.7 272 12.9 21.5 0.9 25.8 1.4 25.8 3.5
More than 2,000 miles 1,528 4.6 83 2.8 243 11.5 26.1 0.8 33.8 1.3 33.9 3.3

Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles2 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 30,622 100 1,069 100 584 100 6.9 - 11.5 - 10.6 -
Less than 50 miles 4,167 13.6 127 11.9 5 0.8 12.9 1.8 16.5 1.3 11.8 0.1
50 - 99 miles 1,664 5.4 75 7 7 1.2 18.5 0.6 21.6 1.5 24.5 0.3
100 - 249 miles 5,808 19 235 22 53 9.1 13.1 1.6 14.8 1.8 15.2 1
250 - 499 miles 6,156 20.1 262 24.5 116 19.8 9.5 1.6 14.8 1.2 14.8 1.8
500 - 749 miles 7,252 23.7 237 22.2 181 31 9.7 1.8 17.1 2 17.5 2.3
750 - 999 miles 1,814 5.9 53 5 54 9.2 13.9 0.7 12.4 0.7 12.6 0.8
1,000 - 1,499 miles 758 2.5 23 2.2 31 5.3 15.8 0.5 28.5 0.5 26.2 1.1
1,500 - 2,000 miles 1,782 5.8 30 2.8 64 11 23.2 0.9 17.3 0.6 17.4 1.9
More than 2,000 miles 1,221 4 28 2.6 74 12.6 20 0.6 22.9 0.6 23.2 2.3

Truck and rail

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles2 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 1,640 100 1,739 100 1,284 100 30.9 - 26.5 - 32.4 -
Less than 50 miles S S 195 11.2 S S S S 42.4 15.2 S S
50 - 99 miles 154 9.4 123 7.1 13 1 40.3 3.8 34.6 3.6 32.6 0.8
100 - 249 miles S S 335 19.2 S S S S 48.1 9.6 S S
250 - 499 miles 159 9.7 262 15 167 13 34.5 5.4 30.5 8.7 30.7 7.8
500 - 749 miles 438 26.7 514 29.6 454 35.3 40.7 4.9 42 5.9 41.8 8.1
750 - 999 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
1,000 - 1,499 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
1,500 - 2,000 miles 215 13.1 80 4.6 199 15.5 35.6 6.9 32.6 6.8 32.8 7.8
More than 2,000 miles 127 7.8 55 3.1 161 12.5 44.7 6.5 45.9 6.4 46.1 9.4

Truck and water

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles2 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 742 100 S S S S 31.2 - S S S S
Less than 50 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
50 - 99 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
100 - 249 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
250 - 499 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
500 - 749 miles 449 60.5 S S S S 38 16.1 S S S S
750 - 999 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
1,000 - 1,499 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
1,500 - 2,000 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
More than 2,000 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S

Rail and water

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles2 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total S S S S S S S S S S S S
Less than 50 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
50 - 99 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
100 - 249 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
250 - 499 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
500 - 749 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
750 - 999 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
1,000 - 1,499 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
1,500 - 2,000 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
More than 2,000 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -

Other multiple modes

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles2 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total S S S S S S S S S S S S
Less than 50 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
50 - 99 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
100 - 249 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
250 - 499 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
500 - 749 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
750 - 999 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
1,000 - 1,499 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
1,500 - 2,000 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
More than 2,000 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -

Other and unknown modes

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles2 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 4,154 100 4,203 100 723 100 14.4 - 41.4 - 44.6 -
Less than 50 miles 2,781 67 2,504 59.6 S S 19.7 6.3 47.1 10.2 S S
50 - 99 miles S S S S 21 3 S S S S 48.6 4.8
100 - 249 miles 411 9.9 S S S S 36.1 3.3 S S S S
250 - 499 miles 256 6.2 S S S S 17.9 3.3 S S S S
500 - 749 miles 273 6.6 124 2.9 97 13.4 27.3 2.3 48 2 46.9 8.4
750 - 999 miles 64 1.5 S S S S 25.3 2.5 S S S S
1,000 - 1,499 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
1,500 - 2,000 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
More than 2,000 miles S S 1 - 3 0.4 S S 39.4 0.1 41.8 0.6

KEY: S = Estimate does not meet publication standards because of high sampling variability or poor response quality. - = Zero or Less than half the unit shown; thus, it has been rounded to zero.

1 Commodity Flow Survey (CFS) geographic areas were drawn from a subset of Combined Statistical Areas (CSAs) and Metropolitan Statistical Areas (MeSAs) as defined by the Office of Management and Budget (OMB). However, CFS metropolitan areas are divided into their state parts when they include more than one state. In addition, the CFS also utilizes a unique geography referred to as, "remainder of state," to represent those areas of a state not contained within a separately published metropolitan area for the CFS (as opposed to not part of any Core-Based Statistical Area (CBSA) as defined by OMB). Because of the differences in the CFS geography, as compared to OMB defined geography, caution should be exercised when comparing CFS estimates to other estimates of similar geography.
2 Ton-miles estimates are based on estimated distances traveled along a modeled transportation network.
3 Coefficient of Variation.
4 "Truck" as a single mode includes any shipment that was made by private truck only, by for-hire truck only, or by a combination of private and for-hire truck.
5 Estimates for pipeline exclude shipments of crude petroleum.

NOTES: Value-of-shipment estimates are reported in current prices. Estimated measures of sampling variability for each estimate known as coefficients of variation (CV) are also provided in these tables. More information on sampling error, confidentiality protection, nonsampling error, sample design, and definitions may be found at http://www.bts.gov/publications/commodity_flow_survey/.
Rows are not shown if all cells for that particular mode have no data. For example, since Denver-Aurora-Boulder by "Water" has no data for any mileage group, the entire mode of "Water" for that area was removed from this table. However, if a mode has at least one row of data for one of the mileage groups, then the entire mode is shown even though there may be rows absent of data within that mode. For example, Denver-Aurora-Boulder by "Other and unknown modes" has a row absent of data for the mileage group of "More than 2,000 miles" but does have data for the other mileage groups under that mode so it will be shown in its entirety.

SOURCE: U.S. Department of Transportation, Research and Innovative Technology Administration, Bureau of Transportation Statistics and U.S. Department of Commerce, U.S. Census Bureau, 2007 Economic Census: Transportation Commodity Flow Survey, December 2009.