Table 3. Shipment Characteristics by Mode of Transportation and Distance Shipped for Metropolitan Area of Origin: 2007

Table 3. Shipment Characteristics by Mode of Transportation and Distance Shipped for Metropolitan Area of Origin: 2007

Estimates are based on data from the 2007 Commodity Flow Survey. Because of rounding, estimates may not be additive.

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All modes

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles2 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 56,170 100 68,385 100 4,676 100 40.2 - 21.6 - 22.1 -
Less than 50 miles 13,737 24.5 54,959 80.4 1,259 26.9 23.1 7.4 22.6 3.7 25.4 2.8
50 - 99 miles 1,372 2.4 2,738 4 247 5.3 17.3 1.3 29.1 1.6 28.6 1.5
100 - 249 miles 7,096 12.6 9,277 13.6 1,887 40.3 25.4 4.3 35.7 2.5 33 6.1
250 - 499 miles 1,221 2.2 600 0.9 242 5.2 29.5 1 30.8 0.6 31 2
500 - 749 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
750 - 999 miles S S 158 0.2 172 3.7 S S 25.7 0.1 26.1 1.5
1,000 - 1,499 miles S S 396 0.6 567 12.1 S S 29.9 0.2 28.4 3.4
1,500 - 2,000 miles 1,931 3.4 80 0.1 161 3.4 39.2 0.6 36.1 - 36.3 1.4
More than 2,000 miles S S S S 1 - S S S S 49.2 -

Single modes

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles2 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 49,105 100 67,316 100 4,398 100 45 - 22.1 - 23.8 -
Less than 50 miles 12,650 25.8 54,718 81.3 1,256 28.6 23.9 9.1 22.6 3.4 25.5 3
50 - 99 miles 918 1.9 2,728 4.1 246 5.6 10.2 1.4 29.2 1.7 28.7 1.8
100 - 249 miles 6,107 12.4 8,523 12.7 1,703 38.7 28.8 5.3 39.5 2.5 37.3 6.4
250 - 499 miles 833 1.7 590 0.9 237 5.4 38.2 1.2 30.6 0.6 30.5 2.3
500 - 749 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
750 - 999 miles S S 141 0.2 154 3.5 S S 28.6 0.1 29.3 1.3
1,000 - 1,499 miles S S 372 0.6 525 11.9 S S 32 0.2 30.5 3.1
1,500 - 2,000 miles S S 70 0.1 141 3.2 S S 41.7 - 42.4 1.3
More than 2,000 miles S S S S - - S S S S 38 -

Truck4

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles2 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 41,847 100 61,793 100 3,319 100 48.7 - 19.8 - 17.3 -
Less than 50 miles 12,648 30.2 54,276 87.8 1,230 37 23.9 9.8 22.8 4.1 25.8 6.1
50 - 99 miles 918 2.2 2,728 4.4 246 7.4 10.2 1.7 29.2 1.7 28.7 1.7
100 - 249 miles 4,077 9.7 3,449 5.6 660 19.9 35.6 5 31.7 2.3 29.5 4
250 - 499 miles 794 1.9 590 1 236 7.1 40.1 1.9 30.6 0.6 30.5 2.1
500 - 749 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
750 - 999 miles S S 141 0.2 153 4.6 S S 28.7 0.1 29.4 1.2
1,000 - 1,499 miles S S 369 0.6 522 15.7 S S 32 0.2 30.5 3
1,500 - 2,000 miles S S 67 0.1 137 4.1 S S 42.5 - 43.3 1.4
More than 2,000 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S

For-hire truck

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles2 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total S S 11,257 100 1,623 100 S S 38.9 - 18.9 -
Less than 50 miles 1,253 4.5 8,033 71.4 171 10.5 42.1 5.7 47.3 12 47.4 5.5
50 - 99 miles 238 0.9 892 7.9 90 5.5 31.5 1 47.2 1.7 48.7 2.1
100 - 249 miles S S 1,110 9.9 223 13.8 S S 28.6 3.6 28.5 3
250 - 499 miles 672 2.4 475 4.2 195 12 47.5 4.7 35.8 1.7 35.2 3.3
500 - 749 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
750 - 999 miles S S 141 1.3 153 9.4 S S 28.7 1.4 29.4 2.1
1,000 - 1,499 miles S S 367 3.3 519 32 S S 32.3 4 30.8 5.6
1,500 - 2,000 miles S S 67 0.6 136 8.4 S S 43 1.2 43.6 2.9
More than 2,000 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S

Private truck

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles2 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 13,877 100 50,537 100 1,697 100 21.4 - 24 - 19.5 -
Less than 50 miles 11,396 82.1 46,244 91.5 1,059 62.4 26.5 6.3 26.8 3.6 31.1 7.2
50 - 99 miles 680 4.9 1,837 3.6 156 9.2 14.1 1.9 39.6 1.8 38.1 2.9
100 - 249 miles 1,673 12.1 2,340 4.6 437 25.7 47 5.7 37.6 2.4 34 6.4
250 - 499 miles 122 0.9 115 0.2 41 2.4 30.9 0.7 20.8 0.3 21.5 1.8
500 - 749 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
750 - 999 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
1,000 - 1,499 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
1,500 - 2,000 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
More than 2,000 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -

Rail

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles2 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 33 100 S S S S 24.8 - S S S S
Less than 50 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
50 - 99 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
100 - 249 miles 31 95.3 S S S S 27.4 6.4 S S S S
250 - 499 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
500 - 749 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
750 - 999 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
1,000 - 1,499 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
1,500 - 2,000 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
More than 2,000 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -

Air (incl truck and air)

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles2 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total S S 8 100 11 100 S S 39.3 - 43.6 -
Less than 50 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
50 - 99 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
100 - 249 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
250 - 499 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
500 - 749 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
750 - 999 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
1,000 - 1,499 miles S S 2 28.8 3 27.1 S S 45.9 8.8 44.6 9.2
1,500 - 2,000 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
More than 2,000 miles S S - 0.1 - 0.3 S S 41.1 0.4 41.4 3.5

Multiple modes

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles2 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 6,310 100 S S 267 100 13.6 - S S 37.7 -
Less than 50 miles 475 7.5 S S S S 37.8 4.1 S S S S
50 - 99 miles 452 7.2 S S S S 35.6 3.2 S S S S
100 - 249 miles 898 14.2 S S S S 14.4 2 S S S S
250 - 499 miles 387 6.1 S S S S 22.3 1 S S S S
500 - 749 miles 356 5.6 6 0.7 5 1.7 46.1 1.8 46.9 1.2 48.1 0.7
750 - 999 miles 1,072 17 15 1.9 17 6.4 23.6 2.7 34.3 4 34.4 2.3
1,000 - 1,499 miles 2,028 32.1 24 3 41 15.5 25.4 4.1 30.4 8.5 29.1 9.7
1,500 - 2,000 miles 607 9.6 9 1.2 19 7.2 14.7 1.6 27.1 4.5 28.4 6.5
More than 2,000 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S

Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles2 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 6,237 100 83 100 81 100 13.7 - 27.8 - 29.8 -
Less than 50 miles 475 7.6 S S S S 37.8 4.1 S S S S
50 - 99 miles 447 7.2 S S S S 36.3 3.2 S S S S
100 - 249 miles 861 13.8 7 9 2 2.8 14.4 2 29.1 2.5 21.5 2.4
250 - 499 miles 367 5.9 5 5.9 2 2.7 20.6 0.9 28.5 1.7 28.6 0.7
500 - 749 miles 356 5.7 6 7 5 5.6 46.1 1.9 46.9 1.4 48.1 1.4
750 - 999 miles 1,069 17.1 15 17.9 17 20.8 23.5 2.7 34.6 3.9 34.7 3.7
1,000 - 1,499 miles 2,019 32.4 22 27 34 42.3 25.4 4.1 33.1 4 33.5 2.6
1,500 - 2,000 miles 606 9.7 9 11.1 19 23.6 14.6 1.6 27.3 3.2 28.8 4.4
More than 2,000 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S

Truck and rail

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles2 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 48 100 S S 175 100 37.7 - S S 47.8 -
Less than 50 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
50 - 99 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
100 - 249 miles 37 76.1 714 100 175 99.8 49.4 13.8 41.9 - 34.7 0.1
250 - 499 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
500 - 749 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
750 - 999 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
1,000 - 1,499 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
1,500 - 2,000 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
More than 2,000 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -

Truck and water

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles2 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total S S S S S S S S S S S S
Less than 50 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
50 - 99 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
100 - 249 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
250 - 499 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
500 - 749 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
750 - 999 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
1,000 - 1,499 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
1,500 - 2,000 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
More than 2,000 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -

Other and unknown modes

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles2 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 755 100 266 100 S S 39.5 - 34.1 - S S
Less than 50 miles S S 230 86.5 3 24.8 S S 35 12.4 41.3 14.7
50 - 99 miles 2 0.3 S S S S 46.7 1.2 S S S S
100 - 249 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
250 - 499 miles 1 0.1 S S S S 43.5 3.6 S S S S
500 - 749 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
750 - 999 miles 22 2.9 S S S S 44.6 8.7 S S S S
1,000 - 1,499 miles S S - 0.2 S S S S 45.7 17.9 S S
1,500 - 2,000 miles S S - - - 0.1 S S 13.7 7.6 6.6 20
More than 2,000 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -

KEY: S = Estimate does not meet publication standards because of high sampling variability or poor response quality. - = Zero or Less than half the unit shown; thus, it has been rounded to zero.

1 Commodity Flow Survey (CFS) geographic areas were drawn from a subset of Combined Statistical Areas (CSAs) and Metropolitan Statistical Areas (MeSAs) as defined by the Office of Management and Budget (OMB). However, CFS metropolitan areas are divided into their state parts when they include more than one state. In addition, the CFS also utilizes a unique geography referred to as, "remainder of state," to represent those areas of a state not contained within a separately published metropolitan area for the CFS (as opposed to not part of any Core-Based Statistical Area (CBSA) as defined by OMB). Because of the differences in the CFS geography, as compared to OMB defined geography, caution should be exercised when comparing CFS estimates to other estimates of similar geography.
2 Ton-miles estimates are based on estimated distances traveled along a modeled transportation network.
3 Coefficient of Variation.
4 "Truck" as a single mode includes any shipment that was made by private truck only, by for-hire truck only, or by a combination of private and for-hire truck.
5 Estimates for pipeline exclude shipments of crude petroleum.

NOTES: Value-of-shipment estimates are reported in current prices. Estimated measures of sampling variability for each estimate known as coefficients of variation (CV) are also provided in these tables. More information on sampling error, confidentiality protection, nonsampling error, sample design, and definitions may be found at http://www.bts.gov/publications/commodity_flow_survey/.
Rows are not shown if all cells for that particular mode have no data. For example, since Denver-Aurora-Boulder by "Water" has no data for any mileage group, the entire mode of "Water" for that area was removed from this table. However, if a mode has at least one row of data for one of the mileage groups, then the entire mode is shown even though there may be rows absent of data within that mode. For example, Denver-Aurora-Boulder by "Other and unknown modes" has a row absent of data for the mileage group of "More than 2,000 miles" but does have data for the other mileage groups under that mode so it will be shown in its entirety.

SOURCE: U.S. Department of Transportation, Research and Innovative Technology Administration, Bureau of Transportation Statistics and U.S. Department of Commerce, U.S. Census Bureau, 2007 Economic Census: Transportation Commodity Flow Survey, December 2009.