Table 4. Shipment Characteristics by Mode of Transportation and Shipment Size for Metropolitan Area of Origin: 2007

Table 4. Shipment Characteristics by Mode of Transportation and Shipment Size for Metropolitan Area of Origin: 2007

Estimates are based on data from the 2007 Commodity Flow Survey. Because of rounding, estimates may not be additive.

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All Modes

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 56,170 100 68,385 100 4,676 100 923 40.2 - 21.6 - 22.1 - 15.5
Less than 50 lbs 8,934 15.9 114 0.2 66 1.4 1,122 24.7 4.2 35.9 0.2 37.7 3.5 11.0
50 - 99 lbs S S 36 0.1 11 0.2 293 S S 22.6 0.1 25.8 0.3 14.7
100 - 499 lbs 7,212 12.8 261 0.4 58 1.2 264 43.5 5.0 20.0 0.5 14.9 1.6 25.7
500 - 749 lbs 1,127 2.0 135 0.2 17 0.4 129 22.1 1.4 22.0 0.2 24.2 0.3 23.9
750 - 999 lbs 747 1.3 106 0.2 13 0.3 121 16.4 0.9 20.2 0.1 30.1 0.1 25.5
1,000 - 9,999 lbs 9,071 16.1 1,785 2.6 306 6.5 156 44.0 1.3 16.3 0.9 25.2 1.1 16.8
10,000 - 49,999 lbs S S 49,188 71.9 2,149 45.9 45 S S 25.0 4.7 20.4 5.3 43.2
50,000 - 99,999 lbs 1,125 2.0 10,513 15.4 815 17.4 79 45.9 1.3 30.6 5.6 34.1 5.1 18.7
More than 100,000 lbs 72 0.1 S S 1,243 26.6 199 27.1 0.1 S S 49.3 7.4 10.0

Single modes

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 49,105 100 67,316 100 4,398 100 209 45.0 - 22.1 - 23.8 - 31.1
Less than 50 lbs 4,461 9.1 S S S S 344 41.9 4.1 S S S S 29.3
50 - 99 lbs S S 24 - 3 0.1 115 S S 20.5 - 35.7 0.1 23.2
100 - 499 lbs S S 229 0.3 36 0.8 161 S S 22.8 0.5 11.2 1.1 21.7
500 - 749 lbs 1,028 2.1 131 0.2 14 0.3 106 25.0 1.9 22.8 0.2 25.9 0.3 14.6
750 - 999 lbs 727 1.5 102 0.2 13 0.3 124 17.2 1.4 20.9 0.1 30.0 0.2 24.4
1,000 - 9,999 lbs 8,708 17.7 1,715 2.5 299 6.8 155 44.5 2.4 17.2 1.0 25.3 1.3 20.2
10,000 - 49,999 lbs S S 49,017 72.8 2,136 48.6 45 S S 25.1 4.8 20.6 5.8 43.3
50,000 - 99,999 lbs 1,124 2.3 10,501 15.6 815 18.5 79 45.9 1.6 30.6 5.8 34.1 5.7 18.7
More than 100,000 lbs 35 0.1 S S S S 193 25.1 0.1 S S S S 17.3

Truck4

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 41,847 100 61,793 100 3,319 100 182 48.7 - 19.8 - 17.3 - 36.1
Less than 50 lbs S S S S S S 304 S S S S S S 35.3
50 - 99 lbs S S 23 - 2 - 70 S S 20.6 - 21.6 0.1 13.6
100 - 499 lbs 2,399 5.7 226 0.4 32 1.0 137 30.2 4.5 23.2 0.4 12.6 1.0 25.1
500 - 749 lbs 823 2.0 131 0.2 14 0.4 105 26.4 1.9 22.8 0.2 26.0 0.3 14.7
750 - 999 lbs 533 1.3 102 0.2 13 0.4 124 22.7 1.4 20.9 0.1 30.0 0.1 24.5
1,000 - 9,999 lbs 8,545 20.4 1,712 2.8 295 8.9 148 45.4 2.8 17.3 0.9 25.8 1.1 20.7
10,000 - 49,999 lbs S S 49,016 79.3 2,136 64.4 45 S S 25.1 5.9 20.6 5.7 43.4
50,000 - 99,999 lbs 1,124 2.7 10,501 17.0 815 24.6 79 45.9 1.7 30.6 5.7 34.1 5.6 18.7
More than 100,000 lbs S S S S S S S S S S S S S S

For-hire truck

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total S S 11,257 100 1,623 100 835 S S 38.9 - 18.9 - 16.9
Less than 50 lbs S S S S S S 1,116 S S S S S S 19.6
50 - 99 lbs S S S S 1 - S S S S S 32.0 - S
100 - 499 lbs 802 2.9 21 0.2 19 1.2 843 28.0 5.2 16.2 0.1 20.0 0.3 14.3
500 - 749 lbs S S 8 0.1 6 0.4 727 S S 34.3 0.1 40.3 0.1 16.8
750 - 999 lbs 246 0.9 8 0.1 7 0.5 964 45.8 3.3 35.5 0.1 40.7 0.2 10.5
1,000 - 9,999 lbs S S 273 2.4 242 14.9 833 S S 24.3 2.6 31.8 3.8 11.4
10,000 - 49,999 lbs S S 8,505 75.6 1,034 63.7 S S S 40.9 5.5 19.3 4.8 S
50,000 - 99,999 lbs 292 1.0 2,428 21.6 302 18.6 126 18.6 2.4 43.7 4.3 39.8 5.5 19.1
More than 100,000 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -

Private truck

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 13,877 100 50,537 100 1,697 100 36 21.4 - 24.0 - 19.5 - 7.8
Less than 50 lbs S S S S 1 0.1 23 S S S S 39.8 0.1 24.5
50 - 99 lbs S S 21 - 1 0.1 49 S S 22.7 0.2 31.8 0.2 16.0
100 - 499 lbs 1,597 11.5 205 0.4 13 0.8 62 40.4 5.6 26.3 1.5 36.5 2.9 15.0
500 - 749 lbs 534 3.9 123 0.2 8 0.5 64 33.6 2.1 24.7 0.5 35.4 0.8 14.3
750 - 999 lbs 288 2.1 95 0.2 S S 56 20.3 0.7 22.6 0.4 S S 21.7
1,000 - 9,999 lbs 2,317 16.7 1,439 2.8 53 3.1 39 17.2 5.1 20.7 2.9 18.1 2.5 9.0
10,000 - 49,999 lbs 4,485 32.3 40,511 80.2 1,102 64.9 26 45.4 8.3 30.2 9.0 30.6 8.9 12.6
50,000 - 99,999 lbs S S 8,072 16.0 514 30.3 64 S S 36.0 6.1 36.8 7.5 23.6
More than 100,000 lbs S S S S S S S S S S S S S S

Rail

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 33 100 S S S S 194 24.8 - S S S S 11.6
Less than 50 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
50 - 99 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
100 - 499 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
500 - 749 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
750 - 999 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
1,000 - 9,999 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
10,000 - 49,999 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
50,000 - 99,999 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
More than 100,000 lbs 33 100.0 S S S S 194 24.8 - S S S S 11.6

Air (incl truck and air)

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total S S 8 100 11 100 1,101 S S 39.3 - 43.6 - 9.6
Less than 50 lbs 1,961 27.1 1 13.7 S S 1,052 48.0 8.4 47.2 5.2 S S 9.2
50 - 99 lbs S S S S S S 1,401 S S S S S S 26.0
100 - 499 lbs S S 3 36.7 4 36.1 1,281 S S 49.4 11.2 49.9 10.7 12.7
500 - 749 lbs 205 2.8 - 1.3 S S S 48.0 8.5 21.1 6.6 S S S
750 - 999 lbs S S - 0.5 - 0.1 222 S S 20.8 12.4 15.8 4.6 5.4
1,000 - 9,999 lbs S S S S S S 1,534 S S S S S S 17.6
10,000 - 49,999 lbs S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
50,000 - 99,999 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
More than 100,000 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -

Multiple modes

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 6,310 100 S S 267 100 1,293 13.6 - S S 37.7 - 9.1
Less than 50 lbs 4,213 66.8 48 6.0 52 19.4 1,304 8.6 5.5 26.5 12.5 31.4 11.5 9.0
50 - 99 lbs 697 11.0 11 1.4 8 2.9 704 26.0 1.5 35.4 3.3 28.5 1.9 18.0
100 - 499 lbs 1,253 19.9 23 2.8 21 7.9 952 43.6 4.9 33.2 9.2 30.4 7.4 17.2
500 - 749 lbs S S 2 0.2 S S 1,834 S S 34.9 1.2 S S 36.4
750 - 999 lbs S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
1,000 - 9,999 lbs S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
10,000 - 49,999 lbs S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
50,000 - 99,999 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
More than 100,000 lbs 37 0.6 714 88.9 175 65.6 247 49.4 0.7 41.9 3.1 34.7 9.4 10.4

Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 6,237 100 83 100 81 100 1,292 13.7 - 27.8 - 29.8 - 9.1
Less than 50 lbs 4,213 67.6 48 57.7 52 63.7 1,304 8.6 5.5 26.5 6.9 31.4 6.8 9.0
50 - 99 lbs 697 11.2 11 13.5 8 9.5 704 26.0 1.5 35.4 1.8 28.5 2.1 18.0
100 - 499 lbs 1,244 19.9 22 26.9 20 24.8 936 43.8 5.0 33.8 6.3 31.9 6.3 17.8
500 - 749 lbs S S 1 1.7 S S 1,089 S S 46.3 0.5 S S 34.8
750 - 999 lbs S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
1,000 - 9,999 lbs S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
10,000 - 49,999 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
50,000 - 99,999 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
More than 100,000 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -

Truck and rail

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 48 100 S S 175 100 S 37.7 - S S 47.8 - S
Less than 50 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
50 - 99 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
100 - 499 lbs S S S S S S 1,300 S S S S S S 40.4
500 - 749 lbs S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
750 - 999 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
1,000 - 9,999 lbs S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
10,000 - 49,999 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
50,000 - 99,999 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
More than 100,000 lbs 37 76.1 714 100.0 175 99.8 247 49.4 13.8 41.9 - 34.7 0.1 10.4

Truck and water

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Less than 50 lbs S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
50 - 99 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
100 - 499 lbs S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
500 - 749 lbs S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
750 - 999 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
1,000 - 9,999 lbs S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
10,000 - 49,999 lbs S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
50,000 - 99,999 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
More than 100,000 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -

Other and unknown modes

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 755 100 266 100 S S S 39.5 - 34.1 - S S S
Less than 50 lbs S S 1 0.5 - 0.8 S S S 49.7 5.1 45.7 13.2 S
50 - 99 lbs S S S S S S 6 S S S S S S 35.5
100 - 499 lbs S S S S - 2.0 S S S S S 30.1 8.8 S
500 - 749 lbs S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
750 - 999 lbs 18 2.4 4 1.3 - 0.1 2 42.1 6.2 41.2 1.4 47.3 0.9 21.4
1,000 - 9,999 lbs 359 47.5 69 26.1 2 15.2 S 45.2 11.9 40.4 17.4 32.0 19.3 S
10,000 - 49,999 lbs S S 167 62.7 S S S S S 47.6 15.0 S S S
50,000 - 99,999 lbs S S 13 4.8 - 2.3 S S S 23.4 4.0 34.8 3.3 S
More than 100,000 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -

KEY: S = Estimate does not meet publication standards because of high sampling variability or poor response quality. - = Zero or Less than half the unit shown; thus, it has been rounded to zero.

1 Commodity Flow Survey (CFS) geographic areas were drawn from a subset of Combined Statistical Areas (CSAs) and Metropolitan Statistical Areas (MeSAs) as defined by the Office of Management and Budget (OMB). However, CFS metropolitan areas are divided into their state parts when they include more than one state. In addition, the CFS also utilizes a unique geography referred to as, "remainder of state," to represent those areas of a state not contained within a separately published metropolitan area for the CFS (as opposed to not part of any Core-Based Statistical Area (CBSA) as defined by OMB). Because of the differences in the CFS geography, as compared to OMB defined geography, caution should be exercised when comparing CFS estimates to other estimates of similar geography.
2 Ton-miles estimates are based on estimated distances traveled along a modeled transportation network.
3 Coefficient of Variation.
4 ""Truck"" as a single mode includes any shipment that was made by private truck only, by for-hire truck only, or by a combination of private and for-hire truck.
5 Estimates for pipeline exclude shipments of crude petroleum.

NOTES: Value-of-shipment estimates are reported in current prices. Estimated measures of sampling variability for each estimate known as coefficients of variation (CV) are also provided in these tables. More information on sampling error, confidentiality protection, nonsampling error, sample design, and definitions may be found at http://www.bts.gov/publications/commodity_flow_survey/
Rows are not shown if all cells for that particular mode have no data. For example, since Denver-Aurora-Boulder by "Water" has no data for any shipment weight group, the entire mode of "Water" for that area was removed from this table. However, if a mode has at least one row of data for one of the shipment weight groups, then the entire mode is shown even though there may be rows absent of data within that mode. For example, Denver-Aurora-Boulder by "Other and unknown modes" has a row absent of data for the shipment size of "More than 100,000 lbs" but does have data for the other shipment weight groups under that mode so it will be shown in its entirety.

SOURCE: U.S. Department of Transportation, Research and Innovative Technology Administration, Bureau of Transportation Statistics and U.S. Department of Commerce, U.S. Census Bureau, 2007 Economic Census: Transportation Commodity Flow Survey, December 2009.