Table 7. Shipment Characteristics by Commodity Group and Mode of Transportation for Metropolitan Area of Origin: 2007

Table 7. Shipment Characteristics by Commodity Group and Mode of Transportation for Metropolitan Area of Origin: 2007

Estimates are based on data from the 2007 Commodity Flow Survey. Because of rounding, estimates may not be additive.

Excel | CSV

All Commodities5

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes 56,170 100 68,385 100 4,676 100 923 40.2 - 21.6 - 22.1 - 15.5
Single modes 49,105 87.4 67,316 98.4 4,398 94.1 209 45 6.3 22.1 0.9 23.8 3.8 31.1
Truck6 41,847 74.5 61,793 90.4 3,319 71 182 48.7 7.2 19.8 2.4 17.3 6.6 36.1
For-hire truck S S 11,257 16.5 1,623 34.7 835 S S 38.9 8 18.9 5.3 16.9
Private truck 13,877 24.7 50,537 73.9 1,697 36.3 36 21.4 8.6 24 7.6 19.5 3.6 7.8
Rail 33 0.1 S S S S 194 24.8 0.1 S S S S 11.6
Air (incl truck and air) S S 8 - 11 0.2 1,101 S S 39.3 - 43.6 0.1 9.6
Multiple modes 6,310 11.2 S S 267 5.7 1,293 13.6 6.2 S S 37.7 3.7 9.1
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier 6,237 11.1 83 0.1 81 1.7 1,292 13.7 6.2 27.8 0.2 29.8 3.4 9.1
Truck and rail 48 0.1 S S 175 3.8 S 37.7 0.1 S S 47.8 2.7 S
Truck and water S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Other and unknown modes 755 1.3 266 0.4 S S S 39.5 0.5 34.1 0.1 S S S

SCTG2 01-05, Agriculture products and fish

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes 219 100 S S S S S 39.5 - S S S S S
Single modes 219 100 S S S S S 39.5 - S S S S S
Truck6 216 98.7 S S S S S 40.7 8.6 S S S S S
For-hire truck S S 17 8.7 S S S S S 44 19.1 S S S
Private truck 159 72.5 S S S S 53 36.4 15.3 S S S S 47
Rail S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier S S S S S S S S S S S S S S

SCTG2 06-09, Grains, alcohol, and tobacco products

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes 2,228 100 S S 162 100 71 32.4 - S S 49.7 - 16.7
Single modes 2,224 99.8 S S 162 100 71 32.2 0.1 S S 49.7 - 16.8
Truck6 2,219 99.6 S S S S 71 32.4 0.4 S S S S 16.8
For-hire truck S S 55 2.3 S S 993 S S 49.1 4.1 S S 28.2
Private truck 2,076 93.2 S S 97 59.7 69 29.9 2.5 S S 48.3 11.2 17.2
Rail S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Multiple modes - - S S - - 1,322 49.8 - S S 45 - 14.9
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier - - S S - - 1,322 49.8 - S S 45 - 14.9
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S

SCTG2 10-14, Stones, nonmetallic minerals, and metallic ores

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes 354 100 46,731 100 2,303 100 31 21.6 - 33.2 - 41.5 - 21.5
Single modes 344 97.3 46,190 98.8 2,212 96 31 22.7 3.1 33.7 2.4 43.5 5.8 20
Truck6 325 92 40,779 87.3 1,170 50.8 27 21.7 2.9 30.6 3.3 29 11.9 24.5
For-hire truck 91 25.8 7,812 16.7 S S 34 40.9 12.7 47.4 19.4 S S 29.5
Private truck 234 66.2 32,967 70.5 919 39.9 S 27.6 10.3 39.1 12.7 40.1 10.9 S
Rail 19 5.3 5,412 11.6 1,041 45.2 193 36 4.3 44.9 5.9 41.3 11.4 7.5
Multiple modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Truck and rail 4 1.2 S S S S 205 9.3 18.7 S S S S 13.1
Other and unknown modes S S 134 0.3 S S S S S 15.9 0.6 S S S

SCTG2 15-19, Coal and petroleum products

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes S S S S S S 19 S S S S S S 19.2
Single modes S S S S S S 19 S S S S S S 19.3
Truck6 S S S S S S 19 S S S S S S 19.3
For-hire truck S S S S S S 36 S S S S S S 44.2
Private truck S S S S S S 19 S S S S S S 37.3
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S

SCTG2 20-24, Basic chemicals, chemical, and pharmaceutical products

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes 2,259 100 367 100 319 100 S 41.8 - 41.1 - 49.4 - S
Single modes S S 320 87.3 S S S S S 43.2 7.2 S S S
Truck6 S S 320 87.3 S S S S S 43.2 7.2 S S S
For-hire truck 622 27.5 255 69.6 312 97.8 S 25 13.5 43.1 8.6 49.6 13.7 S
Private truck S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Air (incl truck and air) S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 699 S S S S S S 25.9
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier S S S S S S 699 S S S S S S 25.9
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S

SCTG2 25-30, Logs, wood products, and textile and leather

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes 1,637 100 S S 91 100 1,384 21.6 - S S 24.3 - 17.8
Single modes 997 60.9 S S 60 66.3 437 26.4 10.1 S S 28.8 8.8 31.5
Truck6 996 60.8 S S 60 66.3 435 26.4 10.1 S S 28.8 8.8 32.1
For-hire truck 108 6.6 S S 23 25.4 1,034 43.3 3.3 S S 48.4 10 14.8
Private truck 888 54.3 S S 37 40.8 30 31.8 11 S S 48.2 12 15.4
Air (incl truck and air) 1 - - - - - 1,487 39.7 0.1 29.9 - 31.8 0.1 15.9
Multiple modes 629 38.5 24 2 30 33.2 1,439 41.3 10 34.5 6.9 38.9 9 10.3
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier 618 37.7 23 2 30 32.8 1,439 42.6 10.4 35.2 6.9 40.1 9.4 10.2
Truck and rail 12 0.7 S S S S 1,366 36.9 3.2 S S S S 37.5
Truck and water S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Other and unknown modes S S 1 0.1 S S S S S 42.1 1.2 S S S

SCTG2 31-34, Base metal and machinery

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes 5,002 100 12,645 100 1,069 100 266 23.9 - 34.9 - 30.7 - 27.8
Single modes 4,346 86.9 12,277 97.1 971 90.8 121 27.5 3.7 35.8 1.3 29.2 3.7 44.8
Truck6 3,964 79.3 12,188 96.4 947 88.6 83 30.4 6.3 35.9 1.3 30 3.6 39.5
For-hire truck 1,402 28 2,356 18.6 450 42.1 429 34.6 6.7 36.8 4.9 32.1 4.3 22.8
Private truck 2,562 51.2 9,833 77.8 497 46.5 27 35.6 6.5 39.5 5.3 30.5 4.5 26.1
Rail 6 0.1 87 0.7 22 2 249 33.1 0.8 33.4 1.9 33.4 10.8 -
Air (incl truck and air) S S S S S S 1,458 S S S S S S 12.2
Multiple modes 447 8.9 S S S S 817 23.1 2.2 S S S S 13.3
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier 415 8.3 7 0.1 6 0.6 820 25.9 2.3 28.5 0.3 37.4 3.7 13.3
Truck and rail 32 0.6 307 2.4 92 8.6 299 31.7 1.2 33.1 7.6 30.9 10 2.6
Other and unknown modes S S S S 1 0.1 S S S S S 49.2 0.1 S

SCTG2 35-38, Electronic, motorized vehicles, and precision instruments

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes S S 597 100 S S 821 S S 43.6 - S S 16.4
Single modes S S 523 87.6 S S 382 S S 47.3 11.8 S S 39.6
Truck6 S S 516 86.5 S S S S S 47.7 12.5 S S S
For-hire truck S S S S S S 1,064 S S S S S S 10.4
Private truck S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Air (incl truck and air) S S 7 1.1 9 2 1,046 S S 43 1 47.6 2.7 12.7
Multiple modes 4,114 10.3 33 5.4 41 8.7 984 21.5 13.4 30.3 12.7 31.2 13.5 14
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier 4,108 10.3 31 5.2 34 7.3 981 21.5 13.4 31.9 12.8 34.9 13.4 13.9
Truck and water S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Other and unknown modes 366 0.9 S S - 0.1 861 45.4 3.2 S S 46.5 0.8 36.8

SCTG2 39-43, Furniture, mixed freight and misc. manufactured products

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes 2,014 100 594 100 167 100 1,078 21 - 25.9 - 21.8 - 14.9
Single modes 1,425 70.7 579 97.6 157 93.7 989 25.4 8.9 26.6 1.6 23.4 3.3 23.7
Truck6 1,356 67.3 579 97.6 157 93.7 987 27.8 9.4 26.6 1.6 23.4 3.3 24.2
For-hire truck 598 29.7 201 33.9 106 63.7 1,352 30.1 6.1 46 9.8 24.8 7.9 13.2
Private truck 757 37.6 378 63.7 50 30 S 41.7 11.4 30.5 8.5 42.9 9 S
Air (incl truck and air) S S S S S S 1,398 S S S S S S 9
Multiple modes S S S S S S 1,135 S S S S S S 9.1
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier S S 6 1 6 3.4 1,135 S S 33.3 1.1 36.1 1.6 9.1
Truck and water S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S

SCTG2 99, Commodity Unknown

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Single modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Truck6 S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
For-hire truck S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier S S S S S S S S S S S S S S

KEY: S = Estimate does not meet publication standards because of high sampling variability or poor response quality. - = Zero or Less than half the unit shown; thus, it has been rounded to zero.

1 Commodity Flow Survey (CFS) geographic areas were drawn from a subset of Combined Statistical Areas (CSAs) and Metropolitan Statistical Areas (MeSAs) as defined by the Office of Management and Budget (OMB). However, CFS metropolitan areas are divided into their state parts when they include more than one state. In addition, the CFS also utilizes a unique geography referred to as, "remainder of state," to represent those areas of a state not contained within a separately published metropolitan area for the CFS (as opposed to not part of any Core-Based Statistical Area (CBSA) as defined by OMB). Because of the differences in the CFS geography, as compared to OMB defined geography, caution should be exercised when comparing CFS estimates to other estimates of similar geography.
2 Standard Classification of Transported Goods.
3 Ton-miles estimates are based on estimated distances traveled along a modeled transportation network.
4 Coefficient of Variation.
5 Estimates exclude shipments of crude petroleum (SCTG 16).
6 "Truck" as a single mode includes any shipment that was made by private truck only, by for-hire truck only, or by a combination of private and for-hire truck.
7 Estimates for pipeline exclude shipments of crude petroleum.

NOTES: Value-of-shipment estimates are reported in current prices. Estimated measures of sampling variability for each estimate known as coefficients of variation (CV) are also provided in these tables. More information on sampling error, confidentiality protection, nonsampling error, sample design, and definitions may be found at http://www.bts.gov/publications/commodity_flow_survey/.
Rows are not shown if all cells for that particular row have no value. For example, Dallas-Fort Worth, TX by Base metal and machinery (31-34) by Water has no data for any shipment characteristic therefore the entire row is not shown. Also, entire commodity groups are not present if there is no such data for that commodity group by area. For example, Washington-Arlington-Alexandria, DC-VA-MD-WV (DC part) by Coal and petroleum products (15-19) has no data for any mode therefore the entire commodity group is not shown.

SOURCE: U.S. Department of Transportation, Research and Innovative Technology Administration, Bureau of Transportation Statistics and U.S. Department of Commerce, U.S. Census Bureau, 2007 Economic Census: Transportation Commodity Flow Survey, December 2009.