Table 3. Shipment Characteristics by Mode of Transportation and Distance Shipped for Metropolitan Area of Origin: 2007

Table 3. Shipment Characteristics by Mode of Transportation and Distance Shipped for Metropolitan Area of Origin: 2007

Estimates are based on data from the 2007 Commodity Flow Survey. Because of rounding, estimates may not be additive.

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All modes

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles2 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 77,119 100 62,024 100 10,619 100 9.6 - 15.2 - 15.9 -
Less than 50 miles 32,145 41.7 37,718 60.8 861 8.1 7.5 2.7 17 2.5 15.6 0.9
50 - 99 miles 9,888 12.8 7,715 12.4 756 7.1 27.5 1.8 13.3 1.9 14.8 1.7
100 - 249 miles 13,799 17.9 7,970 12.9 1,620 15.3 22.2 1.8 19.5 1.1 18.8 2.4
250 - 499 miles 9,538 12.4 4,691 7.6 2,119 20 22.5 2.3 16.5 0.9 16.5 3
500 - 749 miles 4,579 5.9 1,979 3.2 1,536 14.5 13.4 0.8 23.6 0.8 24 2.4
750 - 999 miles 2,552 3.3 654 1.1 669 6.3 16.2 0.5 32.4 0.3 32.6 1.4
1,000 - 1,499 miles 1,707 2.2 505 0.8 783 7.4 15.7 0.3 26.2 0.2 26.8 1.4
1,500 - 2,000 miles 676 0.9 44 0.1 89 0.8 30.1 0.3 23.7 - 24.5 0.3
More than 2,000 miles 2,235 2.9 749 1.2 2,187 20.6 17.8 0.6 36.8 0.5 36.9 5.3

Single modes

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles2 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 65,372 100 59,609 100 8,158 100 10.9 - 15.6 - 18 -
Less than 50 miles 28,649 43.8 37,102 62.2 851 10.4 7.2 3 17.1 2.9 15.7 1.6
50 - 99 miles 9,060 13.9 7,621 12.8 747 9.2 30.4 2 13.4 1.9 14.8 1.7
100 - 249 miles 12,187 18.6 7,707 12.9 1,561 19.1 25.7 2 20.5 1.1 19.8 1.8
250 - 499 miles 8,314 12.7 4,473 7.5 2,009 24.6 24.5 2.5 16.7 0.9 17 2.7
500 - 749 miles 3,108 4.8 1,546 2.6 1,168 14.3 19 1.1 27.6 0.8 28 2.9
750 - 999 miles 1,633 2.5 506 0.8 508 6.2 25.1 0.6 28.7 0.2 28.2 1.3
1,000 - 1,499 miles 1,077 1.6 370 0.6 552 6.8 19.8 0.3 28.9 0.1 29.4 1.4
1,500 - 2,000 miles 389 0.6 30 0.1 62 0.8 44.5 0.3 30.7 - 32.7 0.2
More than 2,000 miles 955 1.5 255 0.4 700 8.6 22.9 0.4 44.5 0.1 45.1 1.6

Truck4

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles2 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 63,135 100 58,267 100 7,409 100 10.9 - 15.8 - 18.9 -
Less than 50 miles 28,521 45.2 36,842 63.2 849 11.5 7.1 3.4 17.4 3 15.7 1.6
50 - 99 miles 9,025 14.3 7,612 13.1 746 10.1 30.6 2 13.4 1.9 14.9 1.6
100 - 249 miles 11,870 18.8 7,525 12.9 1,512 20.4 25.2 2 20.8 1.2 20.2 2
250 - 499 miles 7,966 12.6 3,961 6.8 1,743 23.5 25 2.5 16 1 16.1 2.5
500 - 749 miles 2,558 4.1 1,269 2.2 930 12.5 20.5 1 26.5 0.5 26.5 2.2
750 - 999 miles 1,125 1.8 500 0.9 501 6.8 17 0.3 29.4 0.2 29.1 1.4
1,000 - 1,499 miles 951 1.5 285 0.5 404 5.4 19.9 0.3 31.9 0.1 32.5 1.1
1,500 - 2,000 miles 293 0.5 30 0.1 61 0.8 34.8 0.2 31 - 33 0.3
More than 2,000 miles 825 1.3 242 0.4 663 9 27.5 0.4 47.1 0.1 48.1 1.7

For-hire truck

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles2 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 30,532 100 28,073 100 5,574 100 8 - 18.9 - 20.8 -
Less than 50 miles 9,118 29.9 14,466 51.5 359 6.4 17.5 4.1 21.7 4.3 21.1 1.5
50 - 99 miles 2,951 9.7 3,331 11.9 339 6.1 15.1 1.3 20 1.3 21.4 0.8
100 - 249 miles 6,277 20.6 4,935 17.6 990 17.8 7.5 1.8 20.2 1.7 19.1 3.1
250 - 499 miles 6,442 21.1 3,017 10.7 1,330 23.9 22.9 3.5 17.7 2.4 17.8 3.6
500 - 749 miles 2,555 8.4 1,267 4.5 928 16.6 20.5 2.3 26.6 1 26.6 2.7
750 - 999 miles 1,124 3.7 499 1.8 500 9 17 0.6 29.4 0.6 29.1 1.8
1,000 - 1,499 miles 947 3.1 285 1 403 7.2 20.1 0.5 31.9 0.2 32.6 1.2
1,500 - 2,000 miles 293 1 30 0.1 61 1.1 34.8 0.4 31 - 33 0.3
More than 2,000 miles 824 2.7 242 0.9 663 11.9 27.6 0.6 47.1 0.2 48.2 2.2

Private truck

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles2 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 32,603 100 30,194 100 1,835 100 19.5 - 16.4 - 16.2 -
Less than 50 miles 19,403 59.5 22,376 74.1 490 26.7 7.3 5.4 19.7 3.2 16.6 4.2
50 - 99 miles 6,074 18.6 4,280 14.2 406 22.1 44.4 2.6 14.5 2.7 14.9 4
100 - 249 miles S S 2,590 8.6 522 28.5 S S 28.1 1.6 30.2 4.3
250 - 499 miles 1,524 4.7 944 3.1 413 22.5 36.7 1.4 32.8 0.8 36.5 5.3
500 - 749 miles 3 - S S S S 25 - S S S S
750 - 999 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
1,000 - 1,499 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
1,500 - 2,000 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
More than 2,000 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S

Rail

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles2 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 932 100 1,321 100 737 100 29.7 - 32.6 - 33.2 -
Less than 50 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
50 - 99 miles S S 8 0.6 1 0.1 S S 47.9 6.9 42.3 2.1
100 - 249 miles 115 12.4 179 13.6 47 6.4 32.4 6.3 33.3 7.5 45.2 5
250 - 499 miles 292 31.4 511 38.7 266 36 34.6 12.6 39.2 11.5 37.5 14
500 - 749 miles 296 31.7 S S S S 38.4 11.6 S S S S
750 - 999 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
1,000 - 1,499 miles 89 9.6 83 6.3 S S 45.4 5.3 49.4 7 S S
1,500 - 2,000 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
More than 2,000 miles 20 2.2 10 0.8 S S 17.2 18 24.1 14.1 S S

Water

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles2 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total S S S S S S S S S S S S
Less than 50 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
50 - 99 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
100 - 249 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
250 - 499 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
500 - 749 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
750 - 999 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
1,000 - 1,499 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
1,500 - 2,000 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
More than 2,000 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -

Shallow draft

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles2 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total S S S S S S S S S S S S
Less than 50 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
50 - 99 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
100 - 249 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
250 - 499 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
500 - 749 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
750 - 999 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
1,000 - 1,499 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
1,500 - 2,000 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
More than 2,000 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -

Deep draft

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles2 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total S S S S S S S S S S S S
Less than 50 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
50 - 99 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
100 - 249 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
250 - 499 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
500 - 749 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
750 - 999 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
1,000 - 1,499 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
1,500 - 2,000 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
More than 2,000 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -

Air (incl truck and air)

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles2 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total S S 10 100 12 100 S S 25.8 - 32.6 -
Less than 50 miles S S - - - - S S 29.9 0.1 28.3 -
50 - 99 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
100 - 249 miles S S 2 21.9 2 13.7 S S 22.6 5.7 37.6 5.2
250 - 499 miles S S 1 8.3 - 2.5 S S 44.8 3.2 43.5 1.4
500 - 749 miles S S 1 13.4 1 7.2 S S 36.3 5.3 33.5 2.7
750 - 999 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
1,000 - 1,499 miles 37 2.9 1 10.2 1 11.2 44.7 4.7 41.4 10.2 41 11.9
1,500 - 2,000 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
More than 2,000 miles 110 8.6 2 19 S S 50 8.9 40.5 7.7 S S

Multiple modes

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles2 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 10,451 100 1,600 100 2,246 100 13.4 - 34.5 - 47 -
Less than 50 miles 2,605 24.9 82 5.1 3 0.1 28.7 4.4 29.5 3.6 32.9 0.1
50 - 99 miles 705 6.7 42 2.7 5 0.2 21 1.6 36.8 2.2 41.1 0.3
100 - 249 miles 1,482 14.2 S S S S 9.6 2.4 S S S S
250 - 499 miles 1,157 11.1 S S S S 18.5 1.5 S S S S
500 - 749 miles 1,461 14 S S S S 32.6 3.4 S S S S
750 - 999 miles 879 8.4 S S S S 21.9 1.4 S S S S
1,000 - 1,499 miles 619 5.9 121 7.6 212 9.4 15.6 1.4 39.1 2.2 41.1 2.7
1,500 - 2,000 miles 286 2.7 14 0.9 26 1.2 47.2 0.8 46.3 0.5 44.4 1.8
More than 2,000 miles 1,256 12 S S S S 20.5 2.4 S S S S

Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles2 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 8,742 100 350 100 246 100 17.2 - 34.6 - 42.8 -
Less than 50 miles 2,547 29.1 56 15.9 2 0.8 28.9 4.3 26.3 5.6 24.7 0.7
50 - 99 miles 700 8 41 11.8 4 1.8 21.4 1.8 37.9 2.1 42.3 0.6
100 - 249 miles 1,361 15.6 41 11.6 8 3.4 11.1 2.3 33.8 2.9 32.7 1.7
250 - 499 miles 1,062 12.1 45 12.8 19 7.8 19.9 1.6 35.2 1.3 34.5 1.8
500 - 749 miles 896 10.2 49 14 38 15.3 40.1 2 41.5 2.4 42.9 2.5
750 - 999 miles 770 8.8 S S S S 22.8 1.4 S S S S
1,000 - 1,499 miles 422 4.8 18 5.1 25 10.3 24.6 1.5 44.4 1 45.1 1.5
1,500 - 2,000 miles 286 3.3 14 4 26 10.7 47.2 0.8 46.3 2.1 44.4 6.6
More than 2,000 miles 700 8 S S S S 17.2 1.6 S S S S

Truck and rail

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles2 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 1,519 100 S S S S 47.1 - S S S S
Less than 50 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
50 - 99 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
100 - 249 miles S S 12 1.1 3 0.2 S S 42 2.9 44.1 11.6
250 - 499 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
500 - 749 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
750 - 999 miles S S 78 7.2 88 4.5 S S 40 11.7 39.6 11.9
1,000 - 1,499 miles 197 12.9 103 9.5 186 9.6 31.4 9.4 37.7 12 38.2 7.8
1,500 - 2,000 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
More than 2,000 miles 530 34.9 S S S S 33.4 10.6 S S S S

Truck and water

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles2 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 92 100 14 100 S S 28.5 - 26.9 - S S
Less than 50 miles 50 54.8 8 57.2 S S 35.2 13.4 4.7 12.8 S S
50 - 99 miles S S S S - 1.3 S S S S 47.7 2.4
100 - 249 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
250 - 499 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
500 - 749 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
750 - 999 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
1,000 - 1,499 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
1,500 - 2,000 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
More than 2,000 miles 27 29.6 S S S S 21.5 18.3 S S S S

Rail and water

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles2 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 97 100 2 100 S S 32 - 46.1 - S S
Less than 50 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
50 - 99 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
100 - 249 miles 97 100 2 100 S S 32 - 46.1 - S S
250 - 499 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
500 - 749 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
750 - 999 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
1,000 - 1,499 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
1,500 - 2,000 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
More than 2,000 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -

Other multiple modes

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles2 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total S S S S S S S S S S S S
Less than 50 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
50 - 99 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
100 - 249 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
250 - 499 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
500 - 749 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
750 - 999 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
1,000 - 1,499 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
1,500 - 2,000 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
More than 2,000 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -

Other and unknown modes

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles2 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 1,296 100 S S S S 41.8 - S S S S
Less than 50 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
50 - 99 miles 123 9.5 52 6.3 5 2.1 29.7 3.5 22.7 4.2 24.1 4.7
100 - 249 miles 129 10 58 7.1 12 5.5 30.4 15.3 35.2 15.9 33.8 14.4
250 - 499 miles 67 5.2 S S S S 44.6 3.2 S S S S
500 - 749 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
750 - 999 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
1,000 - 1,499 miles 10 0.8 S S S S 32.6 1.7 S S S S
1,500 - 2,000 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
More than 2,000 miles 24 1.8 S S S S 39.2 2 S S S S

KEY: S = Estimate does not meet publication standards because of high sampling variability or poor response quality. - = Zero or Less than half the unit shown; thus, it has been rounded to zero.

1 Commodity Flow Survey (CFS) geographic areas were drawn from a subset of Combined Statistical Areas (CSAs) and Metropolitan Statistical Areas (MeSAs) as defined by the Office of Management and Budget (OMB). However, CFS metropolitan areas are divided into their state parts when they include more than one state. In addition, the CFS also utilizes a unique geography referred to as, "remainder of state," to represent those areas of a state not contained within a separately published metropolitan area for the CFS (as opposed to not part of any Core-Based Statistical Area (CBSA) as defined by OMB). Because of the differences in the CFS geography, as compared to OMB defined geography, caution should be exercised when comparing CFS estimates to other estimates of similar geography.
2 Ton-miles estimates are based on estimated distances traveled along a modeled transportation network.
3 Coefficient of Variation.
4 "Truck" as a single mode includes any shipment that was made by private truck only, by for-hire truck only, or by a combination of private and for-hire truck.
5 Estimates for pipeline exclude shipments of crude petroleum.

NOTES: Value-of-shipment estimates are reported in current prices. Estimated measures of sampling variability for each estimate known as coefficients of variation (CV) are also provided in these tables. More information on sampling error, confidentiality protection, nonsampling error, sample design, and definitions may be found at http://www.bts.gov/publications/commodity_flow_survey/.
Rows are not shown if all cells for that particular mode have no data. For example, since Denver-Aurora-Boulder by "Water" has no data for any mileage group, the entire mode of "Water" for that area was removed from this table. However, if a mode has at least one row of data for one of the mileage groups, then the entire mode is shown even though there may be rows absent of data within that mode. For example, Denver-Aurora-Boulder by "Other and unknown modes" has a row absent of data for the mileage group of "More than 2,000 miles" but does have data for the other mileage groups under that mode so it will be shown in its entirety.

SOURCE: U.S. Department of Transportation, Research and Innovative Technology Administration, Bureau of Transportation Statistics and U.S. Department of Commerce, U.S. Census Bureau, 2007 Economic Census: Transportation Commodity Flow Survey, December 2009.