Table 4. Shipment Characteristics by Mode of Transportation and Shipment Size for Metropolitan Area of Origin: 2007

Table 4. Shipment Characteristics by Mode of Transportation and Shipment Size for Metropolitan Area of Origin: 2007

Estimates are based on data from the 2007 Commodity Flow Survey. Because of rounding, estimates may not be additive.

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All Modes

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 77,119 100 62,024 100 10,619 100 414 9.6 - 15.2 - 15.9 - 17.9
Less than 50 lbs 9,211 11.9 201 0.3 95 0.9 547 16.6 2.2 20.0 - 39.7 0.2 17.1
50 - 99 lbs 2,997 3.9 153 0.2 34 0.3 220 26.8 1.1 19.6 - 39.0 0.1 14.6
100 - 499 lbs 7,798 10.1 1,014 1.6 182 1.7 199 16.4 1.5 16.0 0.2 32.2 0.5 17.9
500 - 749 lbs 3,092 4.0 527 0.9 65 0.6 124 25.0 0.7 15.0 0.1 22.5 0.1 11.4
750 - 999 lbs 2,423 3.1 478 0.8 60 0.6 128 28.3 1.0 14.8 0.2 24.3 0.1 16.3
1,000 - 9,999 lbs 17,006 22.1 5,286 8.5 881 8.3 152 12.3 2.6 13.1 1.2 22.3 2.0 11.2
10,000 - 49,999 lbs 30,197 39.2 44,332 71.5 7,617 71.7 177 22.6 4.2 16.9 2.1 18.1 3.6 11.6
50,000 - 99,999 lbs 3,461 4.5 7,694 12.4 626 5.9 S 29.5 1.3 21.8 2.5 30.8 1.4 S
More than 100,000 lbs 933 1.2 2,339 3.8 1,060 10.0 432 31.0 0.3 27.5 1.1 41.2 3.6 44.8

Single modes

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 65,372 100 59,609 100 8,158 100 99 10.9 - 15.6 - 18.0 - 9.7
Less than 50 lbs 3,461 5.3 78 0.1 7 0.1 95 37.0 2.4 13.1 - 18.2 - 22.5
50 - 99 lbs 1,525 2.3 91 0.2 6 0.1 70 34.8 1.0 11.0 - 14.8 - 10.5
100 - 499 lbs 6,258 9.6 859 1.4 71 0.9 80 19.5 1.6 12.8 0.2 19.4 0.2 8.2
500 - 749 lbs 2,973 4.5 512 0.9 58 0.7 116 26.3 0.9 15.3 0.1 23.3 0.1 12.2
750 - 999 lbs 2,381 3.6 463 0.8 47 0.6 102 28.6 1.3 14.5 0.2 20.4 0.2 11.4
1,000 - 9,999 lbs 16,515 25.3 5,017 8.4 711 8.7 137 12.2 2.7 13.1 1.3 12.6 1.3 7.9
10,000 - 49,999 lbs 27,983 42.8 42,965 72.1 6,117 75.0 148 24.5 4.5 17.4 2.2 20.4 2.7 8.2
50,000 - 99,999 lbs 3,447 5.3 7,688 12.9 625 7.7 S 29.8 1.6 21.9 2.6 30.9 1.8 S
More than 100,000 lbs 829 1.3 1,937 3.2 515 6.3 312 30.0 0.4 34.7 1.1 36.0 2.1 18.2

Truck4

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 63,135 100 58,267 100 7,409 100 92 10.9 - 15.8 - 18.9 - 9.5
Less than 50 lbs 3,298 5.2 77 0.1 6 0.1 82 38.9 2.4 13.0 - 15.4 - 23.0
50 - 99 lbs 1,405 2.2 90 0.2 6 0.1 63 37.9 1.0 11.0 - 15.6 - 10.6
100 - 499 lbs 5,461 8.7 855 1.5 67 0.9 75 16.4 1.1 12.8 0.2 20.1 0.2 8.5
500 - 749 lbs 2,957 4.7 511 0.9 57 0.8 115 26.3 0.9 15.3 0.2 23.3 0.1 12.3
750 - 999 lbs 2,308 3.7 456 0.8 44 0.6 97 29.4 1.3 14.9 0.2 21.3 0.1 10.5
1,000 - 9,999 lbs 16,366 25.9 5,008 8.6 705 9.5 137 12.4 2.8 13.1 1.3 12.9 1.4 8.0
10,000 - 49,999 lbs 27,811 44.1 42,869 73.6 6,040 81.5 145 24.6 4.7 17.5 2.4 20.8 2.3 8.1
50,000 - 99,999 lbs 3,311 5.2 7,496 12.9 453 6.1 64 30.0 1.7 21.7 2.6 32.5 1.7 15.7
More than 100,000 lbs 217 0.3 S S S S S 24.0 0.1 S S S S S

For-hire truck

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 30,532 100 28,073 100 5,574 100 204 8.0 - 18.9 - 20.8 - 41.6
Less than 50 lbs S S 10 - 3 0.1 S S S 39.9 - 21.2 - S
50 - 99 lbs S S 7 - 2 - 327 S S 12.9 - 18.0 - 21.5
100 - 499 lbs 1,703 5.6 105 0.4 35 0.6 309 26.9 1.0 22.8 0.1 29.6 0.2 25.6
500 - 749 lbs 1,502 4.9 97 0.3 39 0.7 404 44.2 1.5 29.2 0.1 31.9 0.1 7.7
750 - 999 lbs 394 1.3 73 0.3 25 0.5 338 23.1 0.2 32.6 - 26.5 0.1 28.8
1,000 - 9,999 lbs 7,340 24.0 1,411 5.0 485 8.7 407 13.4 2.1 17.7 0.8 15.4 1.4 8.6
10,000 - 49,999 lbs 15,603 51.1 23,575 84.0 4,770 85.6 216 8.5 4.6 17.8 2.7 21.9 2.4 9.1
50,000 - 99,999 lbs 1,346 4.4 2,773 9.9 S S 79 43.5 1.6 42.6 2.8 S S 18.7
More than 100,000 lbs S S 20 0.1 S S S S S 28.2 0.1 S S S

Private truck

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 32,603 100 30,194 100 1,835 100 45 19.5 - 16.4 - 16.2 - 6.4
Less than 50 lbs 1,315 4.0 66 0.2 2 0.1 42 11.2 0.8 15.1 0.1 15.4 - 15.9
50 - 99 lbs 793 2.4 83 0.3 3 0.2 39 16.7 0.5 11.8 0.1 15.6 - 8.2
100 - 499 lbs 3,759 11.5 750 2.5 32 1.7 41 13.6 1.7 13.0 0.4 14.2 0.2 7.8
500 - 749 lbs 1,456 4.5 414 1.4 19 1.0 45 13.3 0.5 14.0 0.3 13.5 0.2 5.0
750 - 999 lbs 1,915 5.9 383 1.3 19 1.0 50 36.9 2.5 15.2 0.4 16.6 0.3 10.7
1,000 - 9,999 lbs 9,026 27.7 3,597 11.9 221 12.0 59 14.2 3.9 13.8 2.0 13.2 1.8 7.1
10,000 - 49,999 lbs S S 19,293 63.9 1,270 69.2 65 S S 20.7 3.9 20.6 4.6 10.6
50,000 - 99,999 lbs 1,965 6.0 4,723 15.6 239 13.0 54 33.4 2.4 22.5 3.8 22.9 4.8 13.4
More than 100,000 lbs 167 0.5 S S S S S 23.4 0.3 S S S S S

Rail

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 932 100 1,321 100 737 100 505 29.7 - 32.6 - 33.2 - 19.1
Less than 50 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
50 - 99 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
100 - 499 lbs S S S S S S 4 S S S S S S 20.5
500 - 749 lbs S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
750 - 999 lbs S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
1,000 - 9,999 lbs 6 0.6 5 0.4 S S S 34.5 3.1 46.5 6.6 S S S
10,000 - 49,999 lbs 170 18.2 96 7.3 77 10.4 817 36.4 13.1 31.5 15.3 36.4 14.9 17.2
50,000 - 99,999 lbs 136 14.6 192 14.6 173 23.4 868 38.4 17.0 40.4 12.0 44.1 19.7 41.6
More than 100,000 lbs 593 63.6 1,022 77.4 485 65.9 483 39.5 7.5 37.7 6.4 37.7 10.3 48.7

Water

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Less than 50 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
50 - 99 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
100 - 499 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
500 - 749 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
750 - 999 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
1,000 - 9,999 lbs S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
10,000 - 49,999 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
50,000 - 99,999 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
More than 100,000 lbs S S S S S S S S S S S S S S

Shallow draft

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total S S S S S S 4 S S S S S S -
Less than 50 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
50 - 99 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
100 - 499 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
500 - 749 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
750 - 999 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
1,000 - 9,999 lbs S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
10,000 - 49,999 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
50,000 - 99,999 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
More than 100,000 lbs S S S S S S S S S S S S S S

Deep draft

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Less than 50 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
50 - 99 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
100 - 499 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
500 - 749 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
750 - 999 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
1,000 - 9,999 lbs S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
10,000 - 49,999 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
50,000 - 99,999 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
More than 100,000 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -

Air (incl truck and air)

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total S S 10 100 12 100 1,225 S S 25.8 - 32.6 - 6.4
Less than 50 lbs S S 1 9.3 1 9.5 1,239 S S 42.5 2.7 43.7 5.2 9.8
50 - 99 lbs S S 1 5.6 1 5.5 1,175 S S 35.9 3.5 36.2 3.7 32.8
100 - 499 lbs S S 3 32.4 4 29.4 1,231 S S 34.1 8.9 38.8 9.9 14.4
500 - 749 lbs 16 1.2 1 7.2 S S 1,234 38.8 13.2 16.9 16.5 S S 35.1
750 - 999 lbs 46 3.6 1 14.3 1 9.2 796 49.8 13.3 25.8 13.7 33.8 15.7 18.7
1,000 - 9,999 lbs 139 10.9 3 29.1 S S 1,152 45.2 11.1 45.0 9.5 S S 39.0
10,000 - 49,999 lbs S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
50,000 - 99,999 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
More than 100,000 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -

Multiple modes

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 10,451 100 1,600 100 2,246 100 803 13.4 - 34.5 - 47.0 - 12.0
Less than 50 lbs 5,651 54.1 120 7.5 88 3.9 829 18.9 4.6 34.1 5.7 43.0 6.3 12.8
50 - 99 lbs 1,462 14.0 62 3.8 27 1.2 439 27.3 2.4 48.0 2.3 48.9 1.3 10.6
100 - 499 lbs 1,487 14.2 142 8.9 111 5.0 791 15.0 3.2 39.0 5.4 45.1 5.4 11.4
500 - 749 lbs 101 1.0 12 0.7 S S 536 33.9 0.2 33.4 1.0 S S 22.4
750 - 999 lbs 41 0.4 S S S S 855 47.1 0.3 S S S S 29.6
1,000 - 9,999 lbs 42 0.4 9 0.6 5 0.2 S 47.4 0.4 25.4 1.2 35.0 1.4 S
10,000 - 49,999 lbs 1,603 15.3 S S S S 1,614 41.5 6.1 S S S S 18.2
50,000 - 99,999 lbs S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
More than 100,000 lbs 62 0.6 S S S S 2,620 46.2 0.7 S S S S 44.9

Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 8,742 100 350 100 246 100 801 17.2 - 34.6 - 42.8 - 12.2
Less than 50 lbs 5,650 64.6 120 34.4 88 35.9 829 18.9 3.2 34.1 5.6 43.0 6.4 12.8
50 - 99 lbs 1,462 16.7 62 17.6 27 11.2 439 27.3 2.5 48.0 2.1 48.9 1.7 10.6
100 - 499 lbs 1,487 17.0 142 40.6 111 45.3 791 15.0 3.2 39.0 4.7 45.1 6.0 11.4
500 - 749 lbs 101 1.2 12 3.3 S S 536 33.9 0.4 33.4 2.4 S S 22.4
750 - 999 lbs 41 0.5 S S S S 862 47.2 0.4 S S S S 29.1
1,000 - 9,999 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
10,000 - 49,999 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
50,000 - 99,999 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
More than 100,000 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -

Truck and rail

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 1,519 100 S S S S 1,459 47.1 - S S S S 19.0
Less than 50 lbs S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
50 - 99 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
100 - 499 lbs S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
500 - 749 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
750 - 999 lbs S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
1,000 - 9,999 lbs S S 8 0.7 5 0.2 S S S 27.7 9.5 35.8 6.6 S
10,000 - 49,999 lbs 1,433 94.3 S S 1,444 74.2 1,631 47.0 7.8 S S 49.6 6.3 20.3
50,000 - 99,999 lbs S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
More than 100,000 lbs 56 3.7 S S S S 2,626 42.2 5.8 S S S S 26.0

Truck and water

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 92 100 14 100 S S 581 28.5 - 26.9 - S S 32.9
Less than 50 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
50 - 99 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
100 - 499 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
500 - 749 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
750 - 999 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
1,000 - 9,999 lbs S S S S - 1.3 S S S S S 47.7 2.4 S
10,000 - 49,999 lbs 81 88.2 11 78.9 S S S 36.1 11.0 26.4 16.7 S S S
50,000 - 99,999 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
More than 100,000 lbs S S S S S S S S S S S S S S

Rail and water

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 97 100 2 100 S S 212 32.0 - 46.1 - S S -
Less than 50 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
50 - 99 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
100 - 499 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
500 - 749 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
750 - 999 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
1,000 - 9,999 lbs S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
10,000 - 49,999 lbs 89 91.9 S S S S 212 40.6 13.3 S S S S -
50,000 - 99,999 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
More than 100,000 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -

Other multiple modes

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Less than 50 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
50 - 99 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
100 - 499 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
500 - 749 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
750 - 999 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
1,000 - 9,999 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
10,000 - 49,999 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
50,000 - 99,999 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
More than 100,000 lbs S S S S S S S S S S S S S S

Other and unknown modes

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 1,296 100 S S S S 109 41.8 - S S S S 31.4
Less than 50 lbs 99 7.6 S S S S 50 41.7 2.7 S S S S 42.5
50 - 99 lbs 10 0.8 1 0.1 S S S 36.9 0.3 25.1 0.1 S S S
100 - 499 lbs 53 4.1 S S - 0.1 S 46.8 2.7 S S 41.9 0.8 S
500 - 749 lbs 18 1.4 4 0.5 - - 16 47.1 2.0 42.3 0.7 47.5 0.3 44.0
750 - 999 lbs S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
1,000 - 9,999 lbs 449 34.6 S S S S 441 33.2 8.4 S S S S 20.2
10,000 - 49,999 lbs S S S S 49 22.7 S S S S S 39.5 15.3 S
50,000 - 99,999 lbs 13 1.0 S S 1 0.4 S 46.8 7.4 S S 44.7 2.5 S
More than 100,000 lbs S S S S S S S S S S S S S S

KEY: S = Estimate does not meet publication standards because of high sampling variability or poor response quality. - = Zero or Less than half the unit shown; thus, it has been rounded to zero.

1 Commodity Flow Survey (CFS) geographic areas were drawn from a subset of Combined Statistical Areas (CSAs) and Metropolitan Statistical Areas (MeSAs) as defined by the Office of Management and Budget (OMB). However, CFS metropolitan areas are divided into their state parts when they include more than one state. In addition, the CFS also utilizes a unique geography referred to as, "remainder of state," to represent those areas of a state not contained within a separately published metropolitan area for the CFS (as opposed to not part of any Core-Based Statistical Area (CBSA) as defined by OMB). Because of the differences in the CFS geography, as compared to OMB defined geography, caution should be exercised when comparing CFS estimates to other estimates of similar geography.
2 Ton-miles estimates are based on estimated distances traveled along a modeled transportation network.
3 Coefficient of Variation.
4 ""Truck"" as a single mode includes any shipment that was made by private truck only, by for-hire truck only, or by a combination of private and for-hire truck.
5 Estimates for pipeline exclude shipments of crude petroleum.

NOTES: Value-of-shipment estimates are reported in current prices. Estimated measures of sampling variability for each estimate known as coefficients of variation (CV) are also provided in these tables. More information on sampling error, confidentiality protection, nonsampling error, sample design, and definitions may be found at http://www.bts.gov/publications/commodity_flow_survey/
Rows are not shown if all cells for that particular mode have no data. For example, since Denver-Aurora-Boulder by "Water" has no data for any shipment weight group, the entire mode of "Water" for that area was removed from this table. However, if a mode has at least one row of data for one of the shipment weight groups, then the entire mode is shown even though there may be rows absent of data within that mode. For example, Denver-Aurora-Boulder by "Other and unknown modes" has a row absent of data for the shipment size of "More than 100,000 lbs" but does have data for the other shipment weight groups under that mode so it will be shown in its entirety.

SOURCE: U.S. Department of Transportation, Research and Innovative Technology Administration, Bureau of Transportation Statistics and U.S. Department of Commerce, U.S. Census Bureau, 2007 Economic Census: Transportation Commodity Flow Survey, December 2009.