Table 3. Shipment Characteristics by Mode of Transportation and Distance Shipped for Metropolitan Area of Origin: 2007

Table 3. Shipment Characteristics by Mode of Transportation and Distance Shipped for Metropolitan Area of Origin: 2007

Estimates are based on data from the 2007 Commodity Flow Survey. Because of rounding, estimates may not be additive.

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All modes

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles2 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 77,631 100 119,468 100 34,451 100 13.2 - 20.8 - 18.6 -
Less than 50 miles 34,804 44.8 73,880 61.8 1,162 3.4 29.8 8.4 30.6 9.9 28.2 1
50 - 99 miles 8,548 11 9,298 7.8 1,140 3.3 25.9 2.8 23.3 4.6 42 2
100 - 249 miles 7,055 9.1 9,892 8.3 S S 27.3 2.1 43.1 2.2 S S
250 - 499 miles 7,577 9.8 7,209 6 3,733 10.8 17.4 2.6 14.1 2.2 17.8 1.9
500 - 749 miles 6,072 7.8 5,194 4.3 4,240 12.3 24.7 2.2 22.3 2.5 21.8 3.3
750 - 999 miles 5,487 7.1 5,770 4.8 6,422 18.6 14.4 1.4 14 1.4 14.3 3.5
1,000 - 1,499 miles 6,888 8.9 7,216 6 S S 42.8 3.7 43 3.9 S S
1,500 - 2,000 miles 1,111 1.4 891 0.7 1,959 5.7 25.5 0.4 29.1 0.5 33 2
More than 2,000 miles 89 0.1 S S S S 32.3 0.1 S S S S

Single modes

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles2 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 70,488 100 111,477 100 30,009 100 14.3 - 20.6 - 21.6 -
Less than 50 miles 34,569 49 73,799 66.2 1,161 3.9 30.1 9.3 30.7 10.7 28.2 2
50 - 99 miles 7,455 10.6 8,356 7.5 1,042 3.5 29.7 3.2 26.2 4.6 46.6 2.2
100 - 249 miles 4,615 6.5 6,252 5.6 1,369 4.6 20.3 1.6 23.7 1.4 23.7 2.1
250 - 499 miles 6,437 9.1 6,019 5.4 3,185 10.6 17.6 2.8 13.3 2.4 20.1 2.7
500 - 749 miles 5,288 7.5 4,389 3.9 3,510 11.7 30.2 2.3 29 2.8 29.3 3.4
750 - 999 miles 4,839 6.9 4,873 4.4 5,468 18.2 17.3 1.5 17.5 1.5 17.9 3.6
1,000 - 1,499 miles 6,421 9.1 6,973 6.3 S S 46.8 3.9 45 4 S S
1,500 - 2,000 miles 790 1.1 699 0.6 1,569 5.2 28.4 0.3 31.9 0.5 37.2 1.9
More than 2,000 miles 73 0.1 117 0.1 330 1.1 28.3 0.2 43.6 0.2 43 1

Truck4

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles2 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 26,141 100 34,643 100 6,058 100 8 - 20.2 - 12.2 -
Less than 50 miles 9,558 36.6 22,140 63.9 462 7.6 15.1 5 31.7 6.7 18.7 2.4
50 - 99 miles 3,782 14.5 4,380 12.6 376 6.2 13.3 2 15 1.7 14.9 1.3
100 - 249 miles 2,605 10 2,367 6.8 474 7.8 17.5 1.4 19.4 1.4 17.6 1.4
250 - 499 miles 3,782 14.5 2,182 6.3 1,018 16.8 22.2 2.8 15.6 2.3 16.4 1.9
500 - 749 miles 2,893 11.1 1,402 4 1,020 16.8 25.5 2.2 25.8 2 24.9 2.4
750 - 999 miles 2,020 7.7 1,224 3.5 1,304 21.5 17.1 1.2 18.4 0.9 18.6 2.6
1,000 - 1,499 miles 1,198 4.6 768 2.2 1,044 17.2 31.1 1.4 33 1.2 30.9 2.8
1,500 - 2,000 miles 290 1.1 178 0.5 358 5.9 16.8 0.2 19.3 0.2 18.6 1.4
More than 2,000 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S

For-hire truck

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles2 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 15,568 100 22,223 100 5,100 100 8.4 - 23.8 - 14.4 -
Less than 50 miles 3,652 23.5 13,524 60.9 262 5.1 24.2 5.2 41.7 9.4 19.9 1.9
50 - 99 miles 1,883 12.1 2,591 11.7 217 4.3 19 2.4 19.1 2.2 19.4 0.9
100 - 249 miles 1,154 7.4 1,180 5.3 253 5 13.9 1.1 35.9 1.4 34.7 1.2
250 - 499 miles 2,570 16.5 1,418 6.4 708 13.9 20.1 2.7 15.4 2.2 15.7 1.2
500 - 749 miles 2,891 18.6 1,391 6.3 1,012 19.8 25.5 3.3 25.3 3.5 24.4 2.8
750 - 999 miles 1,930 12.4 1,183 5.3 1,260 24.7 14.8 1.9 17.1 1.6 17.5 2.7
1,000 - 1,499 miles 1,186 7.6 759 3.4 1,027 20.1 31.6 2.5 33.6 2.2 31.6 3.2
1,500 - 2,000 miles 290 1.9 178 0.8 358 7 16.8 0.3 19.3 0.4 18.6 1.6
More than 2,000 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S

Private truck

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles2 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 10,572 100 12,420 100 958 100 12.7 - 19 - 17.6 -
Less than 50 miles 5,906 55.9 8,617 69.4 199 20.8 15.5 4.9 21.5 5 24.2 5
50 - 99 miles 1,899 18 1,789 14.4 159 16.6 14.5 2.6 20 2.6 20.1 3.4
100 - 249 miles 1,451 13.7 1,188 9.6 221 23.1 25.9 2.9 29.2 2.1 21.1 3.2
250 - 499 miles 1,212 11.5 765 6.2 311 32.4 34.7 3.3 30.3 2.5 32 7.4
500 - 749 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
750 - 999 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
1,000 - 1,499 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
1,500 - 2,000 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
More than 2,000 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -

Rail

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles2 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 13,313 100 16,396 100 14,225 100 17.5 - 19.5 - 21.5 -
Less than 50 miles 1,153 8.7 2,158 13.2 48 0.3 29.4 2.7 31.8 3.1 41.7 0.1
50 - 99 miles 472 3.5 367 2.2 34 0.2 31.1 0.9 40.7 0.7 40.4 0.1
100 - 249 miles 1,583 11.9 1,601 9.8 370 2.6 48.4 4 34.3 3.3 34 0.9
250 - 499 miles 2,231 16.8 2,360 14.4 1,189 8.4 21.2 2.4 16.2 2.1 16 1.3
500 - 749 miles 2,318 17.4 2,770 16.9 2,308 16.2 46.8 4.8 35.1 5.1 35.2 4.9
750 - 999 miles 2,687 20.2 3,319 20.2 3,777 26.5 27.3 4.4 24 4.2 24.5 6.2
1,000 - 1,499 miles 2,308 17.3 3,184 19.4 4,961 34.9 30.8 4.4 37.7 4.7 37.9 7.3
1,500 - 2,000 miles 499 3.8 521 3.2 1,211 8.5 35.7 1.9 37.8 1.1 43.6 3.4
More than 2,000 miles 61 0.5 116 0.7 328 2.3 32.5 0.6 37.3 0.6 36.5 2.2

Water

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles2 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 12,921 100 28,494 100 S S 35.6 - 38.6 - S S
Less than 50 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
50 - 99 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
100 - 249 miles S S 974 3.4 S S S S 30.5 11.1 S S
250 - 499 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
500 - 749 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
750 - 999 miles S S 242 0.9 316 3.5 S S 9.5 2.5 8.4 6
1,000 - 1,499 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
1,500 - 2,000 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
More than 2,000 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -

Shallow draft

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles2 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 9,988 100 24,673 100 2,416 100 42.9 - 44.8 - 41.1 -
Less than 50 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
50 - 99 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
100 - 249 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
250 - 499 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
500 - 749 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
750 - 999 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
1,000 - 1,499 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
1,500 - 2,000 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
More than 2,000 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -

Deep draft

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles2 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total S S S S S S S S S S S S
Less than 50 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
50 - 99 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
100 - 249 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
250 - 499 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
500 - 749 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
750 - 999 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
1,000 - 1,499 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
1,500 - 2,000 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
More than 2,000 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -

Air (incl truck and air)

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles2 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total S S S S S S S S S S S S
Less than 50 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
50 - 99 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
100 - 249 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
250 - 499 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
500 - 749 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
750 - 999 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
1,000 - 1,499 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
1,500 - 2,000 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
More than 2,000 miles - 1.2 - 2.1 - 4.3 47.1 11.5 4.1 7.6 6.5 17.6

Pipeline5

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles2 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 18,080 100 31,943 100 S S 38.2 - 32.6 - S S
Less than 50 miles 17,624 97.5 30,093 94.2 S S 36.8 2.7 31.1 2.9 S S
50 - 99 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
100 - 249 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
250 - 499 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
500 - 749 miles 62 0.3 155 0.5 S S 25.8 11.1 25.3 10.2 S S
750 - 999 miles 36 0.2 88 0.3 S S 32.8 13.9 30.1 12.9 S S
1,000 - 1,499 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
1,500 - 2,000 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
More than 2,000 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -

Multiple modes

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles2 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 6,708 100 7,505 100 4,037 100 29.6 - 39.2 - 32.5 -
Less than 50 miles 110 1.6 S S S S 27 1.3 S S S S
50 - 99 miles 1,057 15.8 912 12.1 95 2.4 33.6 7.8 39.3 9.7 48.2 4.5
100 - 249 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
250 - 499 miles 1,125 16.8 S S S S 49 4.5 S S S S
500 - 749 miles 687 10.2 798 10.6 725 18 40 4.7 38.7 9.5 44 9
750 - 999 miles S S 590 7.9 668 16.5 S S 47.7 4.6 45 5.6
1,000 - 1,499 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
1,500 - 2,000 miles 276 4.1 S S S S 44.3 4.4 S S S S
More than 2,000 miles 2 - S S S S 44.4 0.1 S S S S

Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles2 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total S S 36 100 17 100 S S 45 - 37.4 -
Less than 50 miles 88 5.8 5 14.9 - 1 29.5 4.2 40.7 4.9 36.6 0.4
50 - 99 miles 123 8.1 4 12.1 S S 38.1 5 47 3.5 S S
100 - 249 miles S S S S 1 7.4 S S S S 48 7
250 - 499 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
500 - 749 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
750 - 999 miles 61 4 1 3.1 1 6.8 28.8 3.6 27.4 2.1 27.7 2
1,000 - 1,499 miles S S 2 6.4 3 19.5 S S 32.3 2.9 32.3 4.3
1,500 - 2,000 miles 40 2.6 1 4 3 16.6 34.3 1.1 35.8 2.3 35.4 4.1
More than 2,000 miles 2 0.2 S S S S 44.4 0.6 S S S S

Truck and rail

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles2 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 2,421 100 2,140 100 1,535 100 34.6 - 32.8 - 34.9 -
Less than 50 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
50 - 99 miles 840 34.7 599 28 47 3.1 36.2 15.2 35.7 11.9 37.5 3.3
100 - 249 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
250 - 499 miles 192 7.9 263 12.3 117 7.6 41.2 4.8 28.3 3.8 24.4 5.7
500 - 749 miles 170 7 184 8.6 164 10.7 48.7 7.3 24.2 11 24 10.5
750 - 999 miles S S 471 22 496 32.3 S S 47.6 5.5 44.2 4.9
1,000 - 1,499 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
1,500 - 2,000 miles 235 9.7 S S S S 42.6 18.3 S S S S
More than 2,000 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -

Truck and water

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles2 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total S S S S S S S S S S S S
Less than 50 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
50 - 99 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
100 - 249 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
250 - 499 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
500 - 749 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
750 - 999 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
1,000 - 1,499 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
1,500 - 2,000 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
More than 2,000 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -

Rail and water

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles2 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total S S 906 100 634 100 S S 3.1 - 35.9 -
Less than 50 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
50 - 99 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
100 - 249 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
250 - 499 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
500 - 749 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
750 - 999 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
1,000 - 1,499 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
1,500 - 2,000 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
More than 2,000 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -

Other multiple modes

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles2 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total S S S S S S S S S S S S
Less than 50 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
50 - 99 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
100 - 249 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
250 - 499 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
500 - 749 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
750 - 999 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
1,000 - 1,499 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
1,500 - 2,000 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
More than 2,000 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -

Other and unknown modes

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles2 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 435 100 S S S S 37.5 - S S S S
Less than 50 miles 125 28.7 S S 1 0.1 28.9 9.5 S S 46.2 3.8
50 - 99 miles 36 8.2 S S S S 42.7 4 S S S S
100 - 249 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
250 - 499 miles 14 3.3 S S S S 44.6 8.4 S S S S
500 - 749 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
750 - 999 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
1,000 - 1,499 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
1,500 - 2,000 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
More than 2,000 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S

KEY: S = Estimate does not meet publication standards because of high sampling variability or poor response quality. - = Zero or Less than half the unit shown; thus, it has been rounded to zero.

1 Commodity Flow Survey (CFS) geographic areas were drawn from a subset of Combined Statistical Areas (CSAs) and Metropolitan Statistical Areas (MeSAs) as defined by the Office of Management and Budget (OMB). However, CFS metropolitan areas are divided into their state parts when they include more than one state. In addition, the CFS also utilizes a unique geography referred to as, "remainder of state," to represent those areas of a state not contained within a separately published metropolitan area for the CFS (as opposed to not part of any Core-Based Statistical Area (CBSA) as defined by OMB). Because of the differences in the CFS geography, as compared to OMB defined geography, caution should be exercised when comparing CFS estimates to other estimates of similar geography.
2 Ton-miles estimates are based on estimated distances traveled along a modeled transportation network.
3 Coefficient of Variation.
4 "Truck" as a single mode includes any shipment that was made by private truck only, by for-hire truck only, or by a combination of private and for-hire truck.
5 Estimates for pipeline exclude shipments of crude petroleum.

NOTES: Value-of-shipment estimates are reported in current prices. Estimated measures of sampling variability for each estimate known as coefficients of variation (CV) are also provided in these tables. More information on sampling error, confidentiality protection, nonsampling error, sample design, and definitions may be found at http://www.bts.gov/publications/commodity_flow_survey/.
Rows are not shown if all cells for that particular mode have no data. For example, since Denver-Aurora-Boulder by "Water" has no data for any mileage group, the entire mode of "Water" for that area was removed from this table. However, if a mode has at least one row of data for one of the mileage groups, then the entire mode is shown even though there may be rows absent of data within that mode. For example, Denver-Aurora-Boulder by "Other and unknown modes" has a row absent of data for the mileage group of "More than 2,000 miles" but does have data for the other mileage groups under that mode so it will be shown in its entirety.

SOURCE: U.S. Department of Transportation, Research and Innovative Technology Administration, Bureau of Transportation Statistics and U.S. Department of Commerce, U.S. Census Bureau, 2007 Economic Census: Transportation Commodity Flow Survey, December 2009.