Table 8. Shipment Characteristics by Two-Digit Commodity and Mode of Transportation for Metropolitan Area of Origin: 2007

Table 8. Shipment Characteristics by Two-Digit Commodity and Mode of Transportation for Metropolitan Area of Origin: 2007

Estimates are based on data from the 2007 Commodity Flow Survey. Because of rounding, estimates may not be additive.

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All Commodities5

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes 77,631 100 119,468 100 34,451 100 248 13.2 - 20.8 - 18.6 - 13.6
Single modes 70,488 90.8 111,477 93.3 30,009 87.1 162 14.3 3 20.6 1.4 21.6 5.4 17
Truck6 26,141 33.7 34,643 29 6,058 17.6 143 8 6.3 20.2 7.7 12.2 4.7 19.3
For-hire truck 15,568 20.1 22,223 18.6 5,100 14.8 351 8.4 3.9 23.8 6.5 14.4 4.5 21.3
Private truck 10,572 13.6 12,420 10.4 958 2.8 49 12.7 2.9 19 2.8 17.6 0.7 7.1
Rail 13,313 17.1 16,396 13.7 14,225 41.3 878 17.5 3.1 19.5 4.1 21.5 7.6 6.5
Water 12,921 16.6 28,494 23.9 S S S 35.6 4.3 38.6 5.4 S S S
Shallow draft 9,988 12.9 24,673 20.7 2,416 7 S 42.9 3.7 44.8 5.2 41.1 2.7 S
Deep draft S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Air (incl truck and air) S S S S S S 1,047 S S S S S S 12.5
Pipeline7 18,080 23.3 31,943 26.7 S S S 38.2 8.2 32.6 7.5 S S S
Multiple modes 6,708 8.6 7,505 6.3 4,037 11.7 542 29.6 3 39.2 1.4 32.5 5.4 18.4
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier S S 36 - 17 0.1 537 S S 45 - 37.4 - 19.3
Truck and rail 2,421 3.1 2,140 1.8 1,535 4.5 839 34.6 1.4 32.8 0.4 34.9 2.8 16.9
Truck and water S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Rail and water S S 906 0.8 634 1.8 794 S S 3.1 1.8 35.9 15.5 32.4
Other multiple modes S S S S S S 405 S S S S S S 13.2
Other and unknown modes 435 0.6 S S S S 149 37.5 0.4 S S S S 30.5

SCTG2 02, Cereal grains

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Single modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Truck6 S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Private truck S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Water S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Shallow draft S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S

SCTG2 03, Other agricultural products

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Single modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Truck6 S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Private truck S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Water S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Shallow draft S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier S S S S S S S S S S S S S S

SCTG2 04, Animal feed and products of animal origin, nec

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Single modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Truck6 S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
For-hire truck S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Private truck S S S S S S S S S S S S S S

SCTG2 05, Meat, fish, seafood, and their preparations

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes 70 100 29 100 1 100 S 14 - 15 - 46.9 - S
Single modes 64 92.7 27 93.3 1 91.4 S 22.7 8.6 23.2 7.9 41.9 6.5 S
Truck6 64 92.7 27 93.3 1 91.4 S 22.7 8.6 23.2 7.9 41.9 6.5 S
For-hire truck S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Private truck 63 90.6 26 89.5 1 86.8 S 25.6 11 28.5 12.5 38.8 9.9 S
Multiple modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier S S S S S S S S S S S S S S

SCTG2 06, Milled grain products and preparations and bakery products

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes 80 100 37 100 4 100 84 41 - 46 - 46.7 - 24.5
Single modes 80 100 37 100 4 100 85 41 1.5 46 2.3 46.7 2.1 24.3
Truck6 80 100 37 100 4 100 85 41 1.5 46 2.3 46.7 2.1 24.3
For-hire truck S S 30 80.6 3 82 107 S S 7.6 19.4 4.1 18 1.3
Private truck S S S S S S 83 S S S S S S 41.4
Multiple modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier S S S S S S S S S S S S S S

SCTG2 07, Other prepared foodstuffs and fats and oils

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes 679 100 S S 67 100 S 34.7 - S S 47.6 - S
Single modes 678 99.9 S S 67 99.9 112 34.7 0.1 S S 47.6 0.2 44
Truck6 678 99.9 S S 67 99.9 112 34.7 0.1 S S 47.6 0.2 44
For-hire truck S S S S S S 603 S S S S S S 22.2
Private truck 401 59 482 41.4 26 38.7 37 19 11.7 24.7 15 26.3 14.4 31.4
Multiple modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S

SCTG2 08, Alcoholic beverages

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes 131 100 66 100 1 100 15 18.3 - 25.8 - 25.1 - 4.9
Single modes 131 100 66 100 1 100 15 18.3 - 25.8 - 25.1 - 4.9
Truck6 131 100 66 100 1 100 15 18.3 - 25.8 - 25.1 - 4.9
Private truck 131 100 66 100 1 100 15 18.3 - 25.8 - 25.1 - 4.9

SCTG2 09, Tobacco products

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes S S S S S S 95 S S S S S S 29.4
Single modes S S S S S S 95 S S S S S S 29.4
Truck6 S S S S S S 95 S S S S S S 29.4
Private truck S S S S S S 95 S S S S S S 29.4

SCTG2 11, Natural sands

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes 6 100 1,044 100 51 100 S 33.1 - 40.8 - 45.1 - S
Single modes 6 100 1,044 100 51 100 S 33.1 - 40.8 - 45.1 - S
Truck6 6 100 1,044 100 51 100 S 33.1 - 40.8 - 45.1 - S
For-hire truck 2 41.1 S S S S 73 46.2 16.6 S S S S 45.8
Private truck S S S S S S 42 S S S S S S 24.4

SCTG2 12, Gravel and crushed stone

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes S S S S 239 100 S S S S S 43.5 - S
Single modes S S S S 239 100 S S S S S 43.5 - S
Truck6 S S S S 239 100 S S S S S 43.5 - S
For-hire truck S S S S 145 60.5 S S S S S 47.6 13.1 S
Private truck 19 10.4 S S S S 51 49.7 13.9 S S S S 21.7

SCTG2 13, Nonmetallic minerals nec

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes 10 100 76 100 10 100 S 36.9 - 44.5 - 44.9 - S
Single modes 10 100 76 100 10 100 S 36.9 - 44.5 - 44.9 - S
Truck6 10 100 76 100 10 100 S 36.9 - 44.5 - 44.9 - S
For-hire truck 9 88.1 S S 9 94.3 447 20.8 6.9 S S 27.3 3.3 6.3
Private truck S S S S S S S S S S S S S S

SCTG2 14, Metallic ores and concentrates

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Single modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Truck6 S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
For-hire truck S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Private truck S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier S S S S S S S S S S S S S S

SCTG2 17, Gasoline and aviation turbine fuel

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes 17,578 100 26,127 100 295 100 37 28.6 - 28.2 - 22.1 - 17.4
Single modes 17,578 100 26,127 100 295 100 37 28.6 - 28.2 - 22.1 - 17.4
Truck6 S S S S 140 47.5 40 S S S S 38.4 16.8 13.9
For-hire truck 1,594 9.1 1,989 7.6 92 31.3 46 18.2 11.2 19.4 11.9 18.1 6.9 6.3
Private truck 969 5.5 1,226 4.7 S S 33 42 19.4 46.4 19.4 S S 15.2
Pipeline7 15,016 85.4 22,912 87.7 S S S 16.4 5.5 12.5 4.4 S S S

SCTG2 18, Fuel oils

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes 4,099 100 6,642 100 420 100 32 25.7 - 27.3 - 47 - 20.8
Single modes 4,099 100 6,642 100 420 100 32 25.7 - 27.3 - 47 - 20.8
Truck6 S S S S S S 32 S S S S S S 20.7
For-hire truck 708 17.3 989 14.9 S S 49 10.2 12.1 9.7 11.8 S S 12.3
Private truck 949 23.1 1,259 19 55 13.1 25 45.5 18.1 43 19.1 49.4 19.7 26.6
Water 1,847 45 3,578 53.9 S S S 32.4 14.9 32.4 14 S S S
Shallow draft 1,847 45 3,578 53.9 S S S 32.4 14.9 32.4 14 S S S
Pipeline7 S S S S S S S S S S S S S S

SCTG2 19, Coal and petroleum products, nec

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes 13,841 100 27,860 100 5,810 100 222 31.9 - 41.6 - 38.7 - 28.3
Single modes 10,460 75.6 23,424 84.1 3,549 61.1 183 39 9.2 46.2 8.2 42.9 12.4 44.4
Truck6 1,348 9.7 1,059 3.8 394 6.8 S 30.4 16.8 34.6 17.9 37.6 17.2 S
For-hire truck 956 6.9 737 2.6 363 6.2 480 30.6 13.7 35.4 14 37 16.8 16.6
Private truck 393 2.8 322 1.2 S S S 44.9 4.9 44.5 6 S S S
Rail S S 2,833 10.2 S S 735 S S 43.4 8.6 S S 30.4
Water S S S S S S 89 S S S S S S 49.3
Shallow draft S S S S S S 89 S S S S S S 49.3
Pipeline7 S S 3,275 11.8 S S S S S 26.9 16.6 S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 740 S S S S S S 25.2
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier S S S S S S 161 S S S S S S 11.7
Truck and rail S S S S S S 932 S S S S S S 28.1
Truck and water S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Rail and water S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Other multiple modes S S S S S S 375 S S S S S S 24.8
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 4 S S S S S S -

SCTG2 20, Basic chemicals

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes 16,936 100 23,351 100 16,667 100 460 29.5 - 21.6 - 39.4 - 10.6
Single modes 16,756 98.9 21,877 93.7 15,864 95.2 459 29.9 1.1 22 3.1 41.8 5.1 10.7
Truck6 4,731 27.9 5,003 21.4 1,637 9.8 350 25.5 4.1 15.7 3.2 25.5 4.4 15.9
For-hire truck 2,891 17.1 3,115 13.3 1,308 7.8 471 23 3.7 14 1.9 24.5 4.3 18.3
Private truck 1,840 10.9 1,888 8.1 329 2 175 34.5 2.9 28.7 2.9 37.1 0.8 14.2
Rail 6,133 36.2 7,903 33.8 6,793 40.8 813 24.1 6.6 24.8 5.2 29 9 6.5
Water S S 7,170 30.7 S S 725 S S 44.9 10.3 S S 42.5
Shallow draft S S S S 916 5.5 S S S S S 49.2 8.2 S
Deep draft S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Pipeline7 555 3.3 1,801 7.7 S S S 35.1 5.5 40.4 8 S S S
Multiple modes 167 1 S S S S 490 39.9 1.5 S S S S 12
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Truck and rail S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Truck and water S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Rail and water S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Other multiple modes 122 0.7 716 3.1 317 1.9 419 15.7 2.2 33.3 2.7 30.8 4.4 10.1
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S

SCTG2 21, Pharmaceutical products

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Single modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Truck6 S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
For-hire truck S S 19 85.9 S S S S S 46.3 10.3 S S S
Private truck S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S

SCTG2 22, Fertilizers

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes 1,408 100 5,351 100 2,694 100 390 20.5 - 18.1 - 22.2 - 24.1
Single modes 1,240 88 4,722 88.2 2,201 81.7 377 27.4 9 23.9 6.9 30.5 9.3 24.4
Truck6 S S S S S S 254 S S S S S S 15.6
For-hire truck S S S S S S 254 S S S S S S 20.6
Private truck 39 2.8 112 2.1 34 1.3 243 45.5 6.6 43.9 5.4 49.8 2.4 28.2
Rail 376 26.7 1,411 26.4 1,138 42.2 921 44.6 8.9 41.4 8.7 33.8 11.2 11.7
Water 62 4.4 287 5.4 258 9.6 771 24.6 12.4 21.6 10.9 32.1 16.8 45.3
Shallow draft 62 4.4 287 5.4 258 9.6 771 24.6 12.4 21.6 10.9 32.1 16.8 45.3
Pipeline7 474 33.7 1,765 33 S S S 41.6 10.2 28.8 9.4 S S S
Multiple modes 169 12 629 11.8 493 18.3 835 30.8 9 32.2 6.9 28.5 9.3 11.3
Truck and rail 36 2.6 152 2.8 128 4.7 831 22.1 1 24.8 1.5 34.7 2.6 13.8
Truck and water S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Other multiple modes S S 411 7.7 S S 648 S S 38.2 18.8 S S -

SCTG2 23, Chemical products and preparations, nec

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes 2,807 100 1,188 100 724 100 635 24.2 - 35.1 - 45.5 - 17.6
Single modes 2,642 94.1 1,102 92.7 611 84.3 613 23 1.8 32.2 2.2 38.2 4.4 18.5
Truck6 2,293 81.7 765 64.4 489 67.4 616 25.2 6.5 38.3 9.3 45.7 9.3 18.9
For-hire truck 1,813 64.6 723 60.8 484 66.8 756 30 10.5 40.4 9.5 46.2 9.4 12.5
Private truck S S 42 3.5 5 0.7 62 S S 24.7 4.7 30.5 1.6 25
Rail 343 12.2 S S 122 16.8 S 39.3 9.1 S S 39.6 15 S
Water S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Shallow draft S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Air (incl truck and air) S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 370 S S S S S S 22.4
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier S S 1 0.1 - - 358 S S 47.9 - 30.9 - 26.2
Truck and rail 35 1.2 10 0.8 13 1.8 1,376 38.4 2.7 33.4 2.2 19.9 6.9 47.7
Other multiple modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 987 S S S S S S 35.5

SCTG2 24, Plastics and rubber

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes 9,045 100 5,770 100 3,990 100 349 17.5 - 22.9 - 23.2 - 19.9
Single modes 7,872 87 4,821 83.5 3,525 88.3 283 16.9 5.2 21.8 5.4 22.3 3.6 16.8
Truck6 4,571 50.5 2,156 37.4 1,244 31.2 238 19.9 10.1 18.1 11.4 23.3 12.5 16.4
For-hire truck 3,361 37.2 1,675 29 1,103 27.6 470 19.8 6.3 20.2 7.7 24.6 11 21.3
Private truck 1,210 13.4 481 8.3 141 3.5 85 40 5.4 41.6 5.2 44.3 3 16.5
Rail 3,301 36.5 2,664 46.2 2,281 57.2 871 25.1 6.3 28.2 5.8 29 8.7 15.1
Air (incl truck and air) - - S S S S 1,400 49.8 - S S S S 12.4
Multiple modes 1,160 12.8 946 16.4 S S 851 47.7 5 46.3 5.4 S S 17.4
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier 11 0.1 1 - 1 - 897 23.3 0.2 29.2 - 37.8 0.1 18.1
Truck and rail 1,149 12.7 946 16.4 S S 533 44 6.6 41.8 6.6 S S 37.3
Other and unknown modes 13 0.1 S S S S S 40.2 0.4 S S S S S

SCTG2 25, Logs and other wood in the rough

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Single modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Truck6 S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
For-hire truck S S S S S S S S S S S S S S

SCTG2 26, Wood products

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes 143 100 219 100 S S 191 27.5 - 30.8 - S S 22.7
Single modes 140 98.1 204 93.3 S S 111 28 1.6 27.3 2.7 S S 28
Truck6 140 98.1 204 93.3 S S 111 28 1.6 27.3 2.7 S S 28
For-hire truck 20 14 61 27.9 S S 384 35.1 11 44.8 9.8 S S 25
Private truck 120 84.2 143 65.3 9 22 81 35 8.4 29.1 9.8 33.6 19 15.6
Multiple modes S S S S S S 1,285 S S S S S S 40.9
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Truck and rail S S S S S S S S S S S S S S

SCTG2 27, Pulp, newsprint, paper, and paperboard

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes S S S S S S 507 S S S S S S 34.2
Single modes S S S S S S 486 S S S S S S 33
Truck6 S S S S S S 484 S S S S S S 33.1
For-hire truck 849 79.3 597 74 458 73.7 734 45 11.9 42 12.8 43.5 17.5 4.9
Private truck S S S S S S 50 S S S S S S 30.7
Rail S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Multiple modes 154 14.4 150 18.6 134 21.6 839 49 11.1 36.9 12.1 39.3 14.9 30.8
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Truck and rail 154 14.4 150 18.6 134 21.6 910 38.1 14.7 16.7 15.4 21.8 19.2 21

SCTG2 28, Paper or paperboard articles

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes S S S S S S 87 S S S S S S 28.4
Single modes S S S S S S 85 S S S S S S 17.5
Truck6 S S S S S S 85 S S S S S S 17.5
For-hire truck S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Private truck S S S S S S 81 S S S S S S 21.8
Multiple modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Truck and rail S S S S S S S S S S S S S S

SCTG2 29, Printed products

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes 165 100 S S S S 272 49.6 - S S S S 23.4
Single modes 55 33.4 22 60.1 S S 35 50 17.2 39 11 S S 23.8
Truck6 55 33.4 22 60.1 S S 35 50 17.2 39 11 S S 23.8
Private truck 55 33.4 22 60.1 S S 35 50 17.2 39 11 S S 23.8
Multiple modes S S S S S S 338 S S S S S S 48.8
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier S S S S S S 338 S S S S S S 48.8
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S

SCTG2 30, Textiles, leather, and articles of textiles or leather

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes 88 100 7 100 3 100 302 33.5 - 38 - 38.2 - 41.3
Single modes 37 42.3 4 54.1 3 81.9 S 34.3 19 24.1 15.7 46.9 12.3 S
Truck6 37 42.3 4 54.1 3 81.9 S 34.3 19 24.1 15.7 46.9 12.3 S
For-hire truck 28 31.7 3 38.1 S S 579 45.3 15.7 34.9 16.6 S S 36.2
Private truck 9 10.7 1 16 S S 26 41.1 16.2 39.5 13.6 S S 49.4
Multiple modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 6 S S S S S S 29.2

SCTG2 31, Nonmetallic mineral products

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes 307 100 3,005 100 157 100 302 20.1 - 19.1 - 33.1 - 44
Single modes 293 95.6 2,937 97.7 98 62.2 S 20.7 3.1 19 0.9 21.5 9.6 S
Truck6 293 95.6 2,937 97.7 98 62.2 S 20.7 3.1 19 0.9 21.5 9.6 S
For-hire truck 59 19.1 661 22 35 22.5 575 27.3 4.1 34.9 8.1 38.9 5.1 22.8
Private truck 235 76.5 2,276 75.7 62 39.7 47 22 5.9 24.4 8.2 23 11.6 18.8
Multiple modes 12 4 S S S S 1,041 32.2 3.7 S S S S 18.4
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier 9 2.9 2 0.1 2 1.3 1,042 40.1 5.2 35.5 1.1 43.6 11.9 24.4
Truck and rail 3 1 63 2.1 57 36.4 934 41.2 1.8 30.1 2.4 42.1 13.5 16.5
Other and unknown modes 1 0.4 3 0.1 S S 125 29.1 1 32.6 0.2 S S 43.6

SCTG2 32, Base metal in prim. or semifin. forms & in finished basic shapes

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes 726 100 S S S S 328 41.7 - S S S S 24.1
Single modes 716 98.6 S S S S 236 41.8 1.5 S S S S 27.2
Truck6 572 78.8 S S S S 234 43.6 6.3 S S S S 27.9
For-hire truck S S S S S S 533 S S S S S S 25.5
Private truck 145 20 86 13.9 S S 39 44.4 17.6 35.2 18.4 S S 25.7
Rail S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Water S S S S 1 0.4 11 S S S S 9.1 1.7 -
Shallow draft S S S S 1 0.4 11 S S S S 9.1 1.7 -
Air (incl truck and air) S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Multiple modes S S - - S S 1,028 S S 48.2 0.2 S S 38.6
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier S S - - S S 1,028 S S 48.2 0.2 S S 38.6
Other and unknown modes 6 0.8 5 0.8 S S S 23.6 3.2 20.9 4 S S S

SCTG2 33, Articles of base metal

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes 1,670 100 S S S S 281 33.6 - S S S S 36
Single modes 1,554 93 S S S S S 33.4 8.7 S S S S S
Truck6 880 52.7 S S S S S 27.8 10.1 S S S S S
For-hire truck 602 36 S S 72 3.9 S 33.9 5.7 S S 40.2 16.4 S
Private truck 278 16.7 S S S S 38 39.4 12.7 S S S S 15.2
Rail 673 40.3 1,201 66.6 1,773 95.8 1,479 36 13.3 38.7 8.1 43.7 4.1 6.1
Air (incl truck and air) S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Multiple modes 114 6.9 2 0.1 S S 488 41.6 9.7 46.3 5.1 S S 19.8
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier 114 6.8 2 0.1 1 - 487 41.7 9.7 34.8 5.1 45.4 5.9 19.8
Truck and rail S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Other and unknown modes 2 0.1 S S - - S 48.7 0.1 S S 45.8 0.1 S

SCTG2 34, Machinery

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes 549 100 36 100 4 100 53 30.6 - 35.8 - 35.6 - 41.4
Single modes 468 85.3 35 96.4 4 93.1 S 33.3 7.1 36.6 5.9 34.9 2 S
Truck6 465 84.7 35 96.3 4 92.3 S 33.3 7.1 36.7 5.9 35 2.3 S
For-hire truck 217 39.6 13 34.9 3 74.7 S 35.8 13.7 35.4 17.8 35.4 10.6 S
Private truck 247 45 S S 1 17.6 22 48.7 12.3 S S 45.1 15.5 45.4
Air (incl truck and air) 3 0.6 S S S S 1,188 46.1 1.4 S S S S 29.7
Multiple modes 63 11.4 1 2.3 S S 216 30.3 6.1 40.7 1.6 S S 19.2
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier 63 11.4 1 2.3 S S 216 30.3 6.1 40.7 1.6 S S 19.2
Other and unknown modes 18 3.3 S S S S S 36.7 12.7 S S S S S

SCTG2 35, Electronic & other electrical equip & components & office equip

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes 425 100 90 100 9 100 254 15.9 - 48.6 - 25.8 - 38.7
Single modes 310 73 47 51.9 7 81.4 S 18.5 8.7 20.5 12.8 27.3 5.1 S
Truck6 309 72.6 47 51.9 7 81.3 S 18.6 8.6 20.5 12.8 27.4 4.9 S
For-hire truck 72 16.9 8 9.1 4 50.7 276 30.5 5.2 39.5 9.4 48.5 12.1 32
Private truck 237 55.8 39 42.7 3 30.6 68 22 10.2 23 15.1 23.5 13.7 18.9
Air (incl truck and air) S S S S S S 1,076 S S S S S S 47.5
Multiple modes S S 2 1.9 1 13.3 718 S S 34.9 2.6 33.8 4 15.1
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier S S 2 1.9 1 13.3 718 S S 34.9 2.6 33.8 4 15.1
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S

SCTG2 36, Motorized and other vehicles (including parts)

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes 299 100 S S S S S 33.3 - S S S S S
Single modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Truck6 S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
For-hire truck S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Private truck S S S S S S 48 S S S S S S 29.5
Multiple modes 21 7.1 - 2.1 - 2.3 852 37.4 18.6 37.2 17.3 44.1 19.2 29.4
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier 21 7.1 - 2.1 - 2.3 852 37.4 18.6 37.2 17.3 44.1 19.2 29.4
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 48 S S S S S S 32.2

SCTG2 37, Transportation equipment, nec

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes S S S S S S 687 S S S S S S 23.8
Multiple modes S S S S S S 687 S S S S S S 23.8
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Truck and water S S S S S S S S S S S S S S

SCTG2 38, Precision instruments and apparatus

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes 128 100 1 100 1 100 S 31.4 - 37.1 - 45.3 - S
Single modes 82 64.1 1 51.6 S S S 37.1 13.7 47.5 13.8 S S S
Truck6 53 41.6 - 31.5 S S S 38.8 16 38.8 17.8 S S S
For-hire truck 26 20.5 S S S S S 48.3 18.5 S S S S S
Private truck S S S S S S 26 S S S S S S 43.9
Air (incl truck and air) S S S S S S 957 S S S S S S 15.4
Multiple modes 41 31.9 - 38.6 S S 393 25 19.2 32.5 14.7 S S 41.4
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier 41 31.7 - 31.6 S S 394 25.3 19.2 37.3 15.9 S S 42.7
Truck and water S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Other and unknown modes 5 4 - 9.8 S S 1,308 48.1 4.2 2.9 11.8 S S 30

SCTG2 39, Furniture, mattresses & mattress supports, lamps, lighting

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes 81 100 16 100 3 100 712 18.6 - 21.6 - 33.5 - 30.5
Single modes 79 97.1 16 97.1 3 93 689 18.2 1.9 23.9 4 30.5 3 30.7
Truck6 79 97.1 16 97.1 3 93 689 18.2 1.9 23.9 4 30.5 3 30.7
For-hire truck S S S S S S 1,110 S S S S S S 46.6
Private truck 65 80.3 14 88.2 2 61.8 130 22.8 9.6 27.2 11.5 36.1 14.9 16.5
Multiple modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S

SCTG2 40, Miscellaneous manufactured products

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes 494 100 S S S S 772 45.9 - S S S S 21.7
Single modes 287 58.1 S S S S 687 30.4 12.3 S S S S 29.5
Truck6 261 52.8 S S S S 707 34.4 13.8 S S S S 31.7
For-hire truck S S S S S S 1,269 S S S S S S 22.6
Private truck S S S S S S 30 S S S S S S 31.5
Air (incl truck and air) S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Pipeline7 S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 832 S S S S S S 20.8
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier S S S S S S 831 S S S S S S 20.8
Truck and rail S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Truck and water S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S

SCTG2 41, Waste and scrap

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes 329 100 S S 86 100 S 24.4 - S S 33.4 - S
Single modes 263 80 S S 38 44.2 S 32.5 10.3 S S 30 18.8 S
Truck6 263 80 S S 38 44.2 S 32.5 10.3 S S 30 18.8 S
For-hire truck 262 79.7 S S 38 44 S 32.5 10.2 S S 30 18.7 S
Private truck S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Multiple modes 66 20 S S 48 55.8 2,040 32.4 18.1 S S 45.4 14.6 -
Truck and rail 66 20 S S 48 55.8 2,040 32.4 18.1 S S 45.4 14.6 -

SCTG2 43, Mixed freight

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes 2,165 100 647 100 63 100 226 32.6 - 34.9 - 30 - 31.4
Single modes 2,082 96.1 633 97.9 60 95.7 78 32.6 8.8 34.6 4.5 30.3 6.3 15.7
Truck6 2,082 96.1 633 97.9 60 95.7 78 32.6 8.8 34.6 4.5 30.3 6.3 15.7
For-hire truck 46 2.1 7 1 S S 454 45.6 2 35.3 3.3 S S 42.7
Private truck 2,036 94 627 96.9 56 88.7 51 33 9.7 34.9 5.2 32 8.2 14.2
Multiple modes 43 2 S S S S 989 38.9 1.5 S S S S 19.6
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier 43 2 S S S S 989 38.9 1.5 S S S S 19.6
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 27 S S S S S S 30.3

SCTG2 99, Commodity Unknown

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes S S S S S S 28 S S S S S S 44.5
Single modes S S S S S S 29 S S S S S S 46.5
Truck6 S S S S S S 29 S S S S S S 46.5
Private truck S S S S S S 29 S S S S S S 46.5
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S

KEY: S = Estimate does not meet publication standards because of high sampling variability or poor response quality. - = Zero or Less than half the unit shown; thus, it has been rounded to zero.

1 Commodity Flow Survey (CFS) geographic areas were drawn from a subset of Combined Statistical Areas (CSAs) and Metropolitan Statistical Areas (MeSAs) as defined by the Office of Management and Budget (OMB). However, CFS metropolitan areas are divided into their state parts when they include more than one state. In addition, the CFS also utilizes a unique geography referred to as, "remainder of state," to represent those areas of a state not contained within a separately published metropolitan area for the CFS (as opposed to not part of any Core-Based Statistical Area (CBSA) as defined by OMB). Because of the differences in the CFS geography, as compared to OMB defined geography, caution should be exercised when comparing CFS estimates to other estimates of similar geography.
2 Standard Classification of Transported Goods.
3 Ton-miles estimates are based on estimated distances traveled along a modeled transportation network.
4 Coefficient of Variation.
5 Estimates exclude shipments of crude petroleum (SCTG 16).
6 "Truck" as a single mode includes any shipment that was made by private truck only, by for-hire truck only, or by a combination of private and for-hire truck.
7 Estimates for pipeline exclude shipments of crude petroleum.

NOTES: Value-of-shipment estimates are reported in current prices. Estimated measures of sampling variability for each estimate known as coefficients of variation (CV) are also provided in these tables. More information on sampling error, confidentiality protection, nonsampling error, sample design, and definitions may be found at http://www.bts.gov/publications/commodity_flow_survey/.
Rows are not shown if all cells for that particular row have no value. For example, Orlando-Deltona-Daytona Beach, FL by Alcoholic Beverages (08) by Air has no data for any cell therefore the entire row is not shown. Also, two-digit commodities are not present if there is no such data for an entire commodity by area. For example, Pittsburgh-New Castle, PA by Cereal Grains (02) has no data for any mode therefore the entire commodity is not shown.

SOURCE: U.S. Department of Transportation, Research and Innovative Technology Administration, Bureau of Transportation Statistics and U.S. Department of Commerce, U.S. Census Bureau, 2007 Economic Census: Transportation Commodity Flow Survey, December 2009.